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  • 251.
    Soen, Kelvin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Yin, Bo
    Customer Behaviour Analysis of E-commerce: What information can we get from customers' reviews through big data analysis2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online transactions have been growing exponentially in the last decade, contributing to up to

    11% of total retail sales. One of the parameters of success in online transactions are online

    reviews where customers have the chance to assign level of satisfaction regarding their

    purchase. This review system acts as a bargaining power for customers so that their

    suppliers pay more attention to their satisfaction, as well as benchmark for future prospective

    customers. This research digs into what actually causes customers to assign high level of

    satisfaction in their online purchase experience: Whether it is packaging, delivery time or

    else. This research also tries to dig into customer behaviour related to online reviews from

    three different perspectives: gender, culture and economic structure. Data mining

    methodology is used to collect and analyse the data, thus providing a reliable quantitative

    study. The end result of this study is expected to assist in marketing decisions to capture

    certain types of consumers who significantly place or purchasing decision based on online

    reviews.

  • 252.
    SOFOS, KONSTANTINOS
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    TSANOULAS, DIMITRIOS
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Lean Innovation towards Flexibility and Productivity increase: A Case study in Ericsson’s filter manufacturing system2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent years, substantial shifts of advanced technologies have enabled more and more companies to adopt and implement innovation strategies within their products and operations. Industries tend to behave more flexible in order to stay updated to new significant technological shifts. On the other hand, the need to remain productively stable, makes strategies towards innovation necessary for numerous corporations in order to adapt to an ever changing commercial, social and technological environment. Innovation represents one of the main factors that allow followers to achieve success and depending on the radical content, innovation leads companies to beneficial results. An innovative approach based on technological, business and market development, drives companies towards the exploitation of the full potential of innovative methods, while striving to achieve high flexibility and productivity. In this thesis an industrial case at Ericsson assembly lines is studied, current hurdles are defined and potential innovative strategies are analyzed. The study aims at providing a theory on a methodology that can support a business project at Ericsson Corporation in defining innovative applications and seizing the full potential of new conceptual frameworks which increase innovativeness and create new more productive and flexible logics.

  • 253.
    Stange, Olof
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    How magazines could remain competitive in the transition from print to digital media2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decades, the world has seen a fast development in information technology. This has led to significant changes in many different industries including the media industry. The transformation is in progress and is unceasingly changing the game rules for media companies. Many magazines are struggling in the new competitive media landscape since existing business models in the print industry are hard to apply to the digital industry. In order for magazines to remain competitive they need to develop their revenue models and adjust to the new game rules in the industry.

    This thesis is focused on how magazines could develop their businesses in order to remain competitive in the transition from print to digital media. The research methods used were semi-structured interviews and a survey. The interviews were conducted with seven different media experts in order to find possible directions for Swedish magazines in general. The survey was aimed exclusively to the entertainment magazine Nöjesguiden in order to decide what additional revenue models fit them best.

    The results from the interviews implicate that magazines should continuously evaluate their print business using a holistic perspective, adopt long-term perspectives, initiate cost cutting in the print business and put the cost savings into investments for the future. In addition, they should have four main areas of focus in the digital business – strategy, content, target group and data. Strategy relates to focusing on the digital business, being innovative and trying new things. The results also show that it is beneficial to separate the old business from the new since the old business is linked to outdated industry structures. Regarding content, the direction should be either very broad or very niched. Thereto, magazines should focus on unique content, which refers to content that is not available elsewhere by other content providers. In addition, magazines should evaluate what makes their content unique. This is closely related to the target group, which is going to become more important in the future media climate. For magazines, getting to know their specific target group and focusing on improving the brand recognition are going to be advantageous factors in being competitive in the digital media climate. In conclusion, magazines should use data to continuously evaluate their business and use that knowledge to improve their offer. The results from the survey shows that the best new revenue model for Nöjesguiden at the moment is events.

  • 254.
    STEINER, FRANCISKA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The internationalization process of five Swedish SME:s and their view on Austria as a potential gateway into CEE2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the globalized world of today, many firms find it hard to only operate on the home market. When the home market becomes too small, firms start to enter new markets. Their process of internationalization may look very differently. Although there are some models which have become more accepted than others, mainly the Uppsala model which describes the internationalization process with a stage model, where the firm initially enters markets similar to the home market. However lately other theories have come with alternative explanations such as the Networking theory and the theory about Born Globals. The thesis aims to categorize five Swedish firms, in order to study their internationalization process before entering Austria. Austria is seen as a gateway to CEE (Central Eastern Europe) by a number of countries. This thesis investigates how the Swedish firms view the country.This thesis contains a case study, investigating the internationalization process of five Swedish firms. A series of interviews were held to collect the relevant data and complement the literature review. The outcome of this case study shows that the firm’s internationalization process can rather be explained with the Networking and not the Uppsala model. Most of the firms have however not used Austria as gateway to CEE and are not familiar with the synergies offered by the networks in Austria.

  • 255.
    Steinhauser, Tobias
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Definition of the pre-development process in a complex environment2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the question, how a pre-development process for technology development could look like. The thesis was written in a company as project, this company is used as a case company. Interviews with relevant employees have been made to analyze the current pre-development process. The current process including responsibilities, goals of pre-development in the company and difficulties are described.

    The theoretical framework includes a description of the main pre-development models. The first one is the stage gate model, which includes pre-development in the product development process. All stages and gates are clear defined and a given result is expected. The second model, the new concept development (NCD) model is more theoretical it provides methods, tools and techniques for the different steps in pre-development. The (NCD) model defines pre-development as an independent process. Both models are compared to each other.

    Based on the results of the interviews and the literature review a suggestion for a new pre-development process model is given. This model consists of six steps: Idea collection, idea selection, Concept plan, run pre-development research, evaluating results and use results for new products. The several steps are described in detail and some helpful tools for different activities during the steps are recommended and described. Possible problems and difficulties are also discussed.

  • 256.
    Stenberg, Nikolaos
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The impact of HVDC innovations on the power industry2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the potential impact of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) innovations on the power industry. A short historical review is provided on the so-called ‘War of the Currents’, which has placed alternating current (AC) as the dominant platform for power transmission. The revival of DC in high voltage transmission is here examined as a reverse salient, as various indicators show that the role of HVDC in the power industry seems to be constantly growing. In this thesis the potential of HVDC to drive industrial change is put to question, and an effort is made to define that change; questions are being addressed such as ‘how likely is HVDC to gain a more important role in power transmission, and what may that role be?’ and ‘how may the power market look like after a wider implementation of HVDC in power systems?’. The competition between ABB and Siemens (and at a lower level Alstom), market leaders in HVDC technologies, is analyzed with specific regard to the pursuit of inventing a HVDC circuit breaker; a technological leap that has been considered necessary for overcoming a number of obstacles to creating a DC grid. As of November 2012, ABB has developed the world’s first HVDC circuit breaker, acknowledged as a technological breakthrough. An attempt is being made to evaluate the impact of this innovation in terms of enhancing ABB’s entrepreneurial activity and granting the company with a competitive edge. Furthermore, the vision of developing DC grids – and thus R&D investments for the invention of a HVDC circuit breaker – is approached as a case of climate change being a main driving force for innovation, since this novel invention promises to make easier the integration of more renewable energy sources in power systems. This co-evolution of environment policy and innovation strategy is examined under the scope of Erik Dahmén’s theory of development blocks. Finally, ABB’s recent innovation is considered a disturbance in the system capable of bringing implications on the market that are here interpreted as a case of creative destruction, based upon Schumpeter’s terminology. In the conclusion section possible threats for Siemens and Alstom are also realized, and the need for them is questioned to go through changes in order to remain competitive, a situation that is here regarded as a case of transformation pressure.

  • 257. Ström, Roger
    et al.
    Vendel, Martin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Bredican, John
    Mobile marketing: A literature review on its value for consumers and retailers2014In: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 21, p. 1001-1012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes the existing knowledge of how mobile marketing can increase the value for consumers and retailers. Mobile device shopping, and consumers0 use of mobile devices while shopping is shown to be both an extension of consumers0 shopping behaviours developed on Internet-connected desktop and laptop computers (PC), and potentially new behaviours based on a mobile devices0 uniquely integrated features such as camera, scanners and GPS. The article focuses on how mobile marketing creates value for consumers and retailers, enabling more precise research and development of manage- rial concepts and tools while providing both managers and academics with increased understanding of mobile marketing and its value outcomes for retailers. 

  • 258.
    STRÖMBERG, LUKAS
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Henriksson, Ian
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Establish a business on an emerging market: A case study of the medical device industry in Russia2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization and internationalization have fundamentally changed industries

    ’ competitive

    conditions and it is vital for firms to consider a larger business market in order to stay competitive. 

    Russia’s  emerging  market  consists  of  several  hurdles,  such  as  substantial difference in culture, background, language, patient patterns, and economics. In addition to these general hurdles, the medical device industry itself entails different regulations and bureaucracy which needs to be considered in a new market entry. Thus, the objective for this master thesis is to discover and investigate, from a macro and micro perspective, information regarding  Russia’s  medical  device  industry  with  a  starting  point  in  Moscow  and  St. Petersburg.

    This master thesis is a market analysis that is based on a case study. For the collection of primary data, semi-structured interviews were conducted as well as statistics from Company A and other organizations. A profound literature review was carried out, searching for suitable theories as a foundation for this master thesis. A PESTEL analysis together with Porte

    r’s five force model is the underlying frameworks used in this market analysis. In addition to these frameworks, a SWOT analysis together with the OLI paradigm is used as a concluding part, highlighting the most vital information conducted from the macro and micro perspective.

    The future of Russia’s SDB market is uncertain as a result of major transitions of the society in

    the last decades as well as the current political situation, involving both corruption and the conflict with Ukraine. Entering the Russian SDB market where there still are large market shares possible to capture, can offer promising economic opportunities for foreign firms. However, it is still extremely important to be aware of all the risks and threats that exist on the Russian SDB market in order to exploit these opportunities successfully.

  • 259.
    Talaway, Stephanie Amanda
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Global Implementation of Knowledge Management System in Presales Department: A Case Study in Multinational Telecommunication Company2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge management system is currently an important key in the company because it considered could bring competitive advantage to the company and give significant impact to organizational performance. Presales department is one of the key players in the company who responsible to create strategic proposal to customer which will define company’s chances to win the bid and affect sales and revenues gained. In their activities, presales require a lot of information in order to build high quality proposal that would increase the chance to win the bid. The necessity of having good KMS that could lead to better performance is essential for this department therefore this research has been conducted in this specific area.In this research, a case study strategy is used with several methods of data collection using qualitative approach. The case study is conducted in multinational telecommunication company (Telefonica Global Solution) and empirical investigation has been performed through different methods including interviews to 8 people from Presales department of TGS which represented each country where they are operated. The result of empirical data has introduced several problems in Presales department and its relation to KMS implementation. These findings have been analysed using models and frameworks given by literature review about impact of KMS to performance and KMS implementation in global companies.The study concludes that there are problems in the Presales department which related to time efficiency and quality performance and therefore it needs KMS where its implementation could improve their performance. This research has introduced a framework for Global KMS implementation in presales department following 5 steps which are Concept definition, Global execution, Promote, Expand and Evaluation & Sustain. This framework also took into consideration both technological and managerial part of KMS implementation and specifically designed for global company. Finally the author has applied this framework to one of KMS implementation in Presales department of multinational telecommunication company and considered successful, therefore she recommends to continue future research regarding this topic and to apply this framework to different department or industry.

  • 260.
    TANNO, ALEXANDER
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Predicting new share issues: An empirical study on the relationship between key financial figures and the choice of issuing shares2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes certain key financial figures’ effect on a firm’s choice to issue shares in Sweden from 2004 to 2010. The relationship is estimated using variables indicating profitability, tangibility, size, growth, leverage and whether a firm is public or not. A comprehensive panel dataset from the Swedish Agency of Growth Policy Analysis and from PAR data is analyzed by OLS, logit and logit with fixed effects. This thesis contributes to the existing body of literature in capital structure by using a novel approach to the relationship between new share issues and firm performance. The thesis further complements previous findings by using the Swedish market as foundation and including both private and public firms. In line with previous findings, the results from the fixed effect logit model provide a negative effect for profitability and firm size and a positive effect for leverage on a firm’s choice to issue shares.

  • 261.
    THIBBLIN, CECILIA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Managing a business change: framework for measuring and controlling businesses2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Todays changing market makes it increasingly important for companies to be able to change and adopt to different market dynamics. Companies that manage to undergo a change often differ from those that fail. Key performance indicators is a tool that enables companies to measure where they stand in relation to other companies, but also to know where they want and where they´re going. Looking at change as inevitable, it´s becoming more common for companies to take outside help from companies who are experts when it comes to change. Studies also shows that a trend shift has taken place the last 15 years, where businesses have become more likely to take help from experts to reduce burden on its own staff but also to be bale to focus on theirordinary activities. Transformator Design is one of those experts and their desire to select the "best" key performers indicators, with a focus on the customer, are the foundation of this thesis. Moreover, the objective of this study is to contribute to the understanding of how companies, in general, should work with change management.

    The study has, after examination of theory and previous empirical studies, conducted interviews with the five companies SEB, Netsurvey, Telia, Ica and Skandia. Common to these companies is that they are all engaged in change management. The result of the theories shows that there is no general panacea when it comes to the choice of KPI, but it varies depending on the type of business that a company carries. When it comes to the selection of KPI, all firms, regardless of business, should select those that reflect the firm´s business, employees and customers. This is because the customer indirectly is affected by a satisfied business with satisfied employees.

  • 262.
    TITOV, ALEXEY
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Regional Economic Diversity and its Effects on Regional Economic Stability: Case of Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Economic stability is important for designing regional economic policies aiming at economic growth, income distribution, levels of unemployment and economic activity in a region, as well as stable investment flows for regional development. By “conventional wisdom” regional industrial diversity is often viewed as a remedy to achieve higher economic stability. Previous empirical findings in the area mostly show that indeed more diversified regions are less prone to economic volatilities. However, there is much inconsequence in existing literature coming from various methodology and approaches used in the studies. This master thesis aims to examine if any statistical relationship exists between regional economic stability and regional economic diversity using regional economic data on Swedish counties during 1989–2013. Study results show that while regional industry structure clearly matters for economic volatility along time, positive effects of regional economic diversity as such on economic stability are disputable. Thus, estimation results on such effects are sensitive to methodology choice, i.e. industry aggregation level, time periods’ length or economic diversity measures. Further research implementing robustness tests to these methodology differences would be beneficial for this research field.

  • 263.
    Tsagkari, Kleopatra-Zoi
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Organizing for Innovation in a Shared Services Organization: A Case Study of Ericsson2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intense global competition and rapid technological advances have seen innovation become central towards enabling firms to adapt and rejuvenate themselves. While firms become increasingly focused on innovation, the challenge of managing innovation and developing innovation capabilities still remains. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse and evaluate the innovation capabilities of Ericsson’s Shared Services Organization (SSO). To do so, the existing literature and theories are synthesized and a multi-dimensional framework is utilized to conceptualize the determinants of organizational innovation capabilities. This framework is applied to analyse and evaluate the innovation capabilities of Ericsson’s SSO. Empirical data are collected through interviews in conjunction with qualitative content analysis of internal documents and participation in several meetings and discussions.Overall, the analysis of the case study revealed some common areas related to innovation capabilities, such as strategy intent for innovation, employees’ engagement with innovation initiatives, structured approach for innovation and management support. The conclusions and implications suggested reflect on the ways in which the case study could create a functional innovation program for fostering innovation in the organization and reaching its performance goals by exploiting untapped resources for innovation.

  • 264.
    Uzdanavicius, Tomas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Are Engineering Consultancies Really That Different?: A Customer Perspective2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is concerned with clients’ perspective towards large engineering consultancies. Thecore aim of this work is to understand what client evaluates when trying to define how engineering consultancies are different from each other. To understand this area, theories of marketing and branding in professional service industry will be analyzed. Further interviews with both clients and consultants were held and based on empirical findings and theoretical perspective, conclusions are drawn.

  • 265.
    VAN HOOFT, JOP
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The Perspective of Dutch IndustrialEnterprises on Integrated Employmentof People with Intellectual andDevelopmental Disabilities2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people with intellectual and developmental disabilities strive for self-sufficiency and economic independence. Integrated employment within a company is one of the alternatives to provide these needs. This thesis focuses on the company perceptions of this topic. The thesis discusses the position of companies in employing people who cannot fully contribute to normal business processes. Some companies see it as a must to increase stakeholder satisfaction; others say that the social responsibility of business is to escalate its profits growth. This research is based on the circumstances for the Netherlands, where political interference stimulates the employment of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. More enterprises nowadays are taking social responsible decisions. With the shift from sheltered workshops towards forms of integrated employment; there are new opportunities for both people with intellectual and developmental disabilities as well as the enterprises. This research discusses the perspective of industrial enterprises in these developments, their experience, and their incentives.

  • 266.
    van Norden, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Investigation of the barriers for the diffusion of photovoltaic systems in Cape Town2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The diffusion of photovoltaic (PV) systems is not only increasing in the current global electricity market, but everywhere there are barriers that are hampering the process. In this thesis the respective barriers for the diffusion of PV systems, as well as the current electricity market of Cape Town, situated in South Africa, will be analysed. The diffusion theory is used to highlight the factors that are affecting the diffusion process. The affecting factors are: relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability. In addition to this, the pre-diffusion phase focuses on the importance of the communication between the suppliers, adopters and the government in the diffusion process. Therefore an appropriate methodology was required to conduct this research, this was achieved by using a case study approach. The South African energy market was analysed with respect to the impact of policies, adopters and the suppliers of PV systems. Interviews with six local experts where conducted, to gather primary data from the suppliers’ perspective, mainly regarding how they perceive the barriers for the diffusion of PV systems. The results revealed that the diffusion of PV systems is still in the pre-diffusion stage, and faces numerous barriers. The outcomes of the analysis showed that the barriers could be categorized into four different themes namely: sociotechnical, management, economic and policy. Although the barriers could be categorized into different themes they are interrelated to each other. After analysing the results it became clear that the policies and the lack of involvement and communication of all actors, are the crucial barriers that need to be overcome for an effective diffusion process of PV systems in Cape Town.

  • 267.
    VASILIKI KATSIKI, EIRINI
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    INNOVATION IN PROJECT-BASED FIRMS2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Innovation in the new economy based on knowledge is undeniable. Innovation is  regarded  today  as  the most  important  parameter for  growth, both in national and business level, since it tends to become a top priority in all national policies. The differences in competitiveness and the observation of per capita income per national  economy can  be attributed  in  a sense to  many levels  of  innovative activities and development. Innovation can be defined as "the use of knowledge to produce and deliver new products or services that consumers want". Innovation can refer to a new product or a new service in production patterns or to the technology used, as  well  as  to  an  administrative  procedure  or  an  organizational  structure (internally        or externally        in relation        to their clients        or suppliers). An innovative action may be radical or gradual (depending on the change rate in existing functions of a business).

    This paper analyses the innovation in project-based firms; whether or not project- based firms provide a context supportive of innovation and what is their motivation to be innovative.

    Project-based  firms  differ  from  the  non-project-based  firms  in  the  organizational structure.  The  former  generate  results  in  response  to  specific  client  demands  by structuring  projects  around  temporary  assemblies  of  in-house  specialist  staff  and executing  business  within  a  fixed  time  limit.  In  today‟s  environment,  where  the markets and technologies are rapidly changing, companies seek for a flat and more flexible structure and this is the reason why many companies are discussing a move away from the mass-production, mass-consumption business model that thrived in the 20th century and prefer a project-based organizational structure. Project-based firms can operate in many industries such as construction, IT, communication, consulting and professional services etc.

    Given  the  thrive  of  the  project-based  structure  in  firms  and  the  importance  of creativity and innovation in our days in order to be competitive in the market, the interaction of those two  has to be discussed.

  • 268.
    Vercouter, Martin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Financing Chinese Social Entrepreneurship: An exploratory study2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is concerned with the financing of Chinese social entrepreneurship. China is experiencing an all-time high in terms of pollution, as well as increasing social unrest. The introduction of a market economy in the country has led to a rapid economic growth, but has left many issues unsolved. The mass lay-offs that followed therationalization of State-Owned Enterprises in the 1990s created a large unemployment,and the industrialization process has only very recently been accompanied by measures toprotect the environment. To tackle those issues, more and more are appealing to theefficiency of the very same market economy to produce sustainable and scalable solutions.To better understand the financing landscape that presents itself to entrepreneurs in needof capital, a literature and interview-based study has been conducted to summarize it interms of sources, stage, efficiency and average size. Unfortunately, few sources of capital have been found to be available to them, and none of them can be described as easily accessible. It is therefore recommended that the different actors involved in the marketwork together to lower these barriers.

  • 269.
    Viveros Eulogio, Brenda
    et al.
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey.
    Ramírez Angulo, Javier
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Ecodiseño aplicado en productos para el hogar2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    Debido a los fuertes problemas que traen consigo los residuos sólidos en México, se creó este proyecto que conjunta distintas disciplinas como el Diseño Industrial. Se utilizan metodologías que buscan el camino a la sustentabilidad como el Ecodiseño, para crear soluciones creativas y eficientes a esta problemática, dando como resultado una alternativa innovadora. Por medio de la utilización de herramientas como el Análisis de Ciclo de Vida y la Dinámica de Sistemas, se logra como resultado productos ambientalmente amigables, que permiten que el alargamiento de vida de materiales como los textiles.

  • 270. Viveros-Eulogio, Brenda
    et al.
    Ohrwall Ronnback, Anna
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    PRODUCTION INNOVATION IN MANUFACTURING FIRMS: THE CASE OF SWEDISH SMES2015In: DS 80-8 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15) VOL 8: INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY, The Design Society, 2015, Vol. 8, p. 173-182Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry needs to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing society by using innovation while considering other factors such as trends. This paper focuses on three overarching trends: globalization, urbanization, and digitalization. These three major trends together with policies and regulations could be regarded as fierce threats to a manufacturing firm operating in a traditional mature industry. However, this mix could also be viewed as an opportunity for the innovative company to address future market needs and gain competitive advantage. Thus, the aim of this paper is to investigate the production innovation in SMEs by considering the developments in the manufacturing processes as well as the innovation and design process activities of the manufacturing company. Through two case studies in Sweden, this paper seeks to answer how do SMEs operating within the manufacturing sector respond to the sustainability and other emerging trends while innovating in their production processes. This paper helps to understand how these firms are using some of the approaches and strategies to keep the current pace of innovation and sustainability trends.

  • 271.
    WAQAR, JAMAL
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Impact of ICT on GDP per worker: A new approach using confidence in justice system as an instrument.: Evidence from 41 European countries 1996- 20102015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although a number of studies have been conducted to understand the impact of ICT on a country’s economic output; a complete account for ICT’s influence on real GDP per capita has yet to be visualized. This study aims to investigate this topic, by exploring the hypothesis whether ICT has an impact (causal relationship) on real GDP per worker in 41 European countries from 1996-2010. Confidence in the judicial system is taken as an instrument to solve for endogeneity problems. ICT is defined as mobile, broadband and internet penetration per 100 people. We find that confidence in the justice system is a strong instrument for ICT. Therefore, using IV 2sls regression, it is observed that ICT does have a strong positive correlation and causal relationship with GDP per worker, with an elasticity of 0.4 between the variables. In light of the results, the author recommends that economic policies must be tailored to support ICT development in countries.

  • 272.
    WEI, ZEMIN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Foreign direct investment, Technology and Economic growth2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effect of both inward foreign direct investment (FDI) and outward FDI on economic growth using panel data of 46 countries in the period of 1996 to 2010. The results show that in developed and developing countries, outward FDI positively influences economic growth; this applies to not only home countries but also host countries. However, for inward FDI, in developed countries, negative effects are seen, and we interpret the latter as crowding out effects. It is also shown that research and development (R&D) as a determinant of FDI only works in countries that have reached a certain level of technology. Technology spillover seems to be more pronounced in developed countries than in developing countries. Hence, convergence appears when the technology gap is relatively small and not above a certain threshold. Beyond the threshold level, divergence will occur.

  • 273.
    WEN HU, JING
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Entrepreneurial Growth Aspirations In Innovation-Driven Economies: Evidence of 19 Countries in GEM 20072012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to examine the determinants of entrepreneurial growth aspiration in innovation-driven countries. Growth aspirations are measured by the percentage of total early-stage entrepreneurial activity (TEA) who expect to employ at least five employees five years from now. The higher growth aspiration could encourage employment and create more jobs. This paper means to find the factors positively affecting the growth aspiration of entrepreneurs and make efforts to schemes from policy makers. The dataset are from Adult Population Survey (APS) in Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) in 2007. Analysis of the factors to dependent variable are classified into three level: individual level, firm level and national level. The 17 explanatory variables includes personal information like gender, age, fear of failure and social network , industry category with or without high technology and innovation and evaluation of each nation to entrepreneurs and distribution of wealth. The logit regression model is used for the empirical analysis and all of the variables except the age variable are transferred into dummy variables. The results show that full-time business owners have more motivation to hire more labor than part-time entrepreneurs, and previous skills and knowledge are important to growth aspirations. In the view of industry level, entrepreneurial aspiration favors the ones in manufacturing industry and service industry excluding the agriculture sector. Generally the firms having more overseas customers and international market have larger potential to expand firm scale. The society that think highly of entrepreneurs and persons there receiving high social status from growing business also encourage this aspiration a lot. Among the 19 innovation-driven economies, Sweden, Denmark, Japan, Israel, Iceland and Portugal have higher percentage of growth expectation in early-stage entrepreneurial activity.

  • 274.
    WERNER, FREDRIK
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Ecommerce and market structure effects in theEuropean retail industry2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen or so years into what is said to be the game changer of our time there are many fields of science  focusing  their  attention  towards  the  online  market  in  attempts  to  describe  its implications for the traditional, offline markets. Where most of the literature on economics of ecommerce focus on pricing mechanisms and growth little attention has been directed towards more general market structure effects. This thesis adopts techniques, empirical and theoretical models  from  the  search  cost  and  market  structure  literature  in  order  to  examine  the relationships between ecommerce and offline market structures in the retail industry through regional employment and establishment data. The literature reviewed and used focus only on the US market whereas this thesis shifts the attention to the European regions. The results are convincing and in general corresponding to previous research results. As ecommerce usage increase and the consumer search costs thereby gets lower inefficient firms drop out of the market resulting in a decline in local establishment counts. The opposite effect is seen for pure online retailing establishments that thrive in the presence of local ecommerce usage. The effect of   ecommerce  on  traditional  offline  establishments  seems  to  be  aggregated  phenomena whereas  the  effect  on  pure  online  firms  seems  to  be  of  a  more  local  nature.  Focus  of policymakers and company management therefore might consider looking at the two effects in their respective aggregation level to best sort out how to react in the presence of increased competition from ecommerce usage.

  • 275.
    WIBERG, WILLIAM
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    HALLGREN, JOHAN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Open Source Hardware: A case study of userdeveloped derivatives2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Open Source Hardware (OSHW) is a concept where hardware designs are shared for everyone to use, modify and build upon. This have become a widespread phenomenon in the microcontroller industry and created an ecosystem where users and companies produce various “derivatives” or alternative designs based on existing OSHW.

    This research explores this phenomenon of derivative development between users and producers and how this affects innovation, by exploring three case studies of user developed derivatives and interviews with producers and various people with OSHW background. This thesis found that this ecosystem to be dependent on Open Source and leverages the interest of users motivation to innovate and producer support. Furthermore, eight different factor were discovered that derivative development affecting innovation. (1) Openness & Transparency allows the user to innovate without fearing consequences of IP infringement and establishing trust. The transparency also increases the chances for the users to become innovators, as it facilitates the understanding of products, through the documentations and information sharing. (2) Support from producers facilitates users’ ability to design and innovate and was found crucial for the emergence of derivative designs. (3) Amplified Motivation through personal interest has a high impact in the innovation of open microcontrollers. (4) Market diffusion through low-cost ways of sharing and diffusing designs. (5) Market expansion increasing the number of derivative development can affect the resources used by producers in their development process. (6) Product improvements are affected, because of the vast feedback provided by the community, which can lead to through the discovery of usage in fields, product functionality. This increases the quality of the product and allows OSHW producers to stay competitive. (7) Collaboration can affect innovation by the collaborations with derivative projects and businesses. (8) Brand and Marketing is affecting by the number of users that use producers’ products for user-innovators development of derivative designs.

     

  • 276.
    Widmer, Tobias
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. -.
    Assessing the strengths and limitations of Business Model Frameworks for Product Service Systems in the Circular Economy: Why Canvas and co. are not enough2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s value chains rely strongly on a virgin material to ‘take-make-dispose’ products.One way to reduce that dependency on finite resources is a circular economy (CE).Different pillars form the concept, this research paper focuses on Product-ServiceSystems (PSS) in which a customer instead of buying a product for example only paysfor the use of one.Companies who want to transfer towards a circular business model (BM) facetremendous organisational challenges. They cannot just modify some parts of theiroperations, they have to change the entire BM. Much of the literature and t on BM is aresult of e-business and therefore not necessarily suitable for circular BM.To investigate if the current tools are suitable, the aim of the research is to answer thequestion: Do existing BM Frameworks cover the information requirements for PSS BMswithin the CE.The paper provides a literature review on two bodies of knowledge. First it explains thecharacteristics of PSSs in the context of a CE; secondly, it describes the different BMframeworks which are assessed in this research.To answer the research question, three sub-questions are formed on values, activitiesand stakeholders of a BM to be applied on the BM frameworks. The research follows atwo-step approach to answer these sub-questions, in a first step 9 experts fromacademia, consultancy and business were interviewed on characteristics of PSSs.Based on these characteristics, 26 questions were defined to assess the strength andlimitations of the 9 BM frameworks.As the analysis of this assessment shows, future work is necessary to develop suitableBM frameworks for PSSs and scaled up to the entire CE. The research does notpropose a new BM framework but rather points on lacks in current ones and suggestspossible further research to locate these lacks. Further, the two-step approach as aresearch methodology can be used to connect and assess any kind of expertknowledgewith existing literature or frameworks.

  • 277.
    YING, ZHAO
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF TOP MANAGEMENT TURNOVER IN CHINESE REAL ESTATE INDUSTRY2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates  the factors  which influence  top management  turnover  in the Chinese real estate industry. The three main announced  reasons for top management turnover  are occupation  mobility

    、 expiration  of the term and quit. In the empirical

    analysis, I find that three statistically  significant reasons for turnover are firm size

    、 turnover  of first shareholder  and proportion  of independent  director.  Furthermore,  I study  how  firm performance  affect  top  management  turnover.  This  paper  uses  two

    different  firm  performance  indexes.  One  is financial  index-ROA  (Return  on  asset). The other is stock index-EPS  (Earnings per share). Significant  negative relations are found between total chairman turnover and earnings per share and lagged earnings per share.

  • 278. Zhang, Yingchao
    et al.
    Fabel, Oliver
    Thomann, Christian
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Pay inequity effects on back-office employees' job performances: the case of a large insurance firm2015In: Central European Journal of Operations Research, ISSN 1435-246X, E-ISSN 1613-9178, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 421-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using personnel data on back-office employees of an insurance company, we investigate the effect of pay inequity-as measurable and, hence, perceivable by an individual-on the particular individual's job performance. We calculate three measures of pay inequity, "inequality," "envy," and "altruism," for total pay as well as, separately, for three pay components, salary, commissions, and year-end bonuses. Job performance is measured by the value of commissions for new contracts that accrue to the sales agents who are serviced by the back-office employee. Quantile panel regressions show that inequity effects on performance distinctly differ over the performance distribution and across the different pay components. Further, results depend on the time structure of pay and, possibly also, on pay secrecy rules.

  • 279.
    ZHANG, YUWEI
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Determining The Optimal CapitalStructure With The Contingent Claims Analysis2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Finding the optimal capital structure has been a relevant subject for many decades. Therehas for a long time been a discrepancy between observed leverage ratio and those proposedby theory, with many different theories suggested and developed throughout time. One ofthose theories is the Contingent Claims Analysis (CCA). Based initially on Black & Scholes’option-pricing theory and formulas, and pioneered by Merton, the CCA-methodology hasthroughout the years been developed further and moved from pricing liabilities todetermining capital structures. The research and development on CCA-models have for thepast years mostly been on a theoretical level and less about its practical applicability. Thosefew applications that have been made were based on the U.S. market and companies.Ju and Ou-Yang developed one of the most recent CCA-methodologies in 2006,abbreviated as the JOY-model in this study. What distinguishes this model is its ability toshow the non-monotone relation of debt maturity and debt face amount through the morecomplex tradeoffs between tax benefits, bankruptcy costs and transactions cost. With a fewchanges made to it, and with almost all data from the Swedish market and companies, theJOY-model yields higher leverage ratios than what the 5 analyzed companies have today.The optimal leverage ratio, defined as debt value/firm value ranges from 10 – 40% and theoptimal debt maturity period is at 4 – 6 years. Out of all the model parameters, the long-runmean of the stochastic risk-free interest rate has the biggest impact on the final results. TheJOY-model and CCA in general are complex and resource intense models that need certainimprovements. Nonetheless, its overall potential is still promising.

  • 280.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Employment in New Firms: Mobility and Labour Market Outcomes2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the role of new firms in the labour market and uses Swedish data to analyze labour mobility in new firms, including both transitions of workers into and from new firms. In particular, it focuses on employees’ wages in new firms and post-new firm employment labour market outcomes as transitions into long-term employment and entrepreneurship. 

    This thesis consists of four essays. The first two essays concern labour mobility into new firms. The last two essays focus on post-new firm employment mobility.

    The first essay explores the role of new firms as an entry point into the labour market for individuals with little (or no) labour market experience. The findings show that the wage penalty found in previous research, which includes more heterogeneous groups of employees, decreases once the focus is solely on labour market entrants. 

    The second essay investigates whether there is a wage penalty for being employed at a new firm if the individual employee’s experience and status in the labour market are taken into account; this essay focuses on individuals who decide to switch jobs. The findings show that there is a wage penalty for being employed at a new firm; however, considering a random selection into new firms may underestimate the wage differentials.

    The third essay studies the role that new firms play for the career path of their employees. In particular, this paper analyzes whether short-term employment in new firms (employment lasting less than one year) may serve as a stepping stone toward long-term employment (at least two years of employment with the same employer) for non-employed individuals. The findings indicate that short-term employment in new firms may serve as a stepping stone toward long-term employment.

    The fourth paper examines the new firm effect on entrepreneurship, which the findings indicate is positive and statistically significant; this effect remains even after controlling for a worker's ability and shows that employees with both high and low levels of ability may transition to entrepreneurship.

  • 281.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The effect of employment in new firms on a career path: Is it a stepping stone toward long-term employment?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that new firms provide unstable employment because the risk of failure of new firms is high. At the same time, new firms attract and employ a disproportionately larger share of individuals with weaker positions in the labour market. This paper studies the role new firms play in determining the career paths of their employees and analyses whether short- term employment in new firms (employment lasting less than one year) may serve as a stepping stone towards long-term employment (at least two years of employment with the same employer) for non-employed individuals. Individual-level data from a Swedish matched employee-employer database are used collected from five years (2001-2005). A propensity score analysis is used in the empirical analysis. The findings indicate that short-term employment in new firms may serve as a stepping stone towards a long-term employment for both women and men. Moreover, the new firm effect on the probability of long-term employment is positive even for new firm employees who leave their firms involuntarily due to firm closure.

  • 282.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The new firm effect on entrepreneurshipManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the new firm effect on entrepreneurship and investigates the new firm employee transition to entrepreneurship and controls for the worker's ability in terms of income residuals. For empirical analysis, dataset collected from Swedish matched employee-employer database from five different cohorts (2001-2005), is used and competing risk models are employed. The findings indicate that the new firm effect on entrepreneurship is positive and statistically significant and remains even after controlling for a worker's ability. Moreover, workers with the lowest and the high- est abilities are more likely to enter entrepreneurship. This effect on worker's ability is also true for the entrepreneurial transition among incumbent firm employees. In contrast, among new firm employees, women entering into entrepreneurship are drawn from the lowest and the next highest tails of the income residual distribution, while men entering into entrepreneurship are drawn only from the lowest tails of the income residual distribution.

  • 283.
    ZINN, KRISTOFFER
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Risk Management and the Tax Allocation Reserve2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate if there exist a relation between the use of the tax allocation reserve and financial risk management among Swedish corporations. In order to perform the study the literature on risk management is reviewed. The fields within the risk management theory that have an impact on the incentives to use the tax allocation reserve is identified and described. A binary logit model is applied to empirically test if a statistical relationship between the use of the tax allocation reserve and risk management exist. To determine the use of the tax allocation reserve a binary choice variable is created and tested against the theories of transaction costs, coordination of financing and investment policies and the reduction of corporate tax. The model is applied on financial statement data of firms operating in Sweden from 2009 to 2011. Reported results reveal evidence that there exist a statistical relationship between the use of the tax allocation reserve and the theories of transaction costs and the coordination of financing and investment policies, and suggest that their occur risk management related activities in the application of the tax allocation reserve among firms operating in Sweden. The findings also suggest that tax incentives impact the utilization of the tax allocation reserve.

  • 284.
    ZIRA, EIRINI
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The Impact of Skill Mismatch on AggregateProductivity:cross-country analysis in OECD economies2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study explores the relationship between skill mismatch in twomain categories, numeracy and literacy, and aggregate productivity as derivedfrom a decomposition of productivity into within-rm productivityand allocative eciency. Skill mismatch is considered a rather persistentphenomenon with long lasting eects in various aspects. In the analysiscovered, OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) database was employed forthe aggregated indicators of skill mismatch while productivity was measuredusing ORBIS commercial database. The key ndings reveal a strong andnegative relationship between skill mismatch in numeracy and productivity,which stems from a negative relationship between the same category and thewithin-rm labor productivity. Under-skilling in numeracy exhibits a negativeeect on productivity while over-skilling seems not to be related in thecurrent specication. Based on the relationship between competition andproductivity, market power is used to control for the competition in dierentsectors. The results suggest that higher market share translates to higherproductivity and the relationship is statistically signicant.

  • 285.
    Åsberg, Christer
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    External Innovation through Acquisitions in the High-tech Industry.: A Study of Strategic Implications2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mergers and acquisition (M&A) have been at the forefront of academic research. However, most  of  the  research  in  this  realm  focuses  on  the  generic  benefits  that  arise  from acquisitions  or  the  challenges  that  they  involve.  This  paper  highlights  the  use  of acquisitions in the high-tech intensive industries (examples include pharmaceuticals, and electronic and communications) as a favorable means of external innovation to maintain competitive advantage.  The main objective of this research is to analyze both primary and secondary data,  in  order  to  propose  the  circumstances  under  which  it  is  strategically advantageous for firms to engage in external innovation through acquisition. The primary data has been collected from interviews with Oracle Corporation, and a current start-up in the high-tech industry. The following conclusion is drawn, that large profitable firms with accumulated and current R&D efforts, can benefit from acquiring smaller private start-ups to remain competitive. The uncertainty in technologically driven environment demands adaptable  firm boundaries to  continuously improve core  competencies, introduce new products lines, and decrease the time to market. The paper highlights the necessity for external innovation because in-house R&D is insufficient to catch all market movements. It proposes a framework for a proper acquisition strategy that emphasizes key aspects of competitive advantages for technology driven businesses.

  • 286.
    Åsman, Christer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Wahldén, Henning
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Leverantörer av utrustning och tjänster försmåskalig vattenkraft2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By request of the Swedish Hydropower Association a market survey of companies that operates

    in or in close cooperation with the small hydro power market was undertaken during the spring of

    2012. The association has noticed a surge in interest regarding small hydro power from both

    domestic and foreign entities and wants to proactively engage this interest.

    The main methods used to survey the market was to interview a handful of small hydropower

    plant owners and contact owners of hydropower plants and members of the Swedish Hydropower

    Association that had listed an e-mail address. The fundamental question is what companies the

    interviewees have come in contact with in regards to things related to the power plant. An early

    draft of the pre-defined criteria is used as support. Besides choosing the companies in regards to

    their responses to the interviews, some companies are also selected from appearing in the

    Swedish Hydropower Association members cadastral who are supporting members and

    companies that have published adverts during the last five years in the SERO-journal, a trade

    journal.

    The design of the survey sets the standard for how the companies are presented. The first part

    describes general information, if available. This is information such as company representative

    and a brief description of what the company does. The information following is what services and

    products the company offer in what categories. The categories has been determined by comparing

    how similar trade organizations have set up their categories, this combined with the results from

    interviews and surveys sets the structure for our categorization of activities.

  • 287. Åstebro, Thomas
    et al.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Does academic entrepreneurship pay?2013In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 281-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the private returns for academics that start new businesses. Total earnings for the universe of 478 individuals working at Swedish universities who quit to become full-time entrepreneurs between 1999 and 2008 are compiled. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first analysis of entrepreneurial returns to include capital gains. Entrepreneurship for academics appears a gradual process and episodic. Earnings are similar before and after becoming an entrepreneur, and dividends and capital gains are inconsequential. But the income risk is more than three times higher in entrepreneurship.

  • 288.
    ÇÖMLEKÇİOĞLU, İNCİ
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    IDEA MINING: Can Business Intelligence be an alternativeidea generation method in service companies?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Enabled by the increased amount of digital data storage, business intelligence (BI) became a powerful  method  to  improve  business  decision  making  since  1990s.  It  yields  competitive advantage for firms and helps solving business problems faster especially in service business. Despite near real time market analysis, customer segmentation or prediction capabilities of BI, its role in stimulating the innovation is not clearly described.

    This research presents methods for generating new service ideas that a company can use, and

    determines the role of business intelligence in today’s innovation ideation process based on an empirical study on biggest four Turkish Telecommunication firms. Among various methods for idea  generation,  business  intelligence  has  not  developed  enough  to  provide  an  alternative ideation method yet. However, it can be a complimentary method which covers drawbacks of other methods.

  • 289.
    Ögren, Patric
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Högberg, Kristoffer
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    En ”marknadsundersökning” genom att iterera fram till ett värdeskapande koncept2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A business concept has been developed into a marketplace. The marketplace is a web and mobile application whose purpose is to create value out of resources' bookable time slots which today generally have low occupation rates at activity facilities within sports, culture and entertainment.

    The marketplace is intended to bring together a wide range of low occupation rate time slots for different activity types, with types of activities that friends typically do together an ordinary day. The idea is to build a strong brand for the marketplace with the clear message that "the marketplace provides a wide range of affordable offerings for sports and spare time activities, if you choose to adjust your schedule to fit the facilities' low occupation rate time slots". In addition, the marketplace should have functionality that makes it easier for end-users to find a time slot through the marketplace that fits everyone, by synchronizing the various options of activities and time slots preferences that people within a group of friends are interested in. The marketplace is supposed to be targeted to people with flexible schedules, especially self-employed, students and seniors. There is a good potential for a third party to run such a marketplace and specialize in creating value out of low occupation rate time slots. However, the business concept does not prevent the facilities themselves to make efforts which lead to increased occupation rates at time slots with low occupation rates. Furthermore, the facilities are rather supposed to use the marketplace as a complement to their existing booking systems. Based on the examined activity facilities, there is a good potential to increase a facility's turnover with approximately 330 000 SEK yearly.

    The business concept has been developed by doing a market research based on a technical product which initially was designed as a booking system with different product development opportunities and various potential customer segments to address. The market research was done iteratively by using the project management methodology Lean Startup combined with qualitative market research techniques from Innovation Games.

  • 290.
    Öhrn Lundin, Josefin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Transparency in Global Value Chains: A Case Study on How Swedish Firms in Global Value Chains Perceive Their Level of Transparency2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a qualitative case study on how Swedish companies operating in global valuechains percieve their level of transparency concerning social- and environmental aspects, andhow they manage this work. The thesis contributes to existing literature since it draw attentionto the role of transparency concerning social- and environmental aspects and study howcompanies operating in global value chains actually perceive their level of transparency. Theanalysis and results in this thesis is based on interviews with sustainability experts within fivedifferent Swedish companies operating in global value chains. The companies in this studydiffer in size and belong to different industries. The result shows that companies in this studydo not perceive transparency as an issue in itself; rather the ability to control the chains has animpact on the level of transparency. The level of control seems to depend on resources andstakeholders pressure, and differ depending on industry and size of the company. In thisstudy, the larger companies have more resources to control their chains than the smallercompanies and therefore they have a higher level of transparency.

3456 251 - 290 of 290
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