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  • 301. Aad, G.
    et al.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Transverse momentum, rapidity, and centrality dependence of inclusive charged-particle production in sNN=5.02 TeV p + Pb collisions measured by the ATLAS experiment2016Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 763, s. 313-336Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of the per-event charged-particle yield as a function of the charged-particle transverse momentum and rapidity are performed using p+Pb collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of sNN=5.02TeV. Charged particles are reconstructed over pseudorapidity |η|<2.3 and transverse momentum between 0.1 GeV and 22 GeV in a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1 μb−1. The results are presented in the form of charged-particle nuclear modification factors, where the p+Pb charged-particle multiplicities are compared between central and peripheral p+Pb collisions as well as to charged-particle cross sections measured in pp collisions. The p+Pb collision centrality is characterized by the total transverse energy measured in −4.9<η<−3.1, which is in the direction of the outgoing lead beam. Three different estimations of the number of nucleons participating in the p+Pb collision are carried out using the Glauber model and two Glauber–Gribov colour-fluctuation extensions to the Glauber model. The values of the nuclear modification factors are found to vary significantly as a function of rapidity and transverse momentum. A broad peak is observed for all centralities and rapidities in the nuclear modification factors for charged-particle transverse momentum values around 3 GeV. The magnitude of the peak increases for more central collisions as well as rapidity ranges closer to the direction of the outgoing lead nucleus.

  • 302. Angerami, A
    et al.
    Kastanas, Konstatinos A.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Measurements of photo-nuclear jet production in Pb plus Pb collisions with ATLAS2017Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 967, s. 277-280Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultra-peripheral heavy ion collisions provide a unique opportunity to study the parton distributions in the colliding nuclei via the measurement of photo-nuclear jet production. An analysis of jet production in ultra-peripheral Pb+Pb collisions at root S-NN = 5.02 TeV performed using data collected with the ATLAS detector in 2015 is described. The data set corresponds to a total Pb+Pb integrated luminosity of 0.38 nb(-1). The ultra-peripheral collisions are selected using a combination of forward neutron and rapidity gap requirements. The cross-sections, not unfolded for detector response, are compared to results from PYTHIA Monte Carlo simulations re-weighted to match a photon spectrum obtained from the STARLIGHT model. Qualitative agreement between data and these simulations is observed over a broad kinematic range suggesting that using these collisions to measure nuclear parton distributions is experimentally realisable.

  • 303.
    Balek, Petr
    et al.
    Weizmann Inst Sci, Fac Phys, Dept Particle Phys & Astrophys, 234 Herzl St, IL-76100 Rehovot, Israel..
    Balek, P.
    Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Particle Phys, Rehovot, Israel..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Charged-hadron suppression in Pb plus Pb and Xe plus Xe collisions measured with the ATLAS detector2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 571-574Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ATLAS detector at the LHC recorded 0.49 nb(-1) of Pb+Pb collisions and 25 of pp(-1) collisions, both at the center-of-mass energy 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair. Recently, ATLAS also recorded 30 mu b(-1) of Xe+Xe collisions at the center-of-mass energy 5.44 TeV, which provides a new opportunity to study the system-size dependence of the charged-hadron production in heavy-ion collisions. The large acceptance of the ATLAS detector allows to measure the spectra of charged hadrons in a wide range of pseudorapidity and transverse momentum. The nuclear modification factors R-AA are constructed as a ratio of the spectra measured in Pb+Pb or Xe+Xe collisions to that measured in pp collisions. The R-AA obtained in the two systems are presented for different centrality intervals and the results are discussed.

  • 304.
    Bold, Tomasz
    et al.
    AGH Univ Sci & Technol, Krakow, Poland..
    Bold, T.
    AGH Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Phys & Appl Comp Sci, Krakow, Poland..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and 5.44 TeV Xe+Xe collisions with ATLAS2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 391-394Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The data collected by the ATLAS experiment during the 2015 Pb+Pb and 2017 Xe+Xe LHC runs offer new opportunities to study charged particle azimuthal anisotropy. The high-statistics Pb+Pb sample allows for a detailed study of the azimuthal anisotropy of produced particles. This should improve the understanding of initial conditions of nuclear collisions, hydrodynamical behavior of quark-gluon plasma and parton energy loss. New ATLAS measurements of differential and global Fourier harmonics of charged particles (v(n)) in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and 5.44 TeV Xe+Xe collisions in a wide range of transverse momenta, pseudorapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.5) and collision centrality are presented. The higher order harmonics, sensitive to fluctuations in the initial state, are measured up to n = 7 using the two-particle correlation, cumulant and scalar product methods. The dynamic properties of QGP are studied using a recently-proposed modified Pearson's correlation coefficient, rho(v(n)(2), p(T)), between the event-wise mean transverse momentum and the magnitude of the flow vector in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and p+Pb collisions. Several important observations are made. The elliptic and triangular flow harmonics show an interesting universal p(T)-scaling. A linear correlation between the v(2) and v(3) coefficients at low and high p(T) ranges is observed and quantified. The correlation coefficient for v(2) is found to be negative in peripheral and positive in central Pb+Pb collisions. The value for v(3) is found to be much smaller than for v(2) and have similar centrality behavior as the v(2).

  • 305.
    Citron, Zvi
    et al.
    Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Electroweak probes of small and large systems with the ATLAS detector2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 603-606Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of isolated prompt photon and massive electroweak (W and Z) boson production in different collision systems are of great interest to understand the partonic structure of heavy nuclei, and serve as a constraint on the initial state in larger collision systems. These channels are sensitive to a variety of effects such as the modification of the parton densities in nuclei in certain kinematic regions, and the energy loss of partons as they undergo multiple interactions in the nucleus before the hard parton-parton scattering. High-statistics samples of lead-lead and proton-lead collision data at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV and 8.16 TeV, respectively, taken by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, as well as proton-proton comparison data at analogous collision energies, allow for a detailed study of these phenomena in data and comprehensive comparisons to the predictions of a variety of theoretical approaches. This paper presents the latest ATLAS results in these topics, including updated results on inclusive prompt photon production in proton-lead collisions over a broad kinematic range and high-precision W boson results in lead lead collisions.

  • 306.
    Derendarz, Dominik
    et al.
    PAS, Inst Nucl Phys, Ul Radzikowskiego 152, PL-31342 Krakow, Poland..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Measurement of the flow harmonic correlations in pp, p plus Pb and low multiplicity Pb plus Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 479-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent measurements of the correlations between flow harmonics obtained using four-particle symmetric cumulants and three-particle asymmetric cumulants with the ATLAS detector at the LHC are described. The data sets of pp, p+Pb and peripheral Pb+Pb collisions at various energies are analyzed, aiming to probe the long-range collective nature of multi-particle production in small systems. The sensitivity of the standard cumulant method to non-flow correlations is investigated by introducing the subevents method. A systematic reduction of non-flow effects is observed when using the two-subevent method. Further reduction is observed with the three-subevent method that is consistent with the results obtained with the four-subevent one. A negative correlation between v(2) and v(3) and a positive correlation between v(2) and v(4), for all studied collision systems and over full multiplicity range, is observed. The correlation strength computed as symmetric cumulants normalized by the < v(n)(2)> is similar for all collision systems and weakly depends on multiplicity. These measurements provide new evidence for long-range multi-particle collectivity in small collision systems and quantify the nature of its event-by-event fluctuations.

  • 307.
    Grabowska-Bold, Iwona
    et al.
    AGH Univ Sci & Technol, Krakow, Poland..
    Grabowska-Bold, I
    AGH Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Phys & Appl Comp Sci, Krakow, Poland..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Highlights from the ATLAS experiment2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 8-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides an overview of the new results obtained by the ATLAS Collaboration at the LHC, which were presented at the Quark Matter 2018 conference. These measurements were covered in 12 parallel talks, one flash talk and 11 posters. In this document, a discussion of results is grouped into four areas: electromagnetic interactions, jet quenching, quarkonia and heavy-flavour production, and collectivity in small and larger systems. Measurements from the xenon-xenon collisions based on a short run collected in October 2017 are reported for the first time.

  • 308.
    Hu, Qipeng
    et al.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA..
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Measurement of heavy flavor production and azimuthal anisotropy in small and large systems with ATLAS2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 687-690Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Heavy-flavor hadron production and collective motion in A+A collisions provide insight into the energy loss mechanism and transport properties of heavy quarks in the QGP. The same measurements in p+A collisions serve as an important baseline for understanding the observations in A+A collisions. For example, detailed studies of heavy-flavor hadron azimuthal anisotropy in p+A collisions may help to address whether the observed long-range "ridge" correlation arises from hard or semi-hard processes, or if it is the result of mechanisms unrelated to the initial hardness scale. These proceedings summarize heavy-flavor hadron production, via their semi-leptonic decay to muons in 2.76 TeV Pb+Pb and pp collisions, non-prompt J/psi in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and pp collisions, and prompt D-0 mesons in 8.16 TeV p+Pb collisions using ATLAS detector at the LHC. Azimuthal anisotropy of heavy-flavor hadrons is studied via their decay muons in 2.76 TeV Pb+Pb and 8.16 TeV p+Pb collisions, and via non-prompt J/psi in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collisions. Strong suppression of heavy-flavor hadron production and azimuthal anisotropy are observed in Pb+Pb collisions, while significant azimuthal anisotropy of heavy-flavor muons is observed in p+Pb collisions, without evidence of the modification of their production rates.

  • 309. Jackson, P. D.
    et al.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Search for charged Higgs bosons produced in association with a top quark and decaying via H± → τν using pp collision data recorded at s=13 TeV by the ATLAS detector2016Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 759, s. 555-574Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 310. Jia, J Y
    et al.
    Kastanas, Konstatinos A.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    et al.,
    Heavy Ion Results from ATLAS2017Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 967, s. 51-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    These proceedings provide an overview of the new results obtained with the ATLAS detector at the LHC, which were presented in the Quark Matter 2017 conference. These results were covered by twelve parallel talks, one flash talk and eleven posters. These proceedings group these results into five areas: initial state, jet quenching, quarkonium production, longitudinal flow dynamics, and collectivity in small systems.

  • 311.
    Perepelitsa, Dennis, V
    et al.
    Univ Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Photon-tagged measurements of jet quenching with ATLAS2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 595-598Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Events containing a high transverse momentum (p(T)) prompt photon offer a useful way to study the dynamics of the hot, dense medium produced in heavy ion collisions. Because photons do not carry color charge, they are unaffected by the medium, and thus provide information about the momentum, direction, and flavor (quark or gluon) of the associated hard-scattered parton before it begins to shower and become quenched. In particular, the presence of a high-p(T) photon can be used to select pp and Pb+Pb events with the same configuration before quenching, limiting the effects of quenching-induced selection biases present in other jet measurements. The large statistics pp and Pb+Pb data delivered by the LHC in 2015 allow for a detailed study of photon-tagged jet quenching effects, such as the overall parton energy loss and modified structure of the component of the shower which remains correlated with the initial parton direction (e.g. in cone). In this proceeding, photon-tagged measurements of jet quenching by ATLAS are reported.

  • 312.
    Puri, Akshat
    et al.
    Univ Illinois, Champaign, IL 61820 USA..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Measurement of angular and momentum distributions of charged particles within and around jets in Pb plus Pb and pp collisions at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV with ATLAS at the LHC2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 177-179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of the fragmentation of jets into charged particles in heavy-ion collisions can help in understanding the mechanism of jet quenching by the hot and dense QCD matter created in such collisions, the quark-gluon plasma. These proceedings present a measurement of the angular distribution of charged particles around the jet axis in root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and pp collisions, done using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The measurement is performed inside jets reconstructed with the anti-k(t) algorithm with radius parameter R = 0.4, and is extended to regions outside the jet cone. Results are presented as a function of Pb+Pb collision centrality, and both jet and charged-particle transverse momenta.

  • 313.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Measurements of the Standard Model Higgs boson cross sections in the WW* decay mode with the ATLAS experiment2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis summarises measurements of the Standard Model Higgs boson production cross sections based on proton–proton collision data at √s = 13 TeV produced by the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. By analysing data collected during 2015 and 2016 by the ATLAS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 fb−1, the Higgs boson gluon–gluon fusion and vector boson fusion production cross sections are measured in the WW* decay mode. To obtain a high signal to background ratio, the data is filtered for final states with one electron (positron) and one anti-muon (muon) and missing transverse momentum. A major part of the thesis concerns the estimation of backgrounds with misidentified leptons. These backgrounds originate from the production of a W boson and an associated object mistakenly identified as an (anti-)electron or (anti-)muon, and are estimated with data driven techniques. A maximum likelihood fit is performed and the cross sections times branching ratios are simultaneously measured to be σ ·B = 12.6+2.3/-2.1 pb and σ ·B = 0.50+0.30/-0.29 pb for the gluon–gluon fusion and vector boson fusion modes, respectively. Both systematic and statistical uncertainties are taken into account in the confidence intervals. The corresponding Standard Model predictions are 10.4 ± 0.6 pb and 0.81 ± 0.02 pb. The observed (expected) significance of the gluon–gluon fusion mode is 6.3 (5.2) standard deviations above the Standard Model background. For the vector boson fusion mode, the observed and expected significances are 1.9 and 2.7 standard deviations, respectively.

    A smaller part of the thesis investigates the prospects for measuring the luminosity in the high-luminosity phase of the Large Hadron Collider, to begin in 2026. ATLAS will build and insert a timing detector with silicon pixel technology into the forward region, to cope with the harsh pileup environment present at high luminosity. The capabilities of this detector to provide luminosity measurements are investigated. The number of detector hits is observed to scale linearly with collision multiplicity across the full range of expected multiplicities.

  • 314.
    Spousta, Martin
    et al.
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Math & Phys, V Holesovickach 2, Prague 18000, Czech Republic..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Jet suppression and jet substructure in Pb plus Pb and Xe plus Xe collisions with the ATLAS detector2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 611-614Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This short summary presents latest measurements of the nuclear modification factor, R-AA, for R = 0.4 jets in Pb+Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The analysis is performed over a large range of transverse momentum, up to p(T) = 1 TeV, and differentially in jet p(T), rapidity, and collision centrality. The jet R-AA is measured also differentially in the jet mass, m, which provides new information on the dependence of the energy loss on the substructure of jets. Latest results by ATLAS on the dijet momentum balance in Xe+Xe collisions at root s(NN) = 5.44 TeV are presented and compared to the same quantity measured in Pb+Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV. These recent measurements should help us understand mechanisms of parton energy loss and properties of hot and dense matter created in heavy-ion collisions.

  • 315.
    Steinberg, Peter
    et al.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.;Brookhaven Natl Lab, Phys Dept, Upton, NY USA..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik. Royal Inst Technol, Phys Dept, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    et al.,
    Electromagnetic processes with quasireal photons in Pb plus Pb collisions: QED, QCD, and the QGP2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 259-262Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Electromagnetic processes, both photon-photon and photon-nucleus, are shown to be useful in studying aspects of QED, QCD, and potentially the QGP. Using lead-lead collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV, the ATLAS detector has performed measurements of exclusive dimuon production, light-by-light scattering (via exclusive diphoton production), and photo-nuclear dijet production. These are all important examples of ultraperipheral collisions, where the nuclei do not interact hadronically. A recent study of the opening angles of dimuons produced in hadronic heavy-ion collisions, after subtracting heavy-flavor backgrounds, demonstrates that the dimuons carry information correlated with the overlap geometry, potentially about the density of charges in the QGP itself.

  • 316.
    Zhou, Mingliang
    et al.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Chem, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA..
    Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ohm, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Ripellino, Giulia
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Sidebo, P. Edvin
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Fysik, Partikel- och astropartikelfysik.
    Zwalinski, L.
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Flow fluctuations in Pb plus Pb collisions at root s(NN)=5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector2019Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 982, s. 323-326Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements of four-particle cumulants c(n){4} for n = 1, 2, 3, 4 are presented using 470 mu b(-1) of Pb+Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. These cumulants provide information on the event-by-event fluctuations of single harmonics p(v(n)). For the first time, a negative c(1){4} is observed. The c(4){4} is found to be negative in central collisions but changes sign around 20-25% centrality. This behavior is consistent with a nonlinear contribution to v(4) that is proportional to v(2)(2). c(2){4} and c(3){4} are calculated using two reference event classes in order to investigate the influence of volume fluctuations. Over most of the centrality range, c(2){4} and c(3){4} are found to be negative, while in the ultra-central collisions, c(2){4} changes sign and becomes positive, suggesting a deviation from Gaussian behavior in the event-by-event fluctuation of v(2). The magnitudes of the sign change are also found to be dependent of the event class definition .

4567 301 - 316 of 316
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