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  • 151.
    ARPACI, SAIT
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    SUPPLY BASE REDUCTION IN C-PARTS: A CASE STUDY IN WHIRLPOOL EUROPE2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 152.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    A study of turbulence in the Swedish payment system – is there a way forward?2014Inngår i: Foresight, ISSN 1463-6689, E-ISSN 1465-9832, ISSN 1463-6689, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 462-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to understand turbulence in the field of payments in Europe and which future challenges this bring. The objective is to enable actors – industrial as well as policy-making agencies – to avoid becoming passive and reluctant to take needed steps that may realize a new playing field for payments.

  • 153.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Building a Cashless Society: The Swedish Route to the future of Cash Payments2019 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 154.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Consumer attitudes on mobile payment services: results from a proof of concept test2014Inngår i: International Journal of Bank Marketing, ISSN 0265-2323, E-ISSN 1758-5937, Vol. 32, nr 2, s. 150-170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A society’s potential economic gains from replacing cash-based payments with electronic payments are large, and mobile payments may help this transition. The purpose of this paper is to understand consumers’ attitudes on start using mobile payment services.

  • 155.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för bank och finans, Cefin.
    Designing more effective political governance of turbulent fields: The case of healthcare2012Inngår i: Business Planning for Turbulent Times: New Methods for Applying Scenarios, Taylor and Francis , 2012, s. 131-146Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för bank och finans, Cefin.
    Designing more effective political governance of turbulent fields: The case of healthcare2010Inngår i: Business planning for turbulent times: New methods for applying scenarios / [ed] Rafael Ramirez, John W. Selsky & Kees van der Heijden, Earthscan , 2010, 2, s. 130-146Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 157.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik.
    DET KONTANTLÖSA SAMHÄLLET: RAPPORT FRÅN ETT FORSKNINGSPROJEKT2013Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 158.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik.
    Framtidens betalsystem: en studie av förnyelse av det svenska betalsystemet2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 159.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik.
    Multinational strategies and implications for employee representatives: The learning partner approach2009Inngår i: Building anticipation of restructuring in Europe / [ed] Marie-Ange Moreau in collaboration with Serafino Negrelli and Philippe Pochet, Bryssel: Peter Lang Publications , 2009, s. 55-72Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 160.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    The cashless society: Industrial dynamics influencing cash-based payment services2013Inngår i: Proceedings: Second International Cashless Society Roundtable (ICSR) / [ed] Fergal Carton and Jonas Hedman, 2013, s. 48-52Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 161.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    The future of cash2018Inngår i: The Rise and Development of FinTech: Accounts of Disruption from Sweden and Beyond / [ed] R. Teigland, S. Siri, A. Larsson, A. Moreno Puertas & C. Ingram Bogusz, Routledge , 2018, 1, s. 85-98Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    The payment landscape in Sweden2018Inngår i: The Rise and Development of FinTech: Accounts of Disruption from Sweden and Beyond / [ed] . R. Teigland, S. Siri, A. Larsson, A. Moreno Puertas & C. Ingram Bogusz, Routledge , 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 163.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik.
    Tidens inverkan på organisering och organisationer2006Inngår i: Den nya arbetsdelningen: arbets- och näringslivets organisatoriska omvandling i tid, rum och tal / [ed] Eskil Ekstedt, Elisabeth Sundin, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstiutet , 2006, nr 11, s. 29-54Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 164.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Darmani, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Albors, Jose
    Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (Spain).
    Technological Innovation System Drivers; Toward a Typology2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 165.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Hedman, J.
    Segendorf, B.
    Cashless society: When will merchants stop accepting cash in Sweden - a research model2017Inngår i: Enterprise Applications, Markets and Services in the Finance Industry, Financecom 2016, Springer, 2017, Vol. 276, s. 105-113Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past decades, we have witnessed changes into how individual’s pay. In particular, there has been a drop in the use of cash as payment instrument both in terms of value and frequency. Consequently, the amount of outstanding cash is shrinking. For instance, in Sweden the level of cash is around 1.5% of Gross Domestic Product. This might be a tipping point for when cash is of practical use. In the paper, we present a research model that explores when merchants will stop accepting cash.

  • 166.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Hedman, Jonas
    Segendorf, Björn
    När slutar svenska handlare acceptera kontanter?2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 167.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Jonsson, Sara
    Department of Finance, Business School, Stockholm University, Kista, Sweden.
    Snickare, Lotta
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bank och finans.
    The transaction-relationship paradox2019Inngår i: Managerial Finance, ISSN 0307-4358, E-ISSN 1758-7743, Vol. 45, nr 9, s. 1253-1271Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to apply a capability perspective to investigate the shift from relationship lending to transaction lending in a bank’s corporate segment. The authors investigate the impact of three operational capabilities: assisting corporate clients in funding and business operations, management of customer relationships and internal cooperation on performance in relationship and transaction lending. Design/methodology/approach: The primarily empirical material comprises longitudinal survey data, collected on three occasions during the period 1998 throughout 2001 from one of Sweden’s largest banks. Data are analyzed using factor analysis and OLS regression. Findings: Results show that the effects of the three capabilities are contingent on the type of lending strategy: In relationship lending, assisting corporate clients has no significant direct effect on performance; however, it has an indirect effect on performance via the management of customer relationships. In transaction lending, assisting corporate clients has a direct effect on performance, and this effect becomes stronger as the transaction strategy is further implemented. The results also show that the direct effect of the management of customer relationships and cooperation on performance is significant in both strategies; however, the relation is stronger in relationship lending compared with transaction lending. Originality/value: The findings indicate that the choice of lending strategy is more complex than a choice between a strict relationship strategy and a strict transaction strategy and that a strategy that leads to competitive advantage includes elements of both strategies.

  • 168.
    ASGHARI, Mina
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Supply chain visibility in the last mile of delivery: A case study of the National Family Planning Supply Chain in Zimbabwe2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, the role of supply chains has increasingly been articulated to be a key issue when it comes to universal health coverage. Humanitarian organization, donors and governments have started to realize that strong supply chains, in particular increased supply chain visibility, is imperative to ensuring proper availability of, and access to, health commodities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding the processes at every stage of the supply chain allows for mitigation of risks, forward optimization and identification of best practices. More importantly, it ensures the availability of commodities at the last mile of distribution.

    During the course of this study, it was shown that the notion of supply chain visibility is an ambiguous concept, which makes it challenging for organizations to know how and what to address when aiming to improve the level of supply chain visibility. The best way of measuring the level of supply chain visibility was considered as being through measuring the quantity, accuracy and freshness of the information (status information, transactional information and master data) that is shared throughout the supply chain. By assessing the three attributes of the information that is shared within a supply chain, organizations and governments in LMICs, in this case the national family planning supply chain of Zimbabwe, can assess the current level of supply chain visibility and understand what there is that affects its levels.

    The findings showed that there are many areas that can be addressed when aiming to improve the level of supply chain visibility - many of which are not related to sophisticated information technology (IT) solutions. However, people tend leap from supply chain visibility to sophisticated IT solutions, when discussing how the level of supply chain visibility can be improved. The belief that investments in IT solutions will increase the level of supply chain visibility has shown to be an error of perception. When framing a problem solely as a technological issue, the risk is that other critical factors that can improve the quantity, accuracy and freshness of the information, thus also the supply chain visibility, are overlooked. Instead, this study suggests that organizations and governments should address two parameters; system maturity and capacity. Together, they capture the full spectrum of factors that can be addressed when aiming to increase the level of supply chain visibility in LMICs. System maturity refers to the way in which the supply chain is designed to facilitate for superior information sharing, such as frequency of resupply intervals, choice of push- or pull-system, the number of tiers or design of the logistics management and information system. The capability refers to the aggregated of the system ability, including; workload, training, education, competence, experiences and will of individuals working within the supply chain. By using the two parameters as a guideline, the idea is that organizations and governments in LMICs will be able capture a broader spectrum of possible areas that can be addressed when aiming to improve the level of supply chain visibility.

  • 169.
    Asplund, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
    Ulfvengren, Pernilla
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Work functions shaping the ability to innovate: insights from the case of the safety engineer2019Inngår i: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To perform as intended, firms are divided into work functions that contribute to the behaviour-shaping constraints under which individuals build their skills, knowledge and networks. These in turn provide a specialized perspective on organisational structure and culture. In a mixed methods study involving interviews and statistical analyses, we investigate whether a work function can thereby affect individuals’ innovation foci and efficacy. Safety engineers, central to firms developing Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), are shown to play a significant role in identifying and supporting viable innovation related to organisational aspects. Results indicate that safety engineers could use the firm’s collaborative innovation process to facilitate organisational learning, helping different work functions come together to construct working practices aligned with the organisational values of the firm. This is explained by their understanding of safety culture—a specialized understanding of organisational culture and complexity provided by their work function. We conclude that work functions that provide their members with a perspective well aligned with their firm’s organisational values can instil the ability to identify and support organisational innovation. This suggests that safety engineers in CPS domains could be effective in a mediatory role, facilitating innovative changes to organisational structures and processes when introducing and operating safety management systems. Stronger aspects of organisational liaising and systems thinking could reinforce this ability—the former by a wider scope and motivation leading to an increased skill in communicating with dissimilar individuals, and the latter by providing the skills and tools needed to analyse the politics of complex organisations.

  • 170.
    Assarsson, Fabian
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Synthetic Innovation and Hidden Problems: Qualitative Insights on Open Innovation for Hidden Problems in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna uppsats är att analysera hur svenska organisationer arbetar med öppen innovation, i vilka former de gör det och vilken typ av innovationer de producerar. Uppsatsen definierar även uttryckligen begreppet "dolda problem" inom organisationer och kopplar sedan det till innovationsteori. Definitionen av öppen innovation har utvecklats tillsammans med förståelsen för begreppet, vilket i sig utgör en övertygande teori för både organisationer och forskare i strävan efter teknisk utveckling. De befintliga modeller som beskriver öppen innovation är emellertid inte förenliga med hur definitionen av termen har utvecklats. Genom att kartlägga nuvarande litteratur och innovationsteori, föreslås i denna uppsats en förening av två befintliga öppna innovationsmodeller som bättre passar den nuvarande definitionen. I uppsatsen föreslås också att syntetisk innovation - ett begrepp beskrivet i denna avhandling - är den primära typen av innovation som produceras inom en öppen innovationsram. Resultaten, analysen och diskussionerna baseras på en litteraturstudie, en handlingsstudie och fyra fallstudier av innovationsinitiativ i Sverige. Analyserade genom den föreslagna ramen visar resultaten att resurstypen som delas mellan firmor i ett öppet samarbete är mer empiriskt viktig än indikerat från befintliga innovationsmodeller. Det indikeras också att företagens permeabilitet förändrar vilken typ av innovation de producerar. Arbetet indikerar också att dolda problem empiriskt löses genom syntetisk innovation som särskilt kan uppnås i en öppen innovationsmiljö.

  • 171.
    Assbring, Linda
    et al.
    KTH.
    Nuur, Cali
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    What’s in it for industry? A case study on collaborative doctoral education in Sweden2017Inngår i: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 184-194Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The knowledge economy and the changing nature of knowledge production, the increased interaction between public agencies, industry and universities, and the changing labour market for doctoral degree holders are forces that together have led to an increased interest in the organization of doctoral education – particularly the role of collaborative doctoral education. Models like the Triple Helix have become important frameworks for conceptually capturing the interactions and dynamics of industry, government and university collaborations at various levels. Yet, empirical research on the motivations of and outcomes for the industrial partners in collaborative PhD education remains scanty. Through a case study conducted in Sweden, this article discusses the perceived industrial benefits of participating in collaborative doctoral education. The analysis shows that the outcomes of industrial participation are highly connected to the organization of the collaboration, and the authors identify four important criteria that are key to ensuring industrial relevance. The article also highlights significant policy implications for encouraging and supporting collaborative doctoral training, as the authors conclude that it is a powerful tool in addressing skills gaps in industry.

  • 172.
    Astbury, Marc
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    Lux, Marius
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    Foreign Market Entry Strategies: A Study of Born Global B2B SME’s2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The global market place is becoming ever more accessible. Internet and communication technologies are opening up new opportunities for firms of all configurations. Based on that, this research will focus on Born Global business-to-business (B2B small, medium enterprises (SME) entering in the German market. The aim is to answer the following two research questions: ‘What does a Born Global B2B SME’s internationalization process look like?’ and ‘Which adaptations should a Born Global B2B SME make to acquire customers in the German market?’ A review of internationalization literature, complemented by company participation and interviews furthers the body of academic research in this subject area.

    Qualitative research is applied through a company case study and primary interviews are conducted. A case study is employed to further understand and practically apply adaptations a firm can make to increase its chance of success in a foreign market environment, once internationalizing.

    The conclusions drawn that a Born Global B2B SME entering a foreign market should make adaptations in its online presence to cater to the new market. Specifically, language adaptations are required to the native tongue. This research concludes with both practical and theoretical suggestions. The key findings from the interviews show that the Born Global B2B SME’s studied have taken an ‘accidental’ internationalization process. 

  • 173.
    Astebro, Thomas
    et al.
    HEC Paris, Entreprneurship, Dept Econ & Decis Sci, Paris, France..
    Braguinsky, Serguey
    Univ Maryland, Robert H Smith Sch Business, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Univ Maryland, Dept Econ, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.;Osaka Univ, ISER, Osaka, Japan.;NBER, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Academic Entrepreneurship: The Bayh-Dole Act versus the Professor's Privilege2019Inngår i: Industrial & labor relations review, ISSN 0019-7939, E-ISSN 2162-271X, Vol. 72, nr 5, s. 1094-1122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is the Bayh-Dole intellectual property regime associated with more and better academic entrepreneurship than the Professor's Privilege regime? The authors examine data on US PhDs in the natural sciences, engineering, and medical fields who became entrepreneurs in 1993-2006 and compare this to similar data from Sweden. They find that, in both countries, those with an academic background have lower rates of entry into entrepreneurship than do those with a non-academic background. The relative rate of academics starting entrepreneurial firms is slightly lower in the United States than in Sweden. Moreover, the mean economic gains from becoming an entrepreneur are negative, both for PhDs originating in academia and for non-academic settings in both countries. Analysis indicates that selection into entrepreneurship occurs from the lower part of the ability distribution among academics. The results suggest that policies supporting entrepreneurial decisions by younger, tenure-track academics may be more effective than are general incentives to increase academic entrepreneurship.

  • 174.
    Astiasuinzarra Bereciartua, Txomin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    COMPILATION OF TASK ANALYSIS METHODS: PRACTICAL APPROACH OF HIERARCHICAL TASK ANALYSIS, COGNITIVE WORK ANALYSYS AND GOALS, OPERATIONS, METHODS AND SELECTION RULES2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Progressively Human Factor methods are becoming more and more relevant in companies. Companies are more conscious about how affect work environment in workers and those in productivity. Globalization also affect to the companies given that they have to be more competitive, effective and flexible. In this context, Human Factors carry out very important role.

    With this perspective, this thesis is oriented to get acquainted some of the different methods of Human Factors. Human Factor's area is very extensive, for this reason in the thesis are included some of the most important methods. The main objective is to achieve a general perspective, a practical perspective.

    According with the previous paragraph, in this thesis the most relevant variables and constraints are analyzed and compared. It is theoretical based; different papers, articles and books are the platform of the thesis. The most prestigious authors’ works are included.

    Hierarchical Task Analysis (HTA), Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) and Goal, Operator, Method, and Selection (GOMS) are the chosen methods. There are comparisons between HTA and CWA, and a general comparison between different techniques of GOMS. At the end, there are conclusions in order to underpin the previous analyses and comparisons.

  • 175.
    ASZTALOS, RICHARD
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    GIERTZ, MATHIAS
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Market Orientation in Professional Service Firms: A Framework for Market Oriented Practices2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report combines theoretical and empirical findings to create a holistic framework for market oriented practices within professional service firms. Changes in the business environment of technology consultancy firms, has developed a need to adopt more structured procedures in assessing the market place and in responding, both through external activities as well as through internal optimization. An assumption was made that the market orientation concept was of relevance in addressing this need.

    A qualitative empirical investigation was conducted at a large professional service firm mainly operating within the construction consulting industry in Sweden.

    The result provides a conceptual framework for practising market orientation, based largely on empirical findings, which in the conclusion is summarized into a model to visualize the interconnection of the different parts of market orientation.

    The framework developed is ‘The Market Orientation Model’ which is made up four stages; (1) ‘Assess Current State’ in which the goal is to understand the current state of the firm; current market, current services and current competences. (2) ‘Collect Intelligence’ where the collection of market intelligence, using a set of different processes, about the needs and demands of current, new and internal customers should be gathered. (3) ‘Create Insight’ which is the process of identifying the Market Potential or the Market Demand through processes of organization wide dissemination and analysis of the gathered intelligence. (4a) ‘Create Response Initiative’ where the aim is to create new, or develop existing service offerings to meet the demand or need of the market. (4b) ‘Create Sales Initiative’ which is the initiation of a sales attempt of existing services to new or existing customers.

    The model creates a summarized picture of what constitutes market orientation and how it can be adapted to an organization. It can be used to create a standardized approach for an entire organization in building a market oriented firm. By continuously following this model in a market oriented firm, greater alignment with market should be achieved.

  • 176.
    ATAMANOVA, VALERIYA
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Management dilemma: how to build balance between creativity and control2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 177.
    ATTAR, ANDRÉ
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Cloud Service Selection for Startups: Identifying how Swedish startups prioritize when selecting their Cloud services2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A startup’s ability to make correct decisions regarding their Cloud choices is essential if they intend to stay competitively relevant in their business. Choosing the Cloud solutions that allow for an optimal level of production can give startups that operate in most industries a competitive advantage. However, new startups have a plethora of factors to consider when choosing a Cloud provider, which is the basis of the thesis.

    The purpose of the study is to explore and gain insight regarding how new startups can make suitable decisions when selecting different Cloud services. The study’s main data collection method is a set of interviews that were conducted with CTOs from some of Sweden’s most promising startup companies.

    The study thoroughly discusses the three largest Cloud providers (Amazon Web Services, Azure, and Google Cloud Platform), and attempts to reveal how these Cloud services are positioned in the eyes of the customers that use them on a daily basis.

    A main finding of the study was that the most important factors to consider when selecting a Cloud provider is its compatibility with your company’s IT-environment, the quality and quantity of its services, how well managed it is, if it offers data protection compliances, and ultimately, the prices of the services it offers. Furthermore, information derived from the interviews imply that new startups ought to make their IT-solution as simple as possible in order to reduce the chances of running into integration problems with different Cloud solutions. The author intends for the study to be a guideline for new startups to better understand what factors they ought to prioritize when selecting Cloud providers.

  • 178.
    ATTERSTRÖM, VICTOR
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    THEORIN, HENRIC
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Continuous Improvements – The Key to Industrial Construction in Practice?: A case study at a large Swedish construction firm2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Byggindustrin har länge tampats med en undermålig produktivitetsutveckling i förhållande till andra industrier och då speciellt processindustrin. Det har gjorts många försök att industrialisera byggandet för att dra nytta av standardiserade produkter och processer, i Sverige mest utmärkande under 60-talets miljonprogram vilket var kraftigt influerat av dåtidens rådande produktionsfilosofi - massproduktion. För närvarande  baseras  industrialiseringsarbetet  på  koncept  från  lean  production  där  fokus  ligger  i  att eliminera alla former av slöserier via det som kallas industriellt byggande.

    Syftet med denna rapport är att med hjälp av filosofier från lean production undersöka hur koncept från industriellt byggande appliceras i produktionen av bostäder där prefabricerade betongelement används. Anledningen till att  detta  perspektiv  väljs  baseras  i att ett  konceptuellt  ramverk deriverat  från lean production  lämpar  sig  ytterst  väl  för  att  undersöka  och  analysera  värdeflöden,  speciellt  i  en produktionsmiljö. Ett av Sveriges största byggbolag, NCC AB, använder sig för närvarande av tekniska plattformar och konceptuella produkter för att industrialisera sin process vid upplåtandet hyresfastigheter med  minimering  av  produktionskostnad  och  tid  som  huvudmål.  En  av  huvudkomponenterna   i produktionen av dessa bostäder är prefabricerade betongelement vilket gör att företaget lämpar sig ytterst väl för en fallstudie.

    Några av de huvudresultat som denna rapport utmynnat i är att det studerade företaget och i förlängningen hela byggbranschen dras med ett kraftigt eftersatt förbättringsarbete - continuous improvements vilket kan vara en av huvudförklaringarna till sektorns låga produktivitetsutveckling jämfört med processindustrins dito. Vidare har tre fokusområden tagits fram baserat på den utförda fallstudien som sedan ställts i relation  till  teori  inom  industriellt  byggande.  Dessa  tre fokusområden  har  givits  epitetet  pelare för industrialisering  och  det  argumenteras  för  att  dessa  pelare  måste  beaktas  för  att  möjliggöra  en framgångsrik industriell byggprocess.

  • 179.
    Avdeitchikova, Sofia
    et al.
    Oxford Research.
    Nyström, Kristina
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Access to Informal Venture Capital and Ambitious Entrepreneurship - Cross Country Evidence2016Inngår i: International Reveiw of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2009-2822, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 469-482, artikkel-id 1545Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many empirical studies have emphasized the importance of institutional venture capital for enabling high growth entrepreneurship and innovation. Yet, there are reasons to believe that provision of informal venture capital will have as significant, if not more significant effect on entrepreneurship. Based on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data for 33 countries for the years 2001-2010, we study the relationship between the presence of informal investors in a country and the levels of general and ambitious entrepreneurship, defined as entrepreneurs that have intentions to grow their business, internationalize and/or innovate. Some of the main findings are that the overall level of access to informal venture capital is positively related to general entrepreneurship and ambitious entrepreneurship in terms of innovativeness, while access to arms-length money (i.e. informal investments made by work colleagues or strangers) appears to be positively related to ambitious entrepreneurship in terms of job growth expectations. The relationship between availability of arms-length money and the innovativeness of the entrepreneurial activities appears however to be negative.

  • 180. Ax, Christian
    et al.
    Johansson, Christer
    Kullvén, Håkan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Ekonomistyrning.
    Den nya ekonomistyrningen2009 (oppl. 4)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 181.
    Axelson, Elisabeth
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    How the Nordic countries approach CSR and MSI: A study of firms’ CSR actions. The Nordic model.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing demand for the private sector to include corporate social responsibility in their business and everyday work. This thesis has studied the corporate responsibility of firms in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden), compared with firms in 18 other OECD countries. The results are then analysed by referring to the institutional framework that firms operate in; national and international institutions. In particular, the thesis aims at examining whether there is a distinctive Nordic approach towards CSR. The Nordic countries are argued to operate in a specific national business system, influenced by the welfare state model which also impact firms’ approach towards CSR. Furthermore, the role of multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs) is emphasized. National institutions are, due to increased globalization and awareness of global governance gaps, increasingly challenged by international institutions. To address this issue variables are collected from the MSI UN Global Compact (UNGC) Implementation Survey from 2017, the main variable being overall CSR actions the companies take, and more specifically with regard to human rights (HR), labour rights (LR), environment (EN) and anti-corruption (AC). A simple OLS with robust standard errors was performed to define the relationship between the variables. The result show both similarities and differences between the Nordic and OECD companies, but also differences to a larger extent than expected between the Nordic countries. The main contribution of this study is thus to highlight factors that influences companies’ CSR, with possible implications for policy makers as well as managers on a national and international level. Further research should elaborate and expand the CSR actions and compare on a cross-country level instead of a Nordic and OECD level and include companies in other MSIs.

  • 182.
    AXELSSON, ALEXANDER
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Cost Reduction through Strategic Sourcing of Matured Products Designed for a Subsea Environment2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of this thesis is to analyse the economies and diseconomies of moving the production of standardized parts, i.e. parts which are used in matured products, to low cost countries whilst looking at improvements that could be done to the current supply chain strategy.

    The research conducted in this report has shown that Company A has a potential to cut the cost for product X by outsourcing Component 1 to a low cost country in Eastern Europe where the labour costs are low enough that the main cost driver for the component becomes the raw material as opposed to labour cost. There is also a possibility that a larger storage could be used to  reduce both cost and problems stemming from the volatility of the demand which was experienced by the Buyer of Company A. The argument for keeping a larger amount of stock would be the results from the interviews held for the Smith matrix analysis, where all of the interviewees agreed that the component rarely ever had any changes made to its specification and no changes are believed to be done to the technology. If the yearly demand is set, Company A could therefore plan a purchase of larger batches which would lower the cost.

    The risks associated with outsourcing can according to the literature be lowered through the use of a multi sourcing strategy that would secure the delivery in the event that the non-local company would fail to deliver an order. The downside to this tactic is that the batch sizes ordered from the internationally located supplier would be smaller and thus increasing the cost per part. The balance of orders to the two suppliers must therefore be considered and planned in great detail to keep both price and risk at an appropriate level.

  • 183.
    Aydede, Cem
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    Turkoglu, Tunca
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    How to utilize a value-based pricing strategy in service contracts: A descriptive case study of how a Swedish pricing consultancy company optimizes pricing of services for its customers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper’s aim is to analyze value-based pricing strategies in service contracts and how they help companies generate sustainable advantages. Scoop of the analysis will be service contracts in manufacturing industry. A service contract could be defined as an intangible value proposition that includes but not limited to maintaining client’s machines continuously for a negotiated amount of time.

    By working with a Swedish pricing consultancy firm Navetti AB, a descriptive research was conducted in an effort to answer the research question: “How to utilize a value-based pricing strategy in service contracts?”. By trying to answer this question, authors of this paper wanted to contribute to the developing framework of value-based pricing phenomena.

    Results of this study indicates that certain steps need to be followed by service providers in manufacturing industry in order to utilize a value-based pricing strategy. Obscure perceived value of customers need to be realized and their value drivers need to be extracted, quantified and analyzed.

    Findings of this study have implications both in theoretical and industrial perspective. From industrial aspect, service providers need to communicate with their customers deeply and analyze their value drivers, they also need to take cost-based and competition-based pricing strategies into consideration while utilizing a value-based pricing strategy. From the theoretical perspective this study contributes to the field of pricing and price optimization part of industrial management. 

  • 184.
    BACK, OLIVER
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    ISAKOVIC, EMIR
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Agile Project Portfolio Management Challenges2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization allows companies to reach a larger customer base and to focus on niche markets, driving specialization. Conversely, it also lets customers choose from a wider array of options on any given market, which all together leads to increased competition. Such global scale competition is straining profitability and urges companies to innovate both strategy and operations in search of competitive advantages. The ensuing increased rate of change has placed an emphasis on achieving flexibility to ensure alignment with market needs, with companies successful in quick modifications flourishing even in face of unpredictable and unceasing turbulence. The trend toward increasing turbulence is acutely experienced by the automotive industry. Due to the commoditization of hardware in light of digitalization, the automotive industry is undergoing a shift in profitability toward software. The adaptation of strategy to the market is vital to survival, which in turn means that the operationalization of the strategy is crucial. One way to actualize the strategy is through project portfolio management (PPM). As corporate strategy and project portfolios are tightly connected, PPM is essential to implementing the strategy. It is of interest to study the flexible qualities of PPM in an individual industry moving from stable to turbulent, in order to gain insight into the challenges of that industry. The flexible properties of PPM in the automotive industry is thus of utmost importance to the survival of companies. The built-in flexibility of PPM is however not always enough and there is an increasing interest in agile PPM (APPM). So far, there is little advancement on the topic of APPM, and the need for further understanding is obvious with consideration to recent market developments, especially in the automotive industry. This thesis has employed a single case study to understand what challenges traditional companies in the automotive industry face when trying to become more agile in their project portfolio management in order to align their organization around agile practices on the team level and increase responsiveness to external changes. Adopting an abductive approach, empirical data was collected using interviews, observations, documents as well as a survey. The results of this study are twofold. Firstly, an exhaustive mapping of a major automotive company’s PPM process is presented. Secondly, this mapping is utilized to establish what PPM processes could be made more agile and what the main challenges are.

  • 185.
    BACK, WILHELM
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    THULIN, JOHAN
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Investeringar i Innovationsverksamhet: Utveckling av mätsystem för bedömningar av rigginvesteringar2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    För producerande verksamheter är forskning- och utvecklingsavdelningen basal för att skapa konkurrenskraft och kunskap om att utveckla produkter. Investeringar inom verksamheten är viktiga och det är också vitalt att kunna bedöma om investeringsförslaget som ligger på beslutsbordet har ett värde för företaget. Problematiken kan handla om att det är svårt att se direkta effekter, kostnader och intäkter till företaget som helhet, av en investering när den ligger så pass tidigt i värdekedjan och frågorna kring vilket värde investeringen tillför till organisationen som helhet kan förbli obesvarade.

    Den här studien utfördes i syfte att undersöka hur de kontextuella förutsättningarna i kombination med den teoretiska mätsystemslitteraturen påverkar utformningen av mätsystemet. Examensarbetet är utfört på UTT som är en del inom Scanias forskning- och utvecklingsavdelning som har hand om konstruktionen av verksamhetens provriggar. Det är i riggarna som prov utförs för att mäta och verifiera komponenter eller produkter och proverna har olika karaktär och en mängd funktioner som ger ett differentierat provbehov, från att prova nya framtagna koncept till verifierande slutprov för en produkt som är tänkt att gå i produktion. UTT har efterfrågat en modell som ska ligga till grund för beslut om rigginvesteringar i ett tidigt skede där det tas hänsyn till det gemensamma värdet för provverksamheten. En fallstudie har genomförts av författarna och i enlighet med de teorier som granskats kring mätsystem har fokus legat på att undersöka den specifika kontext som forskning- och utvecklingsavdelningen på Scania ger. Utifrån tre frågeställningar som ställts upp, som också genomsyrar arbetet och underbygger resultat och analys, byggs sedan ett resonemang och ett mätsystem upp där den kontextuella problematiken löses utifrån en litteraturbas inom mätsystem och skapar ett nytt verktyg för UTT att arbeta med för att i ett tidigt skede kunna bedöma investeringar.

  • 186.
    BACKELIN, DIANA
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Improving KM strategies in SMEs: A case study of a medium-sized Swedish consultancy firm2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research covers an analysis of the Swedish consulting firm Centigo. This is a continuously growing medium-sized company where one of the challenges has been to understand how and when to improve and update their working methods and knowledge sources in order to stay competitive. After a few years of fast growth the point where change is needed has been coming closer. Parameters such as company size, choice of strategy, company core values and existing sources of knowledge have been taken into account, and the aim has been for the company to continue the delivery of profitable and well-conducted projects to its customers.

    The study has been carried out by looking closely at the company’s knowledge management system (KMS) in general, and knowledge sharing between projects in particular. Empirical data has been gathered through both interviews as well as a questionnaire; in an attempt to answer how smaller knowledge intensive firms, the chosen subset of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) manage and reuse their knowledge. In addition, main areas of improvement are discussed together with suggestions on possible development of the existing KMS.

    The results show that, as an enterprise becomes larger, demands on codification increase. Today, in the research company, employees rely almost exclusively on the personalization strategy based on face-toface communication rather than on codification. A balance between the two strategies is a requirement to stay competitive and should fit the organization when it comes to culture, firm size, values and the degree of similarities between projects.

    Moreover, demands on better structural capital as exemplified by frequently used document templates and enhanced working processes have been found to be two of the areas of improvement. Junior consultants were found to support this point to a larger degree, whereas managers and other more experienced consultants were more content with the way things were managed. This phenomenon is likely to derive of; to what extent the employees know “who knows what”. As such, this is one of the weaknesses with the existing KMS, and a feature to further develop for the system to better support its intended purpose.

    The contribution of this case study to the existing body of knowledge and KM theories fills a knowledge gap, since most studies are made on larger companies in other fields and focuses on detailed methods and means of codification. In addition, many studies are made on American companies with a larger focus on IT rather than management itself. Delimitations of this study include smaller management consultancy firms in Sweden and do not cover larger or foreign companies as many factors differ and consequently affect both the KM strategy and KMS.

  • 187.
    Backlund, Göran
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Om ungefärligheten i ingenjörsarbete2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 188.
    BACKLUND, LISA
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    BERGSTRÖM, MARIA
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Development of a categorization modelwith strategic actions for theSupplier Base Tail2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Strategic Sourcing has gained great importance over the last few decades and during this era researchers have presented several theories and methods within the area. For instance, Purchasing Portfolio Management including analyzing the purchasing portfolio and egmenting suppliers are common in order to find and direct suitable strategies towards different groups of suppliers with similar characteristics. Until now Strategic Sourcing has focused on handling the top 20 % of the suppliers, although an upcoming trend is to focus on the remaining 80 % of the suppliers. The phenomenon is called Tail Spend Management and the aim is to achieve lower administrative costs, lower prices and increased efficiency etc. To use traditional categorization models in order to manage this part of the supplier base (the Supplier Base Tail) is improper partly because the models focus on top suppliers. They also provide actions that are too costly and time consuming to use for managing Tail Spend. Further, the categorization criteria for traditional models do not correspond to the characteristics of Tail Spend. The purpose of the study is thus to develop a categorization model with corresponding strategic actions for the Supplier Base Tail. The model is based on traditional categorization frameworks. By a case study including qualitative interviews and quantitative data, causes to Tail Spend were found, which were linked to Tail Spend categories found in modern theories. The categories were fit into the categorization framework and corresponding strategic actions were also developed from the theoretical framework and complementary interviews. The study aims to contribute to theory by extending earlier research about Purchasing Portfolio Management in order to be applicable for Tail Spend. The empirical contribution lies in the developed categorization model that aims to manage the  upplier Base Tail and address the causes to Tail Spend found in the unit under study.

  • 189. Backman, Mikaela
    et al.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    The geography of innovation and entrepreneurship2015Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, nr 1, s. 1-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction to the special issue "The Geography of Innovation and Entrepreneurship" in the Annals of Regional Science surveys a collection of nine papers which consider agglomeration economies and spatial heterogeneity of regions and firms through the lenses of innovation and entrepreneurship. They all make use of extensive and detailed data sources that enable models to provide a richer picture of how firms, industries and regions are affected by innovation and entrepreneurship but also how these entities shape and foster renewal. These factors include spatial concentration, industry composition, labor market characteristics, immigration, firm characteristics, R&D activities and R&D collaboration. The papers add to the understanding of the geography of innovation and entrepreneurship by suggesting alternative ways of identifying spillovers, combing and integrating internal and external knowledge sources, and by estimating the impact on innovation, new firm formation and growth.

  • 190. Bal, A. S.
    et al.
    Archer-Brown, C.
    Robson, K.
    Hall, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Do good, goes bad, gets ugly: Kony 20122013Inngår i: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 202-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With millions of videos with different messages uploaded per year, companies are increasingly looking for means of making their messages stand against competitors. A theory of viral marketing is used to analyze and understand the spread of-and reactions to-a controversial political mega-viral video, Kony 2012. Through this analysis, policy makers and marketers could gain a better understanding of how they can use mediums such as YouTube to extend their messages. Kony 2012 concerns the highly publicized leader of a Ugandan guerrilla group, Joseph Kony. The video was a call to action and an attempt to educate the world about the atrocities committed in Sudan. The video was made by an organization called the Invisible Children and created by filmmaker Jason Russell. Following the extraordinary success of Kony 2012, Jason Russell was infamously arrested in San Diego for indecent exposure. The story and video of Russell's arrest and breakdown similarly went viral. The framework that follows analyzes the virality of a political video and the downfall of its creator.

  • 191. Bal, Anjali
    et al.
    Archer-Brown, Chris
    Robson, Karen
    Hall, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Weidner, Kelly
    KONY 2012: MEGA VIRAL POLITIVAL ACTIVISM2015Inngår i: IDEAS IN MARKETING: FINDING THE NEW AND POLISHING THE OLD, Springer, 2015, s. 526-526Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 192. Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    et al.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Tikounides, Ioannis
    Spin-offs: Why geography matters2016Inngår i: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 273--303Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on unique data covering individuals, firms, industries and regions for the 1999–2005 period, we contribute with new knowledge concerning the impact of regional variables on spin-offs. Implementing a large number of controls, as well as different estimation techniques and robustness tests, we show that Jacobian externalities have a positive effect on spin-offs. Moreover, using an entropy measure to disentangle unrelated and related variety (RV), we conclude that the effect is confined to RV. These findings are likely to be associated with strong welfare effects: a standard deviation increase (decrease) in related (unrelated) variety increases spin-off propensity by approximately 25%. Other variables are shown to have economic effects of a similar magnitude but may have a different effect across sectors. Sensitivity analyses indicate that the impact of other determinants proposed in the literature (e.g., Marshallian externalities and scale effects) is too small to be detected.

  • 193.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Attractors of Entrepreneurial Activity: Universities, Regions and Alumni Entrepreneurs2013Inngår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 934-949Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Baltzopoulos A. and Brostrom A. Attractors of entrepreneurial activity: universities, regions and alumni entrepreneurs, Regional Studies. This paper investigates how universities may affect regional entrepreneurship through the localization decisions of entrepreneurial alumni. Empirically, a comprehensive, individual-level data set from Sweden for the period 2003-2005 is employed. The results suggest that even when controlling for their spatial history, individuals have an increased propensity to set up in the region where they studied. This effect is found to substitute for both urbanization economies and localization economies as drivers of regional-level entrepreneurship. Thus, the present analysis provides evidence on how universities affect regional economic development that complements the strong focus on spin-off activities by university researchers in previous studies.

  • 194.
    Bank, Jakob
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    Integrating online and offline worlds through mobile technology in physical stores: A quantitative study investigating the impact of technology readiness on the technology acceptance model for mobile technologies in physical retail2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Customers uses both offline and online channels before the final purchase, retailers that are operating and selling their products both online and offline can benefit from aligning the experiences on their channels by using an omni-channel strategy. The smartphone is becoming a natural part of our day-to-day life and keeping us connected, also when visiting abrick and mortar retailers. Mobile technology therefore possesses the opportunity to integrate in-store experience with the online world for creating value for customers. But many retailers are struggling in their integration efforts towards an omni-channel strategy due toall the possible technologies to invest. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis was to investigate the acceptance of mobile technologies in a brick and mortar retail setting, the chosen technologies are beacons and augmented reality.This research investigated the mediating effect of the four technology readiness dimensions:optimism, innovativeness, discomfort and insecurity, on the constructs of the technology acceptance model: perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use. The research was carried out with a positivist research philosophy, inductive approach and lastly with an explanatory research design including a quantitative method. The data was collected through a survey, which got answered by 224 participants. The data was further statistically analyzed. The result showed that several of the dimensions of technology readiness had a significant effect on the constructs of technology acceptance model, especially the dimension: optimism. Thus, retailers that wants to introduce mobile technology into their stores should put emphasis on customizing their offerings towards the customers’ different level of technology readiness, especially optimism.

  • 195.
    Banér, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Tigerschiöld, Tigerschiöld, Ted
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Using metrics to define, monitor and plan innovation capabilities2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Measuring innovation as a strategic objective allows companies to gauge their performance and  stay competitive. This study examines how the introduction of a metrics-oriented governance  tool can be used to strengthen the innovation performance in an industrial setting. Key  dimensions of capabilities for innovation are identified, and the role of measurement in allowing  a company to become more innovative is discussed. The core findings of the study suggest that  the most prominent innovation capabilities are cross-functional collaboration, organisational  culture, knowledge integrating mechanisms and the existence of a formulated innovation strategy.  These capabilities should not be measured or analysed separately as they depend on each other.  Therefore the set of metrics proposed in this study are meant to provide a holistic view of the  wide range of capabilities that together form the basis for the companies innovativeness.  

    From a practice-oriented perspective, the thesis aims to build on these two sets of analysis to  propose a set of metrics for the monitoring of innovation capabilities at a specific large,  Swedish-based industrial company. The analysis of the innovation capabilities at the case  company serves as a diagnostary basis for understanding the issues regarding the organisations  innovativeness. A need for further research on how the innovation strategy can be aligned with  the business strategy of the company would be beneficial is also identified.  

  • 196.
    Bapir, Sivan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Varatharajah, Kajany
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Leading Learning: A managerial perspective on promoting team learning in a software development company2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Fast pace of change in the business of technology is the reality of many organizations today. The software development industry is one example where this nature is prominent. Companies need to adapt in ways that eases the persistence against change from external forces. Companies need to turn into Learning Organizations as these help people and organizations embrace change. Two key components of the Learning Organization are the teams, as they are considered to be the fundamental units of organizations, and managers, as they have the biggest impact on facilitating learning in the organization. Therefore, this study has investigated how managers could act to create conditions for encouraging team learning of a software development company to become a Learning Organization.

     

    This has been done by conducting a case study at the company Ericsson in Kista, Sweden, who is market leaders within the software development industry. The case design consisted of a two phase method that included both a quantitative and qualitative data collection method.

     

    The results indicate that Ericsson could be classified as a Learning Organization and in addition display promising characteristics when it comes to having team learning capabilities. Furthermore, the findings suggest that in order for managers to encourage team learning they should take on a coaching and supporting role to understand the need of the teams; challenge the status quo; empower teams through giving them mandate; allocate time for learning as an integral part of the daily work; and reward learning in teams.

     

    The findings of this study have implications both in a theoretical aspect and a sustainability aspect. From the theoretical aspect, the findings provide with further empirical data in a field that is currently dominated by theoretical literature. Furthermore, the findings display a practical example of how managers of a market leading company with promising characteristics of team learning capabilities have acted to create such conditions. From a sustainability aspect, the results of this study give firms a sustainable competitive advantage through increased business performance, healthy labor conditions that are a result of healthy team dynamics and possible encouragement to future attention towards emphasis on environmental aspects.

  • 197.
    Barceló Bartrolí, Laura
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    The Design Thinking Principles in the Creation Process of User-Centered Value Propositions: An Insight into the Mobile Health Industry2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The healthcare and life sciences sectors are currently undergoing a transition towards becoming digitized. Mobile health (mHealth), a subset of digital health, offers many potential benefits to healthcare. Despite that, it has been reported that the majority of mHealth initiatives do not evolve beyond the pilot stage. A core reason seems to be the lack of user-centered value propositions in mHealth projects. Here, we evaluate if the use of the principles of design thinking (DT) can endorse the creation process of user-centered value propositions. For that, several scoping meetings with experts on topics of relevance were carried out, which helped define the scope, the methodology, and formulate the research question in the optimal direction. Interviews with the founders of four startups that operate in the mHealth industry constituted the basis of the findings, with the product or service development process as the central aspect. A framework for DT was employed to analyze the cases, which proposes five themes that should be considered throughout the process: User Focus, Problem Framing, Experimentation, Visualization and Diversity. Our research shows that the use of DT principles can help achieve more valuable outcomes (e.g. more user-centered value propositions), be more efficient and collaborate better. Nevertheless, more knowledge about DT is needed among entrepreneurs, as well as a more uniform consideration of the five themes of DT.

  • 198.
    Barchéus, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell arbetsvetenskap.
    A multi-modal approach to communication in aviation2007Inngår i: Ergonomics for a future: 39th Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference / [ed] Cecilia Berlin & Lars-Ola Bligård, Lund: Ergonomic Society of Sweden , 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    As data-link communication makes its way into Air Traffic Control, somecontrollers fear that their job environment may change and potentiallyreduce safety. The present paper reports on a small scale real-timesimulation that was performed to investigate whether voice and data-linkcommunication can be combined to support each other. The results indicatethat time delays are perceived more disturbing for voice than data-linkcommunication and that proper feed-back is vital, especially for voice.

  • 199.
    Barchéus, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell arbetsvetenskap.
    Time analysis of ATC radio traffic in simulated free flight scenario2006Inngår i: Human factors and economic aspects on safety: proceedings of the Swedish Human Factors Network (HFN) conference, April 5-7, 2006, Linköping, Sweden / [ed] Clemens Weikert, Linköping: Swedish Network for Human Factors (HFN) , 2006, s. 1-9Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Radio communication is currently the primary mean of communication in Air TrafficControl. This is now being complemented by datalink technology to enhance capacity. Toassess the largest benefits of datalink implementation an analysis of ATC radiocommunication was made by timing speech acts from 4.5 hours of communication during asimulation. The results show that address and altitude information account for over 50% ofATC communication. The largest benefits should be gained for communication regardingsector entry or exit since this type of communication is overrepresented in en-route air traffic.

  • 200.
    Barchéus, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell arbetsvetenskap.
    Who is responsible?: Communication, coordination and collaboration in the future Air Traffic Management system2007Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    nternational civil aviation has experienced a steady growth in the past decades that is foreseen to continue. To overcome capacity limits of the old Air Traffic Control systems, new technology is currently being developed and introduced. While the current way of conducting air traffic has evolved in a continuous manner, the new technologies are part of a new paradigm that has the potential to completely reform aviation. Under this paradigm, it is envisaged that pilots may engage in surveillance tasks, which poses new demands on coordination between controllers and pilots.

    This thesis describes basic properties of current and new technology and procedures within civil aviation and the relation to distribution of tasks and responsibilities between pilots and controllers. It is recognised that the current distribution is largely based on the development of technological tools. As new technology allows information in the aviation system to be shared to much greater extent than in the present operational environment, it implies that the basis for present task allocation between controllers and pilots may be challenged. For new technology to be viable, appropriate procedures must be developed to assure safety within the air traffic system.

    To gain wide insight into current aviation, a multitude of data-collection methods have been applied including interviews, observations, and simulations. Interviews have been performed with controllers from several European countries. Observations have been performed in operational Air Traffic Control as well as operational flight. Observations have also been performed in simulations where some applications of the new technology have been investigated. Questionnaires were distributed to both pilots and controllers in a real-time simulation investigating Free Flight issues.

    Results show that operational activity is characterised by a large degree of flexibility. In some applications of new technology, certain tools and procedures have been identified that have been regarded inflexible. It is emphasised that continued development should be performed in international cooperation and introduced into operation gradually to minimise shortfalls of training.

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