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  • 51.
    Andersson, Caroline
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planerarens kompetenser2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 52.
    Andersson, Emma
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vardagslivets många nyanser: Om utmaningen i att bedöma den sociala konsekvensen av en fysisk miljö2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En av planeringens främsta uppgifter är att utarbeta strategier och visioner för att skapa förutsättningar för människors vardagsliv. Samtidigt som detta är av så stor betydelse för en planerare, finns det ingen teoretisk enighet om hur mycket människor faktiskt påverkas av en fysisk miljö. I ljuset av Stockholm stads översiktsplan – Promenadstaden – är syftet med denna uppsats att studera relationen mellan stadens fysiska struktur och sociala liv. Mer specifikt ämnar denna uppsats att diskutera ifall människor verkligen lever enligt dagens normativa stadsplaneringsideal. För att kunna studera människors vardagliga handlingar baseras det empiriska materialet på ett flertal kvalitativa intervjuer med boenden i ett nyproducerat område i Stockholm stad (Telefonplan). Förståelsen för människors handlingar i Telefonplan har sedan växt fram utifrån ett flertal tongivande teoretiker inom samhällsplanering och sociologi. Bland annat har Bourdieus kultursociologiska teorier varit av stor betydelse för uppsatsens analytiska resonemang. Resultatet visar på att det finns både starka och svaga argument för Promenadstaden. Att argumentera att idealet Promenadstaden inte kommer ge förutsättningar för att uppnå sina egna mål (idén om det funktionsblandade och lokala närområdet), vore att helt bortse från den fysiska strukturens betydelse för människors vardagsliv. Men att argumentera att människors vardagsliv per automatik kommer att gå i paritet med promenadstadsplanerna, vore lika med att förbise de sociala grunder och villkor som varje dag påverkar hur människor använder sin miljö.

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  • 53.
    Andersson, Esmeralda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Flytande städer: Att bygga städer och stadsdelar på vatten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The population growth and climate change are two main factors in today’s urban planning. Approximately 71 % of the Earth’s surface is consisting of water and a large part of that is not being utilized to the fullest extent. Today’s buildings that entirely floats on water is something that we have already begun to see, however there is a low quantity of them. The following question is whether important issues connected to urban planning could be solved by expanding the amount of floating constructions, and thereby begin to use water as a place for cities and city districts to take form.

     

    The purpose of this study is to present the concept of floating cities and to discuss whether it could be an alternative for future planning and urbanization in Sweden. 

     

    By doing a literature study and a case study that are both supplemented by interviews, information will be obtained to use as a foundation for an analysis and discussion where conclusions will be made. The history of floating construction is described together with existing techniques and prerequisites that enable floating structures. Laws relevant to the subject is also described, for example the law of shoreline protection, which plays a major role when it comes to exploiting water areas. The cases in the study consist of both Swedish and international examples of projects that involve floating constructions. Main focus will be on Marinstaden in Nacka and Ijburg in Amsterdam. To complete the study and get a better overview, interviews are held with Alexander Erixson, planning architect at Nacka Municipality, and with Richard Bergström, CEO of AquaVilla AB.

     

    The conclusion is that it is possible to expand the number of floating districts in Sweden. Urban development would be positively influenced when opportunities are created, and issues as housing shortage could be solved. It could as well work as a prevention for environmental issues. The main problem that could occur is that floating districts might create segregation, although advocates states that well planned urbanization and support from laws and legalizations could make it possible to exploit water areas with floating buildings without the problem of segregation emerging. The challenge is to convince the society that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. By that we achieve acceptance from more people which is a presumption when it comes to trying to accomplish a development and expansion of floating constructions in Sweden. 

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    Flytande städer : Att bygga städer och stadsdelar på vatten
  • 54.
    Andersson, Esmeralda
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Olika platsers tillgänglighet ur ett objektivt och subjektivt perspektiv: En jämförelsestudie av medborgarnas tillgänglighet i central stadsbebyggelse, skärgård och landsbygd2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the accessibility from a citizen perspective. The approach has been a case study where different types of areas in Haninge municipality have been included with the purpose to examine the accessibility depending on the geographical context and characteristics. The accessibility concept in this study includes both an objective and subjective approach. The study approach can be explained as that selected parameters have been examined from both an objective and subjective point of view where the values of the citizens are included. Multiple methods have been included within the case study, but the main method that has been used is survey studies where the selected parameters for accessibility have been valued by the citizens of chosen places. The parameters that has been included throughout the entire study are transportation opportunities, variety of commerce and service, presence of green areas and recreation, characteristics of the society, and citizen influence. These five parameters have been studied for places in Haninge municipality that represent central urban areas, archipelago and rural areas. The chosen places representing those types of areas are Handen, Ornö and Runsten. The result points out a good objective accessibility in the central urban areas of Haninge municipality, and the results are not as good in the archipelago and in rural areas. It is mainly because of the transportation opportunities and variety of commerce and service. However, related to green areas and recreation, does the result state a better objective accessibility in the archipelago and in rural areas. Based on the surveys does the study also show a fairly good subjective accessibility both in central urban areas and in the archipelago, this although the areas clearly differ in the objective accessibility. This has been analyzed related to housing preferences that are linked to the geographical context. For rural areas, do the objective accessibility reflect the subjective accessibility in a more evident way. There is a need for central urban areas in Haninge municipality to strengthen the subjective values, meanwhile for the archipelago and for rural areas is the need rather to strengthen objective values. Although, due to a low number of participants in the survey studies, the study has a certain deal of uncertainty and further studies must therefore be carried out in order to strengthen the results.

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  • 55.
    Andersson, Joella
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grönstruktur ur ett socialt perspektiv: Planering för ökad folkhälsa2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban green structure is an important component of a pleasant and healthy society. Since over 85% of Sweden’s population live in cities and urban areas, the urban environment affects over 8,5 million people’s daily lives. With a variety of political goals and requirements concerning the built environment, the local planning authorities carry a great responsibility to create cities and towns that make good living spaces for all citizens. Today there are many research papers on how greenery affects the public health, and all of them show that urban green structure for example can reduce stress, increase physical activity and strengthen the social community.The aim of this thesis is to acquire a greater understanding of how green structure can be planned to increase public health. The study is restricted to the work by local authorities and Lunds Kommun has been chosen as study case. The report is based on a study of the municipality’s document “Grönprogram” as well as interviews with employees at Lunds Kommun. The results that were gathered have been analyzed using previous studies and national goals and guidelines. The findings show that there are many connections between urban green structure and public health, and the knowledge of these links are beginning to spread wide. However, in the work done by the municipality of Lund, greenery and public health is mainly dealt with on a strategic and general level. The implementation of it in practical, everyday work has not yet reached any further extension. A systematic work with these questions does not exist and the communal officers identify a lack of appropriate methods to do so. They wish for a clearer and more practical guide to facilitate their work. A conclusion that can be made is that green structure and public health is starting to get attention by the local authority’s planners but should be developed further and be used more systematically.

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  • 56.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Kazemian, RezaKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.Rönn, MagnusKTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Nordic Journal of Architectural Research: Nordisk arkitekturforskning2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Analys av Skiftingehus skolgårds fysiska miljö ur ett trygghetsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Analys av Skiftingehus skolgårds fysiska miljö ur ett trygghetsperspektiv
  • 58.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planera för barn i förtätad stad: En studie av hur barnvänliga utemiljöer för skolor och förskolor kan skapas i samband med stadsförtätning i Eskilstuna kommun2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of a growing population and negative climate impact, today’s planning trend in Sweden is going towards densification which means that cities are being developed by concentrating new buildings on already exploited land. Even though densification is linked to sustainability this strategy has resulted in the exclusion of significant places for children’s outdoor play, such as school and preschool playgrounds. At the same time, children are a quite powerless social group that constitute the future of society and thus knowledge of their perspectives is necessary in urban planning. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to contribute to an increased understanding of how the child perspective, the perception of a child’s best, can be applied in relation to densification of the city in the municipal community planning. In the study the child perspective is defined by examining how a municipality can create child-friendly school and preschool outdoor environments.

    This study applies a qualitative approach through a case study of the municipality of Eskilstuna. By conducting interviews and a documentary study, data regarding the municipality’s work with school and preschool outdoor environments was generated. In order to gain an understanding of the conditions for municipal community planning, legislation as well as government and municipal documents were studied. A literate review was also conducted with the aim of studying previous work on the child perspective, the child impact assessment, the child-friendly outdoor environment and collaborative planning. Together with data collected from expert interviews this constitutes the study’s theoretical framework that in turn formed the basis for the following discussion.

    The results prove that child-friendly outdoor environments for schools and preschools comprise several factors that promote children’s development: room for outdoor play, reduced traffic, green and natural environments, variation and challenges. Among these, room for outdoor play, the size of the school or preschool playground, is the fundamental factor.

    The study also shows that school and preschool outdoor environments are a matter that often conflicts with other challenges that the municipal community planning has to deal with. In the municipality of Eskilstuna there is an ambition to create child-friendly outdoor environments for schools and preschools. However, the lack of available places as well as strategies and guidelines makes this difficult in practice. In order to create child-friendly outdoor environments for schools and preschools the results indicate the importance of using a collaborative approach through cooperation and mutual understanding between different actors. Also, it is stated that children’s needs should be highlighted in an early stage of the process to ensure room for school and preschool playgrounds in the dense city.

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    Planera för barn i förtätad stad
  • 59.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    "Platser att hänga på": En studie av barns upplevelser av platser i den urbana miljön i Eskilstuna2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle är en stor del av världens alla barn bosatta i städer, vilket medför att barns upplevelser av den urbana miljön har en inverkan på deras uppväxt och framtida liv. Eftersom barn utgör vårt samhälles framtid är det viktigt att framhäva och tillvarata deras upplevelser för att kunna förbättra staden ur ett barnvänligt ramverk. Utifrån detta är arbetets syfte att undersöka barns upplevelser av platser i den urbana miljön. För att uppnå syfte och besvara tillhörande frågeställningar avgränsas studien genom att undersöka hur barn i Eskilstuna upplever platser i staden. Data avseende barns upplevelser inhämtades genom att, vid två tillfällen, utföra gruppintervjuer med barn i årskurs 6 på en grundskola i Eskilstuna. För att möjliggöra analys av den empiriska undersökningen studerades även tidigare forskning och teorier som behandlar detta ämnesområde.

    Resultatet visar på att barn till största del vistas på offentliga platser, vilka utgör sociala mötespunkter och benämns "platser att hänga på". Barnens positiva upplevelser av platser associeras till lugna områden, fritidsintressen, aktiviteter och sociala processer med kompisar samt familj eller släkt. Platser som genererar negativa upplevelser hos barnen anknyts till obehagliga händelser och främmande sociala grupper.

    Med hjälp av tidigare forskning och teorier fastställs betydelsen av "platser att hänga på" eftersom dessa möjliggör barns identitetsskapande och självständighet. Det framgår även att direkta erfarenheter och sociala relationer kan förstärka barnens positiva uppfattningar samt reducera känslor av obehag. Slutligen konstateras att barns okunskap, vilken avser brist på direkta erfarenheter, ovetskap gällande främmande människor och mörker, producerar negativa upplevelser av platser.

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  • 60.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mandell, Svante
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Så skapas attraktiva städer2014Book (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The impact of advanced vocational education and training on earnings in Sweden2014In: International Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 1360-3736, E-ISSN 1468-2419, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 256-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can be made about education and training as the independent variable. The study focuses upon advanced vocational education and training (AVET) in Sweden. This is post-secondary school education for individuals who are 20 years of age or older. The aim of this article is to estimate the effects of AVET on earnings by controlling for selection bias. We used various approaches such as instrumental variables, Hausman–Taylor estimates, fixed effects estimates and propensity score matching to achieve this aim. A panel, or longitudinal, data set for eight different labor markets in Sweden for the period 1996–2008 was used. The results indicate that earnings from AVET are higher than the return on investment in comprehensive education. The average effect on income is estimated to be in the range of 3–8 percent.

  • 62.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Universities, knowledge transfer and regional development: Geography, entrepreneurship and policy2012In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 91, no 2, p. 477-479Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Andersson, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cross-Border Collaboration for a Sustainable Future: - a case study about Interreg V ÖKS subsidyand sustainable transportation projects2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate one of the European Structural Fundprogrammes, Interreg V Öresund-Kattegat-Skagerrak (ÖKS) and the priority areaTransportation. The programme gives financial support to transportation projectsaiming to develop sustainable (environmentally friendly) transportation alternativesand solutions.

    Through studies and theories on cross-border collaboration (CBC) and goals forsustainable transportation a major need of joint strategies for solving shared problems,such as environmental concerns has been demonstrated. This approach ofcollaboration projects as a pillar for sustainable development has been the foundationof how the current Interreg programme has been studied and the starting point for thisresearch. The study aims to clarify the relationship between the overall view uponcooperation and joint development programmes (within areas stretching over nationaland administrative borders, such as transportation) and the specific Interregprogramme. A programme which during current period (2014-2020) experienced adrastic decline of number of applicants. In order to further understand the context thecurrent study has trough empirical research defined added values (advantages) of theCBC but also identified the perceived difficulties and barriers (disadvantages). Thefounding’s have further been compared and supplemented with perspectives fromrelevant actors engaged in transportation development. This material has beencollected through qualitative interviews enabling a vital and good understanding ofconcerned actors and their view of advantages and disadvantages with CBC. Theanalysis has also enabled the conclusion that the general view among the actors is thatcollaboration projects are necessary for a sustainable development. However, studiedprogramme with declined number of applicants did not succeed in attracting desiredparticipants. Consequently, the actors were also asked to share their view upon thedecline of applicants for current Interreg period. One identified explanation wasrelated to the administrative burden which was perceived too heavy by the actors. Inaddition, the financial part was perceived to be too low or poorly designed. Theknowledge about the programme was also found to be limited among some of theactors. To be able to involve more participants in the future it has been concluded thatimprovements within the three areas of defined obstacles have to be implemented.

    This investigation and findings aim to contribute to increased insights andunderstanding of the cross-border cooperation process in order to be able to reach andinvolve relevant actors in the most favourable way for successful future projects anddesired sustainable development.

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    Cross-Border Collaboration for a Sustainable Future
  • 64.
    Andersson, Sara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cross-Border Collaborationfor a Sustainable Future: - a case study about Interreg V ÖKS subsidy andsustainable transportation projects2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate one of the European Structural Fundprogrammes, Interreg V Öresund-Kattegat-Skagerrak (ÖKS) and the priority areaTransportation. The programme gives financial support to transportation projectsaiming to develop sustainable (environmentally friendly) transportation alternativesand solutions.

    Through studies and theories on cross-border collaboration (CBC) and goals forsustainable transportation a major need of joint strategies for solving shared problems,such as environmental concerns has been demonstrated. This approach ofcollaboration projects as a pillar for sustainable development has been the foundationof how the current Interreg programme has been studied and the starting point for thisresearch. The study aims to clarify the relationship between the overall view uponcooperation and joint development programmes (within areas stretching over nationaland administrative borders, such as transportation) and the specific Interregprogramme. A programme which during current period (2014-2020) experienced adrastic decline of number of applicants. In order to further understand the context thecurrent study has trough empirical research defined added values (advantages) of theCBC but also identified the perceived difficulties and barriers (disadvantages). Thefounding’s have further been compared and supplemented with perspectives fromrelevant actors engaged in transportation development. This material has beencollected through qualitative interviews enabling a vital and good understanding ofconcerned actors and their view of advantages and disadvantages with CBC. Theanalysis has also enabled the conclusion that the general view among the actors is thatcollaboration projects are necessary for a sustainable development. However, studiedprogramme with declined number of applicants did not succeed in attracting desiredparticipants. Consequently, the actors were also asked to share their view upon thedecline of applicants for current Interreg period. One identified explanation wasrelated to the administrative burden which was perceived too heavy by the actors. Inaddition, the financial part was perceived to be too low or poorly designed. Theknowledge about the programme was also found to be limited among some of theactors. To be able to involve more participants in the future it has been concluded thatimprovements within the three areas of defined obstacles have to be implemented.

    This investigation and findings aim to contribute to increased insights andunderstanding of the cross-border cooperation process in order to be able to reach andinvolve relevant actors in the most favourable way for successful future projects anddesired sustainable development.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Cross-Border Collaboration for a Sustainable Future
  • 65.
    Andersson, Vendela
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Billberg, Johanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vägen från vision till verklighet: Aktörers arbete för en socialt hållbar stadsutveckling i Kista kontorsområde2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Kista business district is an established tech-cluster in northern Stockholm which experienced its peak during the 90’s. Today, the real estate owners see a need to explore how the area can be developed to meet a change in needs. There are many actors who want to be part of a socially sustainable urban development of the area.

    The aim of the essay is to examine which visions exists for Kista business district, what challenges there are to achieve these, how the prominent real estate actors and Stockholm municipality act in order to pursue the vision, and what socially sustainable urban development in Kista business district is.

    The methods that have been used to research this are interviews and a document analysis. The processes behind the production of the vision and the urban development are analysed with the theoretical frameworks of urban development by Jane Jacobs and Jan Gehl, and theories within social sustainability and futures studies. The socially sustainable development of Kista business district is analysed through five key themes within social sustainability: identity, context, accessibility, inclusion, and variation.

    The result shows that there is a collaboration between the private real estate actors with the aim to create and communicate a united vision for the area, as well as to concentrate and make the use of resources more efficient within the urban development. In this collaboration, the municipality has been distinguished as an important actor by the real estate actors. A liveable and attractive district with mixed-use characteristics, is the shared vision of Kista business district by the actors. However, how this vision is to be accomplished has not been concretised.

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  • 66.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan: Arbetsrapport 3: Ekonomiska investeringar i Dalen och Östberga2014Report (Other academic)
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  • 67.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Motiv för inflyttning till Dalen och Östbergahöjden samt inflyttades värdering av områdena: Arbetsrapport nr 5 i projektet Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå- en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med denna studie är att få kunskaper om varför man flyttar till Östbergahöjden och Dalen samt vilka kvaliteter och eventuella problem de nyinflyttade upplever i respektive område.

     

    Metoden för att erhålla svar på frågorna är skriftliga enkäter där inbjudan att delta i en webbaserad enkät sändes ut via brev till personer som flyttat in till Östbergahöjden respektive Dalen under år 2014. Data på inflyttade personer 2014 erhölls från SPAR. Såväl brevet med inbjudan som enkäten var på både svenska och engelska.

     

    Antalet inflyttade år 2014 var 341 personer i Östbergahöjden och 320 personer i Dalen. Svarsfrekvensen efter två påminnelser blev totalt ca 12% i båda områdena, en mycket låg siffra.

    En analys av delgrupper av svarande indikerar att de som svarat kan anses vara representativa för de som har köpt en bostadsrätt eller fått en hyresrätt i respektive område.

     

    Priserna på bostäderna i Dalen och Östbergahöjden uppfattas som billiga och prisvärda. Det är den mest omnämnda orsaken för flytt till båda områdena. Man har kunnat köpa sin bostad eller köpa en större bostad. Man har i båda områdena i viss utsträckning flyttat från hyresrätt till bostadsrätt vilket talar för att områdena till del har fungerat som ett insteg på bostadsrättsmarknaden för de inflyttande.

    De svarande i båda områdena tillsammans bedömer att bostadsområdet de bodde i tidigare var tryggare, hade bättre rykte, att man hade bättre förtroende för grannar, att man tog mer hänsyn till varandra och att man höll mer rent och snyggt. Svaren per område visar att man i Östbergahöjden upplever att trygghet och områdets rykte är de faktorer där skillnaderna är störst och negativa jämfört med det bostadsområde där man bodde innan flytten.

    Att läget är centralt med goda kommunikationer och bra service är det näst mest omnämnda orsaken till varför man flyttat in, både för Dalen och Östbergahöjden. Andra ofta omnämnda orsaker till att flytta till Dalen är: ”nära natur, grönt”; ”trevligt område, fin arkitektur”; ”barnvänligt, bra skola, dagis ”samt att ”vänner, släkt har rekommenderat området”. Andra ofta nämnda orsaker att flytta till Östbergahöjden är att man ”flyttar ihop eller isär”; ”flyttat med släkt och familj” samt ”fick möjligheten; var tvungen”.

    Det bästa med att bo i både Dalen och Östberga är att områdena ligger nära Stockholms centrum. För Dalen omnämns också ”nära natur”; ”trevliga grannar, bra gemenskap”; ”trevligt område, ”fina innergårdar” samt ”bra lägenhet, stor lägenhet, billigt att bo”.

    Det mest omnämnda problemet med att bo i Östbergahöjden är ”anlagd brand”. Därefter kommer ”ungdomsgäng, knark, störande beteende, otryggt”, vilket också är de problem som omnämns mest i Dalen. I Dalen kommer därefter ”nedskräpning, dålig sophantering” samt ”dålig bostadskvalitet, planlösning, ljudisolering”.

    I Dalen upplever man att tex ungdomskriminaliteten minskat och att befolkningen håller på att gentrifieras. I Östbergahöjden fortsätter problemen med kriminalitet och bränder vilket oroar de boende. Östbergahöjden ser ut att lida större brist på socialt förtroende, gemenskap och samarbete än Dalen.

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  • 68.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sammanfattande rapport: Projekt Grannskapseffekter på områdesnivå-en fördjupad studie av bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 69.
    Annadotter, Kerstin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Werner, IngaBritt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bostadsrättsombildning i allmännyttan: Delproejkt 4 Socialt Kapital: Delrapport. Redovisning av undersökningsfas 12009Report (Other academic)
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  • 70.
    Antman Debels, Felix
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ju mer vi är tillsammans: En studie av planeringsdilemman och institutionella förutsättningar och förändringar i privat-offentliga partnerskap i svensk stadsutveckling2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is going through a period of urbanization that has led to a deficit of housing, office space and public buildings. The ability for municipalities’ to enact their urban development plans has at the same time been curtailed compared to 30 years ago. The municipalities are more dependent on the market and on cooperation with private actors than before. In this study a new phenomenon in Swedish urban development is studied: large scale and long-term private-public partnerships between a municipality and one or two private actors. The study is performed through a case study of an agreement between Stockholm city and a private company in the meatpacking district of Stockholm and of an agreement between Huddinge municipality and a private company in Flemingsberg. The motivations for the collaborations, the goals of the municipalities and the private actors, their strategies and changes in institutional settings are studied. The research has been conducted through document studies and interview with officials from the municipalities and corporations. The result is analyzed by applying a theoretical framework where the motives and strategies are investigated in relation to how they navigate three different dilemmas in planning: (1) the tension between a demand or a supply led urban development, (2) between a closed and open notion of time and space, and (3) between specific or general regulations. The projects relation to risk and uncertainty is also studied. The institutional changes are studied through a framework developed from the new institutional theory where actions and decisions in the urban development process is analysed through the perspective of how institutional norms on three hierarchical levels is forming the urban development practice. The result shows that the studied cooperation mainly is motivated by the need to enhance implementation of the plans and to handle risks. The goal of the companies is to secure their future values by acting as an area developer. To reach these goals a more open notion of time and space and a more flexible regulatory framework is deployed. The consequence is that the municipalities transfer more responsibility to the private actors and that the municipalities at the same time take on a responsibility to create a market situation that makes the corporation provide public amenities through their business model. One conclusion is that planning is performed through the market and that the public actors have to be market-sensitive. The other conclusion is that planning has evolved in to a practice of planning through contracts.

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  • 71.
    Antman Debels, Felix
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Socio-ekologisk resiliens i svensk strategisk planering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar och andra miljöproblem kan i framtiden komma att innebära stora påfrestningar på städer. Socio-ekologisk resiliens är ett sätt att förstå motståndskraft och förändring hos sociala och ekologiska system. För att göra städer mer motståndskraftiga för yttre och inre störningar har ett socio-ekologiskt resiliensförhållningssätt till planering ansetts givande. Konceptet socio-ekologisk resiliens kan också betraktas som en brygga mellan social hållbarhet och ekologisk hållbarhet.

    Denna uppsats undersöker ifall det finns uttryck för socio-ekologisk resiliens i svenska kommuners strategiska planering och om det finns strategier i kommunerna för att binda ihop social hållbarhet med ekologisk hållbarhet. Genom studier av teoretisk litteratur kring socio-ekologisk resiliens har fyra utgångspunkter för en planering för socio-ekologisk resiliens tagits fram och med hjälp av dessa fyra utgångspunkter analyseras nio kommunala översiktsplaner.

    Planerna har valts ut för att spegla ett genomsnitt av svenska kommuner. Resultatet visar att det finns spridda strategier som skulle öka den socio-ekologiska resiliensen men att ingen kommun har en fullt genomförd strategi. Studien visar också att det finns vissa strategier som skulle kunna sägas stärka både den sociala hållbarheten och den ekologiska hållbarheten men att dessa är få. En förklaring till att en socio-ekologisk resiliensplanering är så frånvarande är att kommunerna oftast har en rigid framtidsvision och att fokus i planeringen ligger på tillväxtstrategier.

    Sammanfattningsvis skulle en planering för ökad socio-ekologisk resiliens kunna stärka beredskapen inför klimat- och miljörelaterade kriser i svenska städer men det behövs mer forskning kring hur en socio-ekologisk resilienspraktik skulle kunna se ut och hur den skulle kunna uttryckas i plan- och policydokument.

     

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  • 72.
    Appelgren, Hannes
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hirsch, Sam
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vintergatan - finns det liv innan mars?Förutsättningar för attraktiva stadsrum vintertid genom temporär urbanism2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Levande Stockholm is a concept that Stockholm City initiated in 2015. The purpose of the concept is to create vibrant and attractive urban spaces for the citizens. Developing the attractive city is a process that has become more common and important for cities, due to the ever- increasing globalization. The Levande Stockholm concept is based on temporary urbanism to create attractive city spaces in the summer and has had a successful outcome. This study springs from this concept. During winter, there are different conditions that affect the city, its inhabitants and the interaction between the two. Therefore, this study investigates how to create conditions for attractive and vibrant urban spaces during winter through temporary urbanism.

    The research question is answered through a case study by collecting data from three different groups whom we chose to label as planners, external actors and citizens. The planners and external actors who were interviewed were chosen due to their experience of working with Levande Stockholm prior. A citizen's perspective has been examined through a survey to compare if their thoughts about attractive urban spaces in winter time are consistent with the views of planners and external actors. The theoretical framework consists of three comprehensive research fields from different disciplines; the vibrant city, temporary urbanism and urban planning in a cold climate. This creates a cross-disciplinary context that allows a depth and breadth in the study.

    The results show that temporary urbanism has the potential to create more vibrant and interesting urban spaces. Furthermore, our empirics show that most actors, public and private, agree that the municipality’s role is to enable the creation of vibrant spaces, while other actors should be the creators of the content within the urban space. Possible obstacles to developing vibrant city spaces during wintertime through temporary urbanism are rigid rules regarding snow clearance, concession fees and the fixed periods for outdoor seating. Vibrant and attractive urban spaces can be created by enabling actors to temporarily develop and utilize streets and urban spaces during winter. 

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  • 73.
    Aquili, Tommaso
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Austerical City.: London at the crush test of austerity2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the UK, the unprecedented cuts to local budgets, implemented by the national governments from 2010 to the present day, have pushed local authorities to reconsider their scope, their role and their action. The ever decreasing budgets have de facto transformed local councils from service providers to territorial entrepreneurs, as the pressing pursuit of revenues has placed the economic profit at the core of the local policy-making. Urban planning plays a central role in this shift in mindset. The British planning system has been remodelled so to facilitate the implementation of development processes, as these grant revenues from planning obligations, uplifts in land values and higher income from taxes. The reform of the planning system has however conceded free rein to developers, especially through the introduction of the Development Viability Appraisal, a document which they use to reduce the provision of affordable housing, in favour of luxury housing tenures. Therefore, in London the mechanisms that rule the territorial transformations exacerbate the existing housing crisis and force local communities to face displacement. Austerity has thus initiated a cascade-effect whose negative externalities are tangible at the very local level. The emerged topics find their concretization in the description of the Heygate Estate regeneration.

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  • 74.
    Arakji, Farah
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sustaining the Early Recovery: Integrating Planning in Early RecoveryCase: Southern Lebanon2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    et al.
    KTH.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The role of modern technology in rural situational crime prevention: A review of the literature2020In: Rural Crime Prevention: Theory, Tactics and Techniques, Taylor and Francis , 2020, p. 58-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 76.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Justus, Marcelo
    Growth of Lethal Violence in Brazil 2000–2017: A Space-Temporal Analysis of Homicides2021In: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, ISSN 1043-9862, E-ISSN 1552-5406, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 34-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the space-temporal growth of homicide rates in Brazil from 2000 to 2017 and identifies determinants of the country?s growth of homicide rates. Data from the Brazilian Information System on Mortality and Censuses are used to estimate growth models combined with spatial statistics and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Findings show evidence of change in the geographical distribution of lethal violence over time, characterized by a steady increase in the North and Northeast regions and a reduction in growth in the South and Southeast regions of Brazil. Social disorganization factors namely deprivation, ethnic heterogeneity, and urbanization are significant positive determinants of the growth of homicide rates. The results show a reduction of the predictive strength of income inequality and an increase in that of unemployment from the year 2010 to 2017. The theoretical and policy implications of these results are discussed.

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  • 77.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    et al.
    KTH.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Justus, Marcelo
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    The Commodification of Security in Brazil: Urban–Rural Divide in Household Adoption of Safety Protective Devices2022In: Professional Geographer, ISSN 0033-0124, E-ISSN 1467-9272, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to assess the determinants of using safety devices in Brazilian households, taking into account different urban–rural country contexts and income distribution. Probit models are estimated using microdata from the 2009 Brazilian National Household Sampling Survey. On average, less than half of the underprivileged population adopts safety devices, whereas almost double as many do so among the wealthy. Findings also indicate an inverse association between the level of urbanization and adoption of safety protective devices, especially of modern ones—a pattern mediated by individual levels of victimization and safety perceptions. For example, previous victimization by theft or robbery is more decisive for adopting safety protective devices among economically underprivileged households compared to wealthier ones. These results provide evidence of the perverse effects of unequal commodification of security across a country that penalizes, in particular, the rural poor.

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  • 78.
    Aransiola, Temidayo James
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Justus, Marcelo
    University of Campinas, Institute of Economics, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
    The Effect of Absolute and Relative Deprivation on Homicides in Brazil2021In: Homicide Studies, ISSN 1088-7679, E-ISSN 1552-6720, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 361-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effect of absolute deprivation (proxy unemployment)and relative deprivation (proxy income inequality) on homicide levels in Brazil. Adatabase from the Brazilian Information System about Mortality and Census of theyear 2000 and 2010 was used to estimate negative binomial models of homicidelevels controlling for socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic factors. Findingsshow that unemployment and income inequality affect homicides levels and that theeffect of the former is more pronounced compared to the latter. Moreover, thecombination of income inequality and unemployment exacerbates the overall effectof deprivation on homicide levels.

  • 79.
    Ariel, Barak
    et al.
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Inst Criminol, Sidgwick Ave, Jerusalem CB3 9DA, Israel; Univ Cambridge, Inst Criminol, Cambridge, England.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    McDonnell, Adam
    YouGov, London, England.
    Webster, Kim
    Rail Delivery Grp, London, England.
    Experiences and Reporting of Unwanted Sexual Behaviors on Great Britain’s Rail Network: A Survey of Victims and Witnesses with an Embedded Randomized Vignette Experiment on Callback Effects2024In: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991, p. 1-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unwanted-sexual-behaviors (USBs) on Great Britain’s rail network, though often seen as “lesser-harm” incidents, have profound psychological, emotional, and behavioral impacts on victims and witnesses. A national survey reveals these effects, highlighting the traumatizing effect of USBs, even years later. Victims share their dissatisfaction with reporting USBs and the need for empathetic communication in victim recovery and trust in authorities. The study also examines the impact of reassurance callbacks from police. While a single callback enhanced perceptions of safety and police effectiveness, multiple callbacks were favored, suggesting their potential to improve victim support and confidence in law enforcement responses to USBs.

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  • 80.
    Aroles, Jérémy
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rail infrastructure management: transaction cost theory applied to a French case study2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many changes have occurred since 1997 in the French rail institutional system. Réseau Ferré de France (RFF) was created as rail institutional network owner but delegates almost all its functions as infrastructure manager to the state owned railroad corporation called Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Français (SNCF). This reform results from the implementation of the EU directives concerning the introduction of free competition on the rail transport market in order to improve the economic efficiency of the sector.

    The French reorganized hybrid structure with RFF as owner of the network and SNCF as subcontractor for most issues influences the way investment projects are managed while RFF has restrictive commitments towards the French state concerning the modernisation and the renewal of the national network.

    Since 2008 new actors appear in the rail engineering sector. They are involved in the delegation of contracting ownership and technical master design of investment projects for RFF. Their introduction adds interactions in a framework where transactions are highly complex, uncertain and human specific. But so far they have shown improvements on productivity on specific types of projects.

    Today the idea of creating a unique infrastructure manager is shared by all stakeholders and supported by theoretical underpinnings. A consensus is however not reached on the details of a possible new reorganisation. Production costs representing by far the biggest part of the total costs must in any case be reduced. A further development of free competition in the rail engineering sector can help in this direction while safety issues connected to the railroad system might need specific regulation. Gathering the responsibilities of the infrastructure manager within a new independent institution might be the best compromise despite of social and cultural issues. It would moreover anticipate a reorganisation that might be soon required by the European Union.

  • 81. Arribas-Bel, D.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Nijkamp, P.
    Steenbruggen, J.
    Cyber Cities: Social Media as a Tool for Understanding Cities2015In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, ISSN 1874-463X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 231-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Big’ urban data are increasingly becoming accessible for scientific research and policy use. They may enhance the intelligence that is needed for understanding and mapping out social connectivity phenomena (in the sense of Jane Jacobs) in modern smart cities. The present paper aims to highlight and demonstrate the rich potential of information based on digital technology in modern cities. As a case study example of the power of social media data as a support tool in smart cities, we consider Twitter data in the municipality of Amsterdam. We use machine learning techniques to identify temporal patterns that we then relate back to their spatial dimension, effectively connecting the digital with physical aspect of cities. We also show that analysis of geo-referenced tweets can shed significant light on physical aspects of the city and on the spatial distribution of urban functions.

  • 82.
    Arvidsson, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Trygghetsfrämjande arbete i park-, gångstråk- och torgprojekt: En fallstudie av hur trygghetsaspekter integrerats i projekt inom Grönare Stockholm2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how safety aspects has been integrated in the implementation of the strategic document Grönare Stockholm. The document contains guidelines regarding how the city’s parks and green areas should be planned and managed, with focus on green aspects. The methods used for data collection in this qualitative study is a combination of literature study, document study and interview study where four projects within parks, walkways and squares have been examined in a case study. Five officials at The Traffic Administration Office in the municipality of Stockholm have been interviewed in order to acquire their description of how safety aspects has been integrated in these four projects within Grönare Stockholm. Four of the interviewees were project managers and the fifth was a business developer for Grönare Stockholm overall. The material has been analyzed through a deductive approach with the first and second generation of safety principles which are presented in the theory Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (Atlas et.al, 2013; Cleveland & Saville, 2013). The results show that the safety principles have been integrated largely in the projects that were studied within the case study, even though it has taken different forms depending on each projects prerequisites. It turned out that social and safety aspects had a big focus in all projects, which means that the practical application of Grönare Stockholm doesn’t reflect what emerges in the strategic document.

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  • 83.
    Asplund, Eva
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Institutionen för stad och land, SLU.
    Håkansson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Skantze, Ann
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Vårt uppdrag är utveckling: hållbar utveckling och regional tillväxt2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken handlar om erfarenheterna från några svenska regioners ansträngningar att omsätta hållbar utveckling inom ramen för regionalt tillväxtarbete, och behandlar bland annat lärandeprocesser och integration av miljöfrågor i en organisations arbete.

    Syftet är att inspirera till kritisk reflektion och diskussion vilket utgör en avgörande grund för förändring och lärande. I grunden handlar boken om vad arbetet med regional utveckling och tillväxt är och kan vara samt vilken roll hållbar utveckling spelar i arbetet.

  • 84.
    Asztély, Tove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lagen om offentlig upphandling: En studie om hållbarhetskrav i upphandlingar inom stadsbyggnad2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Staden och den byggda miljön har blivit en källa till omfattande miljöproblem. Byggsektorn i Sverige står för en stor andel av både utsläpp och avfallsproduktion. Begreppet hållbarhet används ofta inom stadsbyggnad och innefattar socialt, ekologiskt och ekonomiskt hänsynstagande. Dock har det visat sig svår att implementera hänsyn till hållbarhet i realiteten.

    Lagen om offentlig upphandling tillämpas då offentliga aktörer köper varor eller tjänster av privata leverantörer. Inom stadsbyggnad är det vanligt att kommuner och statliga myndigheter köper upp produkter, entreprenader och tjänster från privata bolag. Lagen syftar till att öka konkurrensen, skapa transparens och motverkas risken för att vissa leverantörer särbehandlas i en upphandlingsprocess. I en upphandling har den upphandlande enheten möjlighet att ställa krav på de leverantörer som är lämpliga. Kraven kan bland annat röra hänsyn till miljö och sociala aspekter.

    Denna uppsats belyser möjligheterna att hållbarhetskrav integreras i offentliga upphandlingar som rör stadsbyggnad. Genom intervjuer med ett antal olika aktörer inom bygg- och planeringssektorn har åsikter och erfarenhet samlats in och analyserats. Analysen av dessa intervjuer och tidigare forskning visar på att det finns en tydlig kunskapsbrist kring hur krav som rör hållbarhet ska formuleras samt hur dessa skall värderas i en upphandling. Studien visar även att det efterfrågas tydligare direktiv och en ökad samverkan mellan aktörer beträffande upphandlingar och möjligheten att integrerar hållbarhetskrav.

    Studiens resultat tyder på att Lagen om offentlig upphandling reglerar en stor köpkraft och kan, om kunskap och kompetens finns, användas för att ställa krav på miljö och sociala hänsyn inom bygg- och planeringssektorn och därmed bidra till en mer hållbar stadsutveckling.

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  • 85.
    Attig, Stefan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Organic Pattern of Space:: A Space Syntax Analysis of Natural Streets and Street Segments for Measuring Crime and Traffic Accidents2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The natural streets model is a research prototype that has been shown to perform better than the conventional GIS-based streets segments for explaining traffic flow and human movement. However, given its experimental status, a gap in the literature was identified. Therefore, the aim of this thesis was to contribute to the literature by investigating the wider applications of natural streets and observe whether a city’s spatial configuration (or structure) is related to outcomes of human behaviour and activity. In this case, the two previously unstudied outcomes were chosen: crime and traffic accidents. Taking an exploratory approach, Stockholm was chosen as the case study. Using the space syntax methodology, the street segments and natural streets connectivity was used to analyse whether accessibility or ‘potential through movement’ is associated with crime and traffic accidents. Two study areas were generated: a primary study area consisting of six nested zones and a secondary study area with hot spots and cold spots for events of crime and traffic accidents. To observe the statistical association between connectivity and events of crime and traffic accidents for natural streets and street segments, a classical regression model was used. The regression analysis showed that natural streets perform significantly better than street segments as they are better able to explain events of crime and traffic accidents. However, more so for traffic accidents. Most importantly, the topological structure or scaling characteristics of natural streets served as a better indicator for measuring human phenomena. The implication of this is that it could potentially be used to further the understanding of human activities in the context of the urban environment.

     

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  • 86. Auzins, Armands
    et al.
    Brokking, Pieter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Jürgenson, Evelin
    Lakovskis, Peteris
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Romanovs, Andis
    Valčiukienė, Jolanta
    Viesturs, Janis
    Weninger, Kurt
    Land Resource Management Policy in Selected European Countries2022In: Land, E-ISSN 2073-445X, Vol. 11, no 12, p. 2280-2280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Land use, land resource demands, and landscape management practices are linked to many of the environmental, climatic, and socio-economic challenges faced by contemporary society. The study focuses on a comparative analysis of the experience of the land resource management (LRM); thus, the study aims respond to how the land-related resources are managed, what policy instruments support it, and what improvements would promote the sustainable management of these resources. Exploring LRM policies in selected countries, the experience of three Baltic countries and two other countries under the jurisdiction of continental Europe was analyzed, and their comparison was made based on qualitative research methodology. Based on the study’s results, the most important comparative characteristics of LRM policies are discussed. The findings of the study in selected countries provide recommendations for improving the institutional framework related to LRM. However, the outcome encourages a transfer of the research experience to other jurisdictions.

  • 87.
    Axelson, Linn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Barn ombord: Barnperspektiv inom Stockholms regionala planering av kollektivtrafik2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2020, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child became Swedish law. Thus, Swedishauthorities need to consider the children’s rights in exercise of authority. This includes the Swedishregions and their responsibility to provide public transportation.

    This study is based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child as Swedish law and the arguedsignificance of public transport for social sustainability. The study aims to investigate to what extentchildren are considered in the regional planning of public transportation in the Stockholm region.Based on this, it is further examined how the planning of public transportation affects the children’saccessibility to travel publicly in the region. A case study of the Stockholm region is performed, inwhich the region’s planning documents are examined and regional planners are interviewed. The aimof the study is achieved through a thematic analysis based on theoretical concepts regarding views onchildren as actors and accessibility.

    The study observes that children are considered an important group to include and hear whenplanning for public transportation in the Stockholm region; children are presented as fellowinhabitants. However, it appears that the consideration of children within the public transportationplanning is strongly dependent on the adults’ analysis and interpretation of children. This showcasesthe perspective that adults know better. Additionally, the children’s capacity to contribute to theplanning of the public transportation is questioned by some planners, children are seen as irrational.It is concluded that the view of children in the planning of the region’s public transportation varies,although there is a strong consensus about children being important travellers of publictransportation.

    Children’s opportunity to impact and influence societal development depends on adults creating spacefor child participation. The study encounters many opportunities for the children to impact publictransportation planning, with a wide support material and several methods to include both the childperspective and children’s own perspectives within the regional public transportation planning. Therelative influence of children is less clear. Guidelines explain that children should actively be includedand given influence in the planning processes, but the planners explain the practical work to bedifficult. The planners are experiencing a lack of clear working methods and knowledge regardingchildren. This challenges the description of an integrated and systematic work to consider children inthe regional planning and is noteworthy as education about children in public transportation ismandatory for the planners. A conclusion is that a lack of knowledge and methods limit both thechildren’s opportunities to impact and influence, as well as the opportunities for the planners toconsider the children in the planning of public transportation in Region Stockholm.

    The needs and preconditions of the travellers form the basis for the planning of public transportationin Region Stockholm. Children as travellers have other needs to accommodate to achieve accessibilitywithin and by public transportation. For accessibility within the system, usability together with safetyand security are presented as particularly important aspects for children. The public transportationenvironment must therefore be adapted to the abilities of children. In a spatial perspective, publicmodes provide many children accessibility to school and activities. However, since the system hasbeen designed for work travel, children’s accessibility with public transportation is disadvantaged by alack of adaptation to their travel needs. The individual needs of children are concluded a centralaspect of the child perspective within the planning of Region Stockholm’s public transportation.

    With the goal of inclusive and accessible public transportation for everyone in the region, aconsideration of children becomes an important aspect. With the ambition to widen the considerationfor children in the public transportation planning, an understanding of the current work andchallenges are meaningful. To fulfil this ambition, this study found that increased opportunities withinthe region in the form of knowledge regarding children and value-creating methods for including thechild perspective and the children’s own perspective are important aspects to further develop in theregion’s planning of the public transportation. The children are presented as important for increasingpublic travelling in the region, both today and in the future. Planning public transportation with thechildren at the centre should therefore be highly valuable.

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  • 88.
    Axelson, Linn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Den aktiva staden: En fallstudie över hur idrottsområden har integrerats i Stockholms nya stadsdelar 1950-20202020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity is considered an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Since the city's physical environment can have a strong impact on how the population use the city, the city's design can also affect how physically active the citizens are. People with good access to sport areas are up to 43% more physically active compared to those with poor access. The accessibility and proximity to areas for physical activity are therefore important factors to how physically active the population becomes. Based on this background, how sport areas in Stockholm have been planned are studied, as well as the implementation and result of the planning in the physical environment. This study consists of a literature study over urban planning ideals and the planning for sport between 1950 till today. A case study followed, were six districts in Stockholm, built between 1950 to 2020, were studied. In the case study, both the planning for physical activity and the implementation of the planned areas were included. Both similarities and differences were discovered between the districts. While sport areas were planned briefly in the oldest studied district Vällingby, the sport areas in the districts from the 2000s were planned in much more detail. Differences were also found in the type of sport areas that were planned and implemented, and the variation of them within the districts. Similarities were observed, such as the attention to schools' access to sports. Despite a large variation in the part sports have had in the urban planning and differences in the conditions for each district, a large majority of the planned sport areas were implemented in all the districts studied. The varied importance of sports and physical activity in the urban planning have affected the accessibility to sport areas. As a conclusion, the planning for sport areas has been reactive and in response to the need rather than proactive and continuous. This approach seems to be changing when the interest in sport in the urban planning is starting to increase. Due to the many benefits of physical activity, both for the health of the population and the opportunity to contribute to a sustainable development, a well thought out planning for sport areas is a prerequisite for more active citizens. However, considered to be more important is the actual implementation of these areas, since it is only when implemented they create the accessibility and proximity that contribute to a more physically active population. As the physical environment has a major impact on the citizens, the planning and implementation of places for physical activity can be an important component for a healthier population in a more sustainable city.

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  • 89.
    Aysegul, Alayat
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rental Housing Policy Norms in Stockholm Through A Queer Theoretical Lense2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish Instrument of Governance and Housing Sustention Responsibility state that everyone living in Stockholm County has the right to housing. This thesis deals with norms created by the first-, second-hand rental market and priority housing rules and regulations in the Stockholm County. Using a queer theoretical framework this thesis analyses the situation of young adults and students, elderly, homeless, LGBTQ and abused persons in housing market in relation to “housing for all” policy and suggests possible policy changes in order to make the rental housing market more inclusive.

    Queer theory asserts that subjects are precisely constituted by the existing power structures through socio-political arrangements that are based on assumptions. Urban planning by its nature also uses assumptions therefore it also reproduces accepted truths and risks generalizing heterogeneous social groups’ needs, these generalizations might also create cases that are insensitive to personal needs. According to queer theory identities change over time and individuals can belong to more than one category simultaneously and therefore rental housing market requires having awareness of fluidity.

    This study by using the queer theoretical framework, analyzes the situation of young adults and students, elderly, homeless, LGBTQ and abused persons in Stockholm’s rental housing market by using stories, interviews, policy documents, reports and statistical data to clarify how accepted truths/norms effects the constitution of housing categories, and how these housing categories, for that matter norms that are created by rules and regulations, exclude/include different social groups from the rental housing market.

    In order to fulfil the laws for “housing for all”, there is a need for more affordable rental housing units as well as regulation luxury renovations, supporting research that is related to housing prices and so on. The laws can also be fulfilled by changing in the norm for rental housing tenants; this can be done decreasing the demands for being eligible tenants including requirement on income for regular queue and requirement of study phase of 50 percent for students. For the second-hand rental housing there is a need of a system that minimizes possible discrimination, a database of accessible housing units could help those that need accessibility issue solved and a wider variety with a bigger housing stock for homeless could benefit homeless that want to change their realities. Concerning usage of housing stock in Stockholm, policy changes like “kompis kontrakt” make it possible to use the existing rental housing stock more efficiently.

    The conclusions of this study shows that the requirements set by the rules and regulations on first-hand rental housing excludes individuals that have record of non-payment related to housing, an income that is lower than the total of the monthly rent and 4 675 SEK, and that are not credit worthy. For many including homeless sensitiveness to personal needs are critical. The results show that there is number of shelters in Stockholm County is insufficient and the aid given by the social services to shelters reproduces gender binaries through laws. 

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  • 90.
    Bach, Claire Marie Valérie
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning an academic cluster to achieve social inclusion – is it possible?: An exploration about young residents’ perceptions of Paris-Saclay, France2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a mega project in relation with its local proximity is a major challenge in urban planning. This study explores young residents’ perceptions of Paris-Saclay, France, an academic mega cluster in the south of Paris. The intent is to understand the role an academic mega project can play in the reduction of social inequalities at a local scale, among young residents. Research about mega projects and academic clusters in relation to the local environment is a growing research field in planning research. To explore young residents’ perceptions is however an underexplored issue, but of high relevance considering that young French people face growing inequalities reflected in the urban fabric. An empirical study has been carried out to explore young people’s perceptions and attitudes towards the project by conducting focus group discussions in high schools inside and nearby the area of the academic cluster. The results show that the geographical proximity does not influence the respondents’ perceived connection to the academic cluster to a greater extent, rather, it is the respondents’ personal social relations that are the key point to create a sense of connection to the academic cluster. Future planning actions may be oriented towards improving the communication of the project and to offer various networks between the academic cluster and the young population. Such initiatives will not "solve" social segregation but are seen as measures to improve the situation for young residents within the planner's responsibilities.

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  • 91.
    Backholm, Johan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban Redevelopment in Shenzhen, China: Neoliberal Urbanism, Gentrification, and Everyday Life in Baishizhou Urban Village2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban redevelopment is increasingly used as a policy tool for economic growth by local governments in Chinese cities, which is taking place amid rapid urbanization and in an expanding globalized economy. Along with the spatial transformation, urban redevelopment often entails socioeconomic change in the form of processes of gentrification, which is propelled by the dominance of neoliberal market-oriented policy and practice in the country. This thesis analyzes the spatial political economy of urban redevelopment in China through a case study on Baishizhou urban village in Shenzhen in south-eastern China. Setting out from the broad concern over urban inequality, socio-spatial segregation, ‘the right to the city’, and sustainability in contemporary critical urban theory, the thesis constructs a theoretical framework involving the concepts of neoliberal urbanism, gentrification, sustainable urban development, as well as ‘bottom-up urbanism’ approaches. Employing this framework, the case study conducts a macro-level city comprehensive plan analysis, a meso-level urban village redevelopment site plan analysis, and micro-level interview study and ethnographic observations of everyday life and space in the urban village. On the basis of this study, the thesis makes the arguments that: Neoliberal urbanism is certainly active in the spatial political economy of urban redevelopment in Shenzhen and China, and is markedly state-led under authoritarian governance structures that encourage increased marketization; The ongoing processes of gentrification in the urban village are intertwined with local and national political systems and social arrangements, and cause stress for the migrant tenants of the urban village, which clearly is not in line with the urban sustainability discourse of the UN’s New Urban Agenda; The tactic responses and individual coping-strategies found in the urban village reveals a condition of both precarity and agency in the everyday lives of the often marginalized poor that inhabit this urban space, which in turn point at emergent alternative urban (re)development trajectories. Moreover, the bottom-up urbanism approach sheds light on both discrepancy and compliance with the dominant top-down redevelopment policy, and is further suggested to inform the production of policy frameworks that can better facilitate local implementation of the New Urban Agenda in China.

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  • 92.
    Backlund, Filippa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Konsten att föra dialog: En studie av tre projekt där konstnärer engagerats i syfte att föra medborgardialog2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of conceptual art and artists in processes related to urban planning seems to be increasing. This essay aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of what artists can contribute with in such processes, specifically those in which the aim is to strengthen democracy. The subject is approached by investigating three projects where artists have been engaged in order to perform citizen dialogues. The research questions that are formulated in order to investigate this concern the aim of engaging artists and for artists to be engaged in such processes, the roles and functions of the artists, and the perceived effects of the artists’ involvement. Interviews were conducted with the artists and officials whom had worked with the projects. One result of the study is that there are common views across the three projects about the artists and what they might contribute with in planning processes, mainly regarding their perceived ability to bring new perspectives and unexpected outcomes. The artists had the roles of mediators, advocates for groups, and a person that could problematize and create space for officials to problematize structures and situations. This was legitimized through the artists’ roles as artists. Further, the projects created spaces for discussion across the public administrations in the municipalities, which was accredited to the involvement of the artists. Another important result of the study is that in two of the projects, the artists’ way of bringing up the uncomfortable or unexpected was in some occasions not accepted by the municipality. This highlights a paradoxical attitude towards the artists, since they were largely engaged in order to contribute with something new and unexpected.

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  • 93. Bai, Wei
    et al.
    Yin, Ying
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    LEARNING FROM TWO SWEDISH EXAMPLES OF SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTIn: City Planning Review, ISSN 1002-1329Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Bakhaya, Jeanette
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kassem, Farah
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Platser som attraherar cannabislangning i stadsmiljön: En observationsstudie i stadsplaneringen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past few years, dealing cannabis has led to conflicts, and had a significant role in the increased numbers of fatal shootings in Sweden. Hence, measures to solve the issue are undoubtedly needed to prevent these consequences. Additionally, part of the global sustainability goals in the UN's Agenda 2030 is about promoting social sustainability by, among other things, increasing the safety and security of the urban environment. The aim of this study is to examine the places in the urban environment that attract the dealing of cannabis to map when, where, and in what situation the crime occurs. Consequently, the possibility of identifying different changes to the environmental design enables the prevention of crime and promotion of safety. 

    To achieve the purpose of the study, a sample of 25 crime scenes in Stockholm County were examined during the evening and night, based on data from the Swedish police authority. Once in place, a template, called “Trygga Platser Mallen” (Safe Places Template), was filled in on an ongoing basis, while the physical environment was photographed at the same time. The results were then compiled and analyzed based on various safety and security principles, as well as theories. The study is delimited and therefore only contains 25 crime scenes in the Stockholm region. Also, the cannabis exchange at those places occurred during the evening between 6 pm and 1 am. 

    The results of the study show that there are many environmental factors that interact in a setting where dealing cannabis takes place. In essence, cannabis crime is strongly linked to the social interaction between people. However, the physical aspect facilitates the execution of the crime. The results show that the conditions of the environment in the evenings enable cannabis dealing because dealers are less likely to be seen, making it easier to sell. Additionally, most businesses close during the evening, which greatly reduces the flow of people, and the natural surveillance deteriorates. At a micro level, the results show that the physical properties that facilitate cannabis dealing are streets, walking paths, and greenery. The reason is most likely due to the streets increasing the accessibility and flow to these places. Moreover, walking paths provide an opportunity for cross paths between potential customers and dealers. Furthermore, the greenery obstructs formal and informal surveillance. 

    However, there are approaches to prevent the dealing of cannabis, such as combining methods for crime prevention through urban design and focusing on the improvement of social cohesion in different areas. An example would be to create spaces that encourage social interactions and activities at all hours of the day. Essentially, it is necessary to gain a deeper knowledge of the places that attract the dealing in cannabis to create safer spaces that discourages crime. Lastly, this project ends with a critical discussion of the methods and mentions recommendations for future studies.

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  • 95.
    Balfors, Berit
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Management and Assessment.
    Mörtberg, Ulla
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Management and Assessment.
    Gontier, Mikael
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Management and Assessment.
    Brokking, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Impacts of region-wide urban development on biodiversity in strategic environmental assessment2005In: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, ISSN 1464-3332, E-ISSN 1757-5605, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 229-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In urbanising regions, urban sprawl and infrastructure cause profound alterations of natural habitats. Initial decisions on urban expansion and major infrastructure investments are often made on a strategic level where the long-term development of a region is determined. For these types of decisions a strategic environmental assessment can be prepared. However, the lack of an adequate conceptual and methodological framework can pose a major problem for the prediction of impacts, not least concerning biodiversity. This paper will highlight the need for effective methods for biodiversity analysis at landscape and regional levels, with reference to the long-term urban development of the Stockholm and Mälaren regions. Problems of habitat loss, fragmentation and other impacts related to large-scale urbanisation and infrastructure developments will be addressed. GIS-based methods focusing on predictive ecological modelling will be discussed in a scenario context. The implementation of such methodologies in the strategic environmental assessment process would allow a better integration of biodiversity in planning and decision-making, further promoting a sustainable planning system.

  • 96.
    Balogh, Samu Márton
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Perceived safety of cyclists: The role of road attributes2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    Although the lack of perceived safety is an important deterrent to cycling, available knowledge is not comprehensive enough. The aim of this research is to contribute to academic knowledge by exploring the role of road section attributes in perceived safety of cyclists and to develop a method to use the theoretical results in practice.

    Methods

    A stated choice survey is carried out to estimate the effects of selected infrastructure attributes on perceived safety. A multinomial logit (MNL) model is used to estimate the effects. Results are used to develop an infrastructure assessment tool by counting aggregate perceived safety utility values of road sections.

    Results

    Cyclists perceive the presence of dedicated cycling facilities and physical separation similarly important, while other attributes (traffic volume, speed reduction and adjacent car parking) turned out to be less important. The Subjective Safety Score can be consciously used to evaluate existing and planned road sections and compare different design alternatives.

    Conclusions

    The results give a strong support for using physically separated cycling facilities (cycle tracks for example) to engage people to cycling. Further research is recommended to explore the effects of intersection attributes and to include interaction effects of attributes as well.

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  • 97.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Assessing the safety and quality of the indoor environment of senior housing: A Swedish case study2017In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this article are to assess the safety quality of the indoor living environment of senior housing in Hässelgården, Stockholm Municipality (Sweden’s capital), and to suggest improvement strategies. First, the physical indoor environment of older adults is examined via a fieldwork checklist devised in accordance with the principles of universal design (UD). Second, their indoor environment is assessed through a survey that includes subjective questions about seniors’ use of space, experience of falls, and safety perception. Third, the study explores whether the applications of UD in the seniors’ indoor living environment contribute to the understanding of their use of space, experience of falls, and safety perception. Fieldwork inspections and a detailed survey with residents are used as a basis for the empirical analysis. Findings indicate that the living room has the highest UD score compared with those for the kitchen and the bedroom. The elderly spend most of their time in the living room and the kitchen. A low UD score (e.g. kitchen and bedroom) is associated with a higher number of falls but not with low levels of safety perception and use of space. The article concludes with suggestions to improve housing safety of Hässelgården’s senior housing, which may also help prevent falls in the older population elsewhere.

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  • 98.
    Bamzar, Roya
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to provide a better understanding of the issues of safe mobility ‎for the elderly population in Sweden. ‎This is achieved first by assessing the geography and patterns of ‎elderly falls at the county level and then by conducting a detailed survey with residents in senior ‎housing to investigate the relationship between indoor and/or outdoor environmental ‎characteristics and elderly safety. Safety is regarded as a multidimensional concept that ‎involves risk of falls, crime victimization and elderly people’s perception of their ‎overall safety. Using a case study approach, the study also assesses the types of outdoor places where most crimes ‎against the elderly take place and the types of places most feared by them. The study ‎adapts a set of qualitative and quantitative methods ‎to capture the nature of the phenomena; trends, patterns and frameworks that support ‎the analysis and implications of the results for both research and practice. The findings show ‎that elderly falls in Sweden vary geographically and exhibit gender, age, environmental, and socio-‎economic differences. The mobility of the older population is influenced by their ‎perceived safety in indoor and outdoor environments. Certain features of apartment layout and furniture arrangement are identified as potential causes of falls. Older adults’ ‎perception of safety exhibits a distance-decay effect from their senior housing building. Distance decay indicates that safety is deemed highest closest to their homes and decreases as the distance increases. There are indications that older adults take longer routes and increase their mobility because they are fearful at certain spots in their neighbourhood. The thesis ‎concludes with a discussion of the results and implications for both research and policy making at the local and ‎county levels. ‎

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    Paper I Roya Bamzar
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    Paper II Roya Bamzar
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    Paper III Roya Bamzar
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    Paper IV Roya Bamzar
  • 99.
    Bamzar, Roya
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The regional ecology of elderly falls in Sweden2016In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 81, no 1, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study assesses exploratory the geography of the elderly fall in Sweden in relation to the ecology of the socio-demographic characteristics of the Swedes older population. Kendall Test is used to measure the association between elderly fall rates and demographic, socio-economic characteristics of the population, costs of elderly care and accessibility measures at county level. Results show a number of significant associations: high rates of the elderly fall are associated with high cost of the elderly care but also low rate of elderly fall and good accessibility to basic services (e.g., grocery store, health care and cash machines). The articles finalizes with reflections of the results and suggestions for future research.

  • 100.
    Ban, Yifang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatics.
    Jakobsson, Pontus
    Kjelldhal, Lars
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI.
    Ranhagen, Ulf
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Visualization in ViSuCity: a tool for sustainable city planning2011In: SIGRAD2011, 2011, p. 105-109Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives an overview of several aspects of visualization for city planning as they were used in the projectViSuCity. The overall objective of ViSuCity is to develop an effective web-based, interactive visualization demonstrator,ViSuCity, to support sustainable city planning in terms of information sharing, analysis, development,presentation and communication of ideas and proposals throughout the city planning processes. In this paper, wediscuss and show some results regarding LOD, scalability, streaming, and examples of visualization of roads, etcthat are important for city planning.

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