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  • 51.
    Rose, Linda M.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi (Stängd 20130701).
    Risk management project for work with precast concrete shells2012Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 4157-4162Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a project with the aim of reducing the risk of injury when using precast concrete shells in the Swedish construction industry by identifying injury risks, developing and implementing solutions. An interactive research approach was used. Three major injury risks were identified and a system consisting of three tools and a handbook was developed, evaluated, and implemented at one company and made available to the construction industry.

  • 52.
    Rose, Linda M.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Seminar on the RAMP tool2017Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 53.
    Rose, Linda M
    ERAK, Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Utveckling av rationella och riskminskande metoder vid användning av prefabricerade skalelement – skalmursvägg och plattbärlag: Etapp 2: Slutrapport2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta projekt har drivits av APJ Betong & Anläggningsteknik AB, APJ Prefil AB och ERAK. Det har finansierats av Svenska byggbranschens Utvecklingsfond, SBUF, APJ och ERAK.

    Syftet har varit att utveckla rationella och riskminskande metoder då skalmursväggar och plattbärlag används. För att kunna minska personskaderiskerna måste riskerna först identifieras och alternativa lösningar tas fram. Målet har varit att finna och implementera lösningar på tre olika problem:

    • Minska risken för fallskador
    • Minska klämrisker vid utplacering och montering av skalelementen
    • Minska risken att skadas vid stegarbete samt effektivisera utformning av hörn och väggskarvar

    I Etapp 1 utarbetades lösningsförslag. I den nu genomförda Etapp 2 har målet varit att utveckla, testa och utvärdera lösningar på de tre ovan nämnda problemen och implementera lösningarna på marknaden.

    För att minska risken för fallskador har en lättmonterad och säker arbetsplattform med fallskydd utvecklats. Den bygger på Combisafe’s fallskyddssystem som kan användas vid skalväggskonstruktioner tack vare den nyutvecklade APJ-bygeln. Denna kommer troligen att ingå i Combisafe’s produktsortiment.

    För att minska klämriskerna har ett lätt flyttbart monteringshandtag, Conny-handtaget, som fästs på skalelementen under monteringen utvecklats. Det används istället för att med handen greppa tag i elementens kanter eller i armering som sticker ut ur elementen. Det kommer att skickas med vid elementleveranserna från APJ Prefil AB. Andra betongfabriker kan inledningsvis köpa det via APJ Betong & Anläggningsteknik.

    För att effektivisera utformningen av hörn och väggskarvar har en hängstege som hängs på skalväggskanten utvecklats. Det medför att riskerna att stegen glider iväg under arbetet minskar. Hängstegen kan användas även till andra arbetsmoment. Inledningsvis kommer även den att säljas av APJ Betong & Anläggningsteknik. Diskussioner med några tillverkare och återförsäljare pågår.

    För att informera om riskerna och hur man bör arbeta med prefabelement har därför även en handbok utvecklats. Den är tänkt att användas som utbildningsmaterial så att alla som arbetar med skalelement kan få adekvat kunskap om riskerna och hur man kan undvika dem. Den sprids bl.a. genom att sändas med vid skalelementleveranserna och via APJ Betong & Anläggningsteknik’s hemsida.

    Utvärderingen av de tre produkterna hittills bedöms medföra minskade personskade-risker, lika bra eller bättre kvalitet på utfört arbete samt vara ekonomiskt fördelaktiga.

    I projektet har några allvarliga personskaderisker identifierats, alternativa arbetsmeto-der baserade på tre nya produkter utvecklats och en handbok som beskriver hur man bör arbeta med skalelement tagits fram.

    Samtliga tre produkter implementeras på marknaden och handboken sprids genom olika kanaler. Resultatet kommer hela branschen till godo.

  • 54.
    Rose, Linda M.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Work Environment in the Cabin: The Ergonomics of Front-End Loaders, Diggers and Dumpsters2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this project has been to analyse the work environment of earth moving machinery operators and suggest improvements. Interviews with operators and contractors; assessments of personal injury risks and costs to the companies and suggestions for improvements based on literature, statistics and interviews have been carried out. The results show that the work environment is strenuous. Overexertion injuries and falling are the most common injuries. The cost of injuries at one company was estimated at approximately 1/3 of the company profit. Risk reducing measures are suggested and discussed. For the analysed company the costs are reduced from 1/3 to 1/8 of the company profit after pay-off time of investments. It is concluded that the operators have a strenuous work environment and that the injuries are expensive, but possible to reduce.

  • 55.
    Rose, Linda M
    ERAK, Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Work with press jointing machines for pipeworking: an ergonomic analysis2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A survey of press jointing machines for pipe working used on the Swedish market has been made together with an evaluation of the working environment when using them. Work site analyses with subjective and objective methods were carried out. The results show that many work tasks are inappropriate regarding ergonomics. One important reason is that work is carried out at poor postures above shoulder level. It is concluded that work with press jointing machines for pipe work in ceilings is ergonomically unsuitable. However, the existing alternative methods also lead to high strains, mainly since the postures are similar.

  • 56.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    The RAMP Tool for Risk Management in Manual Handling: A Seven Year R&D Project2017Ingår i: NES2017 Conference Proceedings:: JOY AT WORK / [ed] Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mikael Blomé, Hajnalka Bodnar, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose

    In 2010 a research and development (R&D) project started after an initiative from a large global company. They needed a free, systematic musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk assessment and management tool, focused on manual handling. The development of the RAMP tool (Risk Assessment and Management tool for Manual Handling – Proactively) was therefore initiated, and the progress has since then been presented at several NES-conferences. The objective of this paper is to present the result of this 7 year R&D project: the digitalized RAMP tool and  courses on the tool.

     

    Methodology

    A participative methodology in close co-operation between researchers and practitioners at companies has been used. The participating companies and the methodology, including the base for the development, ranging from scientific papers to user feedback, and evaluations will be described at NES 2017.

     

    Results

    The R&D project has resulted in the freely accessible RAMP tool consisting of four parts: RAMP I, RAMP II, the Action module and the Results module. A broad range of MSD risks are assessed, the results from assessments are visualized in a novel way and risk reducing actions for risk management are supported. The digitalised version has recently been released. Further, three massive open online courses (MOOCs) for professionals on the RAMP tool are under development, and will also be presented.

     

    Discussion

    The discussion focuses on the need of and dissemination of freely accessible methods such as RAMP, and how to enable users to acquire sufficient knowledge to use them. 

     

    Conclusions

    In conclusion: The project has resulted in a new tool for MSD risk management in manual handling jobs, the RAMP tool. Evaluations of the tool show that it is regarded as usable from different usability aspects. It is argued that the upcoming online MOCCs may contribute to provide adequate knowledge for proper use of the tool.

     

    Keywords. musculoskeletal disorders, risk assessment, risk reducing measures, risk communication, digital tool.

  • 57.
    Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Workshop: learn how to use the ramp tool for risk assessment and risk management of msd risks in manual handling2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Manual handling work is regarded as one of the main causes to increased risks of developing Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Several MSD risk assessment tools have been developed, but have been found to have insufficiencies for managing MSD risks in manual handling. The RAMP tool (Risk Assessment and Management tool for Manual Handling – Proactively), was developed to support the whole process of risk management of MSD risks in manual handling: from identification and assessment of risks to developing risk reducing suggestions and systematic risk management.

     

    What will you learn?

    In this workshop you will learn how to use the RAMP tool by participating in applying the tool on an example.

     

    RAMP consists of four parts:

    -        The checklist based RAMP I for screening of MSD risks in manual handling,

    -        RAMP II for a more in depth analysis of such risks,

    -        The Action module to support development of risk reducing measures and support systematic risk management, and

    -        The Results module, for communicating the results. It enables presentation of the results at different level of detail and scope, ranging from a work station to the whole company.

     

    In the workshop you will get experience from using the four parts of the RAMP tool, based on a film-based example. Bring your laptop to download and use the RAMP tool on your computer!

  • 58.
    Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Barman, Linda
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE).
    RAMP -  A new tool for MSD risk management in manualhandling2017Ingår i: Conference Proceedings 48th Annual Conference of the Association of Canadian Ergonomists  & 12th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management "Organizing for High Performance ": Organizing for High Performance, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summative Statement: In this conference contribution RAMP (Risk Assessment and Management tool for Manual Handling - Proactively) will be presented. It is developed for managing MSD risks in manual handling jobs. The presentation will include a demonstration of the digitalised tool and information about upcoming Massive Open Online Courses about it.

    Problem statement: Manual handling work is regarded as one of the main causes to increased risks of developing Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Several MSD risk assessment tools have been developed, but have been found to have insufficiencies in managing MSD risks in manual handling. The insufficiencies include that tools only assess certain body parts or certain types of work, are not freely accessible, assess exposure but not risks, and don´t support the whole risk management process. In 2009 there was a call from a global company, which had identified a need for a scientifically based, freely accessible, risk assessment and risk management tool. The tool should support systematic risk management of MSD risks in manual handling jobs and be able to be used by companies themselves. To meet this call the development of the RAMP tool (Risk Assessment and Management tool for Manual Handling – Proactively) was started. It has been developed in a research and development (R&D) project in close co-operation between researchers and practitioners at companies.

    Research Objective: The objective of this conference contribution is to present the results of a seven year long R&D project: to describe the RAMP tool and its development, present the digitalised version, share some experiences from its use, and inform about upcoming RAMP Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), aimed at educating and training users in the RAMP tool.

    Methodology: RAMP is scientifically based and was developed with a participative R&D methodology. The participating organisations as well as the methodology, including the base for the development, ranging from scientific publications and legislation to user testing and feed-back, will be described in the presentation.

    Results: The RAMP tool consists of four parts: RAMP I, RAMP II, The Results module and the Action module. At the conference, these will be presented and the digitalised version of RAMP will be demonstrated. In addition, information about three Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) about the RAMP tool which are being developed will be presented and user experiences from applying RAMP will be shared. In addition to the oral presentation a workshop on RAMP is planned to be held at the conference.

    Discussion: The discussion focuses on how methods like RAMP, which are freely accessible, can be spread after the R&D project is finished. Another question is how to secure updates in the future for methods which do not bring any profit for the developers/owners.

    Conclusions: It is concluded that RAMP, a scientifically based new tool for risk management of MSD risks in manual handling, is freely available via KTH’s homepage and that a MOOC-package for disseminating knowledge and training on how to use the tool will be accessible from the autumn 2017.

  • 59.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Jonsson, Christina
    On the IEA Strategy: Mapping HFE Performance Knowledge2014Ingår i: Proceedings 11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organistional Design and management. 46th Annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference. Volume 1 / [ed] Broberg, O, Fallentin, N, Hasle, P, Jensen, P L, Kabel, A, Larsen, M E, Weller, T, 2014, s. 273-274Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to support the implementation of the IEA strategy of Human Factors/Ergonomics (HFE) the objective of this pilot-project is to map the current awareness, knowledge and strategies regarding how HFE can be used in optimizing system performance and how and to what extent such strategies are applied in organisations today. The methodology used is that each board member of the Nordic Ergonomics Society´s national boards has a talk with a key stakeholder, using a semi-structured question area guide during the spring 2014. The gist of the results from each talk regarding four core areas will be summarised and analysed and will be presented at the ODAM-NES 2014 conference.

  • 60.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Användarmanual för riskhanteringsverktyget RAMP©   – Risk Assessment and Management tool for manual handling Proactively –2017Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 61.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    User Manual for the Risk Management Tool RAMP©   – Risk Assessment and Management tool for manual handling Proactively –2017Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 62.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Mikaelsson, Lars-Åke
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Arbetsskador2008Ingår i: Arbete och teknik på människans villkor / [ed] Bohgard, M., Karlsson, S., Lovén, E., Mikaelsson, L.-Å., Mårtensson, L., Osvalder, A.-L., Rose, L., & Ulfvengren, P, Stockholm: Prevent , 2008, 1:1, s. 613-634Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 63.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Mikaelsson, Lars-Åke
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Occupational injuries2009Ingår i: Work and technology on human terms / [ed] Bohgard, M., Karlsson, S., Lovén, E., Mikaelsson, L.-Å., Mårtensson, L., Osvalder, A.-L., Rose, L., & Ulfvengren,, Stockholm: Prevent , 2009, 1:1, s. 609-632Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 64.
    Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Neumann, W Patrick
    Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada.
    Designing Jobs in Manufacturing: Rest Allowances2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of work along a conventional production line layout has called for the consideration of both human (e.g., rest breaks, work pace) and technical factors, striving for the optimization of ergonomics and production. Linda Rose and Patrick Neumann discuss these issues in relation to muscle fatigue.

  • 65.
    Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Neumann, W Patrick
    Ryerson Univeristy, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering .
    Human Factors and the Bottom Line: Quantifying the Benefits of Healthy Workplaces2009Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 66.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Neumann, W. Patrick
    Ryerson University.
    Workshop: Human Factors And The Bottom Line – Quantifying The Benefits Of Healthy Workplaces2014Ingår i: 11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management (ODAM 2014)and 46th Annual Nordic Ergonomics Society, Technical University of Denmark / [ed] Broberg, O et al., 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the workshop

    The workshop gives opportunities to learn about how to banish the phantom of unexpected costs and poor operating performance that comes from ergonomics / Human Factors problems in the workplace. The objectives are to foster a broad discussion on the economics of ergonomics including aspects such as 1) How Human Factors can affect company’s bottom line , 2) Why companies underestimate Ergonomics/Human Factors costs and benefits, 3) What economic assessment tools and approaches can be used to help companies realise the financial benefits of good working environments.

     

    The format of the workshop

    Participants are invited to join this interactive workshop on quantifying the financial costs and benefits of workplace improvements. The workshop will take an interactive approach. First the hosts will share their experiences, and will be examining a range of economic assessment techniques and discuss case studies in from both Swedish and Canadian industry, of how attending the human factors and ergonomics can improve a company’s productivity and quality performance. Thereafter an open plenary discussion will follow.

    Work environment effects are often difficult to assess, especially since many of them are hidden. Moreover, the economic impact of these hidden effects is often many times larger than that from visible effects, such as costs from absenteeism. Hidden effects often play a larger role on business parameters than visible ones do. Without adequate measurement or assessment tools, hidden effects remain obscured. As a result, they may be overlooked, which can have significant business consequences, particularly when making investment decisions related to work environment issues. Ergonomics/Human Factors gains from quality and productivity are usually much greater than for reduced compensation costs. Companies that underestimate the financial impact of human aspects of their systems can find their anticipated profits vanish – so called ‘phantom profits’.

     

  • 67.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Neumann, W. Patrick
    Hägg, Göran M.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Kentta, Göran
    Fatigue and recovery during and after static loading2014Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 57, nr 11, s. 1696-1710Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Subjectively assessed endurance time (ET), resumption time (RT) and perceived discomfort, pain or fatigue (PD), and objectively measured maximum force-exerting capacity were investigated for varying loads and durations of a pushing task with two repeated trials. Beyond the main results quantifying how the load scenario affected ET, RT and PD, three additional results are of note: (1) although the maximum pushing force did not change between trials, shorter ET, longer RT and higher PD indicated accumulation of fatigue in Trial 2; (2) the PD ratings showed a trend with a linear increase during loading and a curvilinear decrease during recovery; and (3) the RT and the load level for different relative loading times were found to have an unexpected U-shaped relationship, indicating lowest fatigue at the intermediate load level. These results can be used to model a more sustainable and productive work-recovery ratio.

  • 68.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    ERAK, Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Nilsson, Birgitta
    Packforsk.
    Lörnbo, Monica
    Prevent.
    Improved Work Environment for Earth Moving Machinery Operators2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this project has been to map the work environment of earth moving machinery operators and suggest improvements. Interviews with operators and contractors; assessments of personal injury risks and costs to the companies and suggestions for improvements based on literature, statistics and interviews have been carried out The results show that the work environment is strenuous. Overexertion injuries and falling are the most common injuries. The cost of injuries is estimated at approximately 1/3 of the company profit. Risk reducing measures are suggested and discussed. It is concluded that the operators have a strenuous work environment and that the injuries are expensive, but possible to reduce.

  • 69.
    Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    ERAK, Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Orrenius, Ulf E
    ERAK, Ergonomi och Akustik HB.
    Beräkning av arbetsmiljöns ekonomiska effekter på företag och organisationer: En översikt av ett urval modeller och metoder2007Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dålig arbetsmiljö medför negativa effekter för individen, företaget och samhället. Det är väl känt att brister i arbetsmiljön påverkar hälsan negativt. Däremot är sambanden mellan arbetsmiljö och ekonomin i ett företag eller organisation mindre kända. Metoder för att koppla arbetsmiljö och ekonomi i företag har utvecklats och används som verktyg vid till exempel investeringsanalyser i samband med förbättringar av arbetsmiljön, men på många håll saknas det kunskaper om att sådana metoder existerar och hur de kan användas. Målet med denna översikt har varit att sammanställa information om metoder som kan användas för att bedöma arbetsmiljöns ekonomiska effekter på företag och organisationer. Utan att vara heltäckande har studien visat att det finns ett flertal metoder som kan användas för sådana bedömningar. De olika metoderna täcker olika behov och kan därför användas för olika ändamål.

    Ett urval av tio befintliga metoder har sammanställts och utvärderats med utgångspunkt i specifika frågeställningar. De metoder som sammanställts kan delas in i tre kategorier:

    i) metoder där riskanalyser samt beräkning av arbetsmiljöriskernas ekonomiska effekter ingår;

    ii); metoder för utarbetande och bedömning av åtgärdsförslag i kombination med investeringskalkyler och

    iii) rena investeringskalkylmetoder.

    Ett par metoder i sammanställningen faller utanför grupperingen. Vissa metoder har utvecklats eller anpassats för svenska förhållanden medan andra är mer generella. I rapporten diskuteras metodernas olika användningsområden, osäkerheter vid modellering och vid framtagning av indata. Dessutom ges rekommendationer för metodutveckling. En slutsats är att användandet av de befintliga metoderna skulle kunna stimuleras av mer detaljerad vägledning, speciellt för uppskattning av kostnader kopplade till produktivitet och kvalitet, samt exempelbanker med tillämpningar från olika typer av arbetssituationer och branscher. Därutöver bedöms utvecklingsbehovet främst vara modellering av samband mellan arbetsmiljöförhållanden och de faktorer som är starkt kopplade till ett företags resultat, såsom produktivitet och kvalitet.

  • 70.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Orrenius, Ulf E
    ERAK, Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Calculation of the economic effects of working environment at companies and organisations: A survey of existing methods2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Methods to assess economic effects related to the work environment at companies and organizations are summarized and evaluated. Information was found in the open literature and by discussions with developers, researchers and end-users. The results show that several methods exist and an overview is presented here. Effects of uncertainties in the input data and the underlying assumptions are discussed. It is concluded that the application of the methods available would be stimulated by improved guidelines and by making a collection of case studies available in the public domain. Recommendations for future methodology development work are also given.

  • 71.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi (Stängd 20130701).
    Orrenius, Ulf E.
    ERAK Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Neumann, W. Patrick
    Ryerson University, Canada .
    Work Environment and the Bottom Line: Survey of Tools Relating Work Environment to Business Results2013Ingår i: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 368-381Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Insufficient knowledge of how the working environment (WE) impacts company performance leads to a poor basis for managerial decision making. The objective of this study was to survey and evaluate available tools relating WE to business results. Nine tools were identified and qualitatively evaluated using 11 criteria. The tools were clustered into three categories, ranging from analysis of WE risks as well as calculation of their economic impact to solely investment analysis. Shortcomings in the tools include insufficient attention to quality and productivity issues and insufficient guidance for users. Although further methodological development is indicated, researchers should also attend to the factors affecting tool uptake and application as well as the potential to integrate such analysis into companies' regular accounting systems.

  • 72.
    Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    ERAK, Ergonomi & Akustik HB.
    Rosenquist, Johan
    YOYO Technologies.
    Ergonomic Evaluation of Utility Trucks with Yoyo Wheel Suspension2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often difficult to force obstacles with utility trucks. To facilitate this Yo-yo trucks have been developed and ergonomically evaluated. Three types of Yoyo utility trucks were compared with traditional ones. Subjective assessments, force measurements and photo documentation were used. The results show that the Yoyo trucks are experienced as easier to cross obstacles; lead to fewer jerks and are less strenuous. Further, the risks for sudden stops and dropping of the load decrease. The force to cross obstacles with the traditional trucks is between 34-142 % higher and significantly higher in all but one case. The conclusions are that Yoyo trucks are ergonomically advantageous, can be developed further and used in other applications.

  • 73.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Samuelsson, Lars
    Scania.
    RAMP - Ett verktyg för hantering av belastningsergonomiska risker vid manuell hantering2017Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 74.
    Rose, Linda Maria
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Ergonomi.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Ergonomi.
    Nord Nilsson, Lena
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Ergonomi. Unit of Safety and Health, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    RAMP – A comprehensive MSD risk management tool2019Ingår i: 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018, Springer, 2019, Vol. 820, s. 537-546Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to describe the development, dissemination and preliminary effects of the use of a new musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk management tool for manual handling, RAMP (Risk Assessment and Management tool for manual handling Proactively). RAMP is research based and developed in close collaboration between researchers and practitioners with a participative iterative methodology. A broad strategy is used for the dissemination, including the use of professional networks, conferences, a specially developed homepage, and Massive Open Online Courses which also provide training on the tool use. The tool has been spread widely to about 45 countries since the release 2017. E.g. Scania CV uses RAMP as its global standard method for managing MSD risks at logistics and machining departments. Among the preliminary effects results show that at one department risk reduction measures had been taken for more than 2/3 of the work stations with assessments signalling elevated risk levels after 1.5 years. Further studies on RAMP are discussed. It is concluded that the development and the dissemination of RAMP can be seen as successful. Preliminary reports on the tool use effects indicate that the RAMP tool supports the MSD risk management process in the work to reduce MDS risks at workplaces.

  • 75.
    Rose, Linda Maria
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Ergonomi.
    Österman, Cecilia
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Ergonomi.
    Developing an International Master’s Programme in Ergonomics at a Technical University in Sweden2019Ingår i: 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018, Springer, 2019, Vol. 821, s. 429-436Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to present the rationale for, and the development process of, a new international master’s programme in Ergonomics, here framed as ‘Technology, Work and Health’, at KTH, Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The masters’ programme is designed for two years of full-time studies (120 credits). A challenge during this development process, has been to decide not only what to include in the programme, but also what to exclude. The systems-oriented discipline of ergonomics now covers all aspects of human work. Thus, two tracks of specialization are offered: Work Environment Engineering (WEE) and Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE). The programme is given for the first time in the autumn 2018. After the first year it is necessary to evaluate the programme from student and teacher perspectives, to capture effects and improvement possibilities. Naturally, this evaluation includes the usual course evaluations that are done during and after each course. But also, from a recruiting perspective, when we now how many students, from where, and of which background that eventually were awarded a MSc degree. Finally, a programme review with an emphasis on outcomes is essential to establish that the programme meets academic standards, professional discipline expectations among employers of the graduates, and student expectations and satisfaction. The results from this review will provide the incentive for necessary major and minor changes to maintain an up-to-date and high-quality curriculum in a discipline that continues to evolve.

  • 76. Rose, Linda
    et al.
    Ortengren, R
    Ericson, Mats
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi.
    Endurance, pain and resumption in fully flexed postures.2001Ingår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 32, nr 5, s. 501-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study effects of low loads in fully flexed postures were investigated. Thirteen men who were unused to the postures participated. Thirteen professional construction workers with long experience of suchlike postures were also studied. Pain reactions during and after loading were observed, as well as endurance time and the recovery process, here by studying the resumption time. Endurance and resumption times differed little from those given by models used for more common postures. Pain from the legs and not from the back limited the working ability in 86% of the endurance tests. Thirdly, the construction workers had significantly longer endurance time and shorter resumption time.

  • 77.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Kalmar Maritime Academy, Linnaeus University.
    Rose, Linda M
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Ergonomi.
    Assessing financial impact of maritime ergonomics on company level: a case study2015Ingår i: Maritime Policy & Management, ISSN 0308-8839, E-ISSN 1464-5254, Vol. 42, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper reports a case study examining a conceptual framework for assessing financial impact of occupational maritime ergonomics in a Swedish shipping company. Specifically, the aim was to study the availability and applicability of suggested determinants for operational performance, routines for estimating the effects of ergonomics and the customer’s (sea transport buyer’s) demands for ergonomics management on the case company. The results show that the determinants and subcategories for operational performance in terms of productivity, efficiency and quality are present and applicable, albeit not measured to any large extent. No routines or specific methods for measuring or estimating cost and effects of ergonomics investments, accidents and operational disturbances were found. Further, the results show that the sea transport buyers increasingly express interest for and place demands related to maritime ergonomics, for instance, through compliance of specific standards and guiding principles linked to maritime ergonomics. It is concluded that in order to support and enable managers’ ability to make well-informed decisions and prioritizations, between investments, ergonomic or other, increased knowledge is needed of the financial effects of ergonomics on company core value processes. There is also a need to develop and implement usable tools to simplify these measuring procedures.

  • 78.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Chalmers ChalmersUniversity of Technology,Shipping and Marine Technology,.
    Rose, Linda M
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Ergonomi (Stängd 20130701).
    Osvalder, Anna-Lisa
    Chalmers University of Technology, Product and Production Development.
    Exploring Maritime Ergonomics from a Bottom Line Perspective2010Ingår i: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 153-168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper reports a study composed of three research activities exploring the economics of ergonomics in a shipping context. First, a literature study aimed to review previous studies on the economics of ergonomics in general and within the maritime domain in particular; and moreover, to ascertain the key ergonomic factors addressed in contemporary maritime ergonomic research. Second, the concept of ergonomics was probed from a stakeholder perspective through nine semi-structured qualitative  interviews. Third, structured interviews were held with representatives of ten Swedish shipping companies to investigate if the shipowners are aware of and calculate the economic effects of ergonomics. The results show that severalmodels and methods have been developed to estimate costs and benefits of ergonomics in other industries, but no studies were found from the shipping industry.Whether these methods can be readily adapted to the shipping industry has to be investigated further. While contemporary maritime ergonomic literature showed a focus on physical ergonomic and health and safety issues, the results of the stakeholder interviews indicated a focus on organizational ergonomics. The Swedish shipowners calculate the costs of sick-leave, but do not estimate the economic effects of ergonomics on a regular basis.

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