Change search
Refine search result
456789 301 - 350 of 410
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 301.
    OLBY, PER
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    EKSTRÖM, STEFAN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    En modell för implementering av räddningstjänsten i en urban plattform: En fallstudie på Mälardalens Brand- och Räddningsförbund i utvecklingen mot en smart stad2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study covers the implementation of fire departments in an urban platform in two parts. The purpose of first part is to examine how the urban platform can help developing the operation of fire departments and how this can contribute to a smart city. This is studied through interviews with different fire departments in the region of Mälardalen, Sweden, and an authority responsible for improving the society’s capabilities of managing emergencies. A number of areas within the fire departments, which an urban platform would improve, have been identified. Literature regarding smart cities have been combined with the empirical findings to discuss how the implementation of fire departments in an urban platform can contribute to a smart city.

    The purpose of the second part is to provide an example of how a fire department can be divided and modeled for an implementation in a potential urban platform. More precisely, the fire department Mälardalens brand- och räddningsförbund is investigated and modeled for an implementation in ABB’s control system 800xA. The result is three different structures that serve as the foundation for the model and a future implementation in an urban platform. In this part, it is also concluded that a necessary step to ensure an effective model is to relate the modelling to the greater context of a city.

  • 302.
    Oldenburg, Johnny
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Performance measurement for evaluatingpractices and tools in product development: An exploratory study in theSwedish manufacturing industry2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the lack of studies regarding performance measurement for practices and

    tools in product development. The aim of this thesis is to empirically study product

    development units in large Swedish manufacturing companies in order to build understanding

    of how organizations know the performance of their practices and tools. A secondary

    objective is to add on to the empirical base within the field and to provide insights on how to

    develop performance measurements for practices and tools to meet industry needs as well as

    to provide managers with insights to improve their activities. The empirical setting in this

    thesis is represented by 17 product development units at large manufacturing companies with

    product development activities in Sweden. The data was gathered through semi-structured

    telephone interviews with two respondents – one method/process responsible manager and

    one product development manager at senior middle level - from each company.

    The results indicate that it is common that organizations do not measure the performance of

    used practices and tools. Four reasons for this could be distinguished from the interviews: 1)

    organizations are struggling with setting up performance measurement systems for practices

    and tools; 2) different practices and tools have distinct suitability and need to be measured; 3)

    measuring practices and tools’ performance is by many respondents not considered a gamechanging

    or fundamental activity worth the required resources; 4) many respondents consider

    it to be sufficient to only measure practices and tools’ performance under their

    implementation. Another contribution the thesis makes is a set of similarities regarding the

    respondents’ ways of measuring. This thesis also to some extent systemizes the contributions

    in literature for this field of study, which is something that scholars can use to build future

    research on, and as a final result the study arrives at two recommended future research paths

    that could benefit managers. In all, the results in this paper represent important empirical

    evidence of how product development is managed and controlled in product development

    units at large Swedish manufacturing companies.

  • 303.
    OLDMARK, CAROLINE
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    ARONSSON, CATRIN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    A conceptual model demonstrating competence differences of internal and external project managers An interview study at AstraZeneca: An interview study at AstraZeneca2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Projects have become a significant working tool for organisations and, in order for companies to stay competitive, projects have to be successful. Numerous researchers have tried to identify specific factors for project success. Many of these have been claimed to be dependent on the project manager and his/her specific characteristics and competences.

    In contrast to many of these studies, there is little or no research on the potential differences between internal and external project managers. This thesis presents a conceptual model, demonstrating potential competence differences of internal and external project managers. The competences evaluated were: managerial competence, relationship management, communication, teamwork management, stakeholder management, credibility, conceptual  and technical competence. Moreover, this thesis presents the types of projects an internal or an external project manager could be more suitable for.

    The findings of this research pose a number of important questions for future research. Most importantly, perhaps, the conceptual model includes propositions that have to be verified in order to give relevant guidelines of when to choose an internal or an external project  manager for a project.

    The study was conducted as an explorative, qualitative interview study at AstraZeneca, Sweden.

  • 304.
    Olhager, Jan
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Distribution of manufacturing strategy decision-making in multi-plant networks2018In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 56, no 1-2, p. 692-708Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is concerned with the manufacturing strategy decision-making structure in multi-plant networks, i.e. how strategic manufacturing decision-making authority is distributed between the network level (i.e. headquarters) and the plant level. We use survey data from 107 manufacturing plants. This research identifies three different structures: centralised at the network headquarter, decentralised to the plant and integrated between central headquarters and the plant. All decision areas follow the same pattern, i.e. full centralisation, full decentralisation or full integration. We do not find any support for that some decisions are centralised while others are decentralised. Product volume and process type are significantly associated with the choice of decision-making structure. In particular, high product volumes are associated with a centralised approach, and a low degree of process flow orientation (such as project manufacturing, job shop and flow shop) is associated with a decentralised approach. The integrated approach is associated with a combination of lower product volumes and higher degrees of flow orientation. Choosing the right decision-making structure for the product and process mix seems to lead to high levels of operational performance.

  • 305.
    Olsson, Annika
    et al.
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Biome, Mikael
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Kaulio, Matti A.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Guve, Berthil
    KTH.
    Bergendahl, Margareta Norell
    KTH.
    Odenrick, Per
    Lund Univ, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Organizational Factors Affecting Product Innovation Capability: Findings from the Med-Tech Industry2009In: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 1: DESIGN PROCESSES / [ed] Bergendahl, MN Grimheden, M Leifer, L Skogstad, P Clarkson, J, DESIGN SOC , 2009, p. 157-+Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in innovation has resulted in much applicable knowledge in terms of tools, methods and processes. However, the challenge of allowing "space", time and competence for innovation capability development is sparsely reported. The purpose of this research is to identify how organizational and behavioral factors affect product innovation capability and its development in organizations. The research sets out to explore and elaborate on the research question: How can product innovation capability among organizations and individuals be improved by identifying and changing organizational factors? The individual and organizational factors need to be considered in relation to the product innovation. Theories of innovation capability, innovation and learning, innovation and creative climate are all used as a basis for this research. Interviews and a creative climate questionnaire have been used in five med-tech companies for empirical input. The qualitative result elicits six factors that influence the innovation capability and its development in organizations; brings out the two most important factors from the survey and elaborates a cross analyses from the qualitative and quantitative input.

  • 306.
    OSBAKK, ALEXANDER
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    VAKSDAL, HARALD
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    New Product Development: A Stage-Gate model in a B2B setting for product development with a low level of technological innovation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To increase revenues and continue to stay competitive companies develop new products. Newproduct development is a widely researched field and the focus of the research is often on highly innovative products. The original problem for this thesis was to perform research for the development of a product with a low level of technological innovation. The high focus on innovation in previous research combined with the lack of product development processes in the case company led to a new more extensive scope of this thesis than the original problem. This thesis presents a model for development of products with low level of innovation that has been developed and tested.The model was developed by reviewing previous literature on new product development in general and Stage-Gate models for product development in particular. Literature about criteria and best practices in product development was also studied. The literature review was combined with findings from early interviews and resulted in a development model for low innovative products. The model is divided in two parts, the first focused on analysis of the product suggestion and the second focused on developing the actual product. Compared to previous models, the scope of the stages and gates has been more focused and clear.The first part of the model was tested by applying it to the initial case. The test showed that the model is suitable for a product of that type and that the general criteria proposed was reasonable. For the specific case, the model showed that the product was a strategic fit for the company and that it is technically feasible. The financial calculations showed that the product might not financially attractive enough.Some of the main conclusions of the research are regarding differences depending on how innovative the product is. The starting point differs significantly, with an idea for innovative products and a specific suggestion in the setting of this research. The financial focus also differs. Overall it could be concluded that development with a Stage-Gate approach is suitable for products with low level of technological innovation with some changes from previous literature.

  • 307.
    Palm, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Applied Mechanical Engineering (KTH Södertälje).
    Kaulio, Matti
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Work Science (closed 20130101).
    Ekman, Marianne
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Work Science (closed 20130101). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Forsberg, Britta
    Emerging Clean-tech Firms: What is the Right Mix of Support Activities?2011Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Palm, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Lindahl, M.
    A project as a workplace Observations from project managers in four R&D and project-intensive companies.2015In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 828-838Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Projects and project management work present what would seem to be a paradox. Although business and industrial companies regard projects as strategic vehicles for innovation and growth, it is doubtful whether project managers are seen as a similarly strategic asset, due to their working environment. This article, which is based on interviews conducted at four major Scandinavian companies, describes several empirical cases of a project as a workplace. In line with previous research we observe a challenging and in many cases exposed situation for many project managers. Our main finding is that a considerable part of what makes up a non-sustainable project work environment stems from the imbalance of power that exists between permanent and temporary organisational forms. The article concludes that a process of "deprojectification" of project employees, i.e. making the distinction between line and project work less distinct in organisations may actually lead to more sustainable project work.

  • 309.
    Palm, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ullström, S.
    Sandahl, C.
    Bergman, D.
    Employee perceptions of managers’ leadership over time2015In: Leadership in Health Services, ISSN 1751-1879, E-ISSN 1751-1887, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 266-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore if and how employees in a healthcare organisation perceive changes in their managers’ leadership behaviour over time. Design/methodology/approach – An interview study was conducted with employees whose managers had participated in a two-year leadership development programme offered by their employer, Healthcare Provision Stockholm County. Qualitative content analysis was applied, and the interview discussions focused on areas in which the majority of the informants perceived that a change had occurred over time and their answers were relatively consistent. Findings – The majority of employees did discern changes in their managers’ leadership over time, and, with very few exceptions, these changes were described as improvements. Practical implications – The knowledge that employees perceived changes in their managers’ leadership supports investments in leadership development through courses, programmes or other initiatives. Originality/value – The present findings contribute to a deeper empirical understanding of leadership as it is practised over time in everyday contexts among employees in healthcare organisations.

  • 310.
    Panja, Manjusha
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Sustainability Integration in the Fashion Retail Industry2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability has gained prominence from past couple of decades, the fashion industry is most polluting industries in the global. This research is to explain the importance of sustainability integration in the fashion industry. The research methodology applied is first, it provides literature review examining books and articles pertaining to environmental and social responsibility in fashion industry from past decade. Secondly, the case study on H&M Group and interviewing end consumers of fashion. The results to demonstrate the importance of sustainability in the fashion industry and how fashion retailers play a key role and responsibility for enabling sustainability in the whole supply chain.

  • 311.
    PERS, KARIN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    How to Improve Order Based Production with Planning2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational growth and changes effect the complexity of the organizational structure. This leads to an increased need to integrate coordination, communication and control. When having an order based production the level of complexity increases even more and one way to meet these changes are through improved planning. The purpose of this study is to formulate a model for how to approach a complex delivery process, when having an order based production, with the help of planning. This study has been carried out as a single case study at a large telecom operator, Tele2, with both qualitative and quantitative data collecting methods. The research approach has been that planning consists and is dependent on the right coordination, communication and control.

    The result indicates that Tele2´s delivery processes characterized by the job shop structure and that their orders correspond to MTO and ETO order categories. Key factors, which influence the delivery planning, have been identified and improvement suggestions have been found in relation to the key factors.

    The study’s conclusions have both theoretical and organizational implications. From the theoretical aspects, it has been found that coordination has a greater value for the planning process than originally identified in literature. Communication also relies on standardized communication channels and information. The study also implies that Tele2 should map available capacities and define the delivery processes at a lower level to be able to implement the proposed methods. There have also been identified a need for standardization of communication channels and additional process KPI´s.

  • 312.
    PERSSON, EMMA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Lean Visualization – possibilities with the use of data visualization in leanmanufacturing.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Data visualization is a growing trend whose main advantage is that it can be used to present data in a suitable way which is easy for the user to understand. This is especially appropriate for presentation of large amounts of data. Lean manufacturing constantly need new innovations, such as tools and methods for improvement and elimination of waste. Therefore it is of interest to study how data visualization can be applied in manufacturing. The purpose of this study was to investigate how visualization is used today within manufacturing compared with the theoretical possibilities. This was done by observing and interviewing two big manufacturing companies working with lean. The result showed many theoretical possibilities that are not perceived in the manufacturing companies. Data visualization is used in a small extent within lean manufacturing. Moreover did the result showed that visualization can be interpreted differently which affects the use. The conclusion is therefore that there is a gap between the theory and use cause of the broad term and absence of knowledge about visualization

  • 313.
    Persson Håstlund, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Widenfors, Emelie
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Sustainable Performance Measurements of Logistics in Dispersed Supply Chains2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pressure on companies to show evidence of compliance with sustainable requirements is increasing. Performance measurement systems (PMSs) assist managers in making such choices that optimize sustainability within supply chain operations. At the same time, companies’ supply base is growing globally and incurring an increase in one of the most visible parts of a supply chain's environmental impact - transportation. The difficulty lies in obtaining standardized data of sustainable impact by transportation. Thereby, ability to show compliance by measuring and evaluating the sustainable performance of transportation is problematic.

    This report thus addresses the issue of data availability and quality and its impact on ability to measure and evaluate performance in transportation. Further, the objective is to investigate what critical aspects to consider in order to manage environmental performance in a measurement system of logistics. A case study at Company X, a globally dispersed company within the manufacturing industry has been conducted in order to bring clarity to the questions posed. A framework of founding steps in the development of a PMS with the inclusion of environmental sustainable aspects has been developed from previous research to assess the findings against.

    The analysis carried out show evidence of availability and quality of data heavily hindering development of Sustainable Performance Measurement Systems (SPMS) by inclusion of environmental aspects. The fundamental aspects in need of consideration are summarized by; commitment and technical support, data availability, management of data and design of measurements. Further there lies a critical factor within management of measurements.

    This study contributes to practitioners with guidance from developed framework to assess critical factors. The theoretical contribution lies within the investigation of obstacles in need of consideration in development of SPMS, a present under-research area, especially in an industry context.

    Keywords: Sustainable Performance Measurement, Sustainable Performance Measurement Systems

  • 314.
    PETKOVA, DILYANA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Communicating Technochange: Communication practices and how employeesperceive them2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Change is a prominent feature of the organizational life. Nowadays companies rely on implementing large-scale Information Technology (IT) systems in order to enhance their organizational performance. Such technochanges, similarly to planned organizational changes, unfold in stages and have an impact on the organizational members. They, however, are not immune to failures. In this respect, the process of communication has been recognized as a critical success factor and an integrative part of every change initiative. Therefore, this study has investigated the communication practices during technochange, how employees perceive them and eventually, how the communication can be enhanced in order to assure the employees’ engagement. This has been done by conducting a case study at an office of a company in Stockholm, Sweden. The study was carried out through a combination of qualitative data collection methods. The data was analyzed with a help of a theoretical framework and sorted in themes that emerged from the collected empirics.

    The findings indicate the process of communication has been considered and acknowledged by the case organization. The use of several communication channels for disseminating of  hange information and collecting employees’ input have formed the employees’ perception of the change and communication processes. Specifically, intranet and meetings accommodate the applied one-way communication channels, while workshops and trainings represent the applied more participative communication methods. Furthermore, the study illustrates that the non-implementers are not a homogenous group and different stakeholders perceive the  hange in different ways that in turn creates different communication needs. Those findings lead to identification of improvement areas and practical suggestions for implementers and managers.

    From a theory perspective, this thesis makes an attempt to gain deeper understanding of specific communication approaches and their effect on employees in the context of technochange.

  • 315.
    phavy, ouk
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    The study on new service development process in telecom industry: the Telefonica Case Study2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to help Telefonica, a Spanish integrated operator, reduce time-to-market of its new offer or product/service innovation by closely observing and evaluating the current development process of its new offer. The research includes the review of current literature on product and service characteristics and new product and service development model, and participant observation conducted in relevant units actively involved in development process.

    The contributions of this thesis are threefold:

    First, characteristics of Telefonica’s offer to its multinational customers were examined and the finding indicated that the offer is categorized as product/service with service dominance. That added value to the next exercise of the improvement of new offer or product/service development speed.

    Second, investigation of the firm’s current new product/service development process with an attempt to perform evaluation and consequently recommendations were made based on the literature review stated above by closely looking at the interaction of the involved participants in development process and how the firm carried out its development process was conducted. The findings indicated that Telefonica selected the right development model for its new product/service innovation, yet there exist some weaknesses in its current development process. Therefore, implications were made so that Telefonica is able to get the best from its adopted model, Stage-gate.

    Third, from the investigation a generic view of new product/service development process in telecommunication industry was formed. The beneficiaries of this last finding are the practitioners in the product/service development in telecommunication market because from that pattern they could clearly view core elements to be carefully considered during the development period.

    The research recommends practitioners to encourage informal internal communication between project members of new product/service development process as it helps them to build up knowledge for problem solving as well as for finishing deliverables fast. Moreover, management involvement is strongly advised in order to ensure quality of the tasks done by the teams, accurately assess resources that will be needed throughout the project, and prevent procrastinations of the project members.

  • 316.
    PISHDAD, ROSITA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Application!of!Google’s!New!Organisational! Model: A"case"study"of"how"small"sized"Swedish"firms"can"manage" organisational"innovation"in"the"field"of"Life"Science2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, management innovation has become a trend in our changing society and many executives are looking for new management models to redefine their current models in their firms. Disrupting changes within our society has been affected many sectors. The Swedish Life Science sector has also been affected by various types of changes and new technologies. This research has been done as a source of inspiration for Swedish small sized companies in the Life Science sector to identify how they can improve their current management models based on Google’s organisational management model. The idea behind this research comes from an interesting master thesis project which have been done at KTH Royal Institute of Technology by Bourdette and Tillkvist (2016); Organisational innovation for rapidly changing environments: A case study on large multinational Swedish companies in comparison to the Silicon Valley model. However, in this research a case study of small sized Swedish firms in the field of Life Science has examined in comparison to the Google’s organisational model. The main findings of this research highlights that Swedish small sized companies can reinvent their management principles and apply Google’s model in their firms. Further, in order to improve the current management principles and successfully implement the Google’s model, a series of practices and strategies are required in order to handle the Google’s six management principles which consists of dynamic capabilities, a continuously changing organisation, a peoplecentric approach, an ambidextrous organisation, an organisation as a company system as well as an organisation that networks with its surroundings. Moreover, results of this study indicate that many executives are still applying Lean management, however, results captured from this research show a trend among Swedish small sized firms which are going towards applying the Google’s management model in their firms. Moreover, a set of strategies and practices which these firms have to apply in order to successfully implement the Google’s organisational model in their firms are presented and discussed in this research.

  • 317.
    PORAT, INGRID
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    HOVSTADIUS, KLARA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    A Business Model Perspective on Additive Manufacturing2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Additive manufacturing (AM) is an immature manufacturing technology which is often considered to have the potential of disrupting the manufacturing industry and many industrial companies are currently investigating how they can position themselves within the AM market. Technological innovations alone are often insufficient to fully exploit the benefits of new technology and requires to be accompanied with business model innovation. Consequently, companies face challenges to find guidance related to the application of AM; what to offer and to whom (value proposition), how to deliver such offering (value creation) and how to capture the profit (value capture) – that is, how to structure an AM business model. Therefore, this research investigates how large incumbent manufacturing companies tackle the emerging AM market from a business model perspective. The research unpacks the common themes within three business model components (value proposition, value creation and value capture) in the context of an AM business model, where theme 5 is contradicted by theory and by several other themes: 1. Immature demand 2. Internal cases as a starting point 3. Knowledge offerings 4. End-to-end solutions 5. Broad customer focus 6. Start in a technology niche, then expand 7. Invest in machines to learn AM 8. Change in designer mindset required 9. Partnerships to drive the AM market forward 10. A shift in power 11. Close customer relations 12. It is a race to the market The research is based on a multiple-case study consisting of 16 interviews at six different companies and two universities.

  • 318.
    PORFYRIS, GEORGIOS
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    KNOPP, FREDRIK
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Towards Successful New Product Development: Strategic Purchasing in Complex Projects2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The involvement of Purchasing in New Product Development projects is ever more important, as manufacturing firms increasingly rely on suppliers to develop new products and Purchasing coordinates development activities between the firm and suppliers. The rising complexity of New Product Development projects introduces challenges, which in turn demand effective management of Purchasing’s involvement.

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate the early involvement of Purchasing in complex New Product Development projects and examine Purchasing project participants’ work practices internally, with suppliers and with the organisation under project complexity. The resulting aim has been to develop theory and to provide recommendations on improving quality and delivery in complex projects through this involvement.

    Through a multiple-case study conducted over 20 weeks at the Swedish heavy vehicle manufacturer Scania CV AB, four complex New Product Development projects in which Purchasing has had strong participation were investigated. Qualitative primary data have been collected over 43 interviews and observations within Purchasing, and internal documentation has been used as secondary data on Purchasing processes and the four retrospective cases.

    The investigation highlights Purchasing’s inclination towards commercial contributions in supplier-related development activities under project complexity, which result in short-term management of quality and delivery problems arising prior to production. The impact of structured early involvement and of continuous long-term activities on the projects’ main stage is revealed, and several activities where Purchasing’s technical contributions and active cross-functional participation are critical to quality and delivery are identified. The results of the investigation demonstrate that, although involvement of Purchasing project participants is not required in all development activities, the utilisation of key competences within the department and the control of key activities through formalised processes are necessary to improve quality and delivery in complex projects.

  • 319.
    PREGNER, JOHAN
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    SANDE, PHILIP
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Kunskapsöverföring som en integrerad process i en projektbaserad organisation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge has in recent years become considered as a strategically important asset for organizations. In project-based organizations, a problem with a systematic integration of knowledge management has been identified. Projects can be described as separate organizations without history, which means that knowledge must be created within the project if it is not acquired from the outside. This study addresses the challenge with conducting effective knowledge management within organizations. As many efforts in knowledge management fail, the aim of this study is therefore to investigate how knowledge management can become an integrated process of a project-based organization.

    In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, a case study at the Swedish Defense Materiel Administration has been conducted. The study has analyzed the process of knowledge transfer, where the components of the process have been identified. Furthermore, factors affecting the integration of a broader work with Knowledge Management have been identified. Based on the process of Knowledge Management, together with the factors affecting the process, a strategy for working with Knowledge Management in a project-based organization has been presented. The empirical material is gathered through interviews, a survey and internal documents. The result shows that there are several parameters that must interact in order for Knowledge Management to become an integrated process in a project-based organization. Within the studied organization, barriers that prevent effective acquisition, distribution, storage and retrieval of knowledge, are identified. To address these barriers and enable development of the Knowledge Management process within the organization, the following recommendations are given to the management of the organization.

     Governance for Knowledge Management from organizational management in order to achieve a systematic approach to Knowledge Management within the projects.

     Create functional prerequisites in order to provide a basis for how the Knowledge Management process is to be conducted.

     Work with a long-term perspective, as change processes takes time.

  • 320.
    Pscheidl, Markus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Ulrich, Maximilian
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    How to renovate the SwedishMillion Homes Programme: The development of a value proposition for a renovation project2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Million Homes Programme, which had the construction of one millionaccommodations spread over whole Sweden from the years 1965 to 1975 as scope, is due to itsdeprived state in need of surrounding renovation measures. However, outgoing from complex marketconditions in which three major stakeholders: the housing companies, tenants and society areintegrated; renovation activities are so far carried out to a low extent.This report has the purpose to provide an understanding of the value that can be created by arenovation project of a Million Homes area towards the three different stakeholders and to therebyfacilitate future renovation projects of the Swedish Million Homes Programme. In order to fulfil thispurpose, the report established a value proposition for a renovation project towards the differentproject stakeholders. The research methodology in the study is both qualitative and quantitativebased on a case study at one of Sweden’s biggest construction companies and a literature andempirical investigation. Outgoing from the case study, value creation in a renovation project isdivided into the five areas (1) revenue increasing activities, (2) cost decreasing activities, (3) socialdevelopment, (4) tenant satisfaction and (5) partnering as project concept. Each of the areas isinvestigated regarding their value creation potential and the decisive factors that the value creationdepends on, under a literature and empirical study.Two value propositions are formulated in the report’s conclusion, which unfolds that the stakeholdersexpect a renovation project to be carried out differently. A discussion arises in the ending of thereport around these different expectations, suggesting that the Million Homes Programme will onlybe renovated in a surrounding fashion, which considers also the solution of environmental and socialchallenges, if a housing company benefits from social value creation. Outgoing from this discussion,future research is suggested, taking up the identified challenge of sharing created value between thestakeholders.

  • 321.
    Rasmussen, Sara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Organisational Culture in Innovative Small to Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs): Leadership’s Responsibilities when Implementing Change as a Result of M&As2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates what culturally related responsibilities leaders in innovative SMEs have when preparing employees prior to M&As in order to mitigate drawbacks due to culturally related discrepancies. The findings of this study especially confirm previous studies on culturally related difficulties in change management by emphasising the significant meaning of evaluating soft factors prior to change.

    The study was conducted by examining an innovative SME in the telecom industry that during 2009 embarked upon a major amendment of business by restructuring the company set up and relocate its headquarters to Singapore. The analysis is based on both existent studies in the field of organisational culture and change management, as well as on material obtained from qualitative research. This research consisted primarily of unstructured interviews and active participation is various company events and initiatives. 

    The subject is of great importance as M&As are an increasingly common feature of innovative companies' strategies in order to gain access to important knowledge and technologies. However, a great number of these initiatives fail, usually due to leaders inability to evaluate future prospects in relation to soft factors. The findings provide an in depth understanding of leaders significance prior to, and during change, in order to create cultural stability and predictability as a means of mitigating employee anxiety and ultimately reluctance to change.

  • 322.
    REDHE, FREDRIK
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Reducing supply complexity by the use of oncurrent product and supply chain design in project based manufacturing2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When performing a supplier classification to manage the supply base, portfolio management is a useful tool. The matrix by Kraljic is wildly used but it is not without its critique. This thesis addresses the  issues of the Kraljic matrix not offering any guidance as to how strategic movement with in the matrix should be accomplished. Particularly movement from right to left which implies a reduction in the supply complexity dimension. Concurrent engineering of supply chain and product design is an emerging area of research that shows a lot of benefits, among which some are related to the area of supply complexity. The research of supply complexity shows that complexity in product design hasa major direct impact on supply chain complexity and by not considering this, design space for supply chain decisions is lost. In a design/make to order, project based  setting with high value innovative products, there is a constantly on going  process of product design, which makes this environment particularly interesting for investigation of the potential benefits of integrating purchasing into concurrent engineering.

    The objective of this thesis therefore to investigate the interrelations between supply chain and product design with the purpose of finding ways of improving delivery performance and purchasing power by reducing the supply complexity. A single case study with embedded cases has been carried out with a qualitative approach where interviews and participant observations has been the main source of empirical data. To address supply complexity by the  use of concurrent product and supply chain design (CP SCD)  this thesis offers a  conceptual model with a series of actions  to be taken.

    Following the conceptual model this thesis concludes that supply complexity reductions can be achieved through CP SCD as it provides integration and synchronization of processes, enhanced visibility and it enables modularization and standardization to its fullest potential. Delivery performance is improved through reduced lead times and increased on time delivery. A higher level of standardization will enable supplier inventory, accurate prognosis  and more alternative sourcing options. Purchasing power will be increased as CP SCD is a mediator for higher level of standardization from which economies of scale can be achieved, the supply base can be widened  and accurate prognosis and purchasing history is enabled.

  • 323.
    RESH, DANIEL
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    NEUPANE, ABHISHEK
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Strategic partnerships: requirements forsuccess2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ever increasing competition in the manufacturing industry has led to that companies seek  todifferentiate themselves by being first to market with new technologies and thereby assuring a long term competitive advantage. Suppliers play an important role in the development of first to market technologies and the increasing trend of supplier consolidation has made the competition for the best suppliers even fiercer. One way for OEMs to assure long term cooperation with the best suppliers and continuous first to market launches is by implementing strategic partnerships.

    The objective of this study has been to investigate how technically intensive companies can use strategic partnerships with their key suppliers to obtain a first to market advantage. The focus of this study has been twofold: first by investigating “What” has to be in place in order for a strategic partnership to be successful and second by concluding “How” strategic partnerships should be executed.

    A case study method was used in order to investigate dyadic buyer-supplier relationships  between Volvo Cars and four suppliers. The study was further strengthened by investigating strategic partnerships at two reference companies. Through 51 interviews, qualitative and quantitative data was collected and used as the foundation for the analysis and conclusion.

    The result of the study identifies and confirms eight factors that are crucial to achieve in order  for a strategic partnership to be successful. Strategic partnerships were also identified as enablers for new product development and thereby first to market launches. Managerial implications have also been proposed as to how strategic partnerships should be implemented and executed.

  • 324. Ribeiro da Silva, E. H. D.
    et al.
    Shinohara, A. C.
    Pinheiro de Lima, E.
    Angelis, Jannis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management. Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Grevgatan 34, Stockholm, 10215, Sweden.
    Machado, C. G.
    Reviewing digital manufacturing concept in the Industry 4.0 paradigm2019In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 81, p. 240-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization of manufacturing is once again on the industry application research agenda and Digital Manufacturing plays a fundamental role in this process. However, there is a lack of commonality in the literature about the purpose of Digital Manufacturing. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the concept and application domain of Digital Manufacturing considering the increasingly established Industry 4.0 paradigm. Based on a content analysis concepts are framed, and new technological characteristics identified. The paper contributes to a better understanding of the future challenges that companies face by positioning Digital Manufacturing conceptually and delimiting its application domain.

  • 325.
    RIBOM, GUSTAV
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    SÖDERLIND, BJÖRN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Process Mining Software Development: Automatic process modeling and performance measurement2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's highly competitive telecom market efficient software development is reliant on accurateand up to date models of the organization, both to support operations and strategic decision making. Creating good models is both expensive and takes time which risks leading to models that are outdated when they are completed. A solution to this dilemma has in other industries been to automate the creation of models of process flows through the analysis of process event data. This study examines the potential for the process mining approach, which is an automatic analysis method, in a large scale software development context and reaches the conclusion that an implementation is both viable and possibly even more powerful than in areas that have used process mining historically due to the great amounts of detailed data produced by software development tools. Findings show that implementing process mining can provide organizations conducting large scale software development with accurate models instantly based on historical data and thus improving the basis for strategic decision making, performance evaluation and communication within an organization. Further research should focus on exploring the possibility of aggregating data and the effects of in-depth monitoring on performance.

  • 326. Rignér, J. O.
    et al.
    Moberg, B. T.
    Ulfvengren, Pernilla
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Pilot impact on the noise abatement effect of steeper approaches-Initial analysis of wind and flight data2017In: INTER-NOISE 2017 - 46th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Taming Noise and Moving Quiet, Institute of Noise Control Engineering , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Asteeper approach path is one potential way to reducetheperceived aircraft noise level on the ground around airports. However,pilots'changed operating behavior on a steeper glide slope may have an impact, or even acounterbalancing effecton the desired noise reductionoutcome. The overallaim of thisresearchis to estimate pilot impact on the noise abatementin steeper approaches.Actual recorded winds during standard 3.0degree glide slope angle approaches will be used to developan equivalent zerowind glide path angle. Correlations of glide slope angle and pilot operational behaviorwill be analyzed. In this paper,the logic behind thedevelopment ofan equivalent zero windcalculation methodis presented. A user-centered approach was applied which included a pilot workshop, and interviews with airline pilots.Based on the results it was decided to use the average wind from glide slope intercept to landing gear extension for the analysis of the pilots' behavior. Theequivalent zerowind calculation methodselected willsubsequently be applied to analyzepilot impact on noise abatement at various glide path angles.This will increase the knowledge about how to minimize the actual noise footprint around airports considering varying glide slope angles and meteorological conditions.

  • 327.
    ROLANDSSON, RASMUS
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Public Procurement of Security Technology: A multiple case study of Swedish municipalities and regions2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities and regions in Sweden have an increasing need to purchase security technology to secure their properties and their operations. However this procurement process is strictly regulated by the Swedish procurement act (“Lagen om Offentlig Upphandling”, LoU), leading to a similar procurement process. However no academic studies have been done on the procurement of security technology in local authorities.This thesis explores and maps this process and the important aspects which affect how the process is carried out. This was done via a multiple case study, primarily involving interviews with experts from seven municipalities and six regions in Sweden. It analyses the public procurement from a process perspective from the initiation via the purchase to the follow-up and monitoring. Hence, the study is using a wider definition of the procurement process than most previous studies on public procurement. The aspects which affect this procurement process were also identified in this study.The results show that the procurement process has a cyclic nature, based on framework agreements in most of the studied case organizations. This cyclic nature gives both the planning and the follow-up central parts in a successful procurement process. The main identified aspects affecting the procurement process of security technology identified were: Supplier lock-in Procurement complexity The role LoU plays in the case organizationsOther themes related to main aspects presented above are also discussed in this thesis such as the suitability to implement SecaaS (Security as a Service) in the case organizations and the stakeholder dimension. The main conceptual contribution of this thesis is the usefulness of adapting a comprehensive process perspective when studying public procurement.

  • 328.
    ROMAN, JOHANNA
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    WIDMARK, OLIVIA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Individual activities within IT consultancy firms: How the individual efficiency within IT consultancy firms could be increased by improving individual  activities2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s IT consultants are expected to carry out an increasing variety of tasks and possess knowledge within more technology areas than previously. As the complexity within the IT industry evidently is stepping up and the consultants are expected to manage this complexity well, it becomes more crucial than ever for each consultant to work efficiently and contribute to the IT consultancy firms’ overall efficiency. This research therefore investigates how the internal efficiency within IT consultancy firms could be increased as how the firms’ leaders should act in order to enhance the efficiency in the short and long run.

    Our research is based on a case study of 17 interviews and two workshops performed at a Swedish IT consultancy firm located in Stockholm, as well as three external interviews and a coherent and iterative literature review.

    The internal efficiency within IT consultancy firms could be increased by improving their individual activities attached to their organisational routines. The individual activities indicating the greatest potential to increase the internal efficiency are the low-prioritised activities - individual activities that consultants tend to prioritise lower, which often results in postponement of the activities. Why these activities are performed more inefficiently than other individual activities are due to four common root causes: (1) insufficient structural capital, (2) insufficient cultural support, (3) poor communication policies, and (4) lack of incentives.

    Concrete actions for how this could be operated in the short as well as the long run, are provided by this research. Its managerial implications are therefore directed towards the team managers as well as top management within IT consultancy firms.

  • 329. Rompas, Sotiris
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Innovative strategies in the bio-pharmaceutical industry: licensing innovative technologies2008Report (Other academic)
  • 330.
    ROST, MIRANDA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Dimensions of User Churn in a Mobile Health Application2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    User churn is a big problem for mobile applications, and in particular for healthapplications. Because mobile applications is such a new industry there is almost no research on churn in mobile applications, and none at all regarding health. The purpose of this research was to explain what dimensions a mobile health application company need to take into account when analyzing churn, and provide them with the tools to analyze churn in the future.The study was done in the form of a case study at the mobile health company Lifesum. An extensive literature study was conducted to create an initial framework for analyzing user churn in a health application. Interviews were conducted with both users and with Lifesum employees, with questions based on the initial framework. The results of the interviews were then used to augment the initial framework, to represent a more accurate image of user churn in a mobile health application. The results of the interviews were also used to create an overview of churn in the specific case study of the Lifesum app.The outcome of the study was a framework with many different dimensions, with intricate connections between them. The main dimensions influencing user churn are user satisfaction and switching barriers, and they are in turn influenced by other factors. The analysis of churn in the Lifesum application shows that churn is complex. Users have many different purposes for using the app, and even more reasons for why they stop using the application. A diagram mapping the different users is presented, with analysis regarding how the app needs to change to cater to the different user groups. A recommendation is also given for companies to investigate which type of users they want to cater to, based on both what they can do and what direction they want the application to go.

  • 331.
    RYDING, CECILIA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Improving Lead Times by Introducing a Performance Measurement System: A Case Study in a Public Service Organization2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Performance management is an area that has gained increasing interest in many industries over the last decades. Managing performance is closely related with enforcing a strategy to reach a desired goal and in order to do so; one must be able to quantify goals to decide the degree of success. A common way is therefor to introduce a Performance Measurement System (PMS) built of indicators that are used to guide decision making and determine the results. However, a PMS is different depending on the context and target.

    In the context of public services, trust and reliability among the public is important. Public service organizations fulfill important functions in the society and are often funded by taxes, which imply multiple stakeholders besides the users of the services. In order to ensure this confidence in public agencies, customer satisfaction has been identified as essential. Customer satisfaction depends on several aspects, and one of them is to receive a decision in reasonable time. Therefor it is of interest to examine how implementation of a PMS can shorten the lead time and thereby increasing customer satisfaction.

    The purpose of the study was to examine the current governance and its effect on the lead time to identify how it could be improved by implementing a PMS. The study commenced with a literature search to find relevant sources to build a theoretical framework to base a case study on. The results show that currently the relationship between governance and lead time is rather vague in the examined organization. However, there are several researchers that show how beneficial performance measurement is to guide decisions and reinforce organizational strategies if used properly. Therefore it is concluded that a PMS is a great tool for organizations that want to communicate, implement and follow up on how their strategy is working. Since the case study organization has started executing a Lean strategy to become more customer-oriented implementing a PMS is highly recommended for them.

  • 332.
    Rödén, Marcus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Marketing and Entrepreneurship. Revaluer.
    Ståhle, Henrik
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Marketing and Entrepreneurship.
    The Motives for Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries; the Case of Nairobi2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship is on the rise in Africa. The Kenyan government is focusing on

    entrepreneurship and the digital scene for the future growth of the country. The digital startup

    ecosystem is growing as well as the number of entrepreneurs is rising which has further

    increased the discussion of business opportunities in the region. This raises the question why

    the entrepreneurs themselves want to pursue entrepreneurship as an active career. Past

    research show that entrepreneurial motivations may differ due to geographical regions, and

    may differ due to the economical condition of the country.

    The authors see that more emphasize must be put on entrepreneurial motives in developing

    countries to further understand why people want to pursue entrepreneurship. Since there is

    little research on entrepreneurial motivations in developing countries, where on region is

    Nairobi, Kenya, the authors aim to add knowledge in this field to further understand

    entrepreneurial motivations across the world.

    This is a qualitative research where the authors aim to explore the entrepreneurial motives

    behind going into entrepreneurship in Nairobi, Kenya. 18 participants have been interviewed

    through a semi-structured interview format in Nairobi for 2 weeks in March 2017.

    The results show that there are three main motives present in Nairobi. The findings have been

    compared to, according to the inductive reasoning approach, a theory of entrepreneurial

    motivations and have found that there are different motives present in Nairobi than in other

    regions in the world. Some entrepreneurial motives that are less common in developed

    countries are more common in Nairobi, which confirm that entrepreneurial motives differ due

    to geographical regions.

  • 333.
    Sahlin, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Hugner, Carl-Johan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Dealing with the ORSA: A Dynamic Risk-Factor Based Approach for the Small, Swedish Non-Life Insurer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Own Risk and Solvency Assessment, ORSA, is referred to as the heart of the regulation to be for European insurance companies - Solvency II. The aim of the ORSA process is to provide an overall and holistic view of the insurer’s risks by analyzing their current financial status and business strategy at hand. There is no predefined way to implement this process, which means that the companies are forced to develop a model themselves, as they see fit. In collaboration with a regional insurance company in Sweden we develop a structure and framework for an ORSA-model, flexible enough to be used by similar insurers yet standardized enough to overcome the issue of constrained resources within these smaller organizations. We apply a risk-factor based approach and tie together a balance sheet projection and stress testing, designed to be further developed as the individual insurer see fit. The suggested approach yields partially satisfying results and we consider the model to be particularly well-suited for assessing risk in the context of the small, non-life insurer.

  • 334.
    SALEH EBRAHIMI, DELARA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Setting Up a Taxonomy in Modelingfor Supply Chain Risk Management2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to recent catastrophic events such as the Japan disaster in 2011 and the volcanic eruption of

    Eyjafjallajökull, attention has been directed to global supply chains and the risks that they are subject to;  risks  that  need  to  be  managed.  Trends  in  business  models  such  as  lean  management, globalization, and outsourcing have caused supply chain networks to become more complex and sensitive  to  disruptions;  leading  several  researchers  to  attempt  to  establish  metamodels  and taxonomies of terminology in the field, and frameworks for risk management. Furthermore, the need to provide supply chain risk management practitioners with a properly developed Decision Support System (DSS) has been suggested. However, the field of supply chain risk management is still dispersed, lacking a common nomenclature and a solid foundation for a future DSS to be built on.

    This thesis aims to deliver just that. Previous proposals in the bibliography of the subject have been reviewed in order to find a common core of definition of supply chain actors, processes, and risks, which have been extended to cover the elements relevant for supply chain risk management. This has resulted in a taxonomy containing supply chain actors and their connections, standard processes, functions, and flows, as well as a list of risks that supply chains of today are subject to. The developed taxonomy has then been adapted to modeling through an object-oriented approach; thus delivering the first step of the development of a future DSS for supply chain deciders to utilize in their supply chain risk management efforts.

  • 335.
    SALEH EBRAHIMI, DELARA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Setting Up a Taxonomy in Modelingfor Supply Chain Risk Management2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to recent catastrophic events such as the Japan disaster in 2011 and the volcanic eruption of

    Eyjafjallajökull, attention has been directed to global supply chains and the risks that they are subject to;  risks  that  need  to  be  managed.  Trends  in  business  models  such  as  lean  management, globalization, and outsourcing have caused supply chain networks to become more complex and sensitive  to  disruptions;  leading  several  researchers  to  attempt  to  establish  metamodels  and taxonomies of terminology in the field, and frameworks for risk management. Furthermore, the need to provide supply chain risk management practitioners with a properly developed Decision Support System (DSS) has been suggested. However, the field of supply chain risk management is still dispersed, lacking a common nomenclature and a solid foundation for a future DSS to be built on.

    This thesis aims to deliver just that. Previous proposals in the bibliography of the subject have been reviewed in order to find a common core of definition of supply chain actors, processes, and risks, which have been extended to cover the elements relevant for supply chain risk management. This has resulted in a taxonomy containing supply chain actors and their connections, standard processes, functions, and flows, as well as a list of risks that supply chains of today are subject to. The developed taxonomy has then been adapted to modeling through an object-oriented approach; thus delivering the first step of the development of a future DSS for supply chain deciders to utilize in their supply chain risk management efforts.

  • 336.
    Sarker, Sudipa
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Engwall, Mats
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Trucco, Paolo
    Feldmann, Andreas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Internal Visibility of External Supplier Risks and the Dynamics of Risk Management Silos2016In: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 451-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the factors behind silo-based risk management practices in organizations. Based on interviews with different actors working with the supply management processes within and across different organizational levels in a major multinational manufacturing corporation, it reveals how silos of risk management activities are formed. The findings show that there are profound differences in risk visibility between different actors due to differences in their hierarchical levels, organizational positions, and business contexts. Drawing on the theoretical lenses of bounded rationality and contingency theory, the paper reveals how these differences in visibility create silo-based risk management processes and discusses the pros and cons of such configurations. It concludes that silo-based behaviors are inherent features of any complex organization and that the implications of managing risks in silos are strongly influenced by the types of dependences ( positive or negative) among risks. Therefore, it is elemental for organizations to be aware of this phenomenon and configure their risk management processes accordingly based on the dependences among the various risks to which the organizations are exposed.

  • 337.
    Sayem, Ahmed
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management. Department of Organization Engineering, Business Administration and Statistics, ETSII, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid, 28006, Spain.
    Feldmann, Andreas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Ortega, Miguel
    UPM Madrid.
    Investigating the influence of network-manufacturing capabilities to the phenomenon of reshoring: An insight from three case studies2019In: Business Research Quarterly, ISSN 2340-9436, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 68-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After a steady growth in global offshoring activities, it appears now a marked flow in the opposite direction with both a partial and full reversal of offshoring decisions. Research on reshoring put less stresses on the operation of dispersed facilities of an intra-firm network manufacturing. The purpose of this paper is to address the relevance of strategic capabilities for the operation of international manufacturing to the reshoring decision. The paper reports on retrospective studies of three European based companies, which have had recent reshoring experience. We adopt qualitative research using a case-based methodology that includes multiple in-depth interviews based on three companies. The study demonstrates that managerial challenges in the operation of dispersed facilities have played an important role in the reshoring decision. The findings allow understanding how the capability dimensions, 'thriftiness' and 'learning' being the most important, connect with the phenomenon of reshoring.

  • 338.
    Segersten, Kristoffer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    ZHAI, KEREN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Obstacles for Remote Air Traffic Services: A Multilevel Perspective2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Air traffic services (ATS) play an important role for flight safety. Remote air traffic services (RATS) represent a novel, more digitalized, ATS solution. In some aspects, RATS can be argued to outperform conventional ATS. However, as it entails various sociotechnical obstacles, making RATS the dominant solution for ATS is challenging. An inadequate awareness of such sociotechnical obstacles potentially impedes the competitiveness of RATS in general and the RATS providers in particular. This study intends to - from a sociotechnical perspective - identify main obstacles as faced by RATS when aspiring to become the dominant solution for ATS. In order to identify such obstacles, an abductive case study has been conducted. Empirical data was primarily gathered by semi-structured interviews with 10 key stakeholders involved, directly or indirectly, with RATS. The study is delimited to principally gather empirics from Sweden and the United Kingdom. Theoretical concepts of Large Technical Systems (LTS) and the Multilevel Perspective (MLP) are employed to understand and analyze the empirical data. The identified obstacles faced by RATS are mapped into the different levels of the MLP. Obstacles have been identified in all levels of the MLP. The most prominent obstacles seem to lay in social aspects of change processes, a proposition-perception gap, and connectivity infrastructure dependency.

  • 339. Seliger, G.
    et al.
    Carpinetti, L. C. R.
    Gerolamo, M. C.
    Fleschutz, Timo
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Promoting innovative clusters and cooperation networks: The European Commission observatories of SMEs and the context of Berlin-Brandenburg2008In: International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, ISSN 1470-9503, E-ISSN 1741-5225, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 204-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents recent studies on clusters and cooperation networks of Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) carried out by the European Commission as well as a description of Germany, focusing on Berlin-Brandenburg. The main goal of this paper is to analyse the experience of the European and German initiatives and to define important alternatives to develop clusters and cooperation networks. As the main result, it can be observed that SMEs in clusters perform better than other SMEs. An approach is provided in Germany with the promotion of competence networks for innovation (Kompetenznetze Deutschland). The region Berlin-Brandenburg shows on a regional level what a local strategy could be like. It could be said that possible alternatives would be a more direct support by the government, a stronger focus on innovation, and the definition of management processes for cooperation networks, all of them oriented under a perspective of a sustainable development.

  • 340.
    Shkliar, Khrystyna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Lean supply chain of service companies: application of order review and release systems to improve its performances2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to contribute to the theoretical knowledgebase about supply chains in service companies and lean implementation in this area. The focus of the study is testing the feasibility of order review and release systems application, which proved to be effective in “leaning” the flow of manufacturing companies, to the service supply chain. The influence of one of the main characteristics of services – processing times variability and preciseness in estimating the required processing times, is studied.

    The research is purely theoretical and was conducted with the help of simulation modeling. The model of the service supply chain was developed based on the literature review and statistical distributions as an input data were used.

    Two kinds of order review and release systems are considered: upper-bound limited workload and lean-based balanced workload model. Their impact on the performance of the service supply chain is described and compared to the results of the model with immediate release.

    The findings show that order review and release systems can perform well even in the conditions of unknown exact processing times and thus can be applied to services as well as they are applied in manufacturing. The application of order review and release systems will help to eliminate waste within the service supply chain, make it more flexible and thus increase added value to the customers. 

  • 341.
    Simon, Louis
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Wangsirilert, Chulee
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    How large-scale companies and social enterprises improve the sustainability of their partnership?: The case study of IKEA and Doi Tung social enterprise in Thailand2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays consumers have become more and more socially conscious because of the rising concern about social and environmental issues. In this context, large scale companies are one of the main actors which are required to increase their efforts. They have increased the amount of charity actions or philanthropic collaboration in the latest years but both have shown limited effects and benefits especially on the long-term.

    This research is treating a new kind of partnership between large scale companies and social enterprises which is based on a true business approach with a long-term strategy. This new type of partnership requires a higher effort for its sustainability on the long-term and there was a gap in the literature when it comes to that point and it is this gap that this research aims to fill.

    The research was conducted through the analysis of a case study about the partnership between IKEA and Doi Tung, a social enterprise based in Thailand.

    Through semi-structured interviews conducted with both parts, it was possible to point out the challenges faced by large scale companies and social enterprises during their partnership but also to highlight four keys aspects which ensure the sustainability of this type of partnership; partnership selection and preparation, partnership driver, partnership nature, and partnership adaptation.

    The research contributes to the knowledge in the area of entrepreneurship and practical knowledge on the corporate-social enterprise partnership.

  • 342.
    SJÖDIN, GUSTAV
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    ORGANIZATIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESS PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of companies choosing a business process-orientation approach is growing today, and the subject area gains more and more interest in academic as well as in practice. Process performance measurement is recognized as a vital part of the business process-orientation but the challenges of integrate such a system into an organization are many, and former literature seem to have forgotten this aspect or not realized what it actually requires. Therefore, the objective of this research is to address and evaluate the requirements of an organization, its processes but also the process owners’ role, in order to successfully integrate process performance measurements as a part of the business process approach.

    Through literature search, different angels of business processes, process performance measurement system, process performance indicators, and process owners’ role and responsibilities were examined to understand their specific characteristics and requirements from an organizational point of view. The identified dimensions were then applied to a case company to get the practical aspect of the problems and further analyzed. Findings showed that, considering requirements and recommendations from literature, certain conditions in an organization are demanded in order to successfully integrate process performance measurements. The level of success is highly dependent on the organizational structure in combination with committed managers and a supportive corporate culture. Empowered process owners must also have the authority to take on an end-to-end process responsibility and with support of process performance measurements being able to redesign process activities to continuously improve processes. Main findings along with recommendations are provided in the conclusion, and for companies that wants to go one step further in their process-orientation and integrate process performance measurements, this research can be appropriate and fruitful.

  • 343.
    Skobeltcyn, Aleksandr
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    SHEN, XIN
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    How to increase revenue in Free-to-Play mobile games2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Free-to-play (F2P) model is the primary business model applied in indie mobile games nowadays. However, the fact that less than 5% of players are paying is still a big problem for developers. There is a theoretical gap in understandings of how to increase revenue without lowering the quality of the game and deliver more valuable and better gaming experience for players. Some assumptions and empirical methods need to be verified. The aim of this research is to understand a series of specific design and development questions of F2P games, including game inner mechanics, game structures, and monetization strategies. We attempted to find consensus between developers and players. In addition, this research also sought to find out how F2P mobile game can provide as a comprehensive service in order. It sought to find a sustainable and profitable business model for each game by integrating monetization organically inside of the game without sacrificing players’ enjoyment. We used a mixed methods research approach, including both interviews and surveys, to examine the opinions and behavior of developers and players based on the Acquisition-Retention-Monetization funnel.

  • 344.
    Smogner, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Johnson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    How to enhance Shareholder Value through a Customer support in the Insurance industry: A BUSINESS DRIVEN APPROACH TOWARDS MOBILE- AND SELF-SERVICE- BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increased competitive climate has enhanced the importance for companies to differentiate from other companies. Today, the customer support within service organizations are often disregarded as a source of value due to the focus on costs. Further, it has become more important to leverage the contact with the customer at all encounters. New technological advancements within Business Intelligence have also enabled companies to increase their competitiveness through improved decision support. The objective of this thesis is through a case study investigate how an insurance company could leverage its customer support as a source of creating shareholder value as well as how to apply trends within Business Intelligence for increased decision support. This was done through developing a conceptual model based on academic theory in order to provide a tool for analysis and development of a customer support. The research questions intends to investigate how an customer support can contribute to, and balance a focus on service quality, costs and sales in order to enhance shareholder value. A business driven approach was further used in order to understand how a customer support could leverage the emerging trends of Business Intelligence. This since the thesis also aims to provide some first insights into how to leverage the trends of mobile- and Self-Service- Business Intelligence within the customer support within insurance companies. The research emphasizes the need to have a holistic view of what drives value and costs with regard to the retention, growth and acquisition of customers when viewing the customer support as a source of value. The thesis concludes that both the trends of mobile- and Self-Service- Business Intelligence could enable an insurance company to gain new insights through utilizing existing internal as well as external data in order to conduct a more continuous and flexible analysis of important matters. 

  • 345.
    SPRINGER, JULIAN
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    KINNUNEN, MIKO
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Value creation through digital services in start-up support organisations2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose - Digitisation is connecting various business actors to create interconnected ecosystems through digital platforms. Meanwhile entrepreneurial ecosystems are offering various benefits for start-ups e.g. through support organisations that offer services for them. Currently, these start-up support organisations face the challenge of leveraging digital services to create value for their member start-ups. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the digital services offered in start-up support organisations create value for start-ups. Approach - From a theoretical perspective, the sociology of value and service dominant logic concepts such as value co-creation and service ecosystems are considered. Qualitative methods were used to conduct a pre-study and an in-depth case study with a start-up hub in Stockholm's entrepreneurial ecosystem. Data was collected using 18 semi-structured interviews with start-ups and other actors in the ecosystem and participant observations of 17 events. Findings - Needs and challenges for start-ups were identified and mapped against the digital services used by the start-ups. These services facilitate interaction between various actors in the start-up hub. Seven interconnected value types for the start-ups were identified emerging from the use of digital and non-digital services in the start-up hub. Moreover, many of the digital services are not provided by the start-up hub alone but in collaboration with other actors, connecting the start-up hub to other actors in the start-up ecosystem. Research limitations and implications - The findings contribute to the understanding of how start-up support organisations leverage digital services to support their member start-ups. The connection of digital service usage to the creation of various value types provides a theoretical concept to research about service ecosystem. As the study has been conducted with a limited number of respondents and events in Stockholm, further research in other ecosystems and using different methods is suggested to ensure generalisability of the findings of this study. Practical implications - A number of practical suggestions for start-up support organisations can be derived from the findings, including that start-up support organisations can benefit from establishing and moderating a digital community, involving several actors from the ecosystem and continuously adapting digital services to the changing environment and needs of start-ups. Originality - To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first study to investigate digital services in entrepreneurial ecosystems from the perspective of value in service ecosystems.

  • 346.
    STACKELBERG, ANNA
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Big Data Technology as a Management System: Knowledge Management within Large Enterprises2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge Management has been acknowledged in most business areas and known to be valuable for future growth. However, despite identified deficiencies and benefits within the area, vital databases are commonly technically neglected in large enterprises. This study identifies and clarifies risks in falling behind in technology in addition to what benefits exists in developing and enhancing internal information distribution tools. The investigated subject is a database that subsists at Tetra Pak in the Modena, Italy site and operates as a local solution although the study further conƒfirm advantages in combining it for global usage. As it is recommended to assemble a web based solution the approach is also briefly explored  and an in-house solution as well as outsourcing it through large and smaller companies is discussed. The study was delimited to large enterprises as perceptions imply additional importance in attaining sufficient knowledge management systems.

    Conclusively, the purpose is to enlighten incentives in terms of why it is important for large enterprises to continuously develop all processes in the company, which ultimately include knowledge distribution and sharing systems.

  • 347.
    STJERNQUIST, GUSTAV
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    WAHLBERG, DAVID
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Measuring Value Creation of Procurement – What KPIs Are UsedDepending on Maturity2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study what KPIs are used at management level to measure value creation of procurement given its level of maturity. Previous research by e.g. Cousins et al. 2008), van Weele (2010) and Caniato et al. (2012) has identified value creation areas that are measured  in  procurement.  However,  a  key  factor  called  procurement  maturity  has  been verlooked. The role of procurement in different organizations will vary depending on how mature the procurement organization is (e.g. Keough 1993, Paulraj et al. 2006, Reck and Long 988,), hence maturity is a deciding factor of how the procurement organization works and what alue it can contribute to (e.g. Keough 1993, Schiele 2007, Cousins et al. 2006, Paulraj et al. 006). Also, given the limited time and resources that companies and especially management ave they must focus their attention to where it can yield the most return. It then becomes mportant to study what value creation areas that companies prioritize and focus on. As maturity f the procurement organization has a profound effect on the value creation and given the limited ime and resources that management has, it becomes necessary to study what KPIs are used by management to measure the procurement organization depending on its maturity level.

    The study was conducted by sending a survey to the 500 largest companies by revenue in Sweden. In order to triangulate the results and gain deeper understanding interviews were held with 10 people at 9 different organizations.

    Our research findings suggest a sequential approach to which value areas that are measured. This s in contrast to e.g. van Weele (2010) and Cousins (2008) who does not specify any particular rder and Duffy (2008) and Carter et al. (2005) who merely list potential value creation areas and corresponding KPIs to measure. Furthermore, we identify three different categories of areas o  measure;  value  creation  areas,  enablers  and  booster  KPIs.  This  also  contrasts  previous esearch that tends  to  mix areas for  value creation and  enablers when discussing strategic rocurement. In addition we present our own model "The Procurement KPI Onion" that provide managers with support and inspiration of what value creation areas to measure depending on maturity as well as areas to measure to improve maturity of the procurement organization and ow they both evolve with increasing maturity.

  • 348.
    Stogsdill, Matthew
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Ulfvengren, Pernilla
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    A Reexamination of the Risk Paradigm: An Aviation Perspective2014In: International Coference on Human-Compter Interaction in Aerospace, California, USA / [ed] Guy Boy, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines a course of research that is currently being pursued as a part of the EU FP-7 project, PROSERO. The concept being investigated relates to whether there is an alternative way of considering risk that may allow for closer to real time understanding of the different aspects that influence how much risk is in a given situation. This conceptual paper outlines some of the areas that will be investigated in the coming years. As such, this paper can be thought of as a map of future research where the concepts and rationale will be supported with the collection of data from the PROSERO project. As risk is a concept that is highly relevant to the aviation industry in various forms, attempting to synthesize the essence of risk into a relatively simple format will hopefully be beneficial to all involved stakeholders. 

  • 349.
    Stogsdill, Matthew
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Ulfvengren, Pernilla
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    The Essence of Change2014In: 31st European Association for Aviation Psychology, Valletta, Malta, 2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 350.
    Stogsdill, Matthew
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Ulfvengren, Pernilla
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Baranzini, Daniele
    TCD.
    Corrigan, Siobhan
    TCD.
    McDonald, Nick
    TCD.
    Sharing is Caring: A Discussion for Combining Risk Information2014In: 11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Managment, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2014, p. 835-840Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the aviation system continues to grow, the need to develop models that allow for an understanding of the complex interactions that occur within the industry. This paper will present some preliminary finding of the PROactive Safety PERformance for Operations (PROSPERO), an FP7 project, regarding the development of the conceptual and practical implication of such a model. Additionally, work concerning the development of a new understanding of risk, which will be necessary to fully understand the complexities of highly interconnected systems, will be discussed, which will be continued in future papers. 

456789 301 - 350 of 410
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf