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  • 151.
    Smaradottir, M. I.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Andersen, K.
    Univ Iceland, Dept Hlth Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Eiriksdottir, G.
    Icelandic Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Gudnason, V.
    Icelandic Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för trafikforskning, CTR.
    Ryden, L.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mellbin, L. G.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Copeptin and coronary artery calcium score in elderly adults without a cardiovascular history. A report from the ICELAND MI cohort2019Inngår i: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 40, s. 2717-2717Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 152. Smaradottir, M. I.
    et al.
    Ritsinger, V.
    Gyberg, V.
    Norhammar, A.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för trafikforskning, CTR. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Mellbin, L. G.
    Copeptin in patients with acute myocardial infarction and newly detected glucose abnormalities - A marker of increased stress susceptibility?: A report from the Glucose in Acute Myocardial Infarction cohort2017Inngår i: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research, ISSN 1479-1641, E-ISSN 1752-8984, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 69-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To characterize copeptin levels and to explore its prognostic importance in patients with acute myocardial infarction with newly detected glucose abnormalities. Methods: Copeptin was measured in 166 patients with acute myocardial infarction without known diabetes and in 168 age- and gender-matched controls. Participants were classified as having normal glucose tolerance or abnormal glucose tolerance (impaired glucose tolerance + type 2 diabetes mellitus) by oral glucose tolerance test. Study participants were followed over a decade for major cardiovascular event (acute myocardial infarction/stroke/congestive heart failure/cardiovascular death), cardiovascular and total death. Results: Median copeptin level was higher in patients (10.5 pmol/L) than controls (5.9 pmol/L; p < 0.01). Patients with abnormal glucose tolerance had higher copeptin (12.2 pmol/L) than those with normal glucose tolerance (7.9 pmol/L; p < 0.01) but levels of copeptin did not differ in controls with abnormal glucose tolerance or normal glucose tolerance. Copeptin predicted major cardiovascular events [n = 64; hazard ratio = 1.15 (1.01-1.32; p = 0.04)], cardiovascular mortality [n = 29; hazard ratio = 1.24 (1.06-1.46; p = 0.01)] and total death [n = 51; hazard ratio = 1.21 (1.05-1.40; p = 0.01)] in unadjusted Cox regression analyses in the patient cohort. In controls, copeptin predicted major cardiovascular events [n = 26; hazard ratio = 1.17 (1.01-1.36; p = 0.03)]. Conclusion: Copeptin levels are highest among acute myocardial infarction patients with glucose disturbances and predict an adverse prognosis in unadjusted analyses. These findings imply that raised copeptin reflects stress rather than acting as a pathogenic factor for glucose abnormalities.

  • 153. Stenquist, B
    et al.
    Rissler-Maier, K
    Näsman, P
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Local infiltration with ropivacaine 0.5% and mepivacaine 1.0% in patients operated upon for benign naevi: a double-blind comparison1994Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 154. Svedberg, B
    et al.
    Holmkvist, K
    Näsman, P
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Kärrman, E
    Olika värdering av nyttan med återvinning2005Inngår i: RVF-nytt, ISSN 0284-1827, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 155. Thedéen, T
    et al.
    Näsman, P
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Riskkontroll och riskanalys inom järnvägsområdet1992Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156. Thedéen, T
    et al.
    Näsman, P
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Stokastiska modeller: ett verktyg för före-/efterstudier?1994Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 157. Ungerstedt, J. S.
    et al.
    Watz, E.
    Uttervall, K.
    Johansson, B. -M
    Wahlin, B. E.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS.
    Ljungman, P.
    Gruber, A.
    Axdorph Nygell, U.
    Nahi, H.
    Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma and lymphoma: an analysis of factors influencing stem cell collection and hematological recovery2012Inngår i: Medical Oncology, ISSN 1357-0560, E-ISSN 1559-131X, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 2191-2199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Autologous stem cell transplantation is standard treatment for newly diagnosed younger patients with multiple myeloma and for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Patient characteristics influencing the yield from stem cell collection and time from transplant to platelet recovery were retrospectively analyzed in 630 consecutive patients, attempting to define adequate amounts of CD34+ cells to collect and reinfuse; 509/630 patients (81%) mobilized the requested CD34+ cell number. Factors influencing the harvest yield were age (P < 0.001) and gender, where 85% of men and 78% of women (P < 0.02) attained the requested stem cell amount. Time to platelet recovery was significantly faster for multiple myeloma patients compared to all other diagnoses (14.6 days compared to 19.8, P < 0.0001). Multiple myeloma patients were older than lymphoma patients but received stem cell transplant up-front as opposed to second line therapy for other patient groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that the most important factor influencing platelet recovery was diagnosis, followed by the amount of reinfused CD34+ cells (P < 0.001, P < 0.05). Blood group O+ had the fastest platelet recovery, whereas blood group A harvested the highest cell amounts. In conclusion, we demonstrate a significant importance of the number of reinfused CD34+ cells on the time to platelet recovery.

  • 158.
    Uttervall, K.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Andreasson, J.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Liwing, J.
    Janssen AB, Sollentuna, Sweden..
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE). Royal Inst Technol KTH, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Aschan, J.
    Janssen AB, Sollentuna, Sweden..
    Nahi, H.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Follow up of multiple myeloma patients with renal impairment during a 10 year period2012Inngår i: Haematologica, ISSN 0390-6078, E-ISSN 1592-8721, Vol. 97, s. 599-599Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 159. Uttervall, Katarina
    et al.
    Andreasson, Johan
    Liwing, Johan
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Aschan, Johan
    Nahi, Hareth
    Follow up of multiple myeloma patients with renal impairment during a 10 year period2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Renal impairment (RI) is a relatively common feature of multiplemyeloma (MM) and it has been shown in several studies that RI at diagnosiscorrelates to inferior survival, significant morbidity and increased early deathrate. Aims. To compare the efficacy of bortezomib-based treatment to otheranti-myeloma treatments during the course of the disease in patients presentingwith creatinine ≥130 μmol/L. The primary endpoint of the study was renalresponse (RR) in 1st, 2nd and 3rd line treatment. Time to progression (TTP), timeto next treatment (TTNT), overall survival (OS) and MM response were thesecondary endpoints.

  • 160. Uttervall, Katarina
    et al.
    Andreasson, Johan
    Liwing, Johan
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Aschan, Johan
    Nahi, Hareth
    Is Renal Impairment Still a Poor Prognostic Marker in Myeloma Care?: A Population Based Study Including 1542 Patients2012Inngår i: Blood, ISSN 0006-4971, E-ISSN 1528-0020, Vol. 120, nr 21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 161. von Arbin, M
    et al.
    Britton, M
    de Faire, U
    Näsman, P
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för transportstudier, CTS. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transport- och lokaliseringsanalys.
    Factors of prognostic significance for the long-term outcome after stroke1989Inngår i: Atherosclerotic manifestations in stroke patients – Clinical and epidemiological studies.: Thesis, Magnus von Arbin, Department of medicine, Karolinska Instituet, Stockholm: Department of medicine, Karolinska Institutet , 1989Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 162.
    Walinder, Göran
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Dept Hematol, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Samuelsson, Jan
    Linköping Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Linköping, Sweden..
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Fastighetsekonomi och finans.
    Hansson, Markus
    Lund Univ, Hematol, Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Lund, Sweden..
    Juliusson, Gunnar
    Lund Univ, Hematol, Lund, Sweden..
    Forsberg, Karin
    Norrlands Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Umeå, Sweden..
    Svensson, Ronald
    Linköping Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Linköping, Sweden..
    Linder, Olle
    Örebro Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Örebro, Sweden..
    Carlson, Kristina
    Uppsala Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Kristinsson, Sigurdur Y.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mellqvist, Ulf Henrik
    South Elvsborg Hosp, Dept Hematol, Borås, Sweden..
    Blimark, Cecilie Hveding
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Turesson, Ingemar
    Lund Univ, Hematol, Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Hematol, Lund, Sweden..
    Nahi, Hareth
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Dept Hematol, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Outcome and characteristics of non-measurable myeloma: A cohort study with population-based data from the Swedish Myeloma Registry2020Inngår i: European Journal of Haematology, ISSN 0902-4441, E-ISSN 1600-0609, Vol. 104, nr 5, s. 376-382Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective We describe survival in patients with oligo- and non-secretory multiple myeloma (MM). We refer to the whole group as non-measurable MM and compare it with secretory MM. Methods Oligo-secretory MM was defined as M protein in serum <10 g/L and M protein in urine <200 measured as mg/day, mg/liter or mg/mmol creatinine. If patients had no M protein, they were defined as non-secretory. The groups were also subdivided by Free Light Chains (SFLC) level and ratio. Results Out of 4325 patients with symptomatic MM in the Swedish Myeloma Registry during 2008-2016 eligible for the study, 389 patients (9%) had non-measurable MM. Out of these, 253 patients (6%) had oligo-secretory and 136 (3%) had non-secretory MM. Median survival for secretory MM was 42.7 months, non-measurable MM 40.2 months, oligo-secretory MM 38.6 months, and non-secretory MM 44.6 months. Difference in overall observed survival was non-significant for all groups when compared with secretory MM. Within non-secretory MM, stem cell transplantation (SCT), 95% being auto-SCT, was significant for superior survival in multivariate analysis (HR 0.048. P = .0015). Conclusion In this population-based study, we found no difference in survival between oligo- or non-secretory MM when compared with secretory MM. SCT appears to be important also for patients with non-secretory disease.

  • 163. Wang, A.
    et al.
    Arver, S.
    Flanagan, J.
    Mellbin, L. G.
    Gyberg, V.
    Malmberg, K.
    Norhammar, A.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.
    Ritsinger, V.
    Ryden, L.
    Testosterone in patients with acute myocardial infarction and glucose abnormalities and in matched controls: a report from the GAMI study2015Inngår i: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 58, s. S556-S557Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 164.
    Wang, Anne
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Cardiol, Dept Med, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Arver, Stefan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Ctr Androl & Sexual Med, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Flanagan, John
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Ctr Androl & Sexual Med, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Gyberg, Viveca
    Karolinska Inst, Div Cardiol, Dept Med, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol, Ctr Family Med Care Sci & Soc, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Ritsinger, Viveca
    Karolinska Inst, Div Cardiol, Dept Med, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.;Reg Kronoberg, Dept Res & Dev, Vaxjo, Sweden..
    Mellbin, Linda G.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Cardiol, Dept Med, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Heart & Vasc Theme, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Dynamics of testosterone levels in patients with newly detected glucose abnormalities and acute myocardial infarction2018Inngår i: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research, ISSN 1479-1641, E-ISSN 1752-8984, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 511-518Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Low testosterone has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk and glucose abnormalities. This study explored the prevalence of low testosterone, dynamics over time and prognostic implications in acute myocardial infarction patients with or without glucose abnormalities. Methods: Male acute myocardial infarction patients (n = 123) and healthy controls (n = 124) were categorised as having normal or abnormal glucose tolerance (impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes) by oral glucose tolerance testing. Testosterone was measured at hospital admission, discharge, 3 and 12 months thereafter in patients. Patients and controls were followed for 11 years for major cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death/acute myocardial infarction/stroke/severe heart failure). Results: At hospital admission, more patients had low testosterone (<= 300 ng/dl) and lower median levels than controls (64 vs 28%; p < 0.001 and 243 vs 380 ng/dl; p < 0.01). At the subsequent time points, testosterone had increased to 311, 345 and 357 ng/dl. Patients with abnormal glucose tolerance had the highest prevalence (75%) of low levels. In adjusted Cox regression models, neither total nor free testosterone predicted major cardiovascular events. Conclusion: Low testosterone levels were common in male acute myocardial infarction patients in the acute phase, especially in the presence of abnormal glucose tolerance, but increased over time indicating that testosterone measured in close proximity to acute myocardial infarction should be interpreted with caution.

  • 165. Wilczek, M
    et al.
    Näsman, P
    Kälvesten, J
    Algulin, J
    Brismar, T
    Patients Who Will Suffer from a Hip Fracture Have Lower BMD when Analyzing Previously Obtained Standard Hand and Wrist Radiographs by Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry (DXR)2010Inngår i: Radiological Society of North America 2010 Scientific Assembly and Annual MeetingArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 166.
    Ängskog, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elektroteknik, Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande. Center for Safety Research.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Resilience to Intentional Electromagnetic Interference Is Required for Connected Autonomous Vehicles2019Inngår i: IEEE transactions on electromagnetic compatibility (Print), ISSN 0018-9375, E-ISSN 1558-187X, Vol. 61, nr 5, s. 1552-1559Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The connected autonomous vehicle (CAV) will never be completely autonomous; on the contrary, it will be heavily dependent on so-called vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) for its function. To deserve the trust of the general public, the vehicles as well as the intelligent transport system (ITS) infrastructure must be able to handle not only natural disturbances but also attacks of malicious nature. In this paper, we discuss the effects of antagonistic attacks using intentional electromagnetic interference (IEMI) and how the antagonistic nature of the threat renders probabilistic risk analysis inadequate for the defense of the vehicles and the infrastructure. Instead, we propose a shift toward resilience engineering and vulnerability analysis to manage antagonistic threats. Finally, we also give two examples of possible scenarios to illustrate the type of situations a CAV must be able to handle.

  • 167.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Säkerhetsforskning (stängd 20110301).
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Säkerhetsforskning (stängd 20110301).
    Factors Affecting Continuation of Smoking by Pregnant and Non-pregnant Women2009Inngår i: Substance Abuse, ISSN 0889-7077, E-ISSN 1573-6733, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 150-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to test a framework based upon the value and the probability of outcomes related to smoking. Over a 2-week period, 80 women were asked to perform judgments of value and probability of the outcome for smoking-related consequences. Subgroups were formed by the two variables of pregnancy and intent to quit smoking. Judgments were performed given the conditions of quitting and not quitting smoking. The intent to quit or not quit smoking had an impact on expected utility of smoking. Moreover, there was a difference between expected utility given the conditions of not quitting smoking and quitting smoking. A framework based upon values and beliefs appears to be useful in describing the addictive behavior of smoking and can be applied in developing smoking-cessation education.

  • 168.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Judgments of Risk for Consequences of Continuing or Quitting Smoking: A Study of Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women Intending and not Intending to Quit2008Inngår i: American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, ISSN 0095-2990, E-ISSN 1097-9891, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 225-233Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Objectives: To study perceived smoking-related consequences of continuing and of quitting smoking. Methods: Eighty women, with subgroups formed by pregnant/nonpregnant women and trying/not trying to quit smoking, performed judgments of the probability for consequences to occur given the conditions of continuing or quitting smoking. Results: For both the pregnant and nonpregnant women, the probability that consequences will occur was rated as less likely given the condition of quitting smoking. The condition of quitting had its greatest effect on the probability that somatic consequences would occur. Conclusion: Consequences of smoking for somatic health should be stressed in health promotion, especially to pregnant women.

  • 169.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
     Perception of smoking-related health consequences among pregnant and non-pregnant women2007Inngår i: American Journal on Addictions, ISSN 1055-0496, E-ISSN 1521-0391, Vol. 16, nr 6, s. 521-527Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective was to examine the perception of smoking-related health consequences and its relationship to pregnancy and intent to quit. Over a two-week period, pregnant and non-pregnant women, intending and not intending to quit smoking, rated the probability for smoking-related health consequences to occur, given continuing to smoke and quitting smoking. Pregnant women who did not intend to quit smoking exhibited the lowest estimated probability for the smoking-related health consequences to occur if they continued smoking. For all women, there was a statistically significant estimated effect of quitting smoking. Renewed attention needs to be given to perceptions of health risks of smoking, especially among pregnant women.

  • 170.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Quitting smoking is perceived to have an effect on somatic health among pregnant and non-pregnant women2008Inngår i: The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, ISSN 1476-7058, E-ISSN 1476-4954, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 239-246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To examine the association of pregnancy and intent to quit smoking with perception of the somatic health risk of smoking and the effect on risk of quitting smoking. Methods. Pregnant and non-pregnant women, intending and not intending to quit smoking, (n = 80) over a two-week period rated the probability for smoking-related health consequences to occur, given both conditions of not quitting smoking and of quitting smoking. Results. Groups were the determining variable accounting for differences in risk perception. For pregnant women who did not intend to quit smoking, the estimated probability for the consequences to occur was generally low given the condition of continuing to smoke. There was no effect for time. The estimated effect of quitting smoking was statistically significant. Conclusions. Future campaigns need to integrate risk information so that it can be grounded cognitively in order to increase the personal responsibility that women take for their own health and the health of the fetus.

  • 171.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Somatic, psychological and social judgments related to smoking among pregnant and non-pregnant women2007Inngår i: Journal of Addictive Diseases, ISSN 1055-0887, E-ISSN 1545-0848, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 69-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To examine the association between pregnancy and judgments about a range of somatic, psychological and social events and conditions related to smoking. Basic Procedures: Pregnant and non-pregnant women smokers, intending and not intending to quit, were contacted in family practices in Bulgaria where they were under ordinary medical observation. All 80 women in the study were asked to rate consequences related to smoking in terms of how good or bad they were. Results: Being pregnant or not pregnant had the main effect on rated values of smoking-related consequences, with non-pregnant women giving the least positive ratings across the time-span of the study and whether or not they intended to quit. No statistically significant difference was obtained between the quitting and non-quitting women, and there was only one statistically significant difference for different days. Conclusions: The physical variable of pregnancy has a larger impact on judgments about smoking compared to the motivational aspect of intending to quit.

  • 172.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Use of coping techniques as a predictor of lapse when quitting smoking among pregnant and non-pregnant women2007Inngår i: American Journal on Addictions, ISSN 1055-0496, E-ISSN 1521-0391, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 238-243Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined the number of lapses among pregnant and non-pregnant women when trying to quit smoking, number of coping techniques used, and the relationship between any lapse and usage of coping techniques. Forty women were followed over a two-week period. On day 14, the women rated how often eleven different coping techniques were used. One-fourth of the women lapsed every day. If non-pregnant, the odds ratio was eight times higher compared to being pregnant for any lapse during the period. Being pregnant gives a higher success rate in attempts to quit smoking.

  • 173.
    Örtendahl, Monica
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Uttermalm, Alf
    Simonsson, Bo
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi, Säkerhetsforskning.
    Wallsten, Tuula
    Estimated Time for Occurrence of Smoking-Related Consequences among Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women2009Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To study time estimates by women smokers for when smokingrelated consequences will occur given continuing or quitting smoking. The relationship of these estimates to pregnancy and intent to quit smoking was also investigated. Methods: Over a two-week period, eighty women, selected to constitute four subgroups formed by pregnant vs. non-pregnant and trying vs. not trying to quit smoking, rated times at which they would expect smoking-related consequences to occur given continuing or quitting smoking. Results: Somatic health consequences were estimated to occur later than consequences related to mood and social relations. All consequences were estimated to occur later given quitting smoking. Pregnancy had an effect on the estimated time that consequences would occur, with pregnant women estimating earlier occurrence of consequences related to mood and social relations than non-pregnant women did. Conclusion: Health messages should stress consequences for somatic health in quitting smoking, since outcomes later in time might have too low a value to exert a positive effect on decisions to quit smoking.

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