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  • 301. Andersson, David Emanuel
    et al.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Unemployment in European regions: structural problems versus the Eurozone hypothesis2015In: Journal of Economic Geography,, ISSN 1468-2702, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 883-905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unemployment rates differ dramatically across European regions. This article analyses these differences by integrating institutional and spatial perspectives into a unified dynamic framework distinguishing between slow and fast processes of change. The framework forms the basis for an econometric model that is used to analyse labour market differences among European Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques 2 regions. The results of random-effects models indicate that four key factors—all of which are of the slowly changing type—explain a large part of the variation in unemployment as well as employment rates. Flexible labour market regulations and above-average levels of interpersonal trust are institutional factors that reduce unemployment. Accessibility factors such as inter-regional transport connectivity and local access to skilled workers have similarly substantial effects. Whether a region belongs to the Eurozone or not seems to be less important.

  • 302.
    Andersson, David Emanuely
    et al.
    Natl Sun Yat Sen Univ, Kaohsiung, Taiwan..
    Andersson, Ake E.
    Jönköping Univ, Jönköping, Sweden..
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Yang, Xiyi
    Shanghai Tech Univ, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    The geography of science in 12 European countries: a NUTS2-level analysis2020In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 124, no 2, p. 1099-1125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe has a long history as a global center of scientific research, but not all European regions are alike. Regions such as ile de France and the corridor that stretches from Cambridge to Oxford via London produce a disproportionate share of Europe's science output. An econometric analysis sheds light on the factors that explain the spatial distribution of European science. One result is that the regional volume of Web of Science publications depends on the regional number of researchers in higher education institutions. This is however not the only cause of high output. Universities and their surrounding regions are slowly evolving institutional structures. Some regions host universities that are more than 500 years old. A second key result is that an increase in the age of a region's oldest university is associated with greater output, other things being equal. Third, interregional accessibility via road, rail, and air networks is important for small regions, but not for large ones. Conversely, regional high-tech R&D employment is important for large but not for small regions.

  • 303.
    Andersson, E. Roland
    et al.
    Innovationsteknik, Mälardalens Högskola.
    Rollenhagen, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Systemgrupper och innovativ problemlösning2003Book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Andersson, Emilia
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    GIS as a method for handling environmental data from Antarctica2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Polar Research Secretariat wants to compile all data from the Swedishenvironmental monitoring programme in Antarctica and present it using a Geographical Information System, GIS, in order to get a better follow-up on performed activities. The assignment of this master’s thesis has been to build a database containing geographic information for the areas around the Swedish research stations Wasa and Svea in Dronning Maud Land. The geodatabase will serve as a platform for future GIS-applications used by theSwedish Polar Research Secretariat.The work is divided into three parts, project planning, project development and an analysis. Apart of the project planning consisted of a survey of the environmental monitoring programmeand the existing data. A number of shortcomings in the existing data were discovered duringthe survey, it was therefore decided to amend the environmental monitoring programme andupdate the data handling methods in order to get better-suited data to use in a GIS.The choice of GIS-software fell on ArcGIS ArcView 9.2 from ESRI and data from theAntarctic Digital Database was used as a basemap. Additional data from the Antarctic DigitalDatabase was used in order to build the database. A file geodatabase structure was chosen which consists of a number of feature datasets containing all the geographical information.An analysis and a discussion about the existing monitoring programme have been performed and proposals on how to improve the monitoring programme have been presented.

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  • 305.
    Andersson, Emma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vardagslivets många nyanser: Om utmaningen i att bedöma den sociala konsekvensen av en fysisk miljö2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En av planeringens främsta uppgifter är att utarbeta strategier och visioner för att skapa förutsättningar för människors vardagsliv. Samtidigt som detta är av så stor betydelse för en planerare, finns det ingen teoretisk enighet om hur mycket människor faktiskt påverkas av en fysisk miljö. I ljuset av Stockholm stads översiktsplan – Promenadstaden – är syftet med denna uppsats att studera relationen mellan stadens fysiska struktur och sociala liv. Mer specifikt ämnar denna uppsats att diskutera ifall människor verkligen lever enligt dagens normativa stadsplaneringsideal. För att kunna studera människors vardagliga handlingar baseras det empiriska materialet på ett flertal kvalitativa intervjuer med boenden i ett nyproducerat område i Stockholm stad (Telefonplan). Förståelsen för människors handlingar i Telefonplan har sedan växt fram utifrån ett flertal tongivande teoretiker inom samhällsplanering och sociologi. Bland annat har Bourdieus kultursociologiska teorier varit av stor betydelse för uppsatsens analytiska resonemang. Resultatet visar på att det finns både starka och svaga argument för Promenadstaden. Att argumentera att idealet Promenadstaden inte kommer ge förutsättningar för att uppnå sina egna mål (idén om det funktionsblandade och lokala närområdet), vore att helt bortse från den fysiska strukturens betydelse för människors vardagsliv. Men att argumentera att människors vardagsliv per automatik kommer att gå i paritet med promenadstadsplanerna, vore lika med att förbise de sociala grunder och villkor som varje dag påverkar hur människor använder sin miljö.

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  • 306.
    Andersson, Eric
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Evaluating the Strategic Benefits of the ITS Implementation at the Värta Port2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When City of Stockholm wanted to build apartments on land used and controlled by Ports of Stockholm a project was initiated with the purpose of accommodating this request. The project meant that one of the piers at the Värta Port was expanded and the ITS system was implemented at said pier. Since the project was initiated from, what was considered, necessity an extensive evaluation of the economic and strategic consequences was not preformed. This thesis discusses and evaluates the strategical aspects of the ITS implementation at the Värta Port.

    The strategical benefits of the ITS system is that it enhances the competitive advantage, the location, of Ports of Stockholm through giving them more control over the port since the infrastructure was previously owned by their customer, Tallink Silja. Furthermore, the system creates a safer work environment at the port through better controlled container and truck management and preplanned emergency scenarios. 

    The system also removes wastes in the logistical process in the port through the added control of entries and exits and a fully digital sorting and storing system. This can provide operational cost reductions to Tallink Silja who is responsible for the operation of the port. Additionally, the system provides added value for the end customer as the reliability of the shipments increase. If these benefits are enough to justify the ITS system cannot be determined in this thesis as it is only the management at Ports of Stockholm that possesses the implicit knowledge required, but there exist substantial strategical benefits to the ITS system.

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  • 307.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Aziz, David
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Förebygga vilseledande genom examinationens funktioner: En intervjustudie av matematiklärares uppfattningar om vilseledande och examination samt dess skillnad på distans2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Covid-19 pandemic resulted in universities converting to distance education. This change has resulted in an increase of attempts to deceive on digital distance examinations. The aim of this study is to investigate how math teachers within a technical faculty experience students' deceit and  how this experience together with previous research can be used to prevent and counteract students' will to deceive. In order to investigate the teachers' experience, nine semi-structure dinterviews were performed with teachers that have been examiner in first cycle mathematics courses on a technical faculty. An inductive thematic analysis was applied to analyze the content from the transcriptions, which resulted in six themes. These themes were named the following: Types of deceiving, Reasons for deceiving, Construction of assessment, View of Different measures, Progress of courses and Reasons for changelessness, Everything based on the interviewed teachers perception. The goal of the study was to create a guide that will act as a template for teachers when planning their assessments. Teachers can, with the help of the guide, get more suggestions on how to construct different assessments to minimize students rationalizing deceit. The content that is presented in the guide is based on the perspective of Cultivating Community of Practice (CCPA). The guide has the following headers: Oral assessment, Written assessment and lastly Continuous assessment. Under each headline there is a description of the respective type of assessment followed by pros and cons with that type of assessment. Finally, practical applications of the recommendations are presented in the Appendix. Results from the thematic analysis were discussed further with the help of previous research and from this discussion the guide was constructed. Teachers' perceptions on students' deceit in firstcycle mathematics courses was compared with previous research based on the themes from the thematic analysis.

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  • 308.
    ANDERSSON, ERIK
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Carlsson, Simon Carlsson
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    A stepwise strategy for achieving a critical mass: for a two-sided platform2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals’ and companies’ ability to reach a vast majority of people through scalable solutions have never been more apparent. In addition, the traditional way of creating and capturing value has been challenged by the emergence of the new digital economy. In some industries, new actors that fully appreciate the new set of rules and opportunities have outperformed their traditional peers. Those actors, i.e. Uber and AirBnB, often leverages on a two-sided platform in order to create an appealing value proposition for their customers. Both these success stories also benefit from the sharing economy. Network effects are often closely tied to a two-sided platform. This implies that the perceived value of such a platform is shaped by the actions of the users. This will foster winner-take-all environments and the need to achieve a critical mass in order to be successful. Despite the endless possibilities of the new economy, there is a need to build up a skillset that enabling a structured way of addressing new business opportunities. To some extent, there has never been a more urgent need for understanding how success is accomplished and value captured in this new economy. The purpose of this research is to present a stepwise strategy for a two-sided platform in order to achieve a critical mass. In order to fulfil this purpose, a comprehensive literature review have been conducted, together with interviews with two distinct groups, the distribution of a questionnaire, and work-shops with a Case company with a typical two-sided platform. The first group constituted of experts within the field of two-sided platforms and network effects, situated in Stockholm. The second group constituted of potential users of the case company’s two-sided platform. This group also answered the questionnaire. The main findings from our research is a strategic framework that incorporates factors that are perceived by the experts and the literature as most important in order to achieve a critical mass. Furthermore, these factors could be divided into two dimensions; The phenomenon and Suggested actions. The phenomenon represents an issue that the user of the strategic framework determines as high or low in regards of the specific two-sided platform. Suggested actions provide a plausible solution if the issue need to be addressed. We also motivate why a critical approach in evaluating the platform is preferable. In addition, the strategic framework is developed to be used in an iterative manner, thus capturing the desire to propose a stepwise strategy. The experts in our population brings up a set of important factors that also are strengthened by the literature. These factors lay the foundation of the strategic framework. Although we are aware that the strategic framework is highly dependent on the results retrieved from the interviews, our final recommendation is that it should be used as support to the initial strategy, thus lowering the likelihood of unexpected pitfalls.

  • 309.
    Andersson, Erika
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Kundutbildning från tre infallsvinklar: En fokusgruppstudie om hur utmaningar skulle kunna reduceras2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is conducted as an assignment from Saab in Järfälla, Sweden. Saab wanted help to reduce the challenges in the customer training since the instructors had expressed they needed help to improve it. The purpose of this study is to map the challenging situations that an instructor at Saab can experience during the customer training, and analyse how the challenges could be reduced. The main focus is put on organisational culture, pedagogic competence, and specialist knowledge.

    The theoretical background describes the following theories: adult teaching, competence, and organisational culture. The development of the competence is discussed and the importance of how to use the right competence is stated. The organisational culture is discussed and what an organisation can do in order to strengthen the culture is presented. Theories for adult teaching are also presented.

    A qualitative approach, in the form of focus group interviews, are used to collect data. Four focus group interviews are analysed using thematic analysis where the different themes and codes are found using the theory.

    The results indicate that the different challenges that the instructors are facing in the customer training are linked and that they influence the organisation as a whole. An example of what Saab could do in order to reduce the challenges in the customer training is presented and discussed based on relevant theories. The things that Saab may do to reduce the challenges, according to this study, are: improve the communication, work as a team and try to create a strong organisational culture.

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  • 310.
    Andersson, Esmeralda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Olika platsers tillgänglighet ur ett objektivt och subjektivt perspektiv: En jämförelsestudie av medborgarnas tillgänglighet i central stadsbebyggelse, skärgård och landsbygd2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the accessibility from a citizen perspective. The approach has been a case study where different types of areas in Haninge municipality have been included with the purpose to examine the accessibility depending on the geographical context and characteristics. The accessibility concept in this study includes both an objective and subjective approach. The study approach can be explained as that selected parameters have been examined from both an objective and subjective point of view where the values of the citizens are included. Multiple methods have been included within the case study, but the main method that has been used is survey studies where the selected parameters for accessibility have been valued by the citizens of chosen places. The parameters that has been included throughout the entire study are transportation opportunities, variety of commerce and service, presence of green areas and recreation, characteristics of the society, and citizen influence. These five parameters have been studied for places in Haninge municipality that represent central urban areas, archipelago and rural areas. The chosen places representing those types of areas are Handen, Ornö and Runsten. The result points out a good objective accessibility in the central urban areas of Haninge municipality, and the results are not as good in the archipelago and in rural areas. It is mainly because of the transportation opportunities and variety of commerce and service. However, related to green areas and recreation, does the result state a better objective accessibility in the archipelago and in rural areas. Based on the surveys does the study also show a fairly good subjective accessibility both in central urban areas and in the archipelago, this although the areas clearly differ in the objective accessibility. This has been analyzed related to housing preferences that are linked to the geographical context. For rural areas, do the objective accessibility reflect the subjective accessibility in a more evident way. There is a need for central urban areas in Haninge municipality to strengthen the subjective values, meanwhile for the archipelago and for rural areas is the need rather to strengthen objective values. Although, due to a low number of participants in the survey studies, the study has a certain deal of uncertainty and further studies must therefore be carried out in order to strengthen the results.

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  • 311.
    Andersson Gustafsson, Gunilla
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Industrial Economics and Management.
    The inner theatre in learning: en studie om kunskapsväxandet inom hantverk2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
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  • 312.
    Andersson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics.
    Perception of Own Death Risk: A Reassessment of Road-Traffic Mortality Risk2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines individuals' perception of their own road-mortality risk. Swedish data on respondents' subjective risk beliefs is used and compared with objective risk estimates. The objective risk is defined as the risk of the respondent's own age and gender group, and it is found that low and high risk groups over- and underassess their risk levels, respectively. This study replicates the analysis used by Andersson and Lundborg (2007) and the pattern of over- and underassessment found confirms their findings. As in their study, risk beliefs are updated in line with the Bayesian learning model, a relationship not statistically significant in this study, though. Regarding results of individual characteristics and risk beliefs in both studies, whereas, e.g., gender effects are robust, other results suggest a weak relationship between the perception of own road-mortality risk and individual characteristics.

  • 313.
    Andersson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics.
    Private and Public WTP for Safety: A Validity Test2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To elicit an affected population's preferences for, e.g., better health or environment stated preference (SP) methods are often used. SP methods are based on hypothetical market settings which necessitates validity tests of the results. This study describes a validity test on the basis of theoretical predictions and empirical findings for private and public safety measures. According to the test, public willingness to pay (WTP) should exceed private WTP.

  • 314.
    Andersson, Håkan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Monte Carlo metoder: En översyn av variansreduktionstekniker2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats försöker utvärdera olika strategier för variansreduktion som används vid prissättning av finansiella optioner med Monte Carlo-simulering. Inom finans och teoretisk prissättning av optioner har det varit en enorm mängd forskning. Det verkliga priset på en option har alltid varit ett stort forskningsområde. År 1973 presenterade Black & Scholes sin modell för prissättning av en enkel option. Idag används fortfarande Black & Scholes metod för prissättning och kallas "det rätta teoretiska svaret". Nackdelarna är att den bara kan prissätta enkla optioner utan flexibilitet. För prissättning av optioner med en mer exotisk struktur behövs mer komplexa metoder. Ett annat sätt att prissätta optioner är att simulera den underliggande tillgångens rörelser ett par tusen gånger och sen tillämpa stora talens lag och ta ett genomsnitt av resultaten. Detta visade sig vara ett mycket bra sätt att prissätta exotiska optioner. Dock så är det svårt att använda simulering då den långsamma konvergensen och den höga tidsåtgången för simuleringar gör det svårt att använda simulering i praktiken. Detta arbete syftar till att hitta den bäst passande prissättningsmetod för olika typer av optioner. Två huvudsakliga strategier för prissättning av optioner med variansreduktion definieras och utvärderas. På grund av den kända problematiken kring långsam konvergens och hög tidskonsumtion vid Monte Carlo-simulering så diskuteras även olika strategier och metoder för att minska dessa. Mina upptäckter under denna studie var att det inte finns någon "silver bullet". Samtliga tekniker utvärderade i denna studie har både styrkor och svagheter när de prissätter olika typer av optioner. Utifrån de tekniker som diskuterats finns det en teknik som sticker ut lite mer än de andra. Slutsatsen är att Antithetic Variate är den teknik som levererar ett trovärdigt resultat med låg standardavvikelse under relativt kort tid för samtliga optionstyper.

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  • 315.
    Andersson, Joella
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grönstruktur ur ett socialt perspektiv: Planering för ökad folkhälsa2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban green structure is an important component of a pleasant and healthy society. Since over 85% of Sweden’s population live in cities and urban areas, the urban environment affects over 8,5 million people’s daily lives. With a variety of political goals and requirements concerning the built environment, the local planning authorities carry a great responsibility to create cities and towns that make good living spaces for all citizens. Today there are many research papers on how greenery affects the public health, and all of them show that urban green structure for example can reduce stress, increase physical activity and strengthen the social community.The aim of this thesis is to acquire a greater understanding of how green structure can be planned to increase public health. The study is restricted to the work by local authorities and Lunds Kommun has been chosen as study case. The report is based on a study of the municipality’s document “Grönprogram” as well as interviews with employees at Lunds Kommun. The results that were gathered have been analyzed using previous studies and national goals and guidelines. The findings show that there are many connections between urban green structure and public health, and the knowledge of these links are beginning to spread wide. However, in the work done by the municipality of Lund, greenery and public health is mainly dealt with on a strategic and general level. The implementation of it in practical, everyday work has not yet reached any further extension. A systematic work with these questions does not exist and the communal officers identify a lack of appropriate methods to do so. They wish for a clearer and more practical guide to facilitate their work. A conclusion that can be made is that green structure and public health is starting to get attention by the local authority’s planners but should be developed further and be used more systematically.

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  • 316.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Design.
    Kulturmiljövärden i besluts- och planeringsprocesser: Röster om kompensation som styrmedel mellan bevarande och förändring2014In: Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser omfattar till olika grad särskilda åtgärder (kompensation), som syftar till att moderera konsekvenserna av en föreslagen förändring på befintliga värden i kultur- eller naturmiljö. Förutom det etablerade samrådsförfarandet, som beskrivs i Plan- och Bygglagen, PBL (SFS 2010:900), aktiveras två andra lagrum, dels Kulturmiljölagen, KML (SFS1988:950), som värnar värden i kulturmiljöer, dels Miljöbalken, MB (SFS1998:808), som skyddar värden i naturmiljöer. Medan PBL och KML hanterar kulturmiljövärden under allmänna skrivningar om hänsyn och varsamhet i förhållande till omgivande bebyggelse, innehåller MB tydliga föreskrifter att påtagliga skador på riksintressanta kultur- och naturmiljövärden ska balanseras genom kompensatoriska strategier. Denna obalans skapar en otydlighet i hanteringen av kulturmiljövärden i kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser.

         Inom ramen för ett forskningsprojekt kring begreppen kompensation och styrmedel, finansierat under 2014 av Riksantikvarieämbetet, RÄA, inbjöds sju planerare med erfarenhet av kommunal planering till en workshop för att diskutera begreppens innebörd närmare. Workshoppen genomfördes på Arkitekturskolan, KTH, och i diskussionen deltog även åtta deltagare, knutna till forskningsprojektet. Deltagarnas professionella bakgrund var en form av en arkitektkompetens: 4 deltagare var utbildade till arkitekt med specialisering på hus- eller stadsbyggnad, 2 landskapsarkitekter, 1ingenjör, 2 deltagare var arkeologer samt 1 bebyggelseantikvarie. Fem deltagare hade forskarkompetens inom arkeologi, arkitektur och samhällsplanering. Syftet med workshoppen var att diskutera praktikens förståelse av begreppen i olika kommunal besluts- och planeringsprocesser. Som ett pedagogiskt exempel användes besluts- och planeringsprocessen för åren 2009-2013 kring Ångfärjestationen i Helsingborg, belägen i Stortorgets förlängning och med utsikt över sundet. Kompensation och styrmedel diskuterades under 5 timmar i två olika sammanhang, dels deltagarnas egna tidigare erfarenheter av sådana kompensatoriska åtgärder, dels speglat genom den utvalda skånska fallstudien.

         Workshoppen ger underlag för fem huvudsakliga slutsatser kring kompensation och styrmedel i samband med kulturmiljövärde i kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser: (1) Begreppen är beroende av ett sammanhang, en kontext, för att bli användbara och operationella. (2) Kompensation och styrmedel är mindre kända i förhållande till besluts- och planeringsprocesser, som handlar om ingrepp i bebyggelsemiljöer med kulturmiljövärden. (3) Kompensation och styrmedel avseende kulturmiljö behöver skräddarsys genom ett scenariotänkande, som lyfter fram konsekvenser av att anpassa eller bevara kulturmiljövärden i en förändringssituation. (4) Kompensation och styrmedel hänger samman med en problematik som måste bearbetas från de tidigaste skedena av en kommunal besluts- och planeringsprocess. (5) Kompensation sträcker sig från att vara rena ekonomiska transaktioner för förlust av värden till sin enklaste form, till att bli kompensatoriska styrmedel, som detaljerar användning och utformning av bebyggelse inom en intressant kulturmiljö på en övergripande nivå. 

  • 317.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten för delaktighet/ Swedish Agency for Participation.
    Axelson, von, Hans
    Lindén, Arvid
    Skehan, Terry
    Equalization and Participation for All: Swedish Disability Policy at a Crossroads2016In: Universal Design 2016:: +Learning from the Past, Designing for the Future / [ed] Helen Petrie, Jenny Darzentas, Tanja Walsh, David Swallow, Leonardo Sandoval, Andrew Lewis, Christopher Power, IOS Press, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The political line in Swedish disability policy advocates the use of generalized solutions in order to fit potential needs of the largest possible group of people and, where needed, special solutions to bridge the remaining gap between the generalized level of accessibility and additional individual needs. This is referred to as the disability perspective (DP). The DP has embraced two tracks: one that pertains to generalized solutions that promote an overall high level of accessibility and usability, and another one that pertains to different types of individual support for people with disabilities. The present study is a self-reflective inquiry on key issues for the development of future disability policies. Five experts entered a discussion about the pros and cons concerning the DP. This confirmed or refuted assumptions, dilemmas, themes as well as reoccurring patterns in the political viva voce procedure that has formed the contemporary disability policy. Over the course of time, the experts believed that the DP had nurtured a belief that there is a dichotomy. This may have created an imbalance in the relation between the DP and policies such as those concerning healthcare and social care. With a clearer focus on interdependence, the experts saw synergies between needs for assistive technology, assistive products and the requirements for the built environment.

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  • 318.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten for delaktighet/ Swedish Agency for Participation (MFD) .
    Skehan, Terry
    Balke, Ola
    Dissecting strategies for creating inclusive societies in twelve western countries: Going beyond accessibility concepts and achieving universal usability2016In: Inclusion, Participation and Human Rights in Disability Research - comparisons and exchanges: Inclusion, Participation and Human Rights in Disability Research - comparisons and exchanges, ALTER European Society for Disability Research , 2016, Vol. 1, p. 7-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the mid-1960s, the concept of accessibility has evolved into a key notion for making modern welfare society inclusive for large groups of people regardless of their potential cognitive and functional abilities. In the beginning, the concept primarily targeted physical requirements for the built environment (e.g. floor level, spatial configuration, illumination, and signage). In the evolution of the concept in Sweden, accessibility has achieved both secondary and tertiary complementary meanings that refer to strategies for dismantling obsolete attitudes about people with disabilities and for ensuring that artefacts and media are useable by users with a diverse range of abilities, limitations and characteristics. By the end of the 20th century, many countries used accessibility or similar concepts (e.g. access, barrier-free design, design for all, inclusive design, accessible design) in creating inclusive welfare societies. In 2006, the UN Convention Rights for People with Disabilities (CRPD) associated universal design thinking (UD) to this quest. This paper presents findings from a study on the implementation of accessibility and universal design and similar concepts in twelve countries in three geo-economical spheres. The research material was assembled by key word searches, interviews and questionnaires. Swedish conditions were used as a matrix for creating comparative analyses. The result suggested that national strategies for promoting accessibility and universal design depended upon the chronical debut and the cultural context. From a Swedish perspective, at least three possible avenues for further development of the concept of accessibility for the 21st century are identified: definition of conceptual theorems, collection of exemplary models and practices, as well as increased use of ICT. We propose to host a session in which 2-3 experts from the countries studied discuss and analyse the conclusions of the study, and give further insights into the realisation of an inclusive welfare state with full potential for participation regardless of age and disabilities.

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  • 319.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten för Delaktighet/ Swedish Agency for Participation.
    Skehan, Terry
    Rydén, Monica
    Lagerkrans, Elisabeth
    Shopping with Acquired Brain Injuries: Coping Strategies and Maslowian Principles2016In: Universal Design 2016:: Learning from the Past, Designing for the Future / [ed] Helen Petrie, Jenny Darzentas, Tanja Walsh, David Swallow, Leonardo Sandoval, Andrew Lewis, Christopher Power, IOS Press, 2016, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A positive outcome of the modern welfare state is prolonged life expectancy. In Sweden, the expected life span has increased with approximatively 25 years during the 20th century [Statistics Sweden]. However, ageing is associated with an increased risk for acquiring cognitive and physical disabilities. This study is based on anonymized interviews with groups of older persons who experience cognitive problems and relatives. The interviewees were asked about everyday activities like shopping groceries, clothes or other necessities. The interviewees identified problems and described a series of strategies for coping. This paper uses fictionalized characters to present problems and coping strategies that the interviewees use to overcome cognitive challenges when shopping groceries. The strategies range from complete withdrawal, an increased dependency on proxies to the development of elaborate techniques to mask their problem and obtain assistance. Following the current trend in the design of the Swedish sales environment – large scale, abundance of goods and Maslowian strategies for making people stay longer (and spend more money) – accessibility in the built environment is often an absent friend.

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  • 320.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lean Projects and Sustainability in the Swedish Agricultural Sector2013Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 321.
    Andersson, Kjell
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
    Evaluation of a model based learning approach for engineering design2015In: INTERNATIONAL DESIGN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL CONFERENCES AND COMPUTERS AND INFORMATION IN ENGINEERING CONFERENCE, 2015, VOL 3, 2015, article id UNSP V003T04A013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Project-based education in combination with problem based learning has been very successful, and has contributed to the popularity of engineering design education among students at technical universities. The close connection to industrial problems by the use of industry-connected projects has boosted this popularity still further and to get an insight of future working environments after graduation is very inspiring for the students.

    The curriculum of the Machine Design capstone course at KTH Department of Machine Design covers the whole process from idea generation to manufacturing and testing a final prototype. A major part of the course consists of project work where students develop a product prototype in close cooperation with an industrial partner or with a research project at the department. This means that a major part of the course uses project-based learning as a teaching strategy. In addition, a model-based design methodology is introduced which enables the students to evaluate and "experience" many different behaviors of the product using digital models in a virtual environment. In this way, students can see that many undesirable concepts and flaws can be avoided even before a prototype is manufactured.

    This paper evaluates the use and learning outcome of model-based design in a capstone course in the Engineering Design MSc program at KTH Department of Machine Design. The approach has been used during a period of three years and the effect on the students' learning has been evaluated by a questionnaire after each course. I this paper we compare the results of these questionnaires and discuss implications and general conclusions about this learning approach.

  • 322.
    Andersson, Kristina
    Centrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet, Box 527, 751 20 Uppsala.
    Biologi under lupp: hierarkier, strategier och skevheter2018In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 53-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines conceptions about the biology discipline and its practices, which are explicitly and implicitly presented in biology environments at Swedish universities. The empirical material has been obtained through “shadowing” and interviewing biologists and is analyzed with inspiration from Gee’s discourse analysis. The overall biology discourse consists of a number of sub-discourses, which sometimes express tensions between each other. One of these is the discourse of superior research with competitive, high performance, heavily equipped environments – a discourse which is in opposition to teaching activities. Another sub-discourse concerns the successful strategic biologist, and this discourse is in tension with the discourse of the enthusiastic, devoted, nature-loving biologist. The meritocratic discourse characterized by competence, knowledge and talent supposedly without the influence of gender, ethnicity, or class, contrasts, in its turn, with the discourse of the gendered practice that is visible in the material. These different sub-discourses are more or less inclusive for different individuals, something which can be observed in the gendered practices.

  • 323.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning. Centrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Centrum för genusvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Beyond biology – what is forefronted when biologists are shadowed?2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Box 527, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Box 527, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Box 527, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Box 527, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hussénius, Anita
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Box 527, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Chafing borderlands: obstacles for science teaching and learning in preschool teacher education.2020In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 433-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines preservice preschool teachers’ university science education experience.The empirical data are from a research and intervention project conducted on teacher education programs at two Swedish universities. We analyzed one of the assignments completed by 111 students within a science course as well as their conversations about the assignment at a number of seminars. We combined culture contrast and thematic analysis to examine the data. The results showed a tension between the preschool culture and the university science culture. We described this tension between the boundary lines of the two cultures as a chafing borderland. These cultures do not merge, and the defined boundaries cause chafing with each other. We discuss ways of diminishing this chafing of borderlands, potential border crossings such as caring and children as boundary objects and equalizing power imbalances.

  • 325.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem.
    Hussénius, Anita
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University.
    Gullberg, Annica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem.
    Danielsson, Anna T
    Department of Education, Uppsala University.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Department of Chemistry, Uppsala University.
    Engström, Susanne
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem.
    Norström, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning, Learning in Stem.
    Lärarutbildares naturvetenskap under lupp – en studie i gränslandet mellan ämnesdiscipliner och skolämnen2019In: Resultatdialog 2019, Vetenskapsrådet / [ed] Vetenskapsrådet, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 326.
    Andersson, Lina
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Medborgarforskning: En miljöutbildning för allmänheten?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to study the behavioral changes in participants in the citizen science project

    "Växtkalendern". The purpose is also to study how the citizen science project "Växtkalendern" can influence the gap between awareness and action in terms of climate change issues, so-called action gap, among the participants. The study is conducted based on an abductive approach, where the empiric material influences the literature study and vice-versa. The relevant empirical was collected through a survey sent out to all the participants in the project "Växtkalendern". In addition, interviews and discussions with specialists in the field of citizen science research have been conducted.

    The results shows that the citizen science project

    "Växtkalendern" has potential to influence participants. The survey revealed that the participants felt that the opportunity to assist research was clearly the most important reason for participation. Using the theoretical standing points and the empirical material, the citizen science project ability to create behavioral changes in the participants in terms of climate change issues was analyzed. The study shows that the gap between awareness and action can be reduced with the help of citizen science as participants experienced increased awareness and a changing behavior through participation in the project "Växtkalendern".

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  • 327.
    Andersson, Linda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    A case study of forms of cooperation between public and private players in the Swedish public real estate sectorManuscript (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 328.
    Andersson, Linda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Public Private Partnerships in the Swedish public real estate sector 2006Manuscript (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Andersson, Linda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Public Private Partnerships (PPP): theoretical models and an analysis of Swedish contracts2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 330.
    Andersson, Linda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    The definition and context of Public Private Partnership (PPP) within the real estate and construction industryManuscript (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Klingberg, Sara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    How to make ambassadors turn their friends into ambassadors2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the internet's rampage, the possibilities for consumer-driven distribution of information are massive. One way to use this inter-consumer approach is to encourage existing customers, or ambassadors, to invite their friends and family to become a part of the brands success. But how can companies motivate existing customers to play a more important role in the brand expansion?

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore the motives and triggers for existing customers to invite friends, to become new customers. This by combining the empirical data collected from telephone interviews and web surveys, with theories on brand equity and inter-consumer marketing. To delimit the thesis, only motives connected to the marketing of premium products with a high customer involvement have been analyzed. For this purpose, Mackmyra Svensk Whisky AB was chosen. The empirical delimitation of this thesis is thus the customers of Mackmyra.

    The results showed that the motives that are perceived motivational differ from person to person. The incentives identified as more prevalent than others were access to unique products, priority to limited editions, possibility to experience the company from the inside, invitations to exclusive events, price reductions and points to exchange for merchandise.The identified incentives were segmented. After the segmentation, every company should carefully consider which segments to target, as those best suited for incentive programs differs from case to case.

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  • 332.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    "Platser att hänga på": En studie av barns upplevelser av platser i den urbana miljön i Eskilstuna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är en stor del av världens alla barn bosatta i städer, vilket medför att barns upplevelser av den urbana miljön har en inverkan på deras uppväxt och framtida liv. Eftersom barn utgör vårt samhälles framtid är det viktigt att framhäva och tillvarata deras upplevelser för att kunna förbättra staden ur ett barnvänligt ramverk. Utifrån detta är arbetets syfte att undersöka barns upplevelser av platser i den urbana miljön. För att uppnå syfte och besvara tillhörande frågeställningar avgränsas studien genom att undersöka hur barn i Eskilstuna upplever platser i staden. Data avseende barns upplevelser inhämtades genom att, vid två tillfällen, utföra gruppintervjuer med barn i årskurs 6 på en grundskola i Eskilstuna. För att möjliggöra analys av den empiriska undersökningen studerades även tidigare forskning och teorier som behandlar detta ämnesområde.

    Resultatet visar på att barn till största del vistas på offentliga platser, vilka utgör sociala mötespunkter och benämns "platser att hänga på". Barnens positiva upplevelser av platser associeras till lugna områden, fritidsintressen, aktiviteter och sociala processer med kompisar samt familj eller släkt. Platser som genererar negativa upplevelser hos barnen anknyts till obehagliga händelser och främmande sociala grupper.

    Med hjälp av tidigare forskning och teorier fastställs betydelsen av "platser att hänga på" eftersom dessa möjliggör barns identitetsskapande och självständighet. Det framgår även att direkta erfarenheter och sociala relationer kan förstärka barnens positiva uppfattningar samt reducera känslor av obehag. Slutligen konstateras att barns okunskap, vilken avser brist på direkta erfarenheter, ovetskap gällande främmande människor och mörker, producerar negativa upplevelser av platser.

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  • 333. Andersson, M.
    et al.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. Jönköping International Business School, Sweden .
    Månsson, K.
    Dynamics of entry and exit of product varieties: What evolution dynamics can account for the empirical regularities?2011In: Nonlinear Economic Dynamics, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, p. 155-174Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Firm-level heterogeneity is substantial even in narrowly defined industries. This chapter focuses on formulating evolution dynamics which can account for the observed heterogeneity and its maintenance. Based on examination of data on Swedish firms' supply pattern across different markets over time, we present a parsimonious model that has the ambition to capture the picture of heterogeneous firms, while accommodating the simultaneous exit and entry of destination varieties in firms' supply pattern. The model assumes both scale economies of firms and path-dependence, where the latter is manifested in such a way that the arrival rate of innovation ideas to an individual firm is a function of each firm's stock of varieties at every given point in time. The path-dependence phenomenon is an "explosive" non-linearity, whereas conservation mechanisms include development of demand and exit of established varieties. The described path dependence explains the skewed distribution of varieties across firms. Exit of obsolete varieties and growth of demand keep the "equilibrium" away from competitive exclusion where only few large firms remain. We make use of simulations to depict and assess the innovation dynamics of the proposed model.

  • 334.
    Andersson Magnfält, Ida
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Orrgren, Christoffer
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Barriärer för intern supply chain integration: En case studie inom FMCG industrin2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis was to investigate what barriers exist for internal supply chain integration within companies in the fast moving consumer goods industry and empirically contribute to the field of integrated supply chain. This was considered to be an interesting topic to investigate, since the fast moving consumer goods industry is characterized by volatile demand which requires a responsive supply chain.

    The theoretical frame of reference includes literature within the fields of integrated supply chain and lean enterprise. The area of integrated supply chain has previously primarily been focusing on the integration between actors in the external supply chain, i.e. between suppliers, manufacturers, and customers. Little research has seemed to be devoted to internal supply chain integration, i.e. the integration of functions within companies. The existing literature within the area of internal supply chain integration often comprehend issues related to collaboration, information sharing, communication and the challenge of counteracting objectives among functions. Furthermore, a philosophy aimed at coping with variation in demand as well as making internal processes more efficient is lean. The lean production theory has developed into lean enterprise theory aimed at expanding lean principles to cover the whole company.

     In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, a qualitative approach was chosen including a single case study at  Mondelëz Sweden. A single case study was chosen because the aim was to study a complex, social phenomenon within a specific context. The data has been collected through 23 interviews with unstructured as well as with semi-structured nature.

    Within the studied company six barriers for internal supply chain integration have been identified from the empirical findings. These barriers are related to: the understanding of the concept of integrated supply chain; existing silos; uncertainty regarding responsibilities; communication, information sharing; and the use of corporate values. The authors suggest that principles should be used to guide the internal supply chain integration. The principles are tied to the corporate values and should be used to monitor the methods used in the daily work in order to overcome the barriers and become more integrated. The proposed implications for companies in the fast moving consumer goods industry involve both long-term suggestions for internal integration as well as short-term implications enabling direct momentum.

  • 335.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Material Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    A possible way to use student peer review to improve report writing skills2012Conference paper (Other academic)
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    Abstract-MA-KTH-2012.pdf
  • 336.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Hur får vi studenter i grundläggande kurser att lägga ned det arbete som krävs?2020In: Bidrag från 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Lennart Pettersson och Karin Bolldén, 2020, p. 203-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag och mina kollegor upplever att många studenter idag inte går på föreläsningar eller deltar i annan undervisning på grundkurser. När de sedan efter kursens slut tillfrågas hur många timmar de har lagt ned på densamma, är det många som anger ett timantal som ligger under det som förväntas av dem enligt kursens poängtal. Samtidigt ser vi att tentamensresultaten försämras. Detta leder i sin tur till en låg genomströmning eller i allra värsta fall till att kurskraven sänks. Här visar jag ett illustrativa exempel på hur kursaktivitet korrelarar med tentamensresultat, redovisar vad jag har funnit i forskningslitteraturen om detta samt ställer frågan vad vi som lärare bör göra för att förbättra situationen.

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  • 337.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Networking change leader - a new role for a program director in engineering education2023In: Proceedings of the 19th International CDIO Conference / [ed] Reidar Lyng, Jens Bennedsen, Lamjed Bettaieb, Runde Bodsberg, Kristina Edström, Maria Sigridur Gudjonsdottir, Janne Roslöf, Ole K. Solbjörg, Geir Öein, Trondheim: NTNU SEED , 2023, p. 669-678Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls for changes in higher education are omnipresent and motivated by major challenges for society. Several of these challenges, for example those related to digitalization and sustainability, falls into the category of emerging and transformative challenges. The breadth and width of such challenges is too large to be handled by a single individual or even a small group of individuals. Instead, their solution requires an adaptive leadership with relevant activities at all organizational levels. From research literature and previous successful change processes, it is known that change leaders in the middle are key players during such transformations. In engineering education (and in fact in any other education aiming for a profession), it is natural that this role is taken by a program director who already has a responsibility for the quality and the development of an engineering program.  In this work, I will approach the role of a program director from a logical perspective using arguments based on a simple comparison between available time and total time required to create the desired change. It is obvious that large challenges demand a substantial amount of time to find an acceptable solution, which is outside of the reach for any single individual, I will also discuss the crucial role of persons in the middle for obtaining successful change related to large challenges. Finally, I will also try to give some answers to the question how a program director in the role as a person in the middle can survive in this pressing situation. I will point towards the needs for some competence in agile change management, the ability to create structures and collaborative efforts that promote agile actions, the need for making coherence and using inclusion strategies and the necessity of networking. I will also emphasize the importance that universities support internal and external networking structures.

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    CDIO2023-PA-work
  • 338.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Networking Change Leader: New Role for a Program Director in Engineering Education2023In: 19th CDIO International Conference, CDIO 2023 - Proceedings, Chalmers University of Technology , 2023, p. 669-678Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls for changes in higher education are omnipresent and motivated by major challenges for society. Several of these challenges, for example those related to digitalization and sustainability, falls into the category of emerging and transformative challenges. The breadth and width of such challenges is too large to be handled by a single individual or even a small group of individuals. Instead, their solution requires an adaptive leadership with relevant activities at all organizational levels. From research literature and previous successful change processes, it is known that change leaders in the middle are key players during such transformations. In engineering education (and in fact in any other education aiming for a profession), it is natural that this role is taken by a program director who already has a responsibility for the quality and the development of an engineering program. In this work, I will approach the role of a program director from a logical perspective using arguments based on a simple comparison between available time and total time required to create the desired change. It is obvious that large challenges demand a substantial amount of time to find an acceptable solution, which is outside of the reach for any single individual. I will also discuss the crucial role of persons in the middle for obtaining successful change related to large challenges. Based on my own case, I will try to give some advice about how a program director in the role as a person in the middle can handle this pressing situation. I will point towards the needs of personal time management, a basic understanding of agile change management, the ability to create structures and collaborative efforts that promote agile actions, the need for making coherence and using inclusion strategies and the necessity of networking. I will also emphasize the importance that universities support internal and external networking structures.

  • 339.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Non-proctored home exams - is there a solution?2022In: Bidrag från 8:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Helena Håkansson, Karlstad, 2022, p. 143-144Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Restrictions during the pandemic has forced teachers to replace traditional classroom exams with home exams, which are either proctored by digital tools or non-proctored. In this work, I describe the student response from using non-proctored digital home exams in two university courses in physics. In particular, the advantages and disadvantages of this approach will be discussed, since there are major concern about grading students based on non-proctored exams due to issues related to authenticity and cheating. Finally, I will reflect on the future use of non- proctored exams to evaluate knowledge in physics.

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  • 340.
    Andersson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
    Towards an engineering approach to quality in engineering education2015In: Proceedings of 5:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, 2015, p. 13-14Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Education quality is handled at many different levels in an education system, ranging all the way from external reviews of education programs at the top university level to the creation of effective learning conditions for students at the practitioners level. Each level has its own processes for quality assurance, and those processes are usually quite different. Here, I suggest one way of joining the different quality processes into a coherent model, which at the same time retain the main conceptual ideas of the already existing quality processes. The proposed model is presented as a flow diagram of an education system together with an idea about how to create both a trouble- shooting and a quality enhancement scheme based on this model. The model is inspired by the way engineers look at quality assurance in engineering systems and it can, hence, be particularly interesting for engineering educations. 

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    QualityEngineeringEducation
  • 341.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Delin, Anna
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    A quality process for assessing mathematics in a study programme2018In: Proceedings från 6:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Lena Petersson, Kristina Edström, Oskar Gedda, Fredrik Georgsson, Liselott Lycke och Marie Arehag, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present two methodologies to assess the use of mathematics in a study programme. Firstly, we use a relatively simple methodology to assess how students show their ability to use mathematics in their degree project reports. Secondly, we present a methodology to assess how mathematics is used during a study programme. We have applied the first methodology on the mathematics content in 114 randomly chosen bachelor degree reports from 6 different study programmes within the fields of electrical engineering and computer engineering at KTH. For the 3-year bachelor degree programmes in computer engineering, we find clear deficits in the way students use mathematics in their bachelor degree reports as compared to the other programmes in our study. Through the second methodology, we were able to relate the deficits in the bachelor degree reports to a programme structure where skills in mathematics have not been sufficiently demanded in the engineering courses of the programme. 

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  • 342.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Karlander, Johan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Computer Science, Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    Sandberg, Mattias
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Numerical Analysis, NA.
    Tibert, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Engineering Mechanics, Vehicle Engineering and Solid Mechanics.
    Admission to master programmes: What are the indicators for successful study performance?2023In: Bidrag från den 9:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Joel Midemalm, Amir Vadiee, Elisabeth Uhlemann, Fredrik Georgsson, Gunilla Carlsson-Kvarnlöf, Jonas Månsson, Kristina Edström, Lennart Pettersson och Pedher Johansson, Västerås: Mälardalens universitet, 2023, p. 9-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Admission of applicants to higher education in a fair, reliable, transparent, and efficient way is a real challenge, especially if there are more eligible applicants than available places and if there are applicants from many different educational systems. Previous research on best practices for admission to master’s programmes identified the key question about an applicant’s potential for success in studies, but was not able to provide an answer about how to rate the merits of the applicants. In this study, indicators for study success are analysed by comparing the study performance of 228 students in master’s programmes with their merits at the time of admission. The null hypothesis was that the applicant’s average grade at the time of admission is the only indictor for study success. After testing for potential bias using almost 20 possible other indicators, the null hypothesis had to be rejected for four indicators (in order of importance): (i) university ranking, (ii) length of bachelor’s studies within subject, (iii) English language test and (iv) subject matching between bachelor’s and master’s education. Evaluation of quality of prior education is tricky and results from this study clearly indicate that students from higher ranked universities possess better knowledge and stronger skills for our master’s programmes. Work is ongoing to improve the merit rating model by involving more master’s programmes at KTH and analysing performance data from a larger number of students.

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    Master-admission
  • 343.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics.
    Weurlander, Maria
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Learning.
    Peer review of laboratory reports for engineering students2018In: European Journal of Engineering Education, ISSN 0304-3797, E-ISSN 1469-5898, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here, we present a module to introduce student peer review of laboratoryreports to engineering students. Our findings show that students werepositive and felt that they had learnt quite a lot from this experience.The most important part of the module was the classification scheme.The scheme was constructed to mimic the way an expert would arguewhen making a fair judgement of a laboratory report. Hence, our resultsmay suggest that the success of the module design comes from activelyengaging students in work that is more related to ‘arguing like anexpert’ than to only supply feedback to peers, which in such a casewould implicate a somewhat new direction for feedback research. Forpractitioners, our study suggests that important issues to consider in thedesign are (i) a clear and understandable evaluation framework, (ii)anonymity in the peer-review process and (iii) a small external motivation.

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    fulltext
  • 344.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Femzén, Jimmie
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Global Learning at Ericsson: how to improve knowledge management and competence build-up2007Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is organized in three different parts. In the first part Ericsson’s methods fordeveloping and deploying the existing knowledge are analyzed. In the second part we analyzethe competence build-up for consultants within a technical domain that is constantly evolving.The third part is an evaluation, on an overview level, of a new organizational concept thatEricsson launched. The concept is a way to globally manage knowledge and competencewithin different technical domains. The concept is called Global Competence Center.The method applied was interviews, as a first step to learn about the subject and also forourselves to get to know the organization in which we conducted our research. Interviewswere also used in order to answer our research questions. The employees gave their view onwhat makes learning more efficient. Examples are hands-on, reality based and problemoriented tasks. This was combined with studies of literature and our own experiences oflearning.Our study shows that a combination of different methods for developing and deployingknowledge and building competence seems to be most suitable. This is based on theinterviewees’ experiences and the principles of a theory about adult learning called andragogy.From the interviews, we also received suggestions about work improvements for theconsultants’ work roles. A competence program was developed for the building ofcompetence amongst consultants. The program uses case studies and mentorship as two of themethods, which both apply to the theory of andragogy.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 345.
    Andersson, Martin
    KTH. JIBS, Sweden.
    Cities, agglomeration, and spatial equilibrium2009In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 88, no 3, p. 693-694Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Andersson, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics.
    Co-location of Manufacturing and Producer Services: A simultaneous equations approach2006In: Entrepreneurship and Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, Routledge , 2006, p. 94-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Andersson, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics.
    Industrial Agglomeration and New Technologies: a global perspective – Edited by Masatsugu Tsuji, Emanuele Giovannetti and Mitsuhiro Kagami2008In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 147-149Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    R & D strategies and entrepreneurial spawning2012In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 54-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. When examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies, three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments and a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firms with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (KIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same sector, indicating the importance of inherited knowledge. These findings suggest that R&D intensive firms are less likely to generate employee start-ups, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 349.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University and Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Creative Destruction and Productivity: Entrepreneurship by Type, Sector and Sequence2012In: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 125-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Schumpeter claimed the entrepreneur to be instrumental for creative destruction and industrial dynamics. Entrepreneurial entry serves to transform and revitalize industries, thereby enhancing their competitiveness. The purpose of this paper is to investigate if entry of new firms influences productivity amongst incumbent firms, and the extent to which altered productivity can be attributed sector and time specific effects.

    Design/methodology/approach – Implementing a unique dataset the paper estimates a firm-level production function in which the productivity of incumbent firms is modeled as a function of firm attributes and regional entrepreneurship activity.

    Findings – The analysis finds support for positive productivity effects of entrepreneurship on incumbent firms, albeit the effect varies over time, what the authors refer to as a “delayed entry effect”. An immediate negative influence on productivity is followed by a positive effect several years after the initial entry. Moreover, the productivity of incumbent firms in services sectors appears to be more responsive to regional entrepreneurship, as compared to the productivity of manufacturing firms.

    Originality/value – The paper employs a firm-level production function approach allowing for time lags of the effect of entrepreneurship. The unique data implemented allow the authors to identify genuinely new ventures as compared to those associated with reorganizations of existing businesses, thereby overcoming much of data deficiencies in previous studies. In addition, data are distributed on Swedish functional labor market regions.

  • 350.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Grasjo, Urban
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Spatial dependence and the representation of space in empirical models2009In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 159-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A well-formed spatial model should most likely not produce spatial autocorrelation at all. From this perspective spatial autocorrelation is not (pure) statistical nuisance but a sign of that a model lacks a representation of an important economic phenomenon. In a Knowledge Production Function (KPF) context, this paper shows that a representation of space reflecting the potential of physical interaction between localities by means of accessibility variables on the "right-hand-side"aEuro"a simple alternative to spatial lag and spatial error which can be estimated by OLS-captures substantive spatial dependence. Results are verified with Monte Carlo simulations based on Anselin's (Int Reg Sci Rev 26(2):153-166, 2003) taxonomy of modelled and unmodelled effects. The analysis demonstrates that an accessibility representation of explanatory variables depict the network nature of spatial interaction, such that spatial dependence is actually modelled.

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