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  • 1.
    Adam, Achamyeleh Gashu
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law. Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia .
    Informal settlements in the peri-urban areas of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia: An institutional analysis2014In: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, E-ISSN 1873-5428, Vol. 43, p. 90-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peri-urban land which has been used predominantly for agricultural purposes and held by local farmers is a target area for informal settlements in Ethiopia. An increasing number of people try to solve their housing needs by getting a plot of land informally in the transitional peri-urban areas. The purpose of this study is to explore the principal actors involved in the informal conversion of peri-urban agricultural land into urban built-up property. This study is also aimed at demonstrating the role of non-state institutions in facilitating informal acquisition and development of peri-urban plots. Both questionnaire and document analysis were the main sources of data for this study. The result of this study indicated that traditional social institutions played a significant role in processing peri-urban informal settlements and stabilizing land related conflicts by social sanction measures. The study has also found out that the process of acquiring a plot of land from peri-urban areas passes through its own stages which mainly start with identifying a plot for sale and ends with the confirmation of traditional letter of agreement signed by transacting parties without legal ground to do so.

  • 2.
    Alemu, Belachew Yirsaw
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Expropriation, Valuation and Compensation in Ethiopia2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the expropriation, valuation and compensation process are carried out in Ethiopia when privately held land and attached real properties are taken for public and private investment purposes. The study  examines three case studies, inquiring whether the process of expropriation and valuation are transparent and  justified or not and the compensation paid is fair and reasonable from an international perspective. A valid with  theoretical background, the study examines practical problems that faced expropriatees and searches for possible theoretical explanations. The study also assesses whether there is a gap between the laws and the practice undertake on the ground.

    The study reveals that expropriation as a concept and a land policy tool has economic and political justification and acceptance in Ethiopia. Similar to other developing countries, Ethiopia has faced enormous economic and social problems. The question of housing and other real estate construction for high population pressure, the development and investment questions, poor public utility facilities and other public interests are some of the problems that need the intervention of both the Federal and Regional governments. In order to facilitate these needs of the society, the Federal government, the City Administrations and/or Regional governments have been using “expropriation” as a meaningful and useful management tool. However,  the field survey result  reveals that different compensation standards among government institutions, inadequate compensation standards for loss of land use rights, lack of professional and certified property valuers, lack of reliable and up to date data and nontransparent expropriation and valuation procedures are some of the main problems that impend the proper and equitable implementation of expropriation, valuation and compensation in the country in general and the study areas in particular.

    Another emerging issue is how the land laws especially the expropriation and payment of compensation laws are applied. It is evident that the application of and adherence to legal provisions with consistency, transparency and objectivity; by the acquiring authorities in ensuring that fairness is done, seems to be quite crucial. On the other hand, non-adherence to such laws brings numerous implementation problems in such programs. Whereas the affected expropriatees need “fair treatment and compensation” the government wants to pay a “manageable compensation” so, this thesis argues for a reasonable compensation to be established by striking a balance between these two view points.

    This study ends up by proposing that both the Federal and Regional governments should revise the land laws especially the expropriation and payment of compensation laws in such a way that it would define and protect property rights for the vulnerable groups both in urban and rural areas and where and when these rights are acquired “reasonable compensation” must be paid.

     

     

     

  • 3.
    Alm, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH.
    Lindgren, Eidar
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Hållbar dagvattenhantering i stadsmiljö: Ansvar och finansiering2017In: Bostad 2.0: En bostadsmarknad för alla / [ed] Maria Hullgren och Mats Wilhelmsson, Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2017, p. 71-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ambaye, Daniel Weldegebriel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Land Rights and Expropriation in Ethiopia2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines and analyses the expropriation laws and practices in Ethiopia. The objective of the thesis is to analyze and describe the land rights and expropriation laws in Ethiopia and to compare them with the practice in order to determine the fairness of compensation. The study is made against the Ethiopian Constitution and other subsidiary legislations which provide the basic land rights and the nature and details of expropriation.

    The basic argument made in this thesis is that even if the Ethiopian Constitution provides and guarantees common ownership of land (together with the state) to the people, this right has not been fully realized whether in terms of land accessibility, enjoyablity, and payment of fair compensation in the event of expropriation.

    The reasons have to do either with the faulty nature of the laws or with their implementation by public authorities. From the outset, the constitution excludes land as a subject of compensation. For this reason, land is being excluded from the compensation package and hence it has no value for the holder. Urban land holders are denied location value of their property, which they can collect it otherwise during sale, and hence the compensation becomes unfair. Similarly, rural farmers are denied compensation for the complete loss of their farm land. The denial of compensation for the value of the land is categorically in contradiction with the very principle of joint ownership of land by the people and the state.

    There are also other reasons which are related to the law or its practical applicability, such as valuation process which reduces the amount of compensation. There are also property interests which are not included as compensable interests.

    Payment of compensation is one factor for secure property right and hence sustainable development. To ensure fair compensation in the event of compensation, a legal and policy level reform is necessary to address and amend the existing problems. Further, to harmonize the laws and practices is imperative to reduce the amount of injustice existed in today’s expropriation procedure in Ethiopia.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Quigley, John M.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Urbanization, productivity, and innovation: Evidence from investment in higher education2009In: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 2-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past two decades, Swedish government policy has decentralized post-secondary education throughout the country. We investigate the economic effects of this decentralization policy on the level of productivity and innovation and their spatial distribution in the national economy. We find important and significant effects of this investment policy upon economic output and the locus of knowledge production, suggesting that the decentralization has affected regional development through local innovation and increased creativity. Our evidence also suggests that aggregate productivity was increased by the deliberate policy of decentralization. Finally, we estimate the spillovers of university investment over space, finding that they are substantial, but that they are greatly attenuated. Agglomerative effects decline rapidly; roughly half of the productivity gains from these investments are manifest within 5-8 km of the community in which they are made.

  • 6. Andrée, Martin
    et al.
    Larsson, Karolina
    Nordqvist Darell, Fanny
    Malm, Linus
    Tullberg, Odd
    Wallberg, Ann
    Norrsell, Johan
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    Seipel, Stefan
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Slutrapport för projektet Smart planering för byggande: Delprojekt 3: BIM som informationsstöd för 3D fastighetsbildning2018Report (Other academic)
  • 7. Andrée, Martin
    et al.
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Seipel, Stefan
    BIM and 3D property visualisation2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Berggren, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Banking and Finance.
    Fili, Andreas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Nordberg, Olle
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Experience of digital examination in Sweden: Some preliminary findings from three different perspectives2015In: INTED2015 Proceedings, iated Digital Library , 2015, p. 4001-4007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish higher educational system is under pressure. The competition from international universities is getting fiercer, and the demographical projections indicate that the number of students entering the university system is peaking right now. At the same time, the financial support from the government is decreasing. In order to stay competitive Swedish universities are trying to find strategies for using the scarce resources in the optimal way. The problem is to strike a balance between quality and efficiency.Over the past ten years a lot of improvement has been made within the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) regarding quality and innovation in education. Pedagogical courses are mandatory for the staff, and the merits of educational experience have been emphasized in hiring new staff members. Even though problem-based learning, constructive alignment and peer instruction are common in most courses today, some other aspects of education and learning remains the same. One such conservative trait has to do with written examinations. Since the founding of the university in 1827, all written examinations have been done using paper and pen at the Royal Institute of Technology. It is interesting to note that even the school of computer science is using paper and pen for their final written examinations. The problems with using paper and pen are numerous and includes; problems with reading and grading because of poor handwriting, distribution of exams between teachers in the same course, written exams getting lost, etc. In comparison with other parts of the educational system, little has happened to improve quality and efficiency when it comes to written examinations.During 2013 and 2014 a number of teachers initiated a project for increasing the efficiency in written exams. There was a general understanding that the final part of the courses consumed too much time and effort in relations to the other parts. Hence, new software for digital examinations was identified and a license was purchased. This paper summarizes the experiences that the teachers have made during this trial period. The experiences are divided between three different perspectives; the teachers, the students and the administrators. From the teachers perspective the experiences have been very positive – less time have been allocated to grading written exams, the grades are perceived as more just and the saved time can be spent on increasing the quality on other parts of the course. From a student perspective the experiences have been positive – most students are positive in that they get the results much quicker, that they can edit their answers on the exam easier and that the grades are more just. The experiences from the final perspective – that from the administrators’ point of view – are far more complex. Some parts of the administrative system encouraged the projects, whereas other parts tried to stop it, using different measures.The paper concludes with some advice on implementing changes in written exams, based on the experiences from the Swedish case.

  • 9.
    Boklund, Stina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Planprocessen: Tidsåtgång och särskilt upprättade dokument2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detaljplaneprocessens längd och komplexitet har diskuterats i många sammanhang. Diskussionerna har påverkat utformningen av den nya plan- och bygglag som trädde i kraft 2 maj 2011 med syfte att få till snabbare och enklare planprocesser. Så mot bakgrund av detta är syftet med det här examensarbetet att visa på tidsåtgången för detaljplaneprocessen. Processen har delats upp i olika skeden för att se om det är något skede som tar särskilt lång tid och vad det i så fall beror på. Det har även noterats om en miljökonsekvensbeskrivning eller ett gestaltningsprogram har upprättats. Det är tio detaljplaner som alla vunnit laga kraft som har studerats. Planerna är hämtade från olika kommuner runt om i Sverige för att ge en bred bild av hur processen går till, de är upprättade med och utan program samt med normalt och enkelt planförfarande. Tiden som studerats sträcker sig från att en ansökan om planläggning inkommer till kommunen eller att kommunen själv tar beslut om att planlägga ett område fram till att detaljplanen vinner laga kraft. Tidsåtgången varierar kraftigt mellan planerna, resultatet visar på att det som tar tid och i sin tur förlänger planprocessen i de här fallen är samrådsskedet, om planen överklagats samt "annat arbete". "Annat arbete" är ett skede under planprocessen som jag inte studerat och där jag därför inte vet vad som har hänt. För flera av planerna går mycket tid till detta och säkert med all rätt då det är ett omfattande arbete att ta fram en detaljplan och tillhörande utredningar så som riskanalys, bullerutredning m.m. Att samrådsskedet tar tid beror i de här fallen på att samrådsredogörelsen ofta inte upprättas direkt efter att samrådet avslutats samt att det i ett fall fick hållas ett extra samråd efter att arbetet legat nere på grund av konjunkturläget och planen sedan arbetats om. Även om det är ett par skeden under processen som tar lång tid för alla planerna är det egentligen olika faktorer som inte alltid går att påverka som spelar in och gör att processen blir utdragen.

  • 10.
    Brokking, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Liedholm Johnson, Eva
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Hållbarhet, regelverk och roller från detaljplan till bygglov2017In: Bostad 2.0: En bostadsmarknad för alla / [ed] Maria Hullgren och Mats Wilhelmsson, Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2017, p. 147-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bucht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Markanknutna gemensamma nyttigheter: en analysmodell för byggande, underhåll, användning och finansiering2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with appropriate legislation concerning common utilities, such as infra-structural facilities and natural resources, which can regulate construction, maintenance, use and financing. Appropriate legislation can be viewed in the two main perspectives, effi-ciency and equity, and the thesis concerns primarily on efficiency.

    The purpose is to develop an analytical model, which can be used to facilitate structured assessments concerning the management of common utilities. The problem field concerned is of great complexity, and the model is therefore to be viewed as a support for decision-making, not as an instrument capable of delivering ready-made solutions.

    To structure the problem area it’s divided into three parts, the social, physical and institu-tional environments.

    The social environment is concerned with factors, such as group size and amount of trust and social capital, which can influence the feasibility of co-operation. The analysis leads to a classification of three social groups: Close-knit, loosely-knit and anonymous.

    The physical environment is concerned with characteristics of utilities, which influences need for, and feasibility of, co-operation. Rivalry of use and excludability are identified as important factors in this aspect. By combining them six types of goods can be identified: Private goods, club goods, common pool resources, toll goods, public goods and local pub-lic goods.

    The institutional environment is concerned with rules, which can control the use of com-mon utilities. Two concepts are identified as pivotal: property rights regimes and decision-making procedures. There are four property rights regimes: Individual rights, group rights, public rights (limited and unlimited) and no rights. Furthermore there are three decision-making procedures: Market regulation, group decision-making and public decision-making. A fourth possibility is no decision making-forum.

    By linking together social groups and types of goods a matrix is obtained in which each square represents a unique combination of social and physical environment. In this analyti-cal framework it is analysed which combinations of property rights regimes and decision-making procedures that are best suited to each square.

    In the end, Swedish legislation on roads, water and sewerage installations and aesthetic design of buildings is analysed with aid of the analytical model.

  • 12.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Disposal of municipal land aimed for housing: a critical evaluation of assigning methods applied in Sweden2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden considerable amounts of land suitable for housing is owned publicly, or more specifically, by any of the 290 municipalities. A significant proportion of the land necessary for the housing market is accordingly owned, controlled and consequently publicly supplied to a highly privatized developer sector that carries out the actual development. A pivotal task in the Swedish land markets, and a natural consequence of the initial separation between land and developer, concerns the disposal phase, i.e. the allocation procedures were land initially owned by a municipality gets assigned to a specific developer. In Sweden, distribution of municipal land aimed for housing is done by so-called ‘land allocations’. While numerous scientific articles implicitly acknowledging the occurrence of local authorities abroad supplying developers with land aimed for housing, the structure of this disposal procedure seems yet to be a rather neglected subject within current housing research. The objective of present article is therefore twofold, with a first aim to present contemporary disposal practice of municipal land aimed for housing, as it is applied in Sweden. More specifically, the assignment of land allocations – i.e. the developer selection – is examined based on an empirical investigation of practices in over 30 municipalities. Secondly, this article seeks to, while acknowledging the nature of a land allocation, critically assess and intermutually rank observed methods. In short, the present article initially distinguishes between two diverging ‘assigning approaches’ – a tender approach and a direct approach. This is followed by a subdivision into four distinct ‘assigning methods’ – auctions, competitions without price, competitions with price and direct allocations.

  • 13.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Mark(ägande) och bostadsbyggande: En belysning av kommunala markens funktion 1900-20152016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mark har i alla tider utgjort en grundläggande förutsättning för bebyggelse och att så även kommer vara fallet för en lång tid framöver är odiskutabelt. För mer omfattande bebyggelse ska kunna ske idag krävs dock att marken är kopplad till såväl fysiska som juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaper. Saknas någon av dessa kommer marken normalt inte att bebyggas. Uppfylls samtliga egenskaper är det ändå inte heller säkert att marken bebyggs. Det krävs dessutom att marken har en ägare med intresse av att bebyggelsen faktiskt realiseras. Utöver marken i sig samt de fysiska, juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaperna är alltså markägandet av väsentlig betydelse. Förutom att ytterst avgöra om och när möjlig bebyggelse ska genomföras inbegriper ägandet av mark därtill potential att påverka lokalisering och utformning – d.v.s. i praktiken de juridiska och ekonomiska egenskaperna.

    Att fördelarna, eller snarare möjligheterna, med att äga mark sedan länge uppmärksammats från offentligt håll speglas bl.a. av det faktum att en stor del av dagens bebyggelse – i synnerhet avseende bostäder – går att härleda till kommunal mark. Det övergripande syftet med denna rapport är beskriva bakomliggande faktorer till denna koppling – eller analogt, framväxten av dagens förhållandevis omfattande kommunala markinnehav. Detta genom att belysa den kommunala markens funktion inom bebyggelseutvecklingen från 1900-talets början fram till idag.

    Framställningen bygger primärt på lagstiftning och finansiellt stöd som staten ställt till kommunernas förfogade för att leda bebyggelseutvecklingen och därtill stimulera ett planenligt genomförande. Till stora delar har de lagverktyg som utarbetats avsett begränsa privata markägares möjligheter att styra och påverka den – ur offentligt synvinkel – önskvärda bebyggelseutvecklingen. Det är således främst problem relaterade till mark i privat ägo som motiverat merparten av lagstiftningen. I föreliggande rapport diskuteras den kommunala markens funktion mot bakgrund av tre huvudsakliga problemområden:

    • Kontrollen över bebyggelsen – hur ska önskvärd bebyggelse säkerställas? 

    • Kontrollen över genomförandet av bebyggelsen – hur ska realisationen av önskvärd bebyggelse säkerställas? 

    • Kontrollen över markvärden och markvärdestegring – hur ska (negativa) effekter av höga markvärden och (oförtjänt) markvärdestegringar behandlas?

  • 14.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Municipal land allocations: integrating planning and selection of developers while transferring public land for housing in Sweden2015In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 257-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An essential component in all housing developments is suitable land. Besides being buildable, this implies land approved for housing in a marketable and consequently implementable location. Insufficient supply of suitable land to housing developers could affect the supply of housing. In Sweden, a lot of land appropriate for housing is owned—often since many years back—by municipalities and supplied to developers through the use of ‘land allocations’. A land allocation connects a developer and a municipality in a interdependency-based collaboration intended to jointly create an implementable development right, followed by a land transfer. Using semi-structured interviews and questionnaires reaching a total of 26 municipalities and 91 developers, the Swedish land allocation system is investigated; results are presented with emphasis on requirements put on developers, its interaction with the planning process and on the different methods used to select a certain developer. Additionally, the system is reviewed from a developer perspective and put in an international context. While many countries make use of public land for housing, the article shows that the Swedish land allocation system deviates in several aspects and in spite of its long history, there are undoubtedly features considered less well functioning from the developer’s point of view.

  • 15.
    Caesar, Carl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Municipal Landownership and Housing in Sweden: Exploring links, supply and possibilities2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis comprises a number of studies, all directed at different linkages between municipal landownership and housing in Sweden. In all, the thesis consists of four papers. Of these, initial Paper I targets the emergence of the municipal landownership that still today are of crucial importance for the Swedish housing market. The main functions of the municipal landownership from the beginning of the 20th century and up until present time are retrospectively investigated and its role within Swedish housing during different times is elaborated upon. Paper II thereafter redirects focus to present time solely, and studies the management of the municipal land from particularly a housing perspective. More concretely, the disposal procedure – or land allocation practice – of the municipal land aimed for housing is investigated empirically, based on current practice in more than 25 municipalities. Paper III builds on preceding Paper II, but with a narrowed focus to a fundamental sequence of the disposal procedure – namely the developer selection. Accordingly, four different assigning methods, all derived from municipal practice, are discerned and their individual strengths and weaknesses are systematically discussed. Lastly, Paper IV attempts to illuminate an often overlooked dimension of the municipal landownership – as a potential and powerful instrument to counter polarizations between different social-groups, within the built environment. Necessary prerequisites in order to enable this are presented and an empirical study investigates whether this, somewhat concealed, potential in the municipal landownership seems to be utilized in practice.

  • 16.
    Caesar, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Kopsch, Fredrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Municipal land allocations: a key for understanding tenure and social mix patterns in Stockholm2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A socially mixed population is a politically stated ambition in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. By providing a variety of tenure alternatives – i.e. rental and ownership housing – throughout all neighborhoods it is presumed this objective could be at least partially fulfilled. Since current tenure proportions display a weak balance in many neighborhoods it could consequently be assumed that governing politicians – by primarily utilizing Stockholm’s vast landownership and municipal housing developers – attempt to bridge observed gaps. Distribution of new rental- and ownership apartments in municipal land allocations should accordingly acknowledge the existing tenure composition in a neighborhood. Methodically this article focuses on all (nearly 50 000) apartments channeled through Stockholm’s land allocation system between the years of 2002 to 2012. After classification of all apartments based on tenure, location, year and developer (private or municipal) this information is merged with yearly housing stock characteristics for 128 neighborhoods. The outcome is a unique data set allowing for a statistical assessment of whether Stockholm’s tenure (and in extension social) mix ambition is reflected in practice, and moreover the role played by the municipality’s own housing developers. The present article thereto aims to highlight the crucial importance of landownership in every Swedish municipality with an aspiration to achieve or maintain a balanced tenure mix. While the findings indicate Stockholm is complying fairly well with its stated ambition, the results do reveal some contradicting signs. Looking beyond the tenure mix focus it could moreover be questioned whether Stockholm fully utilizes its (landownership) capacity to stimulate a socially mixed population – especially one capturing more than solely socio-economical aspects.

  • 17.
    Caesar, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law. Royal Inst Technol, KTH, Div Real Estate Planning & Land Law, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kopsch, Fredrik
    Lund Univ, Div Real Estate Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Municipal land allocations: a key for understanding tenure and social mix patterns in Stockholm2018In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 26, no 8, p. 1663-1681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A socially mixed population is a political ambition in Stockholm. By providing a mix of tenure alternatives throughout all neighbourhoods this objective could, at least partially, be fulfilled. Since current tenure proportions display a weak balance in many neighbourhoods it could be assumed that governing politicians - by primarily utilizing Stockholm's vast landownership and municipal housing developers - attempt to bridge observed gaps. Distribution of new rental and ownership apartments in municipal land allocations should acknowledge the existing tenure composition in a neighbourhood. Methodically this article focuses on all (nearly 50,000) apartments channelled through Stockholm's land allocation system between 2002 and 2012. After classification of all apartments based on tenure, location, year and developer (private or municipal) the information is merged with yearly housing stock characteristics for 128 neighbourhoods. The outcome is a unique data set allowing for statistical assessment of whether Stockholm's tenure (and in extension social) mix ambition is reflected in practice. The present article aims to highlight the crucial importance of landownership in Swedish municipalities with an aspiration to achieve or maintain a balanced tenure mix. While the findings indicate Stockholm is complying fairly well with its ambition, the results do reveal some contradicting signs.

  • 18. Cağdaş, Volkan
    et al.
    Stubkjær, Erik
    de Vries, Walter Timo
    van der Merwe, Cornelius
    Paasch, Jesper
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Schwery, Nadja
    Ploeger, Hendrik
    Işıkdağ, Űmit
    Kara, Abdullah
    Co-ownership shares in condominium - a comparison across jurisdictions and standards: long version2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19. Cağdaş, Volkan
    et al.
    Stubkjær, Erik
    de Vries, Walter Timo
    van der Merwe, Cornelius
    Paasch, Jesper
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Schwery, Nadja
    Ploeger, Hendrik
    Işıkdağ, Űmit
    Kara, Abdullah
    Co-ownership shares in condominium: a comparison across jurisdictions and standards2018In: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres / [ed] Peter van Oosterom and Dirk Dubbeling, Copenhagen: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) , 2018, p. 217-242Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Condominium is one of the prevalent forms of three- dimensional (3D) property rights (Paulsson, 2007, p. 32). The condominium concept common to a number of jurisdictions consists of three elements: (a) individual ownership of an apartment, (b) co-ownership (joint ownership) of the land and the common parts of the building, and (c) membership of an incorporated or unincorporated owners' association (van der Merwe, 2015, p. 5). The ownership shares of condominium unit owners in the common property are here referred to as co-ownership shares; yet, alternative terms include ownership fraction, condominium share, participation quota, share value, and unit entitlement. The co-ownership share determines the proportional contribution to the common expenses and the share of common profits, as well as the voting power of each condominium unit owner in the administration of the condominium. The most common approaches to the determination of the co-ownership shares are based on equality, relative size or relative value of each condominium unit, or a combination of such (van der Merwe, 1994, p. 57-58). The literature presents detailed descriptions and comparative analysis related to condominium systems in different jurisdictions (e.g. van der Merwe, 2016; 2015; Paulsson, 2007; EUI, 2005; UNECE, 2005); however, the technical and procedural aspects related to the allotment of co-ownership shares still need to be further investigated. This paper aims to compare methods and procedures applied for the allotment of co-ownership shares of condominium systems in the following seven jurisdictions; Denmark, Germany, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Turkey. Also, international geographic information standards are analyzed to assess the extent to which they facilitate allocation of co-ownership shares. The main purpose is to clarify the legal provisions and methodologies related to the determination of co-ownership shares in national condominium systems and bring new insights to countries, which are trying to revise their national provisions for fairer implementations.

  • 20.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Expropriation and Protection of Property: Contradiction or consistency? Some historical indications2018In: Opportunities and Constraints of Land Management in Local and Regional Development: Integrated Knowledge, Factors and Trade-offs / [ed] Erwin Hepperle et. al., vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich, 2018, p. 39-53Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Externa effekter och markanknutna rättigheter: Coase-teoremet och svensk fastighetsrätt2011Report (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Fastighetsbildning och fastighetsbestämning: Om fastighetsbildningslagen m.m.2016Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Fastighetsbildning och fastighetsbestämning: Om fastighetsbildningslagen m.m.2009Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Fastighetsbildning och fastighetsbestämning: Om fastighetsbildningslagen m.m.2012Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Fastighetssamverkan för utförande, drift och förvaltning av gemensamma anläggningar: Särskilt om anläggningslagen och lagen om förvaltning av samfälligheter2016 (ed. 3)Book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Fastighetssamverkan för utförande, drift och förvaltning av gemensamma anläggningar: Särskilt om anläggningslagen och lagen om förvaltning av samfälligheter2011 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Fastighetstekniska åtgärder vid plangenomförande2013Other (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Institutional Design for Public Decisions on Land Use Alterations, Acquisition of Property Rights, and Compensation: A Comparison of Nordic Legal Procedures2013In: Land Management: Potential, Problems and Stumbling Blocks / [ed] Erwin Hepperle et al., Zürich: vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich, 2013, p. 67-83Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Krav på väsentlighet, lönsamhet och utformning vid tvångsförvärv av mark och rättigheter: En analys av gällande skyddsvillkor2008In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, Vol. 93, no 8, p. 688-705Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Lagen om byggande av järnväg: En översikt2010Other (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Lagstiftning om ledningar: Särskilt om ledningsrättslagen2016 (ed. 3)Book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Lagstiftning om ledningar: Särskilt om ledningsrättslagen.2011 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Legala krav på väsentlighet, effektivitet och utformning vid tvångsförvärv av mark och rättigheter: En undersökning av gällande skyddsvillkor2008Report (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Mark- och fastighetsrättens utveckling i Sverige: En rättshistorisk orientering med betoning på fastighetsbildning och infrastruktur.2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Markens indelning i individuella, samfällda och allmänna rättigheter: Ett property rights perspektiv2008Report (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Private, Common, and Open Access Property Rights in Land: An Investigation of Economic Principles and Legislation2009In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877, E-ISSN 2341-6599, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 57-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to standard economic theory, private property rights in land are considered superior to alternative institutional choices, such as common property or open access.

    This article investigates the existence of differing property rights regimes in the field of Swedish real property law. The economic implications of the different institutional arrangements are examined, and support is found for varying property rights regimes, depending on physical and technical aspects of the land uses in question. In particular, when a certain land use presents economies of scale, common property rights can serve to reduce transaction costs.

  • 37.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Regelsystem för tvångsförvärv och infrastruktur: Några uppsatser inom speciell fastighetsrätt.2012Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Rätten att ansöka om ändrad markanvändning: En studie av rådighetskrav inom fastighetsrätten2009In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, Vol. 94, no 9, p. 929-945Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    The Choice between 3D Property Rights Alternatives: Economic Theory, Legal Provisions, and Case Studies2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyses the economic and legal choice between 3D property formation and other property rights alternatives to accommodate needs for multiple uses of and access to three-dimensionally defined spaces.

    An overview of 3D property rights alternatives in Sweden is presented, and a closer comparison made between easements and 3D property formation with regard to transaction costs. Two case studies show that the choice between different 3D property rights alternatives may in practice depend on features in completely different parts of the real property law system.

  • 40.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Towards a Theory of 3D Property Rights: With an Application to Nordic Legislation2011In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877, E-ISSN 2341-6599, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 65-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Väglagen: En översikt2010Other (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Vägrätt inom detaljplan: Utredning av rättsläge och upplåtelseform vid statlig väghållning2011Other (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Ändrad markanvändning - samordna planer och tillstånd: Förstudie till ett forskningsprojekt2017In: Bostad 2.0: En bostadsmarknad för alla / [ed] Maria Hullgren & Mats Wilhelmsson, Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2017, p. 159-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Översikt av fastighetsbildningslagstiftningen före FBL2007Other (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Kalbro, Thomas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Expropriation and Prejudicial Effects of Time-Consuming Planning Processes: The Sporrong-Lönnroth Case Revisited2011In: Core-Themes of Land Use Politics: Sustainability and Balance of Interests / [ed] Erwin Hepperle et al., Zürich: vdf Hochschulverlag AG and der ETH , 2011, p. 135-147Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Kalbro, Thomas
    KTH.
    Lind, Hans
    Lundgren, Berndt
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Fastighetsutveckling: Fastighetsekonomiska och fastighetsjuridiska frågor i samhällsbyggnadsprocessen.2015In: Samhällsbyggnadsprocessen: Kurskompendium 2015 / [ed] Peter Ekbäck, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Ekbäck, Peter
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Mattsson, HansKalbro, Thomas
    Fastighetsteknik: En antologi om markanknutna rättigheter.2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 48. El-Mekawy, M. S. A.
    et al.
    Paasch, J. M.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Integration of legal aspects in 3D cadastral systems2016In: 3D Printing: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice, IGI Global , 2016, p. 119-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article continues a research on the feasibility of BIM for 3D cadastre in unified building models, presented in El-Mekawy & Östman (2012). It describes problems and solutions concerning interaction between BIM and the registration and visualisation of legal 3D property information. BIM and legal 3D property are two seemingly different domains, and there is a lack of BIM-3D property research in relation to technical and registration issues. The article therefore focuses on possibilities and difficulties of addressing legal interests (i.e. rights, restrictions and responsibilities) in land. A Swedish case study is used to describe the use of 3D property formation and registration in Sweden, and how it might be possible to achieve a more integrated, standard based registration of legal boundaries and physical buildings. The results emphasize how BIM and 3D property domains can interact to serve the needs for effective information handling by e.g. importing 3D cadastral boundaries into BIM as basis for decision-making or to use BIM as input in the 3D cadastral formation process. 

  • 49. El-Mekawy, Mohamed
    et al.
    Paasch, Jesper
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Integration of 3D Cadastre, 3D Property Formation and BIM in Sweden2014In: Proceedings of the 4th International FIG 3D Cadastre Workshop, 9-11 November 2014, Dubai, UAE, 2014, p. 17-34Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50. El-Mekawy, Mohamed Sobaih Aly
    et al.
    Paasch, Jesper M.
    Paulsson, Jenny
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law.
    Integration of Legal Aspects in 3D Cadastral Systems2015In: International Journal of E-Planning Research, ISSN 2160-9918, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 47-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article continues a research on the feasibility of BIM for 3D cadastre in unified building models, presented in . It describes problems and solutions concerning interaction between BIM and the registration and visualisation of legal 3D property information. BIM and legal 3D property are two seemingly different domains, and there is a lack of BIM-3D property research in relation to technical and registration issues. The article therefore focuses on possibilities and difficulties of addressing legal interests (i.e. rights, restrictions and responsibilities) in land. A Swedish case study is used to describe the use of 3D property formation and registration in Sweden, and how it might be possible to achieve a more integrated, standard based registration of legal boundaries and physical buildings. The results emphasize how BIM and 3D property domains can interact to serve the needs for effective information handling by e.g. importing 3D cadastral boundaries into BIM as basis for decision-making or to use BIM as input in the 3D cadastral formation process.

12345 1 - 50 of 216
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