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  • 901. Watt, Cameron
    et al.
    Ind, Nicola
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Sherry-Watt, Paula
    Challenge of change in the public sector: Living the brand, innovation diffusion and the NHS2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the 6th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 902.
    Werding, Jan
    KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth.
    Revenue requirements for mobile operators with ultra-high mobile broadband data traffic growth2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile broadband data access over cellular networks has been established as a major new service in just a few years. The mobile broadband penetration has risen to 10 to 15 per cent in Western European leading markets from 2007 to the end of 2009. More than 75% of network traffic was broadband data in 2009, and the data volumes are growing rapidly. But the revenue generation is the reverse as the average for operators in Europe in 2009 was around 77 per cent from voice, 10 per cent from SMS and 13 per cent from other data.

    Voice and broadband data service are built on two quite different business models. Voice pricing is volume based. Revenue depends linearly on the number of voice minutes. Broadband data service on the other hand is mainly flat fee based even if different levels are being introduced as well as tiers. Revenue is decoupled from traffic and therefore also from operating costs and investment requirements. This is what we define as a revenue gap. Earnings as well as internal financing will suffer from increasing traffic per user unless the flat fee can be raised or changed to volume based, other revenue can be obtained and/or operating costs and investments can be reduced accordingly.

    Observable trends and common forecasts indicate strong growth of mobile broadband traffic as well as declining revenue from mobile voice in the next five year period. This outlook suggests a prospective revenue gap with weak top-line growth and expanding operating costs and investment requirements. This is not only a profitability and cash flow issue. It may also severely restrict the industry’s revenue and profit growth potential if it is handled mainly by cost-cutting.

  • 903.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Byggnadsutformning och förvaltningsekonomi: fallstudier i 20 bostadsfastigheter i Stockholm1996Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 904.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Kvalitetsutveckling i boendet-Värdeskapande processer, Rapport från tre fallstudier : Rissne i Sundbyberg, Berga i Linköping och Gottsunda i Uppsala2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The research on housing quality is comprehensive and broad. Residents’ evaluation of quality is studied within a variety of disciplines. There is a fairly good knowledge on a general level regarding people’s values of housing quality. Safety and security, social relations to neigh-bours, the area’s reputation as well as the design of local environment and dwelling units have been shown to be important aspects of housing quality.

    The overall picture of how to strike the balance between certain levels of quality against input of resources from the housing management is not studied to the same extent. Different actors within housing management may have differing and even conflicting views of quality and efficiency. Short-term economical judgements can increase the risk of sub-optimisations.

    Substantial evidence shows that social capital is critical for increasing security and wellbeing in residential areas. The hypothesis is that the creation of social capital within a housing neighbourhood will raise housing quality and facilitate management.

    The purpose of this study was to analyse the creation of social capital in a housing neighbourhood context, to make the concept applicable in housing management. A complementary aim was to develop indicators for social capital in housing areas, useful for evaluating the effects of different measures. To find out new methods for the development of housing quality, the study applied case studies of housing management, for evaluation of quality efforts. A multi-disciplinary framework was adopted. Theories of social capital and models for value creation processes are the key concept in the project.

    The core of value creation processes is to produce more value at a given input of resources. The basic idea is that value can be created through the supply of goods or services in new ways or in a new form. The customer / consumer is part of the process and will, through this participation, experience a higher quality (Cars, Healey, Madanipour, Magalhães, 2002).

    Several theorists in sociology, for example Bourdieu and Coleman, have interpreted social capital. The starting point for this project is primarily the concept as coined by Robert Putnam: ”Social capital here refers to features of social organization, such as trust, norms, and networks, that can improve the efficiency of society by facilitating coordinated actions.” (Putnam, 1993, p. 167). Social capital is seen a common utility, a form of capital that is not owned by individuals, but is created and growing in interpersonal relations, for example among neighbours in a residential area. Putnam (2000) and Lin (2001) discuss the epithets 'bonding' and 'bridging' in connection with SC. Bonding SC tends to exclude other individuals or groups, while the group that possesses the bonding capital benefits from it. Bridging SC will increase trust in other groups and structures in society and contribute to the identification and mutual cooperation with others. In residential areas SC can be a great asset, but the balance between bonding and bridging SC is critical.

    The study objects were management projects in a number of public housing companies. The criteria for selection of projects for the study were that their purpose should be to improve housing quality and / or trust and norms between companies and residents. There should be enough of accessible information on the measures taken and the projects should be fairly recent so that staff and residents of the company had clear memories of what happened before, during and after the process. The study covered four case studies, from different medium sized Swedish cities. Data were collected through interviews with key actors and residents, questionnaires to residents and document studies.

    The projects were compared regarding how they were designed to achieve their goals, and to what degree they managed to attain those goals. The intention was to find out more about the successes or failures in terms of management measures, regarding the enhancement of participation, security and social capital in the residential areas.

    The four case studies focused on very different types of measures. One project aimed at increasing perceived security in a residential area by introducing a special watchman who would offer protection, assistance and social control. Next project held youth activities for primary school children, to prevent youth delinquency. Sports clubs gave free instruction, the municipality offered venues for free and the school administered the activities in cooperation with the housing company. The third project was the renovation of outdoor environment and common areas like laundry rooms and entrances, in a residential area with social problems, to make the area more attractive. The fourth project was a campaign among tenants to counteract the perception of water as a free resource and in particular reduce the consumption of hot water.

    The results showed that the projects did not fully meet their stated objectives; to the extent it was possible to make such assessments. The companies had not ensured that there was data to verify the compliance to goals before they started their actions. Rather, the projects may be seen as building up experience in the housing management practice.

    The companies themselves have not mentioned the concept of social capital during the planning of the various projects. In practice though, the addressed management problems could be defined as stemming from deficits in social capital. Where the residents did not trust their neighbours there was a lack of bonding capital. If residents saw themselves as victims of circumstances, unable to influence their own situation, the bridging capital was missing.

    Social capital can be built from personal relationships between residents and housing companies and between the residents. With time bonding social capital is built up. This in turn contributes to the fostering of bridging social capital. When the residents see that commitment and work for the common good pays off in different ways, trust in the housing company will grow and in a longer perspective also trust in the surrounding society. To participate in the housing management and take on responsibilities can provide new life opportunities, such as an entrance ticket to the job market.

    The case studies showed that housing quality is a complex concept. It is a 'fresh product' that must be constantly maintained and developed. Various conditions can affect what is perceived as housing quality, and quality must be kept up all the time. To achieve the best quality as perceived by residents, it is a prerequisite that residents are involved to a high degree.

    Reasoning based upon literature and the empirical results suggests that important indicators of social capital in housing areas are related to trust, norms of reciprocity, social control, social networks and civic participation. With regard to if they are manifest on micro, meso or macro level, the indicators will take on different forms, discussed in a forthcoming article.

    The results have been presented at seminars with the housing companies, in teaching undergraduate students at KTH, in a report in Swedish, and in conference papers.

  • 905.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Social Capital in Housing Management: The Concept as a Tool for Analysing Problems and Formulating Goals for Action2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no formal social housing sector in Sweden, but municipally owned housing companies have aresponsibility to take on all kinds of tenants. That means that they are often in charge of housing areaswhere many low-income households live, with ensuing social problems. This paper is based upon a studyof management practices in such housing companies. ‘Social Capital’, a concept widely used in thediscussion on how to fight crime and deterioration in socially burdened housing areas, is employed in thetheoretical framework. Here the concept is used as well as describing local social networks as, in particular,‘bridging’ towards the surrounding society.The applied method is case study of the attempts of three housing companies to remedy problems such ashigh crime rate, bad reputation and low demand for housing units in certain areas.The results of the case studies showed that the companies’ different ways of addressing complex problemsinherent in the housing areas were not based upon any definition on how means were related to goals.They were more or less examples of trial and error. Only one of the companies did discuss intentionallyhow they should better the reputation of a certain housing area, by doing a selective physical upgrading ofcommunal spaces and the out-door environment. They were concerned to engage the residents in theprocess.The analysis employed a ‘what if’ - approach regarding the use of ‘Social Capital’ as a tool for thecompanies when analysing and addressing their problems. The discussion concludes in a review of theconcept ‘Social capital’ and some suggestions on how to make it operational in the practice of housingmanagement.

  • 906.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    The Role of Social Capital in Housing Management -Pilot Studies in Four Swedish Housing Areas2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 907.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Klingborg, Kerstin
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    En studie av ombildningsprocessen från hyresrätt till bostadsrätt 2007-20102011Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 908.
    Westin, Kim
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management. Center for Technology in Medicine and Health (CTMH).
    Personalintern Kommunikation: En kartläggning av formella och informella strukturer vid hematologisk slutenvård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste årens utveckling inom informationsteknik har påverkat organisationers struktur och arbetsmönster. Inom sjukvården har därför av flera anledningar behovet att studera olika former av kommunikation lyfts fram. Ur patientsäkerhetssynpunkt har problem med misstag kopplade till bristande informationsöverföring påtalats. Hierarkiska skillnader, otydliga roller och brister i själva informationsflödena har angetts som orsaker. Motåtgärderna är inte självklara. Sjukvården är en av samhällets mest komplexa kunskapsorganisationer och präglas av karaktärsdrag och informationsflöden kopplade till starka professioner.

    Kommunikationsgranskningar genomförs vanligen med målet att identifiera orsaker till ineffektiv kommunikation, brister i kommunikationsprocesser, föreslå förbättringar och ge ledning och medarbetare en mer objektiv bild av faktiska förhållanden. Forskningsområdet har dominerats av stora enkätstudier men en ökad efterfrågan har riktats mot studier på plats i den dagliga kommunikationsmiljön hos organisationer. I detta arbete har en sådan fallstudie utförts vid avdelningen för hematologisk slutenvård inom Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset i Huddinge, Stockholm. Avdelningen hade år 2012 i samband med ett lokalbyte inom sjukhuset genomfört omstruktureringar som berörde såväl roller som kanalerna för kommunikation. Verksamheten upplevdes nu inte bedrivas tillräckligt effektiv, den uppfattades ta tid och vara oöverskådlig där förbättrad kommunikation sågs som en lösning. Syftet med denna fallstudie har varit att utifrån roller och kanaler för kommunikation belysa aspekter på hur en tydligare formell struktur för dagens personalinterna kommunikation kan skapas och förmedlas.

    Syftet besvarades genom att kartlägga dagens formella struktur, vilket är det förväntade utbytet av information beskrivet i arbetsbeskrivningar och policys, men även genom att studera den informella struktur som utvecklats i det dagliga arbetet. En blandning av datainsamlingsmetoder har använts och organisationens kommunikationsnätverk i form av det nätverk som byggs upp av flödet av information mellan aktörer har visualiserats och analyserats. Resultatet visar på skillnader mellan den formella strukturen för personalintern kommunikation och den informella strukturen. Dessa har använts för att analysera, diskutera och föreslå hur de identifierade skillnaderna kan användas för att förtydliga roller och kanaler i den formella strukturen.

    Studien har identifierat sex områden där den formella strukturen kan förtydligas; en högre grad av dokumenterat kommunikativt ansvar och tydliga rutiner, en stärkt kommunikation inom arbetsteam istället för inom professioner, en definition av över-­‐ och underläkarnas kommunikativa roller, en ökad kontinuitet i centrala roller för kommunikation, en översyn av den fysiska strukturens påverkan på kommunikationen och slutligen ökade förutsättningar för snabb direkt kommunikation med informationsteknologi. 

  • 909.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Gawell, Malin
    Social entrepreneurship as a construct of a liberal welfare regime?2014Inngår i: Social entrepreneurship and enterprise: Concepts in context / [ed] H Douglas and S Grant, Melbourne: Tilde Univeristy Press , 2014, s. 241-258Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 910.
    Wiid-Daly, Maria
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell marknadsföring.
    An assessment of the application of semiotics in the analysis of mass communication messages2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 911.
    William, Jeffry Leonardo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    Wijaya, Mochamad Rifky
    Open Innovation Strategy: Open platform-based digital mapping; as tools for value creation and value capture: Case study of OpenStreetMap and Google Maps2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Open innovation has been rising in popularity as an alternative to traditional model for organizations to enhance innovation in their products or services. In the past, the innovation processes was time-consuming and costly. It has now become significantly efficient and effective, supported by the advancement of today’s IT such as Internet, Cloud Computing and Big Data. Open innovation has changed the aspect of the innovation source; from closed internal R&D to fully utilization of consumers’ collaboration. Decision to shift towards open innovation strategy has been lying on several areas including motivation, financial direction, and preference of the innovation strategies and business models that fitting the organizational core strategy. This research studied the relation of these areas and its effect; it determined the way IT-organization creates and captures value that were done by opening its product platform. This thesis was conducted to analyze the open innovation approach in an open digital navigation platform, featuring two platforms as case study: Google Maps and OpenStreetMap. The investigation emphasized the utilizing of the open innovation strategy to build its platform where crowdsourcing and open source software as objects highlighted in the research. The data was collected from secondary sources. Research findings suggested that crowdsourcing and open source software strategy are the main strategies of open innovation implemented in IT digital mapping platform to create and capture value. While these strategies have been practiced in both platforms, circumstances (motivation, financial direction, and business strategy) that hovering around the internal aspect of organizations affected the application of those strategies. The implementation results are differ according to preferred business model. The result of this research suggested that a non-profit based organization tends to utilize open innovation to improve the value of their product through consumer collaboration, while a profit based organization adopts open innovation to generate additional pool of revenue through customers’ feedback and input data. The open innovation leads to creation of a new business model as the foundation of innovation.

  • 912.
    Wilson, Matthew
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Understanding Individual and Collective Consumer Power in the Modern Economy2019Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers today are empowered by access to technology: they have drastically improved their ability to obtain knowledge, to communicate with each other and with firms, and to influence the marketing function. The research presented in this dissertation investigates consumer power in the modern economy. This topic is studied in two contexts which reflect the range of consumer power that exists today, from low levels of power exhibited by individual consumers to high levels of power exhibited by consumer collectives. These two contexts shed light on how consumers exert control over the marketing function in the context of the modern economy.

    The investigation of consumer power is undertaken through four papers. Paper 1 illustrates how even unskilled and everyday consumers who are operating as individuals can exert power over marketers through the practice of upcycling, or when items which would otherwise be considered garbage are repurposed, modified, or transformed into useful items. This paper suggests that there are a range of benefits consumers seek when they engage in the empowered behavior of upcycling, and provides managerial guidance on how firms can approach situations in which consumers upcycle their offerings. Papers 2, 3, and 4 focus on consumer power in situations where consumers are members of collectives; specifically, these papers focus on crowdsourcing. Paper 2 examines how consumers have used crowdsourcing initiatives as opportunities to push their own agendas. This paper illustrates a range of possible behaviors which may occur in crowdsourcing initiatives, and exposes risks that firms face when engaging in crowdsourcing. Paper 3 provides a theoretical conceptualization of why consumers are able to influence outcomes in crowdsourcing. Specifically, this paper uses social power theory to identify how power is structured in consumer collectives and to explain how this power structure can lead to the outcomes identified in paper 2. Paper 4 investigates consumer perceptions of power throughout the crowdsourcing process. In addition, this paper investigates how attitudes towards the brand and purchase likelihood are impacted by a firms decision to ‘accept’ or ‘reject’ the will of the crowd.

    Through these four papers, this research enhances understanding of the spectrum of consumer power that exists today, from unskilled individual consumer power in upcycling to networked consumer power in crowdsourcing. This research provides new theoretical understanding of how consumer power is structured and provides managerial guidance of how to approach situations in which consumers exercise their power. Specifically, this research conceptualizes how the bases of social power are structured differently depending on the context. From a practical stance, this research exposes both opportunities and risks that marketers face as a result of increased consumer power, and provides guidance for managers on how to approach these situations.

  • 913.
    Wilson, Matthew
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Where is the power in numbers?: Understanding firm and consumer power when crowdsourcing2018Inngår i: Business Horizons, ISSN 0007-6813, E-ISSN 1873-6068, Vol. 61, nr 4, s. 545-554Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This work utilizes the theory of social power as a lens through which to analyze the power structure of firms and consumers involved in crowdsourcing and discusses the managerial implications of this power balance. The results of this analysis reveal how power is structured differently in each form of crowdsourcing, with consumer power being strongest in the case of idea crowdsourcing and weakest in the case of microtask crowdsourcing. These differences in power have implications for managers who initiate and maintain crowdsourcing endeavors. Understanding the structure of consumer power in different types of crowdsourcing allows firms to better prepare for the wide range of possible outcomes as consumers inevitably push their own agendas regardless of whether or not these agendas are aligned with those of the firm.

  • 914.
    Wilson, Matthew
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Obilo, Obinna
    Central Michigan University.
    Robson, Karen
    University of Windsor.
    Consumer Power in CrowdsourcingManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers today are more powerful than ever before, particularly when they are members of collectives. This research investigates consumer power in crowdsourcing through a series of studies. Study 1 adapts and validates the Perceived Social Power Scale by Imai (1989) to create a suitable measurement instrument to capture perceptions of consumer power in crowdsourcing. Study 2 finds that consumers who participate in idea crowdsourcing (in which consumers submit ideas for new offerings) show higher perceived coercive power than those who participate in crowd voting (in which consumers are invited to vote for various options for new offerings) but finds no differences in perceived expert power. Study 3 manipulates whether the crowdsourced ideas or votes were accepted or rejected by the brand, and provides a longitudinal investigation of consumer perceptions of power, purchase likelihood, and attitudes towards the brand. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  • 915.
    Wilson, Matthew
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap.
    Onyewuchukwu, Obi
    Central Michigan University.
    Robson, Karen
    University of Windsor.
    Consumer power in crowdsourcingInngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers today are more powerful than ever before, particularly when they are members of collectives. This research investigates consumer power in crowdsourcing through a series of studies. Study 1 adapts and validates the Perceived Social Power Scale by Imai (1989) to create a suitable measurement instrument to capture perceptions of consumer power in crowdsourcing. Study 2 finds that consumers who participate in idea crowdsourcing (in which consumers submit ideas for new offerings) show higher perceived coercive power than those who participate in crowd voting (in which consumers are invited to vote for various options for new offerings) but finds no differences in perceived expert power. Study 3 manipulates whether the crowdsourced ideas or votes were accepted or rejected by the brand, and provides a longitudinal investigation of consumer perceptions of power, purchase likelihood, and attitudes towards the brand. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  • 916.
    Wilson, Matthew
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Robson, Karen
    Botha, Elsamari
    Crowdsourcing in a time of empowered stakeholders: Lessons from crowdsourcing campaigns2017Inngår i: Business Horizons, ISSN 0007-6813, E-ISSN 1873-6068, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 247-253Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdsourcing can test a company's willingness to relinquish control to key stakeholders. Using past examples of four failed crowdsourcing initiatives, we explore the negative and unintended consequences of crowdsourcing in an age when stakeholders are empowered to speak their minds, make a mockery of organizational initiatives, and direct initiatives as it suits their own agenda. The concepts of crowdthink and crowd hijacking are introduced, and advice is given on how managers can avoid or anticipate some of the potential issues that arise during crowdsourcing endeavors. With these considerations, managers can harness the power of crowds effectively to achieve organizational goals with limited negative consequences.

  • 917. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Achieving agility of supply chain management through information technology applications2007Inngår i: Advances in Production Management Systems - International Federation for Information Processing / [ed] Olhager, J. and Persson, F., Boston: Springer , 2007, s. 245-253Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Agility in supply chains is critical for competitive advantages as it helps to explore and exploit opportunities in fast changing markets. Finns are increasingly dependent on information technology (IT) for supply chain management as a competitive tool to facilitate such agility. However, little research has been done on the role of IT on supply chain agility. The paper aims to address this gap by further investigating how IT applications affect supply chain agility. We propose that IT infrastructure integration, consisting of data consistency and cross-functional application integration is critical to achieve agility as various integration processes in agile supply chains can be hampered by fragmented IT infrastructures which enable information flow and coordination activities across function units and network partners. We further illustrate IT infrastructure integration impacts on agility in various operational dimensions, such as speed, flexibility across the supply chain.

  • 918. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Agile supply chains through information systems integration2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the3rd World Conference on Production and Operations Management, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 919. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Digital supply chain integration2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th Annual Production and Operations Management Society Conference, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 920. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Efficient agility or responsive agility?2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the 16th Annual European Operations Management Association Conference, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 921. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Enabling agile supply chains2009Inngår i: Proceedings of the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 922. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Information systems and agile and responsive supply chains2009Inngår i: High-Performance Logistics: Methods and technologies / [ed] Blecker, T, Kersten, W. and Meyer, M., Berlin: Erich Schmidt , 2009, s. 143-156Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 923. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    IT and supply chain agility in Chinese automotive industry2007Inngår i: Proceedings of the 18th Annual Production and Operations Management Society Conference, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 924. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    Shaping agility through information systems integration throughout the supply chain2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Production and Operations Management Society Conference, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 925. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Operations Management, Warwick Business School.
    The mechanism of information system integration in supply chain agility2008Inngår i: Proceedings of the 15th Annual European Operations Management Association Conference, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 926. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Levy, Margi
    Information systems integration mechanisms within supply chain agility in the Chinese automotive industryInngår i: Computer Technology and Application, ISSN 1934-7332, E-ISSN 1934-7340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 927. Wu, Yi
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Levy, Margi
    Responsive or efficient?: Integrated information systems and the agile supply chainInngår i: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 928. Wådström, Pontus
    et al.
    Angelis, Jannis
    Strategizing performance measures2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 929.
    Yang, Ludan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Chen, Qubo
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    NORDIC DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS IN AFRICA: ANALYSIS BASED ON THE CONTROL OF INVESTMENT THROUGH FUND2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Nordic Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) play an important role in providing sustainable development for Africa which accordance with their mandates.  By investing in private equity Funds in Africa, investee companies have covered various sectors inAfricawhich may not only improve economic development but also increase employment. Additionally, investing in a Fund can spread risk through diversifications and help DFIs to share knowledge with Fund manager in local presence.

     

    This study analyzes the management control systems (MCS) of DFIs’ investing in private equity Funds, wherein we mainly focus on output control and behavior control which are two types of control widely discussed in previous research and literature. Hereby we set three hypotheses based on our research and get findings to support the research questions, which are:

    1.      DFIs use output control mechanism with contractual framework to secure their investment.

    Output control sets standards as to targets. It plays a fundamental role in the control process, as the contractual framework is short of standardized in private equity industry and Fund managers are selected strictly during screening process.

     

    2.      DFIs use behavior control to interact with Fund managers.

    Behavior control means appropriate instruction and guidelines imposed as results become foreseeable during the monitoring process. It becomes a central element where DFIs have to interact with Fund managers to track the investment progress & development effect, including investment decision making.

     

    3.      DFIs’ syndicated investment affects their control activities.

    Nordic DFIs’ investment strategy is making co-investment in Funds. When more parties are involved, the monitoring and control process become different compared with only one investor and it is affected by syndicated investment. While we did not deeply explore the control mechanism and process under syndication investment by either quantitative & qualitative method or case studying approach, we conclude that it does exist based on communication with interviewees.

     

    The word “Control” looks like a bureaucratic word. However, we found that Alignment is essential in control process for each partners while behavior control helps to assure the alignment. We think that control process become less difficult when previous strict selection of trust partner is successful. We suggest that the alignment between DFIs and other investors as well as Funds should be strengthened in the control process, so that investment objectives can be well realized.

     

    Besides Nordic DFIs, Africa also benefits from others such asChina’s “going global” strategy to encourage outward FDI. China-Africa Development Fund (CADFund) is the first Fund focused specially on large scale investment in Africa among Private Equity Funds inChina. China Development Bank (CDB) is the shareholder of CADFund, who provide resources and support to CADFund. By briefly comparing Nordic DFIs and CADFund, we found they use similar investment instruments and also similar strategies, such as investment in less developed countries inAfricato improve economic conditions, support home companies investing in Africa etc. Including an analysis on CAD as well as the comparison with Nordic DFIs not only strengthen the understanding of DFIs’ activities in Africa, but also clarify the different investment characteristics of Western and Eastern investors in Africa. We also suggest that Nordic DFIs and CADFund can share experience and knowledge to promote sustainable development for Africa.

     

     

  • 930.
    Yaraghi, Niam
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Mekanik.
    Critical Success Factors for Risk Management Systems2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the existence of extensive literature regarding risk management, there still seems to be lack of knowledge in identification of Critical Success Factors (CSFs) in this area. In this research Grounded Theory is implemented to identify CSFs in Risk Management Systems (RMS). Factor analysis and one-sample t-test are then used to refine and rank the CSFs based on the results of a survey which has been performed among Risk Management practitioners in various types of Swedish corporations. CSFs are defined from three different perspectives: (a) the factors that have influence on the inclination and readiness of corporation for implementing RMS. (b) the factors that are important during the design and implementation of RMS in corporation and can significantly affect the success of RMS design and implementation and (c) the factors that are crucially important to successfully run, maintain and administrate RMS after the closure of the project of RMS design and Implementation.

    This systematic approach towards understanding the taxonomy of the success dimension in RMS is important for re-enforcing effective risk management practices.

  • 931.
    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Hintze, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap.
    Energy-Efficient Technologies and the Building’s Saleable Floor Area: Bust or Boost for Highly-Efficient Green Construction?2013Inngår i: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 570-587Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When the external measurements of a building are fixed, an increase in external wall thickness caused by additional insulation, for example, will lead to loss of saleable floor area. This issue has to be taken into account in the evaluation of investment profitability. This paper examines how technologies used in energy-efficient residential building construction affect the available saleable floor area and how this impacts profitability of investment. Using a modeled building and an analysis of the average construction cost, we assessed losses and gains of saleable floor area in energy-efficient buildings. The analysis shows that the impact of potential losses or gains of saleable floor area should be taken into account when comparing investment alternatives: building energy-efficient green dwellings or building conventional ones. The results indicate that constructing energy-efficient buildings and introducing very energy-efficient technologies may be energy- and cost-effective even compared with conventional buildings. Employing new products in energy-efficient construction allows benefit to be drawn from lower energy consumption during the life cycle of the building, but also from the increase in saleable floor area.

  • 932.
    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Hintze, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap.
    Low-energy versus conventional residential buildings: market, stimulants, investment cost and profit2011Inngår i: SB11 Helesinki World Sustainable Building Conference, Finland, Helsinki, 2011, s. 314-315Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A  good  investment  is  measured  by  benefits  it  gives in  return,  and  so  financially  viable investment  is  an  elementary  requirement  for  the  stockholders.  Cost  and  affordability  have been  often  pointed  as  the  greatest  barrier  in  sustainable  construction  development  [1]  and further often brought up in the discussion about the  “sustainable”  or  “green”  investment profitability. It is therefore important to collect market evidence to facilitate understanding and evaluation of environmentally conscious investments in real estate.  

  • 933.
    Zanotelli, Pietro
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Management.
    MANAGING PRODUCT VARIETY: How to reduce complexity and increase product portfolios’ profitability2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a new approach to the management of product variety that

    should help manufacturing companies to improve the profitability of their product

    portfolios. The scientific research is conducted in different ways. After a short

    introduction of basic concepts relevant for the research, a broad review of the

    existing academic knowledge is proposed in form of a literature review. As a

    conclusion of the review, gap analysis shows the limitations of existing methods of

    variety management and sets the requirements for a new methodology. A

    methodology is hence developed by the author to analyze variety of product

    portfolios. The methodology includes the analysis of customer requirements, the

    calculation of complexity costs and the mapping of physical variety. Furthermore,

    clear guidelines are presented with the aim of improving the overall profitability of the

    chosen product portfolio; these mainly refer to changes in product architectural

    aspects or complete elimination of certain product variants.

    Subsequently, empirical evidence has been gathered from a case study at a

    manufacturing company, which has been a valuable source of data to confirm the

    applicability and the validity of such a methodology. The benefits of using the

    proposed methodology are proved, comparing the achieved results to the ones

    gathered after the application of other methodologies.

    The purpose of this study was to develop a new methodology for supporting and

    enhancing decision related to variety in manufacturing companies. This methodology

    aims to find a way to link the cost of complexity to the product architecture, what

    represents a very important aspect that existing methodologies cannot fully perform.

    For this reason the study provides a valuable contribution to the empirical knowledge

    on variety management practices.

  • 934.
    Zhang, Cevin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem, Hälsoinformatik och logistik.
    Sebastiaan, Meijer
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Medicinteknik och hälsosystem.
    A Simulation Game of Patient Transportation2019Inngår i: Neo-Simulation and Gaming Toward Active Learning / [ed] Ryoju Hamada;Songsri Soranastaporn; Hidehiko Kanegae; Pongchai Dumrongrojwatthana; Settachai Chaisanit; Paola Rizzi; Vinod Dumblekar, Springer, 2019, 1, s. 53-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The handling of patients is a complex process. The training and education of patient transportation workers are meant to ensure efficiency and health outcomes. A simulation game, joined by personnel with working experience or prospective professionals in the healthcare system, is a life-like medium for improving decision makings in non-rational operation management. However, few examples are known in regard to synthesizing complex systems, such as clinical facilities, into healthcare simulation games. In order to fill this gap, this work proposes the adopt theory and reports the development of a simulation game that reconciles patient handling with the support of different types of simulation techniques. The simulation game has a physical entity simulator as its back-end and a panel of command and control for each player as its front end. The physical entity simulator is based on the interactions of mobile agents. Agent-based modeling targets the correct level of representation of the operative environment. The simulation game is tested with managers who have more than 10-years of working experience with patient flow management in pediatric care. Reflections from players indicate that modeling and abstraction using an agent model is an efficient synthesis of complex systems. The theory, methods, and results of this study are expected to contribute to the development of simulation games that can be applied in health service provision, in general, and in patient transportation, in particular.

  • 935.
    Zhetibaeva Elvung, Gulzat
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    The new firm effect on entrepreneurshipManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the new firm effect on entrepreneurship and investigates the new firm employee transition to entrepreneurship and controls for the worker's ability in terms of income residuals. For empirical analysis, dataset collected from Swedish matched employee-employer database from five different cohorts (2001-2005), is used and competing risk models are employed. The findings indicate that the new firm effect on entrepreneurship is positive and statistically significant and remains even after controlling for a worker's ability. Moreover, workers with the lowest and the high- est abilities are more likely to enter entrepreneurship. This effect on worker's ability is also true for the entrepreneurial transition among incumbent firm employees. In contrast, among new firm employees, women entering into entrepreneurship are drawn from the lowest and the next highest tails of the income residual distribution, while men entering into entrepreneurship are drawn only from the lowest tails of the income residual distribution.

  • 936.
    Zika-Wiktorsson, Annika
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.).
    Sundström, Per
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH).
    Engwall, Mats
    VINNOVA, Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems.
    Project Overload: An Exploratory Study of Work and Management in Multi-Project Settings2006Inngår i: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 385-394Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates psychosocial aspects of work in multi-project settings and how project members and project managers at operational level perceive their work situation. Work in a multi-project setting entails a complicated situation characterized by tight schedules, multi-tasking, increased coordination expenditures, and a large amount of set-up time when alternating between tasks. The study addresses the issue of project overload, a construct that in this study reflects perceived fragmentation, disruption and inefficiency, caused by switching between assignments for separate but simultaneous projects. An explorative approach was adopted for the study, and new models were created and investigated. The primary source of data was a web-based questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered to project co-workers (n = 392) in nine companies in Sweden (response rate: 81%). The companies represented manufacturing, pharmaceutical and construction industries, and all occupied a leading position on their respective markets. The results show that almost one-third of the respondents were under perceived project overload, and that 21% (p ≤ .001) of the variance on this variable could be explained by four factors. In order of magnitude, these factors were: (1) lack of opportunities for recuperation, (2) inadequate routines, (3) scarce time resources, and (4) a large number of simultaneous projects. Further, the study indicated that there are associations between high level of project overload and (a) high levels of psychological stress reactions, (b) decreased competence development, and (c) deviations from time schedules.

  • 937.
    Åsberg, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    A dualistic view of brand portfolios: the company's versus the customers' view2018Inngår i: Journal of Consumer Marketing, ISSN 0736-3761, E-ISSN 2052-1200, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 264-276Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Brand architecture and brand portfolios have been regarded as absolute entities to be analysed from the company's perspective. The purpose of this study is to question such a uniform view by adding a perceptional dimension to the two concepts. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews with 58 marketing professionals and customers were used to explore ten propositions and map associations in the perceived brand portfolios, based on the brand concept map methodology. Findings The study reveals systematic differences between the collective view of company representatives, who name fewer brands associated through more sophisticated and highly connected brand systems and customers who include more partners and competitor brands in the portfolio, who also name more brands and connections in total. Research limitations/implications Implications of the results are analysed and future research is suggested to determine the generalizability of the findings and the economic implications of discrepant internal and external views of a brand architecture and brand portfolio. Practical implications Academics should relate to this dualism by compensating for the effects of the associative predisposition of employees versus customers when interpreting results of studies related to brand portfolios and brand architecture. Marketing practitioners must actively acknowledge and manage the role of partners and competitors as part of the company's external brand portfolio. Originality/value This study is the first to problematize the unilateral interpretation of brand portfolios and brand architecture by introducing a dual view of these concepts based on internal (employees) and external (consumers) perceptions.

  • 938.
    Åsberg, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Brand Architecture from Above: Understanding the Customer Disconnect2019Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Global business is transforming. Information technology in general, and the Internet specifically, has globalized business and empowered the consumer with more information and choice than ever before. Consequently, academic research into brand portfolios and brand architecture is faced with new challenges to reflect this changing reality.

    Traditional research into brand portfolio management and its structural embodiment using brand architecture has approached these concepts from the perceptive of the brand owner/company. For instance, the portfolio has been mapped based on legal ownership of brands, which has been criticized as being a too narrow approach that exclude key contributors of the portfolio’s collective brand equity. Even in the cases where partner brands are acknowledged as part of the portfolio, their inclusion is often based on the revenue stream they represent or their link in the distribution chain instead of association. Brand architecture research has therefor focused on structural representations based on hierarchical trees created within the walls of the company itself, without necessarily investigating if the intended structure works as expected.

    The missing ingredient in this halting logic is the perceptions of the market in which the portfolio and its architecture operates. Associations and transfer of brand equity is dependent on a concept’s mental perception in the minds of consumers. An endorsement that does not get noticed by the target market is a mirage in the minds of marketing managers, and an historical collaboration that was cancelled years ago may still influence the brand portfolio today by means of association in consumer memory.

    The research presented in this thesis extends current theory in brand portfolio management and brand architecture to directly include the consumer perspective. This thesis re-classifies the portfolio and architecture concept as perceptual constructs whose efficiency is determined by the mental alignment between company representatives as the creators of the intended meaning and customers as the interpreters, or even co-creators, of the same. Study results presented indicate significant misalignment not only between stakeholder groups as a collective, but also between individuals within each group – even for brand managers working together on the same portfolio day after day. Current hierarchical models for representing brand architecture are extended using the perceptual dimension as well as a layer accounting for the openness of the portfolio, and a new brand portfolio model segregating brands based on the degree of perceptual inclusion in the portfolio is presented.

    This introduction of the perceptual dimension into both brand portfolio management and brand architecture represents a new way to view these abstract concepts, a conceptual idea that has ripple effects into areas such as brand equity transfer, brand alliances, and portfolio risk management.

  • 939.
    Åsberg, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Uggla, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell Marknadsföring och Entreprenörskap. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Sch Ind Engn & Management, Ind Econ & Management, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Introducing multi-dimensional brand architecture: taking structure, market orientation and stakeholder alignment into account2019Inngår i: Journal of Brand Management, ISSN 1350-231X, E-ISSN 1479-1803, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 483-496Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional research in brand architecture has primarily focused on bipolar, structural models describing brand constellations viewed from the brand owner's angle of incidence. This paper further extends previous theorization within strategic brand management by offering the Conceptual Integrated Multi-dimensional Architecture (CIMA) model as an incorporation of existing research in brand architecture, arranged according to hierarchical structure, degree of collaboration with third parties and alignment with consumer perceptions. Traditional brand architecture is broadened using two additional dimensions-the level of intercompany partnerships and perceptional congruency between stakeholders-to produce a model that distinguishes between open and closed brand structures and includes the consumers' perceptions as a mediator of brand strategy efficiency. The CIMA model implies that strategic brand management should consider the possible effects of third-party collaboration, in conjunction with consumer beliefs, on the efficiency of the pursued brand strategy and selected go-to-market approach. By including these two additional dimensions, marketing executives may find a more nuanced view of the potential challenges and obstacles that stand in the way of successful brand strategy execution. The paper is concluded by discussing the implications of this conceptual model and suggests a number of future research directions for brand architecture and brand portfolio management.

  • 940.
    Åsman, Christer
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Wahldén, Henning
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Leverantörer av utrustning och tjänster försmåskalig vattenkraft2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk Vattenkraftförening har upplevt behov av att hänvisa till branschens tjänsteleverantörer

    och leverantörer av komponenter till småskaliga vattenkraftverk vid förfrågningar från

    internationellt och inhemskt håll. Detta examensarbete har gjorts med syfte att möta detta behov,

    genom att kartlägga företag aktiva inom branschen småskalig vattenkraft.

    Utifrån initiala undersökningar och litteraturstudier bearbetas en modell fram för hur

    enkätundersökningen ska presentera samlad information. De samlade koncept och meningar som

    skapats under förstudien används för att utforma en lista av aktiviteter som hör till processen att

    starta, driva och underhålla ett vattenkraftverk. Stöd för att aktiviteternas förekomst tas från olika

    register över liknande branschers kategoriseringar och branschföretags

    verksamhetsbeskrivningar. Detta sammanvägt med de svar som samlats in från intervjuer och

    enkäter skapar ett ramverk med fördefinierade aktiviteter.

    De huvudsakliga metoder som använts för att identifiera branschens aktörer, är att intervjua en

    handfull ägare av småskaliga kraftverk samt kontakta de kraftverksägare och medlemmar i

    Svensk Vattenkraftförening som uppgett e-postadress. Den grundläggande frågan är vilka företag

    man varit i kontakt med under sin kraftverksamhet. En tidig bearbetning av de fördefinierade

    aktiviteterna användes som stöd. Kompletterande metoder är att välja företag som förekommit i

    svensk vattenkrafts medlemsmatrikel, som stödmedlemmar samt företag som gjort reklam i

    branschtidningen SERO-journalen de senaste fem åren.

    Företagen presenteras i ett separat kompendium. Enkäten utformas utifrån de samlade koncept

    och meningar som skapats under förstudien och den fördefinierade listan av aktiviteter utgör

    ramverket för hur företagens respektive verksamhetsområde beskrivs. Därutöver presenteras

    allmän information, så som kontaktpersoner på företaget och en verksamhetsbeskrivning i fritext.

  • 941.
    Ögren, Patric
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Högberg, Kristoffer
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    En ”marknadsundersökning” genom att iterera fram till ett värdeskapande koncept2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett affärskoncept har tagits fram och resulterat i en marknadsplats. Marknadsplatsen är en webbsida och mobil applikation vars syfte är att skapa värde av resursers bokningsbara tider som idag har generellt låg beläggning hos aktivitetsanläggningar inom sport, kultur och nöje.

    Marknadsplatsen är tänkt att samla ett brett utbud av lågbeläggningstider inom olika aktivitetstyper som är typiska vardagsaktiviteter som vänner gör tillsammans. Tanken är att bygga ett starkt varumärke för marknadsplatsen med det tydliga budskapet att "marknadsplatsen tillhandahåller ett brett utbud av prisvärda erbjudanden inom sport- och nöjesaktiviteter, om du väljer att anpassa ditt schema utifrån anläggningarnas lågbeläggningstider". Dessutom är det tänkt att marknadsplatsen ska ha funktionalitet som gör det enklare för användare att boka en tid via marknadsplatsen, genom att synkronisera de olika alternativ av aktiviteter och tider som personer inom en grupp av vänner är intresserade av. Marknadsplatsen är tänkt att riktas till målgrupper med personer som har flexibla scheman, framförallt egenföretagare, studenter och pensionärer. Det finns en god potential för en tredjepart att driva en marknadsplats som specialiserar sig på att skapa värde av lågbeläggningstider. Affärskonceptet hindrar inte anläggningarna från att själva göra ansträngningar för att höja beläggningen på dessa tider, och de kan använda marknadsplatsen som komplement till deras befintliga bokningssystem. Utifrån de anläggningar som har undersökts finns det en god potential för att öka en anläggnings omsättning med ungefär 330 000 kr per år.

    Affärskonceptet har tagits fram genom att göra en marknadsundersökning baserad på en teknisk produkt som initialt var utformad som ett bokningssystem med olika produktutvecklingsmöjligheter och olika tänkbara kundgrupper att adressera. Marknadsundersökningen gjordes iterativt utifrån projektledningsmetoden Lean Startup som kombinerats med kvalitativa marknadsundersökningstekniker från Innovation Games.

  • 942.
    Ünal, Enes
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Shao, Jing
    Northwestern Polytech Univ, Sch Management, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China..
    A taxonomy of circular economy implementation strategies for manufacturing firms: Analysis of 391 cradle-to-cradle products2019Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 212, s. 754-765Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the complexity of circular economy implementation, the literature is missing a strategic stand-point. This paper investigates the taxonomy of circular economy implementation strategies at the managerial level by linking it to strategy literature. The taxonomy was developed by using standard k-mean clustering method that incorporates 391 Cradle-to-Cradle product scorecards of 187 companies from 10 different industries. The analysis was based on the relative importance assigned to each competitive capability that defines the circular economy; namely, material health, material reutilization, renewable energy, water stewardship, and social fairness. Three distinct clusters of circular economy implementation strategy groups were observed: (i) founding (recyclers), (ii) development (all-decent circulars), and (iii) maturity (toxicity fighters). All clusters have been present in various industries, although there is an industry effect. The results indicate that each cluster has a different strategy. The results obtained contradict the general assumption and expectation of simultaneous improvement at all circular economy dimensions. Our research contributes to the theoretical understanding of circular economy implementation by providing a taxonomy of strategies. It contributes to the strategy literature by suggesting that the maturity degree of a competitive capability may determine the implementation strategy. For practice, the study presents a road-map for managers to reach higher degrees of circularity.

  • 943.
    Ünal, Enes
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Urbinati, A.
    Chiaroni, D.
    Manzini, R.
    Value Creation in Circular Business Models: The case of a US small medium enterprise in the building sector2019Inngår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 146, s. 291-307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A circular business model represents a holistic system of co-evolving managerial practices for collective value creation, delivery and capture, which provide solutions for sustainable development. Previous research on circular business models aimed to understand value creation mostly in terms of a single managerial practice or in a relatively isolated manner. In particular, little is known regarding the system of managerial practices that creates value. Accordingly, this study proposes a theoretical framework characterized by a set of managerial practices in connection with relevant internal and external contextual factors for creating value within a circular business model. The framework was used in a specific case of a small medium-sized enterprise (SME) operating in building sector, which can be considered a great example of circular economy put into practice. Therefore, the explorative nature of the case allows for deep probing that helps consolidating the framework. Among the main results, essential outcomes included configuring and adapting the company's business model to particular internal and external contextual factors; valorization of local waste by harmonizing managerial practices, and socio-cultural and socio-economic settings, as well as sustainable behaviours among the actors of supply chain. This study contributes to the field of circular business models research by adopting a broader, interdisciplinary approach toward the concept of value creation. Further, it provides managers with a roadmap for creating value by enhancing the degree of circularity within a given context. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

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