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  • 151.
    Amini, Nima
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Stable multivariate generalizations of matching polynomialsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The first part of this note concerns stable averages of multivariate matching polynomials. In proving the existence of infinite families of bipartite Ramanujan d-coverings, Hall, Puder and Sawin introduced the d-matching polynomial of a graph G, defined as the uniform average of matching polynomials over the set of d-sheeted covering graphs of G. We prove that a natural multivariate version of the d-matching polynomial is stable, consequently giving a short direct proof of the real-rootedness of the d-matching polynomial. Our theorem also includes graphs with loops, thus answering a question of said authors. Furthermore we define a weaker notion of matchings for hypergraphs and prove that a family of natural polynomials associated to such matchings are stable. In particular this provides a hypergraphic generalization of the classical Heilmann-Lieb theorem.

  • 152.
    Amini, Nima
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Alexandersson, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    The cone of cyclic sieving phenomena2019Ingår i: Discrete Mathematics, ISSN 0012-365X, E-ISSN 1872-681X, Vol. 342, nr 6, s. 1581-1601Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study cyclic sieving phenomena (CSP) on combinatorial objects from an abstract point of view by considering a rational polyhedral cone determined by the linear equations that define such phenomena. Each lattice point in the cone corresponds to a non-negative integer matrix which jointly records the statistic and cyclic order distribution associated with the set of objects realizing the CSP. In particular we consider a universal subcone onto which every CSP matrix linearly projects such that the projection realizes a CSP with the same cyclic orbit structure, but via a universal statistic that has even distribution on the orbits.

    Reiner et.al. showed that every cyclic action gives rise to a unique polynomial (mod q^n-1) complementing the action to a CSP. We give a necessary and sufficient criterion for the converse to hold. This characterization allows one to determine if a combinatorial set with a statistic gives rise (in principle) to a CSP without having a combinatorial realization of the cyclic action. We apply the criterion to conjecture a new CSP involving stretched Schur polynomials and prove our conjecture for certain rectangular tableaux. Finally we study some geometric properties of the CSP cone. We explicitly determine its half-space description and in the prime order case we determine its extreme rays.

  • 153.
    Amini, Nima
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Brändén, Petter
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Non-representable hyperbolic matroids2018Ingår i: Advances in Mathematics, ISSN 0001-8708, E-ISSN 1090-2082, Vol. 334, s. 417-449Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The generalized Lax conjecture asserts that each hyperbolicity cone is a linear slice of the cone of positive semidefinite matrices. Hyperbolic polynomials give rise to a class of (hyperbolic) matroids which properly contains the class of matroids representable over the complex numbers. This connection was used by the second author to construct counterexamples to algebraic (stronger) versions of the generalized Lax conjecture by considering a non-representable hyperbolic matroid. The Vamos matroid and a generalization of it are, prior to this work, the only known instances of non-representable hyperbolic matroids. We prove that the Non-Pappus and Non-Desargues matroids are non-representable hyperbolic matroids by exploiting a connection between Euclidean Jordan algebras and projective geometries. We further identify a large class of hyperbolic matroids which contains the Vamos matroid and the generalized Vamos matroids recently studied by Burton, Vinzant and Youm. This proves a conjecture of Burton et al. We also prove that many of the matroids considered here are non representable. The proof of hyperbolicity for the matroids in the class depends on proving nonnegativity of certain symmetric polynomials. In particular we generalize and strengthen several inequalities in the literature, such as the Laguerre Turan inequality and an inequality due to Jensen. Finally we explore consequences to algebraic versions of the generalized Lax conjecture.

  • 154. Ammann, B.
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Humbert, E.
    The conformal Yamabe constant of product manifolds2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, ISSN 0002-9939, E-ISSN 1088-6826, Vol. 141, nr 1, s. 295-307Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Let (V, g) and (W, h) be compact Riemannian manifolds of dimension at least 3. We derive a lower bound for the conformal Yamabe constant of the product manifold (V × W, g + h) in terms of the conformal Yamabe constants of (V, g) and (W, h).

  • 155. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Hermann, Andreas
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Mass endomorphism, surgery and perturbations2014Ingår i: Annales de l'Institut Fourier, ISSN 0373-0956, E-ISSN 1777-5310, Vol. 64, nr 2, s. 467-487Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove that the mass endomorphism associated to the Dirac operator on a Riemannian manifold is non-zero for generic Riemannian metrics. The proof involves a study of the mass endomorphism under surgery, its behavior near metrics with harmonic spinors, and analytic perturbation arguments.

  • 156. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Harmonic spinors and local deformations of the metric2011Ingår i: Mathematical Research Letters, ISSN 1073-2780, E-ISSN 1945-001X, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 927-936Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Let (M, g) be a compact Riemannian spin manifold. The Atiyah-Singer index theorem yields a lower bound for the dimension of the kernel of the Dirac operator. We prove that this bound can be attained by changing the Riemannian metric g on an arbitrarily small open set.

  • 157. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Low-dimensional surgery and the Yamabe invariant2015Ingår i: Journal of the Mathematical Society of Japan, ISSN 0025-5645, E-ISSN 1881-1167, Vol. 67, nr 1, s. 159-182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Assume that M is a compact n-dimensional manifold and that N is obtained by surgery along a k-dimensional sphere, k <= n - 3. The smooth Yamabe invariants sigma(M) and sigma(N) satisfy sigma(N) >= min(sigma(M), Lambda) for a constant Lambda > 0 depending only on n and k. We derive explicit positive lower bounds for A in dimensions where previous methods failed, namely for (n, k) is an element of {(4, 1), (5, 1), (5, 2), (6, 3), (9, 1), (10, 1)}. With methods from surgery theory and bordism theory several gap phenomena for smooth Yamabe invariants can be deduced.

  • 158. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Smooth yamabe invariant and surgery2013Ingår i: Journal of differential geometry, ISSN 0022-040X, E-ISSN 1945-743X, Vol. 94, nr 1, s. 1-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove a surgery formula for the smooth Yamabe invariant sigma(M) of a compact manifold M. Assume that N is obtained from M by surgery of codimension at least 3. We prove the existence of a positive constant Lambda(n), depending only on the dimension n of M, such that sigma(N) >= min{sigma(M), Lambda(n)}.

  • 159. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Square-integrability of solutions of the Yamabe equation2013Ingår i: Communications in analysis and geometry, ISSN 1019-8385, E-ISSN 1944-9992, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 891-916Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that solutions of the Yamabe equation on certain n-dimensional non-compact Riemannian manifolds, which are bounded and L-p for p = 2n/(n -2) are also L-2. This L-p-L-2 implication provides explicit constants in the surgery-monotonicity formula for the smooth Yamabe invariant in our paper [4]. As an application we see that the smooth Yamabe invariant of any two-connected compact seven-dimensional manifold is at least 74.5. Similar conclusions follow in dimension 8 and in dimensions >= 11.

  • 160. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Surgery and harmonic spinors2009Ingår i: Advances in Mathematics, ISSN 0001-8708, E-ISSN 1090-2082, Vol. 220, nr 2, s. 523-539Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Let M he a compact spin manifold with a chosen spin structure. The Atiyah-Singer index theorem implies that for any Riemannian metric on M the dimension of the kernel of the Dirac operator is bounded from below by a topological quantity depending only on M and the spin structure. We show that for generic metrics on M this bound is attained.

  • 161. Ammann, Bernd
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Humbert, Emmanuel
    Surgery and the Spinorial tau-Invariant2009Ingår i: Communications in Partial Differential Equations, ISSN 0360-5302, E-ISSN 1532-4133, Vol. 34, nr 10, s. 1147-1179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We associate to a compact spin manifold M a real-valued invariant (M) by taking the supremum over all conformal classes of the infimum inside each conformal class of the first positive Dirac eigenvalue, when the metrics are normalized to unit volume. This invariant is a spinorial analogue of Schoen's sigma-constant, also known as the smooth Yamabe invariant. We prove that if N is obtained from M by surgery of codimension at least 2 then (N) epsilon min{(M), n}, where n is a positive constant depending only on n=dim M. Various topological conclusions can be drawn, in particular that is a spin-bordism invariant below n. Also, below n the values of cannot accumulate from above when varied over all manifolds of dimension n.

  • 162.
    Ammar, Ofir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Mathematics2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    An open problem introduced by J. Haglund was to find a bijective proof over Dyck paths that would interchange two of its statistics. This problem was known to be The Symmetry Problem of the q,t-Catalan polynomial and was proven by other means to be true. This project is an attempt to find a bijection, where we provide the bijection's behaviour under certain constrains. Then, we introduce an attempt to translate the problem from Dyck paths to other combinatorial structures. Finally we try to solve a related conjecture, called The Symmetry Problem of parking functions, which generalizes the previous problem. Some results we obtained from The Symmetry Problem of parking functions helped us characterize part of a bijective proof for Dyck paths.

  • 163.
    Amsköld, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    A comparison between different volatility models2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 164.
    Amundsson, Karl
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Approximate Bayesian Learning of Partition Directed Acyclic Graphs2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Partitionerade riktade acykliska grafer (engelska: PDAGs) är en modell där tabeller över betingade sannolikheter partitioneras i delar med lika sannolikhet. Detta gör att antalet parametrar som ska bestämmas kan reduceras, vilket i sin tur gör problemet beräkningsmässigt enklare. Ett känt samband mellan PDAGs och betecknade riktade acykliska grafer (engelska: LDAGs) sammanfattas här. Sedan jämförs en klustringsalgoritm med en algoritm som exakt bestämmer en PDAG. Klustringsalgoritmens pålitlighet kollas genom att använda den på simulerad data där det förväntade resultatet är känt.

  • 165.
    Amundsson, Karl
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI).
    Morphisms of Fusion Systems2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A fusion system on a finite group G with a Sylow p-subgroup P is a category on P with all subgroups of P as objects and group homomorphisms induced by conjugation in G as morphisms and was first introduced by L. Puig around 1990 in order to aid his research in finite group theory. The idea turned out to be fruitful and today, the theory of fusion systems is an active field in mathematics, with applications to topology, representation theory and finite group theory.

    In this paper, we will, among other things, see how fusion systems aid in solving problems in finite group theory. We begin with an introduction to the theory with basic examples and then proceed to prove two famous theorems named after Burnside and Frobenius. However, to finish the proof of Frobenius’ theorem, we will require the focal subgroup theorem, whose proof requires transfer theory and is thus discussed. Afterwards, we introduce abstract and saturated fusion systems, in which one disregard the underlying group, and later prove that every fusion system on a finite group is saturated. We end with a discussion of morphisms of fusion systems, utilizing the concept previously developed, and generalize the isomorphism theorems to saturated fusion systems.

    The presentation is well adapted for undergraduate students with limited knowledge of group and category theory and no previous knowledge of fusion systems is assumed.

  • 166.
    Anastasiou, Aspasia
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
    Borsten, L.
    Dublin Inst Adv Studies, Sch Theoret Phys, 10 Burlington Rd, Dublin 4, Ireland..
    Duff, M. J.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theoret Phys, London SW7 2AZ, England.;Univ Oxford, Math Inst, Radcliffe Observ Quarter, Andrew Wiles Bldg,Woodstock Rd, Oxford OX2 6GG, England..
    Marrani, A.
    Museo Stor Fis, Via Panisperna 89A, I-00184 Rome, Italy.;Ctr Studi & Ric Enrico Fermi, Via Panisperna 89A, I-00184 Rome, Italy.;Univ Padua, Dipartimento Fis & Astron Galileo Galilei, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy.;INFN, Sez Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Nagy, S.
    Ctr Astron & Particle Theory, Univ Pk, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England..
    Zoccali, M.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theoret Phys, London SW7 2AZ, England..
    The mile high magic pyramid2019Ingår i: NONASSOCIATIVE MATHEMATICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS / [ed] Vojtechovsky, P Bremner, MR Carter, JS Evans, AB Huerta, J Kinyon, MK Moorhouse, GE Smith, JDH, AMER MATHEMATICAL SOC , 2019, s. 1-27Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a unified formulation of N = 1, 2, 4, 8, super Yang-Mills theories in D = 3 spacetime dimensions with fields valued respectively in R, C, H, O, it was shown that tensoring left and right multiplets yields a Freudenthal magic square of D = 3 supergravities. When tied in with the more familiar R, C, H, O description of super Yang-Mills in D = 3, 4, 6, 10 this results in a magic pyramid of supergravities: the known 4x4 magic square at the base in D = 3, a 3x3 square in D = 4, a 2x2 square in D = 6 and Type II supergravity at the apex in D = 10.

  • 167.
    Andblom, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Optimeringslära och systemteori.
    Improved Differential Diagnostics Using Methods in Machine Learning and Regression2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns ett behov från både patienten och samhället att ha effektiva verktyg för differentialdiagnostik. Matematiska förhållanden mellan sjukdomar och ob-serverbara konsekvenser definieras i uppsatsen. Specifikt så används artificiella neuronnät i modelleringen av läkarens metodik. För att föreslå ytterligare labprover eller symptom att leta efter inverteras nätverket genom att studera ett minimeringsproblem där målfunktionens gradient kan beräknas analytiskt. På grund av svårigheter i att erhålla verklig medicinsk data konstruerades ett program för att generera artificiell patientdata. Denna patientdata kommer att användas för att etablera bevis på koncept. Några mått på kvalitén av patientdata definieras och används för att modellera nätverkets noggrannhet och träningstid. Det uppskattas sedan att ett problem med 4000 diagnoser och 20 000 observerbara konsekvenser skulle kräva 200 000 patienter för att uppnå en klassificeringsnoggrannhet på 99%med en träningstid på 50 timmar beroende på beräkningskraften. I helhet verkar lösningsstrategin lovande men studier på verklig data krävs för definitiva svar.

  • 168.
    Anderl, Daniela
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC).
    Modeling of a Cooling Airflow in an Electric Motor.2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    En elektrisk motor producerar mycket värme och kylningen av en sådan motor blir högst viktig. För att tillse ett luftflöde som uppfyller nedkylningskraven roterar en fläkt med motorn. Olyckligtvis uppfyller inte, typiskt sett, ett sådant system krav på buller. Detta arbete analyserar fläkten utifrån dess genererade buller och kapacitet och föreslår en förbättrad fläktdesign. Beräkningen av luftflödet utförs med mjukvaran COMSOL. Till en början sammanfattas översiktligt olika riktlinjer för fläktdesign och bullerkällor från fläkten. Nästföljande del beskriver det konkreta förloppet av simuleringen i COMSOL. Efter att dessa grundläggande frågor diskuterats utreds de olika bullerkällorna, specifikt bandbredd och tonljud, för fläkten och den förbättrade designen. Analys av olika geometriska parametrar utförs utifrån fläktkapaciteten, alltså det förflyttade luftflödet tillsammans med det genererade tryckskillnaderna. Till slut sammanfattas resultaten av dessa studier. Resultatet av detta blir att en förbättrad design påvisas.

  • 169.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Smart Beta Investering Baserad på Makroekonomiska Indikatorer2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen undersöker möjligheten att hitta ett förhållande mellan Nasdaq Nordeas Smart Beta Index och en serie av makroekonomiska indikatorer. Detta förhållande kommer att implementeras som ett signalvärde i en portfölj bestående av alla sex index. För att se vilken påverkan signalvärdet har på en portföljs prestanda så undersöks tre portföljstrategier där den likaviktade portföljen används som riktmärke. Portföljerna ska omviktas varje månad och de portföljer som undersöks är mean-variance portföljen baserad på förhållandet med makroindikatorerna samt utan och den likaviktade portföljen baserad på förhållandet med makroindikatorerna.

    För att kunna göra en prognos av portföljens prestanda anpassas en multivariat GARCH modell med tidsvarierande korrelationer till denna data. Tre stycken felfördelningar övervägs för modellen. Portföljens prestanda mäts både för prognosen samt för tiden med känd data och analysen är baserad på portföljernas Sharpe ratio.

    Resultaten visar på att den portfölj som presterar bäst i tiden med känd data är meanvariance portföljen baserad på makroindikatorerna. I tiden för prognosen så är ingen port- följs Sharpe ratio statistiskt skild från den av den likaviktade portföljen.

  • 170.
    Andersson, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    A mixed relaxed singular maximum principle for linear SDEs with random coefficientsArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study singular stochastic control of a two dimensional stochastic differential equation, where the first component is linear with random and unbounded coefficients. We derive existence of an optimal relaxed control and necessary conditions for optimality in the form of a mixed relaxed-singular maximum principle in a global form. A motivating example is given in the form of an optimal investment and consumption problem with transaction costs, where we consider a portfolio with a continuum of bonds and where the portfolio weights are modeled as measure-valued processes on the set of times to maturity.

  • 171.
    Andersson, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Contributions to the Stochastic Maximum Principle2009Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four papers treating the maximum principle for stochastic control problems.

    In the first paper we study the optimal control of a class of stochastic differential equations (SDEs) of mean-field type, where the coefficients are allowed to depend on the law of the process. Moreover, the cost functional of the control problem may also depend on the law of the process. Necessary and sufficient conditions for optimality are derived in the form of a maximum principle, which is also applied to solve the mean-variance portfolio problem.

    In the second paper, we study the problem of controlling a linear SDE where the coefficients are random and not necessarily bounded. We consider relaxed control processes, i.e. the control is defined as a process taking values in the space of probability measures on the control set. The main motivation is a bond portfolio optimization problem. The relaxed control processes are then interpreted as the portfolio weights corresponding to different maturity times of the bonds. We establish existence of an optimal control and necessary conditons for optimality in the form of a maximum principle, extended to include the family of relaxed controls.

    The third paper generalizes the second one by adding a singular control process to the SDE. That is, the control is singular with respect to the Lebesgue measure and its influence on the state is thus not continuous in time. In terms of the portfolio problem, this allows us to consider two investment possibilities - bonds (with a continuum of maturities) and stocks - and incur transaction costs between the two accounts.

    In the fourth paper we consider a general singular control problem. The absolutely continuous part of the control is relaxed in the classical way, i.e. the generator of the corresponding martingale problem is integrated with respect to a probability measure, guaranteeing the existence of an optimal control. This is shown to correspond to an SDE driven by a continuous orthogonal martingale measure. A maximum principle which describes necessary conditions for optimal relaxed singular control is derived.

  • 172.
    Andersson, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Necessary Optimality Conditions for Two Stochastic Control Problems2008Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of two papers concerning necessary conditions in stochastic control problems. In the first paper, we study the problem of controlling a linear stochastic differential equation (SDE) where the coefficients are random and not necessarily bounded. We consider relaxed control processes, i.e. the control is defined as a process taking values in the space of probability measures on the control set. The main motivation is a bond portfolio optimization problem. The relaxed control processes are then interpreted as the portfolio weights corresponding to different maturity times of the bonds. We establish existence of an optimal control and necessary conditions for optimality in the form of a maximum principle, extended to include the family of relaxed controls.

    In the second paper we consider the so-called singular control problem where the control consists of two components, one absolutely continuous and one singular. The absolutely continuous part of the control is allowed to enter both the drift and diffusion coefficient. The absolutely continuous part is relaxed in the classical way, i.e. the generator of the corresponding martingale problem is integrated with respect to a probability measure, guaranteeing the existence of an optimal control. This is shown to correspond to an SDE driven by a continuous orthogonal martingale measure. A maximum principle which describes necessary conditions for optimal relaxed singular control is derived.

  • 173.
    Andersson, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    The relaxed general maximum principle for singular optimal control of diffusions2009Ingår i: Systems & control letters (Print), ISSN 0167-6911, E-ISSN 1872-7956, ISSN 01676911, Vol. 58, nr 1, s. 76-82Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study optimality in stochastic control problems where the state process is a stochastic differential equation (SDE) and the control variable has two components, the first being absolutely continuous and the second singular. A control is defined as a solution to the corresponding martingale problem. To obtain existence of an optimal control Haussmann and Suo [U.G. Haussmann, W. Suo, Singular optimal stochastic controls I: Existence, SIAM J. Control Optim. 33 (3) (1995) 916-936] relaxed the martingale problem by extending the absolutely continuous control to the space of probability measures on the control set. Bahlali et al. [S. Bahlali, B. Djehiche, B. Mezerdi, The relaxed stochastic maximum principle in singular optimal control of diffusions, SIAM J. Control Optim. 46 (2) (2007) 427-444] established a maximum principle for relaxed singular control problems with uncontrolled diffusion coefficient. The main goal of this paper is to extend their results to the case where the control enters the diffusion coefficient. The proof is based on necessary conditions for near optimality of a sequence of ordinary controls which approximate the optimal relaxed control. The necessary conditions for near optimality are obtained by Ekeland's variational principle and the general maximum principle for (strict) singular control problems obtained in Bahlali and Mezerdi [S. Bahlali, B. Mezerdi, A general stochastic maximum principle for singular control problems, Electron J. Probab. 10 (2005) 988-1004. Paper no 30]. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 174.
    Andersson, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    The relaxed stochastic maximum principle in singular optimal control of diffusions with controlled diffusion coefficientManuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 175.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    A maximum principle for relaxed stochastic control of linear SDEs with application to bond portfolio optimization2010Ingår i: Mathematical Methods of Operations Research, ISSN 1432-2994, E-ISSN 1432-5217, Vol. 72, nr 2, s. 273-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study relaxed stochastic control problems where the state equation is a one dimensional linear stochastic differential equation with random and unbounded coefficients. The two main results are existence of an optimal relaxed control and necessary conditions for optimality in the form of a relaxed maximum principle. The main motivation is an optimal bond portfolio problem in a market where there exists a continuum of bonds and the portfolio weights are modeled as measure-valued processes on the set of times to maturity.

  • 176.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Djehiche, Boualem
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    A maximum principle for SDEs of mean-field type2011Ingår i: Applied mathematics and optimization, ISSN 0095-4616, E-ISSN 1432-0606, Vol. 63, nr 3, s. 341-356Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the optimal control of a stochastic differential equation (SDE) of mean-field type, where the coefficients are allowed to depend on some functional of the law as well as the state of the process. Moreover the cost functional is also of mean-field type, which makes the control problem time inconsistent in the sense that the Bellman optimality principle does not hold. Under the assumption of a convex action space a maximum principle of local form is derived, specifying the necessary conditions for optimality. These are also shown to be sufficient under additional assumptions. This maximum principle differs from the classical one, where the adjoint equation is a linear backward SDE, since here the adjoint equation turns out to be a linear mean-field backward SDE. As an illustration, we apply the result to the mean-variance portfolio selection problem.

  • 177.
    Andersson, Gabriella
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Karlsson, Louise
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Factors affecting the proportion of smartphone usage at Flygresor.se2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fler och fler användare går över till att använda internet från desktop till mobila enheter. Denna utveckling har lett till att vi idag står inför ett skifte från e-commerce till m-commerce. Ett problem med detta skifte är att många e-handelsaktörer har svårt att hålla konverteringsgraden på samma nivå i mobilen som på desktop. Med detta som bakgrund syftade denna studie till att kartlägga de faktorer som påverkar andelen smartphonebesökare på en hemsida, i den här studien på jämförelsesajten Flygresor.se. Metoden som användes var multipel linjär regressionsanalys. För att identifiera om vikterna på förklaringsvariablerna skiljde sig åt mellan andelen Sessioner och andelen Transaktioner genomfördes två regressioner. Sessioner refererade till andelen inklick på hemsida via smartphone och Transaktioner refererade till andelen vidareklick från hemsida till slutgiltig bokningssajt via smartphone. De förklaringsvariabler som användes delades in i olika kategorier; Marknadsföring, Trafikslag, Säsong och Övriga, där kategorin Övriga bestod av variablerna Totalt antal besök på hemsida och Dataförbrukning per smartphone per dag. Studien visade att alla kategorier innehöll variabler med signifikant påverkan på responsvariablerna. Studien visade också att endast en variabel hade olika påverkan på de två analyserna, nämligen Totalt antal besök på hemsida. Detta indikerar att smartphoneanvändare tenderar att, i förhållande till desktopanvändare, i lägre grad klicka sig vidare till den slutgiltiga bokningssidan. Då ingen annan variabel visade sig ha betydande effekt enbart på regressionsanalysen med responsvariabeln Transaktioner antas det finnas andra faktorer med större påverkan på smartphoneanvändares benägenhet att slutföra en bokning.

  • 178.
    Andersson, Jerker
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Optimeringslära och systemteori.
    Solving the Train Timetabling Problem by using Rapid Branching2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is the implementation of rapid branching to find an integer solution for the train timetabling problem. The techniques that rapid branching are based on are presented. The important aspect of rapid branching are discussed and then the algorithm is applied to some artificial problems. It is shown that rapid branching can be both faster and slower than a standard integer solver depending on the problem instance. For the most realistic set of the examined instances, rapid branching turned out to be faster than the standard integer solver and produce satisficingly high quality solutions.

     

  • 179.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Falk, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Missing Data in Value-at-Risk Analysis: Conditional Imputation in Optimal Portfolios Using Regression2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A regression-based method is presented in order toregenerate missing data points in stock return time series. The method usesonly complete time series of assets in optimal portfolios, in which the returnsof the underlying tend to correlate inadequately with each other. The studyshows that the method is able to replicate empirical VaR-backtesting resultswhere all data are available, even when up to 90% of the time series in half ofthe assets in the portfolios have been removed.

  • 180.
    Andersson, Joakim
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Wiesinger, Jakob
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Counting words avoiding patterns of length three with generating functions2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mängden av 123-undvikande ord med exakt r förekomster av varje bokstav enumererades nyligen av N. Shar och D. Zeilberger. Detta arbete enumererar mer komplicerade mängder av mönsterundvikande ord, såsom de som tillåter 1,2, ... eller r förekomster av varje bokstav, eller de för vilka antalet förekomster av varje enskild bokstav följer en upprepande sekvens. Resultaten generaliseras även till att gälla alla mönster av längd tre med distinkta bokstäver. De genererande funktionerna som enumererar orden bevisas vara algebraiska, för alla undersökta ordmängder. Ett ansenligt antal koefficienter för de relevanta genererande funktionerna har beräknats och de första av dessa har bekräftats med oberoende metoder. Dessa koefficienters asymptotiska beteende har visats vara exponentiellt. Metoden som utnyttjas involverar en uppdelning i delord som tillåter konstruerandet av ekvationer som relaterar de genererande funktionerna.

  • 181.
    Andersson, Joel
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    On Invertibility of the Radon Transform and Compressive Sensing2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contains three articles. The first two concern inversion andlocal injectivity of the weighted Radon transform in the plane. The thirdpaper concerns two of the key results from compressive sensing.In Paper A we prove an identity involving three singular double integrals.This is then used to prove an inversion formula for the weighted Radon transform,allowing all weight functions that have been considered previously.Paper B is devoted to stability estimates of the standard and weightedlocal Radon transform. The estimates will hold for functions that satisfy an apriori bound. When weights are involved they must solve a certain differentialequation and fulfill some regularity assumptions.In Paper C we present some new constant bounds. Firstly we presenta version of the theorem of uniform recovery of random sampling matrices,where explicit constants have not been presented before. Secondly we improvethe condition when the so-called restricted isometry property implies the nullspace property.

  • 182.
    Andersson, Joel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Boman, Jan
    Stockholm University.
    Stability estimates with a priori bound for the inverse local Radon transformManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the inverse problem for the 2-dimensional weighted local Radon transform , where  is supported in  and is defined near . For weight functions satisfying a certain differential equation we give weak estimates of in terms of  for functions  that satisfies an a priori bound.

  • 183.
    Andersson, Joel
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Strömberg, Jan-Olov
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    On the Theorem of Uniform Recovery of Random Sampling Matrices2014Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, ISSN 0018-9448, E-ISSN 1557-9654, Vol. 60, nr 3, s. 1700-1710Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider two theorems from the theory of compressive sensing. Mainly a theorem concerning uniform recovery of random sampling matrices, where the number of samples needed in order to recover an s-sparse signal from linear measurements (with high probability) is known to be m greater than or similar to s(ln s)(3) ln N. We present new and improved constants together with what we consider to be a more explicit proof. A proof that also allows for a slightly larger class of m x N-matrices, by considering what is called effective sparsity. We also present a condition on the so-called restricted isometry constants, delta s, ensuring sparse recovery via l(1)-minimization. We show that delta(2s) < 4/root 41 is sufficient and that this can be improved further to almost allow for a sufficient condition of the type delta(2s) < 2/3.

  • 184.
    Andersson, Johan
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematisk statistik.
    Locating Multiple Change-Points Using a Combination of Methods2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att hitta en metod som identifierar tidpunkterna för strukturella brott i en tidsserie med okända egenskaper. De metoder som undersöks är CUSUM och CUSUM av kvadrater, CUSUM test med OLS-residualer, Mann-Whitney-test samt Quandts log likelihood ratio. Eftersom alla metoder identifierar enbart en brytpunkt används binära uppdelningstekniken för att hitta multipla brytpunkter. Studien visar att CUSUM-test med OLS-residualer, Mann-Whitney-test och Quandt’s log likelihood ratio fungerar bra för de flesta stickproven medan CUSUM och CUSUM av kvadrater inte hittar tidpunkten för brytpunkterna. Vidare så visar studien att binära uppdelningstekniken fungerar bra med alla metoder och kan identifiera multipla brytpunkter i de flesta fallen. Studien visar också att resultaten för det mesta kan förbättras genom att använda en kombination av metoderna.

  • 185.
    Andersson, John
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Free boundary problems and global solutions in half spaces2005Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 186.
    Andersson, John
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    On the De Giorgi conjecture in half spacesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 187.
    Andersson, John
    Max Planck Institute, Leipzig.
    On the regularity of a free boundary near contact points with a fixed boundary2007Ingår i: Journal of Differential Equations, ISSN 0022-0396, E-ISSN 1090-2732, Vol. 232, nr 1, s. 285-302Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the regularity of a free boundary near contact points with a fixed boundary, with C boundary data, for an obstacle-like free boundary problem. We will show that under certain assumptions on the solution, and the boundary function, the free boundary is uniformly C 1 up to the fixed boundary. We will also construct some examples of irregular free boundaries.

  • 188.
    Andersson, John
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Optimal regularity for the Signorini problem and its free boundary2015Ingår i: Inventiones Mathematicae, ISSN 0020-9910, E-ISSN 1432-1297Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We will show optimal regularity for minimizers of the Signorini problem for the Lame system. In particular if (Formula presented.) minimizes (Formula presented.)in the convex set (Formula presented.)where (Formula presented.) say. Then (Formula presented.). Moreover the free boundary, given by (Formula presented.)will be a (Formula presented.) graph close to points where (Formula presented.) is not degenerate. Similar results have been know before for scalar partial differential equations (see for instance [5, 6]). The novelty of this approach is that it does not rely on maximum principle methods and is therefore applicable to systems of equations.

  • 189.
    Andersson, John
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    The free boundary near the fixed boundary for the heat equationManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 190. Andersson, John
    et al.
    Lindgren, Erik
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Optimal Regularity for the No-Sign Obstacle Problem2013Ingår i: Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, ISSN 0010-3640, E-ISSN 1097-0312, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 245-262Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we prove the optimal C-1,C-1(B-1/2)-regularity for a general obstacle-type problem Delta u = f chi({u not equal 0}) in B-1, under the assumption that f * N is C-1,C-1(B-1), where N is the Newtonian potential. This is the weakest assumption for which one can hope to get C-1,C-1-regularity. As a by-product of the C-1,C-1-regularity we are able to prove that, under a standard thickness assumption on the zero set close to a free boundary point x(0), the free boundary is locally a C-1-graph close to x(0) provided f is Dini. This completely settles the question of the optimal regularity of this problem, which has been the focus of much attention during the last two decades.

  • 191.
    Andersson, John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Lindgren, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Optimal regularity for the obstacle problem for the p-Laplacian2015Ingår i: Journal of Differential Equations, ISSN 0022-0396, E-ISSN 1090-2732, Vol. 259, nr 6, s. 2167-2179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we discuss the obstacle problem for the p-Laplace operator. We prove optimal growth results for the solution. Of particular interest is the point-wise regularity of the solution at free boundary points. The most surprising result we prove is the one for the p-obstacle problem: Find the smallest u such thatdiv(|∇u|p-2∇u)≤0,u≥ϕ,in B1, with ϕ∈C1,1(B1) and given boundary datum on ∂B1. We prove that the solution is uniformly C1,1 at free boundary points. Similar results are obtained in the case of an inhomogeneity belonging to L∞. When applied to the corresponding parabolic problem, these results imply that any solution which is Lipschitz in time is C1,1p-1 in the spatial variables.

  • 192.
    Andersson, John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Lindgren, Erik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Optimal regularity for the parabolic no-sign obstacle type problem2013Ingår i: Interfaces and free boundaries (Print), ISSN 1463-9963, E-ISSN 1463-9971, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 477-499Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the parabolic free boundary problem of obstacle type Delta u - partial derivative u/partial derivative t = f chi({u not equal 0}). Under the condition that f = H nu for some function nu with bounded second order spatial derivatives and bounded first order time derivative, we establish the same regularity for the solution u. Both the regularity and the assumptions are optimal. Using this result and assuming that f is Dini continuous, we prove that the free boundary is, near so called low energy points, a C-1 graph. Our result completes the theory for this type of problems for the heat operator.

  • 193.
    Andersson, John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Matevosyan, Norayr
    Mikayelyan, Hayk
    On the tangential touch between the free and the fixed boundaries for the two-phase obstacle-like problem2006Ingår i: Arkiv för matematik, ISSN 0004-2080, E-ISSN 1871-2487, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we consider the following two-phase obstacle-problem-like equation in the unit half-ball.

  • 194. Andersson, John
    et al.
    Shah Gholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Weiss, Georg S.
    The singular set of higher dimensional unstable obstacle type problems2013Ingår i: Rendiconti Lincei - Matematica e Applicazioni, ISSN 1120-6330, E-ISSN 1720-0768, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 123-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 195.
    Andersson, John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.).
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Global solutions of the obstacle problem in half-spaces, and their impact on local stability2005Ingår i: Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, ISSN 0944-2669, E-ISSN 1432-0835, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 271-279Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that there are an abundance of non-homogeneous global solutions to the obstacle problem, in the half-space, Delta u = X-{u > 0}, u >= 0 inR(+)(2), with a (fixed) homogeneous boundary condition u(0, x(2)) = lambda(2) (x(2)(+))(2) (0 < lambda < 1/root 2) As a consequence we obtain local instability of the free boundary under C-1,C-1 perturbation, of the Dirichlet data.

  • 196.
    Andersson, John
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Uraltseva, Nina N.
    Weiss, Georg S.
    Equilibrium points of a singular cooperative system with free boundary2015Ingår i: Advances in Mathematics, ISSN 0001-8708, E-ISSN 1090-2082, Vol. 280, s. 743-771Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we initiate the study of maps minimising the energy integral(D)(vertical bar del u vertical bar(2) + 2 vertical bar u vertical bar) dx, which, due to Lipschitz character of the integrand, gives rise to the singular Euler equations Delta u = u / vertical bar u vertical bar chi({vertical bar u vertical bar >0}), u = (u(1,) ... ,u(m)) Our primary goal in this paper is to set up a road map for future developments of the theory related to such energy minimising maps. Our results here concern regularity of the solution as well as that of the free boundary. They are achieved by using monotonicity formulas and epiperimetric inequalities, in combination with geometric analysis.

  • 197. Andersson, John
    et al.
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Weiss, Georg S.
    Double Obstacle Problems with Obstacles Given by Non-C-2 Hamilton-Jacobi Equations2012Ingår i: Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, ISSN 0003-9527, E-ISSN 1432-0673, Vol. 206, nr 3, s. 779-819Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove optimal regularity for double obstacle problems when obstacles are given by solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi equations that are not C (2). When the Hamilton-Jacobi equation is not C (2) then the standard Bernstein technique fails and we lose the usual semi-concavity estimates. Using a non-homogeneous scaling (different speeds in different directions) we develop a new pointwise regularity theory for Hamilton-Jacobi equations at points where the solution touches the obstacle. A consequence of our result is that C (1)-solutions to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation <Equation ID="Equa"> <MediaObject> </MediaObject> </Equation>, are, in fact, C (1,alpha/2), provided that . This result is optimal and, to the authors' best knowledge, new.

  • 198.
    Andersson, John
    et al.
    Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick.
    Shahgholian, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Weiss, Georg S.
    Mathematical Institute of the Heinrich Heine University.
    On the singularities of a free boundary through Fourier expansion2012Ingår i: Inventiones Mathematicae, ISSN 0020-9910, E-ISSN 1432-1297, Vol. 187, nr 3, s. 535-587Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we are concerned with singular points of solutions to the unstable free boundary problem Delta u = -chi({u>0}) in B-1. The problem arises in applications such as solid combustion, composite membranes, climatology and fluid dynamics. It is known that solutions to the above problem may exhibit singularities-that is points at which the second derivatives of the solution are unbounded-as well as degenerate points. This causes breakdown of by-now classical techniques. Here we introduce new ideas based on Fourier expansion of the non-linearity chi({u>0}). The method turns out to have enough momentum to accomplish a complete description of the structure of the singular set in R-3. A surprising fact in R-3 is that although u(rx)/sup(B1) vertical bar u(rx)vertical bar can converge at singularities to each of the harmonic polynomials xy, x(2) + y(2)/2 - z(2) and z(2) - x(2) + y(2)/2, it may not converge to any of the non-axially-symmetric harmonic polynomials alpha((1 + delta)x(2) + (1 - delta)y(2) - 2z(2)) with delta not equal 1/2. We also prove the existence of stable singularities in R-3.

  • 199. Andersson, L.
    et al.
    Dahl, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Galloway, G. J.
    Pollack, D.
    On the geometry and topology of initial data sets with horizons2018Ingår i: Asian Journal of Mathematics, ISSN 1093-6106, E-ISSN 1945-0036, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 863-882Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the relationship between initial data sets with horizons and the existence of metrics of positive scalar curvature. We define a Cauchy Domain of Outer Communications (CDOC) to be an asymptotically flat initial set (M, g,K) such that the boundary ∂M of M is a collection of Marginally Outer (or Inner) Trapped Surfaces (MOTSs and/or MITSs) and such that M \ ∂M contains no MOTSs or MITSs. This definition is meant to capture, on the level of the initial data sets, the well known notion of the domain of outer communications (DOC) as the region of spacetime outside of all the black holes (and white holes). Our main theorem establishes that in dimensions 3 ≤ n ≤ 7, a CDOC which satisfies the dominant energy condition and has a strictly stable boundary has a positive scalar curvature metric which smoothly compactifies the asymptotically flat end and is a Riemannian product metric near the boundary where the cross sectional metric is conformal to a small perturbation of the initial metric on the boundary ∂M induced by g. This result may be viewed as a generalization of Galloway and Schoen's higher dimensional black hole topology theorem [17] to the exterior of the horizon. We also show how this result leads to a number of topological restrictions on the CDOC, which allows one to also view this as an extension of the initial data topological censorship theorem, established in [10] in dimension n = 3, to higher dimensions.

  • 200.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Matematik (Avd.).
    Backdahl, Thomas
    Blue, Pieter
    A NEW TENSORIAL CONSERVATION LAW FOR MAXWELL FIELDS ON THE KERR BACKGROUND2017Ingår i: Journal of differential geometry, ISSN 0022-040X, E-ISSN 1945-743X, Vol. 105, nr 2, s. 163-176Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A new, conserved, symmetric tensor field for a source-free Maxwell test field on a four-dimensional spacetime with a conformal Killing-Yano tensor, satisfying a certain compatibility condition, is introduced. In particular, this construction works for the Kerr spacetime.

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