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  • 51.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    et al.
    KTH. RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Van Kerrebrouck, Joris
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Ozolins, Oskars
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Lin, Rui
    KTH. Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Zhang, Lu
    KTH.
    Spiga, Silvia
    Tech Univ Munich, Walter Schottky Inst, Garching, Germany..
    Amann, Markus C.
    Tech Univ Munich, Walter Schottky Inst, Garching, Germany..
    Van Steenberge, Geert
    Univ Ghent, Imec, CMST, Ghent, Belgium..
    Gan, Lin
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tang, Ming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Fu, Songnian
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH.
    Liu, Deming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tong, Weijun
    Yangtze Opt Fiber & Cable Joint Stock Ltd Co, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Torfs, Guy
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Bauwelinck, Johan
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Yin, Xin
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH.
    7x100 Gbps PAM-4 Transmission over 1-km and 10-km Single Mode 7-core Fiber using 1.5-mu m SM-VCSEL2018In: 2018 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION (OFC), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    100 Gbps/lambda/core PAM-4 transmission is successfully demonstrated over 1-km and 10km single mode 7-core fiber links, enabled by directly modulated 1.5-mu m single mode VCSEL of 23 GHz modulation bandwidth with pre-and post-digital equalizations.

  • 52.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). Infinera, Fredsborgsgatan 24, Stockholm, SE-117 43, Sweden.
    Zhang, Lu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, Oskars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Udalcovs, A.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Schats, Richard
    KTH.
    Xiao, S.
    Hu, W.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Key technologies to enable terabit-scale digital radio-over-fiber systems2019In: Broadband Access Communication Technologies XIII, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2019, Vol. 10945, article id 109450EConference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the approach of the 5G era, stringent requirements are imposed on the data transport solutions, including both of the supported transmission reach and the capacity. Radio-over-fiber technologies are considered to be promising candidates to cope with both aspects, owing to the low-loss and broad-bandwidth nature of the optical fibers. Meanwhile with such optical transport solutions, signals can be collected from the distributed remote radio sites and processed in a centralized manner. In this report, we target on the digital radio-over-fiber systems, and discuss about several key technologies, focusing on the aspects of coding and transmission, which could potentially enable terabit-scale data transport.

  • 53. Shen, X.
    et al.
    He, Sailing
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Medium access control protocol and resource allocation for passive optical interconnects2017In: Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, ISSN 1943-0620, E-ISSN 1943-0639, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 555-562, article id 8000262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Passive optical interconnects (POIs) have recently been considered as a promising solution to offer high bandwidth and low power consumption for data center networks. This paper proposes a medium access control protocol for a POI based on arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) to facilitate efficient collision-free communications. In order to efficiently accommodate bursty traffic generated by the servers in the data center, we develop a tailored dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithm, which is able to schedule resources in both time and spectrum. In the simulation, not only the impact of DBA algorithm parameters but also the system configurations, such as wavelength tuning time, line rate, and the size of the interconnect, have been investigated. For a typical link utilization on an optical interconnect at the top of the rack, the proposed resource allocation scheme ensures both low latency (<0.1 ms) and a low frame drop ratio (almost zero).

  • 54.
    Shen, Xiaoman
    et al.
    Zhejiang Univ, Ctr Opt Electromagnet Res, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    He, Sailing
    Zhejiang Univ, Ctr Opt Electromagnet Res, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Minimizing Registration Overhead for Multipoint-to-Multipoint Communication in Passive Optical Interconnects2017In: 2017 OPTO-ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE (OECC) AND PHOTONICS GLOBAL CONFERENCE (PGC), IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To facilitate the conflict-free multipoint-to-multipoint communications in data center networks, we propose and evaluate two registration schemes, which are able to utilize the minimum amount of control frames exchange for the polling based medium access control protocol in passive optical interconnects electronic.

  • 55. Udalcovs, A.
    et al.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, O.
    Gan, L.
    Zhang, Lu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Pang, X.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Electronics.
    Djupsjöbacka, A.
    Tang, M.
    Fu, S.
    Liu, D.
    Tong, W.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, G.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Inter-Core Crosstalk in Multicore Fibers: Impact on 56-Gbaud/λ/Core PAM-4 Transmission2018In: European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate the impact of inter-core crosstalk in multicore fibers on 56-Gbaud PAM-4 signal quality after 2.5-km transmission over a weakly-coupled and uncoupled seven-core fibers, revealing the crosstalk dependence on carrier central wavelength in range of 1540-1560 nm.

  • 56.
    Udalcovs, A.
    et al.
    Sweden.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, O.
    Sweden.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Gan, L.
    China.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Djupsjöbacka, A.
    Sweden.
    Mårtensson, J.
    Sweden.
    Tang, M.
    China.
    Fu, S.
    China.
    Liu, D.
    China.
    Tong, W.
    China.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, G.
    Sweden.
    MCF-enabled self-homodyne 16/64QAM transmission for SDM optical access networks2018In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, OSA - The Optical Society , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate a 28-Gbaud circular and square 16/64QAM transmission over a 33.6-km long seven-core fiber with the LO passed through one of the cores for self-homodyne coherent detection employing a low-complexity digital signal processing.

  • 57. Van, Dung Pham
    et al.
    Fiorani, Matteo
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Adaptive Open-Shop Scheduling for Optical Interconnection Networks2017In: Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN 0733-8724, E-ISSN 1558-2213, Vol. 35, no 13, p. 2503-2513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with resource management in optical interconnection networks. It first proposes an optical resource management framework as a platform to develop and evaluate efficient solutions for multipoint-to-multipoint optical communication systems with a centralized controller. The paper then focuses on studying the optical resource scheduling (ORS) problem as a core element in the framework by applying the classical open-shop scheduling theory. The ORS problem can therefore be solved by adopting the existing preemptive and nonpreemptive open-shop scheduling algorithms. In an optical network with nonnegligible reconfiguration delay, a preemptive algorithm may incur high reconfiguration overhead resulting in worse performance compared to the nonpreemptive strategy. Motivated by this fact, this paper proposes an adaptive open-shop scheduling (AOS) algorithm that dynamically decides the optimal scheduling strategy according to traffic condition and system parameters, such as reconfiguration delay, nonpreemptive approximation ratio, and number of involved optical interfaces. The solution is assessed by means of an analytical model that allows to quantify the network performance in terms of packet delay and potential energy savings obtained by the sleep mode operation. As a possible application scenario, the inter- and intrarack optical interconnection networks in data centres are considered. Analytical results demonstrate how the proposed AOS outperforms the nonpreemptive and preemptive scheduling strategies for typical configurations used in data center networks. In addition, the reconfiguration delay and wake-up time of optical devices are identified as performance-determining factors.

  • 58.
    Van, Dung Pham
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Rimal, Bhaskar Prasad
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Maier, Martin
    Power-Saving Methods for Internet of Things over Converged Fiber-Wireless Access Networks2016In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 54, no 11, p. 166-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The IoT has been emerging as the next big leap in the information and communication technology sector. Providing a unified communication platform to support billions of smart connected devices seamlessly alongside existing voice and Internet services is vitally challenging. This article leverages converged fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks to design a shared communication infrastructure for supporting both IoT applications and traditional services. Given the paramount importance of energy efficiency in both IoT and access networks, the article discusses the possibilities and potential challenges of designing and implementing power-saving mechanisms to prolong battery life of IoT devices while reducing energy consumption of the optical backhaul network. In-depth technical guidelines are provided through end-to-end power-saving solutions proposed for typical IoT deployment scenarios.

  • 59.
    Van Kerrebrouck, J.
    et al.
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Zhang, Lijia
    KTH. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, SE IEE, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Lin, Rui
    KTH.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH. RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Udalcovs, A.
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Ozolins, O.
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Spiga, S.
    Walter Schottky Inst, Coulombwall 4, Garching, Germany..
    Amann, M. C.
    Walter Schottky Inst, Coulombwall 4, Garching, Germany..
    Van Steenberge, G.
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, CMST, Ghent, Belgium..
    Gan, L.
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tang, M.
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Fu, S.
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH.
    Liu, D.
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tong, W.
    Yangtze Opt Fiber & Cable Joint Stock Ltd Co, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, S.
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, SE IEE, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Torfs, G.
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH.
    Bauwelinck, J.
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    Yin, X.
    Univ Ghent, Imec, INTEC, IDLab, Ghent, Belgium..
    726.7-Gb/s 1.5-mu m Single-Mode VCSEL Discrete Multi-Tone Transmission over 2.5-km Multicore Fiber2018In: 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition, OFC 2018 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A 107Gb/s net-rate DMT optical signal was generated using a single-mode long-wavelength VCSEL with a modulation bandwidth of 23GHz. We experimentally demonstrated a total net-rate up to 726.7Gb/s at 1.5 mu m over 2.5km 7-core dispersion-uncompensated MCF.

  • 60.
    Van Kerrebrouck, Joris
    et al.
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, Oskars
    RISE Acreo AB, NETLAB, S-16425 Kista, Sweden..
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Acreo AB, NETLAB, S-16425 Kista, Sweden..
    Zhang, Lu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Li, Haolin
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Spiga, Silvia
    Tech Univ Munich, Walter Schottky Inst, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Amann, Markus-Christian
    Tech Univ Munich, Walter Schottky Inst, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Gan, Lin
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tang, Ming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Fu, Songnian
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    RISE Acreo AB, NETLAB, S-16425 Kista, Sweden..
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Liu, Deming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan Natl Lab Optoelect, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tong, Weijun
    Yangtze Opt Fibre & Cable Co Ltd, Wuhan 430073, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Torfs, Guy
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Bauwelinck, Johan
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Yin, Xin
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    High-Speed PAM4-Based Optical SDM Interconnects With Directly Modulated Long-Wavelength VCSEL2019In: Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN 0733-8724, E-ISSN 1558-2213, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 356-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the demonstration of high-speed PAM-4 transmission using a 1.5-mu m single-mode vertical cavity surface emitting laser (SM-VCSEL) over multicore fiber with 7 cores over different distances. We have successfully generated up to 70 Gbaud 4-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) signals with a VCSEL in optical back-to-back, and transmitted 50 Gbaud PAM-4 signals over both 1-km dispersion-uncompensated and 10-km dispersion-compensated in each core, enabling a total data throughput of 700 Gbps over the 7-core fiber. Moreover, 56 Gbaud PAM-4 over 1-km have also been shown, whereby unfortunately not all cores provide the required 3.8 x 10(-3) bit error rate (BER) for the 7% overhead-hard decision forward error correction (7% OH-HDFEC). The limited bandwidth of the VCSEL and the adverse chromatic dispersion of the fiber are suppressed with preequalization based on accurate end-to-end channel characterizations. With a digital postequalization, BER performance below the 7% OH-HDFEC limit is achieved over all cores. The demonstrated results show a great potential to realize high-capacity and compact short-reach optical interconnects for data centers.

  • 61. Verplaetse, Michiel
    et al.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Van Kerrebrouck, Joris
    Ozolins, Oskars
    De Keulenaer, Timothy
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Pierco, Ramses
    Vaernewyck, Renato
    Vyncke, Arno
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Sweden.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Torfs, Guy
    Bauwelinck, Johan
    Yin, Xin
    Real-Time 100 Gb/s Transmission Using Three-Level Electrical Duobinary Modulation for Short-Reach Optical Interconnects2017In: Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN 0733-8724, E-ISSN 1558-2213, Vol. 35, no 7, p. 1313-1319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrical duobinary modulation is considered as a promising way to realize high capacity because of the low bandwidth requirement on the optical/electrical components and high tolerance toward chromatic dispersion. In this paper, we demonstrate a 100 Gb/s electrical duobinary transmission over 2 km standard single-mode fiber reaching a bit error rate under 7% HD-FEC threshold with the use of PRBS7. This link is tested in real-time without any form of digital signal processing. In-house developed SiGe BiCMOS transmitter and receiver ICs are used to drive an electroabsorption modulated laser and decode the received signal from a PIN-photodiode. The performance of 50 and 70 Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero and electrical duobinary transmission are investigated for comparison.

  • 62.
    Wang, Kun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). RISE Acreo.
    Gavler, Anders
    RISE Acreo.
    Mas Machuca, Carmen
    Technical University of Munich.
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Brunnström, Kjell
    RISE Acreo.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Migration Strategies for FTTx Solutions based on Active Optical Networks2016In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 78-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AON, one of the most deployed fiber access solutions in Europe, needs to be upgraded in order to satisfy the ever growing bandwidth demand driven by new applications and services. Meanwhile, network providers want to reduce both capital expenditures and operational expenditures to ensure that there is profit coming from their investments. This article proposes several migration strategies for AON from the data plane, topology, and control plane perspectives, and investigates their impact on the total cost of ownership.

  • 63.
    Wang, Kun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). RISE Acreo.
    Mas Machuca, Carmen
    Technical University of Munich.
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Urban, Patryk J.
    Ericsson.
    Gavler, Anders
    RISE Acreo.
    Brunnström, Kjell
    RISE Acreo.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Techno-Economic Analysis of Active Optical Network Migration Toward Next-Generation Optical Access2017In: Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, ISSN 1943-0620, E-ISSN 1943-0639, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 327-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Active optical networks (AONs) have been one of the most deployed fiber access solutions in Europe. However, with the increasing traffic demand, the capacity of the existing AONs is becoming insufficient. For the legacy AONs, there are two major variants of architectures, namely, point-to-point and active star. Considering the different characteristics of these two AON architectures, this paper proposes and analyzes several migration paths toward next-generation optical access (NGOA) networks offering a minimum 300 Mbit/s sustainable bit rate and 1 Gbit/s peak bit rate to every end customer. Furthermore, this paper provides detailed descriptions of the network cost modeling and the processes for AON migration. The total cost of ownership (TCO) is evaluated for the proposed migration paths, taking into account different migration starting times, customer penetration, node consolidation, and business roles in the fiber access networks. The migration from AON to NGOA can be economically feasible. The results indicate that a network provider plays a key business role and is responsible for the major part of the TCO for AON migration. Moreover, performing node consolidation during AON migration can be beneficial from a cost point of view, especially in rural areas.

  • 64. Wiatr, P
    et al.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Yuan, D.
    Device reliability performance awareness: Impact of RWA on EDFA failure reparation cost in optical networks2017In: Proceedings of 2017 9th International Workshop on Resilient Networks Design and Modeling, RNDM 2017, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High reliability performance of network is essential to minimize the possible network service interruption time, particularly in optical backbone networks where a large amount of data can be affected by a single failure. The existing studies on improvement of network reliability performance assume that failures of network devices are not related to the traffic load, which on the other hand, is not always true. For example, the lifetime of erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) depends on the number of amplified lightpaths passing through. Encouraged by this observation, in this paper, we investigate the impact of used routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) algorithm on the number of failures in the network, and as a consequence on the network operational cost related to the failure reparation. We propose and evaluate a novel RWA approach, referred to as reliability performance aware RWA (RA-RWA), taking into account particular EDFA reliability performance characteristics with the goal of reducing the number of EDFA failures. The assessment results show that the operational cost related to EDFA failure reparation is impacted by the chosen RWA. The proposed RA-RWA provides 6% reduction, while other analyzed RWA algorithm, i.e., least loaded path (LLP), causes significant rise (up to 27%) of EDFA related failure reparation cost compared to the classical shortest path (SP) approach. In addition, RA-RWA offers further benefits in terms of reduced blocking probability compared to the SP. Concluding, we show that considering device reliability performance characteristics in RWA is important for the optical network operators as it can impact the network operational cost related to EDFA failure reparation.

  • 65.
    Wiatr, Pawel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Yuan, Di
    Device Reliability Performance Awareness: Impact of RWA on EDFA Failure Reparation Cost in Optical Networks2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    High reliability performance of network is essential to minimize the possible network service interruption time, particularly in optical backbone networks where a large amount of data can be affected by a single failure. The existing studies on improvement of network reliability performance assume that failures of network devices are not related to the traffic load, which on the other hand, is not always true. For example, the lifetime of erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) depends on the number of amplified lightpaths passing through. Encouraged by this observation, in this paper, we investigate the impact of used routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) algorithm on the number of failures in the network, and as a consequence on the network operational cost related to the failure reparation. We propose and evaluate a novel RWA approach, referred to as reliability performance aware RWA (RA-RWA), taking into account particular EDFA reliability performance characteristics with the goal of reducing the number of EDFA failures. The assessment results show that the operational cost related to EDFA failure reparation is impacted by the chosen RWA. The proposed RA-RWA provides 6% reduction, while other analyzed RWA algorithm, i.e., least loaded path (LLP), causes significant rise (up to 27%) of EDFA related failure reparation cost compared to the classical shortest path (SP) approach. In addition, RA-RWA offers further benefits in terms of reduced blocking probability compared to the SP. Concluding, we show that considering device reliability performance characteristics in RWA is important for the optical network operators as it can impact the network operational cost related to EDFA failure reparation.

  • 66.
    Wiatr, Pawel
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Yuan, Di
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Routing and wavelength assignment vs. EDFA reliability performance in optical backbone networks: An operational cost perspective2019In: Optical Switching and Networkning Journal, ISSN 1573-4277, E-ISSN 1872-9770, Vol. 31, p. 211-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A failure in optical backbone network can cause tremendous consequences as a substantial number of connections often each carrying a large amount of data can be interrupted. Therefore, high reliability performance is essential for the network operators. Many existing works that aim at improving network reliability performance implicitly assume that the lifetime of devices is constant and independent of the traffic load. However, the reliability performance of a device is related to its occupancy. For example, the failure rate of erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) can be expressed as a function of the number of amplified wavelengths. On the other hand, the choice of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) algorithm impacts the link load and, as a consequence, can influence the number of EDFA failures in the network. In this paper we examine how RWA can impact the failure reparation related network operational costs. Several types of RWA approaches are considered, namely load-balancing, energy-awareness, and reliability-awareness. Among all the considered RWA algorithms, the reliability-aware RWA (RA-RWA) approach leverages on EDFA reliability profile to reduce the number of EDFA failures in the network and the related operational costs. The simulation results show that the RWA algorithm impacts in a significant way the operational costs caused by EDFA failures. The cost associated with reparation of an EDFA decreases by 7.8% (in case of RA-RWA) and increases by up to 40% (in case of a load-balancing approach) compared to the classical Shortest Path (SP) approach. Moreover, the cost caused by connection rerouting due to link unavailability triggered by EDFA failure exhibits a 20% decrease (RA-RWA) and up to 94% increase (energy-aware algorithm). We also analyze some key network performance metrics that may be affected by RWA, including blocking probability, link occupancy distribution, and path length.

  • 67.
    Wiatr, Pawel
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Yuan, Di
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Optical Interconnect Architectures for Datacenters2018In: 2018 IEEE PHOTONICS CONFERENCE (IPC), IEEE , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights the challenges faced by the current datacenter tworks, where using photonic technology offers a numbers of obvious vantages. Some existing optical intra-datacenter network architectures ll be presented along with new ideas allowing for reduction of energy nsumption and required spectrum resources.

  • 68.
    Wosinska, Lena
    et al.
    KTH.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH.
    Cheng, Yuxin
    KTH.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH.
    Optical Network Architectures and Technologies for Datacenters2017In: 2017 IEEE PHOTONICS SOCIETY SUMMER TOPICAL MEETING SERIES (SUM), IEEE , 2017, p. 111-112, article id 8012675Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper highlights the challenges related to the increasing importance of datacenter services, leading to dramatically growing datacenter traffic. The advantages of using photonic technology in intra-datacenter networks are discussed and a cross-layer view for network architecture design is presented.

  • 69.
    Xue, Lei
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Yi, Lilin
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Lu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Ozolins, Oskars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics. RISE AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pang, Xiaodan
    RISE AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Stockholm, Sweden.;Infinera, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    50-Gb/s Dispersion-unmanaged DMT Transmission with Injection Locked 10G-class 1.55-mu m DML2019In: 2019 CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS (CLEO), Optical Society of America, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate 50-Gb/s DMT signal transmission over 20-km SMF by using a 10G-class 1.55-mu m DML without optical dispersion compensation. Injection locking technique is introduced, which doubles system bandwidth and greatly suppresses DML chirp.

  • 70.
    Yaghoubi, Forough
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Rostami, Ahmad
    Corporate Research, Robert Bosch GmbH, Germany.
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Mitigation of Rain Impact on Microwave Backhaul Networks2016In: Workshop on Next Generation Backhaul/Fronthaul Networks, 2016, p. 134-139Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microwave backhaul networks are a cost-efficient option to support increasing capacity demands of mobile networks. However, inherent vulnerability of wireless backhauling to random fluctuations of the wireless channel complicates the design of reliable backhaul links. Long-lasting channel fluctuations such as rain fading may bring significant network performance degradation, and therefore, need to be carefully treated. This paper proposes a novel rain detection algorithm utilizing both temporal and spatial correlation of link status, aiming at efficiently distinguishing between long-term and shortterm channel fading. With this distinction, a central controller decides whether network-wide strategies, such as rerouting, are required to mitigate the effects of rain. The accuracy of the proposed detection method is evaluated by measuring false alarm and misdetection probabilities. Numerical results show high rain detection accuracy of the proposed algorithm. Consequently, the impact of imperfect rain detection on the network throughput performance and on the overhead imposed to the central controller becomes negligible.

  • 71.
    Yaghoubi, Forough
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Rostami, Ahmad
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Mitigation of Rain Impact on Microwave Backhaul Networks2016In: 2016 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 134-139Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microwave backhaul networks are a cost-efficient option to support increasing capacity demands of mobile networks. However, inherent vulnerability of wireless backhauling to random fluctuations of the wireless channel complicates the design of reliable backhaul links. Long-lasting channel fluctuations such as rain fading may bring significant network performance degradation, and therefore, need to be carefully treated. This paper proposes a novel rain detection algorithm utilizing both temporal and spatial correlation of link status, aiming at efficiently distinguishing between long-term and short-term channel fading. With this distinction, a central controller decides whether network-wide strategies, such as rerouting, are required to mitigate the effects of rain. The accuracy of the proposed detection method is evaluated by measuring false alarm and misdetection probabilities. Numerical results show high rain detection accuracy of the proposed algorithm. Consequently, the impact of imperfect rain detection on the network throughput performance and on the overhead imposed to the central controller becomes negligible.

  • 72.
    Yaghoubi, Forough
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Mahloo, Mozhgan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Monti, Paolo
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Farias, Fabricio de Souza
    Fed Univ Para, Inst Technol, Belem, Para, Brazil..
    Weyl Albuquerque Costa, Joao Crisstomo
    Fed Univ Para, Inst Technol, Belem, Para, Brazil..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    A techno-economic framework for 5G transport networks2018In: IEEE wireless communications, ISSN 1536-1284, E-ISSN 1558-0687, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 56-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless heterogeneous networks (HetNets) are a cost- and energy-efficient alternative to provide high capacity to end users in the future 5G communication systems. However, the transport segment of a RAN poses a big challenge in terms of cost and energy consumption. In fact, if not planned properly, its resulting high cost might limit the benefits of using small cells and impact the revenues of mobile network operators. Therefore, it is essential to be able to properly assess the economic viability of different transport technologies as well as their impact on the cost and profitability of a HetNet deployment (i.e., RAN plus transport). This article first presents a general and comprehensive techno-economic framework able to assess not only the TCO but also the business viability of a HetNet deployment. The framework is then applied to the specific case study of a backhaul-based transport segment. In the evaluation work two technology options for the transport network are considered (i.e., microwave and fiber) assuming both a homogeneous (i.e., macrocells only) and a HetNet deployment. Our results demonstrate the importance of selecting the right technology and deployment strategy in order not to impact the economic benefits of a HetNet deployment. Moreover, the results also reveal that a deployment solution with the lowest TCO does not always lead to the highest profit.

  • 73. Yang, B.
    et al.
    Gong, Y.
    Hong, X.
    Chen, Jiajia
    Heatsink topology based optical interconnect for datacenters2017In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, OSA - The Optical Society , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose an optical interconnect architecture based on heatsink topology to enhance reliability for large-scale datacenters. The experimental demonstration has been carried out to verify the transmission performance of the proposed architecture.

  • 74. Yi, Y.
    et al.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Service chain placement in server-centric optical datacenter networks2017In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, OSA - The Optical Society , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose and compare several heuristics service chain (SC) placement algorithms tailored for the server-centric optical interconnect architecture, providing a guideline on how to efficiently place SCs in such an optical datacenter network.

  • 75. Yin, X.
    et al.
    Verplaetse, M.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Van Kerrebrouck, J.
    Ozolins, O.
    De Keulenaer, T.
    Pang, X.
    Pierco, R.
    Vyncke, A.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Fotonik och mikrovågsteknik, FMI.
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Fotonik och mikrovågsteknik, FMI.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Fotonik och mikrovågsteknik, FMI. Acreo.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Torfs, G.
    Bauwelinck, J.
    First Demonstration of Real-Time 100 Gbit/s 3-level Duobinary Transmission for Optical Interconnects2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Urban, Patryk J.
    Ericsson AB, Ericsson Res, S-16483 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Xiao, Shilin
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanhai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Hu, Weisheng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanhai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Fixed and Mobile Convergence with Stacked Modulation2018In: 22ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL NETWORK DESIGN AND MODELING (ONDM 2018) / [ed] Ruffini, M Tzanakaki, A Casellas, R Autenrieth, A MarquezBarja, JM, IEEE , 2018, p. 36-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a stacked modulation mechanism to realize the transmission convergence of fixed broadband and wireless access networks. As an integrated solution, the direct current biased analog signal for wireless data is multiplied by the digital optical signal carrying fixed broadband service, where the low-speed analog signal becomes an envelope of the high-speed digital signal. At the receiver, the analog signal is firstly recovered with the image edge detection algorithm, after which the digital signal is recovered with the least-square algorithm. This scheme can realize fixed and mobile convergence with a single wavelength, which reduces the access network cost in terms of number of transceivers. Besides, the link capacity and spectrum efficiency are also improved. Moreover, this method is compatible with the existing access networks since the transceivers can be adopted to the scenario by turning off the unused modules. Simulation results show that in case of intensity modulation direct detection system sensitivity, penalty of only 1 similar to 2 dB can be obtained for the 10Gbps/lambda passive optical network when broadband access services are favored. Meanwhile, the wireless service needs more power than the broadband service to achieve the QoT requirements, and it has a higher penalty (similar to 5 dB) compared with broadband access services.

  • 77.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication System and Networks, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.
    Hong, Xuezhi
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). MOE International Laboratory for Optical Information Technologies, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Networking and Transmission Laboratory, RISE Acreo AB, Kista 16425, Sweden.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Guo, Changjian
    Zhang, Junwei
    Nordwall, Fredrik
    Engenhardt, Klaus M.
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Xiao, Shilin
    Hu, Weisheng
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). MOE International Laboratory for Optical Information Technologies, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China.
    Nonlinearity-aware 200 Gbit/s DMT transmission for C-band short-reach optical interconnects with a single packaged electro-absorption modulated laser2018In: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 182-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate the transmission of a 200 Gbit/s discrete multitone (DMT) at the soft forward error correction limit in an intensity-modulation directdetection system with a single C-band packaged distributed feedback laser and traveling-wave electro absorption modulator (DFB-TWEAM), digital-to-analog converter and photodiode. The bit-power loaded DMT signal is transmitted over 1.6 km standard single-mode fiber with a net rate of 166.7 Gbit/s, achieving an effective electrical spectrum efficiency of 4.93 bit/s/Hz. Meanwhile, net rates of 174.2 Gbit/s and 179.5 Gbit/s are also demonstrated over 0.8 km SSMF and in an optical back-to-back case, respectively. The feature of the packaged DFB-TWEAM is presented. The nonlinearity-aware digital signal processing algorithm for channel equalization is mathematically described, which improves the signal-to-noise ratio up to 3.5 dB. 

  • 78.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, O.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Gan, L.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Djupsjobacka, A.
    Martensson, J.
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Tang, M.
    Fu, S.
    Liu, D.
    Tong, W.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, G.
    Hu, W.
    Xiao, S.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Kernel Adaptive Filtering for Nonlinearity-Tolerant Optical Direct Detection Systems2018In: European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Kernel adaptive filtering (KAF) is proposed for nonlinearity-tolerant optical direct detection. for 7× 128 Gbit/s PAM4 transmission over 33.6km 7-core-fiber, KAF only needs 10 equalizer taps to reach KP4-FEC limit (BER@2.2e-4), whereas decision-feedback-equalizer needs 43 equalizer taps to reach HD-FEC limit (BER@3.8e-3).

  • 79.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH. RISE Acreo AB, Sweden.
    Ozolins, O.
    Udalcovs, A.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH.
    Xiao, S.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH.
    K-means clustering based multi-dimensional quantization scheme for digital mobile fronthaul2018In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, Optics Info Base, Optical Society of America, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose to group highly-correlated neighboring samples into multi-dimensional vectors and adopt k-means clustering for quantization in mobile fronthaul. 30-Gbit/s transmissions have been experimentally demonstrated for up to 40 100MHz LTE channels over 20km fiber.

  • 80.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). RISE Acreo AB, Kista, Sweden.
    Ozolins, O.
    Udalcovs, A.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Jacobsen, G.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Xiao, S.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    15-Gbaud PAM4 Digital Mobile Fronthaul with Enhanced Differential Pulse Coding Modulation Supporting 122 LTE-A Channels with up to 4096QAM2018In: 2017 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, p. 1-3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By employing enhanced DPCM, 15-Gbaud PAM4 digital mobile fronthaul is experimentally demonstrated to support 122 LTE-A channels with up to 4096QAM. Compared to PCM based CPRI, the supported number of channels increases 5 times and EVM is obviously improved.

  • 81.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH. RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Ozolins, Oskars
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH.
    Xiao, Shilin
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH.
    K-means Clustering based Multi-Dimensional Quantization Scheme for Digital Mobile Fronthaul2018In: 2018 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition, OFC 2018 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose to group highly-correlated neighboring samples into multi-dimensional vectors and adopt k-means clustering for quantization in mobile fronthaul. 30-Gbit/s transmissions have been experimentally demonstrated for up to 40 100MHz LTE channels over 20km fiber.

  • 82.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH. RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, S-16425 Kista, Sweden.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Popov, Sergei
    Xiao, Shilin
    Hu, Weisheng
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH. South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, MOE Int Lab Opt Informat Technol, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
    Spectrally efficient digitized radio-over-fiber system with k-means clustering-based multidimensional quantization.2018In: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 1546-1549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a spectrally efficient digitized radio-over-fiber (D-RoF) system by grouping highly correlated neighboring samples of the analog signals into multidimensional vectors, where the k-means clustering algorithm is adopted for adaptive quantization. A 30  Gbit/s D-RoF system is experimentally demonstrated to validate the proposed scheme, reporting a carrier aggregation of up to 40 100 MHz orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) channels with quadrate amplitude modulation (QAM) order of 4 and an aggregation of 10 100 MHz OFDM channels with a QAM order of 16384. The equivalent common public radio interface rates from 37 to 150  Gbit/s are supported. Besides, the error vector magnitude (EVM) of 8% is achieved with the number of quantization bits of 4, and the EVM can be further reduced to 1% by increasing the number of quantization bits to 7. Compared with conventional pulse coding modulation-based D-RoF systems, the proposed D-RoF system improves the signal-to-noise-ratio up to ∼9  dB and greatly reduces the EVM, given the same number of quantization bits.

  • 83.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication System and Networks, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). Networking and Transmission Laboratory, RISE Acreo AB, Kista, Sweden.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Wosinska, Lena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Xiao, Shilin
    Hu, Weisheng
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Digital mobile fronthaul employing differential pulse code modulation with suppressed quantization noise2017In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 25, no 25, p. 31921-31936Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) based digital mobile fronthaul architecture is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. By using a linear predictor in the DPCM encoding process, the quantization noise can be effectively suppressed and a prediction gain of 7 similar to 8 dB can be obtained. Experimental validation is carried out with a 20 km 15-Gbaud/lambda 4-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM4) intensity modulation and direct detection system. The results verify the feasibility of supporting 163, 122, 98, 81 20-MHz 4, 16, 64, 256 QAM based antenna-carrier (AxC) containers with only 3, 4, 5, 6 quantization bits at a sampling rate of 30.72MSa/s in LTE-A environment. Further increasing the number of quantization bits to 8 and 9, 1024 quadrature amplitude modulation (1024 QAM) and 4096 QAM transmission can be realized with error vector magnitude (EVM) lower than 1% and 0.5%, respectively. The supported number of AxCs in the proposed DPCM-based fronthaul is increased and the EVM is greatly reduced compared to the common public radio interface (CPRI) based fronthaul that uses pulse code modulation. Besides, the DPCM-based fronthaul is also experimentally demonstrated to support universal filtered multicarrier signal that is one candidate waveform for the 5th generation mobile systems.

  • 84.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Gan, L.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Electronics. KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Djupsjöbacka, A.
    Mårtensson, J.
    Tang, M.
    Fu, S.
    Liu, D.
    Tong, W.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Hu, W.
    Xiao, S.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Digital Radio-Over-Multicore-Fiber System with Self-Homodyne Coherent Detection and Entropy Coding for Mobile Fronthaul2018In: European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate a 28-Gbaud 16-QAM self-homodyne digital radio-over-33.6km-7-core-fiber system with entropy coding for mobile fronthaul, achieving error-free carrier aggregation of 330 100-MHz 4096-QAM 5G-new-radio channels and 921 100-MHz QPSK 5G-new-radio channels with CPRI-equivalent data rate up to 3.73-Tbit/s.

  • 85.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Res Inst Sweden AB, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Ozolins, Oskars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Infinera Metro HW R&D, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gan, Lin
    HUST, Next Generat Internet Access Syst Not Engn Lab, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Tang, Ming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Fu, Songnian
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Deming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tong, Weijun
    Yangtze Opt Fibre & Cable Joint Stock Ltd Co, Speical Bussiness Unit, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Hu, Weisheng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Shilin
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Toward Terabit Digital Radio over Fiber Systems: Architecture and Key Technologies2019In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 131-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To support massive deployment of broadband radio applications, such as 5G and high-definition videos for terrestrial televisions, large system capacity and high spectrum efficiency are highly demanded in radio over fiber (RoF) systems. In this article, we propose a terabit digital RoF system capable of providing high-speed transmission, where multicore fiber (MCF) is introduced for the access segment between the central unit and remote unit. Two key technologies that greatly enhance system capacity and spectrum efficiency, namely MCF enabled self-homodyne detection and compressed quantization, are demonstrated.

  • 86.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Van Kerrebrouck, J.
    Ozolins, O.
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Udalcovs, A.
    Spiga, S.
    Amann, M. C.
    Gan, L.
    Tang, M.
    Fu, S.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, G.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Liu, D.
    Tong, W.
    Torfs, G.
    Bauwelinck, J.
    Yin, X.
    Xiao, S.
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Experimental Demonstration of 503.61-Gbit/s DMT over 10-km 7-Core Fiber with 1.5μm SM-VCSEL for Optical Interconnects2018In: European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate a net-rate 503.61-Gbit/s discrete multitone (DMT) transmission over 10-km 7-core fiber with 1.5μm single mode VCSEL, where low-complexity kernel-recursive-least-squares algorithm is employed for nonlinear channel equalization.

  • 87.
    Zhang, Lu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Van Kerrebrouck, Joris
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Lin, Rui
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Acreo AB, NETLAB, SE-16425 Kista, Sweden..
    Ozolins, Oskars
    RISE Acreo AB, NETLAB, SE-16425 Kista, Sweden..
    Spiga, Silvia
    Tech Univ Munich, Walter Schottky Inst, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Amann, Markus-Christian
    Tech Univ Munich, Walter Schottky Inst, D-85748 Garching, Germany..
    Van Steenberge, Geert
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, Ctr Microsyst Technol, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium..
    Gan, Lin
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, WNLO, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tang, Ming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, WNLO, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Fu, Songnian
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, WNLO, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Liu, Deming
    Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, WNLO, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Tong, Weijun
    Yangtze Opt Fibre & Cable Co Ltd YOFC, Wuhan 430073, Hubei, Peoples R China..
    Xiao, Shilin
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China..
    Torfs, Guy
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Bauwelinck, Johan
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Yin, Xin
    Univ Ghent, IMEC, IDLab, Dept Informat Technol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium..
    Nonlinearity Tolerant High-Speed DMT Transmission With 1.5-mu m Single-Mode VCSEL and Multi-Core Fibers for Optical Interconnects2019In: Journal of Lightwave Technology, ISSN 0733-8724, E-ISSN 1558-2213, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 380-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate the generation of 107-Gbit/s net-rate optical discrete multitone signal using a 1.5-mu m single-mode vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) with modulation bandwidth of 22 GHz. Utilizing a nonlinearity-tolerant channel equalization algorithm for digital signal processing, total net-rates of 726.6-Gbit/s over 2.5-km dispersion-uncompensated 7-core fiber and 533.1-Gbit/s over 10-km dispersion-compensated 7-core fiber below 7% overhead hard-decision forward error correction limit have been experimentally achieved with a 1.5-mu m VCSEL-based intensity-modulation direct-detection system. The features of the 1.5-mu m single-mode VCSEL, 2.5-km/10km multi-core fibers, and fan-in/fan-out modules are presented. Besides, the Volterra series-based nonlinearity-tolerant channel equalization algorithm, which improves the signal-to-noise ratio with more than 5 dB, is mathematically described and experimentally validated. The results have demonstrated that 1.5-mu m single-mode VCSEL and multi-core-fiber-based transmission can be a promising candidate to solve the capacity challenges in short-reach optical interconnects.

  • 88.
    Zhang, Zhuo
    et al.
    South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Yaguang
    South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhu, Wentao
    South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Huayang
    South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Hong, Xuezhi
    South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). South China Normal Univ, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Isafjordsgatan 22,Electrum 229, S-16440 Kista, Sweden.;Chalmers Univ Technol, Horsalsvagen 9, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Iterative point-wise reinforcement learning for highly accurate indoor visible light positioning2019In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 27, no 16, p. 22161-22172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Iterative point-wise reinforcement learning (IPWRL) is proposed for highly accurate indoor visible light positioning (VLP). By properly updating the height information in an iterative fashion., the IPWRL not only effectively mitigates the impact of non-deterministic noise but also exhibits excellent tolerance to deterministic errors caused by the inaccurate a priori height information. The principle of the IPWRL is explained, and the performance of the IPWRL is experimentally evaluated in a received signal strength (RSS) based VLP system and compared with other positioning algorithms, including the conventional RSS algorithm, the k-nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithm and the PWRL algorithm where iterations exclude. Unlike the supervised machine learning method, e.g., the KNN, whose performance is highly dependent on the training process, the proposed IPWRL does not require training and demonstrates robust positioning performance for the entire tested area. Experimental results also show that when a large height information mismatch occurs, the IPWRL is able to first correct the height information and then offers robust positioning results with a rather low positioning error, while the positioning errors caused by the other algorithms are significantly higher.

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