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  • 51. Chen, Taotao
    et al.
    Kokko, Ari
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    FDI and spillovers in China: non-linearity and absorptive capacity2011Inngår i: Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, ISSN 1476-5284, E-ISSN 1476-5292, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a fixed effect variance decomposition model we estimate SURmodels to analyse FDI spillovers from contagion and spillovers fromcompetition on local firms in China. While the former type of spillovermainly depends on the degree of foreign presence, the latter kind is relatedto how foreign and local firms interact. The main conclusion is that FDIhas been beneficial for the Chinese economy but that spillovers are notevenly distributed across firms and industries. Spillovers from contagiontend to exhibit an inverse U-shaped pattern with respect to the degree offoreign presence at the industry level, whereas spillovers from competitionare more linear. Industries with high absorptive capacity and/or highefficiency are the ones best equipped to take advantage of spillovers fromforeign-owned firms.

  • 52. Colombo, Massimo
    et al.
    Cumming, Douglas
    Mohammadi, Ali
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Rossi Lamastra, Cristina
    Anu, Wadhwa
    Open Business Model and Venture Capital Finance2016Inngår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 353-370Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the differences in venture capital (VC) governance of investee firms with Open Business Models, specifically Open Source Software (OSS), versus closed business models. Due to OSS's pronounced complexity and uncertainty, we conjecture that VC-backed OSS firms are more frequently staged and syndicated. We present robust empirical evidence from the United States that OSS ventures have more financing rounds and are more likely to be syndicated, and mixed evidence that OSS ventures have a larger number of syndicated investors.

  • 53. Colombo, Massimo Gaetano
    et al.
    Mohammadi, Ali
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Cumming, Douglas
    Wadhwa, Anu
    Rossi-Lamastra, Cristina
    Open Business Models and Venture Capital Finance2014Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Do entrepreneurial ventures that adopt an open business model obtain VC finance from higher quality VC investors in comparison with entrepreneurial ventures that adopt a closed business model? Are VC investments in open business model ventures are more likely to be syndicated and more frequently staged? In this paper we consider these questions on a sample of 6,555 VC investments in 514 software entrepreneurial ventures that received the first round of VC finance in the period 1994-2008. Of these ventures, 124 adopted an open business model based on open source software (OSS) and the remaining ventures adopted a closed business model based on the development and sale of proprietary software. Our findings indicate that OSS entrepreneurial ventures received funding from higher quality VC investors, with VC quality being measured by general experience, industry-specialization, IPO success, raised capital and connectedness in syndication network. Also, VC investments in OSS entrepreneurial ventures were more frequently staged. Conversely, we do not find any difference between OSS and proprietary software entrepreneurial ventures as number of VC participated in syndication.

  • 54.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education InstitutionsInngår i: Journal of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, , s. 23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Using parametric frontier techniques, this paper investigates the economic efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions (HEIs) with an attempt to determine the factors causing efficiency differences. The analysis is conducted for 30 HEIs over the time period 2001-2005. A set of HEI organizational factors as well as faculty and student compositions are examined as potential determinants of economic efficiency.

    According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have above average efficiency of 85 percent. The economic efficiency is positively affected by HEI size, the number of students per faculty and a high proportion of young professors in the faculty. Another interesting finding is that the source of financing matters for efficient use of resources; in particular, HEIs with a higher level of government support are found to be less efficient.

  • 55.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education Institutions2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates the economic efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) in Sweden to determine the factors that cause efficiency differences. Stochastic frontier analysis is utilized to estimate the economic efficiency of 30 HEI using both pooled and panel data approaches. HEI specific factors such as size, load, staff and student characteristics as well as government allocations are suggested to be the potential determinants of economic efficiency.The results suggest that HEI are not identical in their economic efficiency; though the average efficiency is high, they do perform differently. This variation is explained by the joint influence of HEI specific factors; the quality of labor is found to be highly significant for the cost efficiency of Swedish HEI.

  • 56.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Björn, Hårsman
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Entrepreneurship and Arts Related EducationInngår i: Journal of Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, , s. 32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to improve understanding of the observed high level of entrepreneurship among arts graduates. Specifically, the entrepreneurship rates of university graduates in the arts, architecture and engineering are compared. The occupational choice model applied has three options: wage employment, owning and a combination of the two.

    The utility function governing the choice includes income as well as an indicator of the disutility resulting from differences between the skills required and the skills supplied. The model implies that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using Swedish data, this paper shows that the possibility of using artistic skills has stronger impact on the choice of occupation than income considerations.

  • 57.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Deiaco, Enrico
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, University of Gothenburg.
    How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new micro data2012Inngår i: The European Higher Education Landscape: Diversity and Performance / [ed] Banaccorsi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the cost efficiency of universities in a set of public higher education institutions (HEI) from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. Using a new cross-national set of university input and output variables as well as series of university-related exogenous variables, it explores cross-country variation in cost efficiency and the impact of institutional factors on efficiency variation.

    The results suggest small variations in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that efficiency differences in HEIs of these countries are not explained by country effects. Austrian HEIs are an exception in this respect. Furthermore, according to our results big universities and those with a high proportion of teaching and research personnel are more efficient, everything else equal.

  • 58.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Entrepreneurship among university graduates2010Inngår i: 50th Anniversary of European Congress of the Regional Science Association Jönköping, Sweden, 19-23 August, 2010, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates. We are interested in differences across educational areas and among universities regarding entrepreneurial selection and performance. The paper differs from similar studies in two respects. In order to broaden the common definitions used to measure entrepreneurship we suggest a typology making it possible to differentiate between various types of entrepreneurs. Secondly, we differentiate between both level of education, area of education and university of graduation. In order to capture some of the uncertainties related to the choice among our entrepreneurial categories we use individual time series income data.Using cross-section data on Swedish graduates we examine the impact of university on entrepreneurial choice and performance of graduates from 44 Swedish universities. A separate analysis is done for graduates of 5 education fields to control for heterogeneity of education. The results suggest that entrepreneurial preferences differ by education fields, that graduates of some universities are more entrepreneurial than others. We also find that the preferences for different entrepreneurial occupations differ across universities. As to the university effect on graduates’ earnings we find significant university effect for only a small group of universities, which differ by field of education and entrepreneurial category.

  • 59.
    Dastory, Linda
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    DIW Berlin and Jönköping International Business School.
    Stephan, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. (Jönköping International Business School.
    Financing of Innovation: Has the Funding Mix Changed After Stricter Banking Regulation?Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 60.
    Dastory, Linda
    et al.
    KTH.
    Stephan, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. Jönköping International Business School.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    DIW Berlin and Jönköping International Business School.
    Funding gap for innovation and firm size: an inverted u-shape relationshipManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 61. Eklund, J. E.
    et al.
    Palmberg, J.
    Wiberg, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. Jönköping International Business School.
    Ownership structure, board composition and investment performance2009Inngår i: Corporate Ownership & Control, ISSN 1727-9232, E-ISSN 1810-3057, Vol. 7, nr 1 A, s. 120-130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relation between ownership structure, board composition and firm performance among Swedish listed firms. The descriptive statistics show that Swedish board of directors has become more diversified in terms of gender. The analysis shows that board size has a significant negative effect on investment performance. Gender diversity has a small but negative effect on investment performance, and the same holds for CEO being on the board. When incorporating all the explanatory variables into the same equation the negative effect of larger boards dilutes the effect of gender diversity and having the CEO on the board.

  • 62. Fogel, Kathy S.
    et al.
    Lee, Kevin K.
    Lee, Wayne Y.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Foreign Direct Investors as Change Agents: The Swedish Firm Experience2013Inngår i: Corporate governance: An International Review, ISSN 0964-8410, E-ISSN 1467-8683, Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 516-534Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Manuscript Type: Empirical Research Question: Prior studies examine corporate governance either at the firm level, with limited attention paid to societal culture and norms, or at the nation-state level, with limited attention paid to the management practices of firms. In this study we examine the impact on the corporate governance of Swedish firms brought about by foreign investors. We argue that in countries like Sweden with strong culturally embedded norms and control exercised by dominant domestic shareholders, control-seeking foreign investors can act as agents of change to improve firm performance through more efficient capital utilization and labor productivity. Research Findings: We find that the entry of foreign equity investors over the years 1992-2008 surrounding Sweden's formal admission to the European Union in 1995 enhanced the financial performance of large publicly traded, domestic owner-controlled firms in Sweden. The heightened performance of Swedish firms was not simply a result of cross-border portfolio investments by institutions as the literature on shareholder activism implies. Rather, significant advancements in firm performance occurred only when an increase in voting participation by foreign direct investors was coincident with a decrease in the excess voting power of the largest domestic shareholder, which gave foreign equity investors a critical "voice" in the management of the firm. Theoretical Implications: Informal institutions influence corporate governance by aligning corporate goals with socially acceptable outcomes. Corporate governance practices, if culturally embedded, cannot be easily displaced even when the gains in economic efficiency are large. Corporate owners stand to benefit from the maintenance of the status quo and may not welcome radical changes that can lead to a "creative destruction" of their market power and political dominance. Foreign portfolio investors who focus solely on cash flow rights of the firm cannot effectively change decision making in the boardroom. Foreign direct investors, who actively seek voting shares and control rights, will have the utmost potential to effect change in corporate governance by advocating for new corporate priorities and objectives at board meetings.

  • 63.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Spatial econometrics: Methods and applications2011Inngår i: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 90, nr 4, s. 886-888Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 64.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Offshoring and Corruption: Does Corruption Matter2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Corruption is often portrayed as a barrier to trade and investment capable of altering international investment patterns. Here, we analyze how firms’ choice of country and the volume of offshored material inputs are affected by corruption in target economies. Taking stance from the gravity model of trade, the analysis suggests that corruption is a deterrent for offshoring. Firms avoid corrupt countries and, given that destination country has been chosen it reduces the volume of offshored inputs. The negative impact of corruption is largest in poor countries, and internationalized firms trading with many countries use their flexibility to avoid corrupt countries. Given the importance of these firms as international investors, this is yet another reason for why fighting corruption is important.

  • 65.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Offshoring of Services and Corruption: Do Firms Escape Corrupt Countries?2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze how the offshoring of services by Swedish firms is affected by corruption in target economies. Taking stance from the gravity model of trade, we analyze how the choice of country, volume and composition of offshored services is affected by the presence of corruption in target economies. The results suggest that corruption is a deterrent for service offshoring. Firms avoid corrupt countries, and corruption reduces the amount of offshored services. In addition, the sensitivity to corruption is highest for poor countries, and large and internationalized firms are the ones that tend to be the most sensitive to corruption. Given the importance of large firms as international investors and subcontractors, this adds yet another argument for fighting corruption.

  • 66.
    Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Poldahl, Andreas
    Determinants of Firm R&D: The Role of Relationship-specific Interactions for R&D Spillovers2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research and Development (R&D) is a key component behind technological development and economic growth; therefore, understanding the drivers of R&D is crucial. An interesting question is the role of technology spillovers, transferred by trade, and their impact on firm R&D. Here we analyze not only how international and domestic inter- and intra-industry technology spillovers affect firm R&D but also the relatively unexplored issue of how relationship-specific interactions between buyer and seller affect such spillovers. We find international technology spillovers to be larger and more significant than domestic inter- and intra-industry spillovers. Moreover, relationship-specific interactions between seller and buyer enhance technology spillovers in general and international spillovers in particular.

  • 67.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Avkastning på högre utbildning bland examinerade vid Stockholms lärosäten2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att uppskatta avkastningen på högre utbildning för olika utbildnings- grupper examinerade från lärosäten i Stockholms län och att härvid beakta både grundutbildning och forskarutbildning.

  • 68.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates having different kinds of arts related education. After demonstrating the large differences between the nine groups concerning entrepreneurship rates, a dynamic model for occupational choice is outlined. The choice is assumed to be governed by the related demand and income and by the match between the skills required and the skills supplied implying that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using data for Swedish graduates we show that the probability of becoming entrepreneur is strongly influenced by the area of education. We further show that compared to engineers artists are more interested in using their special skills and ready to “sacrifice” higher income against the possibility to express their talent.

  • 69.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karriärvägar bland examinerade vid Stockholms lärosäten2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten beskriver och analyserar karriärutveckling och entreprenörskap bland sysselsattaakademiker med fokus på dem som har examinerats från universitet och högskolor i Stockholms län.Tre av fyra akademiker med examen från ett lärosäte i Stockholms län arbetar i den störrependlingsregion – Stockholmsregionen – där även delar av Uppsala och Södermanlands län igår.Regionen är starkt kunskapsorienterad. Den svarar för en dryg fjärdedel av Sveriges sysselsättning mendär arbetar 48 procent av alla forskarutbildade och nästan 40 procent av alla akademiker.Stockholmsregionens andel av landets lågutbildade sysselsatta är betydligt lägre, nämligen 22 procent.Den övergripande slutsatsen av vår karriäranalys är att akademiker med examen från lärosäten iStockholms län lyckas väl på arbetsmarknaden. Jämfört med dem med examen från annat håll har deoftare en anställning med krav som motsvarar utbildningen, de har högre löner och de är i störreutsträckning verksamma som entreprenörer.Det är svårt att säga vad dessa tre skillnader till fördel för dem med en examen från Stockholms länberor på. Våra analyser av hur bilden förändras om andra förklarande faktorer tillförs tyder dock påföljande. Lönerna förblir någon eller några procent högre för dem med examen från länet. Likasåförblir sannolikheten att vara entreprenör signifikant om än marginellt högre. Dock gäller attövertaget avseende andelen som har ett akademiskt yrke ”försvinner” när hänsyn tas till andraförklaringsfaktorer.

  • 70.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH.
    Hovsepyan, Vardan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    The income return to entrepreneurship: theoretical model and outcomes for Swedish regions2018Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 61, nr 3, s. 479-498Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the income return to entrepreneurship and wage employment by means of Lazear's model of occupational choice. The paper has two major aims. The first is to develop a new theoretical framework for analyzing the income return to entrepreneurship by combining the Lazear model with the assumption that the skill profiles in a population are Frechet-distributed. The second is to demonstrate that the resulting theoretical derivations can be used for a new type of regional analysis of the income return to entrepreneurship and wage employment. The empirical analysis is based on data for individuals with a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. We compute their income return to self-employment and wage employment in three parts of Sweden: the Stockholm region, the combined Gothenburg and Malmo region, and the Rest of Sweden. The results show that the average return to self-employment is less than 5% in all regions and smaller in the Gothenburg and Malmo region than in the other two regions. The regional differences are explained by the differential supply curves and market values of entrepreneurial talent. The theoretical derivation of the income return to entrepreneurship is the main contribution of the paper. Another contribution is the derivation of regional supply curves for entrepreneurs.

  • 71.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Parsing the Menagerie of Agglomeration and Network Externalities2005Inngår i: Industrial Clusters and Inter-Firm Networks / [ed] B. Johansson, C. Karlsson and R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2005, s. 107-147Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 72.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Spatial Clusters of ICT Industries2006Inngår i: The Emerging Digital Economy / [ed] B. Johansson, C. Karlsson and R. Stough, Berlin: Springer-Verlag , 2006, s. 137-168Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 73.
    Johansson, Börje
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Transport Infrastructure Inside and Across Urban Regions: Models and assessment methods2008Inngår i: The Wider Economic Benefits of Transport: Micro-, meso- and macro-economic transport planning and investment tools / [ed] Round Table 140 , Transport Research Centre, Paris: OECD Publishing, 2008Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 74.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTIONS OF FIRMS SUSTAINED BY INNOVATION DYNAMICS - a model with empirical illustration2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops a framework to appreciate the observed heterogeneity of firm size distributions and the entry and exit of products and firms associated with it. It is based on a model where new products are introduced by innovating firms in a quasi-temporal setting of monopolistic competition. The rate at which a firm innovates, according to a firm-specific Poisson process, is assumed to be influenced by the firm’s past experience and cumulated knowledge assets. The model assigns a fundamental role to entrepreneurship of existing and potential firms. The empirical analysis is based on detailed firm-level export data, which describes firm size in terms of products and markets, and firm dynamics in terms of changes in the supply pattern (varieties and markets) of existing firms in combination with entry/exit of firms. The empirical results are consistent with the model. First, the modeled innovation process imply a persistent distribution of heterogeneous firms. Second, the invariant size distribution of firms is associated with significant micro-dynamics, where firms continuously add and subtract varieties from their product mix, and new firms may enter while some exit. Third, an econometric analysis where firms’ introduction of new varieties is explained by firm attributes provides support for the assumption of a firm-specific and state-dependent stochastic innovation process.

  • 75.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    PRODUCT INNOVATION, EXPORT AND LOCATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a model where new products are introduced by entrepreneurs or innovating firms in a quasi-temporal setting. Market conditions are characterized by monopolistic competition between varieties belonging to the same product group, where varieties can become obsolete over time and hence disappear from demand. Firms that innovate have to make an R&D investment, and a firm’s decision to export a variety to a given market is associated with a market channel investment. The model is used to predict export behavior by firms in different regional milieus, and these predictions are compared with observations from a rich data set describing export activities of Swedish firms. The data set contains firm level information about export flows, where the flow of each variety is associated with the exporting firm’s location, export value, price and destination. In the empirical analysis we examine how the arrival of innovation ideas varies across regions and how this variation depends on regional characteristics.

  • 76.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    PRODUCT INNOVATION, EXPORT ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS: an analysis of innovation ideas in regions2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on how characteristics of regions pertaining to local information about product varieties and markets as well as networks for the transmission of information about innovation opportunities influence the arrival of innovation ideas to existing and potential entrepreneurs. We formulate a model where entrepreneurs or innovating firms introduce new products in a quasi-temporal setting. Market conditions are characterized by monopolistic competition between varieties belonging to the same product group, in which there is entry and exit of varieties. Firms innovate in response to the arrival of innovation ideas. To realize these ideas firms have to make an R&D investment and a firm’s decision to export a variety to a new market is associated with a market channel investment. The theoretical model is used as a reference when formulating two regression models, with which we estimate factors that can explain the introduction of new export varieties by firms in different regional milieus. In one model we examine the emergence of new export firms, and in the second model we investigate the appearance of new export varieties. Results are consistent with the assumption that knowledge and information flows have a positive influence on the frequency of arrival of innovation ideas to firms.

  • 77.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    REGIONAL POLICY AS CHANGE MANAGEMENT: A theoretical discussion with empirical illustrations2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on challenges and potentials for policy in the presence of fundamental change processes that influence the long-term evolution of regions. The perspective in the paper implies that policy can be viewed as ‘management of change’. We present a conceptual model for understanding the nature of fundamental change processes, which emphasizes slowly changing regional characteristics and invariant self-organized response mechanisms. It is supported by empirical examples of the invariant character of regional development and innovation phenomena, such as long-term population growth, export dynamics and persistence in new firm formation across regions in Sweden. The examples are put in perspective by studying the behavior of dynamic systems. A discussion of how policy may support new trajectories are provided.

  • 78.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Andersson, Å. E.
    Mathematical Models in Spatial Economics2007Inngår i: Mathematical Models in Economics in the Encyclopedia of Mathematical Sciences, Paris: Unesco, 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 79.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Ebersberger, H.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    The Impact of Foreign Takeovers on Innovation and Productivity Performance2007Inngår i: Entrepreneurship and Development – Local Processes and Global Patterns / [ed] I. Johansson, George Mason University, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 80.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Forslund, Ulla
    The Analysis of Location, Co-Location and Urbanisation Economics2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Location analysis has two major perspectives. The first is concerned with where toplace a given economic activity or facility, defined as optimization problem, wherethe properties of the economic environment are taken as a given fact. The secondperspective motivates a different question: how can the entire landscape of activitylocations be understood and explained? Both approaches can be associated with anequilibrium framework. However, the second perspective also stimulates the studentto think about the evolution of location patterns. How do they emerge and which arethe adjustment processes?

  • 81.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Forslund, Ulla
    THE ANALYSIS OF LOCATION, CO-LOCATION ANDURBANISATION ECONOMIES2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an overview and critical assessment of co-location and clusteringin space. Basic location conditions include accessibility to customers, input suppliersincluding knowledge providers, and regional endowments. A distinction is madebetween slow and fast location adjustments. In a basic model, it is shown howdistance sensitivity and scale economies generate self-reinforcing locationexternalities. Variations of the same model are employed to illuminate howurbanisation economies can stimulate co-location and clustering. One model variant isdesigned to examine how innovation activities also can be influenced by urbanisationeconomies. The paper concludes that a set of basic principals form the basis forlocalisation and urbanisation economies. However, there remains a challenging gapbetween model predictions and empirical observations.

  • 82.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Dynamics and Entrepreneurship in a Knowledge-Based Economy2006Inngår i: Entrepreneurship and Dynamics in a Knowledge Economy / [ed] B. Johansson, C. Karlsson and R. Stough, Routledge, 2006, s. 12-46Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 83.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Knowledge and Regional Development2009Inngår i: Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories / [ed] R. Capello and P. Nijkamp, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, s. 239-255Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 84.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Knowledge, Creativity and Regional Development2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The understanding of economic development in regions in developed countries hasgone through a fundamental change during recent decades. Nowadays, regions areincreasingly looked upon as independent, dynamic market places that are connectedvia flows of interregional and international trade. Regional development is driven bychanges in the economic specialisation, which can be explained by two different, butcomplementary theoretical frameworks for analysing location and trade, one old andone new.

    In this chapter, we claim that knowledge infrastructure, human capital, talent, creativity,knowledge generation, knowledge protection, knowledge accumulation, knowledgeappropriation, knowledge flows, etc. as well as the creative use of knowledge arebasic drivers of the specialisation of regions and hence of regional development. Thepurpose is to discuss the role of knowledge and talent in regional development seen inboth a regional and a global context.

  • 85.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Regional Development and Knowledge2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the concept of knowledge and examines models depicting and explaining the role of knowledge in regional development and provides an assessment of empirical studies of how knowledge affects growth and development in functional regions. For this paper it is crucial to understand those factors that make knowledge spatially sticky and knowledge-production capacity trapped. It is equally important to explain the conditions for knowledge flows and diffusion. The presentation also widens the view by extending the analysis of knowledge creation to include aspects of creativity. Since location advantages and especially the knowledge-based advantages have the feature of moving in slowly path-dependent processes the regional policy needs to focus on structural adjustments of tangible and non-tangible infrastructure to succeed.

  • 86.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Backman, Mikaela
    INNOVATION POLICY INSTRUMENTS2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Lisbon Agenda that was launched in 2000, and had a set time-period of ten years. The purpose of the Lisbon Agenda was to make the EU the most competitive, knowledge-based economy in the world, and at the same time preserving, or even improving social cohesion and maintain environmental sustainability. The Lisbon Agenda had a large number of goals, in both quantified and qualified measures, in different areas. The main instrument that was put forward was the open method of co-ordination (OMC) that includes indicators, benchmarking, peer pressure, and best practise demonstrations.

    The forthcoming Lisbon Agenda will certainly need new approaches, and new instruments. One of the areas of instruments that can be further explored is innovation policies where the use of R&D and human capital is enhanced. Human capital is a natural part of a knowledge-based economy, and has positive impacts on growth, and jobs in the economy. Innovation policy instruments are diversified and are integrated in many areas of an economy and on many levels, which make them ideal for the next Lisbon Agenda. The instruments can have a general or specific characteristics and some span over the two characteristics.

  • 87.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Backman, Mikaela
    Juusola, Pia
    THE LISBON AGENDA FROM 2000 TO 20102007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Lisbon Agenda was approved in mars 2000 and at that time, the European Union was facing economic prosperity. Even so, globalization and new knowledge economies were becoming an increasing threat and the EU was in need of a transformation in its economy and society. The Lisbon Agenda was set to make the EU the most competitive, knowledge-based economy in the world, and at the same time preserving, or even improving social cohesion and maintain environmental sustainability. Another important motivation for the Lisbon Agenda was the perception that the EU was lagging behind the US and other major economies.

    The main instrument that was put forward was open method of co-ordination (OMC) that includes indicators, benchmarking, peer pressure, and best practise. The time-period was set for ten years and the midterm evaluations found that the goals had not be reached. Due to the lacking results, the Lisbon Agenda was forced to change some of the implementation processes.

    The many quantitative goals were reduced, and only the goal to dedicate three percent of GDP to R&D stayed in its original shape. The main goals were now on growth, and jobs.

  • 88.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Hacker, R. S.
    Emerging Market Economies in an Integrating Europe: An Introduction2004Inngår i: Emerging Market Economies and European Economic Integration / [ed] R.S. Hacker, B. Johansson and C. Karlsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 89.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Hacker, R.S.
    Emerging Market Economies and European Economic Integration 2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 90.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Norman, Therese
    Innovation, Technology and Knowledge2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines a set of fundamental changes in the global economy that have altered the nature of the innovation process, brought about global challenges, and stimulated cross border phenomena and network formation responses. These changes has brought about an increase of the demand for knowledge as well as changed the conditions for knowledge production and innovation. Against the background of a changing global economy, the purpose of the paper is to make an overview over the role and drivers of innovation, technology and knowledge. The role of absorptive capacity and knowledge flows between economic agents from different spatial units for economic growth is further emphasized. Furthermore, it is recognized in the paper that national innovative productivity depends upon the national innovation systems. Multinationals play an increasingly central role for the transfer of knowledge between different parts of the world. This paper thoroughly examines the way multinationals contribute to innovation, technology and knowledge dispersion. The distribution of knowledge investments is uneven across the globe and the occurrence of the “European paradox” highlights where Europe has failed in this context.

  • 91.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    R. Stough, Roger
    Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Functional Regions2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of entrepreneurship and innovations foreconomic development in functional regions and in doing that highlighting the differentconditions offered for entrepreneurship and innovations in functional regions of various sizes.In conclusion, the conditions for entrepreneurship and innovations vary substantially betweenfunctional regions, since the necessary knowledge resources tend to be local and to cluster incertain regions and not others. Functional regions with a high capacity to generate new ideas,create knowledge, organizational learning and innovations are characterized as learningregions. Large functional regions offer a large market potential and a superior accessibility toknowledge and knowledge resources and they will further develop their creative capabilitiesdue to an accumulation of innovative and entrepreneurial knowledge.

  • 92.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, CharlieStough, R.
    Entrepreneurship and Dynamics in a Knowledge Economy2006Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 93.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Stough, R.
    Entrepreneurship, Clusters and Policy in the Emerging Digital Economy2006Inngår i: The Emerging Digital Economy / [ed] B. Johansson, C. Karlsson and R. Stough, Berlin: Springer-Verslag , 2006, s. 1-20Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 94.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Stough, R.
    Industrial Clusters and Inter-Firm Networks 2005Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 95.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Stough, R.
    Industrial Clusters and Inter-Firm Networks: An Introduction2005Inngår i: Industrial Clusters and Inter-Firm Networks / [ed] C. Karlsson, B. Johansson and R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2005, s. 1-28Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 96.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Stough, R.
    The Emerging Digital Economy: Conclusions2006Inngår i: The Emerging Digital Economy / [ed] B. Johansson, C. Karlsson and R. Stough, Berlin: Springer-Verlag , 2006, s. 331-340Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 97.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Karlsson, CharlieStough, R.
    The Emerging Digital Economy: Entrepreneurship, Clusters and Policy 2006Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 98.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Agglomeration Dynamics of Business Services2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A major characteristic of the economic development in European and North America duringthe past 10-15 years is a fast expansion of the producer-service sector. This paper considersthe location dynamics of two categories of firms: contact-intensive producer-service suppliersand other firms, where the latter form the rest of the economy. Urban regions are decomposedinto urban areas, and the latter into zones. In the theoretical framework firms have randomchoicepreferences and respond in a non-linear way to time distances in their contact efforts.They make their location decisions in response to local, intra-regional and extra-regionalaccess to market demand. This leads to a non-linear system that over time generatescumulative change processes of growth and decline. The econometric analysis makes use ofinformation about time distances between zones in urban areas as well as between urban areasin the same agglomeration and between urban areas in different agglomerations. Thisinformation is employed in an econometric model that depicts for each urban area how thenumber of jobs in different sectors change in response to the access to customers’ purchasingpower in the entire set of urban areas. The estimation results show that the cumulative changeprocesses feature non-linear behaviour.

  • 99.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping International Business School.
    CREATIVE MILIEUS IN THE STOCKHOLM REGION2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter intends to demonstrate that the Stockholm region is the key centre for knowledge development, innovations and intellectual creativity in Sweden. The region is an attractor for individuals with ambitions and talents in political, economic and cultural life. At the same time novel ideas and solutions diffuse from the Stockholm region to other regions of the country.

    A major effort in the study is to describe occupations with regard to (i) the skills of a job and (ii) the tasks associated with a job. Moreover, the knowledge intensity of an ur-ban region can be related to the absorption capacity of firms in the region, implying that firms can make use of all sorts of novelties in the world economy as stimuli for own imitations and innovations. Compared to other parts of Sweden, the Stockholm region has both a richer inflow of creative ideas and a larger absorptive capacity. This allows the Stockholm region to function as a source of innovation and business renewal for the rest of the country as novelties diffuse through the regional hierarchy.

  • 100.
    Johansson, Börje
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Klaesson, John
    Infrastructure, Labour Market Accessibility and Economic Development2007Inngår i: The Management and Measurement of Infrastructure :  Performance, Efficiency and Innovation / [ed] C Karlsson, WP Anderson, B Johansson and K Kobayashi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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