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  • 51.
    Nassar, Hani
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    On the effect of strain on peritectic reactions and transformations in Fe-Ni and Fe-Cu binary alloys2009In: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 22, no 1-4, p. 232-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Differential thermal analysis (DTA) experiments conducted on Fe-Ni and Fe-Cu alloys showed undercooling below the equilibrium peritectic temperatures, T-P. The intervals between the observed liquidus and peritectic temperatures were on average 11 degrees C and 8 degrees C larger than the intervals obtained from equilibrium phase diagrams of Fe-Ni and Fe-Cu respectively. The transformation from delta-Fe to gamma-Fe during the peritectic reaction is associated with density change and strain build up at the delta-Fe/gamma-Fe interface. Thermodynamic calculations showed that by introducing the strain energy at the delta-Fe/gamma-Fe interface, T-P dropped 9 K below its equilibrium value and the increase in the liquidus-to-peritectic temperature interval was in reasonable agreement with the experimental observations. The growth rate of gamma-Fe during a peritectic transformation was calculated based on the strain-induced undercooling in T-P and the results showed partial agreement with observations obtained from CSLM directional solidification experiments conducted earlier on Fe-Ni alloys.

  • 52.
    Nassar, Hani
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Korojy, Bahman
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    A study of shell growth irregularities in continuously cast 310S stainless steel2009In: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, E-ISSN 1743-2812, Vol. 36, no 7, p. 521-528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growth irregularities in continuous casting are believed to be associated with crack formation and breakouts. Differential thermal analysis on 310S stainless steel samples indicated primary precipitations of both austenite and ferrite during solidification. In tensile tests on solidifying samples, abrupt shrinkages in volume were detected in the peritectic range of temperatures. Micrographic and microsegregation analysis on samples extracted from a breakout shell revealed high ratios of primary-precipitated austenite in the thick sections of the shell, and high ratios of primary-precipitated ferrite in the thin sections. Alternating precipitations of austenite and ferrite are proposed to occur during solidification. Regions of the shell with high ratios of primary austenite remain in contact with the mould and exhibit high growth rates, whereas regions with high ratios of primary ferrite shrink in volume due to the ferrite to austenite transformation, which results in the formation of air gaps between the shell and the mould and reductions in growth rate.

  • 53.
    Nordström, Joakim
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Straightening and its influence on the final mechanical properties in cold worked stainless steel2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this investigation was to clarify when or if specific grades will soften or harden during the straightening process in a seven roll cross roll straightening machine. The aim was solely made to include tubes which had been cold worked to achieve high yield strength levels.

    The straightening process will induce lengthwise tensile and compressive stress and strain. According to theory straightening could therefore also induce considerable Bauschinger effect. 

    Physical tests, with material from pilgered tubes, in a laboratory environment were performed to give a well-defined set up of the strain levels and sign of the same. Real in process trials were also performed. Parallel to the physical laboratory tests and the real process tests a FEM-simulation and a FEM-model to calculate strain levels was developed. 

    Two material types were investigated, but the results are only unambiguous for material A. Further investigations need to be done on material B to give a clear picture.

  • 54.
    Owais, Tariq Muhammad
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Impact of pressure on Sintering of Cemented Carbides2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this Master Thesis work, the effect of pressure on sintering of cemented carbides is investigated. Special focus hasbeen given to the residual porosity after sintering. It is well known that sintering shrinkage depends on binder phasecontent, grain size, temperature and pressure. Thus 4 different cemented carbides grades were selected. The gradeswere pressed into standard products and TRS (Tensile Rupture Strength) rods with two different shrinkage factors.These were then sintered at different pressures and temperatures. Thereafter the impact of pressure on propertiessuch as Density, Coercivity, Porosity and TRS were analyzed. The observations were further supported with Weibullprobability analysis and fracture surface analysis in SEM.It has been shown that there exists a distinct threshold pressure at which significant reduction in porosity occurs forgiven compacted densities. For 3 out of 4 cemented carbide grades it has been observed that P2 sintering pressure issufficient to meet desired product characteristics. The fourth grade required a minimum sintering pressure of P4 toachieve desired quality criteria. Moreover it has been concluded that an increased sintering pressure increasesmaterial strength, as compared to vacuum sintering, thereby reducing the amount of early failures caused by poresduring TRS test.                                    Keywords: Cemented Carbides, Pressurized Sintering, Tungsten carbide, Porosity, Vacuum sintering, TensileRupture Strength, Weibull analysis, Fracture surface analysis.

  • 55. Peet, Mathew James
    et al.
    Hulme-Smith, Christopher
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing. University Of Cambridge.
    Stone, H. J.
    Partitioning and supersaturation of carbon in low-temperature bainite2015In: PTM 2015 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Ranganathan, Sathees
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Makaya, Advenit
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Influence of Mo in the structure of rapidly solidified Fe-Mo-Cr-Mn-Si-C alloy2009In: International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, E-ISSN 1743-1336, Vol. 22, no 1-4, p. 264-267Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An Fe-Mo-Cr-Mn-Si-C alloy was prepared in an induction furnace and was cast into cylindrical rod in a copper mould in castmatic equipment (low pressure casting). A single phase non-equilibrium featureless (no visible microstructures after deep etching) phase was observed over a certain range of thickness of the rod. In this present work, the extent of the featureless phase was studied with different concentrations of Mo (5-25 wt-%) for 5.5 mm diameter of cylindrical rod at a cooling rate of 1100 K s(-1). Light optical microscopy, scanning electron Microscopy and Vickers hardness tests were used to analyse the samples. The amount of the featureless area varies as the Mo content changes and the maximum featureless area was obtained for 7 wt-% of Mo. This single phase featureless structure exhibits very high hardness (>1350 HV) which can be used in many interesting applications with or without suitable heat treatments.

  • 57.
    Sanet, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Nassar, Hani
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Hot Working Behaviour of Cast Metal Samples2009Report (Other academic)
  • 58. Tinoco, J.
    et al.
    Widell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Metal spray deposition of cylindrical preforms2005In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 413, p. 56-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of deposition experiments were carried out in a metal spray deposition facility for cylindrical preforms, at Sandvik Steel AB. Thick layers of modified Inconel 625 were sprayed over steel bars 170 mm in diameter and 8 m long. The rods were at room temperature during the deposition process. The effect of rotational velocity and fraction solidified in the spray was studied. Measurements of grain length intercept and porosity content were performed, as well as estimations of the shape of the actual deposition profile. Microprobe analysis was accomplished in different locations on the samples. A computational fluid dynamic model is implemented together with a continuum heat transfer model in order to facilitate the analysis. The range of the rotational velocity studied did not show any large effect on the formation of the base porosity. Three main zones were identified in the microstructure, i.e. porous-dendritic, transition and equiaxed. The segregation patterns suggested that a chemical homogenization occurred during the process. This was supported by the results of the numerical calculations.

  • 59. Åberg, J.
    et al.
    Vynnycky, M.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Heat-flux measurements of industrial on-site continuous copper casting and their use as boundary conditions for numerical simulations2009In: Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, ISSN 0019-493X, Vol. 62, no 4-5, p. 443-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An embedded sensor, designed for rapid and accurate response times and using wireless data transmission, has been developed for the on-site measurement of temperatures in industrial continuous casting moulds. The sensor has been used to measure the temperature at several points in the mould during production in a Southwire copper casting process. The measured data has been used to calculate the temperature gradient in the mould to estimate the heat flux through it; this is then used as a boundary condition for numerical simulations of solidification. For these, we employ a method that tracks the solidification front explicitly; this has an advantage over fixed-grid methods in simulations for materials having a short solidification interval, since the release of latent heat at the solidification front can be resolved without resorting to a very fine mesh. The special considerations required for setting the initial condition for the numerical scheme and the time taken for the superheated melt to form a solid shell are also discussed.

  • 60.
    Åberg, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    An On-site Industrial Experimental Heat Flux Study during Solidification of Pure Copper in the Southwire Process2007In: T INDIAN I METALS, ISSN 0972-2815, Vol. 60, no 2-3, p. 191-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To study the production of pure copper and copper alloys in the Southwire process the temperature in the mould has been measured on-site in the production process in a number of positions. To increase the accuracy and robustness of measurements a new type of thermocouple based temperature sensor has been developed and tested. The test system includes wireless transmission of measured data from the moving mould. The results from the measurements are then used to calculate the energy transfer rate from the solidifying shell as a function of time. An initial in-situ measurement campaign has been performed and the results are very promising.

  • 61.
    Åberg, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Vynnycky, Michael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Faxén Laboratory.
    Widell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Development of a finite element model for study of the developing stress and strain in a solidifying shell2006Report (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Åberg, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Widell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Fredriksson, Hasse
    Intrinsic Material Damping in Mg, Al and Fe Alloys and a Discussion of its Dependence on the Internal Structure of the Material2006Report (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Åberg, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Widell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
    Larsson, Petra
    Investigation of the Damping in Twelve Metallic Plates Using Frequency Response2006Report (Other academic)
12 51 - 63 of 63
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