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  • 1.
    Agerstrand, Marlene
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Kuester, A.
    Bachmann, J.
    Breitholtz, M.
    Ebert, I.
    Rechenberg, B.
    Ruden, Christina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Reporting and evaluation criteria as means towards a transparent use of ecotoxicity data for environmental risk assessment of pharmaceuticals2011In: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 159, no 10, p. 2487-2492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecotoxicity data with high reliability and relevance are needed to guarantee the scientific quality of environmental risk assessments of pharmaceuticals. The main advantages of a more structured approach to data evaluation include increased transparency and predictability of the risk assessment process, and the possibility to use non-standard data. In this collaboration, between the research project MistraPharma and the German Federal Environment Agency, a new set of reporting and evaluation criteria is presented and discussed. The new criteria are based on the approaches in the literature and the OECD reporting requirements, and have been further developed to include both reliability and relevance of test data. Intended users are risk assessors and researchers performing ecotoxicological experiments, but the criteria can also be used for education purposes and in the peer-review process for scientific papers. This approach intends to bridge the gap between the regulator and the scientist's needs and way of work.

  • 2.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Personal Autonomy and Informed Consent: Conceptual and Normative Analyses2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is comprised of a “kappa” and two articles. The kappa includes an account of personal autonomy and informed consent, an explanation of how the concepts and articles relate to each other, and a summary in Swedish.

    Article 1 treats one problem with the argument that a patient’s consent to treatment is valid only if it is authentic, i.e., if it is “genuine,” “truly her own,” “not out of character,” or similar. As interventions with a patient’s life and liberties must be justified, the argument presupposes that the authenticity of desires can be reliably determined. If the status of a desire in terms of authenticity cannot be reliably determined, discarding the desire-holder’s treatment decision on the basis that it is inauthentic is morally unjustified. In the article, I argue that no theory of authenticity that is present in the relevant literature can render reliably observable consequences. Therefore, the concept of authenticity, as it is understood in those theories, should not be part of informed consent practices.

    Article 2 discusses the problem of what it is to consent or refuse voluntarily. In it, I argue that voluntariness should be more narrowly understood than what is common. My main point is that a conceptualization of voluntariness should be agent-centered, i.e., take into account the agent’s view of her actions. Among other things, I argue that an action is non-voluntary only if the agent thinks of it as such when being coerced. This notion, which at first look may seem uncontroversial, entails the counterintuitive conclusion that an action can be voluntary although the agent has been manipulated or coerced into doing it. In defense of the notion, I argue that if the agent’s point of view is not considered accordingly, describing her actions as non-voluntary can be alien to how she leads her life. There are other moral concepts available to describe what is wrong with manipulation and coercion, i.e., to make sense of the counterintuitive conclusion. Voluntariness should be reserved to fewer cases than what is commonly assumed.

  • 3.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Reflective Equilibrium DefendedManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reflective equilibrium is a method of justification in ethics. In this essay, I account for an argument against reflective equilibrium put forth by Theo van Willigenburg from a position of (weak) foundationalism. I attempt to demonstrate why it is flawed and how reflective equilibrium as a method of justification can withstand the foundationalist critique.

  • 4.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The Ethics of Immigration2015In: Theoria, ISSN 0040-5825, E-ISSN 1755-2567, Vol. 81, no 4, p. 380-384Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Toward an Agent-Centered Theory of VoluntarinessManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of voluntariness is central to informed consent and personal autonomy, yet it has been underexplored by bioethicists. There are various theories intended to explain voluntary choice and action. None is fully agent-centered, in the sense that the conceptualization of voluntariness takes into account the agent’s views of her decisions and actions. An agent-centered theory of voluntariness would promote analytical precision, and foster autonomy in healthcare and research practices. According to the most influential bioethical theory of voluntariness, here called the Voluntariness as Control theory, an action is non-voluntary if the agent is controlled by external influences. The theory is critically discussed from an agent-centered perspective, and a new conceptualization of voluntariness is proposed.

  • 6.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    What Justifies Judgments of Inauthenticity?2018In: HEC Forum, ISSN 0956-2737, E-ISSN 1572-8498Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of authenticity, i.e., being “genuine,” “real,” or “true to oneself,” is sometimes held as critical to a person’s autonomy, so that inauthenticity prevents the person from making autonomous decisions or leading an autonomous life. It has been pointed out that authenticity is difficult to observe in others. Therefore, judgments of inauthenticity have been found inadequate to underpin paternalistic interventions, among other things. This article delineates what justifies judgments of inauthenticity. It is argued that for persons who wish to live according to the prevailing social and moral standards and desires that are seriously undesirable according to those standards, it is justified to judge that a desire is inauthentic to the extent that it is due to causal factors that are alien to the person and to the extent that it deviates from the person’s practical identity. The article contributes to a tradition of thinking about authenticity which is known mainly from Frankfurt and Dworkin, and bridges the gap between theoretical ideals of authenticity and real authenticity-related problems in practical biomedical settings.

  • 7.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fossil Capital: the rise of steam power and the roots of global warming2016In: The EcologistArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Poland on fire: voices from the provinces2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Polen – ett land som står i brand2017In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Solidarity according to Polish women in 20172017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Allen, Irma
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Så kan ångmaskinerna lära oss att förstå klimatförändringarna2016In: Dagens NyheterArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Allen, Irma
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Kaijser, Anna
    Vem ska offras för kolet?2016In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13. Alymov, S. S.
    et al.
    Anderson, D. G.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Life histories of the Etnos concept in eurasia: An introduction2018In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 21-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is an abridged version of the first chapter in the edited volume A Theory for Empire Written on Its Margins. It presents an account of more than 150 years of what the authors identify as “etnos-thinking” - the attempt to use positivistic and rational scientific methodologies to describe, encapsulate, evaluate, and rank “etnoses” across Eurasia. Its central argument is that the work of professional ethnographers created a powerful language parallel to the political vocabulary of “tribes”, “nationalities”, and “nations.” The essay surveys the definitions of etnos offered by scholars during the twentieth century, and argues that historically etnos-thinking emerged and developed in the multidisciplinary scientific environment of “biosocial” science - an approach to identity heavily influenced by physical anthropology and natural sciences. The biosocial synthesis - and etnos-thinking - was incompatible with Soviet Marxism of the 1930s, but had a piecemeal revival in the 1960s. The article claims that etnos-thinking acquired new dynamism in post-Soviet Russia. Although leading academic anthropologists criticize the concept, it remains high on the agenda for many intellectuals and ethnic activists in the twenty-first century.

  • 14.
    Alymov, Sergei S.
    et al.
    Russian Acad Sci, Inst Ethnol & Anthropol, Sci Hist, Moscow, Russia.;Russian Acad Sci, Inst Ethnol & Anthropol, Moscow, Russia..
    Anderson, David G.
    Univ Aberdeen, Dept Anthropol, Chair Anthropol North, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Life histories of the etnos concept in Eurasia: an introduction2018In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 21-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is an abridged version of the first chapter in the edited volume A Theory for Empire Written on Its Margins. It presents an account of more than 150 years of what the authors identify as "etnos-thinking" - the attempt to use positivistic and rational scientific methodologies to describe, encapsulate, evaluate, and rank "etnoses" across Eurasia. Its central argument is that the work of professional ethnographers created a powerful language parallel to the political vocabulary of "tribes," "nationalities," and "nations." The essay surveys the definitions of etnos offered by scholars during the twentieth century, and argues that historically etnos-thinking emerged and developed in the multidisciplinary scientific environment of "biosocial" science - an approach to identity heavily influenced by physical anthropology and natural sciences. The biosocial synthesis - and etnos-thinking - was incompatible with Soviet Marxism of the 1930s, but had a piecemeal revival in the 1960s. The article claims that etnos-thinking acquired new dynamism in post-Soviet Russia. Although leading academic anthropologists criticize the concept, it remains high on the agenda for many intellectuals and ethnic activists in the twenty-first century.

  • 15. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Construction of the Soviet Ethnography and “The Peoples of Siberia"2016In: History and Anthropology, ISSN 0275-7206, E-ISSN 1477-2612, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 183-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-generation book project "The Peoples of Siberia" enabled a group of Leningrad-based scholars to reshape their museum into a Soviet ethnographic community. This article analyses the face-to-face performances, the legalistic stenographic documentation, the collective crafting of a single authoritative style, and a unique temporal frame as an important background to understand a hallmark volume in Siberian studies. The authors argue that the published volume indexes nearly thirty years of scholarly debates as much as it indexes the peoples it represents. The article concludes with a critical discussion of how this volume was translated and received by a Euro-American readership influencing the perception of Siberian peoples internationally. It also links the volume to contemporary post-Soviet publication projects which seem to retrace the same path. The article is based on extensive archival work and references collections recently discovered and which are presented for publication here for the first time.

  • 16. Anderson, P. M. L.
    et al.
    Avlonitis, G.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Cape Town.
    Ecological outcomes of civic and expert-led urban greening projects using indigenous plant species in Cape Town, South Africa2014In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 127, p. 104-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parks and private and public gardens do not exist in isolation, but form part of the urban fabric, contributing to ecological functioning. There is growing interest in how civil society shapes urban ecologies and vegetation patterns. This paper explores the ecological outcomes of a series of indigenous plant greening interventions in Cape Town. The six different sites were sampled: two civic-led intervention sites, one expert-led rehabilitation site, two conservation sites and one abandoned site. These sites are compared in terms of their plant and insect diversity and then discussed in relation to their contingent management arrangements and in relation to conservation and abandoned land. Plant and insect diversity measured at the civic-led greening intervention sites suggest these sites are similar to adjacent conservation sites, while floristic composition differs. The inclusion of a vacant lot with poor species and growth form diversity shows the significant role of intervention in the ecological reformation of urban green space. By emphasizing the ecological outcomes, this study highlights the importance of civil society in linking conservation goals to more broad-based notions of quality of life and the 'good and just city'. Our results indicate that civic-led efforts warrant attention in keeping with those of experts, both in relation to meeting indigenous conservation targets, as well as supporting functional groups and wider ecological processes, with the acknowledged exception of fire. How to integrate such civic-led interventions into urban biodiversity management planning is still an open question.

  • 17. Andersson, C
    et al.
    Authén, S
    Holmberg, Jan-Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Increased user-friendliness and transparency in PSA models: Phase 1. Pre-study2010Report (Other academic)
  • 18. Andersson-Schwarz, Jonas
    et al.
    Christensen, Christian
    Eellend, Beate
    Hadley Kamptz, Isobel
    Karlgren, Jussi
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS.
    Thorslund, Ewa
    Wormbs, Nina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Transaktionsdimman på nätet hotar digitaliseringen2017In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    På nätet är vi inte längre bara medborgare eller kunder. Vi är också varor. De data vi läm-nar ut om oss själva är vad andra tjänar pengar på. Men vi vet inte vad de är värda ochvad vi skulle kunna begära i betalning. Transaktionsdimman på internet bör skingrasoch ersättas av transaktionstransparens, skriver sju medie- och it-debattörer.

  • 19.
    Angere, Staffan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    The defeasible nature of coherentist justification2007In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 157, no 3, p. 321-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impossibility results of Bovens and Hartmann (2003, Bayesian epistemology. Oxford: Clarendon Press) and Olsson (2005, Against coherence: Truth, probability and justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.) show that the link between coherence and probability is not as strong as some have supposed. This paper is an attempt to bring out a way in which coherence reasoning nevertheless can be justified, based on the idea that, even if it does not provide an infallible guide to probability, it can give us an indication thereof. It is further shown that this actually is the case, for several of the coherence measures discussed in the literature so far. We also discuss how this affects the possibility to use coherence as a means of epistemic justification.

  • 20.
    Antonsson, Hans
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Gullberg, Anders
    Beser Hugosson, Muriel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, System Analysis and Economics.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    Nelldal, Bo-Lennart
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nu finns chansen att riva upp beslutet om förbifarten2014In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 2014-09-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Antonsson, Hans
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Gullberg, Anders
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Kaijser, Arne
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Mattsson, Lars-Göran
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering.
    Nelldal, Bo-Lennart
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Elbilar och förnybara bränslen räcker inte.2014In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Appelblad Fredby, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nilsson, David
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    From "All for some" to "Some for all"?: A historical geography of pro-poor water provision in Kampala2013In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, ISSN 1753-1055, E-ISSN 1753-1063, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 40-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the historical mechanisms and geographical factors that have formed the current structure of urban water provision in Kampala, the capital of Uganda. The formation of the urban geography of Kampala dates back to the early colonial period. The high- and middle-income earners have settled on the hills while the poorest part of the population lives in the low-lying areas, dispersed as pockets of unplanned and informal settlements. Public services are underdeveloped in these informal pockets. The government has pledged to improve services for the poor and this article analyses whether the efforts made are likely to lead to a lasting change, seen in a longer time perspective. The public water supply in Kampala has ever since its opening in 1930 focused on the middle- and high-income groups while poor people have been marginalised. Water provision to low-income groups has continued to rely on standpipes since the colonial period. There has also been organisational continuity, with a single centralised organisation in charge of urban water supply in all larger towns. Institutional changes, such as the new connection policy from 2004, have perpetuated the emphasis on middle- and high-income groups. This article argues that the traditional focus on private connections is creating a barrier for expansion of services in informal areas. Pre-paid water distribution, which was tried already in the 1920s, has in recent years seen a revival. This technology offers an important avenue for rectifying inequalities of public services that has been reproduced since the colonial period.

  • 23. Arlov, Thor Bjørn
    et al.
    Avango, Dag
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reymert, Per Kyrre
    Gradmålingsstasjonen i Sorgfjorden: en kulturhistorisk dokumentasjon2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapport från arkeologisk fältforskning vid Sorgfjorden, Svalbard, Juli 2017. Rapporten innehåller en dokumentation av lämningar från den svensk-ryska gradmätningsexpeditionen 1898-1902 i form av kartor, foto och textbeskrivningar. Arkeologisk fältdata finns tillgänlig hos Sysselmannen på Svalbard.

  • 24.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An Environemntal historian among activists. The political, the personal, and a project of guerrilla narrative2018In: Italy and the environmental humanities / [ed] Serenella Iovino, Enrico Cesaretti, Elena Past, University of Virginia Press, 2018, p. 163-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An environmental historian among activists and other tales2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Andrew Denning. Skiing into Modernity: A Cultural and Environmental History2016In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 121, no 3, p. 1017-1018Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Confessions of an Enthusiastic Chair2017In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, p. vii-xiArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Dal mondo all'Italia: Andata e ritorno2015In: Ambientalismi, Torino: Linaria , 2015, p. 229-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental history between institutionalization and revolution: A short commentary with two sites and one experiment2016In: Environmental humanities. Voices from the Anthropocene / [ed] Serenella Iovino and Serpil Opperman, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016, p. 45-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Environmental Justice from the US to the world2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Fronitere. passaggi sulle Alpi.2017In: Ambientare. idee, saperi, pratiche / [ed] Lia Zola, Milano: Edizioni Franco Angeli, 2017, p. 17-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Garbage under the volcano: The waste crisis in Campania and the struggles for environmental justice2014In: A History of Environmentalism: Local Struggles, global histories / [ed] Marco Armiero - Lise Sedrez, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    I saperi estremi della natura2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Is there an indigenous knowledge in the urban North?: Re/inventing local knowledge and communities in the struggles overgarbage and incinerators in Campania, Italy2014In: Estudos de Sociologia, ISSN 1415-000X, Vol. 1, no 20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the narratives about environmental struggles over garbage facilities in Campania, Italy, a region which, in the last decades, has become the worldwide icon of the failure in the management of its own metabolism. In particular I analyze the narratives about the activists involved in the struggles and their creative interaction with scientific knowledge. My thesis is that ecological conflicts--at least in this specific case--have been producers of communities and knowledges. Instead of reinforcing the narrative about “natural” communities living in a space of radically otherness and oppressed by global villains, I would like to explore the interstitial South, mixed with the North and its science and contradictions. Using a collection of interviews and some grassroots documentaries about the crisis and the mobilization, I analyze the rising of a collective knowledge and the making of communities through the very experience of resistance to the governmentality plan of waste disposal.

  • 35.
    Armiero, Marco
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Migrants and the making of the American landscape2017In: Environmental History of Modern Migrations / [ed] Marco Armiero and Richard Tucker, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 53-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I will explore how migrants have adapted, fought with, and reshaped the environment they moved into, changing themselves and nature at the same time. Their tools, skills, knowledge, even their ethnic identities and solidarity, interacted with the local natural resources. Immigrants have looked at nature with different eyes; sometimes they saw natural resources where others could not see anything (for instance, in the case of urban commons); they adapted themselves or fought against the landscape they arrived in (as in the case of Southern plantations in the Mississippi Delta or the making of California’s agricultural landscape); their bodies became part of the capitalistic ecologies of industrial and mining production transforming both the external and the internal nature. While in the classical narrative pioneers entered, settled, and coped with a natural environment they heroically tamed, in this chapter I argue that immigrants’ environments were never only “natural.” Those were racialized landscapes, where class, law, and property rights were influential at least as much as soil, climate, viruses, or wild animals. Therefore, rather than speaking of how immigrants shaped or adapted to the “natural” environment, it seems more appropriate to analyze the metabolic relationships between immigrants and the socionatures in which they settled. I will do so employing several examples from the history of various immigrants’ groups, especially Italians, in the United States.

  • 36.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of Ghosts, Waste and the Anthropocene2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Of the Titanic, the Bounty, and Other Shipwrecks2015In: Intervalla, ISSN 2296-3413, Vol. 3, p. 50-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The metaphor of the ship has always been extremely powerful in the global narrative about the common fate of planet Earth. The famous image of the Blue Marble was instrumental in the construction of the imaginary of the planet as a spaceship roaming in the universe. The ship evokes the idea of both finiteness and unity. In many languages "to be in the same boat" means to share the same destiny, thereby, to collaborate in order to operate the ship. The corollary of that metaphor is the existence of the open ocean, that is, of a risky space in which the ship and its crew are navigating. I will discuss about what these metaphors say - and hide - about the ecological crisis, or the the collapse of modern civilization using the key concept of this workshop.

  • 38.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Ribelli: Naturalmente2015In: La contestazione ecologica. Storia, cronache e narrazioni, Napoli: La scuola di Pitagora , 2015, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Teresa e le altre: Storie di donne nella Terra dei Fuochi2014Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [it]

    Sono vent’anni che la Campania è sommersa dai rifiuti. Una politica corrotta o incapace, poteri criminali e interessi economici hanno determinato un disastro ecologico di enormi proporzioni. Si è scelta una comunità «debole» per trasformarla nella discarica finale di ogni scarto. Ma la convinzione che quella comunità sarebbe rimasta apatica si è rivelata sbagliata. Si è formata, invece, una comunità resistente capace di battersi per la giustizia ambientale, di proporre soluzioni alternative, di gridare le sue ragioni. In Campania sono le donne a svolgere un ruolo di primo piano. Questo libro racconta le storie di alcune di loro nella convinzione che costruire la memoria significa lottare contro la fine della storia e il ricatto di un presente senza alternative. Raccontare le storie di Teresa e le altre è un antidoto potente, un tassello di una resistenza collettiva, un progetto di guerrilla narrative. Perché la resistenza ha bisogno di voci e di reti. Sulla munnezza campana si sono scritte enciclopedie, trattati scientifici, resoconti giornalistici, persino pièce teatrali. Questo libro vuole fare altro. Tanto per cominciare, si ispira allo slogan del movimento americano della giustizia ambientale: "we speak for ourselves", che qui non significa solo che attivisti e attiviste parlano in prima persona ma rimanda anche al carattere "narrativo" del movimento, alla volontà di sfidare il sistema che ha prodotto ingiustizia con la forza del raccontare. Scrive Marco Armiero nella sua introduzione al volume: «Io mi sono messo a cercare l’ingiustizia, ovvero ho provato a legge- re questa vicenda campana non tanto come una storia di inefficienze, di corruzione, di camorra, ma come una storia che mette a nudo le asimmetrie del potere, il sistematico scegliere comunità marginali, spesso già contaminate, come «zone di sacrificio» destinate ad accogliere ciò che nessuno vuole».

  • 40.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Summits of Modern Man: Mountaineering after the Enlightenment2014In: American Historical Review, ISSN 0002-8762, E-ISSN 1937-5239, Vol. 119, no 4, p. 1347-1348Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Armiero, Marco
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wars in environmental history2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anternini, Luca
    Ambientalisti indisciplinati: il ruolo dell’ecologia politica nell’Antropocene2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Barca, Stefania
    Univ Coimbra, Ctr Estudios Sociais, Praca Dom Dinis, Coimbra, Portugal..
    Colarizi, Simona
    Sapienza Univ Roma, Dipartimento Comunicaz & Ric Sociale, Via Salaria 113, Rome, Italy..
    Serneri, Simone Neri
    Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Sci Polit & Sociali, Via Pandette 32, Florence, Italy..
    Cavazza, Stefano
    Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Arti, Via Barberia 4, Bologna, Italy..
    Political History and Environmental History in Italy2018In: Ricerche di Storia Politica, ISSN 1120-9526, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental history has grown greatly in various countries, in the last years, and has penetrated in Italy, too. At the same time, it remains in many ways a small sector, while political history, for its part, seems to be untouched by it, despite the relevance of the environment in political discourse. The forum, which closes this special issue on the relationship between politics and the environment, and involves both environmental and political historians, intends to give a contribution to the debate on the nature and fate of political and, more generally, contemporary history.

  • 44.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Biasillo, Roberta
    University of Bari, Italy.
    Seeing the nation for the trees: at the frontier of the Italian nineteenth century modernity2018In: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 497-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse the emergence and the transformation of three different socio-natural spaces in a particular historical context – that is, the establishment of a modern state. We explore this issue by researching the relationship between forests and modernisation from Unification in 1861 to the 1890s. Over this period Italy experienced a radical change connected with the state-building process, and forests represented a material place where innovations in social and economic development were tested. Based on three case studies, this article explores how modernity was articulated through urban parks, ironworks, and infrastructures. The three cases speak of both depletion and conservation; they exemplify the patterns through which, in the very making of modernity, Italian society articulated its relationship to nature in an attempt to overcome customary rights and the traditional rural organisation of society. Forests were constructed as socio-ecological spaces reflecting Italy’s contested and heterogeneous modernisation process through which political tensions, social conflicts and economic development theories were inscribed on transformed landscapes.

  • 45.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    D'Alisa, Giacomo
    Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain .
    Rights of Resistance: The Garbage Struggles for Environmental Justice in Campania, Italy2012In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 52-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    D'Alisa, GiacomoAutonomous University Barcelona, Spain .
    Trash. Waste Struggles In Campania, Italy2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    D'Alisa, Giacomo
    Autonomous University Barcelona, Spain.
    Voices, Clues, Numbers: Roaming Among Waste in Campania2013In: Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, ISSN 1045-5752, E-ISSN 1548-3290, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 7-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Dawson, Ashley
    Turhan, Ethemcan
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Poor, the Rich and the Immigrant2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    De Angelis, Massimo
    University of east London .
    Anthropocene: Victims, Narrators, and Revolutionaries2017In: The South Atlantic Quarterly, ISSN 0038-2876, E-ISSN 1527-8026, South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol. 116, no 2, p. 345-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The absence of a reflection on revolutionary practices and subjects is the main weakness of the radical critique of the Anthropocene. The risk is to envision the Anthropocene as a space for villains and victims but not for revolutionaries. It is crucial to challenge the (in)visibility and (un)knowability of the Anthropocene beyond geological strata and planetary boundaries. As the Capitalocene, the Anthropocene has left its traces in the bodies of people upon which the new epoch has been created. The traces of the Capitalocene are not only in geological strata but also in the biological and genetic strata of human bodies; exploitation, subordination, and inequalities are inscribed into the human body and experienced, visible and knowable by subalterns without the mediation of—many times actually in opposition to—mainstream scientific knowledge. This essay inflects the concept of Capitalocene with what we call Wasteocene, to stress the contaminating nature of capitalism and its perdurance within the sociobiological fabric, its accumulation of externalities inside both the human and the earth's body. The essay envisions the Wasteocene as a feature of the Capitalocene, especially adapted to demystify the mainstream narratives of the Anthropocene. To enhance these arguments, the essay builds on the findings of the Environmental Justice Organisations, Liabilities and Trade (EJOLT) atlas of environmental conflicts and on in-depth research on the struggles against toxic contamination in Campania, Italy.

  • 50.
    Armiero, Marco
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    De Rosa, S. P.
    Political effluvia: Smells, revelations, and the politicization of daily experience in Naples, Italy2016In: Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research, Taylor & Francis, 2016, p. 173-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
1234567 1 - 50 of 1675
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