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  • 301.
    Bigi, Alessandro
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Viral political communication and readability: An analysis of an Italian political blog2013Inngår i: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 209-217Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet is widely used by political parties to report events and to send messages to the voting population. Politicians used digital media (websites, blogs, bulletin boards/lists, and chat/instant messaging) in recent elections, together with traditional media (television, newspapers, rallies, etc.). Political blogs represent not only an additional communication channel but also an instrument for spreading editorial content and messages, virally infecting more traditional media channels. A key task for any political party or politician is to make the blog understandable and easy to read as a first step to ignite and spread the right viral effect. To reach this goal, writers must consider both their content and their target audience. This article measures the readability of the text of a political blog to provide insight on the effectiveness of viral communication using blogs. The Beppegrillo.it blog was analyzed from January 2005 to May 2012 and is a unique example of a political blog using a single official media. This blog switched in the period of the study from being a personal blog to a political blog. The posts were divided into two different phases: the former were intended to discuss political topics and were written by a not-yet-political contributor; the latter were posts written by an active politician. Content analysis using simple word and sentence counts for every year of posts was undertaken, along with a readability analysis using the Microsoft Word Spelling and Grammar function, and both the Gunning Fog Index and the Gulpease Index. The two different phases were compared to determine if any change occurred in readability, complexity of the text, and volume of communication. In this way, we can explore the differences in the communication techniques used in the political field unofficially and then officially. Finally, our findings indicate that levels of readability of communications, particularly among broad-based audiences, may be deteriorating significantly when the blog becomes a political one and the communication becomes more institutional.

  • 302.
    Bigi, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Bonera, M.
    Bal, A.
    Evaluating political party positioning over time: A proposed methodology2015Inngår i: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose a methodology in order to measure political positioning and constituent perception. Political leaders should be able to effectively define the distinctive characteristics of their political brand and to subsequently utilize the most appropriate mechanisms of communication to promote an accurate perception of political image in the market. The specific aim of this research is to explore interrelations between a political party's positioning in two different periods in order to discover possible discrepancies and changes over time. The official blog of a political party, containing both official communication and the people's feedback, represents a perfect place in which to observe the concepts and the values on which both the political brand identity and image are founded. Leximancer, a content analysis tool, was utilized to analyze communications between a political party leader and his or her constituents. Illustrating the methodology, the blog of Beppe Grillo, founder of the Movimento 5 Stelle is analyzed.

  • 303.
    Bigi, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Bonera, Michelle
    A Proposed Benchmark Analysis of the Connection Between Wine Production and Destination Perception2016Inngår i: REDISCOVERING THE ESSENTIALITY OF MARKETING, Springer, 2016, s. 963-968Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 304.
    Bigi, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Treen, Emily
    Bal, Anjali
    How customer and product orientations shape political brands2016Inngår i: Journal of Product & Brand Management, ISSN 1061-0421, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 365-372Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to present a theory of consumer and product orientation in the realm of political branding to illustrate how politicians can choose to position and present themselves to voters. It is evident that some politicians play an active role in shaping the beliefs and actions of their constituents, while others are more influenced by voter sentiment. The effectiveness of the political strategy is highly influenced by the market realities of the voting body in question. Design/methodology/approach - A dichotomy is presented to shed light on how consumer and product orientation might influence the way in which politicians choose to address the public. Specifically, four modified strategic orientation archetypes are presented and analyzed with particular focus on political brands and strategy. Findings - Product and consumer orientations have been shown to also be applicable to the strategic positioning of political brands. While it can be argued that no strategy is superior over another, careful consideration of the political environment in question and subsequent execution of an appropriate stance can be used to better manage the relationship between the electorate and politicians. Research limitations/implications - This study provides academics in this area with a comprehensive examination of strategic orientation literature in political contexts, and lays out a strong groundwork for future studies. In this burgeoning area of research, there are several opportunities for marketing and political strategy academics to dive deeper into the intricacies that drive politicians to adopt specific strategic orientations, and how these strategies evolve over time and in differing political environments. Practical implications - This analysis suggests that there are opportunities for political strategists to explore the relationship between the identified strategic orientations and political brands, and for political marketing scholars to investigate the modes of focus presented. Originality/value - This analysis provides better understanding of how politicians can influence voters and voters can influence political brands, and how the strategic orientation archetypes can be used to influence decisions about political strategy.

  • 305.
    BILICH, PAUL
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    A more efficient supply chain through categorization2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är det oerhört viktigt att hitta nya sätt att kunna förbättra sitt företag på och genom förbättringar öka lönsamheten. Ett förbättringsområde är företagets försörjningskedja som kan göras bättre genom effektivisering och att se över försörjningskedjans design vilket kan leda till ökad konkurrenskraft. Effektivisering av försörjningskedjan kan bland annat åstadkommas genom att införa kategoriseringsmodeller för att strukturera, prioritera och använda försörjningskedjans resurser optimalt.

    Målet med examensarbetet är att visa vad användandet av olika kategoriseringsmodeller kan bidra med, hur dessa modeller fungerar i verkligheten och hur de kan användas för att nå optimalt resultat.

    Fokusen för examensarbetet ligger på kategorisering när det kommer till företagets försörjningskedja och hur kategoriseringen av produkter och leverantörer kan påverka olika delar inom försörjningskedjan som lager, inköp, produkt/leverantör styrning, relationer och strategier. Uppdragsgivaren för detta examensarbete är Cykloteket som ska förändra och effektivisera deras försörjningskedja. Genom att bland annat införa ett centrallager istället för butikslager undersöks möjligheten att strukturera verksamheten för att förtydliga dagliga uppgifter som rör försörjningskedjan. Resultatet från examensarbetet tar upp lämpliga modeller för kategorisering, vad kategorisering bidrar med, rekommendationer hur produkter/ leverantörer bör klassificeras för en tydlig kategorisering och diskuterar vad som kan generaliseras från studien.

  • 306.
    BIN AKRAM, TALAL
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Post-Merger & Acquisition Profitability Analysis in the Swedish Newspaper Industry2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Different reasons can be found of firms’ involvement in merger and acquisitiondeals. These expanding the operational capacity, reducing costs of production, increasing sales, revenue and profits. This thesis analysis such impacts of merger and acquisitions on the Swedish newspaper industry using the financial data of more than 100 companies from 1990 to 2007. Using the difference-in- difference technique, the thesis found that the merger and acquisitions in the Swedish newspaper industry have no significant impact on operations and the profitability of the industry. The results of the model has important policy implications for the Swedish newspaper industry in particular and generally for the whole industry of the EU region.

  • 307.
    Bin Shams, Saad
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Innovation in Product launch Strategies by Technology Startups2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 308.
    BIRGERSSON, KRISTOFFER
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    GRANATH, PHILIP
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Improving Software-as-a-Service Sales by Managing the Knowledge of Change Agents: A Case Study of an IT-company in a Servitization Transition2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Servitization describes the trend amongst companies of supplementing tangible product offerings with services. A case in point is the cloud computing which represents a paradigm shift of servitization in the IT industry as it allows physical products to be delivered entirely remotely as a service. Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) constitutes a delivery business model of cloud computing which allows customers to access a supplier's application through a cloud infrastructure and is seen as a disruptive innovation. Despite the growing market for cloud computing services, the concept is claimed not to be very understood by many businesses. When transitioning from product-oriented to service-oriented value propositions, successful companies have for instance put efforts on the education of their sales personnel. Such employees could be seen as change agents whose goal is to influence the adoption decision making processes of the organization’s clients. Furthermore, as economies have become more knowledge-intensive, Knowledge management has become more critical. Previous research has put little attention to how Knowledge management relates to the diffusion rate of innovations. This study, therefore, explores how management of change agents' knowledge can facilitate the mediation of innovations. A case study was conducted of an IT company experiencing a servitization transition towards SaaS offerings to achieve the purpose of this study. The study is delimited to the diffusion of SaaS as an innovation within the financial industry in Sweden. 12 employees within the Case Company and six clients were interviewed regarding the subjects previously mentioned. The results suggest that the mediation of SaaS is done through personal communication, presentations, and distribution of sales material. The study has found that change agents need to be clear in their mediation efforts of SaaS solutions as the understanding of what SaaS includes sometimes differs between clients and suppliers. Furthermore, customers considered SaaS solutions for systems that they view as not being directly value-adding and for those systems they prefer standardization as it allows cost-efficiency. SaaS allows multi-tenant environments and is therefore suitable for standardized offerings, as standardization corresponds well to the business logic appropriate for a codification Knowledge Management strategy. The Case Company already conducts a codification strategy. However, the finding of this study suggests that they should strengthen it since a focused KM strategy is preferable to attain more of its benefits and to increase the organizational knowledge creation capabilities. Conducting a codification strategy is something they have good capabilities of pursuing and is suggested to facilitate the change agents' mediation of innovations. Sales material at the Case Company is identified as dependent on personal performance and standardizing the material would thereby ensure an even quality. Making a variety of standardized material easily accessible would further allow the change agents to select material with appropriate messages aimed at specific types of customers, which is important since the customers are found to have different preferences

  • 309.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management. Politecnico Di Milano, Italy.
    Be lean to be resilient: Setting capabilities for turbulent times2015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Businesses globally are challenged to innovate their operations strategies and practices towards tighter delivery times, better quality and cheaper prices to remain profitable in addition to managing unpredictable circumstances well in today’s turbulent business environment. They often have to deal with the apparent paradox of advancing efficiency-fostering approaches such as lean production, and enhancing operational resilience against unanticipated disruptions. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether and how practices in seemingly contradicting paradigms in operations management can be utilised to attain a better competitive position in the face of uncertainties.

    This thesis is comprised of ‘modules’ of studies designed to systematically address the three research questions. This was necessary due to the different maturity level of the concepts brought together. Predominantly qualitative mixed-method approach was used for the overall research with some quantitative analysis included. The critical incident technique, case study and Bayesian inference were used in the different studies (papers).

    Operational resilience is characterised in terms of five core functions: sense, build, reconfigure, re-enhance, and sustain (RQ1). Resilience is also operationalised using routine practices that are bundled into internal/external, proactive/reactive dimensions of capabilities that positively influence performance upon recovery from disruption. An analysis showing that lean practice bundles lead to better operational performance under high uncertainty context is also done in this thesis (RQ2). Finally, operational resilience (based on routine practices that form the core functions) was found to have stronger synergies than trade-off with lean (based on practice bundles) in times of turbulence (RQ3).

    This thesis extends the resource-based view to high uncertainty contexts through empirical evidence and shows that resilience (dynamic) capabilities can be built from practices that firms normally employ; the capabilities are sources of better performance and competitive advantages in turbulent business environments. The thesis contributes to the discussion on the paradox of lean and operational resilience based approaches in the same context; lean practices bundles lend themselves to synergy with resilience capabilities, and leverage competitive gains in turbulent times.

    Practically, findings of this thesis suggest that companies need not abandon their lean implementation to become more resilient. In fact, it shows that lean implementation should be extended to address value chain processes beyond the shop floor for integrative removal of wastes, while being able to flexibly mitigate disruptions.

  • 310.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Hållbar produktionsutveckling (ML).
    Bellgran, Monica
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Hållbar produktionsutveckling (ML).
    Feldmann, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Managing manufacturing footprint decisions for better sustainability2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 311.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Trucco, P.
    Fernandez Campos, P.
    Effectiveness of resilience capabilities in mitigating disruptions: leveraging on supply chain structural complexity2017Inngår i: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 22, nr 6, s. 506-521Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to investigate the influence of supply chain (SC) complexity on the effectiveness of resilience capabilities in mitigating SC disruptions. Hypotheses about direct and moderating influences of complexity on resilience capabilities and performance change after disruption are built and quantitatively tested. Design/methodology/approach: Partial least square-based structural equation modelling with formative constructs was used as an overall approach. Secondary data on SC disruptions, related performance change and resilience practices were collected from multiple sources through a predefined procedure. The collected data were systematically encoded prior to performing statistical analysis. Findings: SC structural complexity is found to have a significant positive relation with performance improvement after disruption, along with resilience capability; it also positively moderates the resilience–performance link. Research limitations/implications: The SC complexity factors the authors considered in this study do not include dynamic forms because of the nature of data collected. Future research may attempt to include and test whether the results of this study also hold when additional complexity parameters are taken into account. Practical implications: Managers are often trying to reduce SC complexity. This study implies that some level of complexity is beneficial also for a better recovery of operational performance affected because of disruption. Resilience capabilities become more effective when leveraged on complexity in the SC. Originality/value: This is the first study to empirically investigate the influence of SC complexity on the resilience–performance link.

  • 312.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Trucco, P.
    Kaulio, Matti
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    State-of-the-art review on operational resilience: Concept, scope and gaps2013Inngår i: Advances in production management systems: competitive manufacturing for innovative products and services, IFIP WG 5.7 international conference, APMS 2012 Rhodes, Greece, September 24-26, 2012, revised selected papers, Springer, 2013, nr PART 2, s. 273-280Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This state-of-the-art review analyses literature on resilience paradigm perspectives and conceptualizations in business and management. Attempts have been made to produce a definition that reflects on and attempts to resolve inconsistencies and pursue with the conception of operational resilience. Future research directions are indicated by arguing on the possible relationships among operational resilience and modern operations management paradigms like lean thinking in view of operational performance.

  • 313.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
    Trucco, Paolo
    Understanding dynamism and complexity factors in engineer-to-order and their influence on lean implementation strategy2016Inngår i: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 345-359Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Complexity and dynamism are considered intrinsic features of engineer-to-order (ETO) business environment; it is, therefore, important to understand and manage them better. Based on empirical investigation into two case companies, this paper expands the existing literature on how and why complexity and dynamism context factors constitute not only external business environment issues but also subfactors within the boundary of the firm. It argues that most of the subfactors for complexity and dynamism identified for repetitive manufacturing are relevant for the high uncertainty capital goods manufacturing ETO with some exceptions such as short product life cycle and technological turbulence. A framework of configuration (on implementation of lean practices), and moderation (on the lean-operations performance relation) forms of influence from dynamism and complexity is proposed. Further arguments to be verified in future large-scale research include: (1) dynamism bears challenges, and complexity provides opportunities to foster implementation of relevant lean practices in ETO, (2) both complexity and dynamism positively mediate better operations performance and enriched value from implemented lean practices.

  • 314.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management. Politecnico Di Milano.
    Trucco, Paolo
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Understanding dynamism and complexity factors in engineer-to-order and their influence on lean implementation strategyManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 315.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management. Politecnico Di Milano.
    Trucco, Paolo
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Kaulio, Matti
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Disentangling core functions of operational resilience: A critical review of extant literature2014Inngår i: International Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Resilience, ISSN 2052-8698, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 76-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study identifies and systematically reviews the literature on resilience in management research in order to characterise operational resilience. We argue that operational resilience provides an integrative view on different resilience perspectives in business (supply chain, business continuity, infrastructure, organisational, strategic). Using the resource-based view and particularly dynamic capabilities perspective as theoretical lenses, operational resilience is discussed in relation to the core business processes of an enterprise. Five core functions (sense, build, reconfigure, re-enhance, sustain) are identified from literature and discussed taking into account desired and undesired consequences of uncertainties. Moreover, operational resilience is operationalised using routines pertaining to the identified core functions. The proposed operational resilience core functions are further scrutinised using two case examples. Future research is suggested to validate the identified core functions and to use them for empirical analysis, including investigation of relationships with operations management paradigms such as lean thinking.

  • 316.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management. Politecnico Di Milano.
    Trucco, Paolo
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Kaulio, Matti
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Sustaining performance under operational turbulence: The role of lean in engineer-to-order companiesManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 317.
    Birkie, Seyoum Eshetu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Tillämpad maskinteknik (KTH Södertälje). Politecnico Di Milano, Italy.
    Trucco, Paolo
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Kaulio, Matti
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Sustaining performance under operational turbulence: the role of lean in engineer-to-order operations2017Inngår i: International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, ISSN 2040-4166, E-ISSN 2040-4174, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 457-481Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Many studies have found out that lean practices provide better performance in a stable business environment. However, there is limited information on how lean practices influence performance gains (defined in this paper as improvement and sustenance of performance) in uncertain (complex and dynamic) environment. This study investigates how the implementation of lean helps to sustain performance in such context.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study draws on an in-depth investigation of two capital goods manufacturing engineer-to-order (ETO) cases in which performance sustenance is discussed in relation to the extent, locus, and extensiveness of implemented lean practice bundles.

    Findings: Findings indicate that a higher extent of lean practices implementation, covering both shop floor and transactional processes increases the possibility of performance sustenance in ETO. Furthermore, coherent approach in the pre-, during-, and post-implementation phases of the lean change process are required to foster performance sustenance. Lean practices in ETO are modified to suit context change from repetitive manufacturing.

    Research limitations/implications: This study proposes performance sustenance as a performance measure in highly uncertain context, such as ETO, as a single reference cannot effectively measure performance improvements over diverse orders. From this perspective, appropriate lean implementation contributes to build capabilities for flexibly and proactively managing uncertain circumstances.

    Practical Implication: Even companies operating in highly uncertain (complex and dynamic) contexts may benefit of significant performance gains thanks to lean implementation. It can be achieved by a balanced implementation of practices at shop floor and transactional processes, and their mindful customisations.

    Originality/value: The study compares lean implementation in ETO with that of high-volume-low-variety systems established in literature. It qualitatively discusses how lean implementation as an overarching effort both in shop floor and transactional processes leads to a better sustenance of achieved performance improvements in shop floor under high uncertainty.

  • 318.
    BIÖRCK, DANIEL
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    THOMASSON, TOM
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Factors that Affect the Strategic Choice of Sales Channels: A Study of the Swedish Clothing Retail Industry2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The clothing retail industry has developed globally and is today one of the world’s largest industries. In recent years, Sweden has developed a competitive fashion industry, where the new trend in e-commerce is clear. Since e-commerce is a suitable strategy for rapid growth, it is especially important for managers to understand the impact e-commerce has on their businesses. To be able to have the ability to survive in the long-term industrial competitiveness, firms have to continuously improve their knowledge base about the factors that must be considered when choosing sales channels in the clothing retail industry.

    In this master thesis we have studied and analysed factors that must be considered when choosing sales channels. A literature review was done, where eleven initial factors that affect the choice of sales channels were identified. Thereafter, to conduct a comprehensive empirical study, we conducted eight case studies with semi-structured interviews with companies in the Swedish clothing retail industry, founded no longer than approximately a decade ago to cover the recent developments in the industry. The empirical study resulted in that six factors from the literature were reinforced and that four new factors were identified. These ten final factors were thereafter analysed from two main perspectives: company focus and consumer focus. Finally, the impact of the final factors on the three different sales channels; online, brick-and-mortar and retailing, was discussed. The ten final factors are: Marketing and Customer Loyalty, High Costs, Customer Behaviour, Outsourcing or Insourcing, Managerial Productivity, Intangibility and Tangibility, Fill a Gap, Customer Experience Control, Spread of Distribution and Type of Assortment. Our contribution to previous research is that this study has a more distinct company focus, and due to the development of e-commerce this study has captured the new characteristics of the industry.

  • 319.
    Bjerneling, Linda
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Åberg, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Funktionsentreprenad med helhetsåtagande:  – en studie av Norrortsleden2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Detta examensarbete är en utvärdering av arbetssätten i byggprojektet Norrortsleden

    och genomfördes på Trafikverket i Solna under hösten 2010 och början av 2011.

    Norrortsleden är en tvärförbindelse mellan E4 och E18 norr om Stockholm.

    Byggprojektet är två-delat där ena halvan genomfördes i en traditionell entreprenadform

    och den andra i en så kallad funktionsentreprenad med helhetsåtagande. Denna rapport

    fokuserar på den senare av dessa två. Examensarbetet ämnar finna, genom att använda

    Norrortsleden som exempel, vilka för- och nackdelar som funktionsentreprenad med

    helhetsåtagande för med sig. Detta görs utifrån tre olika aspekter: organisatoriskt,

    ekonomiskt och kvalitetsmässigt. För att åstadkomma detta har intervjuer med

    beställarorganisationen (Trafikverket) och entreprenören (NCC), ekonomiskkalkyl och

    en upplevelseenkät genomförts. Dessa har visat på ett antal positiva effekter med

    entreprenadformen men även på en del förbättringsområden. Entreprenadtypen har visat

    på förbättrat samarbete mellan beställare och entreprenör samt på stimulerande

    arbetssätt utan att kvaliteten blir lidande. Dock har det även visat sig att förvånansvärt få

    tekniska innovationer uppkommit och att entreprenadtypen kan ha en negativ inverkan

    på konkurrenssituationen i den svenska byggbranschen. Förutom detta, identifierades

    vilken typ av projekt som är lämpat för denna entreprenadtyp

  • 320.
    BJÖRK, JESSICA
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    HEDIN, HANNA
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    The management of supplier relationships for medium sized retail companies: a three-dimensionalsegmentation model2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Companies have limited human, financial and technical resources, which makes it crucial toallocate them in an efficient way in order to stay competitive in today's market. One way of doing this is to classify a company's suppliers into different categories, and differentiate the management of each supplier category. Previous studies within the field mostly focus on larger, manufacturing companies, and there is a lack of segmentation models suitable for retail firms. Further, existing literature on supplier relationship management fail on giving concrete actions on how to manage different types of suppliers. This study addresses this by extending the literature on supplier segmentation and supplier relationship management in the context of a medium sized retail company offering a diversified product portfolio. The study was performed as a case study on a Nordic retail company that produced both private label products and brand named products, where this study focused on its private label suppliers.

    The purpose of the study was to develop a supplier segmentation model for guidance in managing supplier relationships for retail companies with diversified product portfolios, and this was met by collecting both qualitative and quantitative data through interviews, workshops, structured questions and archival data. The main findings were a number of identified characteristics of the supplier base of the case company and the determination of different types of buyer-supplier relationships. This ultimately culminated into the empirical contributions of 1) a developed supplier segmentation model suitable for medium sized retail companies offering a diversified product portfolio, and 2) recommended actions on how to manage suppliers, corresponding to each segment in the model.

  • 321.
    Björklund, Jacob
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Corporate Strategy & Capital Structure: An analysis of their relationship within SMEs inthe Swedish manufacturing industry2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A company's need for an effective and suitable corporate strategy is higher than ever due tofierce and increasing competition in the current business landscape. In order for companies tofinance their chosen corporate strategy, as for instance conduct investments for growth, theyneed proper funding. Moreover, the capital structure defines and outlines a company’s availablemix of debt and equity. Financial theories and studies further conclude that it is paramount forcompanies to understand the relationship between the corporate strategy and the capital structurein order to remain competitive. However, the current amount of empirical studies that have beenconducted in this area is very limited. Therefore, this study has analysed and examined therelationship between the corporate strategy and the capital structure for small and medium-sizedenterprises (SMEs) in the Swedish manufacturing industry. Indeed, the purpose of the study is toexamine this relationship.

    The study has been executed by conducting five case studies where five different SMEs in theSwedish manufacturing industry have been analysed. The companies represent both familyownership as well as ownerships via external investors. The five case studies consisted of semistructuredinterviews with the CEO of each firm. A questionnaire was also provided to the fiverespondents, which enhanced the possibility to benchmark the results from the companies.

    The results of the study indicate that the relationship between the corporate strategy and thecapital structure differs depending on a company’s type of ownership. In conclusion, forexternally owned companies (e.g. owned by private equity companies), the corporate strategytends to drive the choice of capital structure. On the other hand, for companies owned by thefounding families, the relationship seems to be inverted where the capital structure rather drivesthe choice of corporate strategy.

  • 322.
    Björklund, Thelma
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Jonsson, Hedvig
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Financial Volatility and the Leverage Effect: A study of the Swedish Stock Exchange2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s financial markets, volatility is a fundamental concept in regards of the risk assessmentof assets and instruments. Financial volatility is commonly used to measure the quantitativeaspects of risk and is given a significant amount of attention in past literature and research. Theleverage effect refers to the well-established negative relationship between return and futurevolatility. The relation is usually explained by the increased leverage ratio that arises from a dropin the share price for a firm. A lower price means lower value of the equity and while the debtremains unchanged, the leverage ratio will rise. The leverage ratio affect how risky the equity isfrom an investor’s perspective, hence affects the volatility of the stock. This paper aims toanalyse whether the theory is applicable on the Swedish stock exchange and takes bothindividual stocks and the OMXS30-index into account. Further theories related to the model isacknowledged in order to enhance the analysis of the findings. The study is performed by aregression model where volatility, estimated through an EGARCH model, represents thedependent variable. Lagged return, together with a number of control variables, constitutes theexplanatory variables. The findings claims that the leverage effect is present for individual stocksbut can be rejected on the index level. Additionally, significant improvement was noticed when adynamic approach was added to the model. The conclusions drawn is that the Swedish stockexchange facilitates the leverage effect for individual firms but it is off-set by other theories suchas risk-return trade-off and volatility clustering for the index.

  • 323.
    Björklund, Thelma
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Jonsson, Hedvig
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Financial Volatility and the Leverage Effect on the Swedish Stock Exchange2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s financial markets, volatility is a fundamental concept in regards of the risk assessment of assets and instruments. Financial volatility is commonly used to measure the quantitative aspects of risk and is given a significant amount of attention in past literature and research. The leverage effect refers to the well-established negative relationship between return and future volatility. The relation is usually explained by the increased leverage ratio that arises from a drop in the share price for a firm. A lower price means lower value of the equity and while the debt remains unchanged, the leverage ratio will rise. The leverage ratio affect how risky the equity is from an investor’s perspective, hence affects the volatility of the stock. This paper aims to analyse whether the theory is applicable on the Swedish stock exchange and takes both individual stocks and the OMXS30-index into account. Further theories related to the model is acknowledged in order to enhance the analysis of the findings. The study is performed by a regression model where volatility, estimated through an EGARCH model, represents the dependent variable. Lagged return, together with a number of control variables, constitutes the explanatory variables. The findings claims that the leverage effect is present for individual stocks but can be rejected on the index level. Additionally, significant improvement was noticed when a dynamic approach was added to the model. The conclusions drawn is that the Swedish stock exchange facilitates the leverage effect for individual firms but it is off-set by other theories such as risk-return trade-off and volatility clustering for the index.

  • 324.
    BJÖRNDAHL, ÅSA
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    Incorporating end user needs in e-Servicedevelopment at project level2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte - Syftet med denna forskning är att främja förståelsen av hur slutanvändarbehov beaktas vid utformningen och genomförandet av offentliga e-tjänster.

    Metod - Forskningen genomfördes med en fallstudieapproach på Skatteverket, där fyra olika utvecklingsprojekt för e-tjänster undersöktes. Data samlades huvudsakligen in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer men även genom interna dokument och observationer.

    Resultat - Det används ingen enskild utvecklingsmetodik för att utveckla e-tjänster. Istället används flera olika metoder som i varierande omfattning lånar från Scrum eller andra agila metoder, samtidigt som metoderna styrs av ett underliggande sekventiellt tänk som liknar vattenfall-modellen. Vidare är det inte utvecklingsteamen som främst definierar eller fångar in slutanvändarbehov, utan teamen förlitar sig istället på projektexterna källor för detta. Det kan också konstateras att projekten i stor utsträckning inte utför någon systematisk uppföljning kring om slutanvändarnas behov har uppfyllts eller inte av den utvecklade e-tjänsten. Uppföljningen som görs är ofta informell eller endast muntlig och verkar vara hopslagen med att undersöka nya användarbehov och förbättringsområden.

    Bidrag – Det teoretiska bidraget omfattar bland annat att det visas att det finns flera sätt att utveckla e-tjänster på och att det i praktiken inte är en typ av utvecklingsmetod som följs utan snarare hybridmetoder. Luckor i teorin har också identifierats i form av vem som är tänkt att vara ansvarig för att upptäcka och definiera slutanvändarbehov samt vem som är i kontakt med slutanvändaren. En annan teoretisk lucka finns i hur uppföljning och utvärdering i ett e-tjänstutvecklingssammanhang bör utföras. Studiens empiriska bidrag betonar vikten av att involvera slutanvändare genom hela utvecklingsprocessen, behovet av att förtydliga ansvarsområden i och utanför utvecklingsteam och behovet av att införa systematiska uppföljningsprocesser om intresse finns av att mäta nyttan av människocentrerad utveckling.

  • 325.
    Blair, Amanda
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Atanasova, C.
    Pitt, L.
    Chan, A.
    Wallström, Å.
    Assessing brand equity in the luxury wine market by exploiting tastemaker scores2017Inngår i: Journal of Product & Brand Management, ISSN 1061-0421, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 447-452Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Calculating brand equity, the price differential that a branded product is able to charge compared to an unbranded equivalent, often suffers from a lack of a means to truly determine equivalence. Luxury wines have the benefit of an established measure of equivalency – the Parker score. Robert Parker’s influence as a tastemaker provides a point of comparison across brands. This study looks at brand equity of Bordeaux classified growth wines considering château brands, growths and vintages to illustrate the intangible value for the consumer. Design/methodology/approach: Using price and wine-specific data from Wine-Searcher.com, an online database and search engine, an initial sample of 393 wines with Parker scores ranging from 72 to 100 is presented. A subset of perfect wines, with 100-point Parker scores, is also reviewed focusing on the great vintage of 2009. Findings: The results indicate that brand equity in the luxury wine market exists. Not only is this true for the brand of a specific château, but there is also equity associated with the vintage and the growth. Practical implications: This offers practical implications for brand managers in positioning their wines. Originality/value: An analysis of luxury wines supports the financial perspective on brand equity, especially when there is a viable means of determining equivalence, such as the Parker score.

  • 326.
    Blair, Amanda
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Key, Thomas Martin
    Univ Colorado, Dept Mkt Strategy & Int Business, Colorado Springs, CO 80907 USA..
    Wilson, Matthew
    Cent Michigan Univ, Dept Mkt & Hospitality Serv Adm, Mt Pleasant, MI 48859 USA..
    Crowdsourcing to manage service gaps in service networks2019Inngår i: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 34, nr 7, s. 1497-1505Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to illustrate and conceptualize how crowdsourcing can be implemented as a potential means to address gaps in service quality within service networks and to provide guidance to marketing practitioners on the use of crowdsourcing within service networks. Design/methodology/approach This paper conceptualizes how crowdsourcing can be used to address service quality gaps in service networks and provides propositions regarding the effects of crowdsourcing on service quality gaps. Findings Conceptual paper with a literature review, suggested a model for service quality gaps in service networks and propositions regarding the effects of crowdsourcing to manage service quality gaps. Research limitations/implications - This research contributes to the literature on crowdsourcing by theorizing how crowdsourcing impacts service quality in service networks. Practical implications - Considerations for managers implementing crowdsourcing strategies and activities within service networks are provided. In particular, implications with regard to forming the crowd, developing the most appropriate approach and integrating value into the firm are discussed. Originality/value This paper offers an original contribution linking crowdsourcing to service quality.

  • 327.
    Bleijenbergh, Inge
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Holgersson, Charlotte
    Ryan, Irene
    Diversity, diversity management and identity in organizations2016Inngår i: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 2-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 328.
    Blidholm, Gustaf
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Johnson, Mathias
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    The adoption of distributed ledger technology in trade and export finance operations of Swedish banks2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Centralized data storage and reconciliation by trusted intermediaries has historically put financial systems in the hands of a single central parties. The emergence of bitcoin and blockchain, combined with the 2008 financial crisis, has shifted the Swedish financial sector’s traditional perspectives on democratization, centralization, transparency and automation. Trade and export finance is one of many sectors investigating how blockchain and distributed ledger technology can be used other than as a digital currency system. Swedish trade and export finance connects importers, exporters, banks, credit providers, customs, and transporters into a fragmented and complex process with many stakeholders. Sweden further has a history of quickly adopting technological innovations. Banks therefore face a dynamic environment and an inconsistent, manual operative process that removes profitability incentives in providing small enterprises with credit. The adoption of DLT could provide efficiency gains and cost savings in administration, communication, reconciliation and accounting. In this thesis, the costs, benefits, and remaining barriers of implementing distributed ledger technology in Swedish trade finance are identified. Further, Swedish contextual factors’ effect on the rate of adoption is addressed. The chosen methodology of deep interviews and thorough studying of literature provides an assessment of the potential transition dynamics, forming a foundation for future investment decisions. The conclusions drawn suggest that the main costs related to adoption lie in research and development and implementation. R&D costs for distributed ledgers in the Swedish financial sector during 2019 were approximated to USD 40 million. The main benefits of automation, efficiency and reduced level of complexity were concluded to likely outweigh the costs within approximately ten to twenty years. Experience will allow companies to optimize governance structures and consensus mechanisms, while learning to expose parts of networks into public space. The innovative, adaptive Swedish market environment presumably enables faster than average diffusion of innovation, while remaining barriers in cooperation, trust, interoperability and regulation may extend the adoption process

  • 329.
    Blom, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Kopplingen mellan Livscykelkostnader och Building Information Modelling2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har undersökt vilka möjligheter som skapas genom att använda Building

    Information Modelling (BIM) för Livscykelkostnadsanalyser (LCCA). Arbetet beskriver först

    LCCA och sedan hur BIM samt öppna standardiserade dataformat kan användas för LCCA

    och för kvalitetssäkring av data. Till sist visas hur ett verktyg som räknar ut LCC direkt från

    en byggnadsmodell kan utformas. Genom att kunna synliggöra konsekvenserna av olika

    lösningsalternativ och göra kvalitativa LCCA erhålls genomtänkta lösningar och medvetenhet

    om de framtida förvaltningskostnaderna. För en byggherre som också ansvarar för driften kan

    dessa alternativsvärderingar och analyser leda till betydligt lägre förvaltningskostnader. För

    Norska Statsbygg som idag förvaltar 2.6 miljoner kvadratmeter fördelat på 2300 byggnader

    innebär lägre förvaltningskostnader inte bara besparingar för dem utan även för hela det

    Norska samhället. Därför är LCCA ett viktigt beslutsunderlag för Statsbygg. För LCCA

    behövs verktyg som ger adekvata resultat och för detta ändamål är de senaste årens utveckling

    inom BIM intressant. Syftet med detta arbete var att först beskriva och analysera möjligheten

    att använda BIM för LCCA och sedan att visa hur ett LCC-verktyg kan utformas. Arbetet

    grundade sig enbart i kvalitativa arbetsmetoder genom intervjuer och direktmedverkan. I

    undersökningen har jag valt att intervjua anställda på Statsbygg för att få veta mer om LCC.

    De har varit drivande i utveckling av metoder och den norska standarden NS3454 sedan 1982,

    de är också en av Norges största byggherrar som även förvaltar sina byggnader och LCCA får

    därför stor betydelse. Jag har också valt att fokusera på renhållning som är en av posterna i

    den norska standarden NS3454 för LCCA. Renhållning valdes eftersom det är den största

    kostnaden under förvaltningsfasen. Kunskaper om BIM erhölls genom direktmedverkan hos

    Jotne EPM-Technology i Oslo som har arbetat med öppna standardiserade dataformat och

    BIM sedan 1985. Som en del av deras utvecklingsmiljö arbetades det fram ett verktyg för

    beräkning av framtida renhållningskostnader. Slutsatsen i arbetet är att genom användning av

    BIM för LCCA kan det erhållas bättre kvalitet i den slutliga produkten genom fler möjligheter

    för optioneering och kvalitetskontroller. Dessutom kan det ge mer adekvata LCCA genom

    Master Data Management och möjligheten att planera mer i detalj. För att dessa fördelar ska

    kunna bli verklighet behöver det utvecklas fler verktyg för både förvaltning och LCCA. Det

    behöver också utvecklas fler kunskapsdatabaser för LCC, underhåll, energi samt rengöring.

    All utveckling bör dessutom basera sig på öppna standardiserade dataformat.

  • 330.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Applying a service management oriented typology on public official employment-statistic2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 331.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Designing the Innovation-inspired Manager2011Inngår i: The Design-Inspired Innovation Workbook / [ed] Bengt-Arne Vedin, London: World Scientific, 2011, s. 277-334Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 332.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    From Deregulation to change management: A former railroad monopolist learning to live in a new market setting2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to analyze the way top management acted in order to adapt a former railroad monopolist to a new deregulated environment and by that decreasing the amounts of employees with 75 % as well as developing a new corporate strategy. In particular, focus is placed on analyzing how top management acted in order to support the learning needed internally to create acceptance of the fundamental changes of both corporate strategy and structure. The approach used is an investigation on the consistency between the content of change, the context for it as well as the process of change ‐ by using an in‐depth case study. There are few in‐depth case studies on how top management acts in order to support change, particularly in terms of creating learning even though the topic as such have been addressed for several decades. The numbers of failures in change initiatives are severe and over the last twenty years or so, many problems have been raised within this field of research. Several of them boil down to the importance of creating internal understanding for the change needed. This case study show that consistency between actions taken by top management and the content and context of change appeared and is likely to be one major reason why this change process can be considered as successful.

  • 333.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Gaining competitive advantages connecting Manufacturing- and R&D-Outsourcing2010Inngår i: International Association for Management of Technology IAMOT 2010 Proceedings, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 334.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Industrial Patterns in Deregulated Industries : When national common services become international service companies2006 (oppl. 219)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 335.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Interpreting a case of outsourcing shift-gears in the carindustry using different theorys simultaneously2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper bring forward a methodology that makes it possible to handle different theoretical models simultaneously when analyzing cases of outsourcing - without ending up with contradictory conclusions. The approach used in the paper is a development of a framework, the analysis of three commonly used models (The Make-or-buy model, the Network approach, and Industrial strategy) and a case study where outsourcing of shift-gears in the car industry is analyzed. The paper addresses the basic need to clarify the fundamental assumptions embedded in theories applied on outsourcing. It also clarifies hands-on how the suggested methodology can be used.

  • 336.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Management of R&D in telecommunication after global deregulation2010Inngår i: International Association for Management of Technology IAMOT 2010 Proceedings, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 337.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Managing Innovation and implementing New Design Tools and Methods2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this conceptual paper a management-perspective towards the field of innovation is addressed. Important basic aspects towards the paradoxes embedded in the field are investigated. On one hand we are asking for innovations and on the other hand we can observe the difficulty of introducing new methods and tools to the field – for instance the adaptation of design models. Professionals often continue working the same way as previously. In the article it is claimed that this is related to our basic education and the “tool-box” we learn early in life, gradually becoming professionals. A profound comprehension of what mental models underlie the actions of the different kind of engineers managers have to “manage” is useful if management aims at facilitating an innovative and creative management culture. If introducing new design tools and methods this ought to be considered, as well as handled, by managers.

  • 338.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Om vår förmåga att hantera strukturförändringar2005Inngår i: Perspektiv på Teknikens Omvärld / [ed] Palme Joakim, Institutet för FramtidsStudier , 2005Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 339.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Real Active learning in big numbers: Exploring the case of training 23 000 employees at the airline company SAS2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 340.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    REAL ACTIVE LEARNING IN BIG NUMBERS: TRAINING 23,000 EMPLOYEES AT SCANDINAVIAN AIRLINES (SAS)2012Inngår i: International Journal of Case Method Research & Application, ISSN 1554-7752, Vol. XXIV, nr 4, s. 250-260Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the field of new learning methods has previously shown the pedagogical value of participants being active and doing hands-on exercises, as well as having a close teacher interaction. From a pedagogical point of view, case-based learning methods are often preferred. However, in practice, case-based methods are often difficult to scale up. Therefore, these methods are not often applied when many participants are involved in a learning environment. This article explores the possibility of creating “real active learning” with large numbers of participants. A case where 23,000 employees at SAS, Scandinavian Airlines, participated in a large-scale learning event is analyzed. The paper concludes that well-prepared learning processes can support “real active learning” with large numbers of participants. The case shows that the difficulty of scaling up, a problem often assumed to be an obstacle for the use of case-based learning, can be overcome.

  • 341.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Strukturerat tjänstearbete och lite till : Wal-Mart en modern handbok för nutida strukturomvandling2008Inngår i: Då förändras Sverige: 25 Experter beskriver Drivkrafter bakom Utvecklingen / [ed] Eric Giertz, Studentlitteratur, 2008, s. 389-404Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 342.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Så jobbar Sverige2007 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 343.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Understanding Industrial Change through new ways of representing Industrial Employment Statistics2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a new way of using industrial employment statistics in order to understand major industrial changes will be shown. The case used in order to present this method will be the country of Sweden and a new way of representing official employment‐data. In the case the whole (and not parts) of Sweden’s employment‐changes will be analyzed in categories where NACE‐codes (in Swedish terms: SNI‐codes) will be divided at a five‐figure‐level and a new pattern of branches/sectors will be developed. The employment‐development of these branches will be presented and analyzed with a graphical representation using Adobe Flash interactive software. The presentations shows a whole pattern where changes of specific branches can be analyzed together and compared to other branches in order to describe and understand why major changes occur. This representation makes it possible to analyze Sweden’s industrial transformation during the last 15 years – as a whole.

  • 344.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Why Production is not an internal Affair1996Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 345.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Amini, Mehdi
    University of Memphis.
    Salehi-Sangari, Esmail
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    Jonsson, Peder
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Levihn, Fabian
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell dynamik.
    Corporate strategic adaptability to climate change: An explorative study on 1000 European Annual CEO letters 2000 - 20082010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The executive leadership vision is vital in corporate-wide development and implementation of a corporate strategy. The vision on climate change, among other strategic issues, is expressed in annual CEO letters. This study applies a content analysis approach to review 1000 annual reports from European publicly‐traded companies published in years 2000 through 2008. The content analysis of the CEO letters indicate that: (a) corporate interest in the climate change was nearly nonexistent prior to 2004; (b) the greatest interest in the issues was shown in 2007, but since then interest has declined; and (c) meanwhile interest in external economic conditions doubled in 2008 compared to 2006. In summary, our findings raise questions as to whether corporate interest in climate change issues already has peaked, even as well adapted by industry as can be reasonably expected, or if environmental interest will rise again after the current global financial crisis is over.

  • 346.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Aniander, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Handberg, Leif
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC).
    Investigating a new production Technology – the case of digital printing1997Inngår i: Journal of Prepress & Printing Technology, Vol. SeptArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 347.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Giertz, Eric
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Tillväxt och Lönebildning : Om löne- och anställningsvillkoren på tjänstesamhällets nya arbetsmarknader2000Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 348.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap (Stängd 20130101).
    Jerbrant, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Avd.) (stängd 20130101).
    Uppvall, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Avd.) (stängd 20130101).
    Educating the new Engineer and Retargeting the Engineering Curriculum for the future Industrial Landscape2011Inngår i: INTED2011 Proceedings, 2011, s. 1145-1152Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As the former U.S. Secretary of Education expressed it: “We are currently preparing students for jobs and technologies that done yet exist…in order to solve problems we don’t know are problems yet”. This implies a need for Engineering Education to adapt to the fact that the nature of work is changing. This paper discuss how a retargeted Engineering Curriculum can be defined with the help of future pictures of industry. By presenting a different categorization of labor employment statistics new pictures of industry future can be predicted usable when developing the new Engineering Curriculum.

  • 349.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap.
    Jonsson, Peder
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    KTH.
    Getting back to scenario planning: Strategic action in the future of Energy Europe2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scenario planning is a commonly used method in order to analyse complex aspects of the energy system. Historically it has been an important tool to prepare for long-term action. Today however, due to the deregulated market, it could be assumed that scenario analysis is abandoned. Maybe more (the only) attention is on short-term action.This paper presents a review over the time period of 1970 to 2010 on scenario-planning articles. The overall purpose is to evaluate how historical scenario studies stand in a situation of today’s deregulated energy markets.Articles surveyed are published in well-respected and internationally well-spread peer-reviewed journals. Focus is put on 1, when, and by whom, articles have been published 2, for what reasons projects have been taken and with what method 3, what aspect that have been in focus. The articles are also analysed in terms of possible use in today’s deregulated situation.Three conclusions are drawn. Firstly, the main use of scenario planning still tends to be a support to political processes. Secondly, three major issues and drivers for change dominate when different aspects of the energy system are analysed in scenario projects: climate change, security in terms of demand/supply and economic development. Thirdly, it is concluded that scenario planning still tend to be of value when analysing the future of the deregulated energy sector in Europe.However, in order to be fully utilized for the future scenario methodology must take into account that energy industry actors are not being controlled by politics as they where during the regulated period.

  • 350.
    Blomgren, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Affärsutveckling och Entreprenörskap (Stängd 20130101).
    Jonsson, Peder
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Levihn, Fabian
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    The corporate interest in climate change issues: Analysing 1000 annual reports in European public listed companies covering the period 2000 - 20082009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
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