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  • 101.
    Pilkington, Georgia A.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Harris, Kathryn
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.).
    Bergendal, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Reddy, Akepati Bhaskar
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.).
    Pålsson, G. K.
    Vorobiev, A.
    Antzutkin, O. N.
    Glavatskih, Sergei
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.). Ghent University, Belgium.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Electro-responsivity of ionic liquid boundary layers in a polar solvent revealed by neutron reflectance2018Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 148, nr 19, artikel-id 193806Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using neutron reflectivity, the electro-responsive structuring of the non-halogenated ionic liquid (IL) trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium-bis(mandelato)borate, [P6,6,6,14][BMB], has been studied at a gold electrode surface in a polar solvent. For a 20% w/w IL mixture, contrast matched to the gold surface, distinct Kiessig fringes were observed for all potentials studied, indicative of a boundary layer of different composition to that of the bulk IL-solvent mixture. With applied potential, the amplitudes of the fringes from the gold-boundary layer interface varied systematically. These changes are attributable to the differing ratios of cations and anions in the boundary layer, leading to a greater or diminished contrast with the gold electrode, depending on the individual ion scattering length densities. Such electro-responsive changes were also evident in the reflectivities measured for the pure IL and a less concentrated (5% w/w) IL-solvent mixture at the same applied potentials, but gave rise to less pronounced changes. These measurements, therefore, demonstrate the enhanced sensitivity achieved by contrast matching the bulk solution and that the structure of the IL boundary layers formed in mixtures is strongly influenced by the bulk concentration. Together these results represent an important step in characterising IL boundary layers in IL-solvent mixtures and provide clear evidence of electro-responsive structuring of IL ions in their solutions with applied potential.

  • 102. Poptoshev, E.
    et al.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Claesson, P. M.
    Surface forces in aqueous polyvinylamine solutions. I. Glass surfaces1999Ingår i: Langmuir, Vol. 15, nr 22, s. 7789-7794Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A noninterferometric surface force apparatus has been used to measure interactions between glass spheres in dilute aqueous polyvinylamine solutions at two different salt concentrations. Close to the substrate charge neutralization point, an attractive interaction is present mainly because of bridging of the extending polymer tails. Additional adsorption leads to an overcompensation of the glass negative surface charge, and the interaction at this point is dominated by a long-range double-layer repulsion. The results from fitting the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory to the measured force curves demonstrate that the degree of overcompensation increases with polyelectrolyte concentration and increasing ionic strength of the solution (addition of indifferent electrolyte). An increase in ionic strength results in the screening of the electrostatic forces which leads to: (i) a reduced free energy cost of creating a charged interface, (ii) a decreased repulsion between protonated amine groups along the polymer backbone and a corresponding increased chain flexibility, (iii) a reduced electrostatic attraction between the polyelectrolyte and the surface. The first effect is apparently is the most important in the present case.

  • 103.
    Pradhan, Sulena
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Hedberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Rosenqvist, Jorgen
    Jonsson, Caroline M.
    Wold, Susanna
    Blomberg, Eva
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap.
    Influence of humic acid and dihydroxy benzoic acid on the agglomeration, adsorption, sedimentation and dissolution of copper, manganese, aluminum and silica nanoparticles - A tentative exposure scenario2018Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikel-id e0192553Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work focuses on kinetic aspects of stability, mobility, and dissolution of bare Cu, Al and Mn, and SiO2 NPs in synthetic freshwater (FW) with and without the presence of natural organic matter (NOM). This includes elucidation of particle and surface interactions, metal dissolution kinetics, and speciation predictions of released metals in solution. Dihydroxy benzoic acid (DHBA) and humic acid adsorbed rapidly on all metal NPs (< 1 min) via multiple surface coordinations, followed in general by rapid agglomeration and concomitant sedimentation for a large fraction of the particles. In contrast, NOM did not induce agglomeration of the SiO2 NPs during the test duration (21 days). DHBA in concentrations of 0.1 and 1 mM was unable to stabilize the metal NPs for time periods longer than 6 h, whereas humic acid, at certain concentrations (20 mg/L) was more efficient (> 24 h). The presence of NOM increased the amount of released metals into solution, in particular for Al and Cu, whereas the effect for Mn was minor. At least 10% of the particle mass was dissolved within 24 h and remained in solution for the metal NPs in the presence of NOM. Speciation modeling revealed that released Al and Cu predominantly formed complexes with NOM, whereas less complexation was seen for Mn. The results imply that potentially dispersed NPs of Cu, Al and Mn readily dissolve or sediment close to the source in freshwater of low salinity, whereas SiO2 NPs are more stable and therefore more mobile in solution.

  • 104.
    Radiom, Milad
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Ionic liquid–solid interface and applications in lubrication and energy storage2019Ingår i: Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, ISSN 1359-0294, E-ISSN 1879-0399, Vol. 39, s. 148-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) exhibit many attractive properties in proximity to solid surfaces. Primarily, they form well-defined interfacial layers that are tunable — electrically and thermally — as well as being stable — mechanically, electrically, and thermally — over a wide range. Recent investigations have aimed at understanding the molecular structuring of ILs at their interface with solids and in confinement, while in tandem, ILs are used as next-generation lubricants and energy storage materials. The result is a large volume of work that has appeared over the last decade. In this review, the recent literature is presented and future research directions are discussed.

  • 105.
    Radiom, Milad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Pedraz, Patricia
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Pilkington, Georgia
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Rohlmann, Patrick
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
    Glavatskih, Sergei
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.). Department of Electrical Energy, Metals, Mechanical Constructions and Systems, Ghent University, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. Surfaces, Processes and Formulation, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Anomalous Interfacial Structuring of a Non-Halogenated Ionic Liquid: Effect of Substrate and Temperature2018Ingår i: Colloids and Interfaces, ISSN 2504-5377, Vol. 2, nr 4, artikel-id 60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the interfacial properties of the non-halogenated ionic liquid (IL), trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(mandelato)borate, [P6,6,6,14][BMB], in proximity to solid surfaces, by means of surface force measurement. The system consists of sharp atomic force microscopy (AFM) tips interacting with solid surfaces of mica, silica, and gold. We find that the force response has a monotonic form, from which a characteristic steric decay length can be extracted. The decay length is comparable with the size of the ions, suggesting that a layer is formed on the surface, but that it is diffuse. The long alkyl chains of the cation, the large size of the anion, as well as crowding of the cations at the surface of negatively charged mica, are all factors which are likely to oppose the interfacial stratification which has, hitherto, been considered a characteristic of ionic liquids. The variation in the decay length also reveals differences in the layer composition at different surfaces, which can be related to their surface charge. This, in turn, allows the conclusion that silica has a low surface charge in this aprotic ionic liquid. Furthermore, the effect of temperature has been investigated. Elevating the temperature to 40 &deg;C causes negligible changes in the interaction. At 80 &deg;C and 120 &deg;C, we observe a layering artefact which precludes further analysis, and we present the underlying instrumental origin of this rather universal artefact.

  • 106.
    Rohlmann, Patrick
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
    Munavirov, Bulat
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
    Furo, Istvan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Antzutkin, Oleg
    Lulea Univ Technol, Chem Interfaces, Lulea, Sweden..
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Surfaces Proc & Formulat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Glavatskih, Sergei
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.). Univ Ghent, Dept Elect Energy Met Mech Construct & Syst, Ghent, Belgium.
    Non-halogenated Ionic Liquid Dramatically Enhances Tribological Performance of Biodegradable Oils2019Ingår i: Frontiers in Chemistry, E-ISSN 2296-2646, Vol. 7, artikel-id 98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is demonstrated that a phosphonium orthoborate ionic liquid may serve as a wear reducing additive in biodegradable oils at steel-steel surfaces in the boundary lubrication regime. Tribological tests were performed in a bail-on-three plate configuration. A set of surface characterization techniques-SEM/EDS, FIB and white light interferometry were used to characterize surfaces following the tribotests and to observe the formation of any tribofilms. B-11 NMR was used to follow changes in the composition of the ionic-liquid-oil blends and to identify boron-containing decomposition products after the tribotests. The ionic liquid reduces the wear of steel surfaces by up to 92% compared to the neat oil at 90 degrees C; it is shown that the reduction in wear can be correlated with the formation of boron enriched patches in the boundary films.

  • 107.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Glavatskih, Sergei
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
    Notley, Shannon
    Traction Drive Fluid2015Patent (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 108.
    Sang, Lingzi
    et al.
    Univ Illinois, Dept Chem, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Bassett, Kimberly L.
    Univ Illinois, Dept Chem, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Castro, Fernando C.
    Northwestern Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Evanston, IL 60208 USA..
    Young, Matthias J.
    Argonne Natl Lab, Appl Mat Div, Lemont, IL 60439 USA..
    Chen, Lin
    Argonne Natl Lab, Appl Mat Div, Lemont, IL 60439 USA..
    Haasch, Richard T.
    Univ Illinois, Frederick Seitz Mat Res Lab, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Elam, Jeffrey W.
    Argonne Natl Lab, Appl Mat Div, Lemont, IL 60439 USA..
    Dravid, Vinayak P.
    Northwestern Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Evanston, IL 60208 USA..
    Nuzzo, Ralph G.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Gewirth, Andrew A.
    Univ Illinois, Dept Chem, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Understanding the Effect of Interlayers at the Thiophosphate Solid Electrolyte/Lithium Interface for All-Solid-State Li Batteries2018Ingår i: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 30, nr 24, s. 8747-8756Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    All-solid-state Li-ion batteries afford possibilities to enhance battery safety while improving their energy and power densities. Current challenges for achieving high-performance all-solid-state batteries with long cycle life include shorting resulting predominantly from Li dendrite formation and infiltration through the solid electrolyte (SE) and increases in cell impedance induced by SE decomposition at the SE/electrode interface. In this work, we evaluate the electrochemical properties of two interlayer materials, Si and LixAl(2-x/3)O3 (LiAlO), at the Li7P3S11 (LPS)/Li interface. Compared to the Li/LPS/Li symmetric cells in absence of interlayers, the presence of Si and LiAlO both significantly enhance the cycle number and total charge passing through the interface before failures resulting from cell shorting. In both cases, the noted improvements were accompanied by cell impedances that had increased substantially. The data reveal that both interlayers prevent the direct exposure of LPS to the metallic Li and therefore eliminate the intrinsic LPS decomposition that occurs at Li surfaces before electrochemical cycling. After cycling, a reduction of LPS to Li2S occurs at the interface when a Si interlayer is present; LiAlO, which functions to drop the potential between Li and LPS, suppresses LPS decomposition processes. The relative propensities toward SE decomposition follows from the electrochemical potentials at the interface, which are dictated by the identities of the interlayer materials. This work provides new insights into the phase dynamics associated with specific choices for SE/electrode interlayer materials and the requirements they impose for realizing high efficiency, long lasting all-solid-state batteries.

  • 109. Shah, F. U.
    et al.
    Holmgren, A.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials.
    Glavatskih, S.
    Antzutkin, O. N.
    Interfacial Behavior of Orthoborate Ionic Liquids at Inorganic Oxide Surfaces Probed by NMR, IR, and Raman Spectroscopy2018Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 122, nr 34, s. 19687-19698Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Absorption modes and the reactivity of nonhalogenated ionic liquids (ILs) at inorganic oxide surfaces of γ-Al2O3, MgO, and SiO2 particles were characterized using multinuclear (11B, 31P, and 29Si) solid-state magic-angle-spinning NMR, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy. ILs are composed of the trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium cation, [P6,6,6,14]+, and bis(mandelato)borate, [BMB]-, or bis(salicylato)borate, [BScB]-, anions. Spectroscopic measurements were performed on room-temperature (298 K) samples and samples exposed to 15 h at 373 K. The single-pulse 11B NMR data of heated [P6,6,6,14][BMB] mixed with the inorganic oxides showed a significant change in the spectra of the anion for all three oxides. In contrast, no such spectral changes were detected for heated [P6,6,6,14][BScB] mixed with the inorganic oxides. 31P MAS NMR data for the IL/metal oxide systems revealed interactions between [P6,6,6,14]+ and the surfaces of oxides. A significant intensity of 31P CP-MAS NMR signals indicated a low mobility of cations in these systems. The existence of strongly adhered surface layers of ILs on SiO2 particles was also confirmed by 1H-29Si CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy. FTIR and Raman spectroscopic data revealed strong interactions between the anions and the inorganic surfaces, and there is a strong correlation with the data obtained from NMR spectroscopy. Although their chemical structures are rather similar, the [BScB]- anion is more stable than the [BMB]- anion at the inorganic oxide surfaces.

  • 110.
    Shao, Cairu
    et al.
    Guangdong Res Inst Rare Met, Guangzhou 510651, Guangdong, Peoples R China.;Beihang Univ, Sch Phys & Nucl Energy Engn, 37 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Fan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Li, Xia
    Beihang Univ, Sch Phys & Nucl Energy Engn, 37 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Jianhua
    Guangdong Res Inst Rare Met, Guangzhou 510651, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Jiang, Yusi
    Guangdong Res Inst Rare Met, Guangzhou 510651, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Cheng, Huayue
    Guangdong Res Inst Rare Met, Guangzhou 510651, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Kaigui
    Beihang Univ, Sch Phys & Nucl Energy Engn, 37 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China..
    Influence of Cr doping on the oxygen evolution potential of SnO2/Ti and Sb-SnO2/Ti electrodes2019Ingår i: JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, ISSN 1572-6657, Vol. 832, s. 436-443Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxygen evolution potential is the determining factor affecting the anode efficiency of the wastewater treatment process. In this study, we focus on increasing oxygen evolution potential of Cr-SnO2/Ti and Cr-Sb-SnO2/Ti electrodes with the pyrolytic method. XRD, SEM and XPS techniques had been applied to characterize the microstructures and chemical compositions of the samples. Electrochemical measurements had been performed to evaluate the oxygen evolution potential as a criterion of the wastewater treatment efficiency. The results show that co-doping of Sb and Cr improved the crystallinity and grain size of SnO2 coating, and Cr existed in the form of Cr(III) valence states. The Cr doping treatment improved the electronic conductivity and the electrocatalytic activity of the electrodes. DFT calculation of the band-structure indicates Cr doped SnO2 had a superior electrical conductivity, where Cr atom acts as an acceptor providing vacancies for electron transportation. The DOS diagrams reveal the Cr doped SnO2 showing a p-type conductivity which would subsequently influence the built-in potential on metal-semiconductor interface. We proposed the mechanism of the increase of oxygen evolution potential is the doping of Cr expands the built-in potential.

  • 111. Skedung, L.
    et al.
    El Rawadi, C.
    Arvidsson, M.
    Farcet, C.
    Luengo, G. S.
    Breton, L.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mechanisms of tactile sensory deterioration amongst the elderly2018Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, nr 1, artikel-id 5303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is known that roughness-smoothness, hardness-softness, stickiness-slipperiness and warm-cold are predominant perceptual dimensions in macro-, micro- and nano- texture perception. However, it is not clear to what extent active tactile texture discrimination remains intact with age. The general decrease in tactile ability induces physical and emotional dysfunction in elderly, and has increasing significance for an aging population. We report a method to quantify tactile acuity based on blinded active exploration of systematically varying micro-textured surfaces and a same-different paradigm. It reveals that elderly participants show significantly reduced fine texture discrimination ability. The elderly group also displays statistically lower finger friction coefficient, moisture and elasticity, suggesting a link. However, a subpopulation of the elderly retains discrimination ability irrespective of cutaneous condition and this can be related to a higher density of somatosensory receptors on the finger pads. Skin tribology is thus not the primary reason for decline of tactile discrimination with age. The remediation of cutaneous properties through rehydration, however leads to a significantly improved tactile acuity. This indicates unambiguously that neurological tactile loss can be temporarily compensated by restoring the cutaneous contact mechanics. Such mechanical restoration of tactile ability has the potential to increase the quality of life in elderly.

  • 112.
    Skedung, Lisa
    et al.
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Harris, Kathryn
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Collier, Elizabeth S.
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Arvidsson, Martin
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden.;Tobii AB Publ, Box 743, S-18217 Danderyd, Sweden..
    Wackerlin, Aneliia
    Glas Trosch AG, Ind Str 29, CH-4922 Butzberg, Switzerland..
    Haag, Walter
    Glas Trosch AG, Ind Str 29, CH-4922 Butzberg, Switzerland..
    Bieri, Marco
    Glas Trosch AG, Ind Str 29, CH-4922 Butzberg, Switzerland.;Swiss Natl Sci Fdn, Wildhainweg 3, CH-3001 Bern, Switzerland..
    Romanyuk, Andriy
    Glas Trosch AG, Ind Str 29, CH-4922 Butzberg, Switzerland..
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Feeling Smooth: Psychotribological Probing of Molecular Composition2018Ingår i: Tribology letters, ISSN 1023-8883, E-ISSN 1573-2711, Vol. 66, nr 4, artikel-id 138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate whether smooth surfaces varying in surface chemistry could be perceptually distinguished with the sense of touch. A set of ten glass surfaces was prepared which varied systematically in terms of the molecular composition of a thin coating of low topography. The contact angle, contact angle hysteresis, and surface energy were evaluated as objective physical parameters characterizing each coating. Additionally, the interaction forces between a human finger and the different coatings were quantified and compared in terms of tactile friction coefficients. The surfaces were evaluated psychophysically in terms of perceived similarities and were then ranked according to pleasantness. The participants could perceptually distinguish between surfaces varying in surface chemistry and a primary and secondary perceptual dimension were identified as sufficient to distinguish them. The primary dimension correlates with surface free energy, but both tactile friction and surface energy contribute to this dimension depending on whether the coatings are organic or inorganic. The secondary dimension could not be identified explicitly in terms of a physical quantity but is discussed in terms of recent developments in the literature. Coated glass is characterized by high friction coefficient upon interaction with a human finger as well as significant hysteresis in the stroking directions (lower applied load and higher friction in the backward stroke). Despite the complexity of the tribology, pleasantness can be clearly linked to it, where low friction (high contact angle) materials receive a higher ranking.

  • 113.
    Sthoer, Adrien
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. kth.
    Interactions of Na+ Cations with a Highly Charged Fatty Acid Langmuir Monolayer: Molecular Description of the Phase Transition2019Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy has been used to study the molecular properties upon compression of a highly charged arachidic acid Langmuir monolayer, which displays a first-order phase transition plateau in the surface pressure - molecular area (π-A) isotherm. By targeting vibrational modes from the carboxylic acid headgroup, alkyl chain, and interfacial water molecules, information regarding the surface charge, surface potential, type of ion pair formed, and conformational order of the monolayer could be extracted. The monolayer was found to be fully charged before reaching the 2D-phase transition plateau, where partial reprotonation, as well as the formation of COO⎺ Na+ contact-ion pairs, started to take place. After the transition, three headgroup species, mainly hydrated COO⎺, COOH, and COO⎺ Na+ contact-ion pairs could be identified and their proportions quantified. Comparison with theoretical models shows that predictions from the Gouy Chapman model are only adequate for the lowest surface charge densities (<-0.1 C/m2). In contrast, a modified Poisson-Boltzmann (MPB) model that accounts for finite-size of the cation, captures many of the experimental observables, including the partial reprotonation, and surface potential changes upon compression. The experimental results provide a quantitative molecular insight that could be used to test potential extensions to the theory.

  • 114.
    Sthoer, Adrien
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Molecular Insight into Ion-Specific Interactions: Vibrational Sum Frequency Study of the Carboxylic Acid Moiety2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Ion specific effects at charged interfaces find numerous applications in colloidal sciences and play a vital role in many biological processes. Despite having been studied for over a century, starting with the work of F. Hofmeister in the 1880s, a comprehensive molecular  understanding remains elusive. It is currently believed that specific molecular interactions between ions and the various chemical functional groups, including the disruption of the interfacial water structure, are the key underlying steps. The research presented in this doctoral thesis focuses on the carboxylic acid moiety which is one of the chemical functionalities most frequently encountered at biological interfaces. Vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (VSFS), a non-linear optical technique with an exquisite surface specificity, was used to investigate the interactions between the carboxylic acid moiety of a fatty acid Langmuir monolayer with monovalent (Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+), divalent (Ca2+, Mg2+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Co2+), and trivalent (Y3+, La3+) cations. The studies also focused on understanding the remarkable effect of negatively charged co-ions (Cl-, Br-, I-, SCN-) on the cation-carboxylate interactions. Another key result of this work is the identification of resolved spectral features linked to the Eigen-like hydronium (H3O+) cation at the charged carboxylic acid interface. VSFS allowed quantifying the surface charge, type of cation binding, and structural changes in the interfacial water molecules upon changes of the ion identity, concentration, and pH. The findings demonstrate that the physical-chemical properties of the interfacial layers reflect a subtle balance between molecular and electrostatic competitive interactions, providing new experimental quantitative insights for testing the suitability of extended new theories on charged interfaces and ion specific interactions.

  • 115.
    Sthoer, Adrien
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Adams, Ellen
    Ohio State University.
    Sengupta, Sanghamitra
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Corkery, Robert
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Ytbehandlingsteknik.
    Allen, Heather
    Tyrode, Eric
    KTH.
    La3+ and Y3+ interactions with the carboxylic acid moiety at theliquid/vapor interface: identification of binding complexes, chargereversal, and detection limits.Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 116.
    Sthoer, Adrien
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Thyrode, Eric C.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Anion specific effects at negatively charged interfaces:the influence of Cl⎺, Br⎺, I⎺, and SCN⎺ on the interactionsof Na+ with the carboxylic acid moietyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of SCN⎺ and the halide co-ions in the interactions of Na+ with carboxylic acid Langmuir monolayers has been investigated using vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (VSFS). At 1 M concentrations in the subphase, the identity of the anion is shown to have a remarkable effect on the degree of deprotonation of the monolayer, with ions ordering in the sequence I⎺ > SCN⎺ > Cl⎺≈Br⎺. The same trend is observed both at pH 6 and pH 9 when the monolayer is intrinsically more charged. Evidence for the presence of SCN⎺ in the interfacial region, albeit at low to negligible concentrations, was found after identifying the C≡N stretch just above the detection limits. The results contradict electrostatic theories on charged interfaces where co-ions are not expected to play any significant role. The higher propensity for the large polarizable anions to deprotonate the monolayer is explained in terms of their ability to change the surface hydronium ion concentration.

  • 117.
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Tech Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat Surface Proc & Formulat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dimensional Scaling of Aqueous Ink Imbibition and Inkjet Printability on Porous Pigment Coated Paper-A Revisit2018Ingår i: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 57, nr 49, s. 16684-16691Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A recently published dimensional scaling of infiltration of water-based inkjet fluids was used to revisit published inkjet printability data on mineral-pigment-based, inkjet-receptive coated papers. The dimensional scaling was developed using simple fluids on homogeneous isotropic media and applied on uncoated papers using complex inkjet fluids but so far has not been related to printability. It is shown that the scaling can also work for coated papers using commercial dye- and pigment-based inks with a suggested relation to printability as given by the color gamut area, in which the primary factor is the product of permeability and capillary pressure. A successful scaling suggests that inkjet printability can be predicted from flow and materials parameters, namely, porosity, viscosity, imbibed volume, permeability, and capillary pressure, and would be of general applicability in other areas of inkjet printing. The results further imply the usefulness of the approach in other functional surface modification using waterborne procedures on hard or soft porous materials.

  • 118.
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Probing interactions of nanocellulose and sugars using rheology2017Ingår i: International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2017, TAPPI Press , 2017, s. 305-314Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 119.
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Super liquid repellent surfaces - non-wetting forces, cavity growth and coatings on biobased materials2018Ingår i: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 255Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 120.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Brandner, B. D.
    Interaction in cellulosic fiber-fiber joints at humid and wet conditions by AFM and confocal Raman microscopy2018Ingår i: International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2018, TAPPI Press , 2018, s. 64-73Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactions in fiber-fiber joints: • Interaction in crossed cellulosic fiber joints between was studied by atomic force colloidal probe microscopy (AFM) and mapping of surfaces and bonding sites using confocal Raman microspectroscopy (CRM) • CRM imaged surfaces and joints on thermomechanical pulp fibers, bleached pulp fibers and rayon fibers • Chemical and structural constituents relevant for bonding at high enough resolution can be imaged • Differences due to stresses or strains at, or close to, the fiber-fiber bonded area was detected but could not be evaluated. • Clean rayon fibers and bleached kraft pulp fibers, attached to an AFM cantilever and to the edge of an AFM chip, were brought in contact in a 90° crossed configuration • Forces measured in humid air and in water during approach and during retract • Bleached kraft pulp fiber-fiber joints can measured combined in adhesion and friction • Rayon fibers at different RH's give influence of capillary attraction at cross-points. Adhesion values significantly less than predicted by capillary attraction, due to roughness. 

  • 121.
    Szakalos, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Åkermark, T.
    Rost & Ratt, Ugglev 32C, S-13141 Nacka, Sweden..
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Comments on the paper "Copper in ultrapure water, a scientific issue under debate" by M. Ottosson, M. Boman, P. Berastegui, Y. Andersson, M. Hahlin, M. Korvela, and R. Berger2018Ingår i: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 142, s. 305-307Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 122.
    Thorén, Per-Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    Borgani, Riccardo
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    Forchheimer, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik. KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Dobryden, Illia
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Kassa, Hailu G.
    Univ Mons, Ctr Innovat & Res Mat & Polymers, Lab Chem Novel Mat, Pl Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium..
    Leclere, Philippe
    Univ Mons, Ctr Innovat & Res Mat & Polymers, Lab Chem Novel Mat, Pl Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium..
    Wang, Yifan
    Univ Chicago, James Franck Inst, 929 East 57th St, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Jaeger, Heinrich M. .
    Univ Chicago, James Franck Inst, 929 East 57th St, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Haviland, David B.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    Modeling and Measuring Viscoelasticity with Dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy2018Ingår i: Physical Review Applied, E-ISSN 2331-7019, Vol. 10, nr 2, artikel-id 024017Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The interaction between a rapidly oscillating atomic-force-microscope tip and a soft-material surface is described with use of both elastic and viscous forces in a moving-surface model. We present the simplest form of this model, motivating our derivation with the models ability to capture the impact dynamics of the tip and sample with an interaction consisting of two components: interfacial or surface force, and bulk or volumetric force. Analytic solutions to the piecewise linear model identify characteristic time constants, providing a physical explanation for the hysteresis observed in the measured dynamic-force-quadrature curves. Numerical simulation is used to fit the model to experimental data, and excellent agreement is found with a variety of different samples. The model parameters form a dimensionless impact-rheology factor, giving a quantitative physical number to characterize a viscoelastic surface that does not depend on the tip shape or cantilever frequency.

  • 123.
    Thorén, Per-Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI).
    Borgani, Riccardo
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    Forchheimer, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    Dobryden, Illia
    KTH.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Kassa, Hailu G.
    Leclère, Philippe
    Wang, Yifan
    Jaeger, Heinrich
    Haviland, David B.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
    On modeling and measuring viscoelasticity with dynamic Atomic Force MicroscopyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 124.
    Tyrode, Eric
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Johnson, C. Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    COLL 153-Molecular ordering at the liquid/air interface and hydration of surfactants2006Ingår i: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 232Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 125.
    Tyrode, Eric
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Sengupta, Sanghamitra
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Sthoer, Adrien
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Vibrational Spectral Signature of Eigen-like hydrated protonsat negatively charged surfacesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 126.
    Wallenius, Janne
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Kärnenergiteknik. LeadCold Reactors, Valhallavagen 79, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Qvist, S.
    LeadCold Reactors, Valhallavagen 79, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mickus, Ignas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Kärnenergiteknik. LeadCold Reactors, Valhallavagen 79, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bortot, Sara
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Kärnenergiteknik. LeadCold Reactors, Valhallavagen 79, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Szakalos, Peter
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. LeadCold Reactors, Valhallavagen 79, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Design of SEALER, a very small lead-cooled reactor for commercial power production in off-grid applications2018Ingår i: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 338, s. 23-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the conceptual design of a small lead-cooled nuclear reactor intended to replace diesel-power in off-grid applications is presented. In a vessel of dimensions making it transportable by air, the targeted design performance is to produce 3 MW of electrical power for up to 30 years without reloading of fuel. Consequently, the inner vessel can be sealed, delaying malevolent access to the nuclear fuel and improving security. Alumina forming alloys are applied to ensure long term corrosion protection of fuel cladding tubes, steam generator tubes and primary vessel over the operational temperature regime. Moreover, decay heat can be removed in a completely passive manner by natural convection from the core to the primary coolant and by thermal radiation from the primary vessel to the environment. Finally, the source term is such that relocation of population residing beyond 1 km from the reactor will not be required even in the case of a complete core melt.

  • 127.
    Wang, Xuying
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Herting, Gunilla
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Wei, Zheng
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Hedberg, Yolanda
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Bioaccessibility of nickel and cobalt in powders and massive forms of stainless steel, nickel- or cobalt-based alloys, and nickel and cobalt metals in artificial sweat2019Ingår i: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology, ISSN 0273-2300, E-ISSN 1096-0295, Vol. 106, s. 15-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nickel (Ni)and cobalt (Co)are the most common metal allergens upon skin contact at occupational settings and during consumer handling of metals and alloys. A standardized test (EN, 1811)exists to assess Ni release from articles of metals and alloys in massive forms intended for direct and prolonged skin contact, but no corresponding test exists for other materials such as powders or massive forms of alloys placed on the market or to determine the release of Co, for which only limited data is available. Differences in Ni and Co release from massive forms of a range of common stainless steels and some high-alloyed grades compared to Ni and Co metals were therefore assessed in artificial sweat for 1 week at 30 °C according to EN 1811. A comparable modified test procedure was elaborated and used for powders and some selected massive alloys. All alloys investigated released significantly less amount of Ni (100–5000-fold)and Co (200–400,000-fold)compared with Ni and Co metal, respectively. Almost all alloys showed a lower bioaccessible concentration (0.007–6.8 wt% Ni and 0.00003–0.6 wt% Co)when compared to corresponding bulk alloy contents (0.1–53 wt% Ni, 0.02–65 wt% Co). Observed differences are, among other factors, related to differences in bulk composition and to surface oxide characteristics. For the powders, less Ni and Co were released per surface area, but more per mass, compared to the corresponding massive forms. © 2019 The Authors

  • 128. Wang, Yongchao
    et al.
    Yin, Litao
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. University of Science and Technology Beijing, China.
    Jin, Ying
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Leygraf, Christofer
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Numerical Simulation of Micro-Galvanic Corrosion in Al Alloys: Steric Hindrance Effect of Corrosion Product2018Ingår i: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 164, nr 14, s. C1035-C1043Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An improved finite element model was established to demonstrate the steric hindrance effect of the precipitated corrosion product (Al(OH)(3)) on micro-galvanic corrosion triggered by intermetallic particles (IMPs) in an Al-matrix. In this model, the precipitation/ dissolution of the corrosion product could occur in the whole liquid field as the result of a reversible reaction. Simulation results show that the precipitated insulating Al(OH)(3) on the electrode surface can inhibit further corrosion by reducing the conductivity of the solution and the active electrode surface area. Meanwhile, the steric hindrance effect of the precipitated Al(OH)(3) also slows down the diffusion and migration of species in the solution. Moreover, considering the porous nature of precipitated Al(OH)(3), a porosity parameter epsilon was introduced to describe the degree of compactness of corrosion product, which reaches a certain minimum value epsilon(c) under a specific corrosion situation. Compared to the previous work in which a surface coverage parameter was used to describe the blocking effect of Al(OH)(3) on surface activity, the present model is more realistic in mimicking the micro-galvanic corrosion, and also useful for the simulation of the transition from metastable pit formation to pit propagation.

  • 129.
    Wei, Zheng
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Edin, Jonathan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Karlsson, Anna Emelie
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Petrovic, Katarina
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Soroka, Inna L.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Hedberg, Yolanda
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Can gamma irradiation during radiotherapy influence the metal release process for biomedical CoCrMo and 316L alloys?2018Ingår i: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4973, E-ISSN 1552-4981, Vol. 106, nr 7, s. 2673-2680Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent of metal release from implant materials that are irradiated during radiotherapy may be influenced by irradiation-formed radicals. The influence of gamma irradiation, with a total dose of relevance for radiotherapy (e.g., for cancer treatments) on the extent of metal release from biomedical stainless steel AISI 316L and a cobalt-chromium alloy (CoCrMo) was investigated in physiological relevant solutions (phosphate buffered saline with and without 10 g/L bovine serum albumin) at pH 7.3. Directly after irradiation, the released amounts of metals were significantly higher for irradiated CoCrMo as compared to nonirradiated CoCrMo, resulting in an increased surface passivation (enhanced passive conditions) that hindered further release. A similar effect was observed for 316L showing lower nickel release after 1 h of initially irradiated samples as compared to nonirradiated samples. However, the effect of irradiation (total dose of 16.5 Gy) on metal release and surface oxide composition and thickness was generally small. Most metals were released initially (within seconds) upon immersion from CoCrMo but not from 316L. Albumin induced an increased amount of released metals from AISI 316L but not from CoCrMo. Albumin was not found to aggregate to any greater extent either upon gamma irradiation or in the presence of trace metal ions, as determined using different light scattering techniques. Further studies should elucidate the effect of repeated friction and fractionated low irradiation doses on the short- and long term metal release process of biomedical materials.

  • 130.
    Wojas, Natalia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, CHE Surface & Corros Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jarn, Mikael
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gane, Patrick
    Omya Int AG, Oftringen, Switzerland..
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Omya Int AG, Oftringen, Switzerland..
    Adam, Marcus
    Omya Int AG, Oftringen, Switzerland..
    Adsorption of water and gaseous species on calcite surfaces at different relative humidity and temperature2018Ingår i: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 255Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 131.
    Wojas, Natalia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat Surface Proc & Formulat, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat Surface Proc & Formulat, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat Surface Proc & Formulat, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jarn, Mikael
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat Surface Proc & Formulat, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Schoelkop, Joachim
    Omya Int AG, Baslerstr 42, CH-4665 Oftringen, Switzerland..
    Gane, Patrick A. C.
    Omya Int AG, Baslerstr 42, CH-4665 Oftringen, Switzerland.;Aalto Univ, Sch Chem Engn, Dept Bioprod & Biosyst, POB 16300, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland..
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat Surface Proc & Formulat, Box 5607, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Iceland spar calcite: Humidity and time effects on surface properties and their reversibility2019Ingår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 541, s. 42-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the complex and dynamic nature of calcite surfaces under ambient conditions is important for optimizing industrial applications. It is essential to identify processes, their reversibility, and the relevant properties of CaCO3 solid-liquid and solid-gas interfaces under different environmental conditions, such as at increased relative humidity (RH). This work elucidates changes in surface properties on freshly cleaved calcite (topography, wettability and surface forces) as a function of time (<= 28 h) at controlled humidity (<= 3-95 %RH) and temperature (25.5 degrees C), evaluated with atomic force microscopy (AFM) and contact angle techniques. In the presence of humidity, the wettability decreased, liquid water capillary forces dominated over van der Waals forces, and surface domains, such as hillocks, height about 7.0 angstrom, and trenches, depth about -3.5 angstrom, appeared and grew primarily in lateral dimensions. Hillocks demonstrated lower adhesion and higher deformation in AFM experiments. We propose that the growing surface domains were formed by ion dissolution and diffusion followed by formation of hydrated salt of CaCO3. Upon drying, the height of the hillocks decreased by about 50% suggesting their alteration into dehydrated or less hydrated CaCO3. However, the process was not entirely reversible and crystallization of new domains continued at a reduced rate.

  • 132.
    Wärnheim, Alexander
    et al.
    KTH. RISE Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Toprak, Muhammet
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap.
    Ahniyaz, Anwar
    RISE Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Swerin, Agne
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Biosci & Mat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Abitbol, Tiffany
    RISE Bioecon, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nanocellulose-based hybrid materials for optical applications2019Ingår i: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 257Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 133.
    Yan, Hongji
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Glykovetenskap.
    Chircov, Cristina
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Glykovetenskap.
    Zhong, Xueying
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem.
    Winkeljann, Benjamin
    Tech Univ Munich, Dept Mech Engn, Boltzmannstr 11, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Munich Sch Bioengn, Boltzmannstr 11, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Dobryden, Illia
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Harriet Elisabeth
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH). Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-14183 Huddinge, Sweden..
    Lieleg, Oliver
    Tech Univ Munich, Dept Mech Engn, Boltzmannstr 11, D-85748 Garching, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Munich Sch Bioengn, Boltzmannstr 11, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Hedberg, Yolanda
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Crouzier, Thomas
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Glykovetenskap.
    Reversible Condensation of Mucins into Nanoparticles2018Ingår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 34, nr 45, s. 13615-13625Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mucins are high molar mass glycoproteins that assume an extended conformation and can assemble into mucus hydrogels that protect our mucosal epithelium. In nature, the challenging task of generating a mucus layer, several hundreds of micrometers in thickness, from micrometer-sized cells is elegantly solved by the condensation of mucins inside vesicles and their on-demand release from the cells where they suddenly expand to form the extracellular mucus hydrogel. We aimed to recreate and control the process of compaction for mucins, the first step toward a better understanding of the process and creating biomimetic in vivo delivery strategies of macromolecules. We found that by adding glycerol to the aqueous solvent, we could induce drastic condensation of purified mucin molecules, reducing their size by an order of magnitude down to tens of nanometers in diameter. The condensation effect of glycerol was fully reversible and could be further enhanced and partially stabilized by cationic cross-linkers such as calcium and polylysine. The change of structure of mucins from extended molecules to nano-sized particles in the presence of glycerol translated into macroscopic rheological changes, as illustrated by a dampened shear-thinning effect with increasing glycerol concentration. This work provides new insight into mucin condensation, which could lead to new delivery strategies mimicking cell release of macromolecules condensed in vesicles such as mucins and heparin.

  • 134.
    Yin, Litao
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. University of Science and Technology Beijing.
    FEM Modelling of Micro-galvanic Corrosion in Al Alloys Induced by Intermetallic Particles: Exploration of Chemical and Geometrical Effects2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Localized corrosion, such as pitting, crevice corrosion or galvanic corrosion, is a long-standing phenomenon that can greatly limit the life of metallic materials. For decades experimental methods have been used to try to understand the underlying physical, chemical and electrochemical processes that control localized corrosion in order to find effective protection methods against its propagation. The complexity of the phenomenon and its small geometric size have often severely restricted the basic understanding of local corrosion. In recent decades, computational methods have been developed as an alternative to the experimental methods. Compared to experimental methods, modeling and numerical simulation enable complicated systems to be systematically investigated without considering the inherent constraints of experimental methods.

        In the current Doctoral thesis, advanced calculation methodology has been used to study galvanic corrosion of an aluminum alloy with geometric resolution at micrometer level. The computational platform has been a commercial FEM-based software, COMSOL Multiphysics, which was combined with another software, Matlab. The current model system consists of a semi-spherical intermetallic particle, surrounded by a pure aluminum matrix. The aluminum surface is covered by an inert passive film, except for a ring-shaped surface around the particle itself. By assuming that the particle is electrochemically more noble than aluminum, it acts as a cathode and the surrounding aluminum ring as anode. By utilizing the FEM-based software, it has been possible to incorporate important physicochemical reactions, including the electrochemical anode and cathode reactions of the individual phases, mass transport of various chemical compounds formed during ongoing electrochemistry, homogeneous reactions in the electrolyte, as well as deposition of corrosion products consisting of Al(OH)3 along parts of the anodic area.

        What has made this study a significant step forward is that not only chemical changes but also geometrical changes have been taken into consideration in the simulation of ongoing micro-galvanic corrosion. Particularly challenging has been to mathematically master the gradual deposition of compact Al(OH)3 on an aluminum surface which gradually dissolves anodically. In the initial modeling work, the deposition of Al(OH)3 was assumed to occur only on the electrode surface, resulting in a gradual blockage of surface activity. In an even more advanced stage, the modeling has also sought to simulate the effect of a deposited porous film of Al(OH)3, formed through homogeneous reactions in the electrolyte. By taking into account inhibited diffusion and migration of chemical products that the porous film causes, its sterically inhibiting effect has for the first time been quantitatively interpreted. The porous corrosion product can most closely resemble the lid experimentally observed above local corrosion attacks, which leads to an even more diminished surface activity in electrochemical reactions compared with the deposition of only compact corrosion products on the anode surface.

        The kinetic model has resulted in a significantly deeper insight into the mechanism of micro-galvanic corrosion of the investigated system. The simulation has been shown to predict the time-dependent geometric changes of the anodically dissolved aluminum surface as well as the flow and distribution of generated chemical products. Contrary to the widely accepted perception that Al(OH)3 is not stable in the occluded acidified electrolyte environment, the calculations predict a higher local pH in the occluded electrolyte. This means that insoluble Al(OH)3 can be deposited on the electrode surface, the blocking effect of which may lead to a termination of the micro-galvanic corrosion. If the ring width is initially 0.5 μm or less, transport of OH- ions from the cathode surface to the occluded electrolyte environment is limited, leading to a local acidification within the occluded dissolving volume. At a given anodic ring width, an increased radius of the cathodic particle instead leads to an increased anodic dissolution rate by formation of a larger area for the cathode reaction. Variation of the chemical parameters in the electrolyte also shows that the simulated micro-galvanic corrosion rate of aluminum has a minimum at pH = 6. Both more acidic and more alkaline conditions result in an elevated anodic dissolution of aluminum. When pH ≤ 4, the deposition of Al(OH)3  becomes negligible, and the micro-galvanic corrosion will continue uninterrupted, completely in accordance with experimental data.

  • 135.
    Yin, Litao
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, 30 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Engn Sci Chem Biotechnol & Hlth, Div Surface & Corros Sci, Drottning Kristinas Vag 51, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Li, Wenchao
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, 30 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Yongchao
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, 30 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Jin, Ying
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, 30 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Numerical simulation of micro-galvanic corrosion of Al alloys: Effect of density of Al(OH)(3) precipitate2019Ingår i: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 324, artikel-id UNSP 134847Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work is a further step to develop a finite element model to simulate localized corrosion of aluminum alloys driven by micro-galvanic effects. The focus herein is to explore the effect of density (porosity and tortuosity) of Al(OH)(3) precipitates generated both on the electrode surface and in the liquid phase. Two coupled processes are identified and discussed, both influencing the local pH: the Al3+ dissolution from the electrode surface, and the steric hindrance effects on mass transport of species between the bulk solution and the anolyte next to the corroding surface. With the densest precipitate investigated, Al3+ dissolution is more effectively blocked and the mass transport largely hindered of Al3+ ions leaving the electrode surface. With increasing porosity of the precipitate, Al3+ dissolution is enhanced, also the mass transport of species in the electrolyte. The most severe localized acidification inside the occluded volume occurs when the density, namely ascribed by porosity, of precipitate is at an intermediate level with epsilon(c )= 0.01. In qualitative agreement with experimental observations, this work highlights the importance of corrosion product density on the progress of localized corrosion.

  • 136.
    Yin, Litao
    et al.
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Engn Sci Chem Biotechnol & Hlth, Dept Chem, Div Surface & Corros Sci, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Leygraf, Christofer
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Jin, Ying
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Experimental and Simulation Investigations of Copper Reduction Mechanism with and without Addition of SPS2018Ingår i: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 165, nr 13, s. D604-D611Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotating disk electrode and rotating ring-disk electrode were used to investigate the mechanism of copper reduction and the influence of convection on the effect of Bis-3-sodiumsulfopropyl disulfide (SPS), a widely used accelerator in copper via-filling and copper foil manufacturing. The experimental results show that the commonly accepted single electron transfer for copper reduction is dominating in the low overpotential range, whereas the double electron transfer is also involved in the high overpotential range. SPS was found to exhibit a weak inhibition effect even with Cl- ion in the solution under strong convection, and generate more intermediates in the solution with both Cl- ion and SPS than with Cl- ion alone. Based on the experimental observations, a reaction model for copper reduction considering competition between the single electron transfer and the double electron transfer, as well as desorption and runoff of generated Cu+-containing intermediates, was proposed and used for finite element method modeling. The simulation results enable quantitative description of the proportion of the two charge transfer reactions and the runoff of the intermediates, providing guidelines for selecting the additives and plating conditions in industrial manufacturing. 

  • 137.
    Yoder, Mikayla A.
    et al.
    Univ Illinois, Sch Chem Sci, Urbana, IL 61801 USA.;Univ Illinois, Frederick Seitz Mat Res Lab, Urbana, IL 61801 USA.;Univ Illinois, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Urbana, IL 61801 USA..
    Yan, Zheng
    Univ Missouri, Dept Chem Engn, Columbia, MO 65211 USA.;Univ Missouri, Dept Mech & Aerosp Engn, Columbia, MO 65211 USA..
    Han, Mengdi
    Northwestern Univ, Ctr Biointegrated Elect, Evanston, IL 60208 USA..
    Rogers, John A.
    Univ Illinois, Frederick Seitz Mat Res Lab, Urbana, IL 61801 USA.;Univ Illinois, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Urbana, IL 61801 USA.;Northwestern Univ, Ctr Biointegrated Elect, Evanston, IL 60208 USA..
    Nuzzo, Ralph G.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Semiconductor Nanomembrane Materials for High-Performance Soft Electronic Devices2018Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 140, nr 29, s. 9001-9019Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of methods to synthesize and physically manipulate extremely thin, single-crystalline inorganic semiconductor materials, so-called nano membranes, has led to an almost explosive growth of research worldwide into uniquely enabled opportunities for their use in new "soft" and other unconventional form factors for high-performance electronics. The unique properties that nanomembranes afford, such as their flexibility and lightweight characteristics, allow them to be integrated into electronic and optoelectronic devices that, in turn, adopt these unique attributes. For example, nanomembrane devices are able to make conformal contact to curvilinear surfaces and manipulate strain to induce the self-assembly of various 3D nano/micro device architectures. Further, thin semiconductor materials (e.g., Si-nanomembranes, transition metal dichalcogenides, and phosphorene) are subject to the impacts of quantum and other size-dependent effects that in turn enable the manipulation of their bandgaps and the properties of electronic and optoelectronic devices fabricated from them. In this Perspective, nanomembrane synthesis techniques and exemplary applications of their use are examined. We specifically describe nanomembrane chemistry exploiting high-performance materials, along with precise/high-throughput techniques for their manipulation that exemplify their growing capacities to shape outcomes in technology. Prominent challenges in the chemistry of these materials are presented along with future directions that might guide the development of next generation nanomembrane-based devices.

  • 138.
    Zander, Thomas
    et al.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Ctr Mat & Costal Res, Inst Mat Res, Max Planck Str 1, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany..
    Wieland, D. C. Florian
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Ctr Mat & Costal Res, Inst Mat Res, Max Planck Str 1, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany..
    Raj, Akanksha
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Salmen, Paul
    TU Dortmund, DELTA, Fak Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Dogan, Susanne
    TU Dortmund, DELTA, Fak Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany..
    Dédinaité, Andra
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Garamus, Vasil M.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Ctr Mat & Costal Res, Inst Mat Res, Max Planck Str 1, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany..
    Schreyer, Andreas
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Ctr Mat & Costal Res, Inst Mat Res, Max Planck Str 1, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany..
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Biosci & Mat, SE-11486 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Willumeit-Roemer, Regine
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Ctr Mat & Costal Res, Inst Mat Res, Max Planck Str 1, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany..
    Influence of high hydrostatic pressure on solid supported DPPC bilayers with hyaluronan in the presence of Ca2+ ions2019Ingår i: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 15, nr 36, s. 7295-7304Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The molecular mechanisms responsible for outstanding lubrication of natural systems, like articular joints, have been the focus of scientific research for several decades. One essential aspect is the lubrication under pressure, where it is important to understand how the lubricating entities adapt under dynamic working conditions in order to fulfill their function. We made a structural investigation of a model system consisting of two of the molecules present at the cartilage interface, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and hyaluronan, at high hydrostatic pressure. Phospholipid layers are found at the cartilage surfaces and are able to considerably reduce friction. Their behavior under load and varied solution conditions is important as pressures of 180 bar are encountered during daily life activities. We focus on how divalent ions, like Ca2+, affect the interaction between DPPC and hyaluronan, as other investigations have indicated that calcium ions influence their interaction. It could be shown that already low amounts of Ca2+ strongly influence the interaction of hyaluronan with DPPC. Our results suggest that the calcium ions increase the amount of adsorbed hyaluronan indicating an increased electrostatic interaction. Most importantly, we observe a modification of the DPPC phase diagram as hyaluronan absorbs to the bilayer which results in an L-alpha-like structure at low temperatures and a decoupling of the leaflets forming an asymmetric bilayer structure.

  • 139.
    Zhang, Fan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Chen, Chengdong
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Hou, R.
    Li, Jing
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Cao, Yanhui
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Dong, S.
    Lin, C.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Investigation and application of mussel adhesive protein nanocomposite film-forming inhibitor for reinforced concrete engineering2019Ingår i: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 153, s. 333-340Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A mussel adhesive protein based nanocomposite thin film was produced to be applied as surface pre-treatment or primer on rebars of reinforced concrete. The film deposition and drying processes were investigated to enhance the corrosion protection, and facilitate large-scale industrial applications. The morphology, chemical composition and microstructure of the film were characterised with SEM, EDS, Micro-IR and AFM techniques. EIS results suggested the film provides excellent and increased corrosion protection for the carbon steel in mild and extreme concrete pore solutions. In-situ AFM results demonstrated the self-healing ability of the film to the pitting corrosion.

  • 140.
    Zhang, Fan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Recent Development of Corrosion Protection Strategy Based on Mussel Adhesive Protein2019Ingår i: FRONTIERS IN MATERIALS, ISSN 2296-8016, Vol. 6, artikel-id 207Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many of traditional anti-corrosion approaches using chromate are effective but hazardous to natural environment and human health, so development of green and effective alternatives is desirable. One of the mussel adhesive proteins derived from mussel byssus presents extraordinary adhesion to steel surface and exhibits film-forming and corrosion inhibition properties. Novel strategies for enhancing the corrosion inhibition of steel by the protein have been demonstrated recently. The protein together with ceria nanoparticles presents a great potential for the development of new corrosion inhibitors and thin films that are "green" and "effective," and have "smart" protection properties.

  • 141.
    Zhang, Xian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. Wuhan Univ Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Refractory Mat & Met, Hubei Prov Key Lab Syst Sci Met Proc, Int Res Inst Steel Technol, Wuhan 430081, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Atmospheric corrosion of Zn-Al coatings in a simulated automotive environment2018Ingår i: Surface Engineering, ISSN 0267-0844, E-ISSN 1743-2944, Vol. 34, nr 9, s. 641-648Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Accelerated NVDA (VDA 233-102) tests were performed on bare Zn and Al sheets, Galfan coating (Zn-5 wt-% Al) and Galvalume coating (Zn-55 wt-% Al) on steel. ZnO, Zn(OH)(2) and Zn-5(OH)(8)Cl-2 center dot H2O were the main corrosion products identified on both bare Zn sheet and Galfan. AlOOH and Al(OH)(3) were preferentially formed on bare Al sheet and Galvalume. In addition, Zn-Al-containing corrosion products, Zn6Al2(OH)(16)CO3 center dot 4H(2)O and/or Zn2Al(OH)(6)Cl center dot 2H(2)O were identified on both Galfan and Galvalume. Corrosion products of Zn6Al2(OH)(16)CO3 center dot 4H(2)O with a platelet morphology were preferentially formed in the zinc-rich interdendritic regions of the Galvalume surface. Galfan revealed a similar corrosion behaviour as bare Zn sheet, whereas Galvalume exhibited similar behaviour as bare Al sheet. Deposition of chlorides highly influenced the corrosion of both Galvalume and Al rather than Galfan and Zn due to the rapid local damage of the compact native thin film of Al2O3.

  • 142.
    Zhao, Weijie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Johnson, C. Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Nano Infrared Microscopy: Obtaining Chemical Information on the Nanoscale in Corrosion Studies2019Ingår i: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 166, nr 11, s. C3456-C3460Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this perspective article, the novel technique "nano infrared microscopy" is introduced as a valuable tool in the field of corrosion science to obtain chemical information with a spatial resolution of around 10 nm. Accordingly, the resolution is well below the diffraction limit, in contrast to conventional vibrational microscopy techniques. Thus, studies of corrosion initiation, localized corrosion, and thin protective films can be performed in greater detail than before. There are a few different types of nano infrared microscopes, but they all have in common that they are based on a combination of infrared (IR) spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). In this article the theory of the different techniques is discussed, and some results are highlighted to show the ability of the technique in the field of corrosion science. Future possibilities of the technique in studies of corrosion and degradation of materials are also discussed. 

  • 143.
    Zhou, Nian
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Surface integrity and corrosion behavior of stainless steels after grinding operations2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Stainless steels are widely used in applications where both the mechanical properties of steels and high corrosion resistance are required. There is continuous research to enable stainless steel components to be produced in a more economical way and be used in more harsh environments. A way to achieve this is to correlate the service performance with the production processes.

    The central theme of this thesis is surface integrity and corrosion, especially the stress corrosion cracking behavior, after grinding processes. Controlled grinding parameters, including abrasive grit size, machine power and grinding lubricant, were used and the resulting surface properties studied for austenitic 304L and duplex 2304 stainless steels. The abrasive grit size effect was found to have a larger influence. Surface defects, a highly deformed surface layer and the generation of a high level surface tensile residual stresses along the grinding direction were observed as the main types of damage. 

    The effect of grinding on stress corrosion cracking behavior of austenitic 304L, ferritic 4509 and duplex 2304 stainless steels in chloride-containing environments was also investigated.  The abrasive grit size effect on corrosion behavior for the three grades was compared. Grinding-induced surface tensile residual stress was suggested as the main factor to cause micro-cracks on the ground surface for 304L and 2304; for 4509, grinding-induced grain fragmentation was considered as the main factor for the initiation of extensive micro-pits. For duplex 2304, the microstructure and micro-notches in the as-ground surface also had significant influence. Depending on the surface conditions, the actual loading by four-point bending was found to deviate from the calculated value using the formula according to ASTM G39 by different amounts. The knowledge obtained from this work can provide guidance for choosing appropriate stainless steel grades and grinding parameters; and can also be used to help understanding the failure mechanism of ground stainless steel components during service.

  • 144.
    Zhou, Nian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Pettersson, Rachel
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Schönning, Mikael
    Lin Peng, Ru
    Influence of surface grinding on corrosion behavior of ferritic stainless steels in boiling magnesium chloride solution2018Ingår i: Materials and corrosion - Werkstoffe und Korrosion, ISSN 0947-5117, E-ISSN 1521-4176Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of grinding operations on surface properties and corrosion behavior of a ferritic stainless steel (FSS), EN 1.4509, has been investigated and limited comparisons also made to the grade EN 1.4622. Surface grinding was performed along the rolling direction of the material. Corrosion tests were conducted in boiling magnesium chloride solution according to ASTM G36; specimens were exposed both without external loading and under four‐point bend loading. The surface topography and cross‐section microstructure before and after exposure were investigated, and residual stresses were measured on selected specimens before and after corrosion tests using X‐ray diffraction. In addition, in situ surface stress measurements were performed to evaluate the actual surface stresses of specimens subject to four‐point bend loading according to ASTM G39. Micro‐pits showing branched morphology initiated from the highly deformed ground surface layer which contained fragmented grains, were observed for all the ground specimens but not those in the as‐delivered condition. Grain boundaries under the surface layer appeared to hinder the corrosion process. No macro‐cracking was found on any specimen after exposure even at high calculated applied loads.

  • 145.
    Örnek, Cem
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Additive manufacturing–a general corrosion perspective2018Ingår i: Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, ISSN 1478-422X, E-ISSN 1743-2782, Vol. 53, nr 7, s. 531-535Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Metallic additive manufacturing will replace some materials produced by conventional fabrication methods in the nearest future. However, corrosion will remain an important aspect needed to be prevented. The corrosion behaviour of additively manufactured alloys has been sparsely studied and very little work has been published so far. In this article, a general discussion about materials produced by additive manufacturing will be provided. 

  • 146.
    Örnek, Cem
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Engn Sci Chem Biotechnol & Hlth, Div Surface & Corros Sci, Drottning Kristinas Vag 51, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stress Corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen Embrittlement of Type 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel Beneath MgCl2 and MgCl2: FeCl3 Droplets2019Ingår i: Corrosion, ISSN 0010-9312, E-ISSN 1938-159X, Vol. 75, nr 6, s. 657-667Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The atmospheric corrosion, as well as environmentally assisted cracking behavior of 316L austenitic stainless steel (UNS S31603) beneath MgCl2 and MgCl2: FeCl3 droplets under elastic and elastic-plastic strain exposed for 6 months at 50 degrees C and 30% relative humidity were investigated. Shallow and deep corrosion sites with filiform corrosion along with stress corrosion cracking (SCC) were formed beneath the salt-laden droplets, and the potential role of hydrogen embrittlement (HE) and crevice corrosion in damage evolution elucidated. Elastic strain (0.1%) was sufficient to cause SCC cracking as well as HE under droplets with 145 mu g/cmth> of chloride, with the severity of cracking increasing with increasing chloride deposition density (CDD). Elastic-plastic strain (0.2%) increased the propensity to both corrosion and SCC/HE, with cracks seen under droplets having CDD as low as 14.5 mu g/cm(2). Elastic-plastic strain was further seen to facilitate and accelerate pitting corrosion, leading to pits with more penetration depth. The extent of corrosion and cracking increases with increasing chloride deposition density, with ferric ions having more severe effect, in particular promoting localized corrosion with multiple nucleation sites. The work reported here was brought into a larger context of stainless steel corrosion and discussed in light of better understanding atmospheric corrosion of structural components such as nuclear waste storage containers.

  • 147.
    Örnek, Cem
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Engelberg, D. L.
    Univ Manchester, Corros & Protect Ctr, Sackville St, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.;Univ Manchester, Mat Performance Ctr, Sch Mat, Sackville St, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England..
    Toward Understanding the Effects of Strain and Chloride Deposition Density on Atmospheric Chloride-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Type 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel Under MgCl2 and FeCl3:MgCl2 Droplets2019Ingår i: Corrosion, ISSN 0010-9312, E-ISSN 1938-159X, Vol. 75, nr 2, s. 167-182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Type 304 (UNS S30400) austenitic stainless steel was exposed for 6 months under elastic (0.1%) and elastic/plastic (0.2%) strain to MgCl2 and mixed MgCl2:FeCl3 droplets with varying chloride deposition densities (1.5 mu g/cm(2)-1,500 mu g/cm(2)) at 30% relative humidity (RH) and 50 degrees C. The occurrence of pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, atmospheric chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking (AISCC), and hydrogen embrittlement (HE) was observed, and the average crack growth rates estimated. Exposure to elastic/plastic strain resulted in longer and more severe cracks. AISCC was found at chloride deposition densities down to 14.5 mu g/cm(2), whereas no cracks were seen at lower deposition densities, with cracks developing at pit or crevice corrosion sites. More severe cracks were seen under MgCl2 droplets as contrasted to mixed MgCl2:FeCl3 salt droplets, which were seen to promote more localized corrosion sites with deeper penetration and in conjunction with shorter crack lengths. Differences in AISCC propagation rates and associated crack morphologies are discussed in relation to understanding long-term atmospheric corrosion exposures.

  • 148.
    Örnek, Cem
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Leygraf, Christofer
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    On the Volta potential measured by SKPFM - fundamental and practical pects with relevance to corrosion science2019Ingår i: Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, ISSN 1478-422X, E-ISSN 1743-2782, Vol. 54, nr 3, s. 185-198Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Volta potential is an electron-sensitive parameter and describes the ermodynamic propensity of a metal to take part in electrochemical actions. It has found widespread acceptance among corrosion searchers due to its connection to the corrosion potential and its sy measurability in local scale, being often used to study localised rrosion phenomena and micro-galvanic activities. The principle object this paper is to provide a comprehensive, fundamental insight into e meaning of the Volta potential and to define a polarity convention measured potentials by the scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy KPFM) in order to assess local nobilities in microstructures. nditions to relate the Volta potential with the mixed-potential theory e discussed and a possible connection to corrosion phenomena plained. The limitations of the Volta potential as well as the SKPFM chnique are also aimed to be explained, with some practical formation to maximise the output of high quality data.

  • 149.
    Örnek, Cem
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Passive film characterisation of duplex stainless steel using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy in combination with electrochemical measurements2019Ingår i: npJ Materials Degradation, ISSN 2397-2106, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The characterisation of passive oxide films on heterogeneous microstructures is needed to assess local degradation (corrosion, cracking) in aggressive environments. The Volta potential is a surface-sensitive parameter which can be used to assess the surface nobility and hence passive films. In this work, it is shown that the Volta potential, measured on super duplex stainless steel by scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy, correlates with the electrochemical properties of the passive film, measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarisation. Natural oxidation by ageing in ambient air as well as artificial oxidation by immersion in concentrated nitric acid improved the nobility, both reflected by increased Volta potentials and electrochemical parameters. Passivation was associated with vanishing of the inherent Volta potential difference between the ferrite and austenite, thereby reducing the galvanic coupling and hence improving the corrosion resistance of the material. Hydrogen-passive film interactions, triggered by cathodic polarisation, however, largely increased the Volta potential difference between the phases, resulting in loss of electrochemical nobility, with the ferrite being more affected than the austenite. A correlative approach of using the Volta potential in conjunction with electrochemical data has been introduced to characterise the nobility of passive films in global and local scale.

  • 150.
    Örnek, Cem
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap. Swerea KIMAB AB, Isafjordsgatan 28A, Kista, 164 40, Sweden.
    Liu, Min
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Xueyuan Rd 30, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Pan, Ying
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Jin, Y.
    Univ Sci & Technol Beijing, Natl Ctr Mat Serv Safety, Xueyuan Rd 30, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China..
    Leygraf, Christopher
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.
    Volta Potential Evolution of Intermetallics in Aluminum Alloy Microstructure Under Thin Aqueous Adlayers: A combined DFT and Experimental Study2018Ingår i: Topics in catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, E-ISSN 1572-9028, Vol. 61, nr 9-11, s. 1169-1182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, first-principle density functional theory (DFT) was used to calculate the work function and Volta potential differences between aluminum alloy matrix and two intermetallic phases (Mg2Si and Al2Cu) with varying surface terminations as a function of adhering monolayers (ML) of water. The calculated data were compared with experimental local Volta potential data obtained by the scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM) on a commercial aluminum alloy AA6063-T5 in atmospheric environments with varying relative humidity (RH). The calculations suggest that the surface termination has a major effect on the magnitude and polarity of the Volta potential of both intermetallic phases (IMP's). The Volta potential difference between the IMP's and the aluminum matrix decreases when the surface is gradually covered by water molecules, and may further change as a function of adhering ML's of water. This can lead to nobility inversions of the IMP's relative to the aluminum matrix. The measured Volta potential difference between both IMP's and their neighboring matrix is dependent on RH. Natural oxidation in ambient indoor air for 2 months led to a nobility inversion of the IMP's with respect to the aluminum matrix, with the intermetallics showing anodic nature already in dry condition. The anodic nature of Al2Cu remained with the introduction of RH, whereas Mg2Si became cathodic at high RH, presumably due to de-alloying of Mg and oxide dissolution. The DFT calculations predicted an anodic character of both IMP's in reference to the oxidized aluminum matrix, being in good agreement with the SKPFM data. The DFT and SKPFM data were discussed in light of understanding localized corrosion of aluminum alloys under conditions akin to atmospheric exposure.

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