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  • 151.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    Visionen om outtömlig energi: Bridreaktorn i svensk kärnkraftshistoria 1945–802010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast breeder is a type of nuclear reactor that aroused much attention in the 1950s and 60s. Its ability to produce more nuclear fuel than it consumes offered promises of cheap and reliable energy, and thereby connected it to utopian ideas about an eternal supply of energy.  Furthermore, the ideas of breeder reactors were a vital part of the post-war visions about the nuclear future.

     

    This dissertation investigates the plans for breeder reactors in Sweden, connecting them to the contemporary development of nuclear power with heavy or light water and the discussions of nuclear weapons, as well as to the general visions of a prosperous technological future. The history of the Swedish breeder reactor is traced from high hopes in the beginning, via the fiasco of the Swedish heavy water program, partly focusing on the activities at the company AB Atomenergi and investigating how it planned and argued for its breeder program and how this was received by the politicians. The story continues into the intensive environmental movement in the 1970s, ending with the Swedish referendum on nuclear energy in 1980, which can be seen as the final point for the Swedish breeder. The thesis discusses how the nuclear breeder reactor was transformed from an argument for nuclear power to an argument against it. The breeder began as a part of the vision of a society with abundant energy, but was later seen as a threat against the new sustainable world.

     

    The nuclear breeder reactor is an example of a technological vision that did not meet its industrial expectations. But that does not prevent the fact that breeder was an influential technology in an age where import decisions about nuclear energy were made. The thesis argues that important decisions about the contemporary reactors were taken with the idea that they in a foreseeable future would be replaced with the efficient breeder. And the last word on the breeder reactor is not said – today, reactor engineers around the world are showing a renewed interest in this elusive reactor type.

  • 152.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Why did the Breeder Reactor Fail?: Swedish and international nuclear development in a cold war context2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the visions about nuclear breeder reactors, plans set out in the aftermath of World War II. This seemed like the ideal solution for future energy, and even small countries, as Sweden, launched breeder reactor programs. The breeder reactor never reached industrial development, interestingly; however, different countries cancelled their breeder project at different times. In this article, in addition to discussing why breeder reactors failed generally, I also suggest possible explanations for the differences in when the reactors failed, particularly between Europe and the United States. Though the breeder reactor never fulfilled its promises, it is an interesting example about the complex mechanisms behind technological development. It tells us a story about a technological failure that is not simple, but must be understood in a social, economical and political context.

  • 153.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Winds of time: Lessons from Utö in the Stockholm Archipelago, 1990-20012013In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 62, p. 124-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When investigating the success or failure of different wind power projects, it is essential to take into account how they were historically situated. This study focuses on attempts to develop wind power in an archipelago setting, at Utö in Sweden. It has been argued that the development of Swedish wind power slowed during the 1990s; by revisiting the early days of wind power, looking at resistance and support, and connecting success factors, this can be further investigated.

    Whereas earlier research pointed out institutional conditions and site-specific conditions as crucial for successful wind power development and acceptance, the picture can be made more complete by discussing how wind power projects are affected by time-specific historical conditions. In the case of Utö, these can partly be associated with a newly launched political support program that gave the project political legitimacy and added a “pioneering spirit” to the endeavor. Conversely, when wind power is not seen as “pioneering” or “experimental” any more, but as a mere industrial activity, other incentives may need to be offered to municipalities.

  • 154.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Jonter, Thomas
    SU, Ekhist.
    Between Welfare and Warfare: The Rise and Fall of the ‘Swedish Line’ in Nuclear Engineering2010In: Science for welfare and warfare: technology and state initiative in cold war Sweden / [ed] Lundin, Per, Stenlås, Niklas & Gribbe, Johan, Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Jonter, Thomas
    SU, ekhist.
    The Rise of the Nuclear System of Innovation in Sweden2008Report (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Jonter, Thomas
    SU.
    The Rise of the Nuclear System of Innovation in Sweden, 1945-19702007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Fjæstad, Maja
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Åberg, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Geopolitics of Energy: Swedish International Dependencies in a Historical Perspective2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A metaphor that is often used to describe energy supply is that of a nation’s blood circulation. Indeed, a permanent interruption in the supply of energy would be lethal to any society. Sweden – a neutral country in cold war Europe – belongs to those countries that are, and have been, very strongly dependent on imports of energy, and this implies a special vulnerability. Today two imported energy carriers – oil and uranium – each covers some 30 % of the total.

    Sweden is of course not alone in its dependence on imported fuels. The world’s energy resources are unevenly distributed, and since the mid 19th century the pursuit of coal, oil, gas and uranium has been an important constituent of international politics and economics. The strongest nations have used economical, political and if necessary military means to control energy sources in far away territories in order to secure their energy supplies at home. This is often referred to as the geopolitics of energy, and there has been quite some research about it. There has been much less research on how small nations have tried to handle their dependencies on far away countries using “soft” means rather than “hard” ones. By studying how Sweden has done this we hope to contribute to an understanding of the geopolitics of energy of small nations.

    We will focus at which actors and which motives that have been central in these decisions and whether it is possible to identify a distinct but evolving ‘Swedish model’ in actors’ attempts to deal with vulnerabilities stemming from energy import dependence, and if this model has applied to the energy system as a whole, i.e. the same model has applied to all types of fuels.

  • 158.
    Fors, Hjalmar
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    "Away! Away to Falun!" J. G. Gahn and the Application of Enlightenment Chemistry to Smelting2009In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 549-568Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 159.
    Fors, Hjalmar
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Stepping through Science's Door: C. W. Scheele, from Pharmacist's Apprentice to Man of Science2008In: Ambix, ISSN 0002-6980, E-ISSN 1745-8234, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 29-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This reinterpretation of Carl Wilhelm Scheele's (1742-86) early life and career analyses the social interplay between Scheele and other chemists who were active in eighteenth-century Sweden. It is argued that Scheele, a rather lowly journeyman working in peripheral pharmacies, had to work hard and traverse several geographical and social boundaries to gain a foothold in the scientific community. Eventually, Scheele's skilful analysis of the mineral magnesia nigra would establish him as one of the pivotal Swedish chemists. However, this happened only after Scheele had managed to prove himself as a knowledgeable chemist who did not threaten the authority of certain socially superior colleagues. When Scheele had gained a place in the scientific community, the exchange logic of the eighteenth-century republic of letters permitted him to trade experimental results for other kinds of resources. Hence, he gained in both social status, economic prosperity and scientific prominence in a relatively short time.

  • 160.
    Frigotto, Laura
    et al.
    Trento University, Italy.
    Larsen, Katarina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Nobel Prizes as breakthrough innovators2012In: Sunbelt Conference, arranged by INSNA - International Network for Social Network Analysis, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 161. Granér, Staffan
    et al.
    Kander, Astrid
    Lundgren, Lars J.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    HT Forum: Miljöns historia2011In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 131, no 1, p. 64-84Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 162.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Att modellera slagfältet: Tidig databehandling vid FOA, 1954–66: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 15 oktober 20072007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar ”Att modellera slagfältet” [Modelling the battlefield] was held at The National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm on 15 October 2007 and was led by Magnus Hagwall. Different aspects of the early use of electronic computers to analyze and study military problems at the National Defence Research Establishment (FOA) were discussed at the seminar, particularly the use of computers to carry out simulations of combat scenarios and weapons effects against different targets. Special attention was paid to the time period from 1954, when the introduction of BESK first made computer simulations possible, to 1966 when the IBM 7090 mainframe computer at FOA was replaced. Operations research provided new problems for computer programming. The design of computer models for submarine hunt, armored combat and ground-to-air combat developed at FOA in the late 1950s and 1960s were discussed at the seminar. Other problems brought up were the development of computer models to study the effects of artillery shells against airplanes and armored tanks. The use of FORTRAN to develop programs for IBM 709 and IBM 7090 was described. The design of the information handling system CORSAIR was touched upon. Moreover, the seminar discussed the use of IBM 7090 mainframe computers to develop programs for meteorological analysis. The critical importance of fast input and output facilities for meteorological applications was underlined. Finally, the reliability of large computer models to study battle-field scenarios was debated.

  • 163.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Controlling the Battlefield: Computing and Operational Command in the Swedish Armed Forces, 1966-19892011In: History of nordic computing 3, 2011, p. 22-27Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 1960s, the Swedish Defence Staff initiated the development of a computerized command and control system that was later to be known as the LEO-system. From the mid-1970s to 1989, more than two hundred million SEK were spent on the project, which involved private computer consultants and with military staff officers acting as project leaders and customers. In the end, however, only the intelligence application was introduced and put into operational use in the Swedish intelligence service during the 1990s. This paper will tell the story of the LEO-system and outline some of the reasons behind its failure. It is based on a witness seminar held at the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters in Stockholm on January 15, 2008.

  • 164.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    LEO: Databehandling och operativ ledning inom försvaret, 1972-89: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Högkvarteret i Stockholm den 15 januari 20082008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar ”LEO: Computing and Operational Command in the Swedish Armed Forces, 1972–89” was held at the Armed Forces Headquarter in Stockholm on 15 January 2008 and was led by Göran Tode. During the seminar, the development of the computerized command system LEO was discussed. After a major reorganisation of command structure in the late 1960s, the defence staff decided to develop a computerized command system to help central and regional headquarters conduct wartime operations. Each headquarter was to have one terminal system, with a number of work stations, containing information about all aspects of the battlefield. Information about friendly and enemy forces, fuel and ammunition supplies was to be stored in a central data base and a secure messaging system was to provide fast and reliable communications. Additional applications were developed to handle computations and simulations of transports and mobilization. Different aspects of this development were discussed at the seminar. Limitations in computer graphics and presentation technology was observed as a major technological problem in the early phase of the project. Other problems brought up concerned the considerable passive resistence from users and senior commanders, when new computer technology was introduced in old organizational structures. In addition to this, security started to emerge as a critical problem in the early 1980s when highly classified information about war plans, communications and intelligence were concentrated into a single computer system. Measures to control access of information in the system and to guarantee electronic security were discussed and debated. Moreover, the decision in 1979 to purchase mainframe computers from Norsk Data was covered at the seminar. The development of tools and methodology for COBOL programming was mentioned. Finally, the implementation of the system in central and regional staff headquarters in the late 1980s was also discussed.

  • 165.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    NIBS: Utvecklingen av Näckens informationsbehandlingssystem, 1966-82: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 14 januari 20082008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar ”NIBS: The Development of the Näcken Information Handling System, 1966–82” was held at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm on 14 January 2008 and was led by Nils Bruzelius. During the seminar, the development of the computerized command and control system of the Näcken-class submarines was discussed. A major feature of the system was the computerization of the calculation of target data, which made possible the automatic and simultaneous tracking and monitoring of ten different targets. Different aspects of this development were covered at the seminar, in particular the development of mathematical models for target calculation. The computing algorithm was formulated by researchers at FOA, and implemented in close cooperation with consultants from Teleplan. Moreover, the computerization of other systems related to the handling and controlling of the submarine, a task carried out by Kockums in Karlskrona, was discussed. The critical importance of digital computing in the magnetic mine protection system was underlined. In purchasing the computer system, separate technical specifications for hardware and computer software was formulated. The role of government intervention in the purchase of the central computer was discussed and debated. Finally, the technical and tactical testing of the submarine system was covered, with special emphasis on the computerized information handling systems.

  • 166.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Stril 60: Teknik, vetenskap och svensk säkerhetspolitik under det kalla kriget2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis presents a historical study of the development of the semi-automatic control and reporting system Stril 60 for the Swedish air force during the 1950s. The theoretical points of reference are taken from a literature on socio-technological systems combined with models of social networks and their importance to the development of society.  In a wider and more general sense, the thesis also deals with the Swedish policy of neutrality during the cold war which is investigated from a history of science and technology perspective. Through an investigation of the establishment of the system, informal networks within the public administration which have contributed to the shaping of Swedish security policy beyond the official government rhetoric are reconstructed. The policy of neutrality gave rise to complicated and often informal structures of decision-making, especially concerning military relations with the western powers. Considerations and decisions which did not give rise to ordinary archive material, sometimes have left technological footprints which has made it possible to uncover important dimensions of the Swedish policy of neutrality through studying the military systems, their planning and actual structure. While official foreign policy aimed at creating an official image of Sweden and Swedish territory as a political and strategic free zone in the cold war, defense policy originated from the opposite scenario, namely that the possibilities not to take part in a new war in Europe was small and that the only possibility to escape defeat and occupation was to receive help from the western powers, which set the rules for Swedish war planning and military system building during the period.

  • 167.
    Gribbe, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Tidig flygradar: Transkript av ett vittnesseminarium vid Tekniska museet i Stockholm den 15 april 20082008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The witness seminar “Tidig flygradar” [Early airborne radar] was held at Tekniska museet [the National Museum of Science and Technology] in Stockholm on 15 April 2008 and was led by Gunnar Lindqvist. During the seminar, the development and use of airborne radar systems in the Swedish air force during the 1950s and 1960s was discussed and debated. The use of airborne radar in the night fighters Mosquito and Venom, and its impact on fighter tactics, was covered in detail. The technical collaboration between the French electronics firm CSF, the radar division of the Royal Swedish Air Board and LM Ericsson was underlined as a crucial factor behind the successful introduction of the first Swedish built radar systems in the strike and night fighter versions of Lansen. Development of the Lead collision course fire control system, and integration between radar and guided missiles, were critical undertakings in the development of airborne radar systems in the first Swedish supersonic fighter Draken. The subsequent efforts to modify the radar systems to counter electronic jamming were touched upon. Finally, the development of the PS-37 radar, developed in collaboration between the Royal Swedish Air Board and LM Ericsson for use in the strike version of Viggen, was covered in detail.

  • 168.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Andreas, Pemer
    Tre turbulenta decennier 1980 - 2010: Rapsodi från Stockholms bygg- och fastighetsvärld2011In: Murmestare embetet i Stockholm, årsskrift med matrikel, ISSN 1402-8107, Vol. 525, p. 23-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Gullberg, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Pettersson, R
    Bergman, B
    Den hållbara staden: Stockholm som exempel2005In: Stockholm: Den växande staden, Samfundet St Erik , 2005, p. 70-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 170.
    Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Larsen, Katarina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Climate change scenarios and behavioural change: Navigating between heuristics of deliberative planning processes and astroturfing2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In constructing normative scenarios images of the future are generated illustrating potential ways of living, travelling and consuming products and services where certain goals such as a reduced climate impact are fulfilled (Börjeson et al, 2006; Myers and Kitsuse, 2000). This paper analyses the sustainability framing of behavioural changes in such normative scenarios (Larsen and Höjer, 2007) and how it relates to the participatory processes used to generate the scenarios. We discuss this building on concepts of deliberative planning processes as a means to achieve legitimate, effective and sustainable futures (Connelly and Richardson, forthcoming; Hendriks et al., 2007). The theoretical arguments are combined with examples from environmental scenario construction in practice (Carlsson-Kanyama et al., 2003, Dreborg et al., forthcoming). This illustrates fields of tension arising when either sustainability or process values are veneering goals of a scenario making process. When focus is on content values such as reduced climate impact, the process values might be depreciated. On the other hand, when focus is on process values such as legitimacy, content sustainability and possibilities for actual change might be downgraded.

  • 171.
    Hakkarainen, Petri
    et al.
    Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam, Germany..
    Fjæstad, Maja
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Diverging Nuclear Energy Paths: Swedish and Finnish Reactions to the Energiewende2012In: RELP - A Journal of Renewable Energy Law and Policy, ISSN 1869-4942, no 4, p. 234-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden and Finland, consideration of the German Energiewende is often reduced to the nuclear phase-out decision. It is precisely in the field of nuclear energy that the two Nordic countries and Germany have ended on different paths. This article charts the historical development of nuclear power in both Sweden and Finland in order to explain why they did not follow Germany in its post-Fukushima decision and whether changes in their respective positions are to be expected.

  • 172.
    Hallonsten, Olof
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201). Lund University, Sweden .
    Growing Big Science in a Small Country: MAX-lab and the Swedish Research Policy System2011In: Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, ISSN 1939-1811, E-ISSN 1939-182X, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 179-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MAX-lab is a Swedish national synchrotron radiation facility, first established as a small-scale university project in the late 1970s and then gradually developed into a national and international user facility. This article presents a historical study of MAXlab that illustrates the decentralized character of the Swedish science policy system and especially its lack of aggregation mechanisms for strategically important initiatives such as the establishment of large research infrastructures. The dominating university sector and the absence of strong central governance structures have made Swedish science policy pluralistic, driven from the bottom up, and decentralized. The genesis and development of MAX-lab, while remarkable when compared to other such facilities internationally, is symptomatically Swedish-it has grown from the bottom up and step by step, and thereby managed to become a respected national and international user facility despite unfavorable conditions. The patchy funding model and the lack of coherent policymaking has led to underfunding and an opaque organizational structure, but MAX-lab and its users have nonetheless been of high quality. This article argues that the determination, patience, adaptivity, and, to some extent, ingenuity of the people involved in MAX-lab have compensated for systemic shortcomings and enabled the laboratory to succeed despite the unfavorable conditions.

  • 173.
    Hallonsten, Olof
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Hugander, Olof
    Supporting ‘future research leaders’ in Sweden: Institutional isomorphism and inadvertent funding agglomeration2014In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 249-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most recent fashion in the policy-level promotion of excellence in academic research seems to be the launching of funding programs directed to young and promising (postdoc level) researchers with the purpose of assisting them in establishing their own research profile at this allegedly crucial and fragile career stage. In the Swedish public research funding system, which is rather diversified and also quite recently has been recast, a number of such programs have been launched in recent years by public and private actors alike, all with the stated ambition of providing funding to those typically in lack of the same. In this article, we discuss the rather striking uniformity of these programs on the basis of the concept of institutional isomorphism from neoinstitutional theory, which is a powerful conceptual tool with capacity to explain why organizations in the same field grow alike in their practices despite preconditions that would suggest otherwise. Analyzing qualitatively the stated purposes of the programs and the discursive shift that accompanies them in policy, and analyzing quantitatively the 130 recipients of funding from the programs, we show that there are agglomeration effects that are unintended but also expectable, given the nature of the funding landscape in Sweden and the institutional isomorphism among the organizations in the field.

  • 174. Hoag, Heather J.
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    Turning water into power - Debates over the development of Tanzania's Rufiji River Basin, 1945-19852008In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 624-651Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 175.
    Hommels, Anique
    et al.
    Maastricht University.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Van der Vleuten, Erik
    Eindhoven University of Technology.
    Europe’s Infrastructure Vulnerabilities: Comparisons and Connections2013In: The Making of Europe's Critical Infrastructure: Common Connections and Shared Vulnerabilities / [ed] Per Högselius, Anique Hommels, Arne Kaijser, and Erik van der Vleuten, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 263-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Arktis på utställning: Museer, mediering och visioner av ’terra nullius’2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 177.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Att konstruera ett industriellt arv: Moderna berättelser om förflutet och framtid på Göteborgsutställningen 19232005In: Kulturarvens dynamik: De institutionaliserade kulturarvens förändringar / [ed] Peter Aronsson & Magdalena Hillström, Norrköping: Linköpings universitet , 2005, p. 146-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Captives of Narrative: Museum Exhibits and Arctic Ambitions in Norway and Sweden2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Captives of Narrative: Scandinavian Museum Exhibits and Polar Ambitions2010In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 2, p. 719-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the histories of two museums of polar exploration, both founded in the 1930s but based on well-known expeditions dating back to the decades around 1900. The first is the Fram Museum in Oslo, centered around the famous Norwegian polar ship, the second is the Andrée Museum in Gränna, com-bining accounts of the ill-fated balloon expedition with a polar centre reflecting more recent polar research activities.

    The aim of the article is to analyze the relationship between museum and narrative. Museums are shapers of narrative but at the same time shaped by the narratives they relate. The article explores the symbolic and medialized dimensions of polar research, expressed in museums, as well as the way in which museums in-terrelate with national identities and selfimages.

    What does it mean to be a modern polar nation? And how is such an identity expressed in cultural terms? In which ways can museum institutions and exhibi-tions be used as means for such expressions? And how do “the grand narratives” of Sweden and Norway relate to the epic representations of polar activities, presented by the museums?

  • 180.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Celebrating the Future and the Past: Modernism and Exhibitions2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Den trettonde månkameran2007In: Forskning och framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, no 7, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 182.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Displaying the Arctic Nation: Scandinavian Museum Exhibits and Polar Ambitions2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Displaying the Polar Nation: Polar Museums as Political and Symbolic Tools for Claiming the Terra Nullius2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Fabriken som aldrig blir färdig: Volvo Torslandaverken och 1960-talets svenska industrinationalism2012In: Fabrik og bolig, ISSN 0106-3324, p. 5-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Industrial Flow and National Pride: SKF and Volvo, Icons of the High Industrial Period2007In: Industry and modernism: Companies, Architecture, and Identity in the Nordic and Baltic Countries during the High-Industrial Period / [ed] Anja Kervanto Nevanlinna, Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society , 2007, p. 294-310Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Mediating the modern arctic nation: IPY's and national ambitions on museum display in Norway and Sweden2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares the histories of two museums of polar exploration, both founded in the 1930s but based on well-known expeditions dating back to the decades around 1900. The first is the Fram Museum in Oslo, centered on the famous Norwegian polar ship; the second is the Andrée Museum in Gränna, Sweden, combining accounts of the ill-fated balloon expedition with a polar centre reflecting more recent polar research activities.

    It can be argued that these institutions originally were firmly rooted in notions of polar exploration that in important aspects stand in contrast to the altruistic, transnational rhetoric of the IPY’s. The conflicting images of the arctic explorer as either the heroic champion of his mother country or the scientific collaborator in common, international pursuit of progress, remains a central issue for museums of polar exploration in their efforts to display “the modern arctic nation”. As society, culture and science changes, so do museums. Their attempts to represent both the past and the present of polar research involve changing and often conflicting notions of nation, gender and modern science.

    Highlighting the narrative aspect of museum collection and display, the paper combines Mieke Bals theories of narratology with recent research on Arctic exploration as a medialized enterprise, aimed at a public audience.

    How do "the grand narratives" of Sweden and Norway relate to the epic representations of polar activities and IPY activities, presented by the museums?

  • 187.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Modern Accounts of Past and Present: The Gothenburg Exhibition of 19232006In: Modernism and Rationalization / [ed] Caspar Jørgensen & Morten Pedersen, Aalborg: Museum of Northern Jutland & The Heritage Agency of Denmark , 2006, p. 117-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Modernity and Industrial Production2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Motown Europe?: Large-scale Automobile Enterprises in Local and National Identity Building – Gothenburg and Turin2010In: TICCIH Bulletin, ISSN 1605-6647, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 190.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Motown Europe?: Large-scale automobile enterprises in local and national identity building – Gothenburg and Turin2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Månkameran2007In: Daedalus: Tekniska museets årsbok / [ed] Jan Garnert, Stockholm: Tekniska museet , 2007, p. 66-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Nya spelregler: Glokalisering, transnationela företag och tjänstehandel2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Nya spelregler: Vilka följder får globala processer på ett lokalt plan?2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 194.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Om minnet av ett minne2006In: Göteborgsutställningen 1923: Hågkomster och framtidsspår / [ed] Louise Brodin & Vibeke Carlander, Sävedalen: Warne förlag , 2006, p. 28-40Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 195.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Projecting the Urban: Great Exhibitions, World’s Fairs and the Making of Europe2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Recension av: Hillström, Magdalena: Ansvaret för kulturarvet (diss.)2007In: Rig: Föreningen för svensk kulturhistoria tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, Vol. 90, no 4, p. 215-217Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Selling the Moon Camera2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Snillen, kullager och volvobilar2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), History of Science and Technology.
    The 1933 Chicago World's Fair: A Century of Progress2010In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 268-270Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Eye in the Sky: Interpreting Hasselblad’s Lunar Camera2008Conference paper (Refereed)
1234567 151 - 200 of 831
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