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  • 51. Borlenghi, Simone
    et al.
    Mahani, M. R.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik.
    Fangohr, Hans
    Franchin, M.
    Delin, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Fransson, Jonas
    Micromagnetic simulations of spin-torque driven magnetization dynamics with spatially resolved spin transport and magnetization texture2017Ingår i: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 96, nr 9, artikel-id 094428Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a simple and fast method to simulate spin-torque driven magnetization dynamics in nanopillar spin-valve structures. The approach is based on the coupling between a spin transport code based on random matrix theory and a micromagnetics finite-elements software. In this way the spatial dependence of both spin transport and magnetization dynamics is properly taken into account. Our results are compared with experiments. The excitation of the spin-wave modes, including the threshold current for steady-state magnetization precession and the nonlinear frequency shift of the modes are reproduced correctly. The giant magneto resistance effect and the magnetization switching also agree with experiment. The similarities with recently described spin-caloritronics devices are also discussed.

  • 52. Borlenghi, Simone
    et al.
    Mahani, M. Reza
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF.
    Delin, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Fransson, Jonas
    Nanoscale control of heat and spin conduction in artificial spin chains2016Ingår i: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 94, nr 13, artikel-id 134419Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a mechanism to control the energy and magnetization currents in an artificial spin chain, consisting of an array of permalloy nanodisks coupled through a magnetodipolar interaction. The chain is kept out of equilibrium by two thermal baths with different temperatures connected to its ends, which control the current propagation. Transport is enhanced by applying a uniform radio-frequency pump field resonating with some of the spin-wave modes of the chain. Moreover, the two currents can be controlled independently by tuning the static field applied on the chain. Thus we describe two effective means for the independent control of coupled currents and the enhancement of thermal and spin-wave conductivity in a realistic magnonics device, suggesting that similar effects could be observed in a large class of nonlinear oscillating systems.

  • 53.
    Borlenghi, Simone
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF.
    Wang, Weiwei
    Fangohr, Hans
    Bergqvist, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Delin, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Designing a Spin-Seebeck Diode2014Ingår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 112, nr 4, s. 047203-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using micromagnetic simulations, we have investigated spin dynamics in a spin-valve bilayer in the presence of a thermal gradient. The direction and the intensity of the gradient allow us to excite the spin wave modes of each layer selectively. This permits us to synchronize the magnetization precession of the two layers and to rectify the flows of energy and magnetization through the system. Our study yields promising opportunities for applications in spin caloritronics and nanophononics devices.

  • 54.
    Borodulin, V. I.
    et al.
    Khristianovich Inst Theoret & Appl Mech, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Ivanov, A. V.
    Khristianovich Inst Theoret & Appl Mech, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Kachanov, Y. S.
    Khristianovich Inst Theoret & Appl Mech, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Mischenko, D. A.
    Khristianovich Inst Theoret & Appl Mech, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia..
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx). KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hein, S.
    DLR, Inst Aerodynam & Flow Technol, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany..
    Experimental and theoretical study of swept-wing boundary-layer instabilities. Three-dimensional Tollmien-Schlichting instability2019Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 31, nr 11, artikel-id 114104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive combined experimental and theoretical investigations of the linear evolution of three-dimensional (3D) Tollmien-Schlichting (TS) instability modes of 3D boundary layers developing on a swept airfoil section have been carried out. The flow under consideration is the boundary layer over an airfoil at 350 sweep and an angle of attack of +1.5 degrees. At these conditions, TS instability is found to be the predominant one. Perturbations with different frequencies and spanwise wavenumbers are generated in a controlled way using a row of elastic membranes. All experimental results are deeply processed and compared with results of calculations based on theoretical approaches. Very good quantitative agreement of all measured and calculated stability characteristics of swept-wing boundary layers is achieved.

  • 55.
    Borodulin, V. I.
    et al.
    Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation.
    Ivanov, A. V.
    Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation.
    Kachanov, Y. S.
    Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation.
    Mischenko, D. A.
    Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx). KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hein, S.
    Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, DLR, 37073 Göttingen, Germany.
    Experimental and theoretical study of swept-wing boundary-layer instabilities. Three-dimensional Tollmien-Schlichting instability2019Ingår i: Physics of Fluids, Vol. 31, nr 11, artikel-id 114104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive combined experimental and theoretical investigations of the linear evolution of three-dimensional (3D) Tollmien-Schlichting (TS) instability modes of 3D boundary layers developing on a swept airfoil section have been carried out. The flow under consideration is the boundary layer over an airfoil at 35° sweep and an angle of attack of +1.5°. At these conditions, TS instability is found to be the predominant one. Perturbations with different frequencies and spanwise wavenumbers are generated in a controlled way using a row of elastic membranes. All experimental results are deeply processed and compared with results of calculations based on theoretical approaches. Very good quantitative agreement of all measured and calculated stability characteristics of swept-wing boundary layers is achieved.

  • 56. Branca, Rui M. M.
    et al.
    Orre, Lukas M.
    Johansson, Henrik J.
    Granholm, Viktor
    Huss, Mikael
    Perez-Bercoff, Åsa
    Forshed, Jenny
    Käll, Lukas
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Genteknologi. KTH, Centra, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Lehtiö, Janne
    HiRIEF LC-MSMS enables deep proteome coverage and unbiased proteogenomics2014Ingår i: Nature Methods, ISSN 1548-7091, E-ISSN 1548-7105, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 59-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MSMS)-based method permitting unbiased (gene prediction-independent) genome-wide discovery of protein-coding loci in higher eukaryotes. Using high-resolution isoelectric focusing (HiRIEF) at the peptide level in the 3.7-5.0 pH range and accurate peptide isoelectric point (pI) prediction, we probed the six-reading-frame translation of the human and mouse genomes and identified 98 and 52 previously undiscovered protein-coding loci, respectively. The method also enabled deep proteome coverage, identifying 13,078 human and 10,637 mouse proteins.

  • 57.
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    The lift-up effect: The linear mechanism behind transition and turbulence in shear flows2014Ingår i: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 47, s. 80-96Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation and amplification of streamwise velocity perturbations induced by cross-stream disturbances is ubiquitous in shear flows. This disturbance growth mechanism, so neatly identified by Ellingsen and Palm in 1975, is a key process in transition to turbulence and self-sustained turbulence. In this review, we first present the original derivation and early studies and then discuss the non-modal growth of streaks, the result of the lift-up process, in transitional and turbulent shear flows. In the second part, the effects on the lift-up process of additives in the fluid and of a second phase are discussed and new results presented with emphasis on particle-laden shear flows. For all cases considered, we see the lift-up process to be a very robust process, always present as a first step in subcritical transition.

  • 58.
    Brandt, L.uca
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Ardekani, Mehdi Niazi
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Picano, F.
    Costa, P.
    Breugem, W. -P
    Numerical study of turbulent channel flow laden with finite-size non-spherical particles2017Ingår i: 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017, International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10 , 2017, Vol. 4Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present interface-resolved numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow laden with non-spherical rigid and neutrally-buoyant particles. We first focus on the case of oblate particles of aspect ratio 1/3 at volume fractions up to 15% and show that the turbulent drag is decreasing when increasing the particle volume fraction although the effective viscosity of the suspension actually increases. We relate the observed drag reduction to turbulence attenuation and to particle migration away from the near-wall region. Particles tend to align parallel to the wall with rotation rates significantly lower than those reported for spheres. In the second part of the study, we examine the effect of the particle slenderness on the observed drag reduction and show that the drag increases for flatter particles.

  • 59.
    Brethouwer, Geert
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Turbulens. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Duguet, Yohann
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Johansson, Arne V.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Turbulens. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Recurrent Bursts via Linear Processes in Turbulent Environments2014Ingår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 112, nr 14, s. 144502-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale instabilities occurring in the presence of small-scale turbulent fluctuations are frequently observed in geophysical or astrophysical contexts but are difficult to reproduce in the laboratory. Using extensive numerical simulations, we report here on intense recurrent bursts of turbulence in plane Poiseuille flow rotating about a spanwise axis. A simple model based on the linear instability of the mean flow can predict the structure and time scale of the nearly periodic and self-sustained burst cycles. Poiseuille flow is suggested as a prototype for future studies of low-dimensional dynamics embedded in strongly turbulent environments.

  • 60.
    Brockmann, Philipp
    et al.
    Tech Univ Darmstadt, Inst Fluid Mech & Aerodynam, Flughafenstr 19, D-64347 Griesheim, Germany..
    Kazerooni, Hamid Tabaei
    Tech Univ Ilmenau, Inst Thermodynam & Fluid Mech, D-98693 Ilmenau, Germany..
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hussong, Jeanette
    Tech Univ Darmstadt, Inst Fluid Mech & Aerodynam, Flughafenstr 19, D-64347 Griesheim, Germany..
    Utilizing the ball lens effect for astigmatism particle tracking velocimetry2020Ingår i: Experiments in Fluids, ISSN 0723-4864, E-ISSN 1432-1114, Vol. 61, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, a simple method is developed to apply astigmatism particle tracking velocimetry (APTV) to transparent particles utilizing backlight illumination. Here, a particle acts as ball lens and bundles the light to a focal point, which is used to determine the particle's out-of-plane position. Due to the distance between focal point and particle, additional features have to be considered in ball lens astigmatism particle tracking velocimetry (BLAPTV) compared to conventional APTV. We describe required calibration steps and perform parameter studies to show how the autocorrelation coefficient and the light exposure affect the accuracy of the method. It is found that the accuracy and robustness of the Euclidean calibration approach as also used in conventional APTV (Cierpka et al. in Meas Sci Technol 22(1):015401, 2010a) can be increased if an additional calibration curve for the light intensity of the particle's focal point is considered. In addition, we study the influence of the particle diameter and the refractive index jump between liquid and particles on the calibration curves and the accuracy. In this way, particles of the same size, but different material, can be distinguished by their calibration curve. Furthermore, an approach is presented to account for shape changes of the calibration curve along the depth of the measurement volume. Overall, BLAPTV provides high out-of-plane particle reconstruction accuracies with respect to the particle diameter. In test cases, position uncertainties down to 1.8% of the particle diameter are achieved for particles of dp=124 mu m. The measurement technique is validated for a laminar flow in a straight rectangular channel with a cross-sectional area of 2.3x30 mm2. Uncertainties of 0.75% for the in-plane and 2.29% for out-of-plane velocity with respect to the maximum streamwise velocity are achieved.Graphic abstract [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

  • 61.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Studies on instability and optimal forcing of incompressible flows2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers the hydrodynamic instability and optimal forcing of a number of incompressible flow cases. In the first part, the instabilities of three problems that are of great interest in energy and aerospace applications are studied, namely a Blasius boundary layer subject to localized wall-suction, a Falkner–Skan–Cooke boundary layer with a localized surface roughness, and a pair of helical vortices. The two boundary layer flows are studied through spectral element simulations and eigenvalue computations, which enable their long-term behavior as well as the mechanisms causing transition to be determined. The emergence of transition in these cases is found to originate from a linear flow instability, but whereas the onset of this instability in the Blasius flow can be associated with a localized region in the vicinity of the suction orifice, the instability in the Falkner–Skan–Cooke flow involves the entire flow field. Due to this difference, the results of the eigenvalue analysis in the former case are found to be robust with respect to numerical parameters and domain size, whereas the results in the latter case exhibit an extreme sensitivity that prevents domain independent critical parameters from being determined. The instability of the two helices is primarily addressed through experiments and analytic theory. It is shown that the well known pairing instability of neighboring vortex filaments is responsible for transition, and careful measurements enable growth rates of the instabilities to be obtained that are in close agreement with theoretical predictions. Using the experimental baseflow data, a successful attempt is subsequently also made to reproduce this experiment numerically.

    In the second part of the thesis, a novel method for computing the optimal forcing of a dynamical system is developed. The method is based on an application of the inverse power method preconditioned by the Laplace preconditioner to the direct and adjoint resolvent operators. The method is analyzed for the Ginzburg–Landau equation and afterwards the Navier–Stokes equations, where it is implemented in the spectral element method and validated on the two-dimensional lid-driven cavity flow and the flow around a cylinder.

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  • 62.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Barman, Emelie
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    On the stability of a Blasius boundary layer subject to localized suction2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work the problem of premature transition in boundary layers due to localized suction is revisited. A thorough study involving nonlinear direct numerical simulations, a three-dimensional linear stability analysis, a sensitivity study and a Koopman analysis is presented. The ensemble of these different techniques enables the origins of oversuction to be studied in great detail and provides new insight into the transition process of the flow. The configuration considered consists of an infinite row of widely separated suction pipes that are mounted to the plate at right angles. For the parameter range investigated, the flow inside the pipe is seen to bifurcate at a lower suction ratio than the boundary layer and thus act as an oscillator that forces the external flow over the plate. At low levels of suction, this forcing is not enough to cause transition in the boundary layer, but as the suction level is increased beyond criticality, modes originating from the pipe and extending into the boundary layer are seen to destabilize as well. These modes enable the perturbations forced in the pipe to also amplify in the boundary layer, which leads to a rapid breakdown to turbulence in the wake of the suction hole.

  • 63.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    A note on the numerical realization of helical vortices: application to vortex instability2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The need to numerically represent a free vortex system arises frequently in fundamental and applied research. Many possible techniques for realizing this vortex system exist but most tend to prioritize accuracy either inside or outside of the vortex core, which therefore makes them unsuitable to for a stability analysis considering the entire flow field. In this article, a simple method is presented that is shown to yield an accurate representation of the flow inside and outside of the vortex core. The method is readily implemented in any incompressible Navier–Stokes solver using primitive variables and Cartesian coordinates. It can potentially be used to model a wide range of vortices but is here applied to reproduce a recent experiment by Quaranta et al. (2017) considering two helices. A three-dimensional stability analysis is performed and yields an eigenvalue spectrum that features both long- and short-wave instabilities.

  • 64.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Numerical realization of helical vortices: application to vortex instability2019Ingår i: Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, ISSN 0935-4964, E-ISSN 1432-2250Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The need to numerically represent a free vortex system arises frequently in fundamental and applied research. Many possible techniques for realizing this vortex system exist but most tend to prioritize accuracy either inside or outside of the vortex core, which therefore makes them unsuitable for a stability analysis considering the entire flow field. In this article, a simple method is presented that is shown to yield an accurate representation of the flow inside and outside of the vortex core. The method is readily implemented in any incompressible Navier–Stokes solver using primitive variables and Cartesian coordinates. It can potentially be used to model a wide range of vortices but is here applied to the case of two helices, which is of renewed interest due to its relevance for wind turbines and helicopters. Three-dimensional stability analysis is performed in both a rotating and a translating frame of reference, which yield eigenvalue spectra that feature both mutual inductance and elliptic instabilities. Comparison of these spectra with available theoretical predictions is used to validate the proposed baseflow model, and new insights into the elliptic instability of curved Batchelor vortices are presented. Furthermore, it is shown that the instabilities in the rotating and the translating reference frames have the same structure and growth rate, but different frequency. A relation between these frequencies is provided.

  • 65.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Processteknisk strömningsmekanik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Modal analysis of roughness-induced crossflow vortices in a Falkner-Skan-Cooke boundary layer2013Ingår i: International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2013, TSFP-8 , 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A three-dimensional global stability analysis using high-order direct numerical simulations is performed to investigate the effect of surface roughness with Reynolds number (based on roughness height) Rek above and below the critical value for transition, on the eigenmodes of a Falkner-Skan-Cooke boundary layer. The surface roughness is introduced with the immersed boundary method and the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are solved using an iterative time-stepper method. The study reveals a global instability for the case with higher Reynolds number that causes the flow in the non-linear simulations to break down to turbulence shortly downstream of the roughness. Examination of the unstable linear global modes show that these are the same modes that are observed in experiments immediately before breakdown due to secondary instability, which emphasizes the importance of these modes in transition.

  • 66.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Shahriari, Nima
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Stability and sensitivity of a cross-flow-dominated Falkner-Skan-Cooke boundary layer with discrete surface roughness2017Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 826, s. 830-850Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the motivation of determining the critical roughness size, a global stability and sensitivity analysis of a three-dimensional Falkner-Skan-Cooke (FSC) boundary layer with a cylindrical surface roughness is performed. The roughness size is chosen such that breakdown to turbulence is initiated by a global version of traditional secondary instabilities of the cross-flow (CF) vortices instead of an immediate flow tripping at the roughness. The resulting global eigenvalue spectra of the systems are found to be very sensitive to numerical parameters and domain size. This sensitivity to numerical parameters is quantified using the epsilon-pseudospectrum, and the dependency on the domain is analysed through an impulse response, structural sensitivity analysis and an energy budget. It is shown that while the frequencies remain relatively unchanged, the growth rates increase with domain size, which originates from the inclusion of stronger CF vortices in the baseflow. This is reflected in a change in the rate of advective energy transport by the baseflow. It is concluded that the onset of global instability in a FSC boundary layer as the roughness height is increased does not correspond to an immediate flow tripping behind the roughness, but occurs for lower roughness heights if sufficiently long domains are considered. However, the great sensitivity results in an inability to accurately pinpoint the exact parameter values for the bifurcation, and the large spatial growth of the disturbances in the long domains eventually becomes larger than can be resolved using finite-precision arithmetic.

  • 67.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Shahriari, Nima
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Stability and sensitivity of a crossflow-dominated Falkner–Skan–Cooke boundary layer with discrete surface roughness2016Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the motivation of determining the critical roughness size, a global stability and sensitivity analysis of a three-dimensional Falkner–Skan–Cooke (FSC) boundary layer with a cylindrical surface roughness is performed. The roughness size is chosen such that breakdown to turbulence is initiated by a global version of traditional secondary instabilities of the crossflow (CF) vortices, instead of an immediate flow tripping at the roughness. The resulting global eigenvalue spectra of the systems are found to be very sensitive to numerical parameters and domain size. This sensitivity to numerical parameters is quantified using the "-pseudospectrum, and the dependency on the domain is analysed through an impulse response and an energy budget. It is shown that the growth rates increase with domain size, which originates from the inclusion of stronger CF vortices in the baseflow. This is reflected in a change in the rate of advective energy transport by the baseflow. It is concluded that the onset of global instability in a FSC boundary layer as the roughness height is increased does not correspond to an immediate flow tripping behind the roughness, but occurs for lower roughness heights if su ciently long domains are considered. However, the great sensitivity results in an inability to accurately pinpoint the exact parameter values for the bifurcation, and the large spatial growth of the disturbances in the long domains eventually becomes larger than what can be resolved using finite precision arithmetics. 

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  • 68.
    Brynjell-Rahkola, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Tuckerman, L. S.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Computing Optimal Forcing Using Laplace Preconditioning2017Ingår i: Communications in Computational Physics, ISSN 1815-2406, E-ISSN 1991-7120, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 1508-1532Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For problems governed by a non-normal operator, the leading eigenvalue of the operator is of limited interest and a more relevant measure of the stability is obtained by considering the harmonic forcing causing the largest system response. Various methods for determining this so-called optimal forcing exist, but they all suffer from great computational expense and are hence not practical for large-scale problems. In the present paper a new method is presented, which is applicable to problems of arbitrary size. The method does not rely on timestepping, but on the solution of linear systems, in which the inverse Laplacian acts as a preconditioner. By formulating the search for the optimal forcing as an eigenvalue problem based on the resolvent operator, repeated system solves amount to power iterations, in which the dominant eigenvalue is seen to correspond to the energy amplification in a system for a given frequency, and the eigenfunction to the corresponding forcing function. Implementation of the method requires only minor modifications of an existing timestepping code, and is applicable to any partial differential equation containing the Laplacian, such as the Navier-Stokes equations. We discuss the method, first, in the context of the linear Ginzburg-Landau equation and then, the two-dimensional lid-driven cavity flow governed by the Navier-Stokes equations. Most importantly, we demonstrate that for the lid-driven cavity, the optimal forcing can be computed using a factor of up to 500 times fewer operator evaluations than the standard method based on exponential timestepping.

  • 69.
    Bäbler, Matthäus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemiteknik, Energiprocesser.
    Biferale, Luca
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Feudel, Ulrike
    Guseva, Ksenia
    Lanotte, Alessandra S.
    Marchioli, Cristian
    Picano, Francesco
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. University of Padua, Italy.
    Sardina, Gaetano
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Soldati, Alfredo
    Toschi, Federico
    Numerical simulations of aggregate breakup in bounded and unbounded turbulent flows2015Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 766Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Breakup of small aggregates in fully developed turbulence is studied by means of direct numerical simulations in a series of typical bounded and unbounded flow configurations, such as a turbulent channel flow, a developing boundary layer and homogeneous isotropic turbulence. The simplest criterion for breakup is adopted, whereby aggregate breakup occurs when the local hydrodynamic stress sigma similar to epsilon(1/2), with epsilon being the energy dissipation at the position of the aggregate, overcomes a given threshold sigma(cr), which is characteristic for a given type of aggregate. Results show that the breakup rate decreases with increasing threshold. For small thresholds, it develops a scaling behaviour among the different flows. For high thresholds, the breakup rates show strong differences between the different flow configurations, highlighting the importance of non-universal mean-flow properties. To further assess the effects of flow inhomogeneity and turbulent fluctuations, the results are compared with those obtained in a smooth stochastic flow. Furthermore, we discuss the limitations and applicability of a set of independent proxies.

  • 70.
    Canton, Jacopo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx). KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Linear stability of the flow in a toroidal pipe2015Ingår i: 9th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2015, TSFP-9 , 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While hydrodynamic stability and transition to turbulence in straight pipes - being one of the most fundamental problems in fluid mechanics - has been studied extensively, the stability of curved pipes has received less attention. In the present work, the first (linear) instability of the canonical flow inside a toroidal pipe is investigated as a first step in the study of the related laminar-turbulent transition process. The impact of the curvature of the pipe, in the range 8 e [0.002,1], on the stability properties of the flow is studied in the framework of linear stability analysis. Results show that the flow is indeed modally unstable for all curvatures investigated and that the wave number corresponding to the critical mode depends on the curvature, as do several other features of this problem. The critical modes are mainly located in the region of the Dean vortices, and are characterised by oscillations which are symmetric or antisymmetric as a function of the curvature. The neutral curve associated with the first bifurcation is the result of a complex interaction between isolated modes and branches composed by several modes characterised by a common structure. This behaviour is in obvious contrast to that of straight pipes, which are linearly stable for all Reynolds numbers.

  • 71.
    Canton, Jacopo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Modal instability of the flow in a toroidal pipe2016Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 792, s. 894-909Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The modal instability encountered by the incompressible flow inside a toroidal pipe is studied, for the first time, by means of linear stability analysis and direct numerical simulation (DNS). In addition to the unquestionable aesthetic appeal, the torus represents the smallest departure from the canonical straight pipe flow, at least for low curvatures. The flow is governed by only two parameters: the Reynolds number (Formula presented.) and the curvature of the torus (Formula presented.), i.e. the ratio between pipe radius and torus radius. The absence of additional features, such as torsion in the case of a helical pipe, allows us to isolate the effect that the curvature has on the onset of the instability. Results show that the flow is linearly unstable for all curvatures investigated between 0.002 and unity, and undergoes a Hopf bifurcation at (Formula presented.) of about 4000. The bifurcation is followed by the onset of a periodic regime, characterised by travelling waves with wavelength (Formula presented.) pipe diameters. The neutral curve associated with the instability is traced in parameter space by means of a novel continuation algorithm. Tracking the bifurcation provides a complete description of the modal onset of instability as a function of the two governing parameters, and allows a precise calculation of the critical values of (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.). Several different modes are found, with differing properties and eigenfunction shapes. Some eigenmodes are observed to belong to groups with a set of common characteristics, deemed ‘families’, while others appear as ‘isolated’. Comparison with nonlinear DNS shows excellent agreement, confirming every aspect of the linear analysis, its accuracy, and proving its significance for the nonlinear flow. Experimental data from the literature are also shown to be in considerable agreement with the present results.

  • 72.
    Canton, Jacopo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Chin, Cheng
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Reynolds number dependence of large-scale friction control in turbulent channel flow2016Ingår i: Physical Review Fluids, E-ISSN 2469-990X, Vol. 1, nr 8, artikel-id 081501Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present work investigates the effectiveness of the control strategy introduced by Schoppa and Hussain [Phys. Fluids 10, 1049 (1998)] as a function of Reynolds number (Re). The skin-friction drag reduction method proposed by these authors, consisting of streamwise-invariant, counter-rotating vortices, was analyzed by Canton et al. [Flow, Turbul. Combust. 97, 811 (2016)] in turbulent channel flows for friction Reynolds numbers (Re t) corresponding to the value of the original study (i.e., 104) and 180. For these Re, a slightly modified version of the method proved to be successful and was capable of providing a drag reduction of up to 18%. The present study analyzes the Reynolds number dependence of this drag-reducing strategy by performing two sets of direct numerical simulations (DNS) for Re-tau = 360 and 550. A detailed analysis of the method as a function of the control parameters (amplitude and wavelength) and Re confirms, on the one hand, the effectiveness of the large-scale vortices at low Re and, on the other hand, the decreasing and finally vanishing effectiveness of this method for higher Re. In particular, no drag reduction can be achieved for Re t = 550 for any combination of the parameters controlling the vortices. For low Reynolds numbers, the large-scale vortices are able to affect the near-wall cycle and alter the wall-shear-stress distribution to cause an overall drag reduction effect, in accordance with most control strategies. For higher Re, instead, the present method fails to penetrate the near-wall region and cannot induce the spanwise velocity variation observed in other more established control strategies, which focus on the near-wall cycle. Despite the negative outcome, the present results demonstrate the shortcomings of the control strategy and show that future focus should be on methods that directly target the near-wall region or other suitable alternatives.

  • 73.
    Canton, Jacopo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Characterisation of the steady, laminar incompressible flow in toroidal pipes covering the entire curvature range2017Ingår i: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0142-727X, E-ISSN 1879-2278, Vol. 66, s. 95-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work is concerned with a detailed investigation of the steady (laminar), incompressible flow inside bent pipes. In particular, a toroidal pipe is considered in an effort to isolate the effect of the curvature, δ, on the flow features, and to compare the present results to available correlations in the literature. More than 110 000 numerical solutions are computed, without any approximation, spanning the entire curvature range, 0 ≤ δ ≤ 1, and for bulk Reynolds numbers Re up to 7 000, where the flow is known to be unsteady. Results show that the Dean number De provides a meaningful non-dimensional group only below very strict limits on the curvature and the Dean number itself. For δ>10−6 and De > 10, in fact, not a single flow feature is found to scale well with the Dean number. These considerations are also valid for quantities, such as the Fanning friction factor, that were previously considered Dean-number dependent only. The flow is therefore studied as a function of two equally important, independent parameters: the curvature of the pipe and the Reynolds number. The analysis shows that by increasing the curvature the flow is fundamentally changed. Moderate to high curvatures are not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively different from low δ cases. A complete description of some of the most relevant flow quantities is provided. Most notably the friction factor f for laminar flow in curved pipes by Ito [J. Basic Eng. 81:123–134 (1959)] is reproduced, the influence of the curvature on f is quantified and the scaling is discussed. A complete database including all the computed solutions is available at www.flow.kth.se.

  • 74. Capuccini, Marco
    et al.
    Ahmed, Laeeq
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), High Performance Computing and Visualization (HPCViz).
    Schaal, Wesley
    Laure, Erwin
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Parallelldatorcentrum, PDC. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), High Performance Computing and Visualization (HPCViz). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Beräkningsvetenskap och beräkningsteknik (CST).
    Spjuth, Ola
    Large-scale virtual screening on public cloud resources with Apache Spark2017Ingår i: Journal of Cheminformatics, ISSN 1758-2946, E-ISSN 1758-2946, Vol. 9, artikel-id 15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Structure-based virtual screening is an in-silico method to screen a target receptor against a virtual molecular library. Applying docking-based screening to large molecular libraries can be computationally expensive, however it constitutes a trivially parallelizable task. Most of the available parallel implementations are based on message passing interface, relying on low failure rate hardware and fast network connection. Google's MapReduce revolutionized large-scale analysis, enabling the processing of massive datasets on commodity hardware and cloud resources, providing transparent scalability and fault tolerance at the software level. Open source implementations of MapReduce include Apache Hadoop and the more recent Apache Spark. Results: We developed a method to run existing docking-based screening software on distributed cloud resources, utilizing the MapReduce approach. We benchmarked our method, which is implemented in Apache Spark, docking a publicly available target receptor against similar to 2.2 M compounds. The performance experiments show a good parallel efficiency (87%) when running in a public cloud environment. Conclusion: Our method enables parallel Structure-based virtual screening on public cloud resources or commodity computer clusters. The degree of scalability that we achieve allows for trying out our method on relatively small libraries first and then to scale to larger libraries.

  • 75. Cedervall, Johan
    et al.
    Andersson, Mikael Svante
    Sarkar, Tapati
    Delczeg-Czirjak, Erna K.
    Bergqvist, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hansen, Thomas C.
    Beran, Premysl
    Nordblad, Per
    Sahlberg, Martin
    Magnetic structure of the magnetocaloric compound AlFe2B22016Ingår i: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN 0925-8388, E-ISSN 1873-4669, Vol. 664, s. 784-791Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The crystal and magnetic structures of AlFe2B2 have been studied with a combination of X-ray and neutron diffraction and electronic structure calculations. The magnetic and magnetocaloric properties have been investigated by magnetisation measurements. The samples have been produced using high temperature synthesis and subsequent heat treatments. The compound crystallises in the orthorhombic crystal system Cmmm and it orders ferromagnetically at 285 K through a second order phase transition. At temperatures below the magnetic transition the magnetic moments align along the crystallographic a-axis. The magnetic entropy change from 0 to 800 kA/m was found to be - 1.3 J/K kg at the magnetic transition temperature.

  • 76.
    Chaparian, Emad
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik.
    Izbassarov, Daulet
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    De Vita, Francesco
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Mech Dept, SERC, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Mech Dept, SERC, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tammisola, Outi
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik.
    Yield-stress fluids in porous media: a comparison of viscoplastic and elastoviscoplastic flows2020Ingår i: Meccanica (Milano. Print), ISSN 0025-6455, E-ISSN 1572-9648, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 331-342Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A numerical and theoretical study of yield-stress fluid flows in two types of model porous media is presented. We focus on viscoplastic and elastoviscoplastic flows to reveal some differences and similarities between these two classes of flows. Small elastic effects increase the pressure drop and also the size of unyielded regions in the flow which is the consequence of different stress solutions compare to viscoplastic flows. Yet, the velocity fields in the viscoplastic and elastoviscoplastic flows are comparable for small elastic effects. By increasing the yield stress, the difference in the pressure drops between the two classes of flows becomes smaller and smaller for both considered geometries. When the elastic effects increase, the elastoviscoplastic flow becomes time-dependent and some oscillations in the flow can be observed. Focusing on the regime of very large yield stress effects in the viscoplastic flow, we address in detail the interesting limit of 'flow/no flow': yield-stress fluids can resist small imposed pressure gradients and remain quiescent. The critical pressure gradient which should be exceeded to guarantee a continuous flow in the porous media will be reported. Finally, we propose a theoretical framework for studying the 'yield limit' in the porous media.

  • 77.
    Chaparian, Emad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Tammisola, Outi
    An adaptive finite element method for elastoviscoplastic fluid flows2019Ingår i: Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0377-0257, E-ISSN 1873-2631, Vol. 271, artikel-id UNSP 104148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Elastoviscoplastic fluids are a class of yield-stress fluids that behave like neoHookean (or viscoelastic) solids when the imposed stress is less than the yield stress whereas after yielding, their behaviour is described by a viscoplastic fluid with an additional elastic history. This exceptional behaviour has been recently observed by many yield stress fluids in rheometric tests such as waxy crude oil, Carbopol gel, etc. Moreover, interesting phenomena have been evidenced experimentally such as the presence of a negative wake and a loss of fore-aft symmetry about a settling particle which are predominantly related to the elastic behaviour of yield-stress fluids (i.e., coupling of elasticity and plasticity). Here, we present a numerical scheme based on the so-called augmented Lagrangian method for numerical simulation of elastoviscoplastic fluid flows. The method is benchmarked by two rheometric flows: Poiseuille and circular Couette flows for which analytical solutions are derived. Moreover, anisotropic adaptive mesh procedure (which was previously introduced for viscoplastic fluid flows by Saramito and Roquet, Comput. Meth. Appl. Mech. Eng., vol. 190, 2001, pp. 5391-5412) is coupled to obtain a fine resolution of the yield surfaces. Finally, the presented method is applied to study more complex flows: elastoviscoplastic fluid flow in a wavy channel.

  • 78.
    Chaparian, Emad
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Tammisola, Outi
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Stability of particles inside yield-stress fluid Poiseuille flows2020Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 885, artikel-id A45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The stability of neutrally and non-neutrally buoyant particles immersed in a plane Poiseuille flow of a yield-stress fluid (Bingham fluid) is addressed numerically. Particles being carried by the yield-stress fluid can behave in different ways: they might (i) migrate inside the yielded regions or (ii) be transported without any relative motion inside the unyielded region if the yield stress is large enough compared to the buoyancy stress and the other stresses acting on the particles. Knowing the static stability of particles inside a bath of quiescent yield-stress fluid (Chaparian & Frigaard, J. Fluid Mech., vol. 819, 2017, pp. 311-351), we analyse the latter behaviour when the yield-stress fluid Poiseuille flow is host to two-dimensional particles. Numerical experiments reveal that particles lose their stability (i.e. break the unyielded plug and sediment/migrate) with smaller buoyancy compared to the sedimentation inside a bath of quiescent yield-stress fluid, because of the inherent shear stress in the Poiseuille flow. The key parameter in interpreting the present results is the position of the particle relative to the position of the yield surface in the undisturbed flow (in the absence of any particle): the larger the portion of a particle located inside the undisturbed sheared regions, the more likely is the particle to be unstable. Yet, we find that the core unyielded plug can grow locally to some extent to contain the particles. This picture holds even for neutrally buoyant particles, although they are strictly stable when they are located wholly inside the undisturbed plug. We propose scalings for all cases.

  • 79.
    Chattopadhyaya, Mausumi
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Teoretisk kemi och biologi.
    Murugan, N. Arul
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Teoretisk kemi och biologi.
    Rinkevicius, Zilvinas
    KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Teoretisk kemi och biologi. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Origin of the Absorption Band of Bromophenol Blue in Acidic and Basic pH: Insight from a Combined Molecular Dynamics and TD-DFT/MM Study2016Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 120, nr 36, s. 7175-7182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the linear and nonlinear optical properties of a well-known acid base indicator, bromophenol blue (BPB), in aqueous solution by employing static and integrated approaches. In the static approach, optical properties have been calculated using time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) on the fully relaxed geometries of the neutral and different unprotonated forms of BPB. Moreover, both closed and open forms of BPB were considered. In the integrated approach, the optical properties have been computed over many snapshots extracted from molecular dynamics simulation using a hybrid time-dependent density functional theory/molecular mechanics approach. The static approach suggests closed neutral double right arrow anionic interconversion as the dominant mechanism for the red shift in the absorption spectra of BPB due to a change from acidic to basic pH. It is found by employing an integrated approach that the two interconversions, namely open neutral double right arrow anionic and open neutral double right arrow dianionic, can contribute to the pH- dependent shift in the absorption spectra of BPB. Even though both static and integrated approaches reproduce the pH-dependent red shift in the absorption spectra of BPB, the latter one is suitable to determine both the spectra and spectral broadening. Finally, the computed static first hyperpolarizability for various protonated and deprotonated forms of BPB reveals that this molecule can be used as a nonlinear optical probe for pH sensing in addition to its highly exploited use as an optical probe.

  • 80.
    Chauvat, Guillaume
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI).
    Peplinski, Adam
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI). KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI). KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Global linear analysis of a jet in cross-flow at low velocity ratios2020Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 889, artikel-id A12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The stability of the jet in cross-flow is investigated using a complete set-up including the flow inside the pipe. First, direct simulations were performed to find the critical velocity ratio as a function of the Reynolds number, keeping the boundary-layer displacement thickness fixed. At all Reynolds numbers investigated, there exists a steady regime at low velocity ratios. As the velocity ratio is increased, a bifurcation to a limit cycle composed of hairpin vortices is observed. The critical bulk velocity ratio is found at approximately for the Reynolds number , above which a global mode of the system becomes unstable. An impulse response analysis was performed and characteristics of the generated wave packets were analysed, which confirmed results of our global mode analysis. In order to study the sensitivity of this flow, we performed transient growth computations and also computed the optimal periodic forcing and its response. Even well below this stability limit, at , large transient growth ( in energy amplification) is possible and the resolvent norm of the linearized Navier-Stokes operator peaks above . This is accompanied with an extreme sensitivity of the spectrum to numerical details, making the computation of a few tens of eigenvalues close to the limit of what can be achieved with double precision arithmetic. We demonstrate that including the meshing of the jet pipe in the simulations does not change qualitatively the dynamics of the flow when compared to the simple Dirichlet boundary condition representing the jet velocity profile. This is in agreement with the recent experimental results of Klotz et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 863, 2019, pp. 386-406) and in contrast to previous studies of Cambonie & Aider (Phys. Fluids, vol. 26, 2014, 084101). Our simulations also show that a small amount of noise at subcritical velocity ratios may trigger the shedding of hairpin vortices.

  • 81. Chen, Y.
    et al.
    Tóth, G.
    Jia, X.
    Slavin, J. A.
    Sun, W.
    Markidis, Stefano
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Datavetenskap, Beräkningsvetenskap och beräkningsteknik (CST).
    Gombosi, T. I.
    Raines, J. M.
    Studying Dawn-Dusk Asymmetries of Mercury's Magnetotail Using MHD-EPIC Simulations2019Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 124, nr 11, s. 8954-8973Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    MESSENGER has observed a lot of dawn-dusk asymmetries in Mercury's magnetotail, such as the asymmetries of the cross-tail current sheet thickness and the occurrence of flux ropes, dipolarization events, and energetic electron injections. In order to obtain a global pictures of Mercury's magnetotail dynamics and the relationship between these asymmetries, we perform global simulations with the magnetohydrodynamics with embedded particle-in-cell (MHD-EPIC) model, where Mercury's magnetotail region is covered by a PIC code. Our simulations show that the dawnside current sheet is thicker, the plasma density is larger, and the electron pressure is higher than the duskside. Under a strong interplanetary magnetic field driver, the simulated reconnection sites prefer the dawnside. We also found the dipolarization events and the planetward electron jets are moving dawnward while they are moving toward the planet, so that almost all dipolarization events and high-speed plasma flows concentrate in the dawn sector. The simulation results are consistent with MESSENGER observations.

  • 82. Chen, Yuxi
    et al.
    Toth, Gabor
    Cassak, Paul
    Jia, Xianzhe
    Gombosi, Tamas I.
    Slavin, James A.
    Markidis, Stefano
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Peng, Ivy Bo
    KTH.
    Jordanova, Vania K.
    Henderson, Michael G.
    Global Three-Dimensional Simulation of Earth's Dayside Reconnection Using a Two-Way Coupled Magnetohydrodynamics With Embedded Particle-in-Cell Model: Initial Results2017Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 122, nr 10, s. 10318-10335Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We perform a three-dimensional (3-D) global simulation of Earth's magnetosphere with kinetic reconnection physics to study the flux transfer events (FTEs) and dayside magnetic reconnection with the recently developed magnetohydrodynamics with embedded particle-in-cell model. During the 1 h long simulation, the FTEs are generated quasi-periodically near the subsolar point and move toward the poles. We find that the magnetic field signature of FTEs at their early formation stage is similar to a "crater FTE," which is characterized by a magnetic field strength dip at the FTE center. After the FTE core field grows to a significant value, it becomes an FTE with typical flux rope structure. When an FTE moves across the cusp, reconnection between the FTE field lines and the cusp field lines can dissipate the FTE. The kinetic features are also captured by our model. A crescent electron phase space distribution is found near the reconnection site. A similar distribution is found for ions at the location where the Larmor electric field appears. The lower hybrid drift instability (LHDI) along the current sheet direction also arises at the interface of magnetosheath and magnetosphere plasma. The LHDI electric field is about 8 mV/m, and its dominant wavelength relative to the electron gyroradius agrees reasonably with Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) observations.

  • 83. Citro, Vincenzo
    et al.
    Giannetti, Flavio
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Fysiokemisk strömningsmekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Luchini, Paolo
    Linear three-dimensional global and asymptotic stability analysis of incompressible open cavity flow2015Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 768Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The viscous and inviscid linear stability of the incompressible flow past a square open cavity is studied numerically. The analysis shows that the flow first undergoes a steady three-dimensional bifurcation at a critical Reynolds number of 1370. The critical mode is localized inside the cavity and has a flat roll structure with a spanwise wavelength of about 0.47 cavity depths. The adjoint global mode reveals that the instability is most efficiently triggered in the thin region close to the upstream tip of the cavity. The structural sensitivity analysis identifies the wavemaker as the region located inside the cavity and spatially concentrated around a closed orbit. As the flow outside the cavity plays no role in the generation mechanisms leading to the bifurcation, we confirm that an appropriate parameter to describe the critical conditions in open cavity flows is the Reynolds number based on the average velocity between the two upper edges. Stabilization is achieved by a decrease of the total momentum inside the shear layer that drives the core vortex within the cavity. The mechanism of instability is then studied by means of a short-wavelength approximation considering pressureless inviscid modes. The closed streamline related to the maximum inviscid growth rate is found to be the same as that around which the global wavemaker is concentrated. The structural sensitivity field based on direct and adjoint eigenmodes, computed at a Reynolds number far higher than that of the base flow, can predict the critical orbit on which the main instabilities inside the cavity arise. Further, we show that the sub-leading unstable time-dependent modes emerging at supercritical conditions are characterized by a period that is a multiple of the revolution time of Lagrangian particles along the orbit of maximum growth rate. The eigenfrequencies of these modes, computed by global stability analysis, are in very good agreement with the asymptotic results.

  • 84.
    Costa, Pedro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. Univ Iceland, Fac Ind Engn Mech Engn & Comp Sci, Hjardarhagi 2-6, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Picano, Francesco
    Univ Padua, Dept Ind Engn, Via Venezia 1, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Interface-resolved simulations of small inertial particles in turbulent channel flow2020Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 883, artikel-id A54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a direct comparison between interface-resolved and one-way-coupled point-particle direct numerical simulations (DNS) of gravity-free turbulent channel flow laden with small inertial particles, with high particle-to-fluid density ratio and diameter of approximately three viscous units. The most dilute flow considered, solid volume fraction O(10(-5)), shows the particle feedback on the flow to be negligible, whereas differences with respect to the unladen case, notably a drag increase of approximately 10 %, are found for a volume fraction O(10(-4)). This is attributed to a dense layer of particles at the wall, caused by turbophoresis, flowing with large particle-to-fluid apparent slip velocity. The most dilute case is therefore taken as the benchmark for assessing the validity of a widely used point-particle model, where the particle dynamics results only from inertial and nonlinear drag forces. In the bulk of the channel, the first- and second-order moments of the particle velocity from the point-particle DNS agree well with those from the interface-resolved DNS. Close to the wall, however, most of the statistics show major qualitative differences. We show that this difference originates from the strong shear-induced lift force acting on the particles in the near-wall region. This mechanism is well captured by the lift force model due to Saffman (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 22 (2), 1965, pp. 385-400), while other widely used, more elaborate, approaches aiming at extending the lift model for a wider range of particle Reynolds numbers can actually underpredict the magnitude of the near-wall particle velocity fluctuations for the cases analysed here.

  • 85.
    Costa, Pedro
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. aculty of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Iceland, Hjardarhagi 2-6, 107 Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Phillips, Everett
    NVIDIA Corporation, Santa Clara CA 95050, United States of America.
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Tidigare Institutioner (före 2005), Mekanik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik.
    Fatica, Massimo
    NVIDIA Corporation, Santa Clara CA 95050, United States of America.
    GPU acceleration of CaNS for massively-parallel direct numerical simulations of canonical fluid flows2020Ingår i: Computers and Mathematics with ApplicationsArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents the GPU acceleration of the open-source code CaNS for very fast massively-parallel simulations of canonical fluid flows. The distinct feature of the many-CPU Navier–Stokes solver in CaNS is its fast direct solver for the second-order finite-difference Poisson equation, based on the method of eigenfunction expansions. The solver implements all the boundary conditions valid for this type of problems in a unified framework. Here, we extend the solver for GPU-accelerated clusters using CUDA Fortran. The porting makes extensive use of CUF kernels and has been greatly simplified by the unified memory feature of CUDA Fortran, which handles the data migration between host (CPU) and device (GPU) without defining new arrays in the source code. The overall implementation has been validated against benchmark data for turbulent channel flow and its performance assessed on a NVIDIA DGX-2 system (16 T V100 32Gb, connected with NVLink via NVSwitch). The wall-clock time per time step of the GPU-accelerated implementation is impressively small when compared to its CPU implementation on state-of-the-art many-CPU clusters, as long as the domain partitioning is sufficiently small that the data resides mostly on the GPUs. The implementation has been made freely available and open source under the terms of an MIT license.

  • 86.
    Costa, Pedro
    et al.
    Delft Univ Technol, Proc & Energy Dept Multiphase Syst, Leeghwaterstr 21, NL-2621 CA Delft, Netherlands..
    Picano, Francesco
    Univ Padua, Dept Ind Engn, Via Venezia 1, I-35131 Padua, Italy..
    Brandt, L.uca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Breugem, Wim-Paul
    Delft Univ Technol, Proc & Energy Dept Multiphase Syst, Leeghwaterstr 21, NL-2621 CA Delft, Netherlands..
    Effects of the finite particle size in turbulent wall-bounded flows of dense suspensions2018Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 843, s. 450-478Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We use interface-resolved numerical simulations to study finite-size effects in turbulent channel flow of neutrally buoyant spheres. Two cases with particle sizes differing by a factor of two, at the same solid volume fraction of 20% and bulk Reynolds number are considered. These are complemented with two reference single-phase flows: the unladen case, and the flow of a Newtonian fluid with the effective suspension viscosity of the same mixture in the laminar regime. As recently highlighted in Costa etal. (Phys. Rev. Lett., vol.117, 2016, 134501), a particle-wall layer is responsible for deviations of the mesoscale-averaged statistics from what is observed in the continuum limit where the suspension is modelled as a Newtonian fluid with (higher) effective viscosity. Here we investigate in detail the fluid and particle dynamics inside this layer and in the bulk. In the particle-wall layer, the near-wall inhomogeneity has an influence on the suspension microstructure over a distance proportional to the particle size. In this layer, particles have a significant (apparent) slip velocity that is reflected in the distribution of wall shear stresses. This is characterized by extreme events (both much higher and much lower than the mean). Based on these observations we provide a scaling for the particle-to-fluid apparent slip velocity as a function of the flow parameters. We also extend the scaling laws in Costa etal. (Phys. Rev. Lett., vol.117, 2016, 134501) to second-order Eulerian statistics in the homogeneous suspension region away from the wall. The results show that finite-size effects in the bulk of the channel become important for larger particles, while negligible for lower-order statistics and smaller particles. Finally, we study the particle dynamics along the wall-normal direction. Our results suggest that single-point dispersion is dominated by particle-turbulence (and not particle-particle) interactions, while differences in two-point dispersion and collisional dynamics are consistent with a picture of shear-driven interactions.

  • 87. Costa, Pedro
    et al.
    Picano, Francesco
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Breugem, Wim-Paul
    Universal Scaling Laws for Dense Particle Suspensions in Turbulent Wall-Bounded Flows2016Ingår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 117, nr 13, artikel-id 134501Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The macroscopic behavior of dense suspensions of neutrally buoyant spheres in turbulent plane channel flow is examined. We show that particles larger than the smallest turbulence scales cause the suspension to deviate from the continuum limit in which its dynamics is well described by an effective suspension viscosity. This deviation is caused by the formation of a particle layer close to the wall with significant slip velocity. By assuming two distinct transport mechanisms in the near-wall layer and the turbulence in the bulk, we define an effective wall location such that the flow in the bulk can still be accurately described by an effective suspension viscosity. We thus propose scaling laws for the mean velocity profile of the suspension flow, together with a master equation able to predict the increase in drag as a function of the particle size and volume fraction.

  • 88.
    Dadfar, Reza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Control of instabilities in an unswept wing boundary layer2018Ingår i: AIAA Journal, ISSN 0001-1452, E-ISSN 1533-385X, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 1750-1759Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Linear control theory is used to construct an output feedback controller to attenuate the amplitude of the Tollmien–Schlichting waves inside the boundary layer developing over an unswept wing. The analysis is based on direct numerical simulations. The studied scenario includes the impulse response of the system to a generic disturbance in the freestream, which triggers a Tollmien–Schlichting wave packet inside the boundary layer. The performance of a linear quadratic Gaussian controller is analyzed to suppress the amplitude of the Tollmien–Schlichting wave packet using a row of sensors and plasma actuators localized at the wall. The target of the controller is chosen as a subset of proper orthogonal decomposition modes describing the dynamics of the unstable disturbances. The plasma actuators are implemented as volume forcing. To account for the limitations of the plasma actuators concerning a unidirectional forcing, several strategies are implemented in the linear quadratic Gaussian framework. Their performances are compared with that for classical linear quadratic Gaussian controller. These controllers successfully reduced the amplitude of the wave packet.

  • 89. De Aguiar Quintanilha Junior, H. R.
    et al.
    Kataras, P. B.
    Theofilis, V.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, MWL Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet.
    Nonmodal stability analysis of the HIFiRE-5 elliptic cone model flow in different flight altitudes2018Ingår i: 58th Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences, IACAS 2018, Israel Annual Conference on Aerospace Sciences , 2018, s. 1543-1555Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonmodal instability analysis is carried out for a 2:1 elliptic cone with base flow conditions selected for a Ma=7 and two different ight altitudes, namely 33km and 21km with unit Reynolds number Re′ = 1.89 x 106 m-1 and Re′ = 1.015 x 107 m-1, respectively. The aim is to analyze the effects of transiently growing optimal disturbances and their possible relation to instability mechanisms that have been confirmed to exist in previous modal crossow. Local linear stability results obtained at several streamwise locations on the cone surface indicate that transient growth in the crossow region may be correlated to streamwise oriented structures having spanwise spacing of the same order of magnitude as which have long been known to exist in this flow.

  • 90.
    de la Rosa-Trevin, Jose Miguel
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Biochem & Biophys, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Viga, Pedro Alberto Hernandez
    UNEAC Manzanillo, Manzanillo, Cuba..
    Oton, Joaquin
    MRC, Lab Mol Biol, Cambridge, England..
    Lindahl, Erik
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Biofysik. Stockholm Univ, Dept Biochem & Biophys, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Development of basic building blocks for cryo-EM: the emcore and emvis software libraries2020Ingår i: Acta Crystallographica Section D Structural Biology, ISSN 2059-7983, Vol. 76, s. 350-356Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Image-processing software has always been an integral part of structure determination by cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM). Recent advances in hardware and software are recognized as one of the key factors in the so-called cryo-EM resolution revolution. Increasing computational power has opened many possibilities to consider more demanding algorithms, which in turn allow more complex biological problems to be tackled. Moreover, data processing has become more accessible to many experimental groups, with computations that used to last for many days at supercomputing facilities now being performed in hours on personal workstations. All of these advances, together with the rapid expansion of the community, continue to pose challenges and new demands on the software-development side. In this article, the development of emcore and emvis, two basic software libraries for image manipulation and data visualization in cryo-EM, is presented. The main goal is to provide basic functionality organized in modular components that other developers can reuse to implement new algorithms or build graphical applications. An additional aim is to showcase the importance of following established practices in software engineering, with the hope that this could be a first step towards a more standardized way of developing and distributing software in the field.

  • 91.
    De Vita, Francesco
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Rosti, Marco E.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. Okinawa Inst Sci & Technol Grad Univ, Complex Fluids & Flaws Unit, 1919-1 Tancha, Onna Son, Okinawa 9040495, Japan..
    Caserta, Sergio
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Chem Mat & Ind Prod Engn, Ple Tecchio 80, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Tidigare Institutioner (före 2005), Mekanik. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Numerical simulations of vorticity banding of emulsions in shear flows2020Ingår i: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 16, nr 11, s. 2854-2863Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Multiphase shear flows often show banded structures that affect the global behavior of complex fluids e.g. in microdevices. Here we investigate numerically the banding of emulsions, i.e. the formation of regions of high and low volume fractions, alternated in the vorticity direction and aligned with the flow (shear bands). These bands are associated with a decrease of the effective viscosity of the system. To understand the mechanism of experimentally observed banding, we have performed interface-resolved simulations of the two-fluid system. The experiments were performed starting with a random distribution of droplets, which under the applied shear, evolve in time resulting in a phase separation. To numerically reproduce this process, the banded structures are initialized in a narrow channel confined by two walls moving in opposite directions. We find that the initial banded distribution is stable when droplets are free to merge and unstable when coalescence is prevented. In this case, additionally, the effective viscosity of the system increases, resembling the rheological behavior of suspensions of deformable particles. Droplet coalescence, on the other hand, allows emulsions to reduce the total surface of the system and, hence, the energy dissipation associated with the deformation, which in turn reduces the effective viscosity.

  • 92.
    De Vita, Francesco
    et al.
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Rosti, Marco E.
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    Caserta, Sergio
    Univ Naples Federico II, Dept Chem Mat & Ind Prod Engn, Piazzale V Tecchio 80, I-80125 Naples, Italy..
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teknisk mekanik, Strömningsmekanik och Teknisk Akustik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
    On the effect of coalescence on the rheology of emulsions2019Ingår i: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 880, s. 969-991Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a numerical study of the rheology of a two-fluid emulsion in dilute and semidilute conditions. The analysis is performed for different capillary numbers, volume fractions and viscosity ratios under the assumption of negligible inertia and zero buoyancy force. The effective viscosity of the system increases for low values of the volume fraction and decreases for higher values, with a maximum for approximately 20% concentration of the disperse phase. When the dispersed fluid has lower viscosity, the normalised effective viscosity becomes smaller than 1 for high enough volume fractions. To single out the effect of droplet coalescence on the rheology of the emulsion we introduce an Eulerian force which prevents merging, effectively modelling the presence of surfactants in the system. When the coalescence is inhibited the effective viscosity is always greater than 1 and the curvature of the function representing the emulsion effective viscosity versus the volume fraction becomes positive, resembling the behaviour of suspensions of deformable particles. The reduction of the effective viscosity in the presence of coalescence is associated with the reduction of the total surface of the disperse phase when the droplets merge, which leads to a reduction of the interface tension contribution to the total shear stress. The probability density function of the flow topology parameter shows that the flow is mostly a shear flow in the matrix phase, with regions of extensional flow when the coalescence is prohibited. The flow in the disperse phase, instead, always shows rotational components. The first normal stress difference is positive, except for the smallest viscosity ratio considered, whereas the second normal difference is negative, with their ratio being constant with the volume fraction. Our results clearly show that the coalescence efficiency strongly affects the system rheology and that neglecting droplet merging can lead to erroneous predictions.

  • 93.
    De Vita, Francesco
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Rosti, Marco E.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Izbassarov, Daulet
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Duffo, L.
    Tammisola, Outi
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Hormozi, S.
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Elastoviscoplastic flows in porous media2018Ingår i: Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0377-0257, E-ISSN 1873-2631, Vol. 258, s. 10-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the elastoviscoplastic flow through porous media by numerical simulations. We solve the Navier–Stokes equations combined with the elastoviscoplastic model proposed by Saramito for the stress tensor evolution [1]. In this model, the material behaves as a viscoelastic solid when unyielded, and as a viscoelastic Oldroyd-B fluid for stresses higher than the yield stress. The porous media is made of a symmetric array of cylinders, and we solve the flow in one periodic cell. We find that the solution is time-dependent even at low Reynolds numbers as we observe oscillations in time of the unyielded region especially at high Bingham numbers. The volume of the unyielded region slightly decreases with the Reynolds number and strongly increases with the Bingham number; up to 70% of the total volume is unyielded for the highest Bingham numbers considered here. The flow is mainly shear dominated in the yielded region, while shear and elongational flow are equally distributed in the unyielded region. We compute the relation between the pressure drop and the flow rate in the porous medium and present an empirical closure as function of the Bingham and Reynolds numbers. The apparent permeability, normalized with the case of Newtonian fluids, is shown to be greater than 1 at low Bingham numbers, corresponding to lower pressure drops due to the flow elasticity, and smaller than 1 for high Bingham numbers, indicating larger dissipation in the flow owing to the presence of the yielded regions. Finally we investigate the effect of the Weissenberg number on the distribution of the unyielded regions and on the pressure gradient.

  • 94. Delczeg-Czirjak, E. K.
    et al.
    Pereiro, M.
    Bergqvist, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Kvashnin, Y. O.
    Di Marco, I
    Li, Guijiang
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap, Tillämpad materialfysik.
    Vitos, Levente
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap, Tillämpad materialfysik. Uppsala Univ, Div Mat Theory, Dept Phys & Astron, Sweden.
    Eriksson, O.
    Origin of the magnetostructural coupling in FeMnP0.75Si0.252014Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 90, nr 21, s. 214436-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The strong coupling between the crystal structure and magnetic state (ferromagnetic or helical antiferromagnetic) of FeMnP0.75Si0.25 is investigated using density functional theory in combination with atomistic spin dynamics. We find many competing energy minima for drastically different ferromagnetic and noncollinear magnetic configurations. We also find that the appearance of a helical spin-spiral magnetic structure at finite temperature is strongly related to one of the crystal structures reported for this material. Shorter Fe-Fe distances are found to lead to a destabilized ferromagnetic coupling, while out-of-plane Mn-Mn exchange interactions become negative with the shortening of the interatomic distances along the c axis, implying an antiferromagnetic coupling for the nearest-neighbor Mn-Mn interactions. The impact of the local dynamical correlations is also discussed.

  • 95. Di, Yana
    et al.
    Popovic, Jelena
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Numerisk analys, NA.
    Runborg, Olof
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Matematik (Inst.), Numerisk analys, NA. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    AN ADAPTIVE FAST INTERFACE TRACKING METHOD2015Ingår i: Journal of Computational Mathematics, ISSN 0254-9409, E-ISSN 1991-7139, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 576-586Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An adaptive numerical scheme is developed for the propagation of an interface in a velocity field based on the fast interface tracking method proposed in [2]. A multiresolution stategy to represent the interface instead of point values, allows local grid refinement while controlling the approximation error on the interface. For time integration, we use an explicit Runge-Kutta scheme of second-order with a multiscale time step, which takes longer time steps for finer spatial scales. The implementation of the algorithm uses a dynamic tree data structure to represent data in the computer memory. We briefly review first the main algorithm, describe the essential data structures, highlight the adaptive scheme, and illustrate the computational efficiency by some numerical examples.

  • 96.
    Duan, Sai
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Teoretisk kemi och biologi. Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei Natl Lab Phys Sci Microscale, Synerget Innovat Ctr Quantum Informat & Quantum P, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Rinkevicius, Zilvinas
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Teoretisk kemi och biologi. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. Kaunas Univ Technol, Dept Phys, LT-51368 Kaunas, Lithuania..
    Tian, Guangjun
    Yanshan Univ, Sch Sci, Key Lab Microstruct Mat Phys Hebei Prov, Qinhuangdao 066004, Hebei, Peoples R China..
    Luo, Yi
    Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei Natl Lab Phys Sci Microscale, Synerget Innovat Ctr Quantum Informat & Quantum P, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China..
    Optomagnetic Effect Induced by Magnetized Nanocavity Plasmon2019Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 141, nr 35, s. 13795-13798Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a new type of optomagnetic effect induced by a highly confined plasmonic field in a nanocavity. It is shown that a very large dynamic magnetic field can be generated as the result of the inhomogeneity of nanocavity plasmons, which can directly activate spin-forbidden transitions in molecules. The dynamic optomagnetic effects on optical transitions between states of different spin multiplicities are illustrated by first-principles calculations for C-60. Remarkably, the intensity of spin forbidden singlet-to-triplet transitions can even be stronger than that of singlet-to-singlet transitions when the spatial distribution of plasmon is comparable with the molecular size. This approach not only offers a powerful optomagnetic means to rationally fabricate molecular excited states with different multiplicities but also provides a groundbreaking concept of the light-matter interaction that could lead to the observation of new physical phenomena and the development of new techniques.

  • 97. Duguet, Yohann
    et al.
    Monokrousos, Antonios
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Brandt, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Henningson, Dan S.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Minimal transition thresholds in plane Couette flow2013Ingår i: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 25, nr 8, s. 084103-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Subcritical transition to turbulence requires finite-amplitude perturbations. Using a nonlinear optimisation technique in a periodic computational domain, we identify the perturbations of plane Couette flow transitioning with least initial kinetic energy for Re <= 3000. We suggest a new scaling law E-c = O(Re-2.7) for the energy threshold vs. the Reynolds number, in quantitative agreement with experimental estimates for pipe flow. The route to turbulence associated with such spatially localised perturbations is analysed in detail for Re = 1500. Several known mechanisms are found to occur one after the other: Orr mechanism, oblique wave interaction, lift-up, streak bending, streak breakdown, and spanwise spreading. The phenomenon of streak breakdown is analysed in terms of leading finite-time Lyapunov exponents of the associated edge trajectory.

  • 98. Durrenfeld, P.
    et al.
    Gerhard, F.
    Chico, J.
    Dumas, R. K.
    Ranjbar, M.
    Bergman, A.
    Bergqvist, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Delin, Anna
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Gould, C.
    Molenkamp, L. W.
    Åkerman, Johan
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Material- och nanofysik, Materialfysik, MF. University of Gothenburg, Sweden; NanOsc AB, Sweden.
    Tunable damping, saturation magnetization, and exchange stiffness of half-Heusler NiMnSb thin films2015Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 92, nr 21, artikel-id 214424Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The half-metallic half-Heusler alloy NiMnSb is a promising candidate for applications in spintronic devices due to its low magnetic damping and its rich anisotropies. Here we use ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements and calculations from first principles to investigate how the composition of the epitaxially grown NiMnSb influences the magnetodynamic properties of saturation magnetization M-S, Gilbert damping alpha, and exchange stiffness A. M-S and A are shown to have a maximum for stoichiometric composition, while the Gilbert damping is minimum. We find excellent quantitative agreement between theory and experiment for M-S and alpha. The calculated A shows the same trend as the experimental data but has a larger magnitude. In addition to the unique in-plane anisotropy of the material, these tunabilities of the magnetodynamic properties can be taken advantage of when employing NiMnSb films in magnonic devices.

  • 99. Dörr, P. C.
    et al.
    Kloker, M. J.
    Hanifi, Ardeshir
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Effect of upstream flow deformation using plasma actuators on crossflow transition induced by unsteady vortical free-stream disturbances2017Ingår i: 47th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, 2017, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Upstream flow deformation (UFD) has been shown to be an effective technique to delay roughness induced laminar-turbulent transition at low free-stream turbulence level in three-dimensional boundary-layer flows. Beneficial steady crossflow vortex (CFV) control modes are excited and the resulting nonlinear CFVs induce a useful mean-flow distortion. We recently showed by direct numerical simulations that plasma actuators, modeled by localized steady volume forcing, can be employed to excite the UFD control modes. In the current work we investigate the same actuator set-ups to control transition caused by traveling CFVs that are excited by single unsteady vortical free-stream disturbances (FSDs) impinging on the boundary layer. FSDs of various wavenumbers and frequencies are imposed either upstream or downstream, or at the position of the actuators to also scrutinize if the volume forcing has a direct unfavorable effect on the receptivity to the FSDs that adds to the stabilization by the UFD. For all investigated cases we show that a significant transition delay is achieved.

  • 100.
    Eitel-Amor, Georg
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Örlü, Ramis
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Strömningsfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Schlatter, Philipp
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik, Stabilitet, Transition, Kontroll. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centra, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Simulation and validation of a spatially evolving turbulent boundary layer up to Reθ = 83002014Ingår i: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0142-727X, E-ISSN 1879-2278, Vol. 47, s. 57-69Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Results of a finely resolved large-eddy simulation (LES) of a spatially developing zero-pressure-gradient turbulent boundary layer up to a Reynolds number of Reθ = 8300 are presented. The very long computational domain provides substantial assessment for suggested high Reynolds number (Re) trends. Statistics, integral quantities and spectral data are validated using high quality direct numerical simulation (DNS) ranging up to Reθ = 4300 and hot-wire measurements covering the remaining Re-range. The mean velocity, turbulent fluctuations, skin friction, and shape factor show excellent agreement with the reference data. Through utilisation of filtered DNS, subtle differences between the LES and DNS could to a large extent be explained by the reduced spanwise resolution of the LES. Spectra and correlations for the streamwise velocity and the wall-shear stress evidence a clear scale-separation and a footprint of large outer scales on the near-wall small scales. While the inner peak decreases in importance and reduces to 4% of the total energy at the end of the domain, the energy of the outer peak scales in outer units. In the near-wall region a clear k - 1 region emerges. Consideration of the two-dimensional spectra in time and spanwise space reveals that an outer time scale λt ≈ 10δ99 / U∞, with the boundary layer thickness δ99 and free-stream velocity U∞, is the correct scale throughout the boundary layer rather than the transformed streamwise wavelength multiplied by a (scale independent) convection velocity. Maps for the covariance of small scale energy and large scale motions exhibit a stronger linear Re dependence for the amplitude of the off-diagonal peak compared to the diagonal one, thereby indicating that the strength of the amplitude modulation can only qualitatively be assessed through the diagonal peak. In addition, the magnitude of the wall-pressure fluctuations confirms mixed scaling, and pressure spectra at the highest Re give a first indication of a -7/3 wave number dependence. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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