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  • 1. Bian, D.
    et al.
    Kuzlu, M.
    Pipattanasomporn, M.
    Rahman, S.
    Wu, Yiming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Real-time Co-simulation Platform using OPAL-RT and OPNET for Analyzing Smart Grid Performance2015In: 2015 IEEE POWER & ENERGY SOCIETY GENERAL MEETING, IEEE , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to present a real-time co-simulation platform for analyzing electric power grid operation, taking into account integrated communication systems. This paper discusses how a co-simulation platform can be set up using OPNET and OPAL-RT as communication and power system simulators, respectively. A simplified distribution automation case study is demonstrated to show how the cosimulation platform can be used to analyze performance of the smart grid operation in real-time.

  • 2.
    Chenine, Moustafa
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Ullberg, Johan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Wu, Yiming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Ericsson, Göran
    Swedish National Grid (Svenska Kraftnät), Sundbyberg, Sweden.
    A Framework for Wide-Area Monitoring and Control Systems Interoperability and Cybersecurity Analysis2014In: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, ISSN 0885-8977, E-ISSN 1937-4208, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 633-641Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wide-area monitoring and control (WAMC) systems are the next-generation operational-management systems for electric power systems. The main purpose of such systems is to provide high resolution real-time situational awareness in order to improve the operation of the power system by detecting and responding to fast evolving phenomenon in power systems. From an information and communication technology (ICT) perspective, the nonfunctional qualities of these systems are increasingly becoming important and there is a need to evaluate and analyze the factors that impact these nonfunctional qualities. Enterprise architecture methods, which capture properties of ICT systems in architecture models and use these models as a basis for analysis and decision making, are a promising approach to meet these challenges. This paper presents a quantitative architecture analysis method for the study of WAMC ICT architectures focusing primarily on the inter-operability and cybersecurity aspects.

  • 3.
    Honeth, Nicholas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Yiming, Wu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Etherden, Nicholas
    STRI AB.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Application of the IEC 61850-7-420 data model on a hybrid renewable energy system2011In: 2011 IEEE PES Trondheim PowerTech: The Power of Technology for a Sustainable Society, POWERTECH 2011, Trondheim, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IEC 61850 is the most promising standard for design of substation communication and automation systems. Recent revisions of the standard include support for modeling, and control of Distributed Energy Resources (DER). This paper presents an application of the IEC 61850-7-420 data model for DER in the implementation of a control and energy management system for a Hybrid Renewable Energy System (HRES). These systems are beginning to prove their usefulness in providing deployable electrical supply in locations where no such supply exists as well as for backup power or power quality related support functions. The motivation for applying the standard to the design process is twofold; to modularize the design according to an accepted international standard and to design for interoperability with other IEC 61850 enabled devices and SCADA systems.

  • 4.
    Nordström, Lars
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Zhu, Kun
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Wu, Yiming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    A Multi-Disciplinary Course Portfolio on Computer Applications in Power Systems2014In: IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, ISSN 0885-8950, E-ISSN 1558-0679, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 1919-1927Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to the new requirements posed by the shift towards Smartgrids, there have been many initiatives worldwide to develop and update power engineering education curricula. This paper reports efforts to develop courses with the purpose to cross the gap between the disciplines of power engineering and information communication technology at KTH-the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The course portfolio is engineered to complement several master programs offered by the university, and the intended audience are students and practitioners both with and without the power engineering background. This paper primarily focuses on details of a keystone course, Computer Applications in Power Systems, and its connection with the other courses in the portfolio. To prove the popularity and relevance of the reported course portfolio, increasingly positive feedback from students, recognition from industry partners, and accomplishments in terms of meeting several strategic goals in education set by the IEEE Power & Energy Society are also reported by this paper.

  • 5.
    Saleem, Arshad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Honeth, Nicholas
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Wu, Yiming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Integrated multi-agent testbed for decentralized control of active distribution networks2013In: 2013 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PES), IEEE , 2013, p. 6672479-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the development of a testbed for multi-agent based decentralized control of active distribution networks. The testbed takes into account new challenges in electric power system such as de-regulation, de-centralization, introduction of new actors, increased communication and standardization of data models and exchange. It serves the purpose of design, testing and verification of agent based distributed control and automation application development for research and education. Special considerations have been given to multi-vendor industrial compliance and standardization, e.g. IEC 61850, in the development of the testbed. The paper describes motivation for development of the platform, its architecture, components and examples of case studies that are using this testbed.

  • 6.
    Saleem, Arshad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Wu, Yiming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Agent based real-time decision making in Active Distribution Networks using IEC61850 based functional ontology2013In: Intelligent System Applications to Power System ISAP 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Babazadeh, Davood
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Stateful Data Delivery Service for Wide Area Monitoring and Control Applications2014In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, 2014, p. 768-773Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent Information and Communication Technology (ICT) advances have enabled power system applications using measurement signals across the Wide Area Network (WAN). The application control performance relies on the quality of data delivery service. However, the characteristics of Quality of Service (QoS), such as latency, packet loss, and packet jitter, are unavoidable. It is a trend to take QoS metric requirement into the consideration of controller design. But, how to ensure the application receiving the data within the designed tolerant range is another challenge. This paper presents ongoing work on a novel Stateful Data Delivery Service (SDDS) for power system application to address the challenge from the side of the communication infrastructure. The SDDS monitors the QoS performance on-line and identifies the signals which satisfy the requirement for the application to use. As a proof of concept, a Power Oscillation Damping (POD) controller is connected to the SDDS. The result shows the improvement in robustness of the POD controller by application of the SDDS. The paper also shows the feasibility of applying SDDS to WAC applications.

  • 8.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Honeth, Nicholas
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Shi, Zhanpeng
    ABB AB, Substn Automat Prod, Vasteras, Sweden.
    Software Merging Unit based IED Functional Test Platform2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Substation Automation Systems, application functions such as monitoring, control, and protection are deployed in intelligent electronic devices (IEDs). Before the IEDs are installed in the substation, functions are tested by the manufactures to ensure that the functions operate properly as designed. A conventional function test platform is made of amplifiers with copper wire connection to the IEDs. It has drawbacks such as high cost, limited flexibility, and limited number of signal channels. With the introduction of the IEC61850 standard, IEDs are able to obtain measurement from merging units (MU) via the process bus. Consequently, using MUs to replace the amplifier for IED function testing has been studied by several research groups. All of them use hardware MUs or power system simulator embedded MUs. These MUs based test platforms have weakness such as limitation of the number of MUs and lower flexibility in MU performance modification, This paper proposes a novel IED functional test platform using software MU (sMU), which mitigates the above limitations. Thanks to the software approach, different MU performance scenarios can be easily configured instead of using a complicated communications simulator. The sMU based test platform concept has been proved by performing accuracy and operate-time tests with transformer differential protection. Comparing with conventional test platform, sMU based test platform has better results in the accuracy tests and similar performance in the operate-time tests. Therefore, it is feasible to use sMU based platform for IED functional tests.

  • 9.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electric power and energy systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electric power and energy systems.
    Adaptive data link configuration for WAMC applications using a Stateful Data Delivery Service platform2016In: Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, ISSN 0284-4354, E-ISSN 2352-4677, Vol. 6, p. 166-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wide Area Monitoring and Control (WAMC) applications provide, among other things, stability control to power systems by using global measurements. However, these measurements suffer unavoidable Quality of Service (QoS) problems, such as delay, during the transmission through a wide area communication network. Such delays potentially lead to failure of the control application. To overcome these effects, mechanisms that provide robustness to QoS problems for control applications and configuration of communication networks to optimize QoS performance have been proposed by several researchers. To optimize utilization of the communication infrastructure and to adapt to variations in QoS, applications can benefit from an interface to request and obtain QoS information from a managed communication infrastructure. To meet this need, a novel Stateful Data Delivery Service (SDDS) for WAMC applications is proposed in this paper. The SDDS monitors the QoS performance online and provides feedback to one or more WAMC applications. To increase reliability of the applications, the SDDS also provides adaptive data link configuration services. By using online QoS measurements and multiple data sources, the SDDS platform can provide a WAMC application with data fulfilling its requirements. To prove the concept, a case study has been performed and the results of this study show that the application using the SDDS can keep a benchmark power system stable even when original data link QoS performance does not meet the application's requirements. The paper also contains a presentation of the SDDS prototype platform under development as a part of the ongoing research.

  • 10.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Saleem, Arshad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Zhu, Kun
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Honeth, Nicholas
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Armendariz, Mikel
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Perspectives on Peer-to-Peer Data Delivery Architectures for Next Generation Power Systems2013In: Smart Grid Management, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and aggregation of equipment bring in new perspectives in terms of the increasing number of data users. It also brings new data delivery requirements which are difficult to be met by the legacy systems. Off-the-shelf standards and communication technologies are the enablers to push current data delivery solutions to a new level. At this level this new data delivery system can fulfill Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of next generation power system. This paper proposes a comprehensive architecture of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) based overlay-control data delivery system covering all levels of data delivery. The core technology of such an architecture lays on the Intelligent Substation Gateway (ISG), which is employed to provide data delivery service to meet the QoS requirements. Proposed data delivery system brings advantages as autonomy, flexibility, scalability, and efficient to the power system.

  • 11.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Saleem, Arshad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Honeth, Nicholas
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    IEC61850 Interface based Multi-agent Distribution Networks Operation and Control Architecture2013In: Smart Grid Infrastructure, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern Active Distribution Networks (ADN) are of distributed nature in their operation and control. Multi-agent systems (MAS) have several inherent characteristics which motivate a significant interest in their application in control and automation of ADN. Interoperability is an important consideration for both communication between agents as well as for agent to power system equipment. This paper proposes an IEC61850 interface based multiagent system architecture for distribution network operation and control. A case study is also performed to prove the proposed concept.

  • 12.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Saleem, Arshad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    IEC61850 Logical Node Lookup Service Using Distributed Hash Tables2014In: 2014 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2014, IEEE Computer Society, 2014, p. 6816443-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) increases the communication capability of equipment in power system and also creates large number of data sources. In order to reliably share these data sources with applications is a new challenge for power system. This paper presents an alternate data delivery system solution using IEC61850 standard Manufactory Messaging Specification (MMS) across wide area networks, utilizing Distributed Hash Table (DHT) for look-up of Logical Nodes addresses.  Result of the proposed scheme is a flexible, autonomous, scalable, and robust method to address Logical Nodes across a Wide Area Network. In comparison with IEC61850-90-2 solution, this solution can help reduce the manual work in configuration of each link, and enables greater flexibility for adding new data points. The presented platform also opens door of providing adaptive data acquisition for power system applications by implementing a filtering function in the ISG.

  • 13.
    Wu, Yiming
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Zhu, Kun
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Chenine, Moustafa
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Framework incorporating synchronized phasor data for power system operation and control2012In: The 9th IET International Conference on Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management, Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2012, Vol. 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper presents initial research and investigation on a unified framework combining two independent systems, the legacy SCADA system and the synchronized phasor data system, that share the same measurement sources, i.e., current and voltage transducers and the same communication medium. In this framework, conventional SCADA system coupled with substation automation system are modeled together with synchronized phasor systems. The contribution of this paper also includes a state-of–the-art survey of topics related to the proposed architectures. Furthermore, an overview of the data flows between substation and control centers including both SCADA and phasor measurements are presented. Taking into consideration the growing interest in communication and automation standardization this paper also addresses the communication between the substations coupled with relevant standards and technology.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FRAMEWORK INCORPORATING SYNCHRONIZED PHASOR DATA FOR POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL
  • 14.
    Yiming, Wu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Swedish Centre of Excellence in Electric Power Engineering, EKC2. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Babazadeh, Davood
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, Swedish Centre of Excellence in Electric Power Engineering, EKC2. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Modeling of Communication Infrastructure Compatible to Nordic 32 Power System2016In: IEEE-Power-and-Energy-Society General Meeting 2016, IEEE, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart Grid integrates communication and computationtechnologies into power systems. Research on interdisciplinarytopics between power system and communicationsystems requires models for both systems. There are severalpower system models available representing standard powersystems and real power systems. However, lacking of theircorresponding communication infrastructure information leadsthe difficulty of communication system modeling. In this paper,a communication infrastructure model compatible to Nordic 32power system model has been developed and presented. In thismodel, Wide Area Monitoring System (WAMS) is incorporatedwith Supervisor Control and Data Acquisition system. Theparameters of this model are based on the data from a Nordicelectric power utility. Validation of the model is performedthrough comparison of results from simulation and a previousempirical data study performed on the same utility network. Inadditional, this model is simulated by using different Qualityof Service (QoS) mechanism. The obtained results show thatcongestion management mechanisms introduce additional delayto the highest priority traffic slightly. But traffics with lowerpriority can be benefit from congestion management mechanisms.The proposed model can be widely used for other research onNordic 32 power system.

  • 15.
    Yiming, Wu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electric Power and Energy Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electric Power and Energy Systems.
    Wang, Yujue
    Washington State University.
    Hauser, Carl
    Washington State University.
    Adaptive Cyber-Security Scheme Incorporating QoS Requirements for WAMC Applications2018In: Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC2018), IEEE conference proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Yiming, Wu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electric Power and Energy Systems.
    Xiao, Y.
    Hohn, Fabian
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electric Power and Energy Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electric Power and Energy Systems.
    Wang, J.
    Zhao, W.
    Bad Data Detection Using Linear WLS and Sampled Values in Digital Substations2018In: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, ISSN 0885-8977, E-ISSN 1937-4208, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 150-157, article id 7867789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart Grids employ intelligent control applications that require high quality data: fast, secure, and error free. Several researchers have focused on providing techniques for low latency and secured data links for these applications. Bad data detection is however generally provided only at the central level due to limitations in legacy technologies employed in many substations. With the introduction of IEC61850 data sharing within the substation becomes more flexible and transparent allowing more sophisticated management of data quality. Hence, this paper proposes a substation level bad data detection algorithm to facilitate also these types of requirements from applications. The algorithm is based on automatically detecting the substation topology by parsing standard substation description files and online state of circuit breakers and disconnectors. By applying linear weighted least square based state estimation algorithm, bad data from failing current transformers (CT) can be detected. By conducting the verification of different types of bad data, the results show the output of bad data detection algorithm provides higher accuracy than output from both measurement and protective CT in both static and faulty situations.

  • 17.
    Zhu, Kun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Babazadeh, Davood
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Wu, Yiming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Industrial Information and Control Systems.
    Design of Robust Wide-Area Damping Controller Based on Synchronized Phasor2012In: The 9th International Conference on Advances in Power System Control, Operation & Management (APSCOM 2012), 18 November-21 November 2012, Kowloon Shangri-La Hotel, Hong Kong: Conference Handbook, Hongkong: Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 17 of 17
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