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  • 201.
    Hallonsten, Olof
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201). Lund University, Sweden .
    Growing Big Science in a Small Country: MAX-lab and the Swedish Research Policy System2011In: Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, ISSN 1939-1811, E-ISSN 1939-182X, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 179-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MAX-lab is a Swedish national synchrotron radiation facility, first established as a small-scale university project in the late 1970s and then gradually developed into a national and international user facility. This article presents a historical study of MAXlab that illustrates the decentralized character of the Swedish science policy system and especially its lack of aggregation mechanisms for strategically important initiatives such as the establishment of large research infrastructures. The dominating university sector and the absence of strong central governance structures have made Swedish science policy pluralistic, driven from the bottom up, and decentralized. The genesis and development of MAX-lab, while remarkable when compared to other such facilities internationally, is symptomatically Swedish-it has grown from the bottom up and step by step, and thereby managed to become a respected national and international user facility despite unfavorable conditions. The patchy funding model and the lack of coherent policymaking has led to underfunding and an opaque organizational structure, but MAX-lab and its users have nonetheless been of high quality. This article argues that the determination, patience, adaptivity, and, to some extent, ingenuity of the people involved in MAX-lab have compensated for systemic shortcomings and enabled the laboratory to succeed despite the unfavorable conditions.

  • 202.
    Hallonsten, Olof
    Wuppertal University, Germany.
    The parasites: Synchrotron radiation at SLAC, 1972-19922015In: Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, ISSN 1939-1811, E-ISSN 1939-182X, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 217-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synchrotron radiation activities at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (formerly Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) started out in 1972 as a small-scale Stanford University project. The project gradually grew to become one of the first national centers for synchrotron radiation in the United States and, eventually, an independent laboratory in charge of its own accelerator machine and organizationally a part of SLAC. This article tells the story of the first two decades of these activities, when the synchrotron radiation activities operated parasitically on the SLAC site, entirely peripheral to SLAC’s main scientific mission in high energy physics. The article’s meticulously detailed account of the history of the parasitic period of synchrotron radiation at SLAC constitutes an important and interesting piece of modern science history, complementing previous efforts in this journal and elsewhere to chronicle the history of the U.S. national laboratories and similar homes of Big Science abroad. Most importantly, the article communicates an alternative interpretative perspective on the institutional change of Big Science labs, consciously and consistently keeping its analysis at a micro level and emphasizing the incremental small-step changes of local actors in their everyday negotiations and deliberations. Not at all disqualifying or seeking to replace historical accounts framed with reference to macro developments of grand long-term change in science and science policy at the end of the previous century, but rather seeking to complement them, this article contributes with a worm’s-eye view on change and advances the argument for a further exploration of such viewpoints in the historical analysis of institutional transformation in science.

  • 203.
    Handberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).
    R1ro, som i retro: Från experimentreaktor till experimentscen2008In: Dædalus: Tekniska museets årsbok. Årg. 76(2008), Kärnkraft retro / [ed] Jan Garnert, Stockholm: Tekniska museet , 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 204.
    Havemose, Karin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
    Konsten att uppfinna hjulet två gånger: om uppfinnandets teknik och estetik2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    “There is no need to reinvent the wheel” – a cliché, often told when you want to come up with something new that in someway can be connected to something that already exist. This study shows the opposite – that inventions emanate from what is given. It can be a detail, a problem in a thing - a wheel - or a situation that catches the inventor’s attention. It is something that seeks a solution or something that generates an idea, a hint or a clue of something new and useful. The art of invention emerges from the ability and skill to broaden the seeing and put thinking, substance and tradition into motion. An old radio dial generates a new ergonomic steering wheel. The connection of memories between a chestnut, a cello and an early morning at a water pump creates three works of art.

    The epistemology of this study is based on a dialogue between voices from different times and traditions. Some voices are normative examples, drawn from a dialogue between Swedish inventors. The others are those of philosophers from the Age of Enlightenment, fetched from their original writings. Through that dialogue, perspectives and ideas of inventors and classical philosophers meet and are compared. A deeper understanding thus emerges that shows the essence of invention and in fact the essence of all creative work: i) Freedom – in thought and in action ii) Dialogue - to test and try new ideas and things in the ever changing circumstances. iii) Doubt - not taking established fact and assumptions for granted iv) Action – testing and breaking established praxis and rules. The study also illustrates the need for an alternative scientific form and expression concerning studies in the fields of invention, innovation and other practical work. Invention can not be captured or shaped by exact measurements, concepts, definitions or abstract models. It takes place in the borderland between fact and fiction, where technique, aesthetics and philosophy are one working entity. The strive for knowledge is endless and without limits and it is nurtured by wondering, searching and ambiguity.

    With inspiration from the dialogue seminar method used within KTH Advanced Programme in Reflective Practice – this study point out the actuality and vitality in using the classical philosophical writings, dialogue and analogical thinking as a scientific method within higher education.

  • 205.
    Hedfors, Eva
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
    Fleck in Context2007In: Perspectives on Science, ISSN 1063-6145, E-ISSN 1530-9274, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 49-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its almost serendipitous rediscovery in the late seventies, Fleck's monograph, Entstehung und Entwicklung einer wissenschaftlichen Tatsachee, initially published in 1935, translated into English in 1979 (Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact), has been met with increasing acclaim within the philosophy and the sociology of science. In historizing, sociologizing and relativizing science, Fleck is claimed to have expressed prescient views on the history, philosophy and sociology of science and in deeply influencing Kuhn. Though the neglect of Fleck by his contemporaries has been difficult to account for, the basis of his epistemology has evoked little interest, partly due to the lack of apparent sources. Fleck's philosophical writings, published between 1927 and 1939, indicate, however, a polemic, deeply ingrained in an ongoing debate, on the standing of old established scientific disciplines versus new and emerging ones, occasioned by the rapid changes within the natural sciences. Most obvious to the lay community, and also reflected in the new positivist philosophy, were the revolutionary changes within physics. As a participant in the debate, eagerly striving for recognition, Fleck used modern physic heuristically as the basis of his epistemology. The tracing of his sources, and the voices of other contemporaneous scientists opposing his views, are attempted.

  • 206.
    Hommels, Anique
    et al.
    Maastricht University.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kaijser, Arne
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Van der Vleuten, Erik
    Eindhoven University of Technology.
    Europe’s Infrastructure Vulnerabilities: Comparisons and Connections2013In: The Making of Europe's Critical Infrastructure: Common Connections and Shared Vulnerabilities / [ed] Per Högselius, Anique Hommels, Arne Kaijser, and Erik van der Vleuten, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 263-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 207.
    Houltz, Anders
    Tekniska museet.
    Föremålsinsamling i dokument och verklighet: Tekniska museets förvärv 1984-20022004Book (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Motown Europe?: Large-scale Automobile Enterprises in Local and National Identity Building – Gothenburg and Turin2010In: TICCIH Bulletin, ISSN 1605-6647, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 209.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, Superseded Departments, History of Science and Technology.
    The Aesthetics of Linearity: History and Technological Rhetoric at the Gothenburg Exhibition in 19232004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Eye in the Sky: Interpreting Hasselblad’s Lunar Camera2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 211.
    Huber, Amelie
    et al.
    Autonomous University Barcelona, Spain.
    Gorostiza, Santiago
    University of Coimbra, Portugal.
    Kotsila, Panagiota
    Autonomous University Barcelona, Spain .
    Beltrán, María Jesus
    Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain .
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Beyond “Socially Constructed” Disasters: Re-politicizing the Debate on Large Dams through a Political Ecology of Risk2016In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Questions of dam safety and hazard potential most often do not take center-stage in contestations and articulations concerning large dams. Through a comparative study of two of Europe’s most emblematic dam disasters – Vajont (Italy) and Ribadelago (Spain) – and the ongoing conflict over the safety of the Lower Subansiri Hydroelectric Project in Northeast India, this article argues that the damage caused by dam disasters is often not unavoidable or unforeseen but instead allowed to happen. Our cases show that power relations, economic pressures and profit influence “risky” dam management decisions, often disregarding the vernacular knowledge of concerned communities and silencing critical voices that do not fit dominant narratives of modernization and progress. We posit that an essential requirement for re-politicizing the question of dam safety is to unpack the apolitical notion of “socially constructed disasters,” thinking instead about “capital-driven destructions.” By emphasizing resistance against dam projects and against dominant risk discourses across space and time, this article seeks to underline the legitimacy of past and ongoing struggles surrounding the construction of large dams.

  • 212. Högselius, P.
    et al.
    Dazhi, Y.
    The hidden integration of Eurasia: East-West relations in the history of technology2017In: Acta Baltica Historiae et Philosophiae Scientiarum, ISSN 2228-2009, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 71-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "East" and "West" have long been prominent categories in the history of technology. The historical literature that claims to deal with comparisons or connections between East and West from a technological point of view is rich and fascinating. Yet, so far there has been no attempt to succinctly summarize or synthesize the main findings. This article takes a first step towards such a synthesis. It does so by addressing technological interaction between three broadly defined geographical regions: (1) Western Europe and North America; (2) Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia; and (3) the non-Russian Far East. The article suggests that East-West studies in the history of technology can be divided into three sets, which would benefit from greater interaction with each other: studies of East-West and West- East technology transfer; studies comparing the evolution of Eastern and Western technological levels and technological "styles"; and studies of large technical systems that materially interconnect East and West.

  • 213.
    Högselius, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Arktis en sliten kugge i Sovjets maskineri: 20152015In: Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 214.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Challenging Chernobyl’s Legacy: Nuclear power policies in Europe, Russia and North America in the early 21st century2011In: Nuclear Energy Development in Asia: Problems and Prospects / [ed] Xu, Yi-Chong, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 215.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Civilisationens vagga byggdes av trä2008In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 12 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 216.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Connecting East and West: Electricity Systems in the Baltic Region2006In: Networking Europe: Transnational Infrastructures and the Shaping of Europe, 1850-2000 / [ed] van der Vleuten, E. and Kaijser, A., Cambridge, MA: Science History Publications Ltd., 2006Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 217.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Das Neue aufrechterhalten: Die Neue Kernenergie in historischer Perspektive2011In: Neue Technologien in der Gesellschaft: Akteure, Erwartungen, Kontroversen und Konjunkturen / [ed] Kehrt, C., Schüssler, P. & Weitze, M.-D., Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 218.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Den nya kärnkraften i historiskt perspektiv2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 219.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Den sovjetiska smutsen blev till guld2008In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 11 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 220.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Die deutsch-deutsche Geschichte des Kernkraftwerkes Greifswald: Atomenergie zwischen Ost und West2015 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
  • 221.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    History as a Creative Force in Post-Socialist Systems of Innovation: The Underestimated Role of Inherited Competencies2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    In the country of black ash2008In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, no NovemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 223.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Innovatsioon sünnib Eestis Nõukogude pärandist2005In: Eesti Päevaleht, ISSN 0283-1090, no 14 DecemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 224.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kina som teknologisk supermakt2008In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 225.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Kärnbränslehanteringens politiska mångfald: Ett historiskt och internationellt perspektiv2006In: Samhällsforskning 2006, Stockholm: Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB , 2006Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 226.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Kärnteknikens dubbla natur tydlig i Asien2006In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 10 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 227.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Learning to Destroy: Case Studies of Creative Destruction Management in the new Europe2006In: Creative Destruction Management: Meeting the challenges of the techno-economic paradigm shift / [ed] Kalvet, T. and Kattel, R., Tallinn: PRAXIS Center for Policy Studies , 2006, p. 73-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 228.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Lost in Translation?: Science, Technology and the State since the 1970s2010In: Science for Welfare and Warfare: Technology and State Initiative in Cold War Sweden / [ed] Lundin, P., Stenlås, N. and Gribbe, J., Science History Publications Ltd., 2010, p. 251-274Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 229.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    National Systems of Innovation and Creative Destruction: A Small Country Perspective2006In: Creative Destruction Management: Meeting the challenges of the techno-economic paradigm shift / [ed] Kalvet, T. and Kattel, R., Tallinn: PRAXIS Center for Policy Studies , 2006, p. 31-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 230.
    Högselius, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    När gränskontroller blev en europeisk paradgren2016In: Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 231.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Overpotential: Fuel Cells, Futurism, and the Making of a Power Panacea2014In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 765-767Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 232.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Postmodern Power: The Cultural Shift in Electricity System-Building at the Turn of the Millennium2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 233.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Red Gas: Russia and the Origins of European Energy Dependence2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides an alternative approach to analyzing Western Europe's much-debated dependence on Russian natural gas. The actual and potential consequences of this dependence have in recent years become a growing concern both in individual importing countries and at the level of the European Union. Russian gas exports have come to decisively influence EU-Russia relations and there is nowadays hardly any aspect of these relations that can be discussed without, directly or indirectly, taking into account natural gas. But despite the central importance of Russian natural gas exports in present-day European and Russian affairs, little attention has been paid to the political and economic decisions that – starting in the late 1960s – paved the way for large-scale imports of Russian gas. Applying a systems and risk perspective on international energy relations, author Per Högselius investigates how and why governments, businesses, engineers and other actors sought to promote – and oppose– the establishment of an extensive East-West natural gas regime that seemed to overthrow the fundamental logic of the Cold War.

  • 234.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    [Review of] Thue, L., Nye forbindelser (1970-2005), Norsk telekommunikasjonshistorie, bind 32008In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 238-239Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 235.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Rysk naturgas på tvärs mot historien2008In: Forskning & framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, no 5, p. 56-59Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 236.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Siktandet mot stjärnorna fick Sovjet på fall2007In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 4 oktoberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 237.
    Högselius, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Stenkolet försatte Europa i ett färgrus2018In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 24 november, p. 42-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 238.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Ständig oro att skogen skulle ta slut2013In: Populär historia, ISSN 1102-0822, no augusti, p. 62-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 239.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Technology and the Making of the Netherlands: The Age of Contested Modernization, 1890-19702011In: Isis (Chicago, Ill.), ISSN 0021-1753, E-ISSN 1545-6994, Vol. 102, no 4, p. 788-789Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 240.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Decay of Communism: Managing Spent Nuclear Fuel in the Soviet Union2010In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 1, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore the dynamics of spent nuclear fuel management in the Soviet Union, from the origins of nuclear engineering in the 1930s to the collapse of the country in 1991. Spent nuclear fuel is analyzed in relation to other components of what is referred to as the “nuclear fuel system,” such as nuclear weapons production, breeder reactor development, uranium enrichment, and the operation of nuclear power plants. The article shows that spent fuel management in the Soviet Union centered on military applications from the 1940s up to the 1960s, after which enormous efforts were devoted to exploiting military competencies for civil purposes. A “tandem” system was partly realized in this context, in which spent fuel from VVER nuclear power plants, submarine reactors, and research installations was reprocessed and used for the production of RBMK (Chernobyl-type) fuel. The plutonium gained did not find any use, however, due to failures in fast breeder developments. RBMK spent fuel was not reprocessed. The Soviets never officially discussed the option of direct disposal of RBMK fuel and strictly distinguished between “spent fuel” and “nuclear waste.” Facing stagnation in reprocessing and breeder technology, the development came to focus increasingly on expanding interim storage capacities. But far-reaching R&D efforts in the field of nuclear waste management and storage methods meant that the Soviet Union, at the time of its collapse, had accumulated a considerable competence that might turn out to be of great value, should a direct disposal strategy be officially considered in the future.

  • 241.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Dynamics of Innovation in Eastern Europe: Lessons from Estonia2005Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building strong and dynamic systems of innovation constitutes a key challenge for the former post-socialist economies of Central and Eastern Europe. This book develops a strong conceptual and empirical foundation for understanding how such dynamic systems may emerge. The Dynamics of Innovation in Eastern Europe explains, in particular, how this has been possible in the case of the Estonian system of innovation in telecommunications. The book shows that the socialist historical heritage, and in particular inherited competencies, may be used in highly creative ways for generating dynamic innovation in the post-socialist context. It also uncovers the complex and multifaceted ways in which the geographical and cultural proximity to Western Europe can be creatively used as a powerful resource in the pursuit of building systems of innovation in the East. Moreover, the book demonstrates that it is possible for East European systems of innovation to develop highly creative domestic dynamics without necessarily imitating Western systems or styles of innovation. Providing a unique empirical analysis of how systems of innovation undergo far-reaching transformation and change, this book will be of interest to economists and scholars involved in issues relating to innovation, technology, economic development and East-West integration. Policymakers in the EU and in Central and East European countries and practitioners involved in innovation-related activities will also find it of great appeal.

  • 242.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Dynamics of Innovation in Post-Communist Countries: Opportunities and Challenges2007In: Industries and Markets in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Sergi, B., Bagatelas, W. and Kubicová, J., Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007, p. 83-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 243.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Emergence of Creative Styles of Innovation in Central and Eastern Europe: The Challenge from Estonia2004In: The Knowledge-Based Economy in Transition Countries: Selected Issues / [ed] Piech, K., London: School of Slavonic and East European Studies , 2004, p. 225-260Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation continues to suffer from a peculiar neglect in the broad field of Central and East European (CEE) studies. In particular, surprising lylittle is still known about the ways in which real-world systems of innovation function in post-socialist Central and Eastern Europe and the actual processes through which they have emerged during the past 10-15 years. The present chapter seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the dynamics of innovation in CEE by historically explaining the emergence of post-socialist ‘styles of innovation’. As an example of the emergence of ‘creative’ innovation styles, the chapter discusses the Estonian telecommunications sector. Rather than trying to measure ‘how innovative’ CEE is, the focus is on the qualitative characteristics of the innovations that do occur, who the innovators are, how innovation is organised, and what role institutional change has played at different stages of development. It is argued that in order to explain the characteristics of systems of innovation in CEE, a deep historical dimension is needed in the analysis. In the case of Estonia, the combined effect of an unusually close and historically rooted cooperation with Sweden and Finland and the emergence of new technological paradigms in the telecommunications sector has paved the way for post-socialist innovative activities that in several cases have been surprisingly creative and aggressive.

  • 244.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    The European Natural Gas Industry and the Oil Crisis of 1973/74: H-Net Energy Crisis Discussion2013In: H-Net EnergyArticle, book review (Refereed)
  • 245.
    Högselius, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Gas Weapon by Alex Shiriaieff (film review)2016In: Slavic Review: American quarterly of Russian, Eurasian and East European studies, ISSN 0037-6779, EISSN 2325-7784, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 160-161Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 246.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    The Hidden Integration of Central Asia2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 247.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    The Internationalization of the Nordic Electricity Systems2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 248.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    The Nordic Shaping of Innovation in Estonia: Case Studies from Mobile Communications and E-Government2007In: Nordic and Baltic Journal of Information and Communication Technologies, ISSN 1902-097X, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 61-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 249.
    Högselius, Per
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The 'Nuclear Renaissance' in Historical Perspective: A Critical Analysis2014In: Taiwan: An Island Swamped in Technological Controversies / [ed] W.-J. Wang, D. Fu & M.-F. Fang, Hsinchu, Taiwan: National Chiao Tung University Press , 2014, p. 73-85Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 250.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Saudi Arabia of the Far East?: China's rise and fall as an oil exporter2015In: Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 411-418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    China's international activities in the oil industry have figured prominently in the public debate in recent years. Whereas the focus today is on China's oil imports and oil-related investments abroad, this article takes a step back to analyze a period in time during which China's most important international role was that of an oil exporter. In the course of a few years in the 1970s, China's domestic oil production grew much more rapidly than domestic demand, leading some analysts in the West to envision China as a major world oil power in the making - a "Saudi Arabia of the Far East." The article traces the evolution of this debate, focusing not only on the twists and turns that made the vision possible in the first place, but also on the machinations that ultimately made actors and analysts conclude that China's future would not be in exports, after all, but in massive imports of oil.

2345678 201 - 250 of 569
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