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  • 301.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Piza, E. L. & Welsh B. C.: The globalization of evidence-based policing: innovations in bridging the research-practice divide2022In: Crime Prevention & Community Safety, ISSN 1460-3780, E-ISSN 1743-4629, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 112-116Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 302.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rural crime and community safety2015In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 39, p. 157-159Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 303.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rural crime and community safety2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Crime is often perceived as an urban issue rather than a problem that occurs in rural areas, but how far is this view tenable? This book explores the relationship between crime and community in rural areas and addresses the notion of safety as part of the community dynamics in such areas. 

    Rural Crime and Community Safety makes a significant contribution to crime science and integrates a range of theories to understand patterns of crime and perceived safety in rural contexts. Based on a wealth of original research, Ceccato combines spatial methods with qualitative analysis to examine, in detail, farm and wildlife crime, youth related crimes and gendered violence in rural settings.  

    Making the most of the expanding field of Criminology and of the growing professional inquiry into crime and crime prevention in rural areas; rural development; and the social sustainability of rural areas, this book builds a bridge by connecting Criminology and Human Geography. This book will be suitable for academics, students and practitioners in the fields of criminology, community safety, rural studies, rural development and gender studies.

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  • 304.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rural–urban crime trends in international perspective2015In: Rural crime and community safety, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 65-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter compares crime rates in Sweden with those in United States and United Kingdom. In all three countries, urban crime rates are higher than rural ones, regardless of definitions of crime types and how rural areas are conceptualized. The chapter discusses evidence about the so-called “convergence hypothesis” of urban and rural crime rates. Crime victimization disproportionately affects more urban than rural residents, regardless of crime trends, country, or differences in rural–urban contexts. Urban areas are often more criminogenic than rural areas not because they concentrate lots of people per area but because urban areas offer more opportunities for crime than rural ones do. This assumption is particularly true for property crimes. Robbery, regarded as a violent offense, seems to follow the trend for violent crimes more than the trend for property offenses. Levitt presents the percentage decline in homicide, violent crime, and property crime from 1991 to 2001 by region in the United States, urban–rural, and city size.

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  • 305.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Safety in public places from a place-oriented public health perspective2020In: Companion to Public Space / [ed] Vikas Mehta & Danilo Palazzo, Routledge , 2020, p. 95-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 306.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Safety in public spaces from a place-oriented public health perspective2020In: Companion to Public Space, Taylor and Francis , 2020, p. 94-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we argue in favor of a place-oriented public health perspective on safety in public spaces. We start by illustrating how public spaces can affect individuals’ health via their impact on individuals’ behavior, patterns of crime victimization, and fall injuries. Using a bibliometric visualization tool, we identify clusters of research in this area published from 1968 to 2018. Then, we illustrate this body of literature by introducing three of the most recent research strands. The chapter closes with a discussion of theoretical and practical potentialities as well as future challenges when adopting a place-oriented public health perspective to safety in public spaces.

  • 307.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Segurança e mercado imobiliário urbano2017In: Novas perspectivas analiticas e interprepativas da Ciencia geografica no atual contexto do sistema mundo / [ed] Antonio Carlos Vitte, Campinas: Paco editorial , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [pt]

    Esse capítulo começa revelando o efeito da (in)segurança no mercado imobiliário usando como base estudos com modelos de precos hedônicos na literatura internacional e na Brasileira. Ele também discute como o crime e a falta de seguranca são o topo do icerberg de outros dinamicas estruturais urbanas que diretamente afetam a disposicao dos individuos em pagar ou não por uma propriedade. Assumindo uma agenda de pesquisa interdisciplinar, entre os campos da Economia, Geografia e Criminologia, o capítulo finaliza identificando uma serie de questões urgentes serem tratadas em pesquisa futura.

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  • 308.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sexual Violence in Public Transportation2021In: International Encyclopedia of Transportation: Volume 1-7, Elsevier , 2021, Vol. 2, p. 576-583Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence comes in many forms, and it is a common phenomenon in public transportation venues worldwide. What is the nature of sexual violence in transportation environments? Which are the most affected groups of riders? When and where does sexual violence mostly happen? How does sexual violence affect the lives of those victimized worldwide? These issues are discussed in this entry. First, we begin by defining sexual violence and public transport for the purposes of this discussion and outline why this is a relevant area. This entry explores also the strategies and interventions currently adopted worldwide by public agencies. This entry concludes by recommending ways to prevent sexual violence in transportation environments as well as which knowledge is needed about sexual violence and its prevention.

  • 309.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Special Issue: Finance, Harm And White Collar Crime2016In: Crime, law and social change, ISSN 0925-4994, E-ISSN 1573-0751, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 109-113Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Special Issue—Contemporary Issues in Brazilian Criminology2021In: Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 0734-0168, E-ISSN 1556-3839Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue features seven articles among those presented at the workshop ?Crime and Perceived Safety in Brazil? (Crime e Percepç?o de Segurança in Brazil) in Campinas, Brazil, in December 2019. The special issue reflects an array of themes of contemporary criminology in Brazil, from homicides and corruption to fear of crime and crime prevention. This special issue reflects the interdisciplinary character of the workshop with participating researchers from several Brazilian universities. For a selection of other articles from this workshop, see the second special issue to be published in the Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice in 2022.

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  • 311.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Säkra städer: Aktivt arbete mot brottskoncentration2024 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I de flesta städer - från minsta småstad i Sverige till megastäder som New York - finns miljöer där brott begås i större utsträckning än i andra. För att kunna förstå brottslighetens natur och agera både brottspreventivt och trygghetsskapande är det viktigt att veta varför brottslighet sker oproportionerligt mycket just i dessa miljöer. Den här boken handlar om vilka stadsmiljöer som koncentrerar brott och presenterar möjliga förklaringar till varför det är så. Här diskuteras också vad det är som får människor att uppleva dessa miljöer som otrygga. Boken ger exempel på systematiska metoder som används för att kunna identifiera platser med hög brottskoncentration samt diskuterar möjliga relevanta situationsbaserade åtgärder för brottsförebyggande arbete i en svensk kontext. Boken vänder sig till alla verksamma inom det expanderande brottsförebyggande och trygghetsfrämjande fältet. Den är särskilt lämplig för kriminologi- och polisutbildning och passar mycket bra för utbildningar inom stadsplanering, geografi och andra samhällsvetenskapliga områden där säkerhet och trygghet betraktas som en dimension av social hållbarhet.

  • 312.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    The geographic,socioeconomic, and cultural determinants of violence2014In: Oxford Textbooks in Public Health - Violence: A global health priority / [ed] Roger Detels, Martin Gulliford, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, and Chorh Chuan Tan, Oxford University Press, 2014, 6, , p. 10Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this chapter is to make a contribution to thisknowledge base by reviewing explanations for violence (levelsand patterns), drawing from principles of criminological theoriesthat are supported by evidence from Northern American andEuropean cities as well as from cities of the Global South.

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  • 313.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    The geography of crime in the Swedish capital2014In: Sociala risker och social oro: Erfarenheter av att arbeta förebyggande med sociala risker och social oro / [ed] Ståhle, T., Stockholm: Länstyrelsen , 2014, , p. 5p. 14-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 314.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    The urban fabric of crime and fear2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities are places of social interaction. Some social interactions — such as being a victim of crime “ are unpleasant experiences. Even if there is no such thing as a place free of crime, many would argue that a liveable city should aim to control the risk or fear of crime, where a feeling of security underpin a sense of place attachment and the social cohesion of its residents. Security includes individuals” risk of being a victim of crime as well as their perceived safety. Some would argue that, although security is necessary for urban quality of life, prioritising it may restrict social interaction, exclude certain groups of individuals and stigmatise others. Cities cannot aim at being socially sustainable without considering their citizens' security concerns seriously. However, the determination to ensure security must follow policies and practices which have a wide sense of inclusion and fairness. The objective of this book is to provide a theoretical and empirical discussion of security issues in the urban context based on different research traditions. From an academic point of view, the book shows examples of potentialities and limitations within different research disciplines when dealing with urban crime and fear of crime. From a practical point of view, the book has the potential to help practitioners and planners to set out a more realistic agenda for what can be planned and achieved when the issues are crime and fear of crime.

  • 315.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Transit crime amd sexual violence in cities: International evidence and prevention2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How cities are planned and designed has a major impact on individuals’ mobility and safety. If individuals feel unsafe in public transportation or on the way to it, they may avoid certain routes or particular times of the day. This is problematic, since research has also found that, in some cities, especially those in the Global South, a large percentage of women are "transit captives". Namely, they have relatively less access to non-public forms of transportation and are, therefore, especially reliant on public transport. This issue is important not only because it affects people’s safety but also because it influences the long-term sustainability of a city. In a sustainable city, safety guarantees the ability to move freely for everyone and provides a wider sense of place attachment.

    Transit Crime and Sexual Violence in Cities examines the evidence of victimization in transit environments in countries around the world, exploring individuals’ feelings of perceived safety or lack thereof and the necessary improvements that can make transit safer and, hence, cities more sustainable. The book’s contributions are grounded in theories at the crossroads of several disciplines such as environmental criminology, architecture and design, urban planning, geography, psychology, gender and LGBTQI studies, transportation, and law enforcement. International case studies include Los Angeles, Vancouver, Stockholm, London, Paris, São Paulo, Mexico City, Bogotá, Tokyo, Guangzho, Melbourne, and Lagos, among others.

  • 316.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Understanding the nature of outdoor rape2012In: Women, Crime and Criminal Justice Practice, Cambridge, UK, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What can we learn about women’s mobility and urban environments from cases of outdoor rape? Are there ‘typical places’ for rape? How do they look like? How do victims relate to the rape place? To what extent do these places relate to women´s overall fear of crime? These are some of the questions to be answered in the research project entitled “Putting women in their place: city environment and female mobility, lessons from cases of outdoor rapes” using cases of outdoor rapes in Stockholm, Sweden. The objective of the study is to two-fold. First, it contributes to better understanding of the urban environment and the spatial dynamics in which outdoor rapes take place. Second, it uncovers how crime place is recalled and perceived by the victim and by doing that, the study searches for insights on how victim’s immediate mobility pre and post rape relates to current patterns of women’s fear of crime in city environments. One of the novelties of this research is to incorporate accurate knowledge of places where one third of all rapes in Sweden take place. In this presentation we will focus on preliminary results of the study by discussing the nature of these places in relation to overall city environment.

  • 317.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Vandalism2015In: The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This entry presents the complexity of the term vandalism as an action and a criminal offence. It begins by defining vandalism from ancient Roman times to the internet era. Then, the motivation behind this damaging behavior is presented followed by a discussion of the typical sites and the temporal patterns of vandalism. Particular attention is given to the impact of vandalism on the quality of neighborhoods and on the housing market. This entry also reviews current interventions for tackling vandalism as well as some emerging future avenues for research.

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  • 318.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Women's transit safety: Making connections and defining future directions in research and practice2017In: Crime Prevention & Community Safety, ISSN 1460-3780, E-ISSN 1743-4629, Vol. 19, no 3-4, p. 276-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from a diverse range of examples, the guest editor aims to summarise and reflect upon the key material presented in this special issue. This 'afterword' to the special issue also highlights the key messages that emerge from the diverse research techniques and methodologies employed in the varied range of case studies, most of them small-scale studies. This final article identifies the unanswered questions and looks forward discussing future research agendas and policy recommendations that arise from this international and multidisciplinary take on women's victimisation and perceived safety in transit environments.

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  • 319.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Women’s victimisation and safety in transit environments: Introduction to the special Issue2017In: Crime Prevention and Community Safety volume, ISSN 1460-3780, Vol. 19, p. 163-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual harassment and other forms of sexual violence in public spaces are aneveryday occurrence for women and girls around the world....It happens onstreets, in and around public transportation, schools and workplaces, in publicsanitation facilities, parks.... This reality reduces women’s and girls’ freedomof movement. It reduces their ability to participate in school, work and publiclife. Although violence in the private domain is now widely recognized as ahuman rights violation, violence against women and girls, especially sexualharassment in public spaces, remains a largely neglected issue (UN Women2017).This special issue brings together eight articles that characterise women’svictimisation and safety in transit environments. Why a special issue devoted towomen’s transit safety? Victimisation in transit environments is gendered (Ceccato2013; Loukaitou-Sideris2004; Peters2013; Smith2008). Although men are moreoften crime victims on public transport than are women (Morgan and Smith2006),women declare being more fearful than men (Ceccato2013; Dyme ́n and Ceccato2012; Loukaitou-Sideris2015, 2016). Differences between male and femalevictimisation patterns are important because they may help crime preventionspecialists determine the types of measures that are most appropriate for preventingparticular crimes (Smith2008).

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  • 320.
    Ceccato, Vania A.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Preface2012In: The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear, Springer Netherlands, 2012, p. vii-viiiChapter in book (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Ceccato, Vania A
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Public Space and the Situational Conditions of Crime and Fear2015In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 69-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue explores the situational conditions of crime and perceived safety in public spaces. In this foreword, we first examine the concept of public space and then discuss how public spaces relate to crime and fear of crime. In the final session we introduce the different articles that compose the Special Issue, with contributions from Australia, Colombia, India, Sweden and the United States.

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  • 322.
    Ceccato, Vania A
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Elderly Victimization and Fear of Crime in Public Spaces2015In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 115-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon environmental criminology principles and fear of crime literature, this article investigates the types of outdoor places where most crimes against the elderly happen as well as the types of places most feared by them. The study employs an analysis of secondary data, crime mapping, fieldwork, and interviews with residents in a senior housing area in Stockholm, Sweden. Results show that most crime victims were exposed to theft, and all incidents took place in the environment close to the senior housing. Elderly perceived safety follows a “distance decay” from the residence, the safest places being the areas immediately outside the entrance of the senior housing, while the least safe are the deserted areas close to the petrol station. Findings also show that for those who are fairly mobile, the fact that they avoid some places does not necessarily mean their mobility is restricted, as previously expected, but it makes them walk farther.

  • 323.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Abraham, Jonatan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Lundqvist, Peter
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept People & Soc, Alnarp, Sweden..
    Crimes Against Animal Production: Exploring the use of Media Archives2021In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 384-404, article id 10575677211041915Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish media have revealed an increase in crimes against animal production (CAAP) in the last decade. We investigate the nature of such crimes (especially against mink, pig, and rabbit farms), with a focus on those crimes whose suspects are animal rights groups by utilizing data from media archives from 2009 to 2019. Newspaper articles show that while vandalism and trespassing are often committed against mink farms, property crimes occur more often against pig and rabbit farms. Because there are indications that crime suspects are not a homogeneous group and express different motivations to commit CAAP, a multipronged approach is needed to prevent CAAP. The use of newspaper articles from media archives has proven to be successful for obtaining a general perspective of CAAP, but it is limited for capturing crime incidence or for investigating CAAP spatiotemporal nature when using geographical information systems. The automated usage of digital media archives should be further explored and critically assessed in future research in criminology.

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  • 324.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    Center for Applied Economics, Agricultural and Environmental Research, Institute of Economics, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.
    Justus, Marcelo
    Center for Applied Economics, Agricultural and Environmental Research, Institute of Economics, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.
    Space-time dynamics of cargo theft: evidence from São Paulo, Brazil2023In: Journal of Transportation Security, ISSN 1938-7741, E-ISSN 1938-775XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to contribute to the growing literature on cargo theft by empirically testing four specific hypotheses of its causes – the space-time dynamics hypothesis, the economic attractiveness hypothesis, the social structure hypothesis, and the deterrence hypothesis. This study investigates the case of the economic core of one of the most severe regions regarding cargo theft worldwide – São Paulo state. As novelty in crime studies, we estimate Autorrregressive Distributed Lag models (ARDL). We found that the number of cargo thefts of a geographic area can be predicted by itself and that of neigbouring areas. This is an unprescendeted empirical evidence that cargo theft time series are autoregressive and cointegrated. Regarding economic attractiveness and social structure, the results are inconclusive. However, police activity reduces cargo theft in the large metropolitan area and inland municipalities of São Paulo state.

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  • 325.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ariel, Barak
    University of Cambridge, UK Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
    Ercin, Emrah
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment. Nacka Municipality, Sweden.
    Sampaio, Adriana
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Hazanov, Julia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Elfström, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Changing environments to promote safety in libraries2024In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate how changes in the environment of a library affect thesafety conditions of both visitors and staff. Using principles of Crime Prevention ThroughEnvironmental Design, crime and incidents of public disturbance from 2017 to 2020 from librariesin Stockholm, Sweden, are analyzed and later mapped using 3D models in CAD. These findings areinspected via fieldwork visits and then compared with answers from a safety survey with libraryvisitors (N=112) and interviews with library personnel (N=6). Analysis of variance shows thatcrime and incidents of public disturbance decrease after these interventions, with clear impactson their geography. A third of visitors indicate that there have been fewer problems after changes in the library are introduced while staff suggests that training prepares them to manage conflictsituations more efficiently. The study concludes with a critical assessment of the methodologyand makes suggestions to improve safety conditions in libraries.

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  • 326.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Armitage, Rachel
    Practical Challenges and New Research Frontiers in Retail Crime and Its Prevention2018In: Retail Crime: International Evidence and Prevention / [ed] Vania Ceccato and Rachel Armitage, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This final chapter is composed of four parts: a summary of the results, the cross-cutting common themes, the book limitations and a future research agenda linked to policy recommendations. This chapter first synthesises and critically reviews the key findings, identifying relevant challenges and lessons learnt by contributors that come from a variety of backgrounds. Then, it outlines the future research in retail crime and provides a number of suggestions for policy recommendations that are linked to different retail issues.

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  • 327.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Armitage, Rachel
    Retail Crime: Aim, Scope, Theoretical Framework and Definitions2018In: Retail crime: International Evidence and Prevention / [ed] Vania Ceccato and Rachel Armitage, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 328.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Armitage, Rachel
    Retail Crime: International Evidence and Prevention2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection provides an original and comprehensive take on retail crime and its prevention, by combining international data and multidisciplinary perspectives from criminologists, economists, geographers, police officers and other experts. Drawing on environmental criminology theory and situational crime prevention, it focusses on crime and safety in retail environments but also the interplay between individuals, products and settings such as stores, commercial streets and shopping malls, as well as the wider context of situational conditions of the supply chain in which crime occurs. Chapters offer state-of-the-art research on retail crime from a range of countries such as Australia, Brazil, Israel, Italy, Sweden, the UK and the USA. This methodological and well-researched study is devoted to both academics and practitioners from a variety of disciplines and backgrounds whose common interest is to prevent retail crime and overall retail loss.

    The chapters 'Crime in a Scandinavian Shopping Centre' and 'Perceived Safety in a Shopping Centre' are published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

  • 329.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Assiago, Yuma
    Chapter 23 - Responding to crime and fear in public places: Towards an agenda for researchand practice2020In: Crime and Fear in Public Places: Towards Safe, Inclusive and Sustainable Cities, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 433-440Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals as a reference, this chapter draws from all contributions to this volume to propose recommendations on how to respond to crime and fear of crime in public places and to set out a new research agenda. Then we outline a series of suggestions for how to address safety issues in public places through design and policies—first based on the contributions of the book and subsequently on the UN-Habitat Safer Cities program. 

     

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  • 330.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Attig, Stefan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Brott på tunnelbana 2009-20192020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie utvärderar vi den temporala och rumsliga karaktären för brott och händelser av allmän oordning som äger rum i tunnelbanestationer från december 2009 till februari 2019 med hjälp av data som samlats in av SL-tunnelbanesystemet. Vi granskar först litteraturen och föreslår ett konceptuellt ramverk för analys. Sedan introducerar vi Stockholms tunnelbanesystem som fallstudie följt av en beskrivning av studiens metodik. Rapporten presenterar sedan resultaten efter brottstyp, temporära och rumsliga mönster följt av en diskussion om resultaten och lärdomar. Förslag till framtida forskning och förslag gällande design och policy presenteras i rapportens avslutande avsnitt.

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  • 331.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Benson, Michael
    School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
    Tax evasion in Sweden 2002-2013: interpreting changes in the rot/rut deduction system and predicting future trends2016In: Crime, law and social change, ISSN 0925-4994, E-ISSN 1573-0751, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 217-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we report on the effects of recent changes in tax policy in Sweden as a case study of tax evasion. We use situational crime prevention principles and insights drawn from situational action theory to construct an analytical framework to assess how changes in tax policy affect individuals' and companies' motivations for tax evasion; first decreasing motivations and then increasing them. The analysis relies mostly on secondary data from reports published by the Swedish Tax Agency. We then make specific predictions regarding future trends in tax evasion. We analyse how buyers and providers of certain services that are taxed might be affected by changes in the tax deduction system and we predict that an increasing percentage of them will consider engaging in tax evasion. We conclude by discussing actions that the tax authorities might take to prevent increases in tax evasion.

  • 332.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ercin, Emrah
    Hazanov, Julia
    Elfström, Sara
    Sampaio, Adriana
    Safety in a public library: the perspective of visitors and staff2023In: Library Management, ISSN 0143-5124, E-ISSN 1758-7921, Vol. 44, no 3/4, p. 229-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – In this study, the authors report visitors’ and personnel’s safety experiences and concerns in orderto understand the safety conditions of a library.Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on answers from a small sample survey of libraryvisitors, interviews with the personnel and incidents recorded in a library in Stockholm the capital of Sweden.Findings – Dealing with visitors under influence of drugs/alcohol or feeling intimidated by groups of youngindividuals are examples of situations in which the staff feel most unsafe. Visitors declare witnessing problemsof public disturbance and disorderly conduct, fights and other types of aggression. Although the vast majorityof visitors declare feeling safe in the library, their perceptions vary according to the library’s environment andtheir individual characteristics, including their previous victimization.Practical implications – The study is novel because it indicates the importance of the environment to ensurethe safety conditions of the library for both visitors and staff. Finally, research on safety in libraries is oftenfrom North America and Western European contexts, while this study contributes to the internationalliterature by illustrating libraries in a Nordic European context.Social implications – The study indicates that more social control, both formal and informal, is at the top ofthe list of recommendations for visitors. Among personnel, recommendations include the need for cooperationwith other local actors to solve problems in surrounding areas as well as better education for librarians indealing with the current safety challenges of libraries as multifunctional public facilities.Originality/value – Combine 

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  • 333.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ercin, Emrah
    Nacka municipality, Sweden.
    Sampaio, Adriana
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Hazanov, Julia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Elfström, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Crime at micro-places in public libraries2023In: Security Journal, ISSN 0955-1662, E-ISSN 1743-4645Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public libraries are multifunctional places where visitors come to borrow books, usecomputers and socialise—all these activities impose a diverse set of safety demandson those responsible for these facilities. Drawing from environmental criminologyand CPTED principles, this study proposes and tests a conceptual model to investigate the spatiotemporal nature of crime and other safety-related incidents in publiclibraries. Incidents recorded by personnel from 2017 to 2020 from two public libraries in Stockholm, Sweden are mapped using a three-dimensional model in CAD andcompared with notes from feldwork inspections and interviews with library personnel. Findings show that staf feel safe in the library, but mention unsafe situationsthat they avoid by taking precautionary measures. In addition, public disturbances,aggression, followed by crimes against property and vandalism vary both temporallyand across diferent types of library environments. The design and layout of public libraries play a role in the libraries’ safety conditions (e.g. territoriality, surveillance opportunities), but some places are more challenging than others because ofthe activities they attract (e.g. entrances). The study concludes by critically assessing the proposed methodology and making suggestions to improve safety in publiclibraries and advance the role of place managers in multifunctional places.

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  • 334.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Falk, Örjan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Parsanezhad, Pouriya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Tarandi, Väino
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
    Crime in a Scandinavian Shopping Centre2018In: Retail crime / [ed] Vania Ceccato and Rachel Armitage, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, 1, p. 179-203Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    he aim of this chapter is to understand the nature of crime in space and time in a shopping centre and provide suggestions for safety improvements drawing from principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). The study makes use of data registered by the security companies and three-dimensional visualisation using BIM (Building information modelling) to detect areas that run higher risk of crime using a shopping centre in Stockholm Sweden. Based on an extensive fieldwork inspection, the study assesses whether and how spatial and temporal concentrations of crime relate to particular features of the shopping environment. Finally, the chapter indicates the types of environments that are most in need of safety intervention.

     

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  • 335.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gaudelet, Nathan
    Graf, Gabin
    Crime and safety in transit environments: A systematic review of the English and the French literature, 1970-20202022In: Public Transport, ISSN 1866-749X, E-ISSN 1613-7159, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 105-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews five decades of English and French literature on transit safety in several major databases, with the focus on Scopus and ScienceDirect. The review explores the nature and frequency of transit crime and passengers' safety perceptions in transport nodes and along the trip using bibliometric analysis and a systematic review of the literature. The number of retrieved documents was 3137, and 245 were selected for in-depth analysis. Transit safety as a research area took off after the mid-1990s and peaked after the 2010s. The body of research is dominated by the English-language literature (mostly large cities), with a focus on the safety of rail-bound environments and examples of interventions to improve actual and perceived safety for public transportation (PT) users. Highlighting the importance of transit environments along the whole trip, the article also helps advocate for more inclusion of passengers' safety needs and the involvement of multiple stakeholders in implementing PT policies.

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  • 336.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Guangquan, Li
    Haining, Robert
    The ecology of outdoor rape: The case of Stockholm, Sweden2018In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to report the results of an ecological study into the geography of rape in Stockholm, Sweden, using small area data. In order to test the importance of factors indicating opportunity, accessibility and anonymity to the understanding of the geography of rape, a two-stage modelling approach is implemented. First, the overall risk factors associated with the occurrence of rape are identified using a standard Poisson regression, then a local analysis using profile regression is performed. Findings from the whole-map analysis show that accessibility,

    opportunity and anonymity are all, to different degrees, important in explaining the overall

    geography of rape - examples of these risk factors are the presence of subway stations or whether

    a

    basområde is close to the city centre. The local analysis reveals two groupings of high risk of

    rape areas associated with a variety of risk factors:

    city centre areas with a concentration of alcohol

    outlets, high residential population turnover and high counts of robbery; and

    poor suburban areas

    with schools and large female residential populations where subway stations are located and where

    people express a high fear of crime. The article concludes by reflecting upon the importance of these results for future research as well as indicating the implications of these results for policy

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  • 337.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Infrastructure and Planning. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Infrastructure.
    Haining, Robert
    Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK.
    Short and medium term dynamics and their influence on acquisitive crime rates in the transition States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania2008In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, Vol. 1, p. 215-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1990s saw the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania change from centrally planned to more market oriented economies with associated societal transformations. Profound changes such as these create uncertainty and social instability that can lead to social problems including increased rates of crime and disorder. We report and comment upon Police recorded crime data that shows numbers of acquisitive and drug related crimes in the three states from 1993 to 2000. However the scale of economic change including the mediating effects of social institutions may vary from place to place within each state. Acquisitive crime is a phenomenon typical of urban or densely populated regions in the Baltic countries. Analysing regional variation in crime rates provides an opportunity to test whether negative socio-economic change impacts on rates for these crimes. Findings show weak evidence of the effect of social change on crime. Spatial statistical techniques and GIS (Geographical Information Systems) underpin the methodology employed.

  • 338.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Hansson, Magnus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Experiences from Assessing Safety in Vingis Park, Vilnius, Lithuania2013In: Review of European Studies, ISSN 1918-7173, E-ISSN 1918-7181, Vol. 5, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to suggest a multi-method approach for assessing safety in parks. The study is based on the analysis of police crime data combined with information from a safety walk and safety survey of park users. The framework is tested in an urban park, Vingis, in the inner city of Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania. Findings show that Vingis is perceived as a safe park, but, compared with police statistics, the survey and the safety walk provide a more nuanced diagnostic of safety in this green area. Vingis’ safety is compromised by car traffic and illicit parking practices, the park’s poor capacity to accommodate users’ needs (e.g. the elderly, parents with small children, young people) and the inadequate infrastructure for users at certain times, such as in the evenings and dark months of the year. Patterns of safety expressed by citizens of Vingis park do not differ from the ones found in parks elsewhere (both in relation to their physical and social environment), despite the recent transformations Vilnius, as the capital city, has overcome since the country’s independence. The article concludes with an assessment of the proposed framework and directions for research and intervention.

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  • 339.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ioannidis, Ioannis
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Using Remote Sensing Data in Urban Crime Analysis: A Systematic Review of English-Language Literature from 2003 to 20232024In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from environmental criminology principles, this article explores the existing literature to assess the utility of remote sensing data in detecting and analysing features in the urban environment that are associated with crime occurrence. A systematic review of the literature in the English language from 2003 until the first half of 2023 from two major databases, Scopus and Science Direct, is carried out. As many as 910 publications were selected, from which 36 publications satisfied the selection criteria. Findings show that neighborhood's design has a quantifiable imprint that is possible to be observed with very high spatial-resolution imagery. Given its high spatial and temporal resolution, remote sensing data can to different degrees support the identification of criminogenic features in urban environments (streets and roads, property boundaries, housing density, characteristics and density of vegetation as well as luminosity levels), but when it is used for the detection of potentially illegal activities, infringement of people's privacy and methods lacking validation still present serious concerns. The article concludes with a discussion of the opportunities and challenges of using remote sensing data in crime analysis.

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  • 340.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ioannidis, Ioannis
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gliori, Gabriel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cannabisbruk och langning i Stockholms län: Situationella mönster och samhällskonsekvenser2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att kartlägga de situationer där cannabisanvändning och överlåtelse skeri Stockholmsregionen. Vi undersöker också kopplingen mellan cannabisrelaterade brott ochsamhällskonsekvenser på lokal nivå, till exempel på bostadsmarknaden.Med hjälp av data från Polisregion Stockholms polisregister undersöker vi om brotten hadehögre sannolikhet att ske i särskilda stadsmiljöer. Dessutom rapporterar vi tidsmässiga ochrumsliga egenskaper av alla cannabisrelaterade brott i Stockholmsregionen (bruk, innehav ochhandel) med hjälp av registerdata från Polisens nationellt forensiskt centrum (NFC), som täckeråren 2019–2020. Studien utnyttjar geografiska informationssystem (GIS) och spatialaregressionsmodeller (i) för en bättre förståelse för geografin av cannabisrelaterade brott. Olikaoffentliga typer av markanvändning (t.ex. parker, transportknutpunkter och skolor) ställs ocksåi relation till cannabisrelaterade brott, efter att ha kontrollerat för demografiska,socioekonomiska och lokaliseringsbaserade faktorer. Vi avslutar rapporten med ett antal rekommendationer för både forskning och praktik. Eftersomcannabisinnehav och langning inte visar samma brottsgeografi, är det viktigt att komma ihågatt åtgärder behöver vara specifika för de olika brotten. När det gäller langning är en ökadnaturlig övervakning och tillsyn av de platser där brotten sker en viktig del av detcannabisförebyggande arbetet. Även platsansvariga, som hyresvärdar, skolpersonal ochstationspersonal, kan påverka såväl privata som offentliga miljöer där cannabisbrott sker.Tillgång och efterfrågan av cannabis finns alltså på olika platser, vilket är viktiga pusselbitarför brottsförebyggande arbete och bevakning. Långsiktiga satsningar på områden med högbrottslighet är också viktiga för att förebygga förfallspiralen, som annars förstärker de socialaproblemen som redan finns i dessa områden.

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  • 341.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ioannidis, Ioannis
    Magnusson, Mia-Maria
    Searching for Situational Patterns in Cannabis Dealing, Possession and Use in a Scandinavian Context2023In: International Criminology, ISSN 2662-9968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although cannabis is the most frequent illicit drug consumed in Sweden, little is known about the situations in which cannabis trade, possession and use occur. Following a recent strand of international research on the efect of recreational drugs on crime, this study uses a unique specially tailored database, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and regression models, to investigate the situational conditions of cannabis ofenses as they are detected in Stockholm, Sweden. Cannabis coincides with the location of drug markets initially delimited by the police but also extends over to locations far from the radar of the police, such as private residences (comfort places). Modeling results indicate that several land uses (convergent public places) have signifcant predictive value of the geography of cannabis ofenses after controlling for other neighborhood characteristics. The article fnishes by stating new research questions and making recommendations for practice.

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  • 342.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Säkraplatser Nätverket.
    Justus, Marcelo
    Center for Social, Urban and Regional Economics –Institute of Economics, University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil..
    Crime against trading: The case of cargo theft in São Paulo state, Brazil2017In: Retail crime: Evidence and Prevention / [ed] Ceccato, V. & Armitage, R., Springer , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to provide a general picture of cargo theft in Brazil, focusing on the nature of the crime and its temporal-spatial distribution in São Paulo, one of the most economically dynamic states of the country. The study makes use of multiple datasets from 2001 to 2016. Findings show signs that cargo theft has indirect connections with retail as most stolen goods are foods, drinks, electronics, tobacco and pharmaceuticals. Most incidents occur during weekdays when most retail and service establishments are operating. Although the São Paulo state capital shows the highest levels of cargo theft, it is in non-metropolitan areas that records of this offence are on the rise. Intra-state patterns show a convergence tendency of cargo theft levels over time between São Paulo’s metropolitan area and non-metropolitan municipalities. The chapter finalizes suggesting a research agenda to improve the understanding of the phenomenon and its prevention.

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  • 343.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kahn, Tulio
    Herrmann, Christopher
    Östlund, Anders
    Pandemic Restrictions and Spatiotemporal Crime Patterns in New York, São Paulo, and Stockholm2022In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, ISSN 1043-9862Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies are showing evidence of the effect of changes in routine activities due to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic on crime levels in many cities worldwide. This study evaluates the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on temporal and spatial patterns of crime in three major cities under very different national contexts. Each of the three countries and cities experienced different levels of pandemic restrictions and societal closure. The cities of New York (the United States), São Paulo (Brazil), and Stockholm (Sweden) were selected as cases. Temporal quantitative methods, spatial statistics techniques, and Geographical Information System (GIS) underlie the methodology used in this study. Findings show that there is a statistically significant break in the trend in crime levels after the stay-at-home orders were implemented in New York City, São Paulo, and Stockholm in the first months of 2020; the only exception was for murder. Such an impact varies by crime type and city context, but increases again after a few months, indicating how fast crime and criminals adapt. Residential burglary decreased, whereas nonresidential burglary increased overall. Changes in the levels and geography of vehicle thefts were observed, with an overall increase of significant cold spots but, in several cases, also solidification of existing crime concentrations in known crime attractors and in some deprived areas.

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  • 344.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Langefors, Linda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Traffic Research, CTR. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Economics and Finance.
    The impact of fear on young people’s mobility2021In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study makes use of a dataset recently collected among young people in Stockholm, Sweden (N = 1122), to investigate the impact of fear on young people?s mobility and precautionary behaviour, after controlling for previous victimization as well as situational characteristics of daily trips. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and logistic regression models underlie the methodology of the study. Previous victimization, especially for sexual crimes, triggers precautionary behaviour among young people using trains and the metro. Signs of poorly maintained transit environments also affect young riders? mobility patterns, as they state that they avoid particular stations or routes at particular times. Informed by principles of environmental criminology and the theory of fear of crime, the implications of the findings for both theory and practice are discussed.

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  • 345.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Langefors, Linda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Näsman, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
    Young people’s victimization and safety perceptions along the trip2021In: Nordic Journal of Criminology, ISSN 2578-983X, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 106-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to assess whether, how and why young people’s safety perceptions vary along the trip. Informed by principles of environmental criminology, this study makes use of a dataset recently collected among young riders of public transportation (1,122 university students) in Stockholm, Sweden. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and logistic regression models underlie the methodology of the study. Findings indicate that safety perceptions of young riders are affected by previous experience of sexual crimes but are not affected by overall victimization. More importantly, being exposed to high crime environments on the way to the metro significantly reduces young people’s safety perceptions (but not on the way to bus stops), especially for men. Drunk people tend to affect women’s safety perceptions, especially in bus systems. The article finishes by discussing the implications of the results for future research and helps advocate more inclusion of young people’s safety needs when implementing safety and transportation policies.

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  • 346.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Loukaitou-Sideris, A.
    Sexual Harassment in Transit Environments among College Students in the #MeToo Era: Reporting Evidence from Six Continents2020In: American Journal of Criminal Justice, ISSN 1066-2316, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 107-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluating patterns of sexual violence against young people across the world in the era of the #MeToo movement presents great opportunities for research and practice but also challenges. The aim of this article is to critically assess an internet-based methodology employed in a comparative study conducted with university students in 18 different cities, in six continents. While our main purpose is to examine the methodological aspects of this study, the article also presents briefly its major findings and discusses compiled recommendations to curb sexual violence in some of the most important transit systems in the world. Findings show that sexual violence in transit environments is a common occurrence globally, is highly underreported, and ranges considerably from one city to the other, and between gender groups. Lessons from this study suggest that it is crucial to use identical research tools and choose partners who can ensure that research tasks are undertaken on time, ethically, and with good care for the quality of data and the research process. To curb sexual violence on transit, actions tailored to local contexts are necessary, but as underreporting of harassment is prevalent in all contexts, one global need is initiatives that facilitate incident reporting.

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  • 347.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
    Fear of Sexual Harassment and Its Impact on Safety Perceptions in Transit Environments: A Global Perspective. Violence Against Women2021In: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports variation in safety perceptions in transit environments, based onsamples of university students in 18 cities on six continents who responded to anidentical 45-question survey (N= 13,323 university students). We explore potentiallinks between students’ fears and sexual victimization and conclude that sexualharassment affects their behavior and mobility. Student mobility was affected byavoidance strategies prompting some transit riders to travel at particular times, ontravel routes and settings that are deemed especially risky, or even avoiding usingtransit completely. Findings highlight the importance of city–country contexts fortransit safety.

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  • 348.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia
    Responding to sexual harrasssment in transit: Towards a research agenda and practice2020In: Transit Crime and Sexual Violence in Cities: International Evidence and Prevention / [ed] Vania Ceccato and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Routledge, 2020, firstChapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we draw from the results of the empirical work in the 18 case study cities to propose recommendations on how to respond to sexual harassment and sexual assault in transit environments. We first synthesize and critically review some of the key findings to set out a new research agenda, then outline a series of suggestions on how to address sexual harassment—first in each city, and subsequently as a global problem.

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  • 349.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lundqvist, Peter
    Abraham, Jonatan
    Göransson, Eva
    Alwall Svennefelt, Catharina
    The Nature of Fear Among Farmers Working with Animal Production2021In: International Criminology, ISSN 2662-9976Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we investigate the nature of fear among farmers working with animal production with particular focus on the impact of harassment and crimes linked to animal rights activism. The study is based on responses from 3815 animal farmers to a national survey in 2020 in Sweden. Cross-table analysis and logistic regression models underlie the methodology of the study. Findings show that three out of ten of those farmers feel afraid of being victimized by the actions of animal rights activists; the proportion is two-thirds among farmers with previous experience of victimization, and fear of victimization varies across Sweden and by type of activity. Perceived lack of support from the police, exacerbated by geographical isolation, are common determinants of farmers’ declared fear, particularly those whose families live on the farms and who have employees. While understanding the factors that affect farmers’ safety perceptions is important, the article ends by calling for further research on the ways by which fear of animal activism impacts farmers’ personal lives, those of their family and employees, and not least their livelihood.

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  • 350.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lundqvist, Peter
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Abraham, Jonatan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Göransson, Eva
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Svennefelt, Catharina Alwall
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Farmers, Victimization, and Animal Rights Activism in Sweden2022In: Professional Geographer, ISSN 0033-0124, E-ISSN 1467-9272, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conflicts between animal production and animal rights activism are becoming more common in a number of countries, including Sweden. Although most animal rights advocates would not consider committing a crime, there have been numerous accounts in which farmers have been victimized because they are animal producers. This study investigates the extent and characteristics of crimes committed against animal farmers and their families. The analysis is based on answers from a survey of 3,815 animal farmers in Sweden in 2020. Cross-table analysis, logistic regression models, and geographical information systems (GIS) underlie the methodology of the study. One in eight respondents declared being exposed to crimes because they are animal producers (from thefts, trespassing, sabotage, and threats to physical violence, most face-to-face but also online), but 60 percent of the victims never report to the police. Among nonvictims, half of the respondents knew someone who had been a victim of crime. Findings indicate that farmers’ victimization for theft or robbery show different motivations than those that are directed at them because they work with animal production. These findings highlight the importance of incorporating farmers’ safety needs into sustainable rural development policies.

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