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  • 301.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Residents’ Environmentally Friendly Attitudes and Practices: Motivation and Barriers in Different Types of Tenure2005In: Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, ISSN 1454-8062, Vol. 6, no 3-4, p. 136-146Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 302.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social Capital in Housing Management: The Concept as a Tool for Analysing Problems and Formulating Goals for Action2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no formal social housing sector in Sweden, but municipally owned housing companies have aresponsibility to take on all kinds of tenants. That means that they are often in charge of housing areaswhere many low-income households live, with ensuing social problems. This paper is based upon a studyof management practices in such housing companies. ‘Social Capital’, a concept widely used in thediscussion on how to fight crime and deterioration in socially burdened housing areas, is employed in thetheoretical framework. Here the concept is used as well as describing local social networks as, in particular,‘bridging’ towards the surrounding society.The applied method is case study of the attempts of three housing companies to remedy problems such ashigh crime rate, bad reputation and low demand for housing units in certain areas.The results of the case studies showed that the companies’ different ways of addressing complex problemsinherent in the housing areas were not based upon any definition on how means were related to goals.They were more or less examples of trial and error. Only one of the companies did discuss intentionallyhow they should better the reputation of a certain housing area, by doing a selective physical upgrading ofcommunal spaces and the out-door environment. They were concerned to engage the residents in theprocess.The analysis employed a ‘what if’ - approach regarding the use of ‘Social Capital’ as a tool for thecompanies when analysing and addressing their problems. The discussion concludes in a review of theconcept ‘Social capital’ and some suggestions on how to make it operational in the practice of housingmanagement.

  • 303.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Liveability of the City: A study of living with children in different urban designs2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of what quality of life the city is offering families with children. A substantial part of the Swedish population, of fertile age groups, lives in cities, where a dwelling could be very expensive. Families' residential conditions are supposed to strongly affect their quality of life, and, in the end, the rate of fertility. A sample of blocks of different of urban design in Stockholm will be studied, regarding what qualities the design of dwellings and urban areas can offer in the daily life of households with children. The study will be carried out partly by a survey, to gather background data to be analysed by statistical methods, partly by qualitative methods such as interviews, mind-maps and self-administered photo documentation of the neighbourhood. The project has a gender perspective as the internal decision processes of households, and thereby gender differences in how the near environment is valued, are objects of study. The results will be an overview of the actual dwelling situation of families with children on a tough housing market, as well as a series of examples of more or less suitable environments for their daily life. Based on these results, the complicated relationships between people's experiences, actions and the design of the built environment will be discussed. Conclusions will facilitate the evaluation of outcomes of different planning measures, for example regarding making problem areas more attractive.

  • 304.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban Density: measuring spatial dispersion of activities and affordances2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a consensus among planners and politicians that dense cities are better for the environment than sprawling urban landscapes. The aim of the project is to analyse how urban density affects people’s actions and choices of residential location.

    The study employs theories and concepts from planning research and environmental psychology. Urban density is a key concept. Range and variety of urban functions are then important additions to measurement of physical densities. Another key concept is ‘affordance‘. ’Affordance’ is a quality or asset within a specific environment, which can be perceived and used by an individual for carrying out a certain activity.

    The main method is a survey covering a stratified randomised sample of 4500 individuals in stratified within the Stockholm area. The stratified study areas were selected on criteria of physical density, mix of functions and accessibility within the region. The survey covers important ‘affordances’ inherent in the physical environment of the household, such as place of work, shops, schools and social networks. The data are analysed with statistical methods.

    The paper concentrates on perceived affordances regarding workplaces. Preliminary results show that respondents’ perceived number of alternative workplaces within 1 kilometre from home has a positive correlation to both physical density and mix of urban functions. Any further away from home than 1 km, increasing perceived affordances had a stronger correlation to accessibility.

    Preliminary conclusions are that physical density as such seems to increase the amount of perceived affordances only within a very close environment of the home. The range of affordances widens considerably with increasing accessibility. Probably accessibility outweighs physical density as a factor for influencing people’s choices of residential location.

  • 305.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Klingborg, Kerstin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    En studie av ombildningsprocessen från hyresrätt till bostadsrätt 2007-20102011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 306.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Klingborg, Kerstin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Studying Social Capital in Housing Neighborhoods: Does Tenure Matter?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 307.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Klingborg, Kerstin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Studying Social Capital in Housing Neighborhoods: Does Tenure Matter?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 308.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. University of Ljubljana, Slovenia .
    Adam, Frane
    Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation - the process of obtaining, understanding, applying, transforming, managing and transferring knowledge - is a result of human collaboration, but it has become an increasingly complex process, with a growing number of interacting parties involved. Lack of innovation is not necessarily caused by lack of technology or lack of will to innovate, but often by social and cultural forces that jeopardize the cognitive processes and prevent potential innovation. This book focuses on the rule of social capital in the process of innovation: the social networks and the norms; values and attitudes (such as trust) of the actors; social capital as both bonding and bridging links between actors; and social capital as a feature at all spatial levels, from the single inventor to the transnational corporation. Contributors from a wide variety of countries and disciplines explore the cultural framework of innovation through empirics, case studies and examination of conceptual and methodological dilemmas.

  • 309.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Contextualizing Accessibility: Interaction for Blind Computer Users2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Computer usage today is predominantly based on graphical interaction, where the visual presentation of information is essential both for input (hand-eye coordination when using a computer mouse), and output (seeing the information on a computer screen). This can create difficulties for blind computer users, both at an individual level when interacting with a computer, and also when collaborating with other computer users.

    The work presented in this thesis has investigated interaction for blind computer users in three stages. First investigating access to information by making studies on an interactive audio-only game, drawing conclusions about auditory direct manipulation and auditory interface design. Second studying collaboration between blind and sighted computer users in two different contexts, leading to questioning of commonly expressed design principles regarding access to collaboration. Finally studying accessibility in a working environment, finding out how technology, the assistive device used by the blind person, communication with others and professional knowledge interplayed to create an accessible work environment.

    Based on these empirical studies, the main conclusion from this work is a proposal of a research perspective, Assistive interfaces as cooperative interfaces. Here, the context where the interface is going to be used is in focus, and cooperative and social dimensions of interaction are acknowledged and highlighted. The design and analysis of assistive devices should be highly sensitive to the socio-interactional environment, and not just focusing on the single individual using an assistive device.

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  • 310.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Supporting Cross-Modal Collaboration: Adding a Social Dimension to Accessibility2006In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 4129, p. 102-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of cross-modal collaboration, where blind and sighted persons collaboratively solve two different tasks using a prototype that has one auditory and one graphical interface. The results shows the importance of context and the design of tasks for the accessibility of cross-modal collaborative settings, as well as the importance of supporting the participation in a working division of labour.

  • 311.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Bowers, John
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Assembling the Senses: Towards the Design of Cooperative Interfaces for Visually Impaired Users2004In: Proceedings of the 2004 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work (CSCW 2004), 2004, p. 332-341Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The needs of blind and visually impaired users are seriously under-investigated in CSCW. We review work on assistive interfaces especially concerning how collaboration between sighted and blind users across different modalities might be supported. To examine commonly expressed design principles, we present a study where blind and sighted persons play a game to which the former has an auditory interface, the latter a visual one. Interaction analyses are presented highlighting features of interface design, talk and gesture which are important to the participants’ abilities to collaborate. Informed by these analyses, we reconsider design principles for cooperative interfaces for the blind.

  • 312.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Hellström, Sten-Olof
    Department of Music, City University, London.
    Qualitative Aspects of Auditory Direct Manipulation: A Case Study of the Towers of Hanoi2001In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD 2001), 2001, p. 16-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results from a qualitative case study of an auditory version of the game Towers of Hanoi. The goal of this study was to explore qualitative aspects of auditory direct manipulation and the subjective experience from playing the game. The results show that it is important to provide a way of focusing in the auditory space. Articulatory directness was also an important issue and feedback should support the movement of the objects in the auditory space.

  • 313.
    Winberg, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    Hellström, Sten-Olof
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Center for Useroriented IT Design, CID.
    The quest for auditory direct manipulation: the sonified Towers of Hanoi2000In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2000) / [ed] P. Sharkey, A. Cesarani, L. Pugnetti, & A. Rizzo, 2000, p. 75-81Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of an auditory version of the game Towers of Hanoi. The goal of this study was to investigate the nature of continuos presentation and what this could mean when implementing auditory direct manipulation. We also wanted to find out if it was possible to make an auditory interface that met the requirements of a direct manipulation interface. The results showed that it was indeed possible to implement auditory direct manipulation, but using Towers of Hanoi as the underlying model restricted the possibilities of scaling the auditory space. The results also showed that having a limited set of objects, the nature of continuos presentation was not as important as how to interact with the auditory space.

  • 314.
    WU, Xiangyang
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mobile Technology as Interface to Public Space2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main idea is to make a short film about mobile technologies and the changing relationships between us and the public space under the age of these technologies. Some people might blame those mobile technologies like smart phones for separating us from each other. In my view, however, we cannot ask those technologies to take all the responsibilities, because new technologies will not be put into the market unless the society needs them. These technologies do change our perceptions on the public space in some ways, but there must be some deeper reasons behind. Based on the analogy of mobile technologies to "interfaces" to the environment like our skins, bodies and clothes, we are able to rethink the role of these technologies and our relationships with them and the public space. In big cities full of stimulations and strangers, we are always looking for different types of "filters" to help us control our experiences in order not to be too overwhelmed by the endless information. Living without these "filters" is like being naked in the wild field, which means we cannot control what we see, what we hear and what we touch. In the film, there are two story lines in parallel: one is about the overwhelming stimulations and anonymous individuals using mobiles technologies in public spaces; the other is about one person walking in the wood, stripping down clothes until being naked. By asking the question in the beginning and the end "what does it mean to be naked", I wish eachaudience could rethink the interrelationships between us, mobile technologies and public spaces.

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  • 315.
    Xiong, Ailun
    et al.
    Chongqing Technol & Business Univ, Chongqing, Peoples R China.
    Li, Hongyi
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Determinants of Social Networks in Rural China: Does Transportation Have a Role to Play?2019In: Social Science Quarterly, ISSN 0038-4941, E-ISSN 1540-6237, Vol. 100, no 5, p. 1709-1725Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: In recent years, the origins and sources of social networks and social capital have been extensively studied. Previous studies have primarily focused on social demographic factors. To enrich our understanding of the determinants of social networks, this article explores the role of mobility in rural China. Methods: Drawing upon a data set from the Chinese General Social Survey, this article first uses clustered effect logit models and then adopts a propensity score matching (PSM) model for a robustness check. Results: The results demonstrate that citizens who have access to more advanced transportation modes and spend less time on traveling are more likely to establish weak ties, especially with nonagricultural citizens in prestigious job positions. The results also indicate that strong family ties are not the consequence of mobility. By disaggregating the full sample, this article further reveals that the young, rich, and female citizens reap more benefit from mobility. Conclusions: Given the great importance of automobiles for strengthening social networks, this article suggests that car sharing/pooling/lifting programs might be a viable solution to social network deficits in rural areas.

  • 316. Zerva, K.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. A. Mickiewicz University, Poland.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Tourism and voyeurism in Heterotopia’s: The role of perception and information in the behaviour of visitors to Amsterdam2016In: Impact Assessment in Tourism Economics, Springer, 2016, p. 247-273Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourists are not only regular visitors of important distinct places of interest. In making their decisions what or where to visit, they are also influenced by the (expected or realized) observed behaviour of others. A particularly interesting case of such social externalities is formed by so-called ‘voyeurism’, the phenomenon that visitors are visibly interested in-and attracted by-the preservice and spatial motives and behaviours of other visitors. Essentially, voyeurists derive their visitor utility from the observable behaviour of others, e.g. by watching them or speculating on their motives when they pass by. The present paper offers a novel empirical approach to these issues; it focuses on tourist voyeurism in the Red Light District of Amsterdam, with an emphasis on two well-known characteristic phenomena in this area, viz. prostitution and soft drugs. On the basis of existing literature that has demonstrated the importance of tours as an educative tool for tourists, we analyse if and how the perceptions of visitors have changed, through a panel study of 29 foreign students, and identify changes in their perceptions, after they have been exposed to real-world and site-specific factual information on this area, inter alia through a professionally guided field tour. Tools used in the present paper to analyse the voyeurism phenomenon-based on a before and after experiment-are multivariate analysis and regression techniques, while as a start a content cloud analysis is employed as an introductory exploratory tool. It turns out that information provision by a tour may change the site perceptions of voyeurists, but less so their value systems on the objects or people observed.

  • 317.
    Çıdık, Mustafa Selçuk
    et al.
    The Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB, UK, 1-19 Torrington Place.
    Garfias Royo, Margarita
    Engineering for International Development Centre, The Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction, University College London, UK.
    Mulligan, Joe
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    K'oyoo, Allan Ouko
    dKounkuey Design Initiative (KDI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Parikh, Priti
    bEngineering for International Development Centre, The Bartlett School of Sustainable Construction, University College London, UK.
    Political ecology perspective for a new way of understanding stakeholders and value in infrastructure projects2024In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 102565-, article id 102565Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The long-term goals and objectives that infrastructure projects aim to deliver are contextualised by complex grand challenges, which involve an entanglement of economic, social, and ecological issues. However, there have been criticisms that infrastructure projects fall short of delivering equitable value to effectively address grand challenges. These criticisms underpinned the recent calls for rethinking the purpose and definition of infrastructure projects. This essay argues that adopting a political ecology perspective can be useful to start identifying the limitations of the current understandings of external stakeholders and value in infrastructure projects, which lead to the criticised shortcomings. Political ecology considers social, ecological, and economic issues as an assemblage that manifests through power relations. Thus, for project studies, it implies a reconceptualization of external stakeholders and project value around the notions of agency, vulnerability, and empowerment. This reconceptualization provides new theoretical and practical directions for project formation, stakeholder management and project leadership in the pursuit of rethinking the purpose and definition of infrastructure projects for effectively tackling the grand challenges of our times.

  • 318. Östlund, Britt
    Vidgar IT gapet mellan generationer?1999In: IT i demokratins tjänst] / [ed] Amnå Erik, Stockholm: SOU 1999: 117 , 1999Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 319.
    Östlund, Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Frennert, Susanne
    How have user representations been sustained and recreated in the design of technologies between 1960 and 2018?2020In: Socio-Gerontechnology – Interdisciplinary critical studies of age and technology. / [ed] Peine Alexander, Marshall Barbara, Neven, L, Routledge, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Östlund, Britt
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Håkansson, Ulla
    Design och Diakoni2007In: Svensk Kyrkotidning, Vol. 103, no 34-35, p. 415-417Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
4567 301 - 320 of 320
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