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  • 251.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nya villkor för den kommunala planeringen2006In: Planering med nya förutsättningar: Ny lagstiftning, nya värderingar / [ed] Graninger, Göran, Gösta Blücher, Linköpings universitet, Stiftelsen Vadstena Forum , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stimulera staden2007In: Turism & Truism: Trender & Traditioner i en framtidsbransch, Stockholm: Turism i storstadsregion , 2007, p. 98-105Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 253.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Role of Culture in Urban Development2008In: New Urbanism and Beyond: Designing Cities for the Future / [ed] Haas, Tigran, New York: Rizzoli , 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Utmaningar för allmännyttan2006In: Familjebostäder: Flera kapitel i svensk bostadspolitik / [ed] Ulrika Sax, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 255.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vad är hållbarhet?2011In: Urbaniserad värld: Nya steg mot hållbarhet, Stockholm: Global Utmaning , 2011, p. 12-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Cars, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Engström, Carl-JohanKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stadsregioners utvecklingskraft - trender och nya perspektiv2008Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 257.
    Cars, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Malmsten, Bo
    Tornberg, Patrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bana väg för infrastruktur: Effektivisering av planeringsprocessen för infrastrukturprojekt2009Report (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Cars, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Konsten att bygga bättre, billigare och snabbare: en studie av samverkan mellan kommuner och näringsliv i bostads- och infrastrukturplanering2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en ingående studie i hur samverkan mellan kommuner och näringsliv kan underlätta bostads- och infrastrukturbyggande. Rapporten tar också upp hur kommuner och företag ser på sitt engagemang i olika utvecklingsprojekt. bland annat ifrågasätts realismen i att utveckla de regionala kärnor som pekas ut i den regionala utveciklingsplanen för stockholms län. Tre fall studier har i rapporten fått illustrera möjjligheter och svårigheter med samverkan mellan kommuner och näringsliv och kommunerna sinsemellan. De tre projekten som beskrivs är Norrortsleden, Sollentuna Centrum och Täby-Arninge.

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  • 259.
    Cars, Göran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Witzell, Jacob
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Malmsten, Bo
    Infrastruktur med finansiering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Carstens, Christoffer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering. Cty Adm Board Gavleborg, S-80266 Gavle, Sweden..
    Sonnek, Karin Mossberg
    Swedish Def Res Agcy, Def Anal, S-16490 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Raty, Riitta
    Swedish Def Res Agcy, Def Anal, S-16490 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Insights from Testing a Modified Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways Approach for Spatial Planning at the Municipal Level2019In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways (DAPP) approach has successfully been used to manage uncertainties in large infrastructure projects. However, the viability of the DAPP approach for spatial planning in smaller municipal settings is not clear. This paper examines opportunities and constraints of using adaptive pathways approaches to help small municipalities plan for future sea-level rise. The methodology was based on developing a simplified DAPP-approach, which was tested in a multiple experimental case study of spatial planning projects in three municipalities in Sweden. The results show that the approach promoted vulnerability-based thinking among the end-users and generated new ideas on how to manage the uncertain long-term impacts of future sea-level rise. However, the increased understanding of uncertainties was used to justify static, rather than adaptive, solutions. This somewhat surprising outcome can be explained by perceived legal constraints, lack of experience of adaptive pathways, and unwillingness to prescribe actions that could prove difficult to enforce in the future. More research is needed to further understand at what planning phases dynamic policy pathway approaches work best and how current barriers in legislation, practices, mind-set, organization, and resources can be overcome.

  • 261.
    Caumartin, Julie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Exploring the Urban Exodus in Covid 19 times and its rural revitalization potential in France: The cases of Saint-Fraimbault and Mamers2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rural revitalization is a major concern in many developed countries where rural exodus depopulated thecountryside, including France where some rural areas suffer from demographic and economic decline. In thefirst times of the Covid 19 crisis, the perspective of an urban exodus was largely raised in the developedcountries’ press. The idea was that the pandemic was sparking disenchantment with the urban lifestyleleading to mass migration from the big cities to the countryside, thus fostering rural revitalization, possibly ata wide scale. Therefore, the aim of this study is on the one hand, to understand this Urban Exodusphenomenon and its significance in the French context through press and literature review. On the otherhand, the aim is to investigate if and how this phenomenon impacts rural revitalization, by focusing on thecases of the rural municipalities Saint-Fraimbault and Mamers. We find that the vision of the Urban Exodusfirst conveyed by the media was distorted: there has been no global reorganization of spatial and migratorypatterns in France, even though more people have been moving towards an area with a lesser populationdensity. The host territories include rural areas that were in decline before the pandemic, where the UrbanExodus represents a potential in terms of demographic and economic recovery, as well as a challenge for theirrural identity and their development model. The case studies show that the effects of the Urban Exodus onrural revitalization are not uniform. They suggest that the effects may depend on the initial developmentstrategy of the municipality. In the case of Mamers indeed, the Urban Exodus was experienced as anopportunity while the phenomenon did not have significant effects in Saint-Fraimbault.

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  • 262. Cauvain, Jenni
    et al.
    Karvonen, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social housing providers as unlikely low-carbon innovators2018In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 177, p. 394-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social housing providers have recently emerged as unlikely innovators of low carbon transitions in the UK residential sector. They tend to have a significant amount of influence over large housing stocks, op- portunities to access funding to retrofit on a large scale, can make explicit connections between reduced carbon emissions and improved quality of life for low-income residents, and foster a close relationship with the place and communities they serve. In effect, social housing providers are ‘middle actors’ who not only facilitate but also realise low carbon transitions through various strategies. This paper uses em- pirical findings from interviews with social housing providers in Greater Manchester to understand the different ways that low carbon and energy efficiency innovation is being undertaken in this sector. The findings reveal that as middle actors, social landlords influence upstream to policy makers and regulators, downstream to individual households, and sideways to other actors in the social housing sector as well as to other building and energy professionals. The findings reveal opportunities for governments to sup- plement their existing policies with recognising and supporting middle actors to accelerate low carbon transitions of the built environment.

  • 263. Cauvain, Jenni
    et al.
    Karvonen, Andrew
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Petrova, Saska
    Market-based low-carbon retrofit in social housing: Insights from Greater Manchester2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 937-951Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, social housing providers in the UK have become influential actors in realizing the national government’s decarborization agenda. However, when decarbonization is considered in light of austerity measures and the privatization of public housing, a number of contradictions arise. From interviews and a workshop with policymakers and registered providers in the city-region of Greater Manchester, three tensions are highlighted. First, since the 1980s, the housing stock condition has been used as a political pawn in successive reforms to demunicipalize social housing. Second, local authorities continue to harness the collectivities that remain in the social housing sector to realize their decarbonization goals. Third, the retrofit practices of social landlords are only superficially aiming for carbon control; instead, they focus on the social aims that are seen as important to the ethos and business model of the landlord. The article concludes that there are unavoidable conflicts between the interests of different actors whose low-carbon economy is conceived at different spatial scales and with different underlying objectives. As social landlords are foregrounded in subregional low-carbon policy, they are effectively co-opted into market-based retrofit, resulting in unintended consequences for the social housing sector.

  • 264.
    Cavendish, Maia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Public Art and Residual Urban Spaces: The Case for Informal Public Art in Stockholm2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While Stockholm has made significant investments in formal public art throughout the inner city and suburbs, the city has a lack of informal public art. Defined as a feature or work produced by a person who considers themselves to be an artist or craftsperson, located in a place accessible to and used by the public, public art can be either formal or informal. Informal public art generally has no formal process, with flexibility on the temporal nature of the work, materials and subject. This allows the artwork to inhabit spaces which are overlooked or underinvested in by formal public art commissioning bodies, and not have to follow formal public art requirements which are part of the broken “public art machine”. (Phillips, 1988). Much of Stockholm’s urban environment is considered beautiful, has heritage value and/ or is protected. But Stockholm also hosts many spaces in between – spaces that hold the city together, including infrastructure, bridges, alleys, and the places under and between them. These spaces can be labelled as a city’s residual spaces (Villagomez, 2010), and are where informal public art can be utilised to make these spaces into places. This study outlines the importance of and background to public art in the context of Stockholm. A survey of Stockholm’s residents, visitors and potential future visitors established how they feel about public art in the city, as well as in residual urban spaces, and to what extent it assists with establishing a place connection. This was accompanied by onsite interventions and observational analysis which challenged the way residual urban spaces are being used in Stockholm, and developed a case for how informal public art can be incorporated in the city’s residual urban spaces.

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  • 265.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    "Apps on the street" En ny tids vakande ögon2019In: Samhällsbyggandet som mysterium – Jane Jacobs idéer om människor, städer och ekonomier / [ed] Jesper Meijlings & Tigran Haas, Nordic Academic Press, 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 266.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Chapter 1 - Aim, scope, and book structure2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 3-7Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is about crime and community safety in rural areas. Crime is oftenregarded as an urban rather than a rural issue. Is this because rural areas are saferthan urban areas? We suggest in this book that even if they are, this is just apartial view of what safety in rural communities is or what it is perceived to be.The relationship between crime and community characteristics is complex,determined by a set of interdependent factors that, together, create nuanced differencesof what is thought to be safety in rural areas. The chapter defines theaim, scope, and structure of the book.

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  • 267.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 1 - Crime and fear in public places: Aim, scope and context2020In: Crime and Fear in Public Places: Towards Safe, Inclusive and Sustainable Cities, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 3-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to the theme of crime and fear in public places, the book scope, steps taken in the making of the book, key definitions, and the synopsis of the chapters. This chapter also illustrates how this edited volume contributes to the current knowledge by examining the evidence of victimization and fear in public places from an interdisciplinary perspective with examples from the Global North-South contexts, considering theories at the crossroads of several disciplines.

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  • 268.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 10 - Violence against women in rural communities2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 226-254Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Place is a predictor of victimization. Crime more often happens in places other thanin the private sphere. For women, however, the home tends to be more dangerousthan any other place. Women are threatened and assaulted most often where theyreside, by someone they know, in acts often classified as “violence againstwomen.” In rural areas, women are less likely to report this kind of violence, fornumerous reasons. For instance, long distances create isolation to a greater degreethan in urban areas. This chapter points out the barriers women living in rural areasface when reporting violence, particularly when the perpetrator is known to thevictim. This is followed by a brief discussion of international urban–rural trends inrates of violence against women. Then, the chapter provides a basis for the analysisof the Swedish case by presenting a list of individual and structural factors that aredeterminants of violence against women in rural areas.

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  • 269.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 11 - Police, rural policing, and community safety2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 259-291Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One reason this chapter is devoted to rural policing is the difference in policework and organization. More than 40 years ago, Cain (1973) highlighted the distinctivenessof rural policing, with its isolating and lonesome nature, and thedependence on one’s neighbors and community within which the police lived.Rural crime issues are very different nowadays from those in the 1970s, and certainlyrurality is a complex mix that imposes new demands on policing that gobeyond issues of remoteness and isolation. Policing is no longer a job for thepublic police force only. Yet “(t)here has always been, and still is, a differencebetween police work and organization in urban and rural areas” (Furuhagen,2009, p. 13)Mawby (2011) suggests that in many countries only a small proportion ofpolicing is carried out by police officers especially trained by the central or localgovernment. Alternative policing has not emerged at pace with this change orevenly distributed across or within countries. This chapter starts with an internationaloverview of what the police have been, with particular focus on thehistorical development of the rural police as an institution. This is an importantsubject, as Mawby and Yarwood (2011, p. 1) suggest “studies of rural policinghave fallen off the edge of many research agendas.” This chapter also provides adetailed history of the development of policing in Swedish rural areas and discussesexamples of the contemporary daily work of police with crime, crime prevention,and community safety, focusing on Sweden. Then, the chapter ends with a discussion of future challenges for policing in the Swedish countryside, asthe commodification of policing has become a reality and the police organizationis being centralized.

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  • 270.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Chapter 12 - Prevention of farm crimes andcrimes against nature2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 293-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter takes the issues of Chapter 8 forward by discussing the main crimeprevention initiatives related to farm crimes and environmental and wildlifecrimes (EWC). These crimes and their prevention are rarely in the headlines,which is not surprising given that in most countries crime control and preventionstrategies focus on big-city problems. The role of community in dealing withfarm crime and EWC in rural municipalities through crime prevention initiativesis given special attention. First, farm crimes and EWCs are framed taking intoaccount a selection of international studies followed by examples from Sweden.Then the chapter turns to new forms of surveillance and protest against farmcrime and EWC using ICT and social media.

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  • 271.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Chapter 13 - Crime prevention in rural areas: Youth-related challenges2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 323-345Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To frame the Swedish case, this chapter briefly reviews some of the currentinternational literature in criminology on crime prevention activities aimed atyouth in rural settings. The role of community in dealing with the problem inrural municipalities through crime prevention initiatives is given special attention.The chapter closes with examples from the Swedish rural context and concludingremarks.

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  • 272.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 14 - Challenges to preventing womenabuse in rural communities2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 346-375Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, the chapter discusses the actionsunder way to address violence against women in Sweden, following the conclusionsabout violence against women presented in Chapter 10. To frame theSwedish case, this chapter briefly reviews some of the current international literaturein criminology on actions countering violence against women. Particularfocus is on the role of the community through crime prevention initiatives totackle the problem in rural municipalities. Secondary data, email surveys, mediaexcerpts, and face-to-face interviews are used to illustrate current initiatives toprevent violence against women in rural settings. The chapter concludes withexamples of good practice in Swedish rural contexts and closing remarks.

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  • 273.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 15 - Lessons from rural Sweden and looking ahead2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge , 2015, p. 379-389Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter brings together the content of this book and gives an overview ofthe main conclusions drawn. This chapter pays special attention to issues ofyouth in rural areas, farm crime, and crime against environment and wildlife, aswell as cases of violence against women, with particular focus on Swedish ruralareas. Crosscutting issues are summarized in this chapter before new researchfrontiers are suggested and conclusions drawn.

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  • 274.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 2 - The circumstances of crime and fear in public places: A review of theories2020In: Crime and Fear in Public Places: Towards Safe, Inclusive and Sustainable Cities, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 17-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This theoretical review is intended to support the analysis of the empirical research illustrated in the five cross-cutting themes of the book derived from a wide range of perspectives and disciplines. We begin by discussing the concept of public places in relation to the dynamics of urban crime and fear. Then, we concentrate on those aspects considered salient to the major components of the book: the city environment, people’s mobility, users’ perspective, metrics of crime and, fear and, intervention.

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  • 275.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Chapter 2 Crime and safety in rural areas2015In: Rural crime and community safety, New York and London: Routledge , 2015, 8, p. 26-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter starts by listing 10 reasons why crime and safety in rural areas is asubject worth examining in its own right. These 10 reasons guide the themes discussedin this book and are developed in detail in Chapters 3–14.

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  • 276.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 21 Safety in the making: An assessment of urban planners’practices in municipalities in Sweden2020In: Crime and Fear in Public Places: Towards Safe, Inclusive and Sustainable Citie, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 401-416Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central issue in urban planning is how to ensure good references for decisions and processes that lead to the design and planning of safe public environments. Despite increasing safety challenges in cities in the Nordic countries, knowledge is lacking about municipalities’ work with safety issues in daily planning practices. This chapter makes a contribution to this knowledge base by reporting the answers from surveys collected from 85% of municipalities in Sweden in 2019. The focus is on the incorporation of situational crime prevention principles into planning practices, in particular, crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED). Findings from the data analysis reveals differences in answers from planners working in urban and rural municipalities. Findings show that planners believe that safety is an important issue, but how it is dealt with in these municipalities vary greatly

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  • 277.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 3 - The architecture of crime and fear of crime: Research evidence on lighting,CCTV and CPTED features12020In: Crime and Fear in Public Places: Towards Safe, Inclusive and Sustainable Cities, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 38-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to discuss the evidence in the international literature of the effects of urban design features on safety. More specifically, this research examines the relationship between features such as lighting and CCTV to the occurrence of crime and/or individuals’ safety perceptions. Potential unexpected side effects of these features on a city’s overall quality are also discussed. To achieve these goals, the literature from 1968 to 2018 was searched using as references the Scopus, Web of Science, and JSTOR databases. A bibliometric visualization software (VOSviewer) was used to manage and map the vast material, spanning more than five decades of research, on crime and fear of crime. This pre-selection of topics was thought to be relevant for further investigation in an in-depth analysis of the 106 articles. The chapter identifies gaps in the literature and suggestions for a research agenda and practice.

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  • 278.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Chapter 3 Definitions, theory, and researchmaking in rural Sweden2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Informa UK Limited , 2015, p. 21-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter has four sections. The first section offers a number of basic definitionsin rural criminology used in this book. In some cases, several definitionsare put forward instead of assuming a single definition. The case of “rural” providesan example of this approach. The second section is devoted to a number oftheories that provide the theoretical basis for the book. Each theory is introducedin a way that highlights its importance for rural studies, particularly on crime,perceived safety, and crime prevention. In the third section, the chapter takes apractical turn and focuses on the making of research on crime and safety in ruralareas. This section discusses issues of measurement and data quality that areused later in the book. Finally, in the fourth section Sweden is introduced asstudy area.

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  • 279.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    CHapter 4 - Do green areas affect crime and safety?2020In: Crime and Fear in Public Places: Towards Safe, Inclusive and Sustainable Cities, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 75-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to identify and assess the nature of published, peer-reviewed literature in English on the relationship between green areas (parks, forests, neighborhood parks, green vacant land, interstitial spaces) and crime and perceived safety. This goal is achieved by performing a systematic literature overview from 1968 to 2018 from the major databases and respond to the following questions: (1) Which are the most common types of the green areas associated with crime and/or poor perceived safety in the international literature? (2) Do green areas affect the occurrence of crime and disorder, and if so, how? (3) Do green areas impact on perceived safety and, if so, what are the mechanisms? The chapters concludes with a discussion of policy and research recommendations.

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  • 280.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 5 - The geography of property andviolent crimes in Sweden2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge , 2015, p. 93-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Chapter 5 starts showing the changing rates and geography of a selected groupof offenses by municipalities in Sweden. Police records are used as the mainsource of the analysis but reference is also made as much as possible to theNational Crime Victim Surveys. This chapter aims at improving the knowledgebase regarding the rates and spatial distribution of crimes in Sweden. Focus isgiven to shifts in geography between rural (remote and accessible) and to urbanmunicipalities (especially Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Malmö), and vice versa.Geographical information systems (GIS) and spatial statistics techniques areused to assess concentration of thefts and violence. There is an inequality in victimizationthat is worth highlighting as trends in crime may impress differentgeographies in space.Which are the main factors behind the geography of crime in Sweden? Arethese factors in urban areas different from the ones found in rural municipalities?Following the main strand of theories in environmental criminology, the secondsection of this chapter searches for factors that can explain the spatial arrangementof crime. Crime rates are modeled cross-sectionally as a function of themunicipalities’ structural indicators, such as demography, socioeconomic conditions,and lifestyles. Note that this chapter is based on previous work publishedby the author with the criminologist Lars Dolmén in 20111 but it makes an effortto take distance from the previous study by expanding the analysis, includingdetailed analysis of property crime and updating the violence section with newstatistics. The chapter ends with a discussion of unanswered questions about thegeography of crime in Sweden and the methodological challenges of analysingthe regional distribution of crime using police recorded data at municipal level.Finally, a relevant issue that is also discussed in the final section of this chapteris the adequacy of current criminological theory in supporting the analysis ofcrime dynamics that go beyond the urban and/or neighborhood contexts.

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  • 281.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 6 - The nature of perceived safety inrural areas2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 121-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Imagine that some farmers declare they are worried about having their livestockstolen. Should this be enough to influence crime prevention efforts by the localpolice force? Or consider the case of a woman who is in fear because of constantthreats from her violent partner. Should her fear be taken seriously by workers insocial services or the police to avoid something more serious happening?Fear of crime is not typically considered a conventional policing matter andseems to be even less of an issue in rural communities. One reason for thisneglect is that the police, as well as those who devote their time to crime prevention,often work reactively, requiring an offense to be committed before anyaction can be taken. Another problem is that fear (of crime) may be triggered bythe trauma of victimization, though that is not its only source. Anxieties are fedby multi-scale factors. This chapter examines how the multifaceted nature of fearmakes perceived safety a difficult issue to tackle. Instead of denying such complexity,this chapter attempts to provide examples of how such anxieties formand are associated with the fear of crime in rural environments in Sweden. “Perceivedsafety” is a general concept used in this chapter to characterize both fearof crime and other overall anxieties, often measured by safety and crime victims’surveys.Lack of perceived safety – or, more specifically, fear of crime – has been thesubject of interdisciplinary research for many decades, but the results are farfrom unproblematic. Crime victims’ surveys and interviews are often the basisof this type of research, which has been criticized for offering a shallow pictureof what fear is actually is. This chapter examines fear as an informative resourcethat may improve quality of life for those living in rural communities. If fear is areflection of everyday life experiences, what are those experiences in ruralcommunities?

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  • 282.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 7 - Perceived safety in Swedish ruralareas2015In: Rural crime and community safety, Routledge, 2015, p. 137-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    People fear crime less in rural areas than they do in urban areas. It is submittedthat this fact represents a partial picture of perceived safety, because people canfear greatly even if they perceive a slim likelihood of crime actually occurring.In this chapter, instead of reducing the issue of perceived safety to risk of victimization,the discussion is placed in a broader context with particular attentionto rural areas in Sweden. As previously stated, “perceived safety” is a generalconcept used in this book to characterize both fear of crime and other overallanxieties captured by different indicators of fear and anxiety. The chapter looksbeyond actual statistics of perceived safety between rural and urban areas inorder to shed light on the nature of fear among people living in rural areas. Thechapter includes critical analysis of two examples of expression of fear in relationto the process of othering in the Swedish country side: Sami youth (the oldother), followed by the berry pickers (the new other). In order to illustrate inmore detail patterns of perceived safety, two non-metropolitan municipalities:Jönköping and Söderköping are discussed in this chapter. The chapter closeswith suggestions for possible further research on fear of crime in rural contexts.

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  • 283.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 8 - Farm crimes and environmental and wildlife offenses2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 166-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with two topics that are relatively neglected areas of researchin the criminological literature: farm crime, and environmental and wildlifecrime. The chapter has two sections, and both place Sweden in an internationalcontext. These offenses involve from diesel theft to drug manufacture, but alsocases of crimes and harm against nature, such as illegal hunting. They presenttrends over time using Swedish police statistics and, data permitting, alternativedata sources. Finally, geographical patterns of environmental and wildlife crimes(EWC) are discussed focusing mostly on urban–rural differences.

  • 284.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Chapter 9 - Youth in rural areas2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 196-225Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people are vital for any type of society – but certainly more important forrural communities as their future depends on them. If young people cannot continueliving in these communities, the demand for services and other types ofconsumption decreases, and consequently the community breaks down. Paradoxically,young people are far too often seen as a source of local problems.This chapter attempts to characterize both sides of this coin using available officialstatistics. It starts with demographic, socioeconomic, and lifestyle differencesamong young individuals in Sweden as background for understandingregional differences in offending and victimization among youth. This is followedby a discussion of factors associated with youth crime and victimizationin rural areas; apparently they are similar to those in urban areas. As much aspossible, the Swedish case is compared with the international literature, oftenfrom examples coming from British and North American research. The systemicnature of criminogenic conditions that is relevant for small municipalities inSweden is exemplified here by two phenomena.

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  • 285.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Crime and fear in public places: Towards safe, inclusive and sustainable cities2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    No city environment reflects the meaning of urban life better than a public place. A public place, whatever its nature—a park, a mall, a train platform or a street corner—is where people pass by, meet each other and at times become a victim of crime. With this book, we submit that crime and safety in public places are not issues that can be easily dealt with within the boundaries of a single discipline. The book aims to illustrate the complexity of patterns of crime and fear in public places with examples of studies on these topics contextualized in different cities and countries around the world. This is achieved by tackling five cross-cutting themes: the nature of the city’s environment as a backdrop for crime and fear; the dynamics of individuals’ daily routines and their transit safety; the safety perceptions experienced by those who are most in fear in public places; the metrics of crime and fear; and, finally, examples of current practices in promoting safety. All these original chapters contribute to our quest for safer, more inclusive, resilient, equitable and sustainable cities and human settlements aligned to the Global 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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  • 286.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Crime and Safety in the Rural: Lessons from research2022Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this book is to demonstrate the importanceof crime and safety in areas on the rural-urban continuum in general, and froma social sustainability perspective in particular. This aim is achieved by first outlining20 reasons as to why crime and safety matter, which also serves to delineate thefield of research and illustrate its complexity, with many interdisciplinary ramifications.Then, by reviewing the international literature, the book reports four decadesof English-language studies within the field and, finally, presents a research agendawhich takes into consideration emergent areas of research, implications for practice,and the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Expanding our knowledgeon rural crime and safety is not only an important step for the future of criminology,but a prerequisite for ever obtaining a truly sustainable society.

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  • 287.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Crime and space: patterns of offences and offenders’ paths to crime portrayed by Geographic Information Systems (GIS)2008In: Kartan och Verkligheten / [ed] Thomas Lunden, Stockholm: YMER , 2008, p. 191-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The way spatial information has been approached by literature in crimeanalysis varies highly, following both the development of urban criminologyas a discipline (Shaw and McKay 1942, Newman 1972, Cohen andFelson 1979, Brantingham and Brantingham 1991, Sampson et al. 1997,Wikström 2003, 2004) and the diffusion of spatial technologies such asGeographic Information Systems (GIS) in human sciences (Haining1990, 2003, Anselin 1999, Fotheringham and Rogerson 2002, Chaineyand Ratcliffe 2006). In this article, I review how certain notions of spacehave been incorporated into urban criminology research using GIS.

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  • 288.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Crime in Sao Paulo’s metro system: sexual crimes against women2017In: Crime Prevention & Community Safety, ISSN 1460-3780, E-ISSN 1743-4629, Vol. 19, p. 211-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates personal safety conditions in the Sa˜o Paulo metro,the largest rapid transit system in Brazil. The study looks at all types of crimes, butdevotes special attention to the nature and spatio-temporal dynamics of sexualcrimes against women while in transit. The methodology combines GeographicalInformation System and crime records with data collected using Google Street Viewand other secondary data into a set of regression models. Findings show that sexualviolence is concentrated at the busiest central stations; it often takes place during themorning and afternoon rush hours, and at stations that also attract all sorts ofviolence and events of public disorder. The study finalises with an analysis of themetro’s current prevention practices targeting women’s sexual victimisation.

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  • 289.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Crime in transit environments: Lessons from Stockholm (Sweden) and São Paulo (Brazil) metro systems: 交通环境犯罪:从瑞典斯德哥尔摩和巴西圣保罗地铁系统的经验总结2018In: Landscape architecture, ISSN 0023-8031, Vol. 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss lessons learned from assessing crime and public disorder in two major metro systems: Stockholm (Sweden) and São Paulo (Brazil). We compare temporal and spatial patterns of crime in these metro systems in two national contexts, then we compare findings from these two case studies to reason about the influence of the environment on crime and public disorder. Data from the respective transportation companies are used as the basis for the analysis, which involves Geographical Information Systems (GIS), fieldwork and modelling. Inner city metro stations but also end stations tend to concentrate more crime than stations in any other parts of the city. More than location in the city, results show that opportunities for crime at the stations are dependent on the stations’ environmental attributes, surroundings, and neighbourhood context. Crime prevention interventions must be crime specific and tackle crowded conditions at core stations especially at rush hours since they facilitate crime. The article concludes with directions for future research and suggestions for policy

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  • 290.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Does poverty cause violence?2017In: The Wiley Handbook of Violence and Aggression / [ed] P. Sturmey, Wiley , 2017, p. 67-82Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, “violence” refers to general acts of aggression. In most of the studies discussedhere, however, violence means lethal violence or homicide, because homicides constitute amore robust set of records in official statistics compared with overall violence. Also, homicidein itself is interesting because it can be a good indicator of well-being and wider socialconditions.

  • 291.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Fear of crime and overall anxieties in rural areas: The case of Sweden2018In: The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime / [ed] Murray Lee, Gabe Mythen, Routledge, 2018, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the nature of fear of crime by placing it in a broader context using Swedish rural areas as a case study. It focuses on particular groups in Swedish rural areas: the farmers, the Sami young adults and local residents in relation to temporary newcomers, the 'berry pickers'. The chapter also discusses how fear and anxieties take shape by looking at particular groups. Anxieties are fed by multi-scale factors, which make fear a difficult issue to be tackled as a policing matter. However, fear of crime and other overall anxieties are rarely considered as priority issues by these local crime prevention councils. Equally important is to better understand the mechanisms linking everyday practices with othering and discrimination as generators of fears and other anxieties. The inflow of berry pickers is characterised by a number of fears. Berry pickers have long been associated with images of crime and problems of social order in the Swedish media.

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  • 292.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Fieldwork protocol as a safety inventory tool in public places2019In: Criminal justice studies, ISSN 1478-601X, E-ISSN 1478-6028, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 165-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports on experiences using fieldwork protocols (FPs) in guiding the inventory of safety conditions in public places. Relying on theories of environmental criminology, situational crime prevention, and crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED), FPs are used to collect data on-site for three different types of public places: subway stations, shopping centers and parks. The fieldwork data are compared with other data sources and mapped using geographical information system (GIS) technology or building information modeling (BIM). Based on criteria of validity, reliability, and generalizability of evidence collected on-site, the study shows that FPs are better suited for environments that follow some uniform structure (subway stations) than other types of public places (urban parks). The article concludes with lessons for using FPs in guiding data collection for safety inventories and recommendations for future research.

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  • 293.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Geographical Information and GIS in Rural Criminology2022In: Research Methods for Rural Criminologists, Informa UK Limited , 2022, p. 127-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowing where crime takes place or how it is distributed over time and space can be important to understanding its nature and helping experts tackle it. In this chapter, we discuss the use of geographical information (GI), in particular Geographical Information Systems (GIS), in rural criminological research. We report methodological challenges and opportunities with a number of examples from the current literature, from a risk map of drug-related crimes to remote-sensing data in the investigation of environmental and wildlife crimes (EWC). We finalize the chapter by reaching forward to what lies ahead in terms of research frontiers. 

  • 294.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Har miljö betydelse för säkerhet och trygghet på T-banan?2012In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Medborgarnas behov av rörlighet kan uppfyllas genom tillgängliga, pålitliga och säkratransportsystem. Men hur säkra är egentligen knutpunkterna i Stockholms tunnelbana?Och hur trygg känner man sig där? Under ett års tid ledde Vania Ceccato, docent vid Institutionenför Fastigheter och byggande, KTH, ett projekt som syftade till att förstå miljönsbetydelse för säkerhet och trygghet på Stockholms tunnelbanor. Medverkade i projektetgjorde också Adriaan Cornelis Uittenbogaard och Roya Bamzar. Projektet finansierades avTrafikverket, SL och Stockholm stad.

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  • 295.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Har stadsmiljön betydelse för säkerheten? CPTED-metodens möjligheter och utmaningar2016In: Urbanismer: Dagens stadsbyggande i retorik och praktik / [ed] T. Haas, D. Nilsson, K. Olsson, Stockholm: Nordic Academic Press , 2016, 1, p. 99-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Har stadsmiljön betydelseför säkerheten?CPTED-metodens möjligheter och utmaningarVania CeccatoBrottsprevention genom urban design eller så kallad CPTED (CrimePrevention Through Environmental Design) innebär att ”the properdesign and effective use of the built environment can lead to areduction in the fear and incidence of crime”.1 Om så är fallet bordedet vara möjligt att förändra en specifik miljö så att invånarnas oroför brott minskar och att det sannolikt inträffar färre brott. Meni vilken utsträckning kan man förlita sig på stadslandskapets särdragför att garantera trygga miljöer? I ett försök att besvara dennafråga ägnar jag detta kapitel åt att lägga fram och kritiskt bedömaprinciperna för CPTED i relation till en fallstudie i Stockholm somursprungligen lades fram av Bo Grönlund.2 Därefter diskuterar jagCPTED-metodens utmaningar och möjligheter generellt. Kapitletavslutas med ett antal förslag på lämpliga ”nästa steg” för CPTEDforskningoch -praktik.

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  • 296.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Introduction to Special issue: Brazilian Criminology in the 21st Century2021In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, ISSN 1043-9862, E-ISSN 1552-5406, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 4-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the special issue ?Brazilian Criminology in the 21st Century? that is composed of seven studies of contemporary security problems and related public security initiatives in Brazil. They are multidisciplinary contributions employing a large variety of methods, written by researchers based on Brazilian universities or research executed in cooperation with international colleagues. This is a unique and valuable reference source for researchers interested in Brazilian and Latin American security challenges as well as attempts to address them. By recognizing current barriers in knowledge production and sharing, the special issue calls for the creation of new opportunities for joint knowledge from the ?criminologies? of the Global South and those from the Global North, befitting an inclusive global criminology worthy of the 21st century.

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  • 297.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Introduction to the special issue: Implementing environmental criminology for crime prevention2024In: Crime Prevention & Community Safety, ISSN 1460-3780, E-ISSN 1743-4629Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction aims to showcase the articles of the special issue and highlights the expansive field of environmental criminology, underscoring its role in understanding and preventing crime through situational and environmental strategies. This collection of articles covers a wide array of research from the USA, Sweden, Australia, New Zealand, and Uruguay, demonstrating the global application of environmental criminology principles. Contributions from various disciplines illustrate the field’s multidisciplinary approach to tackling crime, particularly in the face of challenges posed by climate change and the need for social and economic sustainability.

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  • 298.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kartor som brottsbekämpnings och trygghetsskapande verktyg2020In: Kart & Bildteknik, ISSN 1651-792X, Vol. 3, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kunna visa var brott (eller rädsla förbrott) sker kan vara kritiskt för att förstådess natur och agera med specifikabrotts- eller trygghetsåtgärder. Man kanäven spara resurser genom att användarumslig information för att mer exaktkunna fördela resurser till platser (ochgrupper) som har störst behov. Detta ärviktigt för dem som har ansvar för attsäkerställa säkerhets- och trygghetsförhållanden—från polis till planerare,trygghetssamordnare och liknande.

  • 299.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Moving Safely: Crime and Perceived Safety in Stockholm's Subway Stations2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A sustainable city enables the fulfillment of the mobility needs of its citizens via accessible, reliable and safe transportation systems. Safety is one of many factors influencing the mobility of individuals in urban environments. Moving Safely: Crime and Perceived Safety in Stockholm’s Subway Stations aims to provide both theoretical and empirical perspectives on safety conditions at subway stations. The book adopts an approach that is place-centered, looking upon those who travel through the system and who may become a victim of crime. Safety at transportation nodes is not a field for one science only; it demands the combination of cross-disciplinary theories (urban criminology, architecture, geography, transportation and urban planning) as well as integrated methods that are capable of dealing with an ever-increasing volume of data. Adopting a whole journey approach to safety, the book offers suggestions on how to plan safety at subway stations with a variety of passengers’ needs. Although these suggestions are not the first ones in the literature, certainly they are new in terms of relying on findings from hypothesis testing and spatial data from a Scandinavian city. Moving Safely is relevant for experts in safety and transportation research, including criminologists, planners, transportation engineers, architects as well as professionals dealing directly with safety interventions.

  • 300.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Patterns of Traffic Accidents Among Elderly Pedestrians in Sweden2018In: Review of European Studies, ISSN 1918-7173, E-ISSN 1918-7181, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 117-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to characterize the nature and space-time patterns of traffic accidents involving elderly pedestrians in Sweden, in order to suggest preventive measures. The analysis is based on elderly pedestrian accidents from 2010 to 2014 using an age adjusted standardized elderly accidents ratios (ASEAR), Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and spatial statistics techniques. Findings show that the geography of elderly traffic accidents is far from being homogenous across the country: although most accidents happen in urban municipalities, 30 per cent of municipalities classified as accessible rural exhibit relatively high-standardized accidents ratios. They happen often in daylight hours, on weekdays and in the coldest months of the year. Most of the cases are single accidents (e.g. self-inflicted fall); they happen in street segments/intersections and pedestrian/bicycle path, some affected by environment conditions such as icy or uneven surfaces. Findings of the study call for preventive actions that are sensitive to the nature of these accidents in different temporal and spatial contexts.

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