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  • 51.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Specialization of Regions and Universities The New Versus the Old2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes whether there is a correspondence between a university’s research spe-cialization and industrial specialization in the region hosting the university, and to what extent universities influences regional productivity. Moreover, the analysis seeks to answer if a dif-ference can be detected between the influences of old and new universities on regional per-formance. To achieve this end we utilize a unique dataset on spatially disaggregated data for Sweden in the period 1975-1999. A two-step Heckman regression analysis is implemented to examine whether the universities research specialization match regional specialization in pro-duction as compared to the average region. The results suggest a correspondence in speciali-zation, as well as positive productivity effects. However, there are also considerable differ-ences across regions, albeit primarily unrelated to the age of the universities.

  • 52.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics, Economics.
    Specialization of Regions and Universities: The New Versus the Old2008In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 253-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes whether there is a correspondence between a university's research specialization and industrial specialization in the region hosting the university, and to what extent universities influence regional productivity. Moreover, the analysis seeks to answer if a difference can be detected between the influences of old and new universities on regional performance. To achieve this end we utilize a unique data set on spatially disaggregated data for Sweden in the period 1975-99. A two-step Heckman regression analysis is implemented to examine whether universities' research specialization matches regional specialization in production as compared to the average region. The results suggest a correspondence in specialization, as well as positive productivity effects. However, there are also considerable differences across regions, albeit primarily unrelated to the age of the universities.

  • 53.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Structural Change, Knowledge Spillovers and the Role of SMEs and Entrepreneurship2019In: From Industrial Organization to Entrepreneurship: A Tribute to David Audretsch, Springer, 2019, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, Pontus Braunerhjelm surveys David’s impact in the field of small business economics and entrepreneurship. By giving in-depth analysis into one of David’s interest areas, Braunerhjelm grants the reader the opportunity to more fully understand the scope of David’s research. The following chapter therefore helps to clarify the underlying nature of David’s scholarly work.

  • 54.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Sunk Costs, Firm Size and Internationalization1999In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55. Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Svensk strukturomvandling från ett sysselsättningsperspektiv: myten om ett kunskapslyft2004In: Svensk utvecklingskraft / [ed] Karlsson, N och Johansson, D, Ratio förlag , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Sverige behöver en allmän kompetensförsäkring2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Så bör personaloptioner beskattas2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 58.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Så kan Sverige vända trenden för högteknologiska sektorn2015In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2015-03-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 59.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    The entrepreneurial code: a comparative study of entrepreneurial dynamics in China, Europe and the U.S.2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Economics (closed 20110301).
    The Genesis and Evolution of the Stockholm Music Cluster2009In: NEW DIRECTIONS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT / [ed] Andersson AE; Cheshire PC; Stough RR, 2009, p. 385-408Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    The Relation Between Firm-Specific Intangibles and Exports1996In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 213-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main issue addressed in this paper concerns the relationship between firms' endowments in intangible proprietary assets and their export performance. The impact of investments in foreign production capacity on exports is taken into account in the empirical analysis.

  • 62.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Twenty years of entrepreneurship research: From small business dynamics to entrepreneurial growth and societal prosperity2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Åtta råd till Sveriges regeringen – så stärker vi ekonomin2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 64.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301).
    Acs, Z.
    The Entrepreneurship-Philanthropy Nexus: Implications for Internationalization2005In: Management International Review, ISSN 0025-181X, Vol. 45, p. 111-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how Sweden and the United States have been impacted by philanthropic activities, commercialization of university-based knowledge and international entrepreneurship. The analysis comprises a detailed case study of Swedish and U.S. universities, as well as a statistical analysis of the impact of philanthropy on economic growth. The results show that the United States has prompted a university system based on competition and variety, with an emphasis on philanthropy, promoting knowledge creation. International entrepreneurship has been an important mechanism by which this knowledge is globalized leading to increased economic growth. Conversely, Swedish universities were characterized by less commercialized R&D and weak links to the commercial sector, rooted traditionally in dependence on tax -financed and homogenous university structure. The Swedish model has begun to change with important implications for development in smaller domestic markets. The analysis has important implications for knowledge creation as a source of economic growth through international entrepreneurship taking advantage of globalization, especially for smaller countries.

  • 65.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Acs, Zoltan
    Audretsch, David
    Carlsson, Bo
    The Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary theories of entrepreneurship generally focus on the recognition of opportunities and the decision to exploit them. While the prevailing view in the entrepreneurship literature is that opportunities are exogenous, the most prevalent theory of economic growth suggests that opportunities are endogenous. This paper bridges the gap between the entrepreneurship and economic growth literatures by developing a knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Knowledge created endogenously results in knowledge spillovers that give rise to opportunities to be identified and exploited by entrepreneurs.

  • 66.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics, Economics.
    Acs, Zoltan J.
    Audretsch, David B.
    Carlsson, Bo
    The missing link: knowledge diffusion and entrepreneurship in endogenous growth2010In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 105-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intellectual breakthrough contributed by the new growth theory was the recognition that investments in knowledge and human capital endogenously generate economic growth through the spillover of knowledge. However, endogenous growth theory does not explain how or why spillovers occur. This paper presents a model that shows how growth depends on knowledge accumulation and its diffusion through both incumbents and entrepreneurial activities. We claim that entrepreneurs are one missing link in converting knowledge into economically relevant knowledge. Implementing different regression techniques for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries during 1981 to 2002 provides surprisingly robust evidence that primarily entrepreneurs contributed to growth and that the importance of entrepreneurs increased in the 1990s. A Granger test confirms that causality goes in the direction from entrepreneurs to growth. The results indicate that policies facilitating entrepreneurship are an important tool to enhance knowledge diffusion and promote economic growth.

  • 67.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Andersson, Martin
    Delmar, Frederic
    Rickne, annika
    Thorburn, karin
    Wennberg, Karl
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Konkurrens, selektion och entreprenöriellt lärande – Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research till Boyan Jovanovic2019In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 2019-09-11, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 68.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Creative Destruction and Productivity: Entrepreneurship by type, sector and sequence2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Schumpeter claimed the entrepreneur to be instrumental for creative destruction and industrial dynamics. Entrepreneurial entry serves to transform and revitalize industries, thereby enhancing their competiveness. This paper investigates if entry of new firms influences productivity amongst incumbent firms, and the extent to which altered productivity can be attributed sector and time specific effects. Implementing a unique dataset we estimate a firm-level production function in which the productivity of incumbent firms is modeled as a function of firm attributes and regional entrepreneurship activity. The analysis finds support for positive productivity effects of entrepreneurship on incumbent firms, albeit the effect varies over time, what we refer to as a delayed entry effect. An immediate negative influence on productivity is followed by a positive effect several years after the initial entry. Moreover, the productivity of incumbent firms in services sectors appears to be more responsive to regional entrepreneurship, as compared to the productivity of manufacturing firms.

  • 69.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Backsell, Lars
    Naivt att hoppas på USA-modell2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 70.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Backsell, Lars
    Kreicberg, Johan
    Persson, Anne
    Sundberg, A
    Hur kan entreprenörers möjligheter till en "andra chans" förbättras2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Tikoudis, Ioannis
    Spin-off: Individual, Firm, Industry and Regional Determinants2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent and importance of spin-offs for industrial dynamics have been analysed in a number of previous studies, yet knowledge is surprisingly scarce about the determinants that trigger such entrepreneurial ventures. In the current analysis we use unique and detailed Swedish data to comprehensively explore how individual, firm, regional, and industry variables influence spin-offs during 1999-2005. In addition to the expected general positive impact of regional size and entrepreneurial culture, we find specific features for knowledge intensive manufacturing and service production on the propensity of employees to spin off a new venture. Moreover, we use an entropy measure to disentangle unrelated and related variety, and find that the former has a significantly negative impact while the latter a significantly positive effect on the propensity of the individual to start a spin-off.

  • 72.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Economics (closed 20110301).
    Bergström, Christian
    Bonnedahl, Karl
    Ericsson, Jenni
    Lagergren, Fredrik
    Hoel, Mikael
    Greaker, Mads
    Entreprenörskap och innovation för hållbar utveckling2009Book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101).
    Birkinshaw, Julian
    Holm, Ulf
    Terjesen, Siri
    WHY DO SOME MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS RELOCATE THEIR HEADQUARTERS OVERSEAS?2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the decision by a multinational corporation (MNC) to relocate itsbusiness unit and/or corporate HQ overseas. We argue that business unit HQs move overseasin response to changes in the internal configuration of their unit’s activities and the demandsof the product markets in which they operate, whereas corporate HQs move overseas isresponse to the demands of external stakeholders, in particular global financial markets andshareholders. Using data on 125 business unit HQs and 35 corporate HQs, we test and findsupport for these arguments. The research highlights important differences betweencorporate- and business-level strategy, and it suggests ways in which the theory of the MNCneeds to be reconsidered.

  • 74.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Borgman, Benny
    Agglomeration, Diversity and Regional Growth: The effects of poly-industrial versus mono-industrial agglomerations2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to empirically examine the importance of the structure of agglomeration on productivity and growth. To accomplish this we will include the degree of co-agglomeration of similar industries as an explanatory variable in the empirical analysis, while simultaneously controlling for the degree of industry-specific agglomeration. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of co-agglomerated industries on productivity has not previously been investigated. The empirical analysis confirms a positive statistical relationship between interdependent and co-located industries on labour productivity.

  • 75.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101).
    Borgman, Benny
    Entrepreneurship and local growth: A comparison of the US and Sweden2010In: Entrepreneurship and regional development / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson och Richard Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Borgman, Benny
    Entrepreneurship and Local Growth: A comparison of the U.S. and Sweden2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The U.S. is traditionally viewed as an economy driven by entrepreneurs, whereas the Swedish model is associated with high welfare ambitions and less focus on entrepreneurial activities. This paper seeks to empirically investigate whether the connection between entrepreneurship and growth at the regional level differs between the U.S. and Sweden. By regressing annual entrepreneurship on regional employment growth (and controlling for other conceivable variables impacting employment growth) entrepreneurship is shown to be positively and significantly associated with regional growth in both countries in the 1990s. Still, the result is more robust for the U.S. Other important variables for regional growth is business density and, in the case of the U.S., educational levels and internal scale economies.

  • 77.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Center for Business/Policy Studies, SNS.
    Borgman, Benny
    Center for Business/Policy Studies, SNS.
    Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: Evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-992004In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 38, no 8, p. 929-947Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geographical concentration, entrepreneurship and regional growth: evidence from regional data in Sweden, 1975-99, Regional Studies 38, 929-947. This paper implements Swedish data cross-tabulated on 143 industries (four-digit level) and 70 labour market regions for 1975-99 to examine empirically the degree of concentration in the production of goods and services, the relationship between concentration and regional growth, and the role of regional entrepreneurship. To our knowledge, these issues have not been analysed previously at this level of aggregation. Ellison-Glaeser indexes and Gini location quotients reveal a geographical concentration in Swedish industry that is stronger than in the USA. The econometric results imply a 2-6% higher growth in regionally concentrated industries. The effect is more pronounced for knowledge-intensive manufacturing, network industries and industries intensively using raw material. It is also found that regional entrepreneurship and regional absorption capacity are important explanations of regional growth, whereas the impact of the skill-level and economies of scale is more mixed.

  • 78.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Center for Business/Policy Studies, SNS.
    Borgman, Benny
    Center for Business/Policy Studies, SNS.
    Regional tillväxt, geografisk koncentration och entreprenörskap2004In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 79.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Broström, Anders
    Åstebro, Thomas
    Academic Entrepreneurship: Bayh-Dole versus the ‘Professor’s Privilege’2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Brändström, Dan
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Gör som Finland och underlätta privata donationer till universitet2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 81. Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Carlsson, B.
    Cetindamar, D.
    Johansson, D.
    The old and the new: the evolution of polymer and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden2000In: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 471-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the rapid growth of the polymer-based and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden - two regions of similar size and with similar traditions undergoing similar industrial restructuring. Two issues are addressed: First, why has growth been so strong in these particular clusters, i.e., can we identify the sources of the growth and dynamics in these sectors? Second, why do these two clusters differ in Ohio and Sweden in terms of size, level and type of activity, number and composition of actors, size structure of firms and growth patterns over the last couple of decades? In particular, what is the role of public policies as well as cultural, historical, and geographic factors? Our main conclusions are (1) that there is strong path dependence in both clusters in both countries, and (2) that the key to rapid development is a high absorptive capacity combined with rapid diffusion to new potential users. Our policy discussion addresses these issues.

  • 82.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Industrial Economics and Management.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Industry clusters in Ohio and Sweden, 1975-19951999In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 12, p. 279-293Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 83. Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Steven Klepper: Recipient of the 2011 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2011In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 131-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the academic contributions of the 2011 receiver of the Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research, Professor Steven Klepper, Carnegie Mellon University. The Global Award consists of 100,000 Euro and a statuette of the internationally renowned Swedish sculpture Carl Milles. Klepper has made breakthrough analyses in the realm of industrial dynamics, emphasizing the regularities in the time paths of entry of new producers, exit of incumbent firms, spin-offs and innovation. His work is predominantly empirical but he has also played an essential role in developing more rigorous theoretical models of phenomena such as spin-offs. Of particular importance is how Klepper has managed to link traditional neoclassical models with evolutionary theory as well as entrepreneurship research with mainstream economics.

  • 84.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Acs, Zoltan
    Audretsch, David
    THE KNOWLEDGE FILTER, ENTREPRENEURSHIP, AND ECONOMIC GROWTH2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between knowledge creation, entrepreneurship, and economic growth in the United States over the last 150 years. According to the “new growth theory,” investments in knowledge and human capital generate economic growth via spillovers of knowledge. But the theory does not explain how or why spillovers occur, or why large investments in R&D do not always result in economic growth. What is missing is “the knowledge filter” - the distinction between general knowledge and economically useful knowledge. Also missing is a mechanism (such as entrepreneurship) converting economically relevant knowledge into economic activity. This paper shows that the unprecedented increase in R&D spending in the United States during and after World War II was converted into economic activity via incumbent firms in the early postwar period and increasingly via new ventures in the last few decades.

  • 85.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Desai, Sameeksha
    Eklund, Johan E.
    Regulation, firm dynamics and entrepreneurship2015In: European Journal of Law and Economics, ISSN 0929-1261, E-ISSN 1572-9990, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship can have important positive effects linked to job creation, wealth and income generation, innovation and industry competitiveness. Scholars and policy-makers around the world have turned to the regulatory environment as a mechanism through which entrepreneurship can be encouraged, grown and its economic benefits harnessed. The effect of regulatory conditions on entrepreneurship however is not well understood, and can be nuanced given the wide range of regulatory tools and possible areas of impact. This paper serves as the introduction to a special issue, which seeks to shed some light on the relationship between regulation, firm dynamics and entrepreneurship. We identify some foundational considerations relevant to this relationship and discuss key questions, followed by a brief overview of each of the papers contained in the special issue.

  • 86.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Does Labour Mobility Foster Innovation?: Evidence from Sweden2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By utilising a Swedish unique, matched employer-employee dataset that has been pooled with firm-level patent application data, we provide new evidence that knowledge workers’ mobility has a positive and strongly significant impact on firm innovation output, as measured by firm patent applications. The effect is particularly strong for knowledge workers that have previously worked in a patenting firm (the learning-by-hiring effect), but firms losing a knowledge worker are also shown to benefit (the diaspora effect), albeit more weakly. Finally, the effect is more pronounced when the joining worker originates in another region.

  • 87.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Labor market flexibility, growth and innovation: the case of Sweden2014In: En fungerande arbetsmarknad: nyckel till innovation och kunskapsdriven tillväxt / [ed] Pontus Braunerhjelm och Johan Eklund, Entreprenörskapsforum , 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm.
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm.
    Labour as a knowledge carrier: how increased mobilityinfluences entrepreneurship2015In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 1308-1326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship (KSTE), entrepreneurship is positively associated with the knowledge endowment level. An increase in knowledge expands the opportunity set, which is then exploited by heterogeneous entrepreneurs. The objective of this paper is to empirically test the validity of the KSTE by employing a detailed database comprising more than 19 million observations for the period 2001–2008 at the level of individuals, firms and regions in Sweden. Knowledge is claimed to be partly embodied in labour, implying that an increase in labour mobility can be expected to influence knowledge endowment at the regional level. Our dependent variable is an individual who has remained in a region throughout the time period considered. Controlling for a number of other variables, inter-regional labour inflows and intra-regional mobility levels are shown to exert a strong positive effect on entrepreneurship. This contrasts with inter-regional outflows, which negatively affect entrepreneurial entry. Another noteworthy result is that the probability of exploiting an increased knowledge stock through entrepreneurship increases by 15 % points if the individual has previous experience in starting a firm.

  • 89.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Economics (closed 20110301).
    Djerf, Olle
    Frisén, Håkan
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Ekonomi i omvandling2008Report (Other academic)
  • 90.
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    Globaliseringen och den svenska industrin: Effekter och framtidsutsikter2006Report (Other academic)
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  • 96.
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    Dela upp budgeten kan säkra investeringar2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    En budgetreform behövs2015In: Dagens industri, ISSN 0346-640X, no 17 maj 2015Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    En fungerande arbetsmarknad: nyckeln till innovation och kunskapsdriven tillväxt2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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